You are on page 1of 11

Design of Beam to Column End Plate with hunch Moment Connection

1) Section Properties :-
Connecting Beam Details :- Supporting Beam Details :- (Ref. BS4 PART-1-1993)
Section - UC356x406x340 S355JO Section - UC356x406x551 S355JO
D= 406.40 mm D= 455.60 mm
B= 403.00 mm B= 418.50 mm
tf = 42.90 mm tf = 67.50 mm
tw = 26.60 mm tw = 42.10 mm
Ixx = 122500.00 cm4 Ixx = 226900.00 cm4
T= 290.20 mm T= 290.20 mm
r= 15.20 mm r= 15.20 mm
A= 433.00 cm2 A= 702.00 cm2
Zp= 6999 cm3
2) Steel Grades :-
(Ref. EN10025-2004 TABLE-7)
Grade t 16 mm 16 < t 40 mm 40 < t 63 mm 3 t 100 mm
S275JR fy = 275 N/mm² 265 N/mm² 255 N/mm² fu = 410 to 560
S355J0 fy = 355 N/mm² 345 N/mm² 335 N/mm² fu = 470 to 630

Grade t < 20 mm 20 t 40 mm t > 40 mm (Ref. IS 2062 Table-2, Pg-4)


E250BR fy = 250 N/mm² 240 N/mm² 230 N/mm² fu = 410 N/mm²
E350BR fy = 350 N/mm² 330 N/mm² 320 N/mm² fu = 490 N/mm²

3) Bolt :- (Ref. IS 1367 Table-3, Pg-6 & Table-6, Pg-9 )


Bolt Dia. (db) mm. Hole Dia.(dh) mm. Anb mm² Grade fyb N/mm² fub N/mm²
M20 22 mm 245 8.8 640 800
M24 26 mm 353 10.9 900 1000
M30 33 mm 561
M36 39 mm 817

4) Partial Safety Factors For Materials ( m) :- (Ref. IS 800-2007 Table-5, Pg-30)


mo = 1.1 (For Yielding & Buckling)
m1 = 1.25 (For Ultimate Stress )
mb = 1.25 (For Bearing, Shop & Site Fabrication)

mf = 1.25 (For Friction, Shop & Site Fabrication)


mw = 1.25 (For Weld of Shop Fabrication)

5) Section classification :- = (250/fy)= (250/335) = 0.86

Section - UC356x406x287 b/tf = 201.5/42.9 = 4.69 < 9.4 = 8.08


Hence section is plastic

Section - UC356x406x235 b/tf = 209.25/67.50 = 3.1 < 9.4 = 8.08


Hence section is plastic

Page 1 of 11
6) Forces :-
Shear Force (Fy) = 313KN (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.12.11.2.2, Pg-90)
Moment (Mp) = 1.2 x Md = 1.2 x 2131513.64 = 2557816.36 KNmm (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.12.11.2.1, Pg-90)

Md = Zp Fy / m0= 1 X 6999 X 103 x 335 / 1.10 = 2131513.64 x 103 N


= 2131513.64 KN
7) Calculate Bolt Capacity :-

7.1) Tension Capacity per Bolt :- (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.5, Pg-76)


Tdb = Tnb/ mb Assume M36 Bolt
Tnb = Nominal Tension capacity of bolt An = 817 mm2
Tnb= 0.9 x fub x An < Asb x fyb/( mb/ m0) Asb = 1017 mm2

Tdb = 0.9 x 1000x 817 <1017 x 900


1.25 1.1
Tdb = 588.24 KN < 832.81 KN

7.2) Shear Capacity of Bolt :- (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.3, Pg-75)


Vdsb = Vnsb/ mb nn=1, ns=0 {Presume bolt threads in shear plane.}
Vnsb = Nominal Shear capacity of bolt
Vnsb= fu x(nn Anb + ns Asb)= 1000x(1x817+0) = 471695.17 N
3 3
Vdsb = 471695.17 = 377356.13 N = 377.35 KN
1.25

8) Geometry :-

9) Tension in bolts
Taking moments at bottom flange center of hunch
bolt spacing in mm : 75, 222, 222, 162.9, 100.3, 100.3, 162.9

Ln = 75 , 297, 519, 681, 782.2, 882.5, 1045.4


Zn = 2 x LP(0,n)2 / Lpn = 2 x (752+ 2972+ 5192+ 681.92 +782.22+882.52+1045.42) /1045.4 = 6335.73

