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Saint Louis University

School of Teacher Education and Liberal Arts

Department of Political and Social Science

LONG QUIZ IN LS 26 / 250

ID Number: _____________ NAME: _______________________________________________ SCORE:
Faculty-in-charge: E.J. Bacud Schedule: 8:30-9:30 MWF (S325) Date: ______________

TEST 1: Identification. Identify the concept being described in each item. Make sure that your answer is complete in
form to avoid confusion and vagueness. This test is worth 68 points (each correct item is worth 2 points).
______________________________1. According to the generally accepted principles in treaty-making process, identify
______________________________2. The 4 (four) essential
______________________________3. Components of
______________________________4. Treaty-making process in the international realm.
______________________________5. A technical term used to refer to the right of the state to denunciation in the
application of the treaty
______________________________6. A landmark case settled by the ITLOS that stopped Japan from continuing to fish in
waters of Australia and New Zealand
______________________________7. Provide the year range of the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals
______________________________8. Who is the current president of the World Bank
______________________________9. The current president of the International Monetary Fund
_____________________________10. A type of assessment adopted by states to determine the effect of a policy or program in
the environment
_____________________________11. Enumerate the Six (6) SDG or
_____________________________12. Sustainable Development Goals that refers to the
_____________________________13. Practice of environmental
_____________________________14. Conservation and
_____________________________15. Management
_____________________________16. Across the world (Answer Format : SDG No. : Concept; e.g. SDG 1: No Poverty)
_____________________________17. In general practice, the manner in which WTO votes is through
_____________________________18. An economic arm of the UN General Assembly that initiates trade and economic
_____________________________19. State mechanism that refer to the taxation of imports and exports to secure fair market
_____________________________20. What customary rule is the basis of the 12 n miles demarcation of territorial sea?
_____________________________21. It is a branch of social science that deals with the interaction of economics and politics
in the international arena to analyze the global phenomena such as free trade and globalization
_____________________________22. The fundamental international statute that governed the process of treaty-making and
its application among member states
_____________________________23. A mode of land acquisition through a treaty of sale or donation
_____________________________24. The practice of exporting a product at a significantly lower price than its market value
that results to the demise of local economies
_____________________________25. This convention prohibits the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes
_____________________________26. A treaty that formally ended the World War II
_____________________________27. The 1992 Rio De Janiero Convention is commonly known as the
_____________________________28. An environmental principle that capacitates States to stop any activity to prevent
further damage of the environment
_____________________________29. A landmark case decided by the ITLOS that stopped the reclamation activities of
Singapore in the straits of Johor
_____________________________30. A right that is enjoyed by foreign ships when they traversed the territorial waters of a
coastal state
_____________________________31. The 1982 UNCLOS entered into force on (complete date)
_____________________________32. The Philippines has been a party to the 1982 UNCLOS since (complete date)
_____________________________33. Kalayaan Group of Island was discovered by who in 1956
_____________________________34. A Philippine statute that scientifically defined the territorial boundaries of the entire
Philippine archipelago

TEST 2: MULTIPLE RESPONSE TEST. Write the following letter to describe your answer in each item. This test is
worth 60 points.
A= if all statements are TRUE C=if all statements are False
B= if more statements are TRUE D=if more statements are FALSE
_____1. ---Ratification is an act where state representatives are gathered together to create a treaty.
---Definitive signature is performed by the State when the instrument was signed initially but not completely bound.
--- Principle of adhesion does not follow the principle of favor contractus.
_____2. ---The contiguous zone is the area of water 12 nautical miles seaward from its allowed baseline.
---All landward waters prior to the baseline from which the 12 nautical miles of the contiguous zone begins are considered as
territorial waters.
---To determine the extent of the internal waters, the coastal state shall draw straight baselines connecting the outermost
points of the outermost islands.
_____3. ---Prescription, in international law, refers to an act of discovery of the terra nullius.
---Avulsion is the gradual increase in the land area of the state.
---Conquest is no longer recognized by the UN Charter as a mode of acquiring land territory.
_____4. ---Limited sovereignty is observed in the internal waters of the archipelagic state.
---Absolute sovereignty is exercised in the archipelagic waters.
---Sovereign Rights is also exercised in the continental shelf of the state.
_____5. --- Generally, newly-created states can be deemed to have treaty obligations especially if it is a result of secession or conquest.
--- A general treaty is generally understood to prevail over a more specific treaty when they have conflicting provisions.
---- Article 206 of the VCLT requires that treaties must be observed in good faith and with rationality.
_____6. ---Lex Maldivas Ultrama prior to the Lex Rhodea was the modern basis of modern international law on the conduct in seas.
---The Earth surface is surrounded by at least 1.332 billion cubic kms. Of water.
---Hugo Grotius argued that seas must be treated as aqua nullius instead of mare liberum.
_____7. ---Any state could create an artificial island in the contiguous zone of the foreign state.
--Sustainable development as the thrust of 21st century aimed for the survival of the future mankind.
--Humans are believed to be the center of sustainable development.
_____8. --- Outer space is free for exploration and used by all states but it cannot be annexed by any state.
---No manufacturing and installation of nuclear weapon is allowed in the outer space
---Outer space is also intended for scientific studies.
_____9. ---Low tide elevations has no territorial sea.
---The right of hot pursuit against a foreign ship cannot be undertaken by the authorities of the coastal state unless coordinated
immediately with the ITLOS.
---Under UNCLOS, an island is afforded to have a territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental
_____10. ---Unilateral treaties have binding effect to the state itself where the proclamation is executed.
--Modus vivendi are known as economic treaties in international law.
---The Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs has no innate capacity to enter into a treaty unless concurred by the Philippines

