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Bestlink College of the Philippines

Lot 1 Ipo Road Brgy, Minuyan Proper City of San Jose Del Monte Bulacan

National Service
Training Program
Georgie Arellano Cayabyab


The main objective of National Training Service Program is to promote the

role of the youth in nation-building, it aims to encourage the youth to
become civic and/or military leaders and volunteers whom could be called
upon by the nation in cases their services are needed. it is a Law otherwise
known as Republic Act 9163 or the NSTP Act of 2001, refers to the
program aimed at enhancing civic consciousness and defence preparedness
in the youth, by developing their ethics of service and patriotism while
undergoing training in any of the three (3) ... A valuable and effective
member of the National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC) who may serve as
agent in attaining quality of life, sustain peace, unity, cooperation, and
growth of the target communities.


Treading water and the hanging float are very important skills for water
survival. They can be used while waiting for help to arrive and as resting
positions when swimming to safety. The hanging float should not be used
in cold water. Floating on water is one of the most important things that a
person needs to learn, it can save our lives in case the ship has sunk or
has a very good prospect. Learning to swim is not just about learning the
competitive strokes but about developing a range of skills in
personal survival, water safety and basic rescue. ... Personal
aquatic survival skills include: Sculling. Treading water. Learning to swim
challenging yet very rewarding. It provides opportunities for recreational
activities and a healthy lifestyle ,att also provides skills that may one day
save a life. Learning to swim is nt just about learning the competitive
stroke but about developing a range of skills in personal survival, water
safety and basic rescue. In fact , the survival aspects so considered


Water Comfort
The most basic and essential swimming skill is simply becoming
comfortable in the water. Although humans are born with innate water
skills, many people develop a fear of the water. When unintentional
submersion occurs, panicking gets in the way of logical thinking and
increases the likelihood of drowning. To become more comfortable in the
water, spend time in a shallow pool or wading in the ocean. Never enter
the water alone, especially if you are not a strong swimmer.
Breath Control
Breathing is often difficult for novice swimmers. With water all around,
having some water enter the nose and mouth is a common occurrence.
Some novice swimmers panic at the feeling of water in their noses, while
others have trouble holding their breath while submerged. Learning to
control your breathing is a key component in learning to swim.
Breath control begins with simple exercises such as drawing a breath,
submerging, blowing bubbles and then resurfacing for another breath. As
your swimming skills improve, you will learn specific breathing techniques
for different strokes. Work with a swimming coach or a friend or relative
who is a strong swimmer.
Floating, or keeping your body in a horizontal position in the water, is a
basic water skill. If you accidentally fall in the water, you may be able to
float until you are rescued, even if you are not strong enough to swim to
safety. Humans are naturally buoyant, and floating is not difficult. Like any
other skill, however, floating does require a bit of technique. Get lessons
from a coach or a competent friend or relative.
Kicking provides propulsion through the water. Once you are comfortable
with floating, kicking is the logical next step. Kicking is also used in
treading water, which is the process of remaining in one place while
keeping your head above the water line. Many coaches use kickboards, or
flat flotation devices made of foam or plastic, to support the swimmer’s
body. A kickboard allows you to focus solely on your kicking technique
without worrying about staying afloat.
Strokes are the arm movements used to pull the body through the water.
The front crawl, sidestroke, breast stroke, backstroke and butterfly are the
five most common swimming strokes. Each stoke uses different body
positioning, breathing techniques and arm movements. Training with a
qualified swimming coach is the best way to learn the various strokes.

Swim to Survive does not re- place traditional swimming lessons;

rather it provides the essential self-rescue skills to enable a person
to survive an unexpected fall into deep water. Swim to Survive focuses on
achieving a single skill sequence (roll into deep water, tread water for one
minute and swim 50 metres).

Personal aquatic survival skills include:

 Sculling
 Treading water
 Fl oating
 Safe entry and exit from the water
 Clothed swimming survival techniques
 Use of devices to assist rescue
 Basic swimming skills
 Water Comfort. The most basic and essential swimming skill is simply
becoming comfortable in the water
 Breath Control. Breathing is often difficult for novice swimmers. ...
 Floating. Floating, or keeping your body in a horizontal position in the
water, is a basic water skill
 Kicking
 Strokes
 Diving
 Breaststroke
 Coordination
 Gliding
 Breathing



Water sports can range from high-adrenaline activities, such as

windsurfing, kite surfing, waka ama and white water kayaking, to more
leisurely activities such as sailing, sea kayaking and fishing – and
everything in between. You need to give your child the chance
to learn to swim. The most important reason is that swimming is the only
sport which can save your child's life. ... Drowning is still one of the most
common causes of accidental death in children, so being able to swim is an
essential life-saving skill. Water activities can help a person to achieve the
physical activity recommendations for New Zealanders. Water activities can
include some or all of the four types of activity important for wellbeing and
overall quality of life – aerobic, balance, flexibility and strength. It is
important to choose activities that cover some or all of the activity types,
particularly as we get older.


