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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education

Bayorbor National High School

Mataasnakahoy, Batangas

A Detailed Lesson Plan in English

I. Objectives
At the end of the discussion with 85% competencies, the students are able to:
1) Explain the literary devices used.
2) Explain how the elements specific to a genre contribute to the theme of a particular literary selection.
3) Determine the difference between Petrarchan and Shakespearean Sonnet.
4) Participate actively in the class.

II. Subject Matter

Petrarchan and Shakespearean Sonnet/ Laura, The White Doe and Spring

III. Resources
Materials: Laptop, Television, Visual Aid and Tape

IV. Learning Activities

Teachers Activity Students Activity
A. Daily Routine
Let us put ourselves to the Holy Presence of God,
in the name of the Father and of the Son and of
the Holy Spirit Amen.
B. Greetings and Classroom Management
Good morning class!
Good morning Ma’am.
Before you sit, kindly pick-up those candy
wrappers under and check the alignment of your
(The students pick those wrappers and check the
alignment of their chairs)
Please be seated.

C. Checking of Attendance
Yes Ma’am?
Is there any absent today?
None Ma’am.
Very Good!

I. Activity
Have you been in love?
Yes Ma’am.
What are the things you basically when you are in
Shouting and screaming when my crush texted me.
Thank you! Another?
I’m doing crazy things like smiling without any
reason and punching my seatmate when my crush
passes by.
Thank you!

I have here pictures. I want you to analyze these

pictures. Kindly give your ideas or understanding
about the pictures you have analyzed.

(The students analyze the pictures)

Now class, kindly give me your ideas about the
The boy is in love with the girl.
Thank you! Another?
The boy is giving efforts to the girl.
Thank you! Another?
The boy is courting the girl.
Very Good! The pictures show us how man/boy
courts a woman/girl.

Base on the pictures, what do you think is our

topic for today?
It’s all about love Ma’am.
Thank you! Another?
It’s all about courtship Ma’am.
Very Good!

II. Analysis
Do you have any idea of who Francesco
Petrarch is?
None Ma’am.
Let me introduce to you the man behind the
poems that we will discuss today.
This is Francesco Petrarch.

He is an Italian poet. The English called him the

greatest Italian poet of the 14th century by setting
a pattern for lyric poetry.
Here are some poems from Petrarch’s
“Canzoniere”. Let us read, enjoy the rhyme,
rhythm and discover the message of each poem.

Before you start reading, think about this question.

How would you describe someone you are
passionately in love with?
They are like angels in my eyes.
Thank you! Another?
They are gorgeous, pretty and good-looking
women that God created.
Thank you!
Now let us read the collection of poems by
Francesco Petrarch.
Pages 171 – 173
Let us answer the questions about the three
poems that you have read.

Let us answer it by row. The first row will answer

the questions about the poem “Laura”, the second
row is “The White Doe”, and the third row is the

1) In the poem “Laura”, how was Laura described
by the speaker?
The speaker describe Laura as a beautiful and
divine woman.
2) In Laura’s “present and past”, what are the
common details the speaker remembers about
Laura’s eyes were brighten than the radiant west
and she seemed divine among the dreary folk.
3) How does Laura seem to have changed?
Though the bow’s unbent means: she is older and
does not have her original beauty. The bow
referred to is Cupid.
4) Though years passed, what aspects in the poem
“Laura” remain unchanged?
What remains unchanged is the author’s undying
love for Laura.
The White Doe
1) What details in the “The White Doe” tell about
time and season?
The time is sunrise and noon and the season is
winter as in the expression, season’s bitter cold.
2) What is a doe?
A female animal such as a deer, rabbit or
3) How is the doe described in the poem?
Pure-white doe in an emerald glade and with two
antlers of gold.
4) To whom is the “white doe” compared in the
The white doe was compared to a beautiful
woman named Laura.
5) What emotion does the last stanza evoke in
The last stanza brings sadness to me because the
speaker said that the person he is referring was
1) “Spring” is written after Laura’s death. What
does the speaker emphasize about spring?
That the spring is a symbol of everything that is
beautiful and everything that is new and fresh.
2) What makes the speaker describe differently
the springtime scene?
But for the speaker, spring has brought him and
affect his will to live because of Laura’s death.
3) What does the ending of the poem reveal about
the speaker?
He has lost his will to live which is revealed in the
expression “the beasts prowl on the ungreening
4) Who is referred to in the three poems?
The three poems refer to Laura.
5) Petrarch was a fourteenth-century writer. In his
poems, what are the situations or feelings that you
could relate to? On the other hand, in what ways
are the situations or feelings in the poem
The feeling that I could relate is being sad. This
feeling seems to be outdated because when we
love someone and they leave us our feeling will be
Now class, let us go through the poem “The White
Doe” again. This time focus on the structure of the
poem. Poems are said to have rhyme and rhythm.
Let’s find out the rhyme scheme of this poem.
The White Doe
Translated by Anna Maria Armi
Pages 174 – 175
1) How many lines are there in the poem?
Fourteen lines Ma’am.
2) How many lines are there in the first two
Eight lines Ma’am.
3) How about in the third and fourth stanzas, how
many lines are there?
Six lines Ma’am.
4) Study the rhyme scheme. What is the basis of
the rhyme scheme?
The basis of the rhyme scheme are the rhyming
words in the poem.
5) How do rhyme and rhythm contribute to the
message of the poem?
They add beauty on the poem.
Now class, do you have any idea of what rhyme
scheme is?
Yes Ma’am.
What is rhyme scheme?
The arrangement of rhymes in a poem or stanza.
Very Good!
Do you know how to identify rhyme scheme in a
No Ma’am.
Let me discuss to you how to identify rhyme
Rhyme scheme continue to the end of a poem,
no matter how many lines or stanzas it contains,
you usually do not start over with a new rhyme
scheme in each stanza.
When labeling a rhyme scheme in a poem, you
can write uppercase letters at the end of each line
that denote rhymes. The first line is “A” and
subsequent lines continue through the alphabet in
order. If you find a line that rhymes with a
previous line, you label it with the same letter as
the earlier line. Remember that a line in the third
stanza of a poem could rhyme with a line in the
first stanza. Also be aware of slant or near rhymes,
which are words that sound similar but do not
exactly match.

