ODYSSEY BOOK 10

THE ODYSSEY BOOK 10

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

SCRAMBLED NAMES
Unscramble the letters in the box below to form proper names found in Book X of the Odyssey. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. SHUKYLOORE ESUZ AAAII STREEIISA THAPISETAN ESSSDOYU IESLOH 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. PLEERON LAAIIO HATAKI ERIKK STOPLIE LAIOOS RESHEM

3 islands:

________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________

3 gods:

________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________

1 sorceress:

________________________________

2 kings:

________________________________ ________________________________

4 Akhaians:

________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________

1 blind shade:

________________________________
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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

TEACHER’S KEY SCRAMBLED NAMES
3 islands: Aiolia (9) Aiaia (3) Ithaka (10) Hermes (14) Zeus (2) Helios (7) Kirke (11) Aiolos (13) Antiphates (5) Odysseus (6) Polites (12) Eurylokhos (1) Elpenor (8) Teiresias (4)

3 gods:

1 sorceress: 2 kings:

4 Akhaians:

1 blind shade:

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

PEOPLE, PLACES, and THINGS
Match the words below with their descriptions. Some words you will use more than once. Aiaia Aiolia Aiolos Antiphates Buck Dawn Dogskin Cap Elpenor Eurylokhos Helios Hermes Ithaka Kirke Kyklops Laertes Laistrygones Molu Nymphs Odysseus Pig Polites Shipmates Teiresias Zeus

____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________

1. I refused to leave Aiaia while my men were under Kirke’s spell. 2. I was breakfast for Odysseus and his men on Kirke’s island. 3. I am Odysseus’ island home. 4. I spoke out against returning to Kirke’s house, but I finally went with Odysseus and his men. 5. I made Aiolos the warden of the winds. 6. I swore on heaven and hell that I would work no more enchantments on Odysseus and his men. 7. We shot boulders from slings at Odysseus’ ships. 8. I gave Odysseus a great herb with holy force to protect him from Kirke’s magic. 9. I fell off a ladder and died just before we were to leave Aiaia. 10. We were jealous of Odysseus’ presents and plunder. 11. I am Odysseus’ father. 12. I am Kirke’s father. 13. I am the item into which the lots were placed to determine who would explore Aiaia.

____________________________ ____________________________

___________________________ ____________________________

____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

PEOPLE, PLACES, and THINGS (continued)
Aiaia Aiolia Aiolos Antiphates Buck Dawn Dogskin Cap Elpenor Eurylokhos Helios Hermes Ithaka Kirke Kyklops Laertes Laistrygones Molu Nymphs Odysseus Pig Polites Shipmates Teiresias Zeus

____________________________

14. After a year with Kirke, my companions wanted to go home to Ithaka. 15. I am a giant who ate some of Odysseus’ men just before we landed on Aiolia. 16. I encouraged the men to greet Kirke on the first expedition. 17. I have a black root and a milky flower. 18. I led twenty-two men to explore Aiaia while Odysseus remained on the ship. 19. I am an island adrift upon the sea, the home of the wind king. 20. Odysseus must visit me to receive the course for sailing before he can return to Ithaka. 21. I have fingertips of rose. 22. I held a sword against Kirke’s throat, and she guessed who I was. 23. I feared treachery from Kirke so I stayed back when the others entered her marbled house. 24. I sent Odysseus away when he returned for more help. 25. I told Odysseus how to get to the land of Death and what sacrifices he must make there. 26. I told the story of the Akhaians to Aiolos.

____________________________

____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________

____________________________ ____________________________

____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________

____________________________ ____________________________

____________________________

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

PEOPLE, PLACES, and THINGS (continued)

Aiaia Aiolia Aiolos Antiphates Buck Dawn

Dogskin Cap Elpenor Eurylokhos Helios Hermes Ithaka

Kirke Kyklops Laertes Laistrygones Molu Nymphs

Odysseus Pig Polites Shipmates Teiresias Zeus

____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________

27. I am the island where Kirke lives. 28. I gave Odysseus a bull’s hide full of storm winds. 29. I am a goddess who weaves and sings to lure men into my house. 30. We prepared chairs, tables, wine, water and food for Odysseus and Kirke. 31. I am the animal into which Kirke changed Eurylokhos’ companions. 32. I considered suicide when the storm winds were loosed. 33. I am the cannibal king of the Laistrygones.

