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INTRODUCTION

The models 6009 ATCR, 6009 ATCRL and 6010 GAICR disc harrows are developed
to work in any kind of soil, with excellent performance from light to medium
application.
The appropriate frame design, is made of bent steel plates joined by a good
penetration and fine finishing work welding process, with tough parts in the
mechanical load concentrations.
These harrows transportation are made through an efficient wheelwork system
integrated on tires and hydraulic cylinder, facilitating the long distance transportation.
This wheelwork system also contributes for the operations by the fast and precise
working depth control, as well as it facilitates the accomplishment of maneuvers
during the service.
This Manual contains the necessary information for the best harrows performance.
The operator must read carefully the whole manual before operating for the first time
and be aware for safety recommendations.

Caution: SOME PICTURES MAY SHOW SHIELDS REMOVED FOR PURPOSES OF CLARITY.
NEVER OPERATE THIS EQUIPMENT WITHOUT ALL SHIELDS IN PLACE AND IN
GOOD OPERATIONAL CONDITION.

The operator must be familiar with the implement, tractor operation and all
associated safety practices before operating them. Proper operation of the
implement, as detailed in this manual, will help ensure years of safe and satisfactory
use of the disc harrow.
This manual is provided to give you the necessary operating and maintenance
instructions for keeping your harrow in top operating condition. Please read this
manual thoroughly.
This manual should be remaining with the implement when you trade or sell it.
In case your manual should become lost or destroyed, please contact your dealer
to get a new copy.
For further information or in the event of any technical assistance problem, please
contact your dealer who, along with the Technical Assistance Department of the
factory guarantees the proper functioning of your TATU Disc Harrows.

1
INDEX
FOR THE OWNER ................................................................................................................... 3
FOR THE OPERATOR ....................................................................................................... 4 & 5
Operation Safety ................................................................................................ 4 to 6
Hauling the Equipment Over Long Distances ....................................................... 6
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS....................................................................................... 7 to 9
COMPONENTS ............................................................................................................ 10 & 11
ASSEMBLY / SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS .......................................................................... 12 to 24
General Instructions ................................................................................................. 12
How to use the wrenches ........................................................................................ 13
Mounting Main Gangs .................................................................................. 13 to 16
Instruction to Assemble the Disc Gangs ...................................................... 17 & 18
Assembling of Disc Gangs on Gang Carriers ...................................................... 19
Scrapers Assembling ................................................................................................ 20
Mounting Gang Carriers at Mainframe ............................................................... 21
Mounting Wheel Assemblies ................................................................................... 21
Adjustment of the Bearing to Wheel Assemblies ................................................. 22
Mounting the Drawbar ............................................................................................ 23
Installing Hydraulic Hoses ............................................................................... 23 & 24
ADJUSTING AND OPERATION ................................................................................. 25 to 31
Tractor Set-up ............................................................................................................ 25
Hitching Tractor to the Disc Harrow ....................................................................... 25
Important Recomendations ................................................................................... 26
Depth of Cut / Gang Angles Adjustments ........................................................... 27
Depth of Cut / Cylinder Rod Stops (Optional) .................................................... 28
Tractor's Position in relation to Previous Passing - Side Displacement ..... 28 & 29
Drawbar Angles ........................................................................................................ 29
How to Start the Discing ........................................................................................... 30
Operation / Main Instructions ................................................................................. 31
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION ........................................................................ 32 to 34
Lubrication Points ............................................................................................. 33 & 34
Maintenance of the Harrow ................................................................................... 34
MAINTENANCE .................................................................................................................... 35
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................ 35
IMPORTANT DATA ...................................................................................................... 36 to 38
How to Calculate Hourly Performance of the Harrow ....................................... 36
Theoretical Average Performance Tables .................................................. 37 & 38
IMPORTANT .......................................................................................................................... 39

2
FOR THE OWNER
CONGRATULATIONS! You have invested in a TATU product from Marchesan S/
A, a Brazilian based company established in 1946. Marchesan S/A is the leading
manufacturer of Farm Equipment in the Southern Hemisphere, TATU quality products
are exported to many countries in Latin America, North America and other regions
where subtropical farming technology is required.
The original purchaser of any TATU product is entitled to the following:
- Certificate of guarantee;
- Instruction manual;
- Technical explanation by the retailer.
It is the responsibility of the owner to check the condition of the product on
receipt of it and to check the terms of the guarantee.
Special attention should be paid to the Safety Precautions and to the product
operation and maintenance guidelines.
The instructions in this manual indicate the optimum usage and should ensure
maximum results and increase the life of this product.
This manual should be read by all persons operating and maintaining this
equipment.

Important: ONLY THOSE PERSONS WHO ARE FULLY TRAINED IN THE USE OF THE
TRACTOR AND ATTACHMENTS SHOULD TRANSPORT OR OPERATE THEM.
MARCHESAN IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DAMAGE ARISING FROM
INCORRECT OR IMPROPER TRANSPORTATION, USE OR STORAGE OF ITS
PRODUCTS, WHETHER BY NEGLIGENCE AND/OR INEXPERIENCE OF ANY
PERSON.
MARCHESAN IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGE CAUSED DUE TO
UNFORESEEN CIRCUMSTANCES OR USAGE OTHER THAN FOR WHICH THE
EQUIPMENT WAS INTENDED.

General Information

To obtain parts or technical assistance it is necessary to provide the details


displayed on the identification plate which is located on the front gang carrier.

Note: ALTERATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS OF THE PRODUCT WHICH ARE DONE


WITHOUT THE EXPRESS PERMISSON OF MARCHESAN S/A, AS WELL AS THE USE
OF NON-ORIGINAL REPLACEMENT PARTS, WILL VOID THE GUARANTEE.

3
FOR THE OPERATOR
OPERATOR

Dear User !
Respect the Ecology. Do
not throw the trash away.
This gesture of goodwill
helps to protect our
Environment.

