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Twenty-two first year industrial trade students enrolled in a training course at a Sydney company
participated in the experiment. The students were from a varied educational background but all had
completed at least Year 10 of High School and all understood electrical principles at a basic level …..
Students who had completed further studies were excluded from the study. …..


The instructional materials used in the experiment consisted of information on three electrical safety tests
that are performed on 240 volt electrical appliances using a volt meter…..

Subjective ratings were used in the experiment to measure cognitive load as they “provide a powerful
…(measure of) the subjective experience of workload” (Gopher & Braune, 1984: 529; see also Paas & van
Merrienboer, 1993; 1994) since students have little difficulty assigning a numerical value to the imposed
mental workload…..A copy of the subjective mental load rating scale used in the experiment has been
included in Appendix 4.

The test material consisted of test items and equipment for both written and practical tests. Each test
item was designed to be objective and was marked as either correct or incorrect. The written test
consisted of twenty three items. …..


All the students were randomly assigned to either the isolated-interacting elements instruction or the
interacting elements only group with 11 students in each group. They were tested individually, in a quiet
room. ….. At the completion of the study phase, the students were provided with a subjective mental load
rating scale, the format of which was explained to both groups. They were asked to rate the mental effort
involved in understanding all of the electrical tests described in their training booklet on the scale …..

The test section of the experiment followed. The students were asked to complete the written test,
described in the materials section, …...

The methods section of a research paper provides the information by which a study's validity is judged.
Therefore, it requires a clear and precise description of how an experiment was done, and the rationale for
why specific experimental procedures were chosen. The methods section should describe what was done
to answer the research question, describe how it was done, justify the experimental design, and explain
how the results were analyzed. Scientific writing is direct and orderly. Therefore, the methods section
structure should: describe the materials used in the study, explain how the materials were prepared for the
study, describe the research protocol, explain how measurements were made and what calculations were
performed, and state which statistical tests were done to analyze the data. Once all elements of the methods
section are written, subsequent drafts should focus on how to present those elements as clearly and
logically as possibly. The description of preparations, measurements, and the protocol should be organized
chronologically. For clarity, when a large amount of detail must be presented, information should be
presented in sub-sections according to topic. Material in each section should be organized by topic from
most to least important.


Type of Research

The type of research that will be used in this study is qualitative research and
quantitative research. Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in-depth
understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. The
discipline investigates the “why” and “how” of decision making. Besides this, the
researcher will also examine the phenomenon through observations in numerical
representations and through statistical analysis. Along with questionnaires that
will be given out to respondents for the statistical representation of the findings in
the study, interviews with the respondents and a few experts in this field will also
be conducted.

Sampling Method

The research sampling method that will be used in this study is random sampling
to obtain a more scientific result that could be used to represent the entirety of the
population. A list of all health care facilities (maternity and lying-in clinics, public
and private hospitals, health centers) was acquired from the Las Piñas City Hall.
From 20 barangays, 3 will be picked through random sampling. The health care
facilities and institutions in these three barangays will then be the target sources
of respondents of the researcher. The health care facilities and institutions will be
contacted to obtain a verbal consent to administer the questionnaire to mothers at
their places. A letter of consent will also be sent to them along with a sample copy
of the questionnaire that will be used, as well as the protocol of the researcher. A
letter was also addressed to the City Health Officer to obtain endorsement and
consent to conduct a research in selected barangays and distribute questionnaires
to the mothers in the vicinity.
Data collection was conducted throughout the facilities‟ and health centers‟
operating hours from Mondays through Sundays in order to include both working
and non-working mothers.


The respondents in this research will all be coming from one single location - Las
Piñas City, specifically the randomly selected barangays of Pamplona I, CAA/BF
International and Pamplona III. The researcher chose Las Piñas City because of the
socio-economic conditions present in the area that is relevant to the study and also
as it fits the time frame and resources of the researcher. The randomly sampled
respondents will be asked by the researcher for consent and approval to answer
the questionnaire until the desired number of respondents which is 100 is reached.
The opinion of experts will also be sought in this research to provide explanations
regarding the respondents‟ infant feeding behaviors and practices.


The questionnaire requires information about the socio-economic and demographic

background of the mother. It also has questions related to previous infant feeding
practices and the birth of her youngest infant and also regarding the baby’s general
health and age.

Statements that are perceived to be factors that influence mothers‟ infant feeding
decisions were presented. The description of the type of infant formula given by
formula and mixed feeding mothers will also be asked in the material.