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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD)

International Open Access Journal | www.ijtsrd.com

ISSN No: 2456 - 6470 | Volume - 3 | Issue – 1 | Nov – Dec 2018

Operations on Intuitionisitc Fuzzy Soft


Sets Based on First Zadeh’s Logical Operators
Nithya. A
M.Phil Scholar, KG College oof Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu,
Nadu India

ABSTRACT
In this paper, we have defined First Zadeh’s Another important concept that addresses uncertain
intuitionistic fuzzy conjunction and intuitionistic information is the soft ser theory originated by
fuzzy disjunction of two intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets. Molodtsov [10]. This concept is free from the
The author also defined some of their basic properties parameterization inadequacy syndrome of fuzzy set
of intuitionistic fuzzy disjunction and conjunction theory, rough set theory, probability theory.
with some examples. Molodtsov has successfully applied the soft set theory
in many different fields such as smoothness of
KEY WORDS: Fuzzy soft sets, Intuitionistic fuzzy soft functions,, game theory, operations research, Riemann
sets, first zadeh’s intuitionistic fuzzy conjunction, first integration, Perron integration and probability. In
zadeh’s intuitionistic disjunction recent years, soft set theory has been received much
attention since its appearance. There are many papers
1. INTRODUCTION devoted to fuzzify the concept of soft set theory which
whi
The concept of the intuitionistic fuzzy was introduced leads tio a series of mathematical models such as
in 1983 by Atanassov[1] as an extension of Zadeh’
Zadeh’s fuzzy soft set [11,12,13,14,15], generalized fuizzy soft
fuzzy set. All operations, defined over fuzzy sets were set [16,17], possibility fuzzy soft set [18] and so on.
transformed for the case the intuitionistic fuzzy set Thereafter, Maji and his coworker [19] introduced the
case. This concept is capable of capturing the notion of intuitionistic fuzzy soft set which is based
information that includes some degree of hesitation on a combination of the intuitionistic fuzzy sets and
and applicable in various fields of research. For soft set models and studied the properties of
example, in decision making problems, particularly in intuitionistic fuzzy soft ser. Later, a lot of extensions
the case of medial of medical diagnosis, sales of intuitionistic fuzzy soft are appeared such as
analysis, new product marketing, financial services, generalized fuzzy soft set [20],
0], possibility intuitionsitc
etc. Atanassov et.al [2,3] have widely applied theory fuzzy soft set [21] etc.
of intuitionistic sets in logic programming
programming, Szmidt
and Kacprzyk [4] in group decision making, De et al In this paper, our aim is to extend the three new
[5] in medical diagnosis etc. therefore in various operations intrioduced by Atanassov to the case of
engineering application, intuitionistic fuzzy sets intuitionistic fuzzy soft and study its properties. This
techniques have been more popular than fuzzy sets paper is arranged in the following manner. In sections
techniques in recent years. After defining a lot of 2, some definitions and notion about soft set, fuzzy
operations over intuitionistic fuzzy sets during last ten soft set and intuitionistic fuzzy soft set and some
years [6], in 2011, Atanassov [7,8] constructed two properties of its. In section 3, the author discusses the
new operations based on the first Zadeh’s two operations of intuitionistic fuzzy soft set such as
intuitionistic fuzzy implication which are the first First Zadeh’s intuitionistc
istc fuzzy conjunction and First
Zadeh’s conjunction and disjunction, after that, in Zadeh’s intuitionistic fuzzy disjunction.
2013, Atanassov [9] introduced the second type of
Zadeh’s conjunction and disjunction based on the 2. Preliminaries
Second Zadeh’s intuitionistic fuzzy implication. In this section, some definitions and notions about soft
sets and intuitionistic fuzzy soft set are given.

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 3 | Issue – 1 | Nov-Dec


Dec 2018 Page: 897
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
Let U be an initial universe, and E be the set of all Definition 2.4
possible parameters under consideration with respect For two intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets (F , A) and
to U . The set of all subsets of U , i.e. the poer set of (G, B ) over a common universe U , we say that
U is denoted by P(U ) and the set of all intuitionistic (F , A) is an intuitionistic fuzzy soft subset of (G, B )
fuzzy subsets of U is denoted by IFU. Let A be a if
subset of E . 1. A ⊆ B and
2. F (ε ) ⊆ G (ε ) for all ε ∈ A . i.e µ F (ε ) ( x ) ≤ µ G (ε ) ( x ) ,
Definition 2.1
A pair (F, A) is called a soft set over U , where F is a ν F (ε ) ( x ) ≤ ν G (ε ) ( x ) for all ε ∈ E and we write
mapping given by F : A → P(U ) . In other words, a (F , A) ⊆ (G, B ) .
soft set over U is a parameterized family of subsets of
the universe U . For e ∈ A, F (e ) may be considered In this case (G, B ) is said to be a soft super set of
as the set of e-approxiamte
approxiamte elements of the soft set (F , A) .
(F, A) .
Definition 2.5
Definition 2.2 Two soft sets (F , A) and (G, B ) over a common
Let U be an initial universe set and E be the set of universe U are said to be soft equal if (F , A) is a soft
parameters. Let IF U denote the collection of all subset of (G, B ) is a soft subset of (F , A) .
intuitionistic fuzzy subsets of U . Let A ⊆ E pair
(F , A) is called an intuitionistic fuzzy soft set over U Definition 2.6
where F is a mapping given by F : A → IF U . Let U be an initial universe, E be the set of
parameters, and A ⊆ E .
Definition 2.3 1. (F , A) is called a relative null soft set ( with
Let F : A → IF U then F is a function defined as respect to the parameter set A), denoted by φ A , if
F (ε ) = {x, µ F (ε ) ( x ),ν F (ε ) (x ) : x ∈ U } where µ , ν
F (a ) = φ for all a ∈ A .
denote the degree of membership and degree of non non- 2. (G, A) is called a relative null soft set ( with
membership respectively.
respect to the parameter set A), denoted by U A , if
G (e ) = U for all e ∈ A .