Disposing fluids onto the ground


directly affects the environment.
Educate yourself about the correct
way to dispose of these pollutants by
taking them to recycling centers.

Operation Safety

- ONLY WITH A COMPLETE CO-OPERATION OF EQUIPMENT OPERATOR THE


ACCIDENTS CAN BE AVOIDED.
- THIS SYMBOL IS A WARNING DEVICE WHICH SHOULD BE KEPT IN PLACE,
CLEAN AND VISIBLE, WHEN TRANSPORTING THE IMPLEMENT DURING THE
DAY OR NIGHT. USE ACESSORY LIGHTS AND OTHER DEVICES IN ORDER
TO GIVE ADEQUATE WARNING TO OTHER VEHICLES
The TATU Disk Harrows are easy to operate, therefore some basic and
indispensable cares are required on their handling.
Have always on mind that safety requires constant attention, observation and
prudence during the operation, transport, maintenance and storage of the
equipment.

Important: PRACTICE ALL USUAL AND CUSTOMARY SAFE WORKING PRECAUTIONS


AND ABOVE ALL - REMEMBER SAFETY IS UP TO YOU. ONLY YOU CAN
PREVENT SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM UNSAFE PRACTICES.

Become familiar
Read the Instruction with all the equip-
Manual. Failure to ment’s controls and
read the Instruction all the caution,
Manual is consi- warning and dan-
dered a misuse of ger decals affixed
this equipment. to the equipment
before attempting
to start or operate.

4
FOR THE OPERATOR
OPERATOR
Never use your Never attempt to
hands to check
change the
hydraulic leaks.
adjustments, clean
Escaping hydraulic
or lubricate the
oil under pressure
may have sufficient implement when in
force to penetrate movement.
the skin causing
personal injury.

Be careful when Be careful with the


moving around use of fertilizer or
steep graders to chemicals.
avoid overturn. These products in
contact with skin
may cause
personal injury to
the body.

Never transport
Keep the
the implement on
entrances and
rough roads during
places acessible to
the night. When
work, clean and
operating, avoid to
free of the oil and
make sharp turns
grease to prevent
that may cause tire
accidents. to make contact
with the implement.

Use extreme
Never allow riders
caution when
on the tractor or
circulating with the
implement unless implement under
an additional seat electrical power
is available. lines, any contact
may result in severe
shock, injury or
death.

In order to protect
yourself always Always use the
wear adequate cylinder transport
clothes and shoes locks when
during the transporting the
operations. implements.

5
FOR THE OPERATOR
OPERATOR

- During the operation or transport, do not allow riders on the tractor or


harrow. Serious personal injuries may result from falling in the path of
harrow while in operation or transport.
- Be sure that everyone is standing clear before operating the harrow.
- Use individual equipments for your own protection.
- The blades are sharp and may cut hands, legs, etc. Wear gloves when
handling the blades or gang assemblies.
- Wear clothes and adequate shoes. Avoid large or loosen clothes that may
entangle on the movable parts.
- Get a full knowledge of the terrain before starting the discing. Identify
the danger places or the obstacles.
- Never transport the harrow at speeds greater than 7.5 miles/h (12 km/h).
Reduce speed and pay attention on turns, bridges, rough roads, and
other adverse conditions.
- Be careful when hitching the harrow to the tractor. Hands or fingers may
be injured when caught between the hitch and the tractor.
- Be sure that bystanders are standing clear before placing the harrow on
transport position.
- Shut the tractor off before leaving the tractor's seat.
- Only operate the harrow with tractor of appropriate power.
- Pay attention on the transport width when driving in narrow places.
- Be careful when transporting the harrow on public roads. The harrow,
depending on the size, may be wider than a highway lane.
- When disconnect the disc harrow move it to a level area; preferably a
hard surface, on the field or at the warehouse.

Hauling the Equipment Over Long Distances

- Use adequate ramps to load and unload the equipment. Do not attempt
to load on a slope as serious accidents could happens.
- When loading is done with a crane, attach the hoist at the appropriate
points.
- Ensure that the harrow is adequately secured.
- Use sufficient fastenings (ropes, chains, cord, etc...) to immobilize the harrow
during transport.
- Check the condition of the cargo after the first 5-7 miles (8-11 kilometres)
of the journey, then at 50-70 miles (80-110 kilometres) intervals check to
ensure that the fastenings have not become loose. Check the load more
frequently on bumpy roads.
- Always be alert. Pay attention to headroom clearance, especially when
passing underneath electricity cables, viaducts, etc...
- Always check applicable laws regarding height and width limits for loads.
If necessary, use flags, lights and reflectors to alert other motorists.

6
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
6009 ATCR
Disc Spacing ....................................................................................................... 230 mm
Disc Dimension .......................................................... Ø 24" x 6,0 mm or Ø 26" x 6,0 mm
Number of Discs ................................................ 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 28, 32, 36 and 40
Disc Type.................................................. All Notched on Both Front and Rear Gangs

Bearing Assy's
{ Lenght ............................................................................. 9" (225 mm)
Type ................................................................. Greasable or Oilbath

{
Lenght ............................................................................. 9" (225 mm)
Spacer Spools
Type ........................................................................................ Casting
Axle Diameter .......................................................................................... 1.5/8" (41 mm)
Depth of Cut ............................................................................................ 100 to 180 mm
Type of Hitch ...................................................................................................... Drawbar
Working Speed ............................................................................................... 5 to 7 Km/h
...................... 600 x 16-6 ply for ATCR 14 and 16 Discs (2 Single Wheels)
Tyres
{ .......................... 750 x 16-6 ply for ATCR 18 to 28 Discs (2 Single Wheels)

No. of Working Width Net Weight Tractor (hp)


Model
Discs ft. in. (mm) lbs. (kg) Required
14 4'11" 1,500 3,215 1,459 75 - 80
16 5'8" 1,730 3,451 1,566 80 - 90
6009 18 6'5" 1,960 3,998 1,814 95 - 100
ATCR 20 7'2" 2,190 4,288 1,946 100 - 120
22 7'11" 2,420 4,588 2,082 125 - 140
24 8'8" 2,650 5,025 2,280 140 - 160
28 10'2" 3,110 5,357 2,431 170 -180

THE WEIGHT WAS QUOTED WITH 26" DIAM. AND 6.00 MM THICKNESS DISC BLADES.