Ftb = Mp / Zn = 2557816.36 / 6335.73 = 403.71 KN < 588.24 KN Hence safe

Page 2 of 11
10) End Plate Design :- (Refer AISC design Guide 4 page 10-11 & Guide 16 page 7)
Maximum tension on the top two bolts i.e Ftb1 = 403.71 KN(without prying force)
We will find out end plate thickness for extream top 2 bolts with its maximum capcity i.e. 588.24 KN
with yield line theory
Bolt Force (N) = 588.24 KN
Yield line A
deflection = unity
x y x ev Sagging Moment (m) m = m1 for = unity
m
a Hogging Moment(m1) ev a
m1

A a = / a = 1/60
Section A-A
dh External energy (E) = ( N x ) = (588.24 x1 ) + (588.24 x1)
= 1176.224 KNm/ m
g Internal energy (D) = (m x l x )
bep = m (110.5+121+110.5) x 1/60 )+(m1 x420x 1/60)
= m x 12.7 KNm
Equating E = D 1176.224 = m x12.7 m = 92.61 KNm /m = 0.09261 KNm/mm

Consider 1 mm strip of end plate i.e. b = 1 mm tred = (1.10 x4 xm /fy)


= (1.10x4 x0.09261x106/320 ) = 35.68 mm

Hence provide 36 mm end plate

11) Check For Prying Force :- (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.4.7, Pg-77)

le = min. { eh OR 1.1 x t x { x fo)/fy } = fopl = 0.7 x fu = 0.7 x 490 = 343 N/mm2


le = min. { 130 mm OR 1.1 x 36 x (2 x 343/330) = 57.09 mm }
le = 57.09 mm

lv = {160 -26.60} - 8 = 58.7 mm (8 mm weld assume for web to end plate)


2
be = 420 mm for pair of bolt

fobolt = 0.7 x fupl = 0.7 x 1000 = 700 N/mm2


= 2 for non pre-tensioned bolts
= 1.5

Q= 58.7 { 422.15x 103 - (2 x 1.5 x 700 x 420 x 364)}


(2 x 57.09) (27 x 57.09 x 58.72)

Q = 64154.9 N = 64.15 KN

Hence Total tension on bolt including prying force Ftb1= Ftb1 + Q = 403.71 +64.15 = 467.86 KN
< 588.24 KN

Hence Safe

Page 3 of 11
12) bearing capacity of bolt over end plate (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.4, Pg-75)

Vdpb = Vnpb/ mb
Vdpb = Nominal Bearing capacity of bolt Assume Plate thickness 25 mm & 20 dia. Bolt
= 2.5 . kb . d. t . Fu
= 2.5 . kb . d. t . Fu

Where Kb is smaller of e/(3d0), (p/3d0)-0.25, fub/fu, 1.0 .


eh = 130 mm, ev = 70 mm, p = 156mm, g = 160 mm, d0 = 39 mm, fub = 1000 N/mm2,
fu = 410 N/mm2

e/(3d0) = 70/(3x39) = 0.598


p/(3d0)-0.25 = 1.08 Hence, Kb = 0.598
fub/fu = 1000/490 = 2.04

Vdpb = 2.5 x 0.598 x 36 x 36 x 490 = 759507.84 N = 759.50 KN > 588.24 KN Hence Safe.
1.25

13) Check For Bolt subjected to Shear force:-

Direct shear on bolt (Vsb) = Vy /no of bolts = 313 /16 = 19.56 KN < 377.35 KN Hence Safe.

14) Check For Bolt subjected to Combined Shear & Tension :- (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.6, Pg-76)

(Vsb Vdb)2 + ( Tb/Tdb)² 1


(19.56/377.36)² + (467.86/588.24)² = 0.63 1 Hence Safe.

15) connecting beam check for flange & web tension :-

15.1) Check for connecting beam flange in tension


Ftb1 = 467.86 KN at distance 1045.4 mm from center hunch flange
Ftb2 = 394.95 KN at distance 882.5 mm from center hunch flange
equating defelction of plate (P1 a3)/3EI = (P2 b3 )/3EI
P1 = b3 Ftb1 = P1 + P2 ld1 = 120mm
3
P2 a P1 = ftb - P2 a = 60mm
b = 66.7 mm
P1 = 228.30 KN P2 = 166.64 KN

Force over flange = Ftb1 + P1 = 467.86 + 228.30 = 696.16 KN


A2G Civil Engineering Services Private Limited

Flange tension capacity (Tdgf) = Ag Fy / m0 = ( 42.90 x120x 335) /1.10


= 1567.8 KN > 696.16 KN Hence Safe.