Definition 2.7
Let (F , A) and (G, B ) be two intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets over the same universe U . Then the union of (F , A)
and (G, B ) is denoted by ‘ (F , A) ∪ (G , B ) ’ and is defined by (F , A) ∪ (G, B ) = (H , C ) , where C = A ∪ B and
embership, falsity membership of (H , C ) are as follows:
the truth membership,

 {µ F (ε ) (x ),ν F (ε ) (x ) : x ∈ U } , ifε ∈ A − B

H (ε ) =  {µG (ε ) (x ),ν G (ε ) (x ) : x ∈ U } , ifε ∈ B − A
{max(µ ( x ), µ ( x )), min(ν ( x ),ν ( x )) : x ∈ U }, ifε ∈ A ∩ B
 F (ε ) G (ε ) F (ε ) G (ε )

Where µ H (ε ) ( x ) = max (µ F (ε ) ( x ), µ G (ε ) ( x )) and ν H (ε ) ( x ) = min (ν F (ε ) ( x ),ν G (ε ) ( x )) .

Definition 2.8
Let (F , A) and (G, B ) be two intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets over the same universe U such that
A ∩ B ≠ 0 . Then the intersection of (F , A) and (G, B ) is denoted by ‘ (F , A) ∩ (G, B ) ’ and is defined by
(F , A) ∩ (G, B ) = (K , C ) , where C = A ∩ B and the truth membership, falsity membership of (K , C ) are related
to those of (F , A) and (G, B ) by:

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 3 | Issue – 1 | Nov-Dec


Dec 2018 Page: 898
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
 {µ F (ε ) (x ),ν F (ε ) (x ) : x ∈ U } , ifε ∈ A − B

K (ε ) =  {µG (ε ) (x ),ν G (ε ) (x ) : x ∈ U } , ifε ∈ B − A
{min(µ ( x ), µ ( x )), max(ν (x ),ν ( x )) : x ∈ U }, ifε ∈ A ∩ B
 F (ε ) G (ε ) F (ε ) G (ε )

Where µ K (ε ) ( x ) = min (µ F (ε ) ( x ), µ G (ε ) ( x )) and ν K (ε ) ( x ) = max (ν F (ε ) ( x ),ν G (ε ) ( x )) .

Definition 2.9
Let (F, A) and (G, B ) be two intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets s over (U , E ) . We define the First Zadeh’s
intuitionistic fuzzy soft set implication (F , A) → (G , B ) is defined by
Z ,1

(F , A) → (G , B ) = (min{ν F (ε ) (x ), max (µ F (ε ) (x ), µ G (ε ) (x ))}, max (µ F (ε ) (x ),ν G (ε ) (x ))) .


Z ,1

3. Operations on intuitionistic Fuzzy Soft Sets Example 3.1.2


Based on First Zadeh’s Logical Operators Let U = {a, b, c} and E = {e1 , e2 , e3 , e4 } ,
3.1 First Zadeh’s conjunction of intuitionistic A = {e1 , e2 , e4 } ⊆ E , B = {e1 , e2 , e3 } ⊆ E
Fuzzy Soft Sets
Definition 3.1.1  F (e1 ) = {(a,0.2,0.4 ), (b,0.5,0.3), (c,0.6,0.1)}, 
Let (F, A) and (G, B ) be two intuitionistic fuzzy soft (F , A) = F (e2 ) = {(a,0.3,0.5), (b,0.3,0.3), (c,0.7,0.2)},
sets s over (U , E ) . We define the First Zadeh’s  F (e ) = {(a,0.4,0.5), (b,0.1,0.8), (c,0.4,0.6)}
 4 
intuitionistic fuzzy conjunction of (F, A) and (G, B ) G (e1 ) = {(a,0.6,0.2), (b,0.4,0.2), (c,0.4,0.4)},
as the intuitionistic fuzzy soft set (H , C ) over (U , E ) , (G, B ) = G (e2 ) = {(a,0.2,0.5), (b,0.1,0.2), (c,0.2,0.6)},
written as (F , A) ∧~ Z ,1 (G , B ) = (H , C ) , where  G (e ) = {(a,0.1,0.5), (b,0.5,0.3), (c,0.8,0.2)} 
 3 
C = A ∩ B ≠ φ and for all ε ∈ C , x ∈ U ,
(F , A) ∧ (G, B ) = (H , C ) ,
~
µ H (ε ) ( x ) = max (µ F (ε ) ( x ), µ G (ε ) (x ))
Let Z ,1 where
C = A ∩ B ≠ {e1 , e2 }
ν H (ε ) ( x ) = min {ν F (ε ) ( x ), max (µ F (ε ) ( x ),ν G (ε ) (x ))}

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 3 | Issue – 1 | Nov-Dec


Dec 2018 Page: 899