7
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
6009 ATCRL
Disc Spacing ....................................................................................................... 230 mm
Disc Dimension ............................ Ø 24" x 4,75 mm, Ø 24" x 6,0 mm or Ø 26" x 6,0 mm
Number of Discs ...................... 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 32, and 36
Disc Type.................................................. All Notched on Both Front and Rear Gangs

Bearing Assy's
{ Lenght ............................................................................. 9" (225 mm)
Type ................................................................. Greasable or Oilbath

{
Lenght ............................................................................. 9" (225 mm)
Spacer Spools
Type ........................................................................................ Casting
Axle Diameter ..................................................................................... 1.1/2" (38,10 mm)
Depth of Cut .............................................................................................. 80 to 160 mm
Type of Hitch ...................................................................................................... Drawbar
Working Speed ............................................................................................... 5 to 7 Km/h
........................ 600 x 16-6 ply for ATCRL 12 to 16 Discs (2 Single Wheels)
Tyres
{ .......................... 750 x 16-6 ply for ATCR 18 to 36 Discs (2 Single Wheels)

No. of Working Width Net Weight Tractor (hp)


Model
Discs ft. in. (mm) lbs. (kg) Required
14 4'11" 1,500 2,442 1,108 50 - 55
16 5'8" 1,730 2,587 1,174 55 - 60
18 6'5" 1,960 2,931 1,330 60 - 70
19 6'10" 2,075 3,006 1,364 60 - 70
20 7'2" 2,190 3,085 1,400 70 - 80
21 7'7" 2,305 3,160 1,434 70 - 80
6009
22 7'11" 2,420 3,226 1,464 70 - 80
ATCRL
23 8'4" 2,535 3,310 1,502 80 - 90
24 8'8" 2,650 3,385 1,536 80 - 90
25 9'1" 2,765 3,460 1,570 80 - 90
28 10'2" 3,110 3,618 1,642 90 -100
29 10'7" 3,225 3,711 1,684 90 -100
32 11'9" 3,570 4,172 1,893 100 - 110
36 13'3" 4,030 4,546 2,063 110 - 120

THE WEIGHT WAS QUOTED WITH 24" DIA. AND 4.75 MM THICKNESS DISC BLADES.

8
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
6010 GAICR
Disc Spacing ....................................................................................................... 270 mm
Disc Dimension .......................................................... Ø 26" x 6,0 mm or Ø 28" x 7,5 mm
Number of Discs ...................................................... 14, 16, 18, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36 and 40
Disc Type.................................................. All Notched on Both Front and Rear Gangs

Bearing Assy´s
{ Lenght ................................................................. 10.5/16" (262 mm)
Type ................................................................ Greasable or Oilbath

{
Lenght ................................................................. 10.5/16" (262 mm)
Spacer Spools
Type ....................................................................................... Casting
Axle Diameter .......................................................................................... 1.5/8" (41 mm)
Depth of Cut ............................................................................................ 120 to 200 mm
Type of Hitch ...................................................................................................... Drawbar
Working Speed ............................................................................................... 5 to 7 Km/h
....................... 600 x 16-6 ply for GAICR 12 to 16 Discs (2 Single Wheels)
Tyres
{ ....................... 750 x 16-6 ply for GAICR 18 to 28 Discs (2 Single Wheels)
.......................... 750 x 16-10 ply for GAICR 32 to 40 Discs (Dual Wheels)

Model No. of Working Width Net Weight Tractor (hp)


Discs ft. in. (mm) lbs. (kg) Required
14 5'9" 1,750 3,592 1,630 80 - 90
16 6'7" 2,000 4,231 1,920 95 - 105
18 7'7" 2,300 4,714 2,139 110 - 120
6010 20 8'5" 2,570 4,998 2,272 120 - 140
GAICR 22 9'4" 2,840 5,007 2,296 140 - 150
24 10'2" 3,110 5,629 2,554 150 - 160
28 12' 3,650 6,140 2,786 170 - 180
32 13'9" 4,180 8,370 3,798 210 - 220
36 15'6" 4,720 9,225 4,186 230 - 250
40 17'3" 5,250 10,178 4,618 250 - 280

THE WEIGHT WAS QUOTED WITH 28" DIA. AND 6.00 MM THICKNESS DISC BLADES.

9
COMPONENTS
01 - Main Frame
02 - Front Gang Carrier
03 - Rear Gang Carrier
04 - Hydraulic Cylinder
05 - Stabilizer Bar
MODELS:
06 - Single Wheel Assembly
- 6009 ATCR
07 - Hydraulic Hoses
- 6009 ATCRL
08 - Hose Holder
- 61010 GAICR
09 - Drawbar Assembly
(14 to 28 Discs)
10 - Clevis
11 - Cylinder Transport Lock
12 - Rod Stops (Optional) 03 01

04

05
02

07

06

08

09

11
10
12

10
COMPONENTS
01 - Main Frame
02 - Front Gang Carrier
03 - Rear Gang Carrier
04 - Hydraulic Cylinder
05 - Stabilizer Bar
06 - Dual Wheel Assembly
07 - Hydraulic Hoses
08 - Hose Holder
MODELS:
09 - Drawbar Assembly
- 6009 ATCRL (29, 32 and 36 Discs)
10 - Clevis
- 6010 GAICR (32, 36 and 40 Discs)
11 - Cylinder Transport Lock
03
12 - Rod Stops (Optional)

04
02

01

05

07

06

08

09

10
11
12

11
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
General Instructions
Caution: THE FOLLOWING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY
UNDERSTOOD BEFORE ATTEMPTING MACHINE ASSEMBLY.

