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AN UTOPIA OF

LE CORBUSIER

LC PILOT PLAN
BOGOTA
JAVIER ORLANDO MORA PEDRAZA
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONTENT
WHO IS LE CORBUSIER ?

THEORETICAL APPROACHES

BOGOTA OF THE LATE 40´S

PILOT PLAN OF BOGOTA

WHAT´S THE PLAN ABOUT?


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONTENT
WHO IS LE CORBUSIER ?

THEORETICAL APPROACHES

BOGOTA OF THE LATE 40´S

PILOT PLAN OF BOGOTA

WHAT´S THE PLAN ABOUT?


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 WHO IS LE CORBUSIER?

Charles Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, better known from


the 1920s as Le Corbusier, was a French-born Swiss
architecture theorist, architect, designer and painter. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: pinterest.com.coc 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

Son of Georges Édouard Jeanneret, watch


enameller, and Marie Charlotte Amelie Perret, a
pianist in La Chaux-de-Fonds. When he was 13, he
began his training as a engraving engraver. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

Journey to the East, shock! The mosques of


Istanbul: "An elementary geometry disciplines the
masses: the square, the cube, the sphere".

The Parthenon: "Pure creation of the spirit,


emotional machine (...) wise, correct and
magnificent play of the volumes under the light". BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 JOURNEY TO THE EAST

Le Corbusier and his brother Albert. The photo was taken shortly before Corbu's trip through Italy and “East“. BOG
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 JOURNEY TO THE EAST

BOG
Drawings made by Le Corbusier during his trip through to the East. PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 JOURNEY TO THE EAST

BOG
Drawings made by Le Corbusier during his trip through to the East. PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 JOURNEY TO THE EAST

BOG
Drawings made by Le Corbusier during his trip through to the East. PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 JOURNEY TO THE EAST

BOG
Drawings made by Le Corbusier during his trip through to the East. PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 JOURNEY TO THE EAST

BOG
Drawings made by Le Corbusier during his trip through to the East. PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

He founded his architecture office in Paris, 35


Sevres Street, with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret. "The
straight line is the great acquisition of modern
architecture and it is a benefit, we must cleanse our
spirits from romantic spiders“. LE CORBUSIER BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

On a cruise ship that goes to Rio, he meets


Josephine Baker. Love! However he will marry
Yvonne Gallis, model of Monaco, the following year.
Theorizes about the "Five points of the new
architecture": 1) Piles, 2) Free Floor, 3) Horizontal
Window, 4) Free Facade, 5) Roof-Terrace. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

Second trip to South America on board the Graf


Zeppelin. He joins Oscar Niemeyer and Lucio Costa
for the construction of the Ministry of Education and
Health of Rio. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

The first stone of «Unité d'Habitation de Grandeur


Conforme» is installed, called Radiant City in
Marseille. He is one of the ten international
architects consulted for the construction of the
United Nations headquarters in New York. Build the
Duval factory in Saint-Dié.
BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

Launches the construction of the convent of the


Tourette (delivered in 1960), the Maison Brazil in
the university city of Paris (1959). Yvonne dies.
"Woman of great heart and will, of clean integrity,
guardian angel of the home, of my home, for 36
years". LE CORBUSIER BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
LE CORBUSIER
1887 - 1965 HISTORY

Le Corbusier drowns in the Mediterranean in front


of his cabin. A few weeks before, he was a
visionary: "We have to rediscover man, find the
straight line that conforms to the axis of the
fundamental laws: biology, nature, cosmos, straight
line impassable as the horizon in the sea".
LE CORBUSIER BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONTENT
WHO IS LE CORBUSIER ?

THEORETICAL APPROACHES

BOGOTA OF THE LATE 40´S

PILOT PLAN OF BOGOTA

WHAT´S THE PLAN ABOUT?