There is a lot of activities in water and I gathered some examples here that
I get in internet.

 Sailling
Jibing or gybing is a sailing maneuver by which a sailingcraft turns its
stern past the eye of the wind so that the apparent wind changes
from one side to the other, allowing progress on the opposite tack.
As with tacking, the type ofsailing rig dictates the procedures and
constraints for jibing.

 Kite surfing
In this stage you need to control the kite flying with two hands and
with just one hand, which will help you when going into the water
holding the kite and the board at the same time. Body dragging is
the processof using the kite to propel you through the water in a
desired direction without the use of a board.

 Scuba diving
The dive certification process is quite simple. It involves classroom
time, confined water dives, and open water dives. You'll learn a lot in
a short amount of time, but be sure to really understand it all
because knowledge makes diving enjoyable and safe.

 Purpose

 Purpose
The morning camp activities have drawn to a close. Lunch has been
prep'ed, cook, and consumed.
Everyone starts to settle in around the campfire to relax.
Suddenly, there is the "SNAP" of a twig...there's rustling in the woods.
The peacefulness of camp has been broken. Wildlife is on the prowl.

 Process
A continuous, perfectly round, rope ring can be made by unwinding and
rewinding individual strands of a rope without the need for a bulky knot or
splice. Whether you use them to secure your Nalgene water bottle to your
pack or slip them over your lantern's propane tanks to keep them from
banging into each other: Rope Rings can be made on-site and are a nice
addition to your camp gear portfolio.

 Puropse

A ropes course is a challenging outdoor personal development and team

building activity which usually consists of high
and/or low elements. Low elements take place on the ground or above the
ground. High elements are usually constructed in trees or made of utility
poles and require a belay for safety.

 Process
Thread the line so that its middle is centered through the anchor and both
ends reach the ground. To safeguard against the deadly consequences
of rappelling off the end of the ropes, tie a figure-eight knot in the end of
each rope. These “stopper” knots will jam in your rappel device,
stopping your rappel. Transverse process is a small bony projection off the
right and left side of each vertebrae. The two transverse processes of
eachvertebrae function as the site of attachment for muscles and ligaments
of the spineas well as the point of articulation of the ribs (in the
thoracic spine).

 Purpose

I use "Acid River" as an outdoor opening activity to warm up the group and
as a foreshadowing of our work on The Five Practices. It also requires
people to get into each other's personal space which helps open them up
and begin to connect with each other more quickly.

This activity can be used to stimulate insights around problem solving,

strategy, challenging, collaboration, teamwork, communication, mutual
support, encouragement, and celebration.

 Process

Gather everyone on one bank of the river and have them divide into teams
of 4-8 people each. Give everyone a "stepping stone" — a manila folder.
Tell them that the objective of the exercise is to get everyone in the group
safely across the imaginary river without anyone falling in. they are
individual teams but they are all part of one larger organization. Describe
the rules of the activity (see below) and answer any of their questions.
Teams have 5 minutes to brainstorm possible strategies for crossing the
river. They may practice, if they choose, on the starting bank but not in the
river (between the two rope/tape lines). Call time after 5 minutes of
planning, bring the teams to the starting bank, remind them of their
objective (to all step onto the opposite bank in unison), tell them they have
15 minutes to reach the other side and start them on their way.

 Purpose

Relays and Other Fun Racing Games. The basic premise of any type
of relay raceis that there are teams competing against each other. ... This
can be done by tagging the team member or passing a baton or other
object. A winner is determined by the team that has every member
complete the relay first. The basic premise of any type of relay race is that
there are teams competing against each other. Each team should consist of
the same number of people. It is called a relay because each member of
the team has a turn to complete a portion of the race before "relaying" the
next portion to the next team member. This can be done by tagging the
team member or passing a baton or other object. A winner is determined
by the team that has every member complete the relay first.

