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You are on page 1of 11

1) Section Properties :-

Connecting Beam Details :- Supporting Beam Details :- (Ref. BS4 PART-1-1993)

Section - UC356x406x340 S355JO Section - UC356x406x551 S355JO

D= 406.40 mm D= 455.60 mm

B= 403.00 mm B= 418.50 mm

tf = 42.90 mm tf = 67.50 mm

tw = 26.60 mm tw = 42.10 mm

Ixx = 122500.00 cm4 Ixx = 226900.00 cm4

T= 290.20 mm T= 290.20 mm

r= 15.20 mm r= 15.20 mm

A= 433.00 cm2 A= 702.00 cm2

Zp= 6999 cm3

2) Steel Grades :-

(Ref. EN10025-2004 TABLE-7)

Grade t 16 mm 16 < t 40 mm 40 < t 63 mm 3 t 100 mm

S275JR fy = 275 N/mm² 265 N/mm² 255 N/mm² fu = 410 to 560

S355J0 fy = 355 N/mm² 345 N/mm² 335 N/mm² fu = 470 to 630

E250BR fy = 250 N/mm² 240 N/mm² 230 N/mm² fu = 410 N/mm²

E350BR fy = 350 N/mm² 330 N/mm² 320 N/mm² fu = 490 N/mm²

Bolt Dia. (db) mm. Hole Dia.(dh) mm. Anb mm² Grade fyb N/mm² fub N/mm²

M20 22 mm 245 8.8 640 800

M24 26 mm 353 10.9 900 1000

M30 33 mm 561

M36 39 mm 817

mo = 1.1 (For Yielding & Buckling)

m1 = 1.25 (For Ultimate Stress )

mb = 1.25 (For Bearing, Shop & Site Fabrication)

mw = 1.25 (For Weld of Shop Fabrication)

Hence section is plastic

Hence section is plastic

Page 1 of 11

6) Forces :-

Shear Force (Fy) = 313KN (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.12.11.2.2, Pg-90)

Moment (Mp) = 1.2 x Md = 1.2 x 2131513.64 = 2557816.36 KNmm (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.12.11.2.1, Pg-90)

= 2131513.64 KN

7) Calculate Bolt Capacity :-

Tdb = Tnb/ mb Assume M36 Bolt

Tnb = Nominal Tension capacity of bolt An = 817 mm2

Tnb= 0.9 x fub x An < Asb x fyb/( mb/ m0) Asb = 1017 mm2

1.25 1.1

Tdb = 588.24 KN < 832.81 KN

Vdsb = Vnsb/ mb nn=1, ns=0 {Presume bolt threads in shear plane.}

Vnsb = Nominal Shear capacity of bolt

Vnsb= fu x(nn Anb + ns Asb)= 1000x(1x817+0) = 471695.17 N

3 3

Vdsb = 471695.17 = 377356.13 N = 377.35 KN

1.25

8) Geometry :-

9) Tension in bolts

Taking moments at bottom flange center of hunch

bolt spacing in mm : 75, 222, 222, 162.9, 100.3, 100.3, 162.9

Zn = 2 x LP(0,n)2 / Lpn = 2 x (752+ 2972+ 5192+ 681.92 +782.22+882.52+1045.42) /1045.4 = 6335.73

Page 2 of 11

10) End Plate Design :- (Refer AISC design Guide 4 page 10-11 & Guide 16 page 7)

Maximum tension on the top two bolts i.e Ftb1 = 403.71 KN(without prying force)

We will find out end plate thickness for extream top 2 bolts with its maximum capcity i.e. 588.24 KN

with yield line theory

Bolt Force (N) = 588.24 KN

Yield line A

deflection = unity

x y x ev Sagging Moment (m) m = m1 for = unity

m

a Hogging Moment(m1) ev a

m1

A a = / a = 1/60

Section A-A

dh External energy (E) = ( N x ) = (588.24 x1 ) + (588.24 x1)

= 1176.224 KNm/ m

g Internal energy (D) = (m x l x )

bep = m (110.5+121+110.5) x 1/60 )+(m1 x420x 1/60)

= m x 12.7 KNm

Equating E = D 1176.224 = m x12.7 m = 92.61 KNm /m = 0.09261 KNm/mm

= (1.10x4 x0.09261x106/320 ) = 35.68 mm

le = min. { 130 mm OR 1.1 x 36 x (2 x 343/330) = 57.09 mm }

le = 57.09 mm

2

be = 420 mm for pair of bolt

= 2 for non pre-tensioned bolts

= 1.5

(2 x 57.09) (27 x 57.09 x 58.72)

