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Top-level Oracle DBAs demonstrate the following expert knowledge and skills: 1. Relational database management system (RDBMS) concepts, design, and deployment. 2. Designing, developing, and supporting large RDBMS in the Oracle 8i or 9i environments. 3. Mastering Oracle database software for installation, upgrading, and configuration. 4. Installing and managing Oracle Parallel Server (OPS). 5. Concepts and practices on logical and physical database design. 6. Skills for database performance tuning ± including server tuning and application tuning. 7. Developing and implementing backup and recovery plans. 8. Writing SQL query scripts and operating system level scripts to monitor database and perform DBA tasks. 9. Writing PL/SQL stored procedures and packages to implement business logic. 10. Using case tools for data modeling, analyzing business rules and creating entity relationship diagram. 11. Using Oracle Enterprise Manager to perform DBA tasks. 12. Using Oracle RMAN to perform backup/recovery tasks. 13. Data Warehouse and data mart physical structures and design. 14. Using ETL (Extraction, Transformation and Loading) tools such as PowerMart / Informatica. 15. Some knowledge and working experience on other databases such as IBM DB2 and Microsoft SQL Server. 16. Fundamental knowledge of operating systems (UNIX, Windows, etc) and networking (TCP/IP, Novel, Internet, etc.) 17. Knowledge on specific industry ± banking, financial, insurance, retail, etc.
How to Obtain Oracle DBA Skills and Experience
There are two kinds of skills in IT ± intelligence based skills and experience-based skills. Programming skills, for instance, are intelligence-based skills that count on your brain cells. On the other hand, DBA skills are more likely experience based. DBA skills are obtained from the actual work. If you are in a database related position, you can take advantage of the environment and build these skills that I listed above. If you have a IT job but it is not directly related to database tasks on the server side, you may talk to the DBA to give you certain level of access to the database so you can play with it. Most programmers and developers have enough database privileges that they can use to work and play in order to gain database server experience. Even if you don¶t have access to Oracle database at work, or don¶t work on an IT job at all, you can still get hands-on skills and experience with Oracle database and market your self as a experienced Oracle DBA for job switching or re-joining the workforce. All you need is to build an Oracle database environment on your PC, and then, work, play, create, break, do whatever you like on it. That¶s how you get the hands-on experience. You can download the fully functional Oracle database software for trail/testing purpose from Oracle website. Oracle database is available in different editions ± Personal, Standard, and Enterprise. You may start with the Personal Edition that is smaller. If you want to explore more advanced Oracle technologies, use the Enterprise Edition. Oracle database software can be installed on WindowsNT/2000/XP and Linux. If your PC is running on Windows 2000 Professional, XP, or Linux, you¶ll be able to put Oracle database on it. You need to become a member of Oracle Technology Network in order to download Oracle software. The membership is free. You just need to go to http://otn.oracle.com/ to sign up. After you create you account with user/password, you can go tohttp://otn.oracle.com/software/content.html to download Oracle database software. Oracle database software comes with full set documentations in HTML and PDF format. By following the instructions in the documentation, you should have no problem to install the software, create a database
sequences. to ensure that any new product usage or release upgrade takes place with minimal impact. Planning is also performed by the DBA. (6) Controls migrations of programs. (13) Administers all database objects. (2) Performs the capacity planning required to create and maintain the databases. (7) Implements and enforces security for all of the Oracle Databases. including tables. (5) Plans and implements backup and recovery of the Oracle database.instance. database changes. testing. The DBA is usually the point of contact for Oracle Corporation. Oracle Technology Network provides a lot of useful information to help you obtain skills and build experience in Oracle database. there are tons of technical books and free resources online that you can use. packages and procedures. (3) Performs ongoing tuning of the database instances. and third party products to ensure that the site is running the products that are most appropriate. Online Resources for Database Oracle DBA Responsibilities (1) Creates and maintains all databases required for development. (4) Install new versions of the Oracle RDBMS and its tools and any other tools that access the Oracle database. (11) Provides technical support to application development teams. applications and . along with the application developers and System administrators. The DBA will perform reviews on the design and code frequently to ensure the site standards are being adhered to. education and production usage. and start to play with it. (9) Puts standards in place to ensure that all application design and code is produced with proper integrity. The DBA works closely with system administration staff because computers often have applications or tools on them in addition to the Oracle Databases. security and performance. (12) Enforces and maintains database contraints to ensure integrity of the database. indexes. (10) Evaluates releases of Oracle and its tools. clusters. (8) Performs database re-organisations as required to assist performance and ensure maximum uptime of the database. This is usually in the form of a help desk. views. Since Oracle is such a popular database. (15) Troubleshoots with problems regarding the databases. The following link provides online resources on database related topics. reference data changes and menu changes through the development life cycle. (14) Assists with impact analysis of any changes made to the database objects.
(10) Experience and knowledge in migrating code. systems administrators and other related service providers. (16) Create new database users as required. (6) Good skills in all Oracle tools.development tools. vendors. (4) Be able to provide a strategic database direction for the organisation. (17) Manage sharing of resources amongst applications. database changes. (13) A DBA should possess a sound understanding of the business. (11) A good knowledge of the way Oracle enforces data integrity. The DBA should posses the following skills (1) A good knowledge of the operating system(s) (2) A good knowledge of physical database design (3) Ability to perform both Oracle and also operating system performance monitoring and the necessary adjustments. (14) A DBA should have sound communication skills with management. . (8) A good knowledge of how Oracle acquires and manages resources. (18) The DBA has ultimate responsibility for the physical database design. development teams. (5) Excellent knowledge of Oracle backup and recovery scenarios. (12) A sound knowledge of both database and program code performance tuning. (9) Sound knowledge of the applications at your site. (7) A good knowledge of Oracle security management. data and menus through the various stages of the development life cycle.
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