Flange to end plate weld provide full pentration double bevel groove weld to transmit full force.
for the same weld design check not required. (we have provided for ref)
Design strength of weld = fy x lw x te / mw = 335x120x42.90/1.25 = 1379.66 KN > 696.16 KN
Hence Safe.

Page 4 of 11
15.2) Check For Connecting Beam web in tension :- Force on the web = 2 x P2 = 2 x 166.64 =333.28KN
equating defelction of plate
(P1 a3)/3EI = (P2 b3 )/3EI
a = 60 mm b= 66.7mm
ld2 = 60 + 66.7 = 126.7 mm
tw = 26.60 mm
Web Capacity = Ag x fy = 126.7 x 26.60 x 335
mo 1.10
Web Capacity = 1026.38 KN > 333.28 KN
Hence Safe.
force on 3rd bolt = 2x ftb3 =2x350.06 =700.12 KN
Hence Safe.
15.3) Weld Design for Connecting Beam web :- let try 10mm fillet weld
ws = 10 mm ws = 10 mm
Weld Length wl = 2 x ld2= 2x 126.7 = 253 mm.
Fwd = 189.37 N/mm2
Weld Capacity = Fwd x K x ws x wl = 189.37 x 0.707 x 10 x 253 = 339.26 KN < 700.12 KN
Hence not Safe.
Provise full penetration weld to transmit full force
16) Supporting Member Check :-

16.1) column flange for bending :- Yield line theory

Bolt Force (N) = 467.86 KN


deflection = unity
Sagging Moment (m) m = m1 for = unity
Hogging Moment(m1)

1 = / f = 1/58.95 2 = / s = 1/129.38

External energy (E) = ( N x ) = (467.86 x1 )


= 467.86 KNm/ m
Internal energy (D) = (m x l x )

= (m (129.25+142.17) x 1/129.38))+(m1 x188.2x 1/129.38) +


(m (142.17+100.54) x 1/58.95)) + (m1(129.38+81.45)x1/58.95)
= m x 11.22 KNm

Equating E = D 467.86 = m x11.22

m = 41.69 KNm /m = 0.04169 KNm/mm


1
treq = (1.10x4 x0.04169x106/335 ) = 23.40 mm
f
S S < 67.50 mm
SECTION A-A SECTION B-B
Hence Safe.
S = 1/2 (bf x g )=0.5 (418.50x160) =129.38 mm
d = (60+60 +42.90)/2 = 81.45 mm
x= 142.17 mm y =100.54 mm

Page 5 of 11
16.2) Column web tension Check :- Total force on web = 2 x ftb1 = 2 x 467.86 = 935.72 KN

e = 58.95 ld =2 x58.95 = 117.9 mm


Web Capacity = Ag x fy = 117.9x 42.10 x 335
mo 1.10
Web Capacity = 1511.63 > 935.72 KN
Hence Safe.
Force on web at 3rd bolt = Ftb3 =350.06 KN
` Web capacity = 1511.63 KN > (2xFtb3 = 700.12 KN)
Hence Safe.
Hence, no need of stiffners

16.3) Stiffener design :- Provide 25 mm stiffener with 185mm width


Ftb1 = 507.64 KN
Ftb2 = 431.07 KN
ld2 = 70.8 + 65.75= 136.55mm
equating defelction of plate
(P1 a3)/3EI = (P2 b3 )/EI
P1 = b3 = 65.75³
P2 a3 70.8³
Ftb1 = P1 + P2
P1 = ftb1 - P2
P1 = 225.62 KN P2 = 282.02 KN

P3 = 70.8³ Ftb2 = P3 + P4
P4 65.75³ P3 = ftb2- P4

P3 = 239.31 KN P4 = 191.75 KN
Force on the stiffener = P2 + P3 = 282.02 +239.31 = 521.33 KN

Capacity of stiffener = Ag Fy / m0 = ( 136.55 x25x 240) /1.10 = 744.81 KN > 521.33 KN


Hence Safe.

