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MagMaster Pulse/Frequency Output


The pulse/frequency output is a standard feature in every MagMaster transmitter. Two separate outputs to
customer instrumentation are available for generating pulses for both forward and reverse flow. The pulse output
feature is separate from the internal totalizers that are also standard with every MagMaster transmitter.

Transistor switches are internally tied to customer access terminals "FOUTA" for forward flow, "FOUTB" for
reverse flow, and the common "PLSOV". The pulse/frequency output is used with external counters, totalizers,
batch controllers, PLC's, relays etc.

MagMaster Pulse/Frequency Output Connections

SPECIFICATIONS: Maximum frequency is 800 HZ (pulses/sec). Pulse widths are programmable up to 2.5 sec.
Minimum frequency resolution is less than 0.1 pulse per day. The frequency limit is settable from 1HZ to 800 HZ
in 1 HZ steps. The isolated transistor switch of the pulse/frequency output is capable of sinking a minimum of
0.250 amps with the voltage limited to 35V dc. If the internal current limit is exceeded (approximately 1 amp),
pulse output will internally shut off to prevent damage to the circuit. Design should be for 0.25 amp max. Current
limiting resistors should be used if the external counter does not contain current limiting circuits.
Electromechanical counters that have inductive coils should have voltage clamping diodes across them to
prevent overvoltage conditions. Capacitive devices have inrush currents that should be limited by resistors.

ABB Instrumentation  1


MagMaster Pulse/Frequency Output

The output from "FOUTA" and "FOUTB" is an open collector transistor switch that conducts or opens upon
command from the microprocesser. Voltage for driving counters or frequency measurement devices is not
supplied by the pulse output circuit but has to be externally supplied either by the external totalizer or a separate
supply. Some electronic counters or relays require little voltage and 5 vdc is available from the "EXTI/P+"
terminal which is limited to 20 ma. These connections are made to the "FOUTA" or "FOUTB" terminals directly
and then to the external device.

Some counters such as some HECON models have a battery built into the counter circuit so that no external
supply is required. Care must be taken to insure correct polarity. The common terminal is "PLSOV" and 2
terminal positions are available. Note that "PLSOV" is also common to the alarm circuit. Isolation is standard
between the pulse output circuit and the current output and the electrode signal inputs to the transmitter.

The voltage supplied to the transistor switch must be large enough so that capacitance does not affect operation
at the higher frequencies. i.e. HECON series counters that have internal 1.3 volts cannot reach 800 HZ.

Totalizers - The totalizers are separate 9 digit internal counters stored in the microprocessor and have no
relationship to the pulse output unless the pulse factor is 1 and the volume units are the same. The totalizers are
not affected by the pulse output parameters and vice versa with the exception of the "PLS Cutoff". This
parameter stops the counts or frequency output of both the totalizer and the pulse output circuit. The totalizer
parameters are contained in menu 7. See the definition of the parameters in the menu explanations.


Pulse output parameters are contained in menu "6". Following is a listing of the parameter menu locations and
explanations. Also listed is the short form description that appears on the displays including the Keypad.

Parameter "61" - "Pls Fact" - pulse factor: Required number of output pulses per flow volume unit.
The parameter contained in "61" is used in conjunction with the flow rate volume unit of measure to provide a
pulse when the multiple reaches 1. Note that it is not tied in with the totalizer units. The totalizer units are strictly
internal to the transmitter totalizers and does not affect the pulse output.

The multiplier for the flowrate volume unit changes the unit of measure which then affects the rate.

The pulse factor does not have to be a whole number but there are restrictions on the numeric value:
1. The number cannot be greater than 21000.
2. Only 5 places to the right of the decimal are registered and used in calculations. To overcome these
limitations, use the multiplying factors for the flow rate.


MagMaster Pulse/Frequency Output

Also, the value entered may be displayed with a small error in the decimal digits e.g. 1.900 may be
displayed as 1.899. This is a display characteristic and the value 1.900 will be used by the MagMaster.

Example 1: If the flowrate is in US gallons per minute (UGal/Min) and the pulse factor is 1 , a pulse will occur for
each gallon of flow. A flowrate of 100 USGPM will produce 100 pulses in a minute or 1.6 HZ pulse frequency.

Example 2: If the flow rate is in kUGal/Min (UGal + multiplier of k and Min), and the pulse factor is 1, a pulse will
occur for each 1000 gallons of flow. A flow rate of 10 kUGal/Min will generate 10 pulses in a minute or
0.16 HZ.
Example 3. Suppose a pulse has to be generated for each beer barrel which is 31 US gallon. A beer barrel is
not a standard choice of MagMaster units. However, by making the pulse factor 1/31 or .003..., a pulse will occur
for every 31 US gallons if the flowrate is in US gallons. A flow rate of 200 USGPM and a pulse factor of .003226
will generate 3.2 pulses in a minute or 0.05375 HZ.

Example 4. Suppose a pulse is to be generated for each pound of milk that flows. This is easily done if the
density per unit volume is known. if the pounds of milk are to be totalized and the milk has a density of 8.3
pounds per US gallons, set the pulse factor to 8.3 if the configured flow units are in US gallons.

Examples of units, time, and pulse factor effects

Frequency out (HZ) = Pulse Factor ("61") X Flowrate(units per minute) / Multiplier / 60. For time units other than
minutes use the appropriate divisor.

Flowrate Flowrate Pulse Frequency Total Pulses

Units/Time Actual Factor Out - HZ Outputted
Configured in "61" "64" display in minute
UGal/Min 100 USGPM 1 1.667 100
UGal/Min 100 USGPM .1 0.1667 10
UGal/Min 100 USGPM 10 16.67 1000
UGal/Min 100 USGPM .03226 0.05375 3 (3.2)
kUGal/Min 100 KUSGPM 1 1.667 100
kUGal/Min 100 USGPM 1 0.001667 0 (0.1)
kUGal/Dy 1000 KUSGPD 1 0.01157 0 (0.6942)
UGal/Hr 100 USGPH 1 0.02778 1 (1.67)
UGal/Hr 100 USGPM 1 0.00045 0 (0.28)
UGal/Min 300 USGPM 8.3 41.5 2490
cUGal/Min 100 USGPM 1 166.7 10,000

Parameter "62" - Pls Cutoff - Pulse cutoff. Enter the flow rate % (of "parameter 41") below which the pulse
output and totalizer cease to operate (no pulses or count changes). This function is useful to prevent false
readings at very low flows.

Parameter "63" - Pls Max - Maximum output pulse frequency settable in 1 HZ (pulses per second) steps from 1
HZ to 800 HZ. The number entered here will limit the output frequency. The absolute maximum frequency is 800
HZ. The numbered entered here is used in conjunction with the alarms menu "81B" "Alm No1 Pls" or "82B"
"Alm No2 Pls" for Pulse Output Overrange. If the frequency is exceeded and the alarm is enabled, the Alarm 1
or Alarm 2 output will be activated if the frequency is exceeded.


MagMaster Pulse/Frequency Output

Parameter "64" - Pls Hz - Displays the present output frequency (pulses per second). This parameter value
denotes that frequency that is actually occurring at the pulse output terminals. A negative value means either that
reverse direction flow is occurring or some interconnection wiring between the transmitter and sensor is reversed.

Note: This frequency shown is the frequency that should be coming from the output but if wiring problems exist
externally or the voltage supply is too low, even though it shows a frequency in this parameter, it is not a
guarantee that it is actually occurring on the outputs. This same frequency is displayed in the Test Mode
page menu "C4" (Test Hz).

Parameter "65" - Pls Idle - Pulse output idle state with no output pulse (e.g. at zero flow). The choices are "0" or
"1". This determines whether the output transistor is conducting with no pulse. A zero will result in the output
being a low state with the transistor conducting or as often considered "normally closed".
0 = Low (output transistor ON)
1 = High (output transistor OFF)

Parameter "66" - Pls Size. Enter the desired output pulse width in milliseconds. A "0" will generate a square
wave. Any other number selected will round up to the next higher 10 msecs. Ex: If 8 is entered, 10 msec pulses
will be generated. If "12" is entered, 20 msec pulses will be generated.
Note that the maximum pulse width depends on the frequency.

Testing configuration and wiring setup - This is easily done without actual flow by using the Test Mode, then
comparing the frequency shown in the "Test Hz" parameter in the Test Mode page menu with the output pulse
total over a period of time or the frequency measured.

Batch control - The MagMaster transmitter is not a true batch controller. A relay cannot be actuated when a
certain totalizer value is reached but the pulse factor can simulate this action somewhat. Suppose a valve is to
be closed after 1000 gallons has flowed through the sensor. The pulse factor can be set to .001 so that when a
1000 gallons is reached a pulse is generated. The pulse will continue to change and this must be taken into
account in the external circuit.

Time response - For batching operations with short time runs, it is normally best to have the fastest time
constant. Set the response parameter "45 - Flow Rspns" to 1. The current output may be somewhat noisy.

The Company’s policy is one of continuous product

improvement and the right is reserved to modify
specifications contained herein without notice.
©1998 ABB Instrumentation

ABB Instrumentation Inc. ABB Kent-Taylor Ltd. ABB Kent-Taylor SpA
P.O. Box 20550 St. Neots Cambs. 22016 Lenno
Rochester, New York 14602-0550 England, PE19 3EU Como, Italy
Tel: (716) 292-6050 Tel: (01480) 475321 Tel: (0344) 58111
Fax: (716) 273-6207 Fax: (01480) 217948 Fax: (0344) 56278