Q = 64154.9 N = 64.15 KN

Hence Total tension on bolt including prying force Ftb1= Ftb1 + Q = 403.71 +64.15 = 467.86 KN

< 588.24 KN

Hence Safe

Page 3 of 11

12) bearing capacity of bolt over end plate (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.4, Pg-75)

Vdpb = Vnpb/ mb

Vdpb = Nominal Bearing capacity of bolt Assume Plate thickness 25 mm & 20 dia. Bolt

= 2.5 . kb . d. t . Fu

= 2.5 . kb . d. t . Fu

eh = 130 mm, ev = 70 mm, p = 156mm, g = 160 mm, d0 = 39 mm, fub = 1000 N/mm2,

fu = 410 N/mm2

p/(3d0)-0.25 = 1.08 Hence, Kb = 0.598

fub/fu = 1000/490 = 2.04

Vdpb = 2.5 x 0.598 x 36 x 36 x 490 = 759507.84 N = 759.50 KN > 588.24 KN Hence Safe.

1.25

Direct shear on bolt (Vsb) = Vy /no of bolts = 313 /16 = 19.56 KN < 377.35 KN Hence Safe.

14) Check For Bolt subjected to Combined Shear & Tension :- (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.6, Pg-76)

(19.56/377.36)² + (467.86/588.24)² = 0.63 1 Hence Safe.

Ftb1 = 467.86 KN at distance 1045.4 mm from center hunch flange

Ftb2 = 394.95 KN at distance 882.5 mm from center hunch flange

equating defelction of plate (P1 a3)/3EI = (P2 b3 )/3EI

P1 = b3 Ftb1 = P1 + P2 ld1 = 120mm

3

P2 a P1 = ftb - P2 a = 60mm

b = 66.7 mm

P1 = 228.30 KN P2 = 166.64 KN

A2G Civil Engineering Services Private Limited

= 1567.8 KN > 696.16 KN Hence Safe.

Flange to end plate weld provide full pentration double bevel groove weld to transmit full force.

for the same weld design check not required. (we have provided for ref)

Design strength of weld = fy x lw x te / mw = 335x120x42.90/1.25 = 1379.66 KN > 696.16 KN

Hence Safe.

Page 4 of 11

15.2) Check For Connecting Beam web in tension :- Force on the web = 2 x P2 = 2 x 166.64 =333.28KN

equating defelction of plate

(P1 a3)/3EI = (P2 b3 )/3EI

a = 60 mm b= 66.7mm

ld2 = 60 + 66.7 = 126.7 mm

tw = 26.60 mm

Web Capacity = Ag x fy = 126.7 x 26.60 x 335

mo 1.10

Web Capacity = 1026.38 KN > 333.28 KN

Hence Safe.

force on 3rd bolt = 2x ftb3 =2x350.06 =700.12 KN

Hence Safe.

15.3) Weld Design for Connecting Beam web :- let try 10mm fillet weld

ws = 10 mm ws = 10 mm

Weld Length wl = 2 x ld2= 2x 126.7 = 253 mm.

Fwd = 189.37 N/mm2

Weld Capacity = Fwd x K x ws x wl = 189.37 x 0.707 x 10 x 253 = 339.26 KN < 700.12 KN

Hence not Safe.

Provise full penetration weld to transmit full force

16) Supporting Member Check :-

deflection = unity

Sagging Moment (m) m = m1 for = unity

Hogging Moment(m1)

1 = / f = 1/58.95 2 = / s = 1/129.38

= 467.86 KNm/ m

Internal energy (D) = (m x l x )

(m (142.17+100.54) x 1/58.95)) + (m1(129.38+81.45)x1/58.95)

= m x 11.22 KNm

1

treq = (1.10x4 x0.04169x106/335 ) = 23.40 mm

f

S S < 67.50 mm

SECTION A-A SECTION B-B

Hence Safe.

S = 1/2 (bf x g )=0.5 (418.50x160) =129.38 mm

d = (60+60 +42.90)/2 = 81.45 mm

x= 142.17 mm y =100.54 mm

Page 5 of 11

16.2) Column web tension Check :- Total force on web = 2 x ftb1 = 2 x 467.86 = 935.72 KN

Web Capacity = Ag x fy = 117.9x 42.10 x 335

mo 1.10

Web Capacity = 1511.63 > 935.72 KN

Hence Safe.