17) Hunch design Maximum compression force at hunch flange


Fch = 2 x Ftb1 x Lp (0,n) / Lpn = 2x467.86 (75+297+519+681.9+782.2+882.5+1045.4)/1045.4
= 3833.641 KN

= tan-1 (hc /hw)= tan-1 (600 /900) = 33.69 deg


LH = 9002 +6002 = 1081.66 mm
C = Fch/cos = 3833.64/cos 33.69 = 4122.09 KN
Fhv =C x sin = 4122.09 X sin 33.69 = 2286.52 KN
bh= 900 mm dh = 600mm a
a= 600 mm b= 300 mm
Fhv

thf= 36 mm thw= 28mm

db = b x sin = 166.41 mm

Page 6 of 11
17.1) Hunch compression capacity
y = 3.47 cm ryy = (Iyy/A) =10.40 cm
Y
Iyy =19659.09 cm4 KL= 1xLH =1081.66 mm
A = 181.59 cm2 KL/ryy= 10.80

A Refer IS 800-2007: table 9 (c) page 42


d1 dh

for Fy =330 fcd =299.64mpa


compression capacity of hunch (pd) = Ae x Fcd
X B X tfh Pd = 18159 x 299.64 =5441.16 KN < 4607.4 KN
Y Hence Safe
bh
17.2) Hunch compression flange yielding check

Area of hunch flange Ah = 403x36 = 14508 mm2


Flange yielding capacity = Ah Fy / m0 = ( 14508x 330) /1.10 = 4352.4KN < 4607 KN
Hence not Safe
Hence increase flange thickness to 45 mm with E350BR

18) Connecting beam Web check for buckling (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.3.1, Pg-67)
S= 54 mm
b1 = S+ 2tf = 54 + (2x 42.90) =139.8 mm
d/2 = 406.40/2 =203.2
(b1 +n1) = s + 2(d/2) = 54 +2 x203.2 = 460.4 mm
hw= dc -2tf-2r = 406.40-(2x42.90)-(2-15.2) =209.2 mm

Iyy = (b1 x t3 ) /12 = (13.98 x 2.663) /12 = 21.93cm4


A = b1x tw = 13.98 x 2.66 = 37.18 cm2

ryy = (Iyy/A) =0.76 cm


KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x29.02 = 20.314 cm

KL/Ryy = 20.314/0.76 = 26.45


Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =335 fcd = 281.77 mpa

Buckling resistance of web = Ae x fcd = (b1 +n1) x tw x fcd =460.4 x26.6 x281.77 =34050.73 KN
> 2555.72 KN
Hence safe

18.1) Connecting beam Web check for bearing (crippling) (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.4, Pg-67)
b1 = S+ 2tf = 54 + (2x 42.90) =139.8 mm
(b1+n2) = 139.8 +(5x15.2) =215.8 mm

bearing capacity of web (Fw) = (b1+n2) tw xfyw / m0


= 215.8 x26.6 x335 /1.10
=1748.17 KN < 2555.72 KN
Fhv Hence not safe
Need to provide stiffener for bearing failure

Page 7 of 11
18.2) Connecting beam Web shear capacity (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.4.1, Pg-59)

Vd = Fy x Av / ( m0 x 3) = 335x406.4x26.60/ (1.10 x 3) = 1900.75 KN < 2555.7 KN


Hence not safe
Need to provide stiffener for shear yielding

18.3) Stiffener design for buckling, bearing & shear yielding failure

Design force on stiffener = 2555.7 - (min of 1748.17, 1900.75 ) = 807.53 KN


Let try 20 mm thick x 180 mm width of stiffener with E250BR = (250/240) =1.020
(Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.1.2, Pg-65)
Maximum allowable width of stiffener = 20x ts x = 20x 20 x1.020 = 408 > 180 mm
Hence okay
Ag =Area of stiffener in contact of flange (provide 20 mm corner clip)
Ag = 2x(180-20)*20 = 6400 mm2

18.3a) bearing capacity of stiffener = Ag x fy /0.8 m0 = (6400 x240) /(0.8x1.1) =1745.45 KN > 907.53 KN
Hence safe
(Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.5.2, Pg-68)
18.3b) Buckling resistance with stiffners (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.5.1, Pg-68)
ts beff = 2 x20 x tw = 2x20x26.6 = 1064 mm
Aeff = (beff x tw) + 2x (bs xts) = (1064x26.6) + 2 (182x20)
=35502.4 mm2
bs

I = [20x 3603 /12] + [1064x26.63/12]


CLBEAM tw
I = 79428.8 x103 mm4
r= (I/A) =47.29mm
KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x290.2 = 203.14 cm
20tw 20tw
KL/Ryy = 203.14/47.29 = 4.29 < 10

Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =240 fcd = 218 mpa

buckling resistance with stiffener = Ae x fcd = 35502.4 x218 = 7739.52 KN > 2286.52 KN
Hence safe

18.3c) Weld design for stiffener let try 8 mm weld (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.5.7.1.1, Pg-79)
ws = 8 mm
weld design strength = fwd = fu/ 3 x m0 = 189.37 mpa