1. Wear personal protective equipment such as, but not limited to protection for
eyes, ears, feet, hands, lungs and head when assembling the equipment. Do not
wear loose clothing or jewelry that may catch on equipment moving parts.
2. Do not lift heavy parts or assemblies. Use crane, jack, tackle, fork trucks or
other mechanical devices.
3. Select an area for assembly that is clean and free of any debris which might
cause persons working on the assembly to trip.
4. Arrange parts to be assembled neatly in the work area and have tools or
other mechanical assisting devices in easy reach.
5. Inspect all parts and assemblies thoroughly and remove any sharp edges,
grease, oil or dirt which might cause pieces to slip when handling.
6. Preview the assembly instructions in your operator’s manual before
proceeding further.
7. If the assembly instructions call for parts or assemblies to be blocked up, use
only blocking material that is in good condition and is capable of handling the weight
of the assembly to be blocked. Also, insure that the blocking material is on a clean,
dry surface.
8. Never put hands or any other part of body under blocked up assemblies if at
all possible.
9. Always wear goggles or safety glasses when hammering, grinding, or drilling
metal parts.
10. If the assembly calls for welding or cutting, be sure that there are no
flammable materials close at hand and that bystanders have taken necessary
precautions.

Note: AFTER COMPLETING ANY ASSEMBLY STEP, THOROUGHLY READ THE NEXT STEP
IN THE ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THAT STEP.

11. After completing assembly, thoroughly inspect the machine to be sure that
all nuts, bolts, hydraulic fittings or any other fastened assemblies have been thoroughly
tightened.
12. After completing assembly, be sure that all safety locking devices or guards
are in place.
13. Before operating the machine, thoroughly read the operation section of this
manual.
14. Before operating the machine, read the maintenance section of this manual
to be sure that any parts requiring lubrication such as gearboxes are full to avoid
any possible damage.

Note: BEFORE OPERATING THE EQUIPMENT, IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING
THE PROPER ASSEMBLY OR OPERATION, CONTACT YOUR AUTHORIZED DEALER
OR REPRESENTATIVE.

12
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
First of all, choose a clean and flat surface. Split the parts in groups to make it
easier to pick them up and check the quantities against the packing list.

How to use the Wrenches

Wrench (A) is used to tighten nuts of the disc gangs, one to hold the axle nut in
one side, while tighten the other onto the opposite side, avoidding the axle to turn
around.
Wrench (B) is used to tighten bolts and nuts of the Bearing Assemblies.
Wrench (C) is used to tighten nuts on the Drawbar Assembly.
Wrench (D) is used to tighten nuts which fix Disc Scrapers.

A
B

C D

Attention: DISC BLADES ARE SHARP AND COULD CAUSE INJURIES AS CUT HANDS,
FEET, ETC. WEAR GLOVES WHEN HANDLING DISC GANGS TO THE
MAIFRAME.

Mounting Main Gangs

Be sure that you have the correct mainframe for the disc harrow being
assembled. Check the correct positioning of the bearing assemblies and spacers as
shown on the following pages:

13
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Illustration to assemble bearings and spacers.

ATCR - 14 ATCR - 16
ATCRL - 14 ATCRL - 16
GAICR - 14 GAICR - 16 Bearing

Spacer

ATCR - 18
GAICR - 18
ATCRL - 18

ATCR - 24
ATCR - 20
ATCRL - 24
ATCRL - 20
GAICR - 24
GAICR - 20

14
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Illustration to assemble bearings and spacers.

Bearing

Spacer

ATCRL - 19 ATCRL - 21

ATCRL - 22 ATCRL - 23

ATCRL - 25 ATCRL - 29

15
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Illustration to assemble bearings and spacers.

ATCR - 28
ATCRL - 28 ATCRL - 32
GAICR - 28 GAICR - 32

ATCRL - 36
GAICR - 36

Bearing
GAICR - 40

Spacer

ATCR 14, ATCRL 14 and GAICR 14 Discs = 04 Bearing Assy;


ATCR 16, 18, ATCRL 16, 18, 19, and GAICR 16 Discs = 06 Bearing Assy;
ATCR 20, 22, 24, 28, ATCRL 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29 and GAICR 18, 20, 24, 28 discs = 08 Bearing Assy;
ATCRL and GAICR 32, 36 Discs = 12 Bearing Assy;
GAICR 40 Discs = 16 Bearing Assy;

16
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Instruction to Assemble the Disc Gangs

REFERS TO THE ILLUSTRATION OF THE NEXT PAGE

- Place the outer lock (A) to the axle (B).


- Install nut (C) slightly tightened.
- Install the discs (D), bearings (E) and the spacers (F), following the illustrations
of previous pages.

Important: - BEARINGS AND SPACERS HAVE


CONCAVE AND CONVEX ENDS.
CURVATURES MUST MATCH WITH
DISCS. OTHERWISE GANGS WILL
NOT STAY TIGHT AND MAY CAUSE
DAMAGE.
- CONCAVE AND CONVEX
FLANGES ON THE BEARING
ASSEMBLIES ARE FACTORY
MOUNTED TO CORRESPOND TO
THE FRONT AND REAR GANGS IN
ORDER TO HAVE OIL FILL PLUGS OR
GREASE FITTINGS ALWAYS FACING GREASE FITTING OR PLUG
TO THE REAR. BACKWARDS.

- Install the inner lock (G) and nut (C-1).