 Process

A relay race is a track and field event in which athletes run a pre-set
distance carrying a baton before passing it onto the next runner. Often,
a relay team is a team of four sprinters. In athletics, the two
standard relays are the 4x100 meterrelay and the 4x400 meter relay.
Medley relay events are also occasionally held in track meets, usually
consisting of teams of four runners running progressively longer distances.
The distance medley relay consists of four legs run at distances of 1200,
400, 800, and 1,600 metres, in that order.

 Purpose

Those who startup microenterprises are usually referred to

as entrepreneurs.Micro-loans are a way for organizations
and entrepreneurs to make small loans to those in poverty often in third
world countries. The term "micro-loans" is more commonly referred to as
Microcredit. A microenterprise is a small business that employs a small
number of employees. A microenterprise will usually operate with fewer
than 10 people and is started with a small amount of capital. Most
microenterprises specialize in providing goods or services for their local
 Process

can be defined as the steps taken in order to establish a new enterprise. It

is a step-by-step method, one has to follow to set up an enterprise. There
are mainly five steps one needs to follow. These steps are − Preliminary
steps. The entrepreneurial process is a set of stages and events that follow
one another. These entrepreneurial process stages are: the idea or
conception of the business, the event that triggers the operations,
implementation and growth.

 Purpose

Internationally, most microenterprises are family businesses employing one

or two persons. Most microenterprise owners are primarily interested in
earning a living to support themselves and their families. They only grow
the business when something in their lives changes and they need to
generate a larger income. This is a type of a small business that may we
will bring in to the good sides of our future.

 Process

Not having enough capital is often the reason for not starting a business;
after all, it takes money to make money. Why not start small and be a
microentrepreneur? Some businesses might require a capital of P5,000 or
less. It might just be that it takes a small business to start your big

With hard work and lots of referrals, your micro-enterprise may become
the start of something big.

The most exciting part of microentrepreneurship—defined as “the selling or

sharing of one’s personal commodities or skills”—today is that more online
platforms are available for anyone who is looking for job independence, is
frustrated with the 9-to-5 grind, is looking to earn more money on the side,
or is simply looking to gain more professional experience.

Websites like Fiverr (—where anyone can offer a product or

service for $5 (about P200) or more, and which bills itself as “the world’s
largest marketplace for small services”—as well as Airbnb (vacation
rentals), Taskrabbit (home services), Uber (car service), and Etsy
(handmade goods), have exploded in the so-called “freelance economy.”
Even new sites like Skillshare (education), LooseCubes (co-working),
Getaround (cars), RelayRides (cars) and Vayable (tours and activities) are
growing rapidly.

“What defines this new economy is that it’s built on the empowerment of
individuals and the technology that enables this,” says Jamie Wong,
Vayable’s founder and CEO. “It’s allowing individuals to create their own
jobs. It’s a celebration of life and time, and a shift in perspective of money.
Technology now provides an opportunity for people anywhere in the world
to monetize their passions.”

Closer to home, Pinoy micro-‘treps have taken advantage of

and even Facebook and Twitter to peddle their goods to the world. If you
still need hints for your own micro-enterprise, look at these examples:

Make homemade snacks and finger foods: Items such as chocolate

munchkins, chocolate crinkles, polvoron, empanada, and siomai don’t need
a lot of doing.
Provide tutorial services: Savvy university students already know that
English language learners are a steady market of tutees. Busy parents of
elementary and high school students are also on the lookout for good
tutors, especially in math and English, for their children.

 Purpose

Because the liquid is generally mild, it is frequently a better choice as an

all-purpose cleaner than other harsher chemicals. Discover the
multiple uses of thedishwashing liquid, which can lend so much more help
around the house than you think. A gentledishwashing liquid makes an
amazingly effective floor cleaner

 Process

1 1/4 cups boiling water.

1/4 cup castile soap bar (grated, and tightly packed)
1 tablespoon washing soda (use a little more for a thicker soap.
1/4 cup liquid castile soap.
10-30 drops essential oil (optional; I use 20 drops orange and 10 drops tea


 Purpose

Its purpose is often decorative though it can also be used to mask

undesirable features in the clay to which it is applied.

 Process

is the process of forming vessels and other objects with clay and
other ceramic materials, which are fired to give them a hard, durable
form. Major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain. The
place where such wares are made by a potter is also called a pottery

 Purpose

Whether natural or man-made, children are the most vulnerable when a

disaster strikes. More than half of the people who are affected by disasters
are children. It is our calling to protect the well-being of children affected by
disasters. Disaster management aims to reduce, or avoid, the potential
losses from hazards, assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims
of disaster, and achieve rapid and effective recovery.