Weld length (wl) = 2x 2( T-2x ws) = 2x 2x(290 -(2x8)) = 1096 mm

Weld capacity = Fwd x K x Ws x wl = 1096 x0.707x8x189.37 =1173.90KN > 807.53 KN


Hence safe

Provide 8 mm fillet weld 3 sided on both side of stiffener

Page 8 of 11
19) Supporting column Web buckling at compression (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.3.1, Pg-67)

b1 = S+ 2tep = 54 + (2x 36) =126 mm


d/2 = 455.60/2 =227.8
(b1 +n1) = b1 + 2(d/2) = 126 +2 x227.8 = 581.6 mm
tfh hw= dc -2tf-2r = 455.60-(2x67.50)-(2-15.2) =209.2 mm

Iyy = (b1 x t3 ) /12 = (12.6 x 4.213) /12 = 78.34 cm4


S A = b1x tw = 12.6 x4.21 = 53.046 cm2

ryy = (Iyy/A) =1.21 mm


KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x290.2 = 203.14 mm

KL/Ryy = 203.14/12.1 = 16.78

Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =325 fcd = 298.05 mpa

Buckling resistance of web = Ae x fcd = (b1 +n1) x tw x fcd =298.05 x581.6 x42.10 =7297.86 KN
> 3833.64KN
Hence safe
Hence no need to provide stiffener for buckling failure

19.1) Column Web check for bearing (crippling) (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.4, Pg-67)
tep b1 = S+ 2tep = 54+ (2x 36) = 126 mm
K = tf + r = 67.50 +15.2 =82.7 mm
tfh (b1+n2) = b1 + 5K = 126 +(5x82.7) =539.5 mm
bearing capacity of web (Fw) = (b1+n2) tw xfyw / m0
= 539.5 x42.10 x325 /1.10
(b1 +n2) b1 S
Fch =6710.64 KN >3833 KN
1 Hence safe
1

2.5
NO need to provide stiffener for bearing failure
1

r tf
K
19.2) Supporting column Web shear capacity
vd = Fy x Av/ ( m0 x 3) = 325 x455.60x42.10/ (1.10 x 3) = 3271.87 KN < 3833 KN
Hence not safe
Need to provide stiffener for shear yielding
19.3) Stiffener design for buckling, bearing & shear yielding failure

Design force on stiffener = 3429.79 - 3271.87 = 561.77 KN


Let try 25 mm thick x 185 mm width of stiffener with E350BR = (250/240) =1.020

Maximum allowable width of stiffener = 20x ts x = 20x 25 x1.020 = 510> 185 mm Hence okay

Ag =Area of stiffener in contact of flange (provide 20 mm corner clip)


Ag = 2x(185-20)*25 = 8250 mm2 (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.6, Pg-76)

Page 9 of 11
19.3a) bearing capacity of stiffener = Ag x fy /0.8 m0 = (8250 x240) /(0.8x1.1) =2250 KN > 561.77 KN
Hence safe
(Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.5.2, Pg-68)

19.3b) Buckling resistance with stiffners (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.5.1, Pg-68)


beff = 2 x20 x tw = 2x20x42.10= 1684mm
Aeff = (beff x tw) + 2x (bs xts) = (1684x42.10) + 2 (185x25)
=80146.4 mm2

I = [25x (185x2)3 /12] + [1684x42.103/12]


I = 115998.5 x103 mm4
r= (I/A) =38.04 mm
KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x290.2 = 203.14 cm

KL/Ryy = 203.14/38.04 = 5.34 < 10

Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =240 fcd = 218 mpa

buckling resistance with stiffener = Ae x fcd = 80145.4 x218 = 17471.69 KN > 3833.64 KN
Hence safe

19.3c) Weld design for stiffener

Provide full penetration double bevel groove weld to transmit to full load

20) Hunch weld to connecting & end plate

We will provide full penetration weld for hunch flange


to web plate, hunch flange to connecting beam flange
& hunch flange to end plate to transmit full force.

Fch = 3833.64 KN
C = 4607.4 KN
Fvh= 2555.72 KN

C3 = Mp/ (dc-tf) = 2557816.36/ (406.40-42.90) = 7036.63 KN


C2 = C3-Fch = 7036.63-3833.64 = 3202.99 KN

weld length horiz = 2x( 900-54-20) = 1652 mm


10 mm weld capacity = 2211.77 KN < 3202.99 KN
Hence provide double bevel full penetration weld to transmit full load

Weld length vertical = 2( 290 +(600-54 -20))= 1632 mm


10 mm weld capacity = 2184.99 KN < 2555.72 KN
Hence provide double bevel full penetration weld to transmit full load

Page 10 of 11
21) Summary

Page 11 of 11