Force on web at 3rd bolt = Ftb3 =350.06 KN

` Web capacity = 1511.63 KN > (2xFtb3 = 700.12 KN)

Hence Safe.

Hence, no need of stiffners

Ftb1 = 507.64 KN

Ftb2 = 431.07 KN

ld2 = 70.8 + 65.75= 136.55mm

equating defelction of plate

(P1 a3)/3EI = (P2 b3 )/EI

P1 = b3 = 65.75³

P2 a3 70.8³

Ftb1 = P1 + P2

P1 = ftb1 - P2

P1 = 225.62 KN P2 = 282.02 KN

P3 = 70.8³ Ftb2 = P3 + P4

P4 65.75³ P3 = ftb2- P4

P3 = 239.31 KN P4 = 191.75 KN

Force on the stiffener = P2 + P3 = 282.02 +239.31 = 521.33 KN

Hence Safe.

Fch = 2 x Ftb1 x Lp (0,n) / Lpn = 2x467.86 (75+297+519+681.9+782.2+882.5+1045.4)/1045.4

= 3833.641 KN

LH = 9002 +6002 = 1081.66 mm

C = Fch/cos = 3833.64/cos 33.69 = 4122.09 KN

Fhv =C x sin = 4122.09 X sin 33.69 = 2286.52 KN

bh= 900 mm dh = 600mm a

a= 600 mm b= 300 mm

Fhv

db = b x sin = 166.41 mm

Page 6 of 11

17.1) Hunch compression capacity

y = 3.47 cm ryy = (Iyy/A) =10.40 cm

Y

Iyy =19659.09 cm4 KL= 1xLH =1081.66 mm

A = 181.59 cm2 KL/ryy= 10.80

d1 dh

compression capacity of hunch (pd) = Ae x Fcd

X B X tfh Pd = 18159 x 299.64 =5441.16 KN < 4607.4 KN

Y Hence Safe

bh

17.2) Hunch compression flange yielding check

Flange yielding capacity = Ah Fy / m0 = ( 14508x 330) /1.10 = 4352.4KN < 4607 KN

Hence not Safe

Hence increase flange thickness to 45 mm with E350BR

18) Connecting beam Web check for buckling (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.3.1, Pg-67)

S= 54 mm

b1 = S+ 2tf = 54 + (2x 42.90) =139.8 mm

d/2 = 406.40/2 =203.2

(b1 +n1) = s + 2(d/2) = 54 +2 x203.2 = 460.4 mm

hw= dc -2tf-2r = 406.40-(2x42.90)-(2-15.2) =209.2 mm

A = b1x tw = 13.98 x 2.66 = 37.18 cm2

KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x29.02 = 20.314 cm

Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =335 fcd = 281.77 mpa

Buckling resistance of web = Ae x fcd = (b1 +n1) x tw x fcd =460.4 x26.6 x281.77 =34050.73 KN

> 2555.72 KN

Hence safe

18.1) Connecting beam Web check for bearing (crippling) (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.4, Pg-67)

b1 = S+ 2tf = 54 + (2x 42.90) =139.8 mm

(b1+n2) = 139.8 +(5x15.2) =215.8 mm

= 215.8 x26.6 x335 /1.10

=1748.17 KN < 2555.72 KN

Fhv Hence not safe

Need to provide stiffener for bearing failure

Page 7 of 11

18.2) Connecting beam Web shear capacity (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.4.1, Pg-59)

Hence not safe

Need to provide stiffener for shear yielding

18.3) Stiffener design for buckling, bearing & shear yielding failure

Let try 20 mm thick x 180 mm width of stiffener with E250BR = (250/240) =1.020

(Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.1.2, Pg-65)

Maximum allowable width of stiffener = 20x ts x = 20x 20 x1.020 = 408 > 180 mm

Hence okay

Ag =Area of stiffener in contact of flange (provide 20 mm corner clip)

Ag = 2x(180-20)*20 = 6400 mm2

18.3a) bearing capacity of stiffener = Ag x fy /0.8 m0 = (6400 x240) /(0.8x1.1) =1745.45 KN > 907.53 KN

Hence safe

(Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.5.2, Pg-68)