 Process

A disaster is any event, natural or man-caused, which creates an intense

negative impact on people, goods and services, and/or the environment,
and exceeds the affected community’s internal capability to respond,
prompting the need to seek outside assistance.

 Purpose

CPR is performed to restore and maintain breathing and circulation and to

provide oxygen and blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs.
CPR can be performed by trained laypeople or healthcare professionals on
infants, children, adolescents, and adults. CPR should be performed if an
infant, child, or adolescent is unconscious and not breathing. Respiratory
and cardiac arrest can be caused by allergic reactions, an ineffective
heartbeat, asphyxiation, breathing passages that are blocked, chocking,
drowning, drug reactions or overdoses, electric shock, exposure to cold,
severe shock, or trauma. In newborns, the most common cause
of CARDIOPULMONARY ARREST is respiratory failure caused by SUDDEN
INFANT DEATH SYNDROME (SIDS), airway obstruction (usually from
inhalation of a foreign body), sepsis, NEUROLOGIC disease, or drowning.
Cardiac arrest in children over one year of age is most commonly caused
by shock and/or respiratory failure resulting from an accident or injury.

 Process

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) consists of the use of chest

compressions and artificial ventilation to maintain circulatory flow and
oxygenation during cardiac arrest (see the images below). Although
survival rates and neurologic outcomes are poor for patients with cardiac
arrest, early appropriate resuscitation—involving early defibrillation—and
appropriate implementation of post–cardiac arrest care lead to improved
survival and neurologic outcomes.

 Purpose

Other bandages are used without dressings, such as elastic bandages that
are used to reduce swelling or provide support to a sprained ankle. Tight
bandages can be used to slow blood flow to an extremity, such as when a
leg or arm is bleeding heavily.

 Process

First Aid: Bandaging

 Dress the wound. Put on gloves or use other protection to avoid contact
with the victim's blood. ...
 Cover the bandage. Wrap roller gauze or cloth strips over the dressing and
around the wound several times. ...
 Secure the bandage. Tie or tape the bandage in place. ...
 Check circulation.

 Purpose

Is a procedure moving a victim from a dangerous to safe place. The

procedure of moving a victim from a safe place to a safer place is
called Emergency transfer.
1. Ensure or maintenance of an open airway.
2. Control of severe bleeding.
3. Moving victim as one unit and in proper body position.
4. Methods of ERT should be safe, comfortable and fast.
5. Check victim's condition regularly before, during and after the
6. Immobilization of injured body parts before extrication and
7. Taller first aider must stay at the head part of the victim.

 Process

1. With victim lying down, hook your elbows under.

2. their armpits.
3. Raise them to a standing position.
4. Place your right leg between the victim's legs.
5. Grab the victim's right hand with your left.
6. Squat and wrap your right arm around the victim's.
7. right knee.
8. Stand and raise the victim's right thigh over you.

 Purpose

A shelter is a basic architectural structure or building that provides

protection from the local environment. Having a place of shelter, of safety
and of retreat, i.e. a home, is commonly considered a fundamental
physiological human need, the foundation from which to develop higher
human motivations.

 Process

First of all, location is key. Aside from the normal criteria which
includes avoiding low spots, steering clear of standing dead trees,
etc….proximity to materials can save a lot of time and energy.
Take the time to find a spot that feels right.
For construction, the first thing you'll need to build a survival
shelter is a strong ridegepole that is at least a little taller than you
are with your arm stretched above your head. You'll also need
something for one end of the ridgepole to securely rest on—a
stump, boulder, fork of a tree, some kind of prop. The other end
rests on the ground. At the high end, the ridgepole should be at
about hip height.
Once your ridgepole is in place, you'll need ribbing. Lean the ribs
against the ridgepole fairly close together leaving a door at the
high end. Once ribs are in place, crawl inside feet first checking to
see that you have a little room to move, but that it is still snug and
cozy. If your survival shelter is too big, you will have trouble
staying warm. Imagine you are making a sleeping bag out of
natural materials!

Next, add a layer of lattice, something to act as a net to hold debris

in place when it is piled on next. Brush and twiggy branches may
work well. The debris that you have available can help determine
how small the spaces in your lattice can be.
The structure is now in place and it is time for the essential
component of insulation. Of all the things you'll learn about how
to build a survival shelter, not having enough insulation on a cold
night will teach you quickly what is required. Get ready to shuffle
your feet or make yourself a rake and start gathering debris! For
good insulation, you'll want material that can trap air. Obviously,
dry material is optimal. Pile on your leaves, ferns, grass, or other
available debris.
Keep piling, keep piling, go for TWO FEET THICK or more if
you might get rained on. Be sure to close up the door area so that
you have just enough room to squeeze in without disturbing the
structure. Crawl in to see how your cocoon feels. Finish up your
insulation by adding some small branches that will hold the debris
in case of wind, maintaining as much loft as possible.
Now that the outer layer is complete, it is time to stuff your
primitive survival shelter with dry soft debris. If you only have
wet leaves, use them anyway, you may get wet, but you can still
be warm. Once your shelter is full of debris, wiggle in to compress
a space for your body. Add more debris as needed, and don't
forget the foot area! Fill up the spaces if you are concerned about
being cold. Before you crawl in for the night in your primitive
shelter, gather a pile of leaves near the door so that you can close
yourself in most of the way.

 Purpose

The purpose of any river crossing is to project combat power across a

water obstacle to accomplish a mission. A river crossing is a unique
operation. It requires specific procedures for success because the water
obstacle prevents normal ground maneuver.

 Process

minimize the river's impact on the commander's ability to maneuver. The

force is vulnerable while crossing, as it must break its movement
formations, concentrate at crossing points, and reform on the far shore
before continuing to maneuver. The tactical commander cannot effectively
fight his force while it is split by a river. He must reduce this vulnerability by
decreasing his force's exposure time. The best method is to cross rivers in
stride as a continuation of the tactical operation, whether in the offense or
retrograde. Only as a last resort should the force pause to build up combat
power or crossing means before crossing.

 Purrpose

Weight training is a common type of strength training for developing the

strength and size of skeletal muscles. It utilizes the force of gravity in
the form of weighted bars, dumbbells or weight stacks in order to oppose
the force generated by muscle through concentric or eccentric contraction .

 Process

Example of lifting
Do a seated shoulder press.
1. Lift the dumbbells so that they are at shoulder height with your palms facing
2. Push the dumbbells straight in the air. Your elbows should come close to
locking but do not lock.
3. Hold the dumbbells in the air for a moment and then slowly lower them
back to your shoulders.

 Purpose
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing
the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the
purpose of providing passage over the obstacle, usually something
that can be detrimental to cross otherwise .

 Purpose

Multitasking entails juggling different work activities and shifting attention

from one task to another

. The danger in multitasking is that effectiveness can be compromised if

the worker tries to carry out too many tasks at the same time

 Process
 Plan Ahead Don’t wait until you are in the middle of the first task to
decide what else you want to accomplish.
 Don’t Lose Focus With multiple things demanding your attention at
work, it’s easy to lose track of tasks. Deal with the pressure by

 Divide Your Time There are certain tasks which you should include
among your core responsibilities.
 Use Available Tools There are lots of tools and apps available to
help you accomplish multiple tasks at the same time .
 Manage Distractions at Work In the modern workplace,
interruptions are aplenty. Avoid distractions like ringing phones and
noisy colleagues to get multiple tasks done efficiently .

 Purpose

 Challenge the group to see how fast they can get the marble through
the obstacle course. Time the group, and ask them to "tender" for
how fast they think they can really do it. Then give them another go.
Requires debriefing.
 For added problem solving under pressure, do not give the pipes and
marble to the group during planning time.
 Can be done indoors with a height factor involved. Explain that the
marble is stuck to a point on the wall with blue tack and their job is
to 'rescue' it and bring it down safely to a container on the floor. Use
the gutters more like a ramp, and perhaps give one less gutter than
the distance. Once they are set up, allow the marble to be released
from the blue tack.

 Process

As facilitator, you can control how hard or easy to make this task.
You can take them over obstacles, down stairs, around trees, etc. If,
for example, the group is in the forming stage, put only one minor
obstacle in the path and create opportunity for fairly instant
experiential success of teamwork. If the team is functioning
cohesively, make the obstacle course longer and harder and more
physically challenging in order to deepen their experience of what
they can achieve together.
 Brief the participants on the start line and the finish point (a
distinctive container is helpful), and give them any extra rules you
may wish to add to the task, such as: every person must carry the
marble at least once; participants need to take turns in a certain
order; or both feet must remain on the floor at all times-get creative
if you want to add challenge.
 Give the group the pipes and the marble and 5 minutes planning
 Allow the group several attempts if you have the time and they have
the motivation, or keep it to one attempt and draw out the key points
in the debrief.