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CrPC sections for registering FIR with

Police Station, Superintendent of Police

or Magistrate

CrPC Sec 154

154 (1): “Every information relating to the commission of a
cognizable offence, if given orally to an officer in charge
of a police station, shall be reduced to writing by him or
under his direction, and be read over to the informant; and
every such information, whether given in writing or reduced to
writing as aforesaid, shall be signed by the person giving it, and
the substance thereof shall be entered in a book to be kept by
such officer in such form as the State Government may prescribe
in this behalf.”

154 (2): “A copy of the information as recorded under sub-section

(1) shall be given forthwith, free of cost, to the informant.”

154 (3): “Any person aggrieved by a refusal on the part of

an officer in charge of a police station to record the
information referred to in sub-section (1) may send the
substance of such information, in writing and by post, to
the Superintendent of Police concerned who, if satisfied that
such information discloses the commission of a cognizable
offence, shall either investigate the case himself or direct an
investigation to be made by any police officer subordinate to him,
in the manner provided by this Code, and such officer shall have
all the powers of an officer in charge of the police station in
relation to that offence.”
CrPC Sec 156
156 (1): “Any officer in charge of a police station may, without the
order of a Magistrate, investigate any cognizable case which a
Court having jurisdiction over the local area within the limits of
such station would have power to inquire into or try under the
provisions of Chapter XIII.

156 (2): “No proceeding of a police officer in any such case

shall at any stage be called in question on the ground that
the case was one which such officer was not empowered under
this section to investigate.”

156 (3): “Any Magistrate empowered under section 190 may

order such an investigation as above-mentioned.”

CrPC Section 190

190 (1): Subject to the provisions of this Chapter, any
Magistrate of the first class, and any Magistrate of the
second class specially empowered in this behalf under
sub-section (2), may take cognizance of any offence –

(a) upon receiving a complaint of facts which constitute such

(b) upon a police report of such facts;
(c) upon information received from any person other than a
police officer, or upon his own knowledge, that such offence
has been committed.

190 (2): The Chief Judicial Magistrate may empower any

Magistrate of the second class to take cognizance under
sub-section (1) of such offences as are within his competence to
inquire into or try.
CrPC Sec 207
207: “In any case where the proceeding has been instituted on a
police report, the Magistrate shall without delay furnish to the
accused, free of cost, a copy of each of the following:-

(i) the police report;

(ii) the first information report recorded under section 154;

(iii) the statements recorded under sub-section (3) of section 161

of all persons whom the prosecution proposes to examine as its
witnesses, excluding therefrom any part in regard to which a
request for such exclusion has been made by the police officer
under sub-section (6) of section 173;

(iv) the confessions and statements, if any, recorded under

section 164;

(v) any other document or relevant extract thereof forwarded to

the Magistrate with the police report under sub-section (5) of
section 173:


(a)"bailable offence" means an offence which is shown as bailable
in the First Schedule, or which is made bailable by any other law
for the time being in force; and "non-bailable offence" means any
other offence;

(b)"charge" includes any head of charge when the charge

contains more heads than one;

(c) "cognizable offence" means an offence for which, and

"cognizable case" means a case in which, a police officer may, in
accordance with the First Schedule or under any other law for the
time being in force, arrest without warrant;
(d)"complaint" means any allegation made orally or in writing to a
Magistrate, with a view to his taking action under this Code, that
some person, whether known or unknown, has committed an
offence, but does not include a police report.

Explanation.- A report made by a police officer in a case

which discloses, after investigation, the commission of a
non-cognizable offence shall be deemed to be a complaint;
and the police officer by whom such report is made shall
be deemed to be the complainant;

(o) "officer in charge of a police station" includes, when the officer

in charge of the police station is absent from the station-house or
unable from illness or other cause to perform his duties, the
police officer present at the station-house who is next in rank to
such officer and is above the rank of constable or, when the State
Government so directs, any other police officer so present