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Part –A
1. What is meant by cost plus sliding contract?
2. What are the essential elements of a contract?
3. Mention the conditions under which the non-performance of works can be excused in contract
4. List any four important provisions of standard contract documents?
5. Define contract as defined in the section 2 of the Indian contract act 1872?
6. What are void agreements?
7. What is the meaning of “consent” and “free consent” as define in the section 13 and 14 of the
Indian contract act 1872?
8. When the consideration or object is unlawful?
9. What is contract of indemnity?
10. Define consent?
11. Write about void agreement for uncertainty?
12. List out the types of contract?
13. Define labour contract?
14. What is meant by negotiated contract?
15. Write the special aspect of contract document?
16. Write about duties of agents?
17. Distinguish between an agent and an independent contract?
18. What is meant by contingent liability?
19. Define agents?
20. Define torts?
Part –B
1. What are the essential elements of Contract?
2. Explain about i) Capacities of parties ii) Free Consent and iii) Lawful Consent.
3. Show with examples the elements of consideration as indicated in the contract.
4. Contract and Compare the extra provisions of Lump sum Contract, Unit price contract and Cost
plus Contract.
5. What the characteristics of an Offer are as indicated in the contract.
6. Describe the condition in which unbalancing is done to minimize risk to the owner.
7. Discuss the implications of the type of contract form the staff requirements of the Owner.
8. Explain the circumstances under which the Owner having rights to terminating the contract and
in getting another contractor to complete the work.
9. Give with examples of Torts.
10. Give with examples of contract disputes.
11. Describe the condition must be exist for an injured party to successfully sue another person in a
tort action .
12. Explain the ethical concerns which arise when international contracts are awarded.
13. Give the topics which are addressed in the supplementary condition that are more specific for
the work being constructed.

14. Explain the rights of bailor and as per Indian contract act?
15. Draft a tender notice to publish in website for the construction of “IT” park complex at a cost of
Rs. 100 crores. Assume the required data?
16. Explain the problems faced by the owner’s in turn key projects?
17. List out the obligations of an agent as per agency law?
18. List out the various important conditions of contract as per IBRD guidelines?
19. List out the various types of contract employed in India and bring out the merits and demerits of
20. Write essential features of a void contract?
21. What is the object and nature of the law of contract?
22. All agreements are not contract but all the contract is agreements discuss in detail?
23. What are the duties of Sub-Contractor?
24. Distinguish the following
i) Express contract and implied contract
ii) Executed contract and executory contract?
25. Distinguish the following
i) Valid, void and voidadle contract?
ii) Void agreement and void contract?
26. Under what circumstances the object or consideration of an agreement deemed to be lawful?
27. Discuss bailment as defined in the Indian contract act.
Part- A
1. Mention the conditions under which the non-performance of works can be
a.) executed in contract system
2. What are the objectives of the Tamil Nadu transparency in tenders act 1998
3. Why is pre-qualification of tenders resorted to?
4. List any four contractual problems?
5. Define consent?
6. What are the types of Tender?
7. When the consideration or object is unlawful?
8. What is the meaning of Consent & free consent as defined in the section
13 & 14 of the Indian contracts act of 1872?
9. Define Notice Inviting Tender?
10. Distinguish express contract and implied contract?
11. Distinguish executed contract and executory contract?
12. Define Schedule of Rates?
13. Distinguish between Late and Delayed tender?
14. What is duress?
15. Does the threat to commit suicide amount to coercion?
16. Define bailment as defined in the Indian contracts act?
17. Differentiate between dying declaration and dying deposition?
18. Is there any contract for the following cases?
a.) A & B promises to marry each other
b.) A invites B to a tea party, B accepts the invitation
19. What are the contents of pre-qualification document as per World Bank
20. What are the factors to be considered while bidding for overseas projects?
Part- B
1. Explain the contents of pre-qualification document as per World Bank Guidelines?
2. Discus the additional factors that you would consider while bidding for
Overseas projects?
3. Explain the process the evaluation of tender form in public works department
4. Explain the contractual problems faced by the owner in Turnkey projects?
5. Explain the World Bank guidelines for tenders
6. The Tamilnadu transparency in tender’s act 1998 has paved way for Openness in tender –

7. Discus the doctrine of public policy. Give examples of some of the agreements which have been
held to be opposed to public policy & unlawful?
8. What are the powers needed to enter into a contract?
9. Describe the procedure for opening of a tender
10. What are formalities to be performed before accepting a tender incase of the job is to be owned
by i) Private party ii)Government Organisation.
11. What is security bond / why is it so important for any construction project
12. Write terms and conditions of work order for an execution of any project.
13. Discuss the procedure for calling of tender.
14. Why is it required to terminate a contractor. Under what circumstances does the Owner or
Contractor terminate the contract
15. How the tender is scrutinized and compared before the selection of the tender is made.