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
LC
THEORETICAL
FIVE POINTS OF
MODERN ARCHITECTURE
APPROACHES

PILOTIS FREE HORIZONTAL FREE ROOF


FACADE WINDOW PLAN GARDEN

The famous concept of Le Corbusier the “5 Points of Modern Architecture” are tought in architecture schools
throughout the world. It is the list of the essentials that the architect regarded modern houses must have to provide
their inhabitants with healthy conditions. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
THEORETICAL
FIVE POINTS OF
MODERN ARCHITECTURE
APPROACHES

BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
THEORETICAL
APPROACHES ATHENS CHARTER

CIAM IV, held in 1933 aboard the Patris II on the Marseille - Athens route, had as its central theme the functional
city. The final document "The Athens Charter", contain the conclusions of the congress exposed as doctrines of
modern urbanism. Was published in 1942 by Le Corbusier and J. L. Sert. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
THEORETICAL
APPROACHES
ATHENS CHARTER
4 MAIN functions of urban planning

Guarantee healthy
Organize work places.
accommodations for men.

Provide facilities for the good Establish the link between BOG
use of free time. different organizations. PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
THEORETICAL
APPROACHES ATHENS CHARTER
1. LIVE

2. WORK

3. RECREATION

4. CIRCULATE

BOG
PILOT PLAN
CIAM grid. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
LC
THEORETICAL
APPROACHES ATHENS CHARTER
1. LIVE

2. WORK

3. RECREATION

4. CIRCULATE

BOG
PILOT PLAN
CIAM grid. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONTENT
WHO IS LE CORBUSIER ?

THEORETICAL APPROACHES

BOGOTA OF THE LATE 40´S

PILOT PLAN OF BOGOTA

WHAT´S THE PLAN ABOUT?


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

BOG
PILOT PLAN
Plane of Bogota in 1932. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

Bogota in 40´s. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

BOG
PILOT PLAN
Bogota in 40´s. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

Bogota in 40´s. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

Karl Brunner. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co

BOG
Bogota in 40´s. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

BOG
PILOT PLAN
Bogota in 40´s. TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

BOG
PILOT PLAN
Bogota during “El Bogotazo” . TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

BOG
PILOT PLAN
Bogota during “El Bogotazo” . TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BOGOTA IN 40´S

Bogota during “El Bogotazo” . TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co BOG


PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONTENT
WHO IS LE CORBUSIER ?

THEORETICAL APPROACHES

BOGOTA OF THE LATE 40´S

PILOT PLAN OF BOGOTA

WHAT´S THE PLAN ABOUT?


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 FIRST CONTACT

Ambassador of Colombia to the United Nations Eduardo Zuleta Angel.

Zuleta invited him to visit the city with the firm purpose
to secure a contract to formulate the Capital Plan.
The first time Le Corbusier stepped on Bogota soil was
on June 16, 1947. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONFERENCE IN bogota

First photo of Le Corbusier in Bogota. June 16, 1947.

On June 18, 1947 Le Corbusier dictated the first of


two conferences that were part of the future focus of
the Bogota Plan, in which he showed his strong
connection with the ideas set forth in the Athens
Charter. His second conference was two days later. BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONFERENCE IN bogota

Draw of Le Corbusier about the Bolivar´s square. Bogota. June 17, 1947. Le Corbusier at the National University of Colombia. Bogota. June 18, 1947.

From that first visit, Le Corbusier was sure that Bogota had the foundations of a large modern city. Through the
window of the plane he saw the hills, one of the most admired elements of the capital, because he considered that
with them is the harmony that all cities need. BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 LC with the students

Le Corbusier with architecture students of Colombia. Bogota. June 18, 1947. Rogelio Salmona and German Samper.
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 RENOVATION PLAN

The mayor of Bogotá requests his participation in collaboration


with the firm Town Planning Associates (TPA) founded in New
York by Josep Lluís Sert and Paul Lester Wiener to develop an BOG
Fernado Mazuera Villegas., mayor of Bogota.
urban plan for the city. PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 Pilot and regulatory

REGULATORY PLAN – TPA (JOSEP LLUIS SERT AND PAUL LESTER WIENER) PILOT PLAN – LE CORBUSIER

Town Planning Association (TPA) was the company that was in charge of the urban approaches that had been
imposed by the World Bank, which is why in Bogotá the renovation plan was divided into two: Pilot Plan or
Director (Le Corbusier) and Regulatory Plan (Sert and Wiener). BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 Pilot and regulatory

1947 ----------------------- 1948

"The pilot plan has two moments: one is the establishment of the general ideas of ordering the plan, of how the
city is going to have some basic premises of ordering and that later it enters a regulatory plan that is the one that
converts those general premises into regulations so that this can be carried out “.
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BACk to bogota. 1949

Wiener, Le Corbusier, Arbelaez, Camacho and Sert.

Le Corbusier and the TPA also had the support of a group of Colombian architects from the Bogota Regulatory
Plan Office (OPRB), an organization created especially for the renovation plan. On March 30, 1949, the scope,
objectives and responsibilities of each of the teams were defined.
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 BEGINNING WORK. 1950

The material that left Bogota for France was impressive. With what remained of the meeting, Le Corbusier
arrived at the atelier of the rue de Sèvres to work with Rogelio Salmona, Germán Samper and Reinaldo BOG
Valencia, the Colombian architects who were working in his office at that time and began to make the proposal. PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 LAST VISITS. 1950-1951

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CURIOUS FACT. wedding

BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: archdaily/le_corbusier.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CONTENT
WHO IS LE CORBUSIER ?

THEORETICAL APPROACHES

BOGOTA OF THE LATE 40´S

PILOT PLAN OF BOGOTA

WHAT´S THE PLAN ABOUT?


BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 PILOT PLAN OF BOGOTA

The plan consisted of four parts: the regional plan, the metropolitan plan, the urban plan and the civic center. BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 Regional plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 Regional plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 Regional plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 Regional plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 METROpolitan plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 METROpolitan plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 METROpolitan plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 METROpolitan plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 METROpolitan plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 URBAN plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 URBAN plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 URBAN plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 URBAN plan

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CIVic center

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CIVic center

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CIVic center

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CIVic center

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 CIVic center

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 WHAT HAPPENED?

BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: www.eltiempo.co.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 WHAT HAPPENED?

BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 WHAT HAPPENED?
I´m going to build my own plan
I MADE A
NEW PLAN

With Blackjack and hookers. BOG


PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 WHAT HAPPENED?

BOG
PILOT PLAN
TAKEN FROM: www.eltiempo.co.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 VESTIGES OF THE PLAN

TAKEN FROM:
BOG
PILOT PLAN
PROA Magazine #73 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 VESTIGES OF THE PLAN

TAKEN FROM:
BOG
PILOT PLAN
PROA Magazine #73 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 VESTIGES OF THE PLAN

THE 10th AVENUE

TAKEN FROM:
PROA Magazine #73
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 VESTIGES OF THE PLAN

PEDESTRIANIZATION OF
THE 7TH AVENUE
BOG
TAKEN FROM: PILOT PLAN
www.eltiempo.com.co 1947 - 1953
BOG
PILOT PLAN
1947 - 1953 VESTIGES OF THE PLAN

BOG
PILOT PLAN
CUAN BOGOTA. TAKEN FROM: www.eltiempo.com.co 1947 - 1953
AN UTOPIA OF
LE CORBUSIER
LC PILOT PLAN
BOGOTA
REFERENCE SOURCES:
• https://www.archdaily.co/co/775105/infografia-de-la-vida-de-le-corbusier-por-vincent-mahe?ad_medium=gallery

• http://www.javeriana.edu.co/pesquisa/wp-content/uploads/pesquisa18_03.pdf

• http://www.fondationlecorbusier.fr/corbuweb

• https://www.archdaily.co/co/872193/una-utopia-de-le-corbusier-llamada-bogota

• https://www.semana.com/cultura/articulo/la-bogota-que-sono-le-corbusier/543187

• https://revistadiners.com.co/actualidad/34970_le-corbusier-la-bogota-pudo/

• https://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-4495566