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MONDAY, MARCH 3, 2008
About Us www.hvacindia.org.in is a portal launched by ISHRAE (Indian Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), to promote Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration (HVAC and R) industry in India. ISHRAE is an associate of ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers). The portal is sponsored by leading companies. The portal is co-ordinated by Rajeev Kakkar more
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Cooling load calculation
Space Heat Gain and Space Cooling Load Space heat gain is the rate at which heat enters a space, or heat generated within a space during a time interval. Space cooling load is the rate at which heat is removed from the conditioned space to maintain a constant space air temperature. Figure 3 shows the difference between the space heat gain and the space cooling load. The difference between the space heat gain and the space cooling load is due to the storage of a portion of radiant heat in the structure. The convective component is converted to space cooling load instantaneously. more
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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2008
How to calculate cooling/ heating load
For details. please go to http://www.POSTED BY
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THURSDAY.hvacindia. Providing sufficient cooling is essential to ensure reliable running of servers. Early warning of problems and spare capacity in the
.gov/dirun/28nov. HLCP is a for-purchase program. Posted by Kaks at 5:37 PM 0 comments
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Calculating The Size of a Server Room Air Conditioner
This article is a quick guide to how to work out your requirements for an air conditioning unit for your Server Room or Data Center*. In practice it’s rather more complicated. meant to be used with the Energy Plus simulation engine. DECEMBER 1.
Fire regulations often require that Server Rooms have levels of insulation far above that of a normal office.. just add together all the sources of heat and install an air conditioning unit that can remove that much. 2007
Hourly Load Calculation Program
"Indian Interface to EnergyPlus: HLCP Hourly Load Calculation Program HLCP (Hourly Load Calculation Programme) is a graphical user interface for design-day and hourly load calculations for Indian cities. switches and other key equipment.. routers.pdf End of Post Read more on this article.com/hlcp/ "http://gundog.lbl. DECEMBER 6. Failure of the air conditioning can have serious consequences for the equipment itself and for your company. In principle it’s easy to calculate the size of air conditioning unit you need for your Server Room.
Windows BTU = South Window(s) BTU + North Window(s) BTU
. 1KW is equivalent to 3412BTUs. your Server Room has no windows. as is quite common.cooling system are both highly desirable. and whether they have blinds or shades The number of room occupants (if any) The heat generated by equipment The heat generated by lighting
Floor Area of Room The amount of cooling required depends on the area of the room.
South Window BTU = South Facing window Length (m) x Width (m) x 870 North Window BTU = North Facing windows Length (m) x Width (m) x 165 If there are no blinds on the windows multiply the result(s) by 1. by taking into account those that apply in your circumstances and adding them together a reasonably accurate measure of the total heat can be calculated*. If. you can ignore this part of the calculation.
Obviously if you are in the Southern Hemisphere you would swap the conversion factors as the heat on North facing windows is then greatest. Heat is measured in either British Thermal Units (BTU) or Kilowatts (KW). To calculate the area in square metres:
Room Area BTU = Length (m) x Width (m) x 337
Window Size and Position If.
Factors include: The floor area of the room The size and position of windows. The heat load depends on a number of factors.
Add together all the BTUs for the windows.
Calculating Heat Load
The amount of heat generated is known as the heat gain or heat load. however there are windows you need to take the size and orientation into account.5.
However it is probably safer to overestimate the wattage than underestimate it. The heat output is around 400 BTU per person.25.
Lighting BTU = Total wattage for all lighting x 4. venting to the outside world. Routers and multiply by 3.5. Small units may fit in windows.
Equipment BTU = Total wattage for all equipment x 3.
* Disclaimer: This calculation is intended as a rough guide only.
So what size of unit do I need? Small air conditioning units have a cooling capacity of between 5000 and 10000 BTUs.
Total Occupant BTU = Number of occupants x 400 Equipment
Clearly most heat in a Server Room is generated by the equipment. Total Cooling Required Add all the BTUs together. The wattage on equipment is the maximum power consumption rating. 1 ton of cooling is equivalent to 12 thousand BTUs. the actual power consumed may be less. Larger units may be rated in tons of cooling.Occupants
Purpose built Server Rooms don’t normally have people working in them.25
Total Heat Load = Room Area BTU + Windows BTU + Total Occupant BTU + Equipment BTU + Lighting BTU Total Heat Load x 2 (Factor of Safety) is the Cooling Load
This is the amount of cooling required so you need one or more air conditioning units to handle that amount of heat. but if people do regularly work in your Server Room you will have to take that into account. Switches. Add together all the wattages for Servers. Complete
Take the total wattage of the lighting and multiply by 4. This is trickier to calculate that you might think.
