CLASSICAL MYTHOLOGY

MOL 210.201 Winter 2007, Tu, Th 11:50-1:20 McGaw 313A Instructor: Peter DeRousse, Ph.D. Office: McGaw 300A Telephone: (773) 325-1881

pderouss@depaul.edu

Office Hours: Tu 1:30-2:30, W 10:00-11:00 and by appointment COURSE DESCRIPTION This literature course uses a cross-cultural comparative approach in order to introduce the primary translated texts that preserve classical Greek and Roman myths. The course is organized: according to several broad categories which roughly trace the stages of life: birth, humanity/divinity, nature/culture, individual/society, procreation, death and the afterlife. Non-Greco-Roman myths are used for illustrative purposes, as are images of material culture. Emphasis is placed on the stories themselves, their structures, stock themes, compositional features, the distinction between oral story telling (mythos) and written story telling (logos), and the effect of transmission from the former to the latter. We will learn to read myths as an expression of theological beliefs, political leanings, and profound psychological and social forces that have survived to influence western civilization. An ongoing theme will be how and why the same story can be told in revised form down through the ages, whether in contemporary art, literature or film. OBJECTIVES The aims of this course are threefold: a) to learn to critically evaluate primary sources within their social and historical context; b) to learn to analyze and compare myths according to plot, character and structural features c) to develop writing and public speaking skills. Emphasis will be on ancient primary evidence. From this foundation, students will be able to critically evaluate versions of classical myths that persist until our own day in a variety of media, as well as some theories of modern scholars who have sought to explain the nature of myth. COURSE STRUCTURE I use lectures in order to expand upon assigned readings and to introduce basic facts and methods. Essays are meant to help students to formulate their own thoughts about key topics and to encourage class discussion. In order to benefit from the course, your active participation in these discussions and in occasional group work is necessary, and expected.

Books: 1. S. Dalley, trans, Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others (Oxford World Classics, 1989) = MM 2. H. Evelyn-White, trans., Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, and Homerica (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1982) = HHH 3. R. Humphries, trans., Ovid, Metamorphoses (Indiana University Press Bloomington, 1983) = Met. 4. A. Weissman, trans., Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound (New York, Dover Publications, 1995) 5. D. Green and R. Lattimore, trans., Sophocles I : Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone; The Complete Greek Tragedies, Vol. 1 (Chicago, University of Chicago, Press, 1992) 6. S. Appelbaum, trans., Euripides, Bacchae (New York, Dover Publications, 1997) 7. R. Warner, trans., Euripides, Medea (New York, Dover Publications, 1993) Optional: 1. M. Morford, Classical Mythology (Oxford University Press, 1998) 2. M. L. West, Homeric Hymns, Homeric Apocrypha, Lives of Homer (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2003)

[16] Introduction: Sources; Theseus and the Minotaur; Some Characteristics of Myth READ: Met., p. 1-16 Cosmogony [38+49] Deucalion and Pyrrha; Hesiod’s Theogony READ: HHH 78-155 Enuma Elish, Genesis Group Work: Comparison of the Four Creation Myths READ: MM 228-277; Genesis 1.1-1.10 Divine and Human [42+28] The Olympians; The Homeric Hymn to Dionysus; The Homeric Hymn to Delean Apollo; The Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo; The Homeric Hymn to Hermes READ: HHH 429-433, 325-405 The Eleusinian Mysteries and the Homeric Hymn to Demeter READ: HHH 289-325; Met., p. 118-128 The Tragic Hero [31+41] Hesiod’s Works and Days READ: 3-65 Gilgamesh READ: MM 36-77 The Tragic Hero [47+8] Gilgamesh; Milman Perry’s Theory of Formulaic Composition READ: MM 78-135; Handout Milman Perry’s Theory of Formulaic Composition; The Epic Cycle; Hero Cult; Herakles READ: Met., p. 212-219 Civilization and its Discontents [1 play] Prometheus READ: Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound Enlightenment [1.5 plays] Oedipus; Echo and Narcissus READ: Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex; Met. 67-73 Bacchic Cult in Classical Athens [1 play] Euripides’ Bacchae READ: Met. 73-80; Euripides’ Bacchae Settling Down [1.5 plays] Euripides’ Bacchae; Jason and Medea READ: Euripides’ Bacchae; Met., 153-167; Euripides’ Medea Group Work: Trial of Medea; Tereus, Procne and Philomela READ: Euripides’ Medea; Met. 143-152 “What is a Classic?” [51+18]

The Augustan Revolution; Apollo and Daphne; Jove and Io; Phaethon; Jove in Arcady; The Raven; Ocyrhoe; Mercury; Envy; Europa; Cadmus; Actaeon; Semele; Tiresias READ: Met., 16-67 The Augustan Revolution; Pyramus and Thisbe; Mars and Venus; Leucothoe; Salmacis; The End of the Daughters of Minyas; Athamas and Ino; Minerva and Arachne; READ: 81-99 Alexandrian Poetics [45+31] Nissus and Scylla; Daedalus and Icarus; Eurysichthon; Caunus and Byblis; Orpheus and Eurydice; Cyparissus; Ganymede; Apollo and Hyacinthus; Venus’ Anger; Pygmalion; Cinyras and Myrrha; Adonis; Atalanta; Building of the Walls of Troy READ: Met., p. 181-190, 204-208, 223-229, 234-258, 265-266 Death of Orpheus; Midas; Ajax an Ulysses; After the Fall of Troy; The Pilgrimage of Aeneas; The Pilgrimage of Aeneas Resumed; The Pilgrimage of Aeneas Resumed (again); The Narrative of Diomedes; Venulus; the Diefication of Aeneas; Legendary History of Rome READ: Met., p. 259-265, 305-320, 326-327; 340-344; 352-357 Death and Afterlife [16] Numa; Myscelus; Pythagoras; the Deification of Caesar; Epilogue; Review READ: Met., p. 367-379; 388-392