The

Traditional

Metalsmith

Volume 5, Number 1 January, February, March 2004
5 page pdf sample of the 16 page 1st issue of 2004

Ye a r!
Blacksmithing is not defined by time period or motif. Blacksmithing is defined by process alone.

Our 5th

Topic: Repousse’ Tools & Process
Part 5

Motif: Hot Chisel & Chase Tooling: Historic ArtistBlacksmith Tool Styles Architectural Iron: Switch Plates Part 1 Gallery: European Iron

"A Bit of Everything"; Repousse', Chasing, Joinery

It's ability to act as a precise. was the extra power and 'third hand' of the blacksmith. NC. The Traditional Metalsmith www. control and an 'extra hand' in the shop like few other tools can. Published by NorDix Press . Metalwork can be very dangerous. in a modern shop and business environment.traditionalmetalsmith. The tools and shopFly Press Tooling problem-solving approaches of a pre-WW2 Next Issue.. As labor grew in expense. will eliminate shadows cast by tools and tool holder. For centuries.. Printed by Precision Graphics.with tool tips and safety topics as well. machine made.com . will deal with the issues of making metalwork of exceptional quality. metal work examples are by the author. coupled with properly shaped tools and tooling. The fly-press and the treadle hammer give the metalsmith precision. Overseas $40. art and business world. Swannanoa.1229 Bee Tree Lake Rd. While a treadle hammer has limitations. the treadle hammer came into being.00 annually. in a forge shop operation. hand tool applications. there are some paths which take longer than others and some tooling solutions which save time without sacrificing the unique quality of well made handwork. the treadle hammer opens a range of work for a singleThe Traditional Metalsmith 1229 Bee Tree Lake Rd. NC 28778 Printed Quarterly Rates: US & Canada $ 28. Copyright 2004 NorDix Press The infor- To Subscribe.Professional Smithing: Treadle Hammer This new section. this is because the tools of today replace hand work. a striker with a large. not supplant it.com 2 . Black Mountain. send payment to: mation included in this publication is intended only for non-powered. especially in striking at not harder. illustrated and edited quarterly by George Dixon. Again. in which tools and technologies were designed to aid hand work. Modern. repetitious 'striker'. metalworker are more adaptable to the 'hand made' art-metal shop (studio) now.. while the tools and tooling solutions of 100 years ago (and older) were geared to get the most out of hand work. It is easy to imagine the cost (on payday) of having a striker awaiting your needs and directions. In a sense. art metal work is as common as dirt. The end of the industrial age was also the culmination of a technical age. Professional smithing is about a shop approach in which the goal of making 'items and limited editions' meets the 'thirty day business cycle' . can open the 'next level' of process and productivity to a one-smith shop A treadle hammer. angles. All payable in U. than are the tools and technology of the late 20th and early 21st century. While there are no short-cuts to good work. hand made.S. art metal work commands substantial prices.dixon@mindspring. Be certain to know and follow safe shop practices. Professional Smithing. It is hard to overstate the advantages of striking. Wear Safety Glasses A pair of lights. Unless otherwise noted. NC 28778 The contents of this publication may not be reproduced without written authorization from NorDix Press. There are two tools which a metalsmith can use in place of a helper. two-handed hammer 1 of 2 pages on Treadle Hammers. well executed.george. allows a one-person operation to experience two-person outcomes. Work smarter. Funds Only Written. this section will address how a smith can grow and prosper in our contemporary.. set at 45 degrees. Wear Safety Glasses. Swannanoa..

Work evenly across the bar in. A heat resistant glove is sufficient protection for the hands. otherwise. It is much easier to notice and resolve errors in an evenly developing effect.Motif: Variants on the Theme Take a heat (yellow/white) and begin the move the isolated band of metal at each of the previously marked. layout location. use a tool-holder The 'wave' can be continuous or waves can be stepped apart by even length. Even depth cuts are the first hot step. Both of the examples started with the same outer lines. of the interior band on the leg (drawing. light. providing you are doing your own hammering and tool holding yourself. than it is to undo one hard swat. 1 of 3 pages on this motif. Kevlar gloves and controlled. to push the heat weakened bands of metal. Work progressively along the bar. The leg (lower right) had curved chisel cuts spaced vertically on the isolated. Do not take any one 'wave' element too far ahead of the rest of the effect. Here (upper and lower right) are two variants on the theme of 'isolated bands of metal to manipulate'. straight sections of metal band. Evenly spaced cuts with a curved chisel divides the bands. The Traditional Metalsmith 6 . hammer strikes. top right). larger band (unsplit). The same curved chisel was also used to cut the increments. using very moderate force from a hand hammer driving a ball-end tool.