- Install the bolt (H) which fix the nut lock (I) on both extremities of the gang
together with spring washers and nuts.
Using the axle nut wrenches (A - page 13), tighten the axle nuts as tightly as
possible. For best results and added leverage, place a 1 to 1.5 m length of 2" pipe on
each axle nut wrench for a extension of the handle and hit it with a hammer. Mount
nut lock to bumper washer with bolt and lock washer.

Important: - RETIGHTEN AXLE NUTS AFTER 10 TO 12 HOURS OF OPERATION.


THEREAFTER, VISUALLY INSPECT AXLE NUTS DAILY FOR TIGHTNESS AND
RETIGHTEN AS NECESSARY TO ENSURE PROPER TORQUE REQUIREMENT IS
MAINTAINED.

17
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP

C
A
D
B

G
D E C-1
I-1

H-1

18
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Assembling of Disc Gangs on Gang Carriers

Important: THE REAR GANG TURNS DIRT TO THE LEFT AND THE FRONT GANG TURNS
DIRT TO THE RIGHT.

Note: Front gang assemblies with


concave side of discs to the RIGHT, as
viewed from the rear of the harrow.
Rear gang assemblies with
concave side of the LEFT, viewed from
the rear of the harrow.

Procedure:
The Illustration below shows the assembly sequence, as follow:
Fix harrow frames on corresponding gang assemblies and place the bolts (A)
and square washers (B) on the down side of the bearing, so put them through the
bearing housing and the standard holes. Then, on the top side, place the flat washer
(C), the lock washer (D) and nut (E).
Repeat this operation for the other carriers.

E
D
C
B
A

19
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Scrapers Assembling

When set scrapers in the correct position, curvatures must match with discs or
gangs will not stay tight and damage will occur.
Mount the scrapers (A) using bolts (B) and plain washers (C) on the under side
of the fixing plate, then place in top side the lockwashers (D) and nuts (E).

Note: - THE SCRAPERS ARE ADJUSTABLE TO APPROACH OR TO DISTANCE THEM FROM


THE DISC BLADES. IN ORDER TO DISCOURAGE TRASH BUILD-UP BETWEEN DISCS
AND SCRAPERS, KEEP THE DISTANCE 1/8" TO 3/8" (5 TO 9 MM) BETWEEN THEM.

B
A

20
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Mounting Gang Carriers at Mainframe

Install both gang carriers (front and rear) in the mainframe (A). Place the bolts
(B) and square washer (C) on the down side, so place the flat washer (D), pressure
washers (E) and nut (F) on top side.
Note: THE ANGLE ADJUSTMENT OF THE GANGS IS MADE THROUGH THE FIXING
HOLES, AS SHOWN ON PAGE 27.

F
E
D
C
B

Mounting Wheel Assemblies

Mount wheel assembly (A) onto the hubs (B) making sure the valve stem is on
the outside (lug bolt side) of the spindle. Place the nuts that are screwed on the bolts
and tighten.

B B

A A

21
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Adjustment of the Bearing to Wheel Assemblies

The models 6009 ATCR, 6009 ATCRL and 6010 GAICR allow adjustments on wheel
assembly bearings through slots (A) as shown below. These adjustments are used to
centralize the wheel assemblies with the harrow mainframe and to eliminate lateral
gaps among the carrying axle and the bearings.
- Harrows with single wheel system: Adjust the bearings centralizing the wheel
system with the mainframe. Note the tires must have the same distance in relation to
the mainframe. The carrying axle (B) should be without inner gaps against the
bearings.
- Harrows with dual wheel system: Adjust the bearings centralizing the wheel
system with the mainframe. Note the tires or the raising towers must have the same
distance in relation to the mainframe. The carrying axle (C) should be without inner
gaps against the bearings.

22
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Mounting the Drawbar

Attach the drawbar (A) to the plates (B), using the bolts (C) on under side,
then place the lockwashers (D) and nuts (E) on top side..

B
A

Installing Hydraulic Hoses

Connect the hoses (A) to the hydraulic cylinder (B) and secure with nuts and
lockwashers when connecting the hydraulic hoses make sure that the terminals are
clean and avoid them to touch the soil. SEE FIGURES ON THE NEXT PAGE.

Notes: - KEEP THE CYLINDERS TERMINALS UP-WARDS.


- USE SEAL THREAD TO FIX UP THE QUICK COUPLERS MALES TO THE HYDRAULIC
HOSES.

After that, fix the hose holders (C) onto drawbar bushing with spring washers
and nuts (D). Then place clamps (E) on mainframe through bolts.

23
ASSEMBLY & SET
ASSEMBLY -UP INSTRUCTIONS
SET-UP
Models:
- ATCR 14 to 28 Disc Blades
E
- ATCRL 14 to 36 Disc Blades
- GAICR 14 to 28 Disc Blades.

A
E

C B
D
E

E
A

Models:
C - GAICR 32 to 40 Disc Blades.

24
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING
OPERATING
Be sure to read and understand all the instructions to obtain best performance
on operation and maximum trouble free.

Tractor Set-up

Before starting the operations it is necessary to set-up adequately the tractor


and harrow. Apply the necessary water ballast on tires, add weights on front and
rear of tractor, in order to increase the traction on the soil and give more stability to
the tractor.

Hitching Tractor to the Disc Harrow

Hitch tractor to the disc harrow and connect the hoses. Connect the safety chain
to the tractor drawbar. Lower the jackstand and unpin. Swivel jack to horizontal
storage position. Insert Pin to the hole (A). Raise the transport tires until the hitch
matches the tractor drawbar height and to finalize place the hitch pin (B) with the
lock.

Attention: - AFTER HITCHED THE HARROW TO THE TRACTOR, DO NOT FORGET TO


TAKE OUT THE PIN FROM THE HOLE (A). RELIEVE THE PIN BY LOWERING
THE TRANSPORT TIRES.
- THE TRACTOR'S DRAWBAR SHOULD BE LOCATED IN A FIXED POSITION
IN THE CENTER OF THE TRACTOR, WHEN TRANSPORTING THE HARROW.
- NEVER DISCONNECT THE HYDRAULIC HOSES BEFORE LOWERING THE
HARROW AND BLEEDING OFF PRESSURE FROM THE SYSTEM.

