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Nanotechnology is an uprising technology that can purify and better the quality of

A human is in need of only 4 basic essentials. Air which he can


surface water, ground water and waste water with the use of nano-materials. It can
survive 3 minutes without, water 3 days without, food 3 weeks
provide access to water in a more effective and efficient manner than
without respectively. Second to air, water is one of the most
convectional methods that have been used before. The water purification within
crucial needs of a human without it, survival is impossible but
nanotechnology is implemented with nanoscopic materials such as carbon
sadly a huge portion of the population nowadays don’t have
nanotubes and alumina fibres which remove sediments, chemical effluents, charged
adequate access to water. The half filled cups of water we
particles, bacteria and other pathogens. There are a variety of techniques for the
drain down the sink, the long showers we take, the luxurious
use of nanotechnology as a way of providing access to clean water but they all have
baths we enjoy are all fantasies to a third of the worlds
the same application and are efficient for the treatment of water. The main
population. Access to clean water is a vital need and a critical
techniques of water treatment with nanotechnology are nanoscale filtration
challenge to many areas of the world but also a problem that
techniques, the adsorption of pollutants on nanoparticles and the breakdown of
needs to be resolved. contaminants by nanoparticles catalysts.
Fig 1: Percentage of the population with access to clean water[1]

Fig 4: Traditional methods of treatment of water compared to usage of nantechnology [4]

A way of treating water with iron and aluminum salts. It has


been used ever since the early 20th century
“5 Basic Needs to Survive and Thrive,” Santevia Water Systems USA Store. [Online]. Available:
https://www.santevia.com/blog/5-basic-needs-to-survive-and-thrive/. [Accessed: 30-Jan-2019].

“Nanotechnology in Water Treatment Applications,” Google Books. [Online]. Available:


https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=_UGytCMXyp8C&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=Nanotechnol
ogy, Water, and
Development&ots=uKsP46qsf6&sig=PUbAIlGqZSCxlz1mXi3I8lcCMRY#v=onepage&q=Nanotechnol
ogy, Water, and Development&f=false. [Accessed: 30-Jan-2019].

S. User, Nitrous Oxide Emission Treatment | NOx Treatment. [Online]. Available:


Fig 2: Coagulation process [2] http://www.tipe.com.cn/index.php/solutions/watertreatment?gclid=Cj0KCQiAp7DiBRDdARIsABIM
foA6MA33b8uL0KdhLG_MtKmpR257glchn5lDouHPXBLGMWRz69WkgT8aAuWXEALw_wcB.
[Accessed: 30-Jan-2019].

A way which removes particulate matter through porous “19% of world's people without access to clean water live in India,” Down To Earth. [Online].
Available: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/water/19-of-world-s-people-without-access-to-
media. it was first used in 1954 for cleaning of water clean-water-live-in-india-60011. [Accessed: 30-Jan-2019].[1]

“Conventional Water Treatment: Coagulation and Filtration,” Safe Drinking Water Foundation.
[Online]. Available: https://www.safewater.org/fact-sheets-1/2017/1/23/conventional-water-
treatment. [Accessed: 30-Jan-2019]. [2][3]

B. Şimşek, İ. Sevgili, Ö. B. Ceran, H. Korucu, and O. N. Şara, “Nanomaterials Based Drinking Water
Purification: Comparative Study with a Conventional Water Purification Process,” Periodica
Polytechnica Architecture. [Online]. Available: https://pp.bme.hu/ch/article/view/12458.
[Accessed: 30-Jan-2019].[4]
Fig 3: Filtration process[3] Mahgoub Mohamed - 214717235