Next Generation Information Sources: Content, Access, Pricing, Trends, Usage And Promotion | Metadata | Libraries

Next Generation Information Sources

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Content, Access, Pricing, Trends, Usage And Promotion

M S Sridhar
Presentation for panel discussion in the symposium on “Next generation libraries: opportunities and challenges”, October 29, 20101, Karnataka State Library Association, Bangalore

Next generation libraries
1. Libraries are no more prominent players in information provision and management 2. Libraries are stripped off reference service and archival functions 3. „Libraries‟ are hijacked 4. Value addition of libraries as filtering agents is underplayed by shifting filtering process from entry point to use point 5. Access over rides validity/ quality 6. Under usage continued in digital environment
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Next generation libraries
7. Digital archives do not replace, but coexist with

print archives 8. Lopsided priority of sources digitised 9. Everything is metadata and everything can be a label; Boundary between meta data and primary information is diminishing 10. Give away control over organisation of information to users; Put each leaf on as many branches as possible Trend:  Fee based services  Public-private partnership
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 Futurists‟ „tunnel vision‟ of endism predicts end of everything  Wonderful properties of paper lie beyond information (paper help people to work, communicate and think together)  Paper technology is remarkably stable (digital decay?)

Paper Technology

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Digital Environment
 Greatly facilitated information sharing and collaborative working  Content boom in digital environment diminished the traditional demarcation of published, unpublished and gray literature  Separates text from context  Dehumanization (overlooks the presence of a person and the „natural‟ way to access using senses)  Complex strategies punish with erroneous information for mistakes; Too many strategies & terminologies  People learn at work from watching and talking to those around them  Physical propinquity remains powerful force of innovation (geography is far from dead)
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 People are getting closer at the cost of attentiveness towards strangers encountered physically  Anytime, any place office will lure us into the tiger cage of every time, every where  No time to think and care, concentrate on speed alone; Intellectual temper among students?  Every technology has created new excess and silliness. Each silliness has produced its own backlash and subsequent adjustments  KM requires employees to make explicit everything they know about a business as if everyone is natural writer or teacher or as if a database  Linguistic whateverism: The more we write online, the worse writer we become
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Digital Environment

Access
• „Provision for access‟ is becoming a proxy measure for access, access for use and use for usefulness • Digital technology has encouraged and acted as catalyst for the trio factors: accessibility, ease of use and perceived utility of information (access restriction champions) • The consequence of instant access to enormous information anywhere any time is the reversal of sequence of selection and access and shifting the filtering responsibility to users
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Access
• Closed, rigid and intricate online catalogs are used mostly to access specific items rather than IR. Severe subject search problems remain unattended • The only barrier to access was alphabetization is replaced by technology with need for technological skills, i.e., the capacity to understand and be understood by machines • Access management - License agreement, price negotiation, offer evaluation, usage assessment became important; Need for risk tolerance for litigation

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Promotion (Educating user)
• limitations of tools: Need for information consumption skills • nature of collection and content • access to dissimilar collections • licensing issues (litigation and access management) • differentiating internal sources from external sources • special requirements of multimedia (sound card, speakers, software) • transient nature of remote digital collection (disappeared sites, access, languages)
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Pricing and Economic advantages
• viability of small works/ short books • economy for customers - minimum price for short version/ part of the document • very low price per copy : cost-saving in the 4 Ps (i.e., paper (30%), printing, packaging and post) • low cost of production, storing, shipping, etc. • Paper and distribution use to account respectively for 30% & 50% in traditional publishing • immediate worldwide distribution & yet no inventory • print on demand (POD) technology enables short run editions substantially cutting fixed costs
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