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FILTRATION PROCESS TROUBLESHOOTING

Trigger Possible Actions Possible Process


Changes
Sources Water Quality Changes
Changes in :  Perform necessary analysis  Adjust coagulant dosage.
 Turbidity  Asses overall process performance  Adjust mixer/flocculator mixing intensity.
 Colour  Perform jar test  Change frequency of sludge removal
 pH  Increase frequency of monitoring (increase or decrease)
 Temperature  Verify responses to process changes  Change filtration rate (add or delete filters)
 Alkalinity  Add lime or caustic soda if alkalinity is low.  Adjust backwash cycle. (rate, duration)
 Chlorine demand

Clarification Process Quality Changes


Changes in :  Asses overall performance.  Adjust coagulant dosage.
 Turbidity or floc carryover  Perform jar test.  Adjust mixer/flocculator mixing intensity.
 Metal ion residual carryover.  Check that selected chemical doses are being  Change frequency of sludge removal
applied. (increase or decrease)
 Change filtration rate (add or delete filters)
 Adjust backwash cycle. (rate, duration)
Filtration Problem

Changes resulting in :  Asses overall performance.  Adjust coagulant dosage.


 Head loss increase  Perform jar test.  Adjust mixer/flocculator mixing intensity.
 Short filter runs  Verify responses to process changes  Change frequency of sludge removal
 Media surface sealing  Manually remove mudballs. (increase or decrease)
 Mudballs  Replenish loss media  Decrease filtration rate
 Filter media cracks, shrinkage  Check head loss indicator for correct  Adjust backwash cycle. (rate, duration)
 Filter will not clean operations.
 Media loss
 Excessive head loss

Filter Outflow Quality Changes


Changes resulting in :  Asses overall performance.  Adjust coagulant dosage.
 Turbidity breakthrough  Perform jar test.  Adjust mixer/flocculator mixing intensity.
 Color  Verify process performance.  Change frequency of sludge removal
 pH a) Coagulation-flocculation process (increase or decrease)
 Chlorine demand b) Clarification process  Decrease filtration rate
c) Filtration process  Change chlorine dosage.

 Verify response to process changes at


appropriate time.