ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to give our gratitude to Number of people, who had driven as to the right path for the project. Without whom, it would have been almost impossible for us to complete this project so, We will pay Our mindful thanks to all of them and only because of them, today we had reached at this stage where we are surely, purely and completely satisfied about our project. Each and every time when we need, Mrs.reena patel helped us, but also guided us and treat us so nicely humbly and lovingly. Therefore, we are very thankful to them we should pay our sincere thanks to Prof. S E Mendhe sir who had also supported us so much through the hole project and provide their necessary guidance to us. We are also very grateful to our whole Electronics & communication Department for there valuable support, whenever we need them. And last but not the least, We would like to thank our Parents, Friends & All those Persons Who have directly or indirectly helped us in this Project & making us Successfully.

With sincere regards from, Dakhara Pradip (07EC072) Keraliya Prakash (07EC076)

ULTRASONIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

ABSTRACT

In order to achieve remote control ultrasonic measurement system, wireless communication technology and ultrasonic measurement techniques are combined to develop infrared-based communication technology ultrasonic distance measurement systems. The entire system of hardware circuits and the achievement of several key technologies are discussed, including transducer structure and parameters of selection, design of the system corresponding circuit. The system is composed of host and slave parts. The slave part is composed of ultrasonic transmitter, infrared communication modules and single-chip component. The host part is composed of host microcontroller, ultrasonic receiver circuit, liquid crystal display circuit and infrared communication module. The host and slave parts transmit data through the infrared communication module. Pic16f873 microcontroller is used as systems main control unit and infrared communications chip for wireless data transmission. The system has low-cost, the implementation of convenient, easy-to-use, convenient, flexible, and reliable transmission of data, and stable performance.

ULTRASONIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

INDEX 

Chapter I««««««««««««««««««««««..1
1.1 INTRODUCTION

1.2 Background 1.3 Project objective 

Chapter II««««««««««««««««««««««2
2.1 IDEA OF THE PROJECT 2.2BLOCK DIAGRAM 2.3 DESCRIPTION 2.4 COMPONENTS DETAILS
2.5 DIODES 2.6 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

2.7 Description 2.8 Time measurement gate circuit 2.9 Measurement pulse oscillator 2.10 Generation circuit of the counter clear pulse and the latch clear pulse 2.11 Circuit of the measurement during the time 2.12 LED display circuit 

Chapter III««««««««««««««««..««««.23
3.0 IC SPECIFICATION 3.1 PIC16F873 3.2 LM358 3.3 78L09 3.4 7-segment latch/decoder/driver: 3.5 DESCRIPTION

ULTRASONIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

3.6 7805 3.7 CD4011B 3.8 Inverters 4069UB 

CHAPTER IV«««««««««««««««««««34
4.1 MA40A5 Ultrasonic Transmitter & Receiver 4.2 Circuit Diagram 4.3 LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS (LCDs) 

CHAPTER V«««««««««««««««««.««42
5.1 APPLICATION 

CHAPTER VI««««««««««««««««.««..47
6.1 CONCLUSION 

CHAPTER VII««««««««««««««««...«..48
7.1 REFERENCES

ULTRASONIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

List of Figure
Figure 2.1: Block diagram««««««««««««««««.. 2 Figure 2.2: Block diagram««««««««««««««.«..... 3 Figure 2.3: Circuit diagram «««««....................................««8 Figure 2.4: Transmitter circuit«««««««««..««««...«9 Figure 2.5: Ultrasonic pulse Ocsi««««««««««««..«10 Figure 2.6: Ultrasonic ocsi««««««««««««««.«....11 Figure 2.7: Ultrasonic sensor driver circuit «««..««..«.«« 12 Figure 2.8: Reciever circuit...«««««««««««.««...«.13 Figure 2.9: Detection circuit «««««««««««.««««14 Figure 2.10: Signal detector «««««««««««.««««.14 Figure 2.11: Graph ««««««««««««««««««.«15 Figure 2.12: Time measurement circuit «««««««...««..«16 Figure 2.13: Measurement pulse oscillator«..«««««...«.«....17 Figure 2.14: Generator circuit «««««««««««..«.«....18 Figure 2.15: Circuit of the measurement during the time «....««..19 Figure 2.16: LED display «««««««««««««.«««..21 Figure 2.17: Power circuit «««««««««««««.«««.21 Figure 3.1: PIC16F873««««««««««««««««......23 Figure 3.2: IC78L09««««««««««««««««««...26 Figure 3.3: 7-Segment Latch «««««««««««.««...«. 27 Figure 3.4: 7-Segment ..««««««««««««««««.«.27 Figure 3.5: 7-Segment LED«««««««««««««.««...28 Figure 3.6: 7-Segment Display ««««««««««««««...28

ULTRASONIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

Figure 3.7: IC7805««««««««««««««««««....29 Figure 3.8: ICCD401««««««««««««««««««.30 Figure 3.9: Transistor TO92 package ««««..«««««...«..31 Figure 3.10: 1SS016««««««««««««««««««...32 Figure 4.1: continuous transmitter circuit ««««««««.««35 Figure 4.2: Receiver circuit «««««««««««.««««35 Figure 4.3: Liquid crystal display «««««««««.«««..36 Figure 4.4: Block diagram of LCD««««««««««««..37 Figure 4.5: Block diagram of LCD «««««««««.«««38 Figure 5.1: Application 1 «««««««««««««.««...42 Figure 5.2: Application 2««««««««««««««....«.43 Figure 5.3: Application 3«««««««««««««.«««44 Figure 5.4: Application 4«««««««««««.«««..«...45 Figure 5.5: Application 5«««««««««««««««.....46

ULTRASONIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

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