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FORMING QUESTIONS IN ENGLISH CAN BE CONFUSING.

Don’t worry – I’m going to teach you a simple formula that works for
asking questions in almost ALL the verb tenses!

This formula is called QUASM:

QU estion word
A uxiliary verb
S ubject
M ain verb

Look how QUASM works for forming questions in the following verb
tenses:

SIMPLE PRESENT QUESTIONS:

QUESTION AUXILIARY MAIN


WORD VERB SUBJECT VERB

Where do you work?

about the
What does Martha think project?

your new
How do you like apartment?

How many
kids does Bob have?

SIMPLE PAST QUESTIONS:

QUESTION AUXILIARY MAIN


WORD VERB SUBJECT VERB

English so
How did they learn fast?
get from work
When did you home yesterday?

about your
What did the manager think idea?

Where did you buy that T-shirt?

PRESENT CONTINUOUS QUESTIONS:

QUESTION AUXILIARY MAIN


WORD VERB SUBJECT VERB

at the
What are you doing moment?

Why is he ignoring me?

meeting
What time are we up for dinner?

Who is she dating now?

PAST CONTINUOUS QUESTIONS:

QUESTION AUXILIARY MAIN


WORD VERB SUBJECT VERB

to on the
Who were you talking phone?

when you
What was Jim doing called?

candy before
Why were the children eating dinner?

after the
How was he feeling surgery?
PRESENT PERFECT QUESTIONS:

QUESTION AUXILIARY MAIN


WORD VERB SUBJECT VERB

How much on clothes


money have you spent this month?

at this
How long has your teacher worked school?

been
What have they doing all day?

been for their


How long has the client waiting order?

FUTURE QUESTIONS:

QUESTION AUXILIARY MAIN


WORD VERB SUBJECT VERB

Who will you invite to the party?

your
What will parents think about your plan?

to clean your
When are you going room?

Why is she going to quit her job?

MODAL QUESTIONS:

QUESTION AUXILIARY MAIN


WORD VERB SUBJECT VERB

if you had a
What would you do million dollars?
How could we improve our English?

on my next
Where should I go vacation?

EXCEPTIONS:
Yes/No questions do not use a question word…

…but they still follow ASM (Auxiliary verb – Subject – Main verb)
 Do you like bananas?
 Did you enjoy the movie?
 Are you studying English?
 Were you sleeping when I called you last night?
 Have you finished your homework?
 Will you call me when you get home?
 Are you going to accept the job offer?
 Should we take the early morning flight?

Questions where the main verb is “be” also don’t follow the pattern:

 Are you thirsty?


 Is she a teacher?
 Were your parents angry when you failed the test?
 Was her ex-boyfriend a basketball player?