_____1. A. As a general rule on treaty-making process, non-state actors without international personality can be also the subjects in
which the VCLT can be applied even if they are not recognized by the origin state.
B. Under the VCLT, a State may invoke its own domestic laws on order to escape treaty liabilities for this paradigm is
manifested in the doctrine of state absolute sovereignty in which all laws crafted within its territory could outweigh the content of the
international agreement regardless of its time of enactment and observance.
C. During adhesion, the representatives are usually armed by credentials known as pleine pouvoirs and the principle of
alternat in naming the parties is followed.
D. Under the VCLT, to modify or amend provisions of the treaty, at least 2/3 votes of all the parties is required and if allowed
by a treaty, the leader state may modify a provision only insofar as they are concerned.
E. Normal baseline method does not follow the actual contours of the coast but connect the outermost points in the coastline
with each other in straight lines.
F. The Article 3 of the Chicago Convention states that this convention shall only apply to civil and state aircraft including the
military helicopters and drones.
G. As specialized agency of the United Nations, the World Bank has the purpose of promoting economic growth and trade
equilibrium by facilitating investments such as only those State which are members of IMF can be members of the World Bank.
H. Unlike the application of international law, there is stare decisis under the WTO Agreements.
I. The Principle 17 of Rio Declaration recognizes the vital role of the indigenous people and their communities to perform
environmental management and sustainable development by using their indigenous knowledge and traditional practices.
J. The 1992 UNLOS has often been described to ratify the UNCLOS II (1982 UNCLOS) in the codification of existing
practices relating to the law of the seas and oceans in which the EEZ as state maritime domain has been extended to 350 nautical miles
so that it could enable the state to practice deep sea mining but limited to coal only.

TEST 3: COMPLEX MATCHING TYPE. Match concepts in column A with the concepts indicated in columns B, C, D
and E. This test is worth 80 points.
ANSWER COLUMN A Column B Column C Column D Column E
(Definition) (Sources) (Jurisprudence) (Applications)
1. Protocol A. Treaty as accessible A. Contract A. Entire territory of A. Specialized laws on
public documents the consenting states trade and environment
such as the Kyoto
Protocol, etc.
2. Loan B. The waters around, B. Article 29 of VCLT B. 24 nautical miles B. ICJ ruled that treaty
Agreements between and from the lower mark must be interpreted and
connecting the islands of the coast applied within the
of the archipelago are framework if the
internal waters prevailing legal system
3. Treaty C. The Coastal state C. Article 33 of C. Breach or C. Submarine are
Application can take jurisdiction UNCLOS violation of the required to navigate in
treaty the surface level
4. Archipelagic D. Not to exceed 350 D. Article 27 of D. People v. Wong D. UNCLOS is
Doctrine nautical miles from the UNCLOS Cheng applicable in all parts of
baseline the Philippine
5. Treaty E. Limited application E. Served as IRR of a E. Magallona v. E. Loss of the subject
Interpretation of sovereignty general convention Ermita matter
6. Contiguous F. Involves monetary F. Article 65 and F. Advisory Opinion F. Straight baseline
Zone transactions between Article 70 of VCLT on Namibia, 1971 method
two states
7. Continental G. The foreign state G. Article 31 of VCLT G. Oposa v. G. Abaya v. Ebdane,
Shelf has violated the laws Factoran, 1993 2007
of the coastal state
8. Treaty H. Offshoot of the Sic H. Article 46 and 47 H. Agreement to set H. Customs,
Registration Utere Principle of UNCLOS limit on the immigration and
CARBON DIOXIDE sanitary laws
9. Hot Pursuit I. Good faith and I. Article 76 par. 5 of I. Prohibits biopiracy I. If such measures are
ordinary meaning UNCLOS necessary for the non-
disturbance of peace in
the country
10. J. Applicability of the J. Article 111 of the J. North Sea Case, J. Carbon footprint
Transboundary treaty in the state UNCLOS 1969 reduction
Harm territory
11. Nagoya K. The on-going treaty K. 2008 Draft Articles K. Exchange of notes K. State enjoys the
Protocol is declared inoperative on the Law of is a valid proof of right of exploitation of
Aquifers international oil deposits and seabed
obligation mining
12. ICSID L. Signed in 1992 L. Article 102 of UN L. It must be L. Philippine resources
and Article 80 of uninterrupted as the vulnerable aspect
VCLT of exploitation
13. Treaty M. Agreed upon in M. Article of 2 of its M. Foreign Control M. Applied also to
Termination 2010 Charter Clause aircraft
14. UNFCCC N. First convened in N. Supplementary N. Corfu Channel N. Philippines as a
1964 Agreement to the Case 1949 member since 1972
15. UNCTAD O. Laws on treaties O. Affirming the 1972 O. It has binding O. Creates Limitation
Stockholm effect such as the to the State Activities
Convention environmental in the environment
policies on
diminishing carbon
16. Rio P. Right of innocent P. Governed by P. Treaty as P. Human Centric and
Declaration passage Article 25 of bilateral or multi- Inter-generational
Washington lateral responsibility
17. Island as Q. Stabilize the Q. Article 121 of the Q. Cannot be Q. Conciliation and
Legal Object emission of greenhouse UNCLOS invoked when not arbitration
gases registered
18. English R. Official record of R. Not automatically R. 27 Principles R. And formulation of
Rule in certain proceedings applied in internal trade policies and
Commercial waters multi-lateral trade
Ships agreements
19. Rules on S. Settle dispute S. Sub-agency of UN S. If not, considered S. Registration as
Passage between contracting General Assembly as a rock mechanism to claim UN
states and foreign Jurisdiction
20. VCLT T. Area of land which T. Signed by 114 T. Studies on T. Not afforded an
is above water at high parties with 15 economic exclusive economic zone
tide signatories development and continental shelf