Is that clear?
Yes Ma’am.
Now class, kindly get your notebook. On page 175,
identify the rhyme scheme of each sonnet and
compare and contrast them with each other.
(The students do the task)
Before we proceed to your task, let me discuss to
you who William Shakespeare is and what
Petrarchan and Shakespearean Sonnets are.
William Shakespeare
Born: Stratford-upon-Avon
Warwickshire, England
Baptized: 26 April 1564
Wife: Anne Hathaway
Works: Shakespeare produced most of his known
works between 1589 and 1613. His early plays
were primarily comedies and histories and are
regarded as some of the best work ever produced
in this genres.
Examples of his works are the Hamlet, Othello,
King Lear, and Macbeth.

The Petrarchan or Italian sonnet named after the

fourteenth century Italian poet Petrarch. This
sonnet has the rhyme scheme ABBAABBACDECDE.
The Shakespearean or English sonnet was
actually developed in the sixteenth century by the
Earl of Surrey, but it was named after Shakespeare
because of his great sonnet sequence. The
Shakespearean sonnet has the rhyme scheme
ABAB CDCD EFEF GG, forming three quatrains
(four lines in a group) and a closing couplet (two
rhymed lines).
III. Abstraction
You have read examples of one type of lyric
poem-the sonnet. After reading the poems, what
similarities and differences did you notice?



IV. Application

1) How does the rhyme scheme in Petrarch’s

sonnet differ from Shakespeare’s?
The Petrarch’s sonnet rhyme scheme is
ABBAABBACDECDE while the Shakespeare’s
sonnet is ABAB CDCD EFEF GG.
2) What does the rhyme scheme do in the sonnet?
It helps the sonnet to be organized.
3) Do the words that rhyme in the sonnet relate to
the theme of the poem? How?
Yes, because those rhyming words are connected
to the title and to the theme of the poems. It also
has a bit similar meaning.
4) Aside from sonnets, where else can we use the
“rhyme scheme”?
Aside from sonnets, rhyme scheme can also be
used in poems and song.
For example:
Imagine how Petrarch’s Laura was like? In your group, work on the task that will be assigned by
your teacher.

GROUP 1- Based on Petrarch’s description of Laura, draw her image on short bond paper with a
dedication addressed to Petrarch.
GROUP 2- Choose a song that best describes the love Petrarch has for Laura.
GROUP 3- Prepare and perform a “rap” intended for courtship.
GROUP 4- Pretend you are Petrarch with undying love for Laura and write a love letter to her.
GROUP 5- Deliver a short speech addressed to your beloved who has died without saying farewell to

Teamwork 5
Impact 5
Content 5
Message 10

Construct a short poem about your ideal courtship. You must use and follow the correct rhyme scheme
of Petrarchan Sonnet.

Values Integration:
Love is not something you find but it is something that finds you.

Prepared by: Noted by:

Joy A. Belina Carmela Dhone L. De Roxas