18.3b) Buckling resistance with stiffners (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.5.1, Pg-68)

ts beff = 2 x20 x tw = 2x20x26.6 = 1064 mm

Aeff = (beff x tw) + 2x (bs xts) = (1064x26.6) + 2 (182x20)

=35502.4 mm2

bs

CLBEAM tw

I = 79428.8 x103 mm4

r= (I/A) =47.29mm

KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x290.2 = 203.14 cm

20tw 20tw

KL/Ryy = 203.14/47.29 = 4.29 < 10

Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =240 fcd = 218 mpa

buckling resistance with stiffener = Ae x fcd = 35502.4 x218 = 7739.52 KN > 2286.52 KN

Hence safe

18.3c) Weld design for stiffener let try 8 mm weld (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.5.7.1.1, Pg-79)

ws = 8 mm

weld design strength = fwd = fu/ 3 x m0 = 189.37 mpa

Hence safe

Page 8 of 11

19) Supporting column Web buckling at compression (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.3.1, Pg-67)

d/2 = 455.60/2 =227.8

(b1 +n1) = b1 + 2(d/2) = 126 +2 x227.8 = 581.6 mm

tfh hw= dc -2tf-2r = 455.60-(2x67.50)-(2-15.2) =209.2 mm

S A = b1x tw = 12.6 x4.21 = 53.046 cm2

KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x290.2 = 203.14 mm

Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =325 fcd = 298.05 mpa

Buckling resistance of web = Ae x fcd = (b1 +n1) x tw x fcd =298.05 x581.6 x42.10 =7297.86 KN

> 3833.64KN

Hence safe

Hence no need to provide stiffener for buckling failure

19.1) Column Web check for bearing (crippling) (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.4, Pg-67)

tep b1 = S+ 2tep = 54+ (2x 36) = 126 mm

K = tf + r = 67.50 +15.2 =82.7 mm

tfh (b1+n2) = b1 + 5K = 126 +(5x82.7) =539.5 mm

bearing capacity of web (Fw) = (b1+n2) tw xfyw / m0

= 539.5 x42.10 x325 /1.10

(b1 +n2) b1 S

Fch =6710.64 KN >3833 KN

1 Hence safe

1

2.5

NO need to provide stiffener for bearing failure

1

r tf

K

19.2) Supporting column Web shear capacity

vd = Fy x Av/ ( m0 x 3) = 325 x455.60x42.10/ (1.10 x 3) = 3271.87 KN < 3833 KN

Hence not safe

Need to provide stiffener for shear yielding

19.3) Stiffener design for buckling, bearing & shear yielding failure

Let try 25 mm thick x 185 mm width of stiffener with E350BR = (250/240) =1.020

Maximum allowable width of stiffener = 20x ts x = 20x 25 x1.020 = 510> 185 mm Hence okay

Ag = 2x(185-20)*25 = 8250 mm2 (Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.10.3.6, Pg-76)

Page 9 of 11

19.3a) bearing capacity of stiffener = Ag x fy /0.8 m0 = (8250 x240) /(0.8x1.1) =2250 KN > 561.77 KN

Hence safe

(Ref. IS 800-2007 CL.8.7.5.2, Pg-68)

beff = 2 x20 x tw = 2x20x42.10= 1684mm

Aeff = (beff x tw) + 2x (bs xts) = (1684x42.10) + 2 (185x25)

=80146.4 mm2

I = 115998.5 x103 mm4

r= (I/A) =38.04 mm

KL = 0.7 xhw =0.7 x290.2 = 203.14 cm

Refer IS 800 table 9 (c) page 42 for Fy =240 fcd = 218 mpa

buckling resistance with stiffener = Ae x fcd = 80145.4 x218 = 17471.69 KN > 3833.64 KN

Hence safe

Provide full penetration double bevel groove weld to transmit to full load

to web plate, hunch flange to connecting beam flange

& hunch flange to end plate to transmit full force.

Fch = 3833.64 KN

C = 4607.4 KN

Fvh= 2555.72 KN

C2 = C3-Fch = 7036.63-3833.64 = 3202.99 KN

10 mm weld capacity = 2211.77 KN < 3202.99 KN

Hence provide double bevel full penetration weld to transmit full load

10 mm weld capacity = 2184.99 KN < 2555.72 KN

Hence provide double bevel full penetration weld to transmit full load

Page 10 of 11

21) Summary

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