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Question 3

Read the passage below and answer the question that follows.

Self-discipline refers to the training that one gives one’s self to accomplish a certain task or to adopt
a particular pattern of behaviour although one would really rather be doing something else. For
example, denying oneself of one’s favourite cheesecake that is high in calories for an oat biscuit.

On the other hand, willpower is the ability to overcome laziness and procrastination. It is the ability
to control or reject harmful impulses. It is also the ability to arrive to a decision and follow through
with it with perseverance until its successful accomplishment.

Willpower gets stronger by holding back and not allowing the expression of unimportant,
unnecessary and unhealthy thoughts, feelings, actions and reactions. If this saved energy is not
allowed expression, it is stored inside you like a battery and becomes available at the time of need.
In fact, it is one of the corner stones of success, both spiritual and material.

Self-discipline is the companion of will power. It is the assertion of willpower over more base desires.
To some extent, it acts as a substitute for motivation, when one uses reason to determine a best
course of action that opposes one’s desires. It endows us with the stamina to persevere in whatever
one does. It bestows the ability to withstand hardships and difficulties, whether physical, emotional
or mental.

Willpower and self-discipline help us to choose our behaviour and reactions instead of being ruled
by them. With their possession, you will feel in charge of yourself and your surroundings. As such,
you are bound to feel happy and satisfied.

There is a misconception in the public mind regarding willpower. It is thought to be something

strenuous and difficult and that one has to exert and tense the body and mind when expressing it.
This is a completely wrong concept.

It is actually not difficult to develop the two powers of willpower and self-discipline. If you are
earnest and are willing to become stronger, you will certainly succeed. There are exercises and
techniques for developing these abilities. These simple, but effective exercises, can be performed
everywhere and at any time. And by practising them, you develop your powers the same way as a
person who trains his muscles in order to strengthen them. Another effective method is to perform
certain actions or activities, which you would rather avoid doing due to laziness, procrastination,
weakness or shyness.

You need both willpower and self-discipline to rule your thoughts and be the boss of your mind. The
stronger they are, the more control you have over your thoughts and consequently, your powers of
concentration get stronger. When you are the master of your mind, you enjoy inner peace and
happiness. Outer events

do not sway you and circumstances have no power over your peace of mind. This might sound too
unreal for you, but experience will prove to you that this situation can be achieved.
Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

-the importance of having self-discipline and will power

-exercises and techniques for developing them

Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original

Your summary must:

-be in continuous writing form (not in note form)

-use materials from lines 1 to 36

-not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below

Begin your summary as follows:

Self-discipline is the power needed to accomplish a certain task ...


Self-discipline is the power needed to accomplish a certain task or adopt a certain behaviour.
Willpower is the ability to overcome bad habits. By having these two powers, we can achieve
success, both spiritual and material better. Self-discipline is the assertion of willpower. It endows us
with the stamina to persevere in whatever we do. With both, we are able to choose the behaviour
and reactions we want instead of being ruled by them. It is not true that they are difficult to master.
To develop them, we take effort in practising techniques and performing certain actions or activities
that involve determination. The stronger our powers, the more control we have over our thoughts
and powers of concentration get stronger. When this happens, we enjoy inner peace and happiness.
[129 words]