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ARE STUDIES MORE BENEFICIAL IN INDIA OR IN ABROAD

INTRODUCTION:

It doesn't really matter where you studying until and unless you are actually

prepared for it. Since the cost of education is also raising in India and abroad as

well and everyday a new career coming up, there is tremendous scope for

students to invest in the right kind of education. It is necessary that parents plan

in advance for their child's education to face future uncertainties. So we can

know go through a glance of information which I have collected and after that

we can conclude where the studies are more beneficial in india or abroad.

EDUCATION IN INDIA:

 India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years, dating

back to ancient seats of learning like Nalanda. In modern times, Indian

educational institutions such as the (IITs, IISc, IIMs, NITs,AIIMS, ISI, BITS

and ISB) are well known worldwide. India, being a developing nation,

struggles with challenges in its primary education and strives to reach 100%

literacy. Universal Compulsory Primary Education, with its challenges of

keeping poor children in school and maintaining quality of education in rural

areas, has been difficult to achieve (Kerala is an Indian state to reach this

goal so far). All levels of education in India, from primary to higher


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education, are overseen by the Ministry of Human Resource Development

(Department of Higher Education (India) and Department of School

Education and Literacy), and heavily subsidized by the Indian government,

though there is a move to make higher education partially self-financing. The

Indian Government is considering allowing 100% foreign direct investment

in Higher Education.

 Indian Education System comprises stages called Nursery, Primary,

Secondary, Higher Secondary, Graduation & Post Graduation. Some

students go in different stream after Secondary for 3 Years Technical

education called Polytechnics

 There are broadly four stages of school education in India, namely

NOTINDIAN primary, upper primary, secondary and higher secondary (or

high school). Overall, schooling lasts 12 years, following the "10+2 pattern".

However, there are considerable differences between the various states in

terms of the organizational patterns within these first 10 years of schooling.

The government is committed to ensuring universal elementary education

(primary and upper primary) education for all children aged 6-14 years of

age. Primary school includes children of ages six to eleven, organized into

classes one through five. Upper Primary and Secondary school pupils aged

eleven through fifteen are organized into classes six through ten, and higher

secondary school students ages sixteen through seventeen are enrolled in


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classes eleven through twelve. In some places there is a concept called

Middle/Upper Primary schools for classes between six to eight.

In India, the main types of schools are those controlled by:

 The state government boards like SSLC, in which the vast majority of Indian

school-children are enrolled,

 The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) board,

 The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) board,

 National Open School and

 "International schools." These schools mimic the schools in the West in

pattern and syllabi and are considerably more expensive than regular

schools. The exams conducted have the syllabus of any one of the above-

mentioned Councils or Boards.

 Overall, according to the latest Government Survey undertaken by NUEPA

(DISE, 2005-6), there are 1,124,033 schools.

PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION:

Pre-primary education in India is not a fundamental right, with a very low

percentage of children receiving preschool educational facilities. The largest

source of provision is the so called Integrated Child Development Services (or


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ICDS) and anganwadis. However, the preschool component in the same remains

weak.

In the absence of significant government provisions, the private sector (reaching

to the relatively richer section of society) has opened schools. Provisions in

these kindergartens are divided into two stages - lower kindergarten (LKG) and

upper kindergarten (UKG). Typically, an LKG class would comprise children 3

to 4 years of age, and the UKG class would comprise children 4 to 5 years of

age. After finishing upper kindergarten, a child enters Class 1 (or, Standard 1)

of primary school. Often kindergarten is an integral part of regular

schools,though there is a marked trend towards exclusive prep schools.

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION:

During the eighth five-year plan, the target of "universalizing" elementary

education was divided into three broad parameters: Universal Access, Universal

Retention and Universal Achievement i.e., making education accessible to

children, making sure that they continue education and finally, achieving goals.

As a result of education programs, by the end of 2000, 94% of India's rural

population had primary schools within one km and 84% had upper primary

schools within 3 km. Special efforts were made to enroll SC/ST and girls. To

achieve this the Government launched Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

HIGHER EDUCATION:
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Higher education in India has evolved in distinct and divergent streams with

each stream monitored by an apex body, indirectly controlled by the Ministry of

Human Resource Development and funded by the state governments. Most

universities are administered by the States, however, there are 18 important

universities called Central Universities, which are maintained by the Union

Government. The increased funding of the central universities give them an

advantage over state competitors.

The Indian Institutes of Technology were placed 50th in the world and 2nd in

the field of Engineering (next only to MIT) by Times Higher World University

Rankings although they did not appear in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Academic Ranking of World Universities.There are several thousands colleges

in India, Which provides technical education. The Indian Technical Education

are very strong these days. They are producing millions of engineers every year.

ACCREDITATION:

Accreditation for universities in India is required by law unless it was created

through an act of Parliament. Without accreditation, the government notes

"these fake institutions have no legal entity to call themselves as

University/Vishwvidyalaya and to award ‘degree' which are not treated as

valid for academic/employment purposes"[4]. University Grants Commission

Act 1956 explains,


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"the right of conferring or granting degrees shall be exercised only by a

University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act carlo bon

tempo, or a State Act, or an Institution deemed to be University or an institution

specially empowered by an Act of the Parliament to confer or grant degrees.

Thus, any institution which has not been created by an enactment of Parliament

or a State Legislature or has not been granted the status of a Deemed to be

University, is not entitled to award a degree."[4]

Accreditation for higher learning is overseen by autonomous institutions

established by the University Grants Commission[5]:

 All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)

 Distance Education Council (DEC)

 Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

 Bar Council of India (BCI)

 National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)

 National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)

 Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)

 Medical Council of India (MCI)

 Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)


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 Indian Nursing Council (INC)

 Dental Council of India (DCI)

 Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)

 Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)

 veterinary council of india (VCI)

EDUCATION IN ABROAD:

Studying abroad is the act of a student pursuing educational opportunities in

another country.

Length of study can range from one week, usually during a domestic break, to

an academic year, encompassing a couple academic terms, to an entire degree

program that spans several years. The most common are semester long

programs that cover either the spring or fall semester. There are also winter and

summer semester programs. The winter semester programs, for public, 4-year

universities, are usually more focused on a specific area of the countries culture

due to the shortened time students have in the country.

Some students choose to study abroad to learn a language from native speakers.

Others may take classes in their academic major in a place that allows them to

expand their hands-on experience (e.g. someone who’s studying marine biology

studying abroad in Jamaica or a student of sustainable development living and


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studying in a remote village in Senegal). Other students may study abroad in

order to get a credential within the framework of a different educational system

(e.g. a student who goes to the United States to study medicine), or a university

student from Albania who goes to Germany to study mechanical engineering.

HISTORY:

In the USA, the act of studying abroad originated with faculty-led programs.

One such pioneer was Professor David Starr Jordan (January 19, 1851 –

September 19, 1931), who became president of Indiana University at age 34. He

started with short, domestic walking tours in Indiana and ended with

international tours around the world. One of his tours included 250 miles of

walking, plus additional travel by trains and boats, through Switzerland,

Germany, Italy, France, and England.

There was a time when study abroad was seen as an option primarily for foreign

language students. Recently this has changed, and the scope of study abroad

programs has increased greatly. The majority of US students now choose short-

term study abroad programs according to the most recent IIE Open Doors

Reports. In the 2008-09 academic year , the five countries US students chose to

study abroad in most were the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, France, and China.

The total number of US students studying abroad during 2008-09 was 262,416.[

TYPES OF PROGRAMS:
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U.S. students can choose from a wide range of study abroad programs

differentiated by mission, provider type, and degree of integration. Universities

may (a) own and operate their own programs, (b) rely on outside partners,

and/or (c) allow students to select external programs of their choice (with

approval). Either way, there are five common paths to studying abroad for

credit.

Direct Enrollment - A student applies directly to the host institution (through

its international student office), enrolls in courses available to international

students, and makes his/her own travel arrangements.

Consortium - A shared group of programs that either (a) belong to different

institutions and/or (b) are organized by way a group effort. There are usually

financial or other benefits to membership, which may be open or closed.

Home-Owned and Operated - Either the home university owns overseas

facilities and contracts all the staff OR it sends faculty leaders abroad with a

group of students. The faculty-student group may travel about or stay put and is

commonly known as a faculty-led program or travel-study course.

STUDY ABROAD RESOURCES:

There are a number of print editions compiling study abroad programs. These

trade and special interest publications are frequently available at college study

abroad offices. There are also several online directories with program
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information and student reviews. Some of the most popular directories include:

studyabroad.com, goabroad.com, iiepassport.com, and abroadscout.com (which

also includes student reviews).

In some countries, students wishing to study abroad seek help from study

abroad recruiters. Study abroad recruiters have contracts with universities and

colleges in different countries, and act as representatives of these institutions.

Their role is to provide details about course, fee structures, fee payments

procedures, scholarships options of intended institution, help students with

application procedures. They also provide guidance on the visa processes of the

host country.

ADVANTAGES:

FUNDING STUDIES:

Costs for a study abroad program include:

 Health insurance

 Living costs incurred during the program

 Passport and visa fees

 Round-trip transportation for the approved program

 Tuition and fees for the program

Students who wish to study abroad fund their studies through a variety of

sources, including gifts or loans from family, grants from their home
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governments, grants from host nations or host universities, scholarships and

bank loans.

SCHLOARSHIPS:

Scholarships are offered by a many organizations and foundations. Scholarships

are usually highly competitive, because there are far more students that apply

for them than can be served.

GOVERNMENT STUDENT LOANS:

In the USA, amendments made in 1992 to the Higher Education Act of 1965,

TITLE VI, SEC. 601-604[ in the U.S. ruled that students can receive financial

aid for study abroad if they are enrolled in a program that is approved by their

home institution and would be eligible to receive government funding without

regard to whether the study abroad program is required as a part of the student's

degree.

CONCLUSION:

Students 'should study abroad' ,More United States college students should be

studying abroad, according to the Education Secretary, Richard Riley. He says

the US should also be encouraging more foreign students to study at US

colleges, as promoting international education is essential to "future global co-

operation and understanding". "Many more American college students need to

see the world with a new set of eyes. And the best way for
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them to see the world as it really is, is to study overseas," he said. "The United

States has much to learn, as well as gain, by such an engagement with the

world."

In my opinion students should study abroad for the following reasons:

 Global awareness

 More than just mobility

 Internationalization

 Academic relevance

 Knowledge sharing