This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
There are two ways of reporting what speakers have said, direct and indirect. Direct speech is used when we want to repeat the original speaker's exact words, while indirect speech is used when we want to give the exact meaning of a speech without quoting the speaker's exact words. A. Indirect speech can be introduced by a verb in a present tense. This usually when we are. 1. reporting a conversation that is still going on 2. reading a letter or something else and reporting what it said 3. reading instructions and reporting them 4. reporting a statement that someone makes very often e.g. Andrew says that he will never get married. Andrew says,"I will never get married".
Further, when the introductory verb (reporting verb) is in a present, present perfect, or future tense (less common), the tense of the direct speech does not change. Study the following examples: 1. He says,"I am unwell." He says (that) he is unwell. 2. He has just said,"My master is writing letters." He has just said (that) his master is writing letters. 3. He says,"I have passed the examination." He says (that) he ahs passed the examination. B. But indirect speech is usually introduced by a verb in the past tense. When the reporting or principle verb is in the past tense, all present tense or verb in the direct speech have to be changed into the corresponding past tense. The changes are shown as follows: 1. Tenses a.simple present goes to simple past b.present continuous goes to past continuous c.present perfect goes to past perfect d.simple past goes to past perfect e.present perfect continuous goes to past perfect continuous f.present future goes to past future (conditional) g.present future continuous goes to past future continuous (conditional continuous)
He said. "I'll do it tomorrow".the day before/the previous day f. Adverbs a.a year ago . think. believe"."You can leave us now.here ."I have done my homework."I have seen this film."I saw these boys yesterday.yesterday ."I am unwell. She said to me.two days before i. and is obligatory after the verbs "mention.in two days' time j. She said." Andrew said to Tom that he (Tom) was wrong." He said that he had seen that film. 9.now .ago . she promised. He said he had seen her two days before. Study the folowing examples: 1."You are wrong.the night before/the previous night g. Andrew said to Tom.go there/here 'that' is usually optional after the verbs "say. 6.a year before/the previous year k. state"." John told me that I might leave them then." He said (that) he was unwell. report. Jane said.the next day/the following day e." .the day after tomorrow .this . 2. 7."I don't believe you.last night .next week/year . "I saw her the day before yesterday". 3.those c. John told me. 8. Others a. He said. She promised that she would do it the next day.before c. he said." She said that she saw those boys yesterday. declare. 5.the day before yesterday .that day d.2.then b.today .the following week/year h.tomorrow .there etc." She said (that) she didn't believe you. 4.these .come . 3. tell.that b.
Ali says ( Ali berkata) . Prinsip kerja kalimat ini adalah senantiasa terdiri dari : 1. REPORTED SPEECH ( Kalimat yang diberitakan) . father". Jika Reporting Speechnya terdiri dari : .Dian says ( Dian berkata) .I am very sleepy ( Saya sangat lapar) .com/2006/08/direct-and-indirect-speech-in-english.I will visit you on holiday ( Saya akan mengunjungimu pada waktu liburan) . she said. She said to (told) her father that she was starting in two days' time Source: http://ekamanis. 10.Present Continuous Tense .blogspot. Sedangkan informasi yang diterima oleh orang kedua disampaikan lagi kepada orang ketiga dan seterusnya disebut dengan kalimat tidak langsung.html DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH (Kalimat langsung dan tidak langsung) Pengertian kalimat langsung adalah kalimat yang disampaikan kepada orang pertama kepada orang kedua.Budi said ( Budi berkata) dan lain sebagainya. "I'm starting the day after tomorrow.Present Future Tense . 1.Present Perfect Tense .We study English together ( Kita belajar bahasa Inggris bersama-sama) Cara merubah kalimat langsung menjadi tidak langsung ( DIRECT menjadi INDIRECT) yaitu sebagai berikut : 1. REPORTING SPEECH ( Kalimat yang memberitakan) .Simple Present Tense .Jane said that she had done her homework.
( Simple Present Tense dan Present Perfect Tense yang paling sering dipergunakan). Contoh : 1. The students say that they have done their homework very well.Simple Past Tense . Ali says :” I am very sleepy now” (Kalimat langsung) Ali says that he is very sleepy now (Kalimat tidak langsung) 1. The students say :” We have done our homework very well”.Past Perfect Tense Maka akan terjadi perubahan tenses dan kata keterangan waktu pada Reported Speechnya. dan possessivenya saja. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan seperti pada table berikut : DIRECT I My Your You We Our INDIRECT He/She His / Her My Me They Their 1. Jika Reporting Speechnya terdiri dari : . Ketiga contoh di atas memberikan gambaran bahwa tidak terjadi perubahan pada Reported Speechnya. Diana has said :” I need your help to solve my problem Diana said that she needs my help to solve her problem 1. namun yang berubah hanya subjek. Maka TIDAK TERJADI PERUBAHAN TENSES pada Reported Speechnya. Perubahan-perubahan tersebut yaitu sebagai berikut : DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH .
..……before That Those There Contoh Kalimat : 1.before . . Present Continuous Tense berubah menjadi Past Continuous Tense Robby said:” I am writing a letter to my friend now”.. Simple Present Tense berubah menjadi Simple Past Tense Ridha said:” I want to come to your house on Sunday”. 1. Ridha said that she wanted to come to my house on Sunday.Simple Present Tense Present Continuous Tense Present Future Tense Simple Past Tense Present Perfect Tense Simple Past Tense Past Continuous Tense Past Future Tense Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Perubahan Kata Keterangan waktu : DIRECT SPEECH Now Tomorrow ……Later Next…… Yesterday Last……. The following…… The day before ……. ……ago This These Here INDIRECT SPEECH Then The following day The following…….
Nancy had said :” I will visit your village next December”. sehingga tidak terjadi perubahan tenses pada reported speechnya. Nancy had said that she would visit my village the following December.html . The secretary said that she had typed those contract letters for an hour. Simple Past Tense berubah menjadi Past Perfect Tense. Present Future Tense berubah menjadi Past Future Tense. 1. Tony said :” I will give you a present if you get the first rank”. Sedangkan pada kalimat yang kedua Reporting Speechnya adalah TONY SAID ( Simple Past Tense ). Tommy said :” I drove my new car on the highway yesterday”. 1. Source: http://blockelevasi. Present Perfect Tense berubah menjadi Past Perfect Tense.com/2010/05/direct-and-indirect-speech. berubah menjadi : Tony said that he would give me a present if I got the first rank.blogspot. The secretary said :” I have typed these contract letters for an hour”. Bandingkan beberapa contoh berikut : Tony says:” I will give you a present if you get the first rank”. berubah menjadi : Tony says that he will give me a present if I get the first rank. sehingga terjadi perubahan tenses pada Reported Speechnya. Tommy said that he had driven his new on the highway the day before. 1. Pada kalimat yang pertama Reporting speechnya adalah TONY SAYS ( Simple Pesent Tense ).Robby said that he was writing a letter to his friend then.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.