Part- A
1. List out the duties of arbitrators?
2. What are the powers of arbitrators?
3. Where the powers to modified awards are carried out?
4. Where the powers to remit awards are carried out?
5. Under which circumstances Setting Aside of Award are given?
6. In which cases the revocation can be ordered.
7. Name the important matters under which the parties can seek the assistance of the court inter-alia.
8. What is Arbitration?
9. Name the acts for arbitration that are followed in India.
10. Give some objectives of arbitration.
11. Give four essentials of arbitration agreement.
12. Give four causes of revocation.
13. Name some of matters which may be referred to arbitration.
14. Under which factors the arbitration is conducted.
15. Name some of the conditions of arbitration.
16. Give the conditions under which arbitrators are appointed.
17. Give four comparisons of Actions and laws.
18. What is arbitration agreement?
19. Name some of the advantages of arbitration.
20. What are the requirements needed for arbitration?
1. What is arbitration and give its objectives?
2. What is arbitration agreement and give it essentials?
3. Define form of an arbitration agreement.
4. Explain the Revocation of arbitration agreement?
5. Explain the Subject matter which may be refereed to arbitration?
6. Discuss about the appointment of an arbitrator.
7. List out conditions of arbitration?
8. List out the duties of arbitrators.
9. List out the power of arbitrators.
10. Explain about the enforcement of awards?
11. What are the classifications of agents and explain each of them?
12. Give the comparison of Acts & Laws.
13. Explain about cost of arbitration.
14. Discuss about Rules of evidences.
15. Explain about conduct of arbitral proceedings.
16. Explain the following in relation to the transfer of properties act: i) Sale ii)Mortgage iii) Charge iv)
17. Name the important matters involved in supervisory powers of court.
18. Discuss on the quality of arbitration.

1. What do u look for when u propose to purchase a Pease of land in urban area for commercial construction
2. What are the taxes and other charges to be deducted when u pass a bill or a contractor for the payment due to
3. Distinguish between strike and lock out
4. What the trade dispute has defined in the section 2(g) of trade union act 1926.
5. What is meant by standard acre in land revenue codes
6. Discuss the influence of custom duty on construction cost
7. Define tax-law
8. What are the types of insurance
9. What is meant by sales tax
10. Write about the product liability insurance
11. What are the details to be enclosed in tender document
12. What is meant by sales price
13. Write about inner state sales tax
14. What are the classification of sales tax
15. What are types of sales tax in India
16. What are the features of sales tax
17. Various methods to avoid case coding effect of excise duties?
18. Define Value Added Tax.
19. Objectives of Excise duties.
20. Distinguish between excise duty & Sales tax.

1. Duties of purchaser & seller as per the transfer or property act.
2. Explain Value Added Tax in construction industry.
3. Explain fidelity grantee insurance.
4. Explain the ocean, marine insurance.
5. The building by laws & development control regulations act as facilitator for regulating the growth of urban
areas. They also have influence on cost of land & properties discuss.
6. Tax law have case coding effect on the construction cost discuss with refer to the burden the builders have to
bear with.
7. Who are income tax authorities? Explain pores & duties of income tax officer.
8. What are the diff b/w presumptions of laws & presumptions of fact occurring to Indian evidence act?
9. Define “assessor” as per the income tax act what are the heads of income
10. Work in detail have the lands is metropolitan area have been categorized. What is the major construction
activities permit in each job?
11. Under what difference categories the land in metropolitan area are categorized write in details the objectives
of planning for various zones.


1. How do you calculate the bonus for workers in construction industry?

2. What are the eligibility conditions for construction labourers to claim rights under minimum wages
3. Spell out the important facilities that are to be provided at site by the contractor to the labourers.
4. How do you enforce safety regulations as a site engineer?
5. What is doctrine of added peril?
6. What allocable surplus is as defined in the payment of Bonus act 1965?
7. Define social security.
8. Write about welfare legislation?
9. Write about laws relating to wages?
10. Define bonus and industrial disputes?
11. Define labour administration?
12. What is construction insurance?
13. Define Insurance and safety regulations?
14. Define workmen’s compensation act?
15. What is meant by Indian Factory act?
16. What is meant by Tamilnadu’s factory act?
17. Define about child labour act?
18. What are the other labour laws?
19. Discuss the influence of custom duty on construction industry?
20. What are the taxes and other charges to be deducted when you pass a bill for a contractor for the
payment due to him?
21. What ‘Trade Dispute’ is as defined in section 2(g) of Trade Union Act, 1926?
22. Define minimum wages act?
23. Features of Indian factories act?
24. Discuss the duties of employees?
25. Define bailment.

1. Explain the salient features of Indian Factories act.

2. Brief the records to be maintained by the employer as per workmen’s compensation act.
3. Discuss the duties of employees as per Industrial Dispute Act.
4. What are the provisions of the Child labour (Prohibition and Regulation Act) with reference to
construction industry duly bringing out the penalties for the offenders?
5. Briefly explain Minimum Wages Act
6. Briefly explain The payment of Bonus Act
7. Briefly explain the payment of Gratuity Act.
8. Briefly explain The workmen’s Compensation Act
9. Write the main postulates of Indian labour policy.
10. As per the section 22 (1) of the Industrial Disputes Act 1947 when the strike is considered as illegal
for the public utility service?
11. Write the four principles governing compensation in the workmen’s Compensation Act 1923.
12. What are the remuneration which includes “wages” as per the payment of Wages Act 1936?
13. List the different purposes for which the general funds of the Trade Union can be spent.
14. Write in detail the various guiding principles of industrial adjudication.
15. What are the conditions to be fulfilled by the workmen for claim of lay off compensation as per
section 25 (c) of the Workmen’s Compensation Act 1947?
16. What accident is as defined in the workmen’s compensation act 1923? Differentiate accident
“arising out of” and “in the course of” employment.
17. What are “permissible deductions” under the payment of wages act?
18. What “manufacturing process” is as defined in the Factories Act 1948?
19. Briefly explain Tamilnadu Factory Act.
20. Explain in detail Insurance and safety regulations