HEPHAESTUS

Musical Mythology Hephaestus
(Tune: “Turkey in the Straw”)

Oh the Greeks had a god And Hephaestus was his name When the Romans talked about him They said Vulcan meant the same But whatever name you call him He’s as smart as he can be And he’s such a clever blacksmith He makes shields and jewelry. Hooray for Vulcan! Look what he makes! A shield for Achilles. He loves to create. And we just can’t list All of his arts. He was lame, but a craftsman. He had beauty in his heart.

Liz Hubbard, Sagel, ID Susan Hengelsberg, Perry, NY Ann Edwards, Belle, MO 59
Copyright 2007 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

HEPHAESTUS

Hephaestus Activity
Whenever a god or goddess wanted something made of metal, Hephaestus created the most extraordinarily wonderful things. He made a shield and other armor for Achilles at the request of Thetis, robots of gold in the form of young women who could move and speak, a necklace for Harmonia, and the invincible sword of Peleus.

Mimnermus, a Greek poet of the seventh century BCE, tells of one of the works of Hephaestus.

“Helios has as his lot toil day after day and there is never any rest either for him or his horses, when rosy-fingered dawn leaving the stream of Ocean makes her way up into the sky. But a beautiful hollow cup, winged and of precious gold, fashioned by the hands of Hephaestus, bears him, sleeping deeply, from the land of the Hesperides to the country of the Ethiopians, where he makes his swift chariot and horses stand, until the rising dawn comes.”

Vocabulary
In a dictionary, find the meaning of each vocabulary word as it is used in the excerpt above. lot bears fashioned toil _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

Questions
1. What are the Hesperides? ____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. Where is the land of the Ethiopians? _________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________ 3. Which other characters from literature were physically not beautiful but produced beauty? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
Bernice Jefferis Cleveland Heights, OH 60
Copyright 2007 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

HEPHAESTUS

Teacher’s Key Hephaestus Activity
Vocabulary
lot: bears: fashioned: toil: fate; fortune in life carries made work

Questions
1. The Hesperides are daughters of Atlas and Hesperis. They live in a garden far to the west (where the sun sets), and they guard the golden apple tree of Hera. Hesperis, in Latin, means “western.” This garden was thought to be near the Atlas Mountains in northern Africa at the western extreme of the Mediterranean Sea. 2. The ancient country of Ethiopia mentioned in mythology was located in northern Africa in a “dimly defined region” near the Red Sea at the eastern extreme of the Mediterranean Sea. This is where the Greeks believed that the sun rose. 3. Ugly Duckling Cyrano de Bergerac Rumplestiltskin Hunchback of Notre Dame The Beast in Beauty and the Beast

61

Copyright 2007 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

HEPHAESTUS

More Hephaestus Activities
Make a shield For younger children who may need a beginning place, a large circle drawn around the bottom of a wastebasket on tagboard or construction paper serves as the shield. It can be decorated with scenes from the child’s past, present, and future or with objects that symbolize the child’s characteristics. Or it can be decorated simply with designs that are pleasing. Design a robot Assigning this as a homework task will produce a wide variety of robots. Having a whole class design one provides for endless discussion about what, how, and why certain features should be included or excluded. Make jewelry Again this could be assigned as homework, or found-materials could be provided such as paperclips, buttons, and aluminum foil. Old or broken pieces of costume jewelry could be recycled. Write the words to a song about Hephaestus, Hera, or Thetis Choose an existing song whose melody is well known. Write one with the whole class, and then let individuals either write more verses or write new songs. Write a poem about Hephaestus, Hera, or Thetis Retell the story of Hephaestus’ fall from the point of view of Hephaestus, Zeus, or one of the other Olympians. Research occupations A “smith” works in metals. Find out what sort of work these people do. cooper potter tanner farrier herder scrivener drover wainwright Write the story into a play Make puppets, create dialogue, and produce a play for the class. You could also use classmates for the roles. Interview Hephaestus, Hera, or Thetis Produce this interview as a radio or television newscast. Write a news article Create the front page of a newspaper describing the event.
Bernice Jefferis Cleveland Heights, OH 62
Copyright 2007 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

HEPHAESTUS

Where Is Lemnos?
The locations mentioned in mythology can usually be found on a map. This is a map of Greece. Locate the following places on the map and label each.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Peloponnesus Athens Gulf of Corinth Ithaca Crete

6. Rhodes 7. Lemnos 8. Dardanelles 9. Sea of Marmara 10. Troy

11. 12. 13. 14.

Aegean Sea Mediterranean Sea Cyclades Olympia

Questions
1. How could you account for so many small islands in this part of the Mediterranean Sea? _________________________________________________________________________ 2. Look in an atlas to find the latitude of this part of the world. _____________________________ 3. Compare the Mediterranean climate to the climate where you live. ________________________ __________________________________________________________________________
Bernice Jefferis Cleveland Heights, OH 63
Copyright 2007 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

HEPHAESTUS

Teacher’s Key More Hephaestus Activities: Research Occupations
cooper potter tanner farrier herder scrivener drover wainwright a person who makes barrels or casks a person who makes earthenware pots or dishes a person whose work is changing hide into leather by soaking it in tannin (tannic acid) a person who shoes horses a person who tends a herd of animals a scribe or clerk a person who herds animals to market a person who builds or repairs wagons

Teacher’s Key Where Is Lemnos?

1. underwater volcanic action 2. approximately 30 to 40 degrees north latitude 3. Mediterranean climates are characterized by wet winters and dry summers. San Francisco, California, in the United States is approximately the same latitude as the Mediterranean Sea in Europe.

64

Copyright 2007 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

HEPHAESTUS

HEPHAESTUS
65
Copyright 2007 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful