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CAN

MANUFACTURING
Te a m “ 2 ”
Presented to:
D r. M o h a m e d A b d E l - M o n e m D a h a
OUTLINES
• Introduction
• Types of Cans
• Materials
• Manufacturing Process
• Conclusion

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HISTORY OF CAN MANUFACTURING
• Early tin cans were sealed by soldering with a
tin-lead alloy, which could lead to lead
poisoning.
• Use of aluminum in cans began after the (2nd
world war) in 1957.
Why Aluminum?
• Less in cost.
• Greater malleability.
• This gave rise to the two-piece can, where all
but the top of the can is simply stamped out of a
single piece of aluminum, rather than
constructed from two pieces of steel.

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TOOL MATERIAL & HARDNESS

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TYPES OF CANS
(1) One-piece Cans.
(2) Two-Pieces Cans.
(3) Three pieces cans.

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ONE-PIECE CANS
Impact-extruded aluminum
cans necked-in to accept
the valve cup.
 No welding is used.
 Often used for sprays
and paints.

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A ONE-PIECE CANS PROCEDURES

(1) Punching (2) Impact Extrusion

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A ONE-PIECE CANS PROCEDURES

(3) Trimming (4) Washing & Drying

(5) Coating
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(6) Heat Drying 8
A ONE-PIECE CANS PROCEDURES

(7) Heat Drying (8) Roller Printing

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(9) Drying (10) Swaging
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A ONE-PIECE CANS PROCEDURES

(11) Testing (12) Packaging


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TWO-PIECE CANS
 Mostly used as beverage cans.
 They have many ends like
easy-open end.
 They may contain another
contents like car-wax and
shoe polisher.

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MATERIALS OF BEVERAGE CAN
The Aluminum can consists of:
 97.4% Aluminum
 1% Magnesium
 1% Manganese
 0.4% Iron
 0.2% Silicon

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TWO-PIECE CANS
Draw (Shallow Draw): Shallow-profile cans(whose
height is less than their diameter.
Draw and redraw (DRD): shallow drawing in 3 steps.
Draw and iron (D&I ): Carbonated beverage cans.

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PROCESS OF (DRAW & IRON) CAN

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SIDEWALL BEADING & CAN END SHELLS

• Requires more material.


• Reduces top-to-bottom compression
strength.
• Complicates labeling.

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CAN END (SEAMING)

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A TWO-PIECE CAN PROCEDURES
(1) Cutting the blank
(2) Redrawing the cup
(3) Trimming the ears
(4)Cleaning and decorating
(5) The lid
(6) Detecting and quality assurance
(7) Filling and seaming

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A TWO-PIECE (BEVERAGE) CAN PROCEDURES
(1) Cutting the blank

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BLANKING

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A TWO-PIECE (BEVERAGE) CAN PROCEDURES

(2) Redrawing the cup

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IRONING & END FORMING

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A TWO-PIECE (BEVERAGE) CAN PROCEDURES

(3) Trimming the ears

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EAR TRIMMING

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A TWO-PIECE (BEVERAGE) CAN PROCEDURES

(4)Cleaning and decorating

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COATING PROCESS

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A TWO-PIECE (BEVERAGE) CAN PROCEDURES

(5) The lid

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A TWO-PIECE (BEVERAGE) CAN PROCEDURES

(6) Detecting and


quality assurance
using duplex seam
micrometer.

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THREE-PIECE CANS
 They are made of Tin-
plated or tin-free steel
depending on the end use.
Used for paints containers,
glues, and aerosols.

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A THREE-PIECE CAN PROCEDURES

(1) Raw Material Coil (2) Cutting into sheets

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A THREE-PIECE CAN PROCEDURES

(3) Lacquer (4) Heating

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A THREE-PIECE CAN PROCEDURES

(5) Slitting to smaller sheets (6) Rolling

(7) Welding (8) Spraying & Curing


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A THREE-PIECE CAN PROCEDURES
(9) Flanging (10) Seaming

(11) Sidewall beading

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A THREE-PIECE CAN PROCEDURES
(12) Testing (13) Packaging

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SUMMARY

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CONCLUSION
• The manufacturing process for aluminum beverage cans
is already technologically very advanced, and therefore
it is useful to have the utmost information possible on
material and tooling, in order to optimize it

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Team “2”
1- Ahmed Ayman 2- Esraa Tarek
3- Bassant Hamdi 4- Dalia Mahmoud
5- Sara Samy 6- Tarek Hossny
7- Abdel Rahman Atef

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