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Technical Information Lugalvan® DC

Ingredient of transparent protective coatings for use in the

electroplating industry

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Lugalvan DC

Chemical nature Aqueous emulsion of an ethylene copolymer

Physical form Aqueous, opalescent emulsion

Concentration 20 – 22 %
(ISO 3251, 2 h at 120 °C)

Viscosity 25 –170 s
(ISO 2431, 4 mm cup, 23 °C)

Density 0.98 –1.00 g/cm3

(DIN 51757, Part 1, 23 °C,
ASTM D 1298)

pH 8.5 – 9.5
(ISO 976)

The above information is correct at the time of going to press. It does not
necessarily form part of the product specification.

Storage The freeze-thaw stability of Lugalvan DC is very good. Its viscosity can
undergo a slight, gradual increase during storage. We would recommend
filtering it if it has been stored for a long time or if a crust has formed.
Lugalvan DC has a shelf life of one year, provided it is stored properly.

Lugalvan DC is applied to metal surfaces to improve their resistance to
corrosion and their aesthetic appearance. It forms films which adhere well
to metal. It is especially effective on chromated, zinc-plated parts. It also
reduces the tendency of chromium(VI) ions to be leached out. It can be
used to prevent nickel and other metals from tarnishing, and it can be
applied as a decorative coating to non-ferrous metals.

Lugalvan DC does not contain an emulsifier. It is miscible with water in all

proportions, provided the pH does not fall below 8.5. Experience has
shown that it can be advisable to add ammonia or amines such as
dimethylethanolamine to maintain the pH at around 9 in order to prevent

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0 5 10 15 20 25
Concentration (%)

Viscosity according to ISO 2431, 4 mm cup, 23 °C

Lugalvan DC can be applied by dipping, spinning or spraying. The thick-

ness of the film can be controlled by adjusting the viscosity of the emul-
sion. The viscosity of the coating bath depends to a large extent on its
solids content, but the pH also plays an important part. Lugalvan DC
tends to become less viscous at pH values above 9.5.

Normally, coatings with a solids content of 5 % will form a film approxi-

mately 1 µm thick. Thicker films can be obtained by increasing the solids
content, or multiple coats can be applied. The latter is the best method
from the point of view of ensuring that pigmented coatings are applied

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It can be advisable to dry coatings at elevated temperatures, depending
on the thickness of the film. Coatings can be removed from coating equip-
ment, etc., with an alkaline stripper if they have not been cured. The
stripping process takes much longer if the coating has been cured.

Films formed from Lugalvan DC have a tensile strength of ca. 15 N/cm2

and an elongation at break as high as up to 400 %.

14 700

time/h Salt spray test

Film thickness (µm)
12 Drying conditions: 600
1 h at 60 °C, 2 days at 23 °C

10 500

8 Corrosion 400

6 300

4 200

2 Film thickness 100

0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22
Concentration (%)

Chromated, zinc-plated steel is much more resistant to corrosion if it is

coated with Lugalvan DC. Double the time was required for white corro-
sion to be observed on the coated metal compared to the uncoated metal
in the DIN 50021 SS salt spray test on typical acid-zinc plated and yellow
chromated steel parts dipped in a 5 % emulsion of Lugalvan DC, which
were dried for 30 min at 60 °C and left to cure for one week. The corro-
sion resistance can be increased by prolonging the curing time. The corro-
sion resistance and heat resistance of coatings can be improved even
further by adding silicates.

We would recommend adding a small amount of benzotriazole when

Lugalvan DC is applied to copper or copper alloys.

Alkaline stripper 30 g Sodium hydroxide (solid)

(Outline formulation) 40 g Sodium gluconate
10 g Lutensol® TO 15
30 g Lutensol GD 70
890 g Water

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We know of no ill effects that could have resulted from using Lugalvan DC
for the purpose for which it is intended and from processing it in accordance
with current practice.

According to our information and experience, Lugalvan DC does not exert

any harmful effects on health, provided that it is used properly, due atten-
tion is given to the precautions necessary for handling chemicals, and the
information and advice given in our Safety Data Sheet are observed.

Handling Lugalvan DC should be prevented from coming into contact with the eyes
and skin. Safety glasses should be worn when handling this product in its
undiluted form.

Further information is given in our Safety Data Sheet.

Disposal Lugalvan DC can be cleaned from coating equipment with aqueous,

alkaline cleaners after it has dried.

The polymer can be removed from waste water by adjusting its pH so that
it is slightly acid. The precipitate can then be filtered out.

The information submitted in this publication is based on our current
knowledge and experience. In view of the many factors that may affect
processing and application, these data do not relieve processors of the
responsibility of carrying out their own tests and experiments; neither do
they imply any legally binding assurance of certain properties or of suit-
ability for a specific purpose. It is the responsibility of those to whom we
supply our products to ensure that any proprietary rights and existing laws
and legislation are observed.

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Our guarantee extends to the continuous quality of our products as

they leave our factory and not to their usage in the field. Our
technical service will be pleased to answer any question you may
have concerning operation and use of our products:

Fax: +92(42)-36521213, Tel.: +92(42)-36521245 -46,


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