Before you decide on an air conditioning unit you should commission an audit from a suitably qualified air conditioning equipment specialist or installer. technical author and QA Director. SEPTEMBER 15. Read more about OPENXTRA and this blog. This blog is here to help you get the most out of our products and network management in general. as product trainer. 2007
Heat Load calculations
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How Air conditioning works
by Marshall Brain Inside This Article 1. About the Author Denis Laverty possesses more than 17 years experience in network management and communications.accuracy cannot be guaranteed. About OPENXTRAOPENXTRA Limited is a privately held network management VAR based in the UK. In 2003 he co-founded OPENXTRA together with Jack Hughes and serves as its Managing Director. Denis has been involved with network management applications from the early DOS days.
. SubscribeSubscribe now with RSS or subscribe by Email Your email: Article Categories Network Managemement Network
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Mixed in with the Freon is a small amount of a lightweight oil. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online. The mechanics of the Freon evaporation cycle are the same in a refrigerator as in an air conditioner. low-pressure Freon gas (light blue in the diagram above). So this is the general concept involved in air conditioning. and in the process it evaporates to become cold. Window AC Units 4.Introduction to How Air Conditioners Work 2. Split-system AC Units 5. This oil lubricates the compressor. See all Household Appliances articles Air-conditioning BasicsAn air conditioner is basically a refrigerator without the insulated box. The Freon liquid runs through an expansion valve. to provide cooling. causing it to become hot. and it condenses into a liquid. Chilled-water and Cooling-tower AC Units 6." Diagram of a typical air conditioner This is how the evaporation cycle in an air conditioner works (See How Refrigerators Work for complete details on this cycle): The compressor compresses cool Freon gas. the term Freon is generically "used for any of various nonflammable fluorocarbons used as refrigerants and as propellants for aerosols. we'll take a look inside a window unit. Air-conditioning Basics 3. highpressure Freon gas (red in the diagram above). It uses the evaporation of a refrigerant. Lots More Information 7. This cold gas runs through a set of coils that allow the gas to absorb heat and cool down the air inside the building. like Freon. In the next section. PREVIOUS NEXT more
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. This hot gas runs through a set of coils so it can dissipate its heat.
and maintain pressure relationships between spaces. The invention of the components of HVAC systems goes hand-in-hand with the industrial revolution. William Rankine.. where humidity and temperature must all be closely regulated whilst maintaining safe and healthy conditions within. How air is delivered to. All seek to provide thermal comfort. UK) the term "Building Services" is also used. ventilation. Willis Carrier. installation. "building services" designers and engineers. such as mechanical. HVAC systems can provide ventilation. more HLCP FAQ's
. James Joule. and many others. or ventilation is dropped as HACR (such as the designation of HACR-rated circuit breakers). Refrigeration is sometimes added to the field's abbreviation as HVAC&R or HVACR. and new methods of modernization. In certain regions (e. Sadi Carnot. ventilation. For larger buildings where required by law. and to inventions and discoveries made by Michael Faraday. or building services engineers analyze. design. acceptable indoor air quality. contractors normally "size" and select HVAC systems and equipment. building permits for. and code-compliance inspections of the installations are the norm.HVAC (pronounced either "H-V-A-C" or. and specify the HVAC systems. Reuben Trane. reduce air infiltration. For very small buildings. ventilation. higher efficiency. The three functions of heating. and air conditioning". and removed from spaces is known as room air distribution. "H-VAK") is an initialism/acronym that stands for "heating. and system control are constantly introduced by companies and inventors all over the world. but may also include plumbing and electrical systems. and heat transfer. In modern buildings the design. fluid mechanics. and air-conditioning are closely interrelated. and reasonable installation. In all buildings. occasionally. Heating. HVAC is sometimes referred to as "climate control" and is particularly important in the design of medium to large industrial and office buildings such as sky scrapers and in marine environments such as aquariums. architectural. and control systems of these functions are integrated into one or more HVAC systems.g. and air conditioning is based on the basic principles of thermodynamics. and maintenance costs. and specialty mechanical contractors build and commission them. operation.
net/forum/showthread. measuring and testing equipment
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