with a YES or NO. Then, identify the concept emphasized in each question. This test is worth 50 points.

YES/NO (2 points) Concept (3 pts.)

____________ _______________________________________1. Is treaty enforceable if one state forced the other state to
comply on the basis of military power and economic sanctions such as embargo and tariff systems?
____________ _______________________________________2. Can UNLOS be fully applied to State A even if it did not ratified
it but earlier signed the general resolution on having the standard conduct on the laws of the seas?
____________ _______________________________________3. Is there a need for a treaty to be registered in an international
____________ _______________________________________4. In the Philippines, is the executive branch obligated to seek the
approval of the legislative branch in entering into a treaty?
____________ _______________________________________5. Can a newly approved treaty be applied to settle earlier disputes
prior to its approval?
____________ _______________________________________6. Will a treaty be still valid even if significant changes in the
content occurred?
____________ _______________________________________7. Is the government allowed to search the technical
requirements of a foreign passenger planes such as registration certification and list of the personnel?
____________ _______________________________________8. Can the Philippines applied sovereignty in its exclusive
economic zones?
____________ _______________________________________9. Are states obligated to exercise their sovereignty in their
acquired territory?
____________ _______________________________________10. Is a treaty still in effect even if there are only two independent
states signed on it?
____________ ________________________________________11. Can an airplane travel beyond 84 kilometers above the sea

____________ ________________________________________12. In generally accepted principle of international law, can state

properties be used to inflict harm with other states?
Prepared by Emmanuel J. Bacud

In any order: 1. Capacity of the parties; 2.) 7. DIJK
Competence of particular organs; 3.) Reality of 8. ALQS
Consent ; 4.) Legality of the Object 9. GJLM
5. Desistance of State Parties
10. HKGO
6. 1999 Bluefin Tuna Case
11. MNIL
7. 2016-2030
8. Kristalina Georgieva
12. SPMQ
9. Christine Lagarde 13. KFCE
10. Environmental Impact Assessment 14. QMHJ
11. SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation 15. NSTR
12. SDG 7: Renewable Energy 16. LORP
13. SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities 17. TQST
14. SDG 13: Climate Action 18. CDDI
15. SDG 14: Life Below Water 19. PRNC
16. SDG 15: Life on Land 20. OTPN
19. Tariff
20. Canon Ball Rule 1.) NO/ Doctrine of Unequal Treaties
21. International Political Economy 2.) NO/ Signatory
22. 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of 3.) YES/ UN Secretariat
Treaties 4.) YES/ Concurrence
23. Cession/ Secession 5.) NO/ Retroactive Effect
24. Dumping 6.) NO/ Rebus Sic Stantibus
25. Basel Convention 7.) YES/ Power to Search
26. 1947 Paris Peace Treaty 8.) NO/ Sovereign rights
27. Earth Summit 9.) YES/ Correlative Duty
28. Precautionary Principle
10.) YES/ Bilateral Treaty
29. 2003 Straits of Joho Case
11.) NO / Outer Space
30. Right of innocent passage
31. November 16, 1994 12.) NO/ Sic Utere Tuo ut Alienum non
32. May 08, 1984 Laedas
33. Tomas Cloma
34. Republic Act 9522

1. D
2. C
3. D
4. B
5. C
6. D
7. B
8. A
9. B
10. C