____________________________

____________________________ ____________________________

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

TEACHER’S KEY PEOPLE, PLACES, and THINGS
1. Odysseus 2. Buck 3. Ithaka 4. Eurylokhos 5. Zeus 6. Kirke 7. Laistrygones 8. Hermes 9. Elpenor 10. Shipmates 11. Laertes 12. Helios 13. Dogskin Cap 14. Odysseus 15. Kyklops 16. Polites 17. Molu 18. Eurylokhos 19. Aiolia 20. Teiresias 21. Dawn 22. Odysseus 23. Eurylokhos 24. Aiolos 25. Kirke 26. Odysseus 27. Aiaia 28. Aiolos 29. Kirke 30. Nymphs 31. Pig 32. Odysseus 33. Antiphates

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

AIOLOS, WARDEN OF THE WINDS – PART I Temptation Had Its Way
When Pandora opened the box, she succumbed to her curiosity. She did not seem to be motivated by greed or a feeling of unfairness. When Odysseus’ sailors opened the bag of winds, they were not curious about its contents at all; they were certain that the bag contained gold and silver. They planned to divide among themselves the spoils that they believed Odysseus intended to keep for himself. Write a four-paragraph essay that compares and contrasts the opening of Pandora’s box with the opening of the bag of winds. Consider these questions as you outline your essay:

a. What is the difference between succumbing to curiosity and succumbing to temptation? b. What were the outcomes of each situation? c. What events made it inevitable that the box and the bag would be opened? d. Did Zeus and Aiolos have hidden agendas when they gave their gifts?

READY TO WRITE Your first paragraph should be an introduction. Your second paragraph should include details that support similarities between the two incidents. Your third paragraph should include details that support differences between the two incidents. Your fourth paragraph should summarize what you have discussed in the previous two paragraphs.

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

AIOLOS, WARDEN OF THE WINDS – PART II Fair Wind Failed Us When Our Prudence Failed
1. What does it mean to be “prudent”? Find the definition of “prudent” and write it here. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

2. When Odysseus stated, “Fair wind failed us when our prudence failed,” what situation was he describing? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ (a) How did Odysseus’ prudence fail? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ (b) How did the sailors’ prudence fail? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

3. The goddess of prudence is Metis, Zeus’ first wife. Their child is Athena. How is the prudence of Metis shown in her advice to Zeus when he plans to overthrow Cronus? How does Metis trick Cronus for Zeus’ benefit? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ (a) What specific attributes of Athena show that she is indeed the daughter of Metis, goddess of prudence? ___________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________
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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

THE ENCOUNTER WITH CIRCE
Part I: Circe has an interesting family. Fill in the blanks with the names of her relatives. Father: _______________________________ Brother: ______________________________ Niece: _______________________________ Part II: When Circe encounters men, she transforms them into animals representative of their natures. Imagine that you can turn five of your friends into animals. What positive aspects of their personalities or their features remind you of certain animals? Be a benevolent sorcerer or sorceress and fill in the following chart. Friend Animal Reason Mother: _____________________________ Sister: _______________________________

Part III: Hermes saves Odysseus from the fate suffered by his shipmates by giving him a magic plant called “moly.” It is possible that the expression “Holy moly!” is derived from Book X of the Odyssey. You can read an interesting explanation of this possibility in Dale Dibbley’s book entitled From Achilles’ Heel to Zeus’s Shield. “Holy moly!” is used extensively in the Captain Marvel comic books that were popular in the 1940’s. You may recognize Captain Marvel in his recent incarnation as Shazam. Try to find one of the Captain Marvel comic books and look for the expression. Watch an episode of Shazam and see if the expression appears in the dialogue. For the history of Captain Marvel, access this website. http://www.toonopedia.com/capmarv1.htm

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ODYSSEY BOOK 10

TEACHER’S KEY AIOLOS, WARDEN OF THE WINDS – PART II
Fair Wind Failed Us When Our Prudence Failed
1. Capable of exercising sound judgment in practical matters; cautious; not rash 2. He was describing the nine days of smooth sailing before they sighted their homeland. a. He slept when he should have been supervising his sailors. He had worn himself out by not allowing anyone else to work the sheet for nine days. b. They opened a bag that was not theirs. They decided to abandon trust in a man who had risked his life for them. 3. Metis advises Zeus to obtain allies before he tries to overthrow Cronus. By telling Cronus that eating a certain herb will make him invincible, she tricks him into ingesting the herb that causes him to regurgitate Zeus’ siblings. a. Athena is the goddess of wisdom. For example, she gave the city of Athens the olive tree, a useful gift.

TEACHER’S KEY The Encounter with Circe
Part I: Father: Helios, the sun Brother: King Aeetes of Colchis Niece: Medea Mother: Perseis, a sea nymph Sister: Queen Pasiphae of Crete

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