25
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING
OPERATING
Important Recommendations

- The drawbar should be allowed for


enough lateral movement to permit full swing
when plowing and must be fixed in the center
position before transporting.
- Never disconnect the hydraulic hoses
before lowering the harrow and relief the
hydraulic pressure.
- While the disc harrow is hitched to the
tractor, adjust the spring nut on the drawbar.
Lower the harrow until all the discs touching
to the ground.
- Adjust the nuts against the spring on the
top fore/aft eyebolts until the spring are snug.
The springs should be as little pressure as
possible when plowing and should never
completely compressed.

Note: PLEASE RE-MAKE THE ADJUSTMENTS, IF


YOU USE AN OTHER TRACTOR WITH
DIFFERENT HEIGHT ON THE DRAWBAR.

- Prior to transporting the harrow, raise


disc harrow with hydraulic and install the
transport lock (A) on hydraulic cylinder rod.

- Before move the equipment to the field make sure


axle nuts are tighted. If they are loose, discs will turn on the
axle and the components of the gang will be severely
damaged.
- Use a pressure lubrication gun and apply a sufficient
amount of grease in all the grease fittings. See the
instructions on the lubrication section on pages 32 to 34.

26
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING
OPERATING
Depth of Cut / Gang Angle Adjustments

- There are two ways to adjust depth of cut:


1) By using the adjustment holes to change angles on front and rear disc gangs.
2) Using the wheels on the transport assemblies to act as depth gauges.

Note: - IT IS BETTER TO REDUCE THE ANGLE OF THE GANGS TO DECREASE SOIL


PENETRATION RATHER THAN TO GAUGE THE DEPTH OF PENETRATION BY USE
OF THE WHEELS. THIS METHOD INCREASES THE WIDTH OF CUT WHILE DRAFT
AND FUEL CONSUMPTION IN EXTREMELY SOFT OR SANDY SOILS IS DECREASED.
IT MAY BE NECESSARY USE THE WHEELS FOR ADDITIONAL LEVELING AND
GAUGING.

To change gang angle, raise disc harrow on wheels until discs are clear of
ground. Slide gang carrier or backward as desired. For ordinary conditions set both
front and rear gangs in next to maximum angle (center hole).

Rear Gang Front Gang

More
More Less Depth
Depth Less Depth
Depth

Important: - BEFORE STARTING DISCING IS RECOMMENDED TO USE A MEDIUM GANG


ANGLE. IN CASE YOU NEED MORE PENETRATION, INCREASE THE ANGLE
ON THE REAR GANG. PRECISE DEPTH CONTROL IS POSSIBLE BY USING
THE WHEEL ON THE MAIN FRAME TRANSPORT ASSEMBLY TO ACT AS DEPTH
GAUGES. IT IS ACHIEVED WITH USE OF ROD STOPS, THAT ATTACHED TO
THE HYDRAULIC CYLINDER ROD, WILL LIMIT THE ROD TRAVEL.
- FRONT GANG USUALLY DOES NOT OPERATE WITH ANGLE LARGER THAN
THE REAR GANG.
- KEEP THE PLOWED LAND AREA ALWAYS TO THE LEFT. THE HARROW IS
PLOWING CORRECTLY WHEN IT COVERS THE TRACTOR WHEEL TRACKS
AND THERE IS NO SIDE DRAFT.

27
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING
OPERATING
Depth of Cut / Cylinder Rod Stops (Optional)

A
When the gangs are
discing too deep or too
shallow, it can be used
threaded adjusting rods (A) on
the base end of each wing
cylinder (B) if the gang running
too deeply, adjust the rod so
the pin on the base end of the
cylinder moves closer to the
front of the disc and vice versa,
if it is running too shallow. B

Tractor's Position in relation to Previous Passing - Side Displacement

Side displacement is used to eliminate marks left on the soil by tractor passing
which normally happens when the tractor's gauge is larger than working width of
the harrow.
If it is possible, the tractor should travel over the unplowed land and close to the
previous furrow.
If the harrow needs adjustment, shift the drawbar plates either to the right or left
on the offset bar, as shown below:

Position # 2 Normal Position

Offset Bar Position # 1

Hitch

Normal Position (Centralized); utilized in most situations.


Position # 1; Approaches the tractor to previous furrow.
Position # 2; keeps the tractor away from previous furrow.

28
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING
OPERATING

Note: - AFTER SIDE DISPLACEMENT YOU SHOULD ALSO CHANGE THE FIXING POINT
ON STABILIZER BAR (A), IN THE MANNER THAT IN THE NORMAL POSITION IS
ALLOWED USE OF HOLES 4 AND 6 AS SHOWN ON THE STABILIZER BAR.
FOR POSITION # 1, USE HOLES 4 AND 5 AND FOR POSITION # 2, HOLES 3 AND
6, ON THE STABILIZER BAR.

A 6
4 5
3

Drawbar Angles

At the normal field operation


and during the transportation the
drawbar should be kept fixed on
the center hole as shown on the
figure.
Minimum side draft will be
obtained when changing the
drawbar position to other holes.

Upper and Lower


Plates

Drawbar
The harrow is designed to trail behind the tractor. Minimum side draft will be
obtained when the drawbar hitch is aligned with outside beam of mainframe. Keep
tighten the drawbar hitch bolts. Loose bolts will result in extensive damage to drawbar
hitch and bridle assemblies.