The goal of this series on repousse' is to illuminate the range of process. 7 . wood or a metal form). blanks. Above and below: two sides of the same formed leaf veins. based on the requirements and shape of the pattern. 22. Architectural Terms from the 1888 edition of A Concise Glossary of Architecture Vignette: (French . styles and tools involved. next issue. Start making tools and by the next issue. Stake repousse’. 24 gauge). usually driven down. This starts the 'stake repousse' segment of the Traditional Metalsmith Repousse' Series. Wear Safety Glasses The blanks (leaves or geometric forms) are given volume from the back (hammered into lead. and then chased and detailed. process will make more sense. "Beginner" is a misleading term. Some of the tools and patterns of the process begin on the next page. The basic concept of stake repousse' involves a patterned piece of thin sheet metal (20. They are selected in conjunction with the stakes. made with stake and hammer. process and variants.also called Trail) a running ornament consisting of leaves and tendrils. it will be necessary to spread the process. Nor are they a "Master". annealed again. Once a person has a grasp of the basics of the tools. That realm is where the serious learning happens. cut and annealed. In that the magazine has other segments and only so much room. Use stakes and hammers to create the 'hills & valleys' of a stylized leaf surface. Between the basics and mastery of a type of metalwork lays the vast realm of practice and experimentation. from the front. patterns and tools over several of the upcoming issues. The leaf drawings show that 'volume' (doming from the back) and 'chasing' (details. The hammers have varied faces and sizes. Topic: Repousse’ A basic leaf form. from the front) are simple 'fullered lines' in appearance. on a series of stakes using hand-held hammers. The front legs of the book stand on the cover have a vignette in a panel. they are no longer a "Beginner". framed between them.

fullers and ball tools. They are shown life size. If the stakes are going to be set in a vise. The tooling is forged. See past Traditional Metalsmiths for the blank shapes and forging steps which apply to these stake tool ends. 8 . then filed. there are versions of every tool shown here which are either smaller. Otherwise. However. is followed by blade thickness: 1" to 1 1/2" x 1/8" to 3/8" 1" to 1 1/2" 1/8" to 3/8" Historic Tool Series 1/2" to 1" x 1/16" to 1/4" The working ends of the tools are made in the same manner as their smaller counterparts. The dimensions of the 'working end'. 1" to 1 1/2" x 1/8" to 3/8" 1 of 3 pages on these tools. making tools of these shapes and in a range of graduated sizes. always a square back with a rounded front The Traditional Metalsmith You have to decide how the stakes will be mounted in your shop. The more specialized stake tools will be last. 3/4" x 3/4" to 1 1/2" x 1 1/2". as blade length. which scores the tool shank held in the vise. made to receive tapered-base stakes. this segment will convey the the range of stake shapes and sizes which will then be used in the concurrent repousse' segments. larger or both. There are more stakes.Tooling: Historic Artist-Blacksmith Tool Styles The repousse' stake tools shown here are drawn from the Samuel Yellin Tool Collection. as are most of the working ends depicted. A 'Wally Yater' style swage block set has a pair of tapered holes. more specialized shapes. Front and side view of a stake end made for vise-mounting. be sure to forge solid. vise jaws almost always allow some slippage. So. Tapered stake end for swage block mounting. Tool dimensions are given for a range tools made in the illustrated configuration. which will be covered in this segment of future Traditional Metalsmiths. For the next few issues. is the direction you may wish to take toward making a set of tools. chisels. stepped shoulders which can rest on the top of there vise as the jaws hold a 'tang'.

send $28.Overseas Rate: $40.org .traditionalmetalsmith.To Subscribe online: www.artist-blacksmith.S. 4 issues. NC 28778 (USA) Please print your postal information clearly.00* to: The Traditional Metalsmith 1229 Bee Tree Lake Road Swannanoa. 20 pages per issue! *US & Canada .com To Subscribe by surface mail for 2004. Funds Only Free art-blacksmithing how-to can be found at: www.00 *U. Name:______________________________________________ Address:____________________________________________ City:_____________________ State/Province:______________ Country (if not USA):______________________Zip:________ The Traditional Metalsmith 2004.

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