29
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING
OPERATING
How to Start the Discing

Independent of the areas sizes and boundary level, the discing must be basically
made in the following manners:

Entrance

Entrance

Discing in Squares From Discing in Squares From


Outside to Inside Inside to Outside

Discing in level

it
Ex
L E VE L
CU
RV
ES

ce
an
E ntr

Important : - THE PLOWED LAND MUST BE LOCATED ALWAYS ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE
OF OPERATOR.
- WHEN PLOWING, RAISE MACHINE OUT OF GROUND BEFORE MAKING
TURNS. AVOID MAKING SHARP TURNS THAT MAY CAUSE TRACTOR TIRE
TO MAKE CONTACT WITH IMPLEMENT.

30
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING
OPERATING
Operation / Main Instructions

- Remove pins from transport assembly bracket and pin transport lock (upright)
field position on main frame. Raise transport wheels and start discing operation.
- Retighten nut axles after first day of operation. Thereafter, visually inspect axle
nuts daily for tightness and re-tighten as necessary to ensure if the proper torque
requeriment is maintained.
- Tighten all fasteners after the first day of operation and inspect at regular
periods thereafter.
- Pay attention to the lubrication intervals.
- The gear of the tractor will be applied depending on the soil conditions and
plow adjustments, never forget to maintain a power reserve in order to not overload
the tractor.
- The ground speed is relative to the gear applied to the tractor and it is only
determined by the soil conditions. In order to keep a good operation performance
and avoid possible damages to the harrow.
- When discing, raise machine out of ground before making turns. Avoid to make
sharp turns that may cause contact between tires and equipment.
- When discing, never maneuver to rigth, the angle formed by the disc gangs
transfer much stress to the implement and the consequence will overload all
components of the drawbar.
- Remove any wood piece or other object stucked on the disc blades.
- Disconnect hydraulic hoses from breakaway couplers after release pressure
from the system. Plug hoses and place on hose support assembly.
- The tractor drawbar must be fixed in the center position when transporting
and loosed when working.
- Be sure tractor and implement have been properly prepared. Operating speed
should be between 5 to 7 km/h. Reduce speed in rocky conditions.
- Before transport the implement to the field, fully extend the transport cylinder
to raise the disc, unpin the transport lock from storage position and pin in place on
transport assembly. The equipment should be kept as leveled as possible when
transporting.

31
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
LUBRICATION
The points listed below are common advises to keep your implement in good
condition, making it last longer and with no working interruptions.

1) EVERY 24 HOURS OF SERVICE, EXECUTE THE FOLLOWING:


- Take a look at the Lubrication Points on Page 33. Use a pressure lubrification
gun to apply an enough quantitiy of medium consistence grease or equivalent to
flush out the old grease and dirt residues.
- Make sure no stange material is allowed to get into lubrication points or
bearings.
- Clean the grease fittings with a cloth before introduce the lubricant. If the
fittings are not in satisfactory condition, replace them with new parts available.
- Lubricate the greasable bearings with a medium consistence grease. In sand
conditions, the bearings should be lubricate daily to prevent build-up of sand and
grease just outside the sealing surface. Although, the oilbath bearings do not require
constant lubrication, it is necessary to check oil level after first 24 hours of operation
and weekly thereafter. Oil level should reach the bottom level of plug when unit is
leveled.

2) AFTER 100 OURS OF OPERATION


- Adjust Leveling Control and depth Control Arm Eyebolts and keep threads
coated with grease.
- On wheel hubs bearings, apply 5 shots of grease or until grease shows outiside
wheel seals.

3) AFTER 1500 HOURS OF OPERATION


- Change oil on Oilbath Bearings Assemblies. Fill it with SAE 90 weigth gear oil
until it runs out of fill plug.

4) PERIODICALLY
Remove wheel hub bearings. Place bearings, seals caps and washers in a
container with kerosene or other solvents. Inspect the bearings and seals. If they are
not in good condition, replace them with spare parts available at your TATU dealer.

5) ONCE PER YEAR


Carefully inspect all Hydraulic Hoses for leaks, abrasions and cracks.
Tighten all fittings and replace hoses as necessary.

32
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
LUBRICATION
Lubrication Points

Lubricate every 24 hours of operation.

33
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
LUBRICATION
Lubricate every 100 hours of operation.

Maintenance of the Harrow

- In a non-use period, wash the harrow, paint the spoiled parts, protect the discs
with oil, lubricate all grease fittings and store the unit in an open non aired place,
avoiding that same touch the soil.
- The disc blades should be replaced as soon as they present low output, which
is noticed by the decrease of their diameter.
- Inspect all movable parts and if any is spoiled, replace it with new parts
available at your TATU dealer.

Note: USE ONLY ORIGINAL TATU SPARE PARTS.

Caution! ALWAYS BLOCK-UP RAISED EQUIPMENT WHEN SERVICING OR


STORAGE. NEVER RELY ON THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.

34
MAINTENANCE
TROUBLESHOOTING

Troubleshooting procedures are listed in the Table below. If the problem cannot
be solved or replacement parts are necessary, contact your authorized TATU dealer.
Please have ready your machine name, model name, serial number, purchase date
and exact cause of description of problem.

PROBLEM POSSIBLE SOLUTION

- Increase the rear gang angle.


- Make sure the disc is running level front
to rear.
Disc Do Not Penetrate
- Check position of tractor drawbar.
Drawbar hitch clevis should be
adjusted up and down to make hitch
as level as possible.

- Reduce speed to 5 - 7 km/h.


- Rear gangs to close together move
Ridging in Center apart.
- Taper inside centerblades on rear
gangs.

- Reduce speed to 5 - 7 km/h.


- Check position of tractor drawbar.
Hitch should be level in the working
Ridging on the Outside
position.
- Use correct size furrow filler blades on
the rear gangs.

- Increase speed of operation, but


never exceed 7 km/h.
Valley in the Center
- Rear gangs too wide apart move close
together.

Tractor Pulls to Both Sides - Add more weight on front of the


tractor.

- Adjust disc scrapers.


Debris Between Discs
- Make the plowing less deeply.

35
IMPOR
IMPORTTANT DATA
DAT
How to Calculate Hourly Performance of the Harrow

Utilize the formula below to calculate hourly performance of the ATCR, ATCRL
and GAICR Offset Disk Harrows.

LxVxE
X=
X

Where:

R = Performance per hour


L = Working width of the harrow, expressed in meters
V = Tractor's speed average, expressed in meters per hour
E = Efficiency (0.90)
X = Value of Hectare (10,000 m²)
Valor of Acre (4,047 m²)

Example of the ATCR de 20 Discs:

R = ?
L = 2.19 2.19 x 6,000 x 0.90
R=
10,000
V = 6,000 m/h
E = 0.90
R = 1.18 Hectares per hour
X = 10,000 m² R = 2.92 Acres per hour

Note: EFFECTIVE HARROW'S PERFORMANCE MIGHT CHANGE DUE TO PHYSICAL


FACTORS AS MOISTURE, DECLIVITY AND HARDPAN. ALSO, THE IMPROPER
ADJUSTMENTS AND WORKING SPEED COULD RESULT IN A POOR PERFORMANCE.

Based on the calculation above it is simple to elaborate the tables on the next
page to show theoretical average performance per hour and day (considering 9
hours period).

36
IMPOR
IMPORTTANT DATA
DAT
Theoretical Average Performance Tables

No. of Working Performance per hour Performance per day (9 h)


Model
Discs Width (mm) Hectare Acre Hectare Acre
14 1500 0.81 2.00 7.29 18.00
16 1730 0.93 2.30 8.40 20.70
6009 18 1960 1.06 2.62 9.54 23.58
ATCR 20 2190 1.18 2.91 10.62 26.19
22 2420 1.30 3.24 11.70 29.16
24 2650 1.43 3.53 12.87 31.77
28 3110 1.68 4.15 15.12 37.35

No. of Working Performance per hour Performance per day (9 h)


Model
Discs Width (mm) Hectare Acre Hectare Acre
14 1500 0.81 2.00 7.29 18.00
16 1730 0.93 2.30 8.40 20.70
18 1960 1.06 2.62 9.54 23.58
19 2075 1.12 2.76 10.08 24.84
20 2190 1.18 2.91 10.62 26.19
21 2305 1.24 3.07 11.16 27.63
6009 22 2420 1.30 3.24 11.70 29.16
ATCRL 23 2535 1.36 3.38 12.24 30.42
24 2650 1.43 3.53 12.87 31.77
25 2765 1.49 3.68 13.41 33.12
28 3110 1.68 4.15 15.12 37.35
29 3225 1.74 4.30 15.66 38.72
32 3570 1.93 4.77 17.53 42.93
36 4030 2.18 5.38 19.59 48.42

37
IMPOR
IMPORTTANT DATA
DAT
Theoretical Average Performance Tables

No. of Working Performance per hour Performance per day (9 h)


Model
Discs Width (mm) Hectare Acre Hectare Acre
14 1750 0.94 2.33 8.46 20.97
16 2000 1.08 2.66 9.72 23.94
18 2300 1.24 3.06 11.16 27.54
20 2570 1.39 3.42 12.51 30.78

6010 22 2840 1.53 3.78 13.77 34.02


GAICR
24 3110 1.68 4.14 15.12 37.26
28 3650 1.97 4.87 17.73 43.83
32 4180 2.26 5.57 20.34 50.13
36 4720 2.55 6.29 22.95 56.61
40 5250 2.83 7.00 25.47 63.00

Note: FOR THE CALCULATION ABOVE IT WAS USED A TRACTOR'S AVERAGE SPEED OF
6.0 KM/HOUR.

Using the tables above you can exercise how long you might spend to work on a
determined area. Just take the area to be worked and apply the formula as per the
example below:

GAICR 32 Discs to work in 65 hectares.


In 9 hours.......it performs.......20.34 hectares
How long will be spent to finish an area of 65 hectares?
65,000
X= = 28.76
2.26

It will take approximately 29.0_ hours to finish the job.

38
IMPOR
IMPORTTANT

ATTENTION
MARCHESAN S/A RESERVES THE RIGHT AT ANY TIME TO MAKE IMPROVEMENTS IN THE
DESIGN, MATERIAL OR SPECIFICATIONS OF MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT OR PARTS
WITHOUT THEREBY BECOMING LIABLE TO MAKE SIMILAR CHANGES IN MACHINERY,
EQUIPMENT OR PARTS PREVIOUSLY SOLD.
BECAUSE OF THE POSSIBILITY THAT SOME DRAWINGS OR PICTURES IN THIS MANUAL
WERE TAKEN OF PROTOTYPE MODELS, PRODUCTION MODELS MAY VARY IN SOME
DETAIL.
SOME PICTURES OF THIS MANUAL APPEAR WITHOUT THE SAFETY DEVICES, TO
FACILITATE DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS. NEVER OPERATE EQUIPMENTS WITHOUT THOSE
DEVICES.

TECHNICAL PUBLICATION DIVISION

Elaboration/Diagram: Valson Hernani

Supervision: Arnaldo de Aguiar

Illustration: Gaspari

March, 2006

Code: 0501090601

Revision: 04

MARCHESAN IMPLEMENTOS E MÁQUINAS AGRÍCOLAS TATU S.A.


Av. Marchesan, 1979 - PO. Box, 131 - CEP 15994-900 - MATÃO - SP - BRASIL
Te l : 5 5 ( 1 6 ) 3 3 8 2 - 8 2 8 2 - F a x : 5 5 ( 1 6 ) 3 3 8 2 - 1 0 0 3 - 5 5 ( 1 6 ) 3 3 8 2 - 1 0 0 9
e.mail:tatu@marchesan.com.br http://www.marchesan.com.br

39
NOTES

40