Application Note 30 February 1989 Switching Regulator Circuit Collection

John Seago Switching regulators are of universal interest. Linear Technology has made a major effort to address this topic. A catalog of circuits has been compiled so that a design engineer can swiftly determine which converter type is best. This catalog serves as a visual index to be browsed through for a specific or general interest. The catalog is organized so that converter topologies can be easily found. There are 12 basic circuit categories: Battery, Boost, Buck, Buck-Boost, Flyback, Forward, High Voltage, Multioutput, Off Line, Preregulator, Switched Capacitor and Telecom. Additional circuit information can be located in the references listed in the index. The reference works as follows, i.e., AN8, Page 2 = Application Note 8, Page 2; LTC1044 DS = LTC1044 data sheet; DN17 = Design Note 17.
FIGURE # Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 18 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 30 Figure 40 Figure 49 Figure 51 Figure 71 Figure 72 Figure 76 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 PAGE 6 7 7 8 8 8 8 14 17 17 20 26 31 32 38 38 39 5 5 5 5 6 7 7 8 8 8 REFERENCE/SOURCE AN29, Page 9 AN29, Page 15 AN8, Page 9/LT1013 DS LT1018 DS AN15, Page 7/LT1018 DS LM10 DS AN8, Page 8 AN29, Page 12 AN8, Page 4/LT1013 DS AN23, Page 15 AN29, Page 13 AN29, Page 14 AN8, Page 5/LT1013 DS AN23, Page 16 LTC1044 DS AN8, Page 2/LTC1044 DS AN8, Page 7/LTC1044 DS AN19, Page 13/AN25, Page 2/LT1070 DS AN19, Page 37/LT1070 DS AN19, Page 40/LT1070 DS AN19, Page 38/LT1070 DS AN29, Page 9 AN29, Page 15 AN8, Page 9/LT1013 DS LT1018 DS AN15, Page 7/LT1018 DS LM10 DS
an30fa

DRAWING INDEX
FIGURE TITLE Battery 2A Converter with 150µA Quiescent Current (6V to 12V) 200mA Output Converter (1.5V to 5V) Up Converter (6V to 15V) Regulated Up Converter (5V to 10V) Boost Converter (1.5V to 5V) Up Converter (1.5V to 5V) Single Cell Up Converter (1.5V to 5V) The Low Quiescent Current Loop Applied to a Buck Converter (8V-16V to 5V) Low Power Switching Regulator (9V to 5V) Micropower Switching Regulator (5.8V-10V to 5V) Transformer Coupled Low Quiescent Current Converter (12V to 5V, ±12V) 800µA Output Converter (1.5V to 5V) Switching Preregulated Linear Regulator (9V to 5V) Micropower Post Regulated Switching Regulator (6V-10V to 5V) Generating CMOS Logic Supply from 2 Mercury Batteries (2.4V to 4.8V) Battery Splitter (9V to ±4.5V) Regulated Voltage Up Converter Boost Boost Converter (5V to 12V) Voltage Boosted Boost Converter (15V to 100V) Current Boosted Boost Converter (16V-24V to 28V) Negative Boost Regulator (–15V to –28V) 2A Converter with 150µA Quiescent Current (4.5V-8V to 12V) 200mA Output Converter (1.5V to 5V) Up Converter (6V to 15V) Regulated Up Converter (5V to 10V) Boost Converter (1.5V to 5V) Up Converter (1.5V to 5V)

AN30-1

Application Note 30
DRAWING INDEX
FIGURE TITLE Boost (Continued) Single Cell Up Converter (1.5V to 5V) Single Inductor, Dual Polarity Regulator (6V to ±15V) Single Inductor Regulated Converter (5V to ±15V) Low Noise Converter (5V to ±15V) Ultralow Noise Sine Wave Drive Converter (5V to ±15V) Single Inductor, Dual Output Converter (5V to ±15V) Basic Flash EPROM VPP Pulse Generator (5V to 12.75V or 12V) High Repetition Rate VPP Pulse Generator (5V to 12.75V or 12V) Buck Positive Buck Converter (15V-35V to 5V) The Low Quiescent Current Loop Applied to a Buck Converter (8V-16V to 5V) Positive Buck Converter (7V-15V to 5V) Positive Buck Converter Negative Buck Converter (–20V to – 5.25V) 90% Efficiency Positive Buck Converter with Synchronous Switch (9.5V-14V to 5V) Low Power Switching Regulator (9V to 5V) Micropower Switching Regulator (5.8V-10V to 5V) 5V, 1A Regulator (8V-30V to 5V) High Power Linear Regulator with Switching Preregulator Linear Regulator with Switching Preregulator Switching Preregulated Linear Regulator (9V to 5V) Low Dissipation Regulator (10V-20V to 5V) Micropower Post Regulated Switching Regulator (6V-10V to 5V) High Current Low Dissipation Preregulated Linear Regulator Switching Preregulator for Wide Input Voltage Range (7.5V-30V to 5V) High Current Positive Buck with Bootstrapped NMOS Gate Drive (15V-35V to 5V) Buck-Boost Positive Buck-Boost Converter (15V-35V to 28V) Nonisolated Regulator (– 48V to 5V) Positive-to-Negative Buck-Boost Converter (10V-30V to –12V) Flyback Flyback Converter (20V-30V to 5V) Transformer Coupled Low Quiescent Current Converter (12V to 5V, ±12V) Totally Isolated Converter (5V to ±15V) Input Positive Output Negative Flyback Converter (3.5V-35V to –5V) High Efficiency Flux Sensed Isolated Converter (12V to 5V) Positive Current Boosted Buck Converter (28V to 5V) Negative Current Boosted Buck Converter Negative Input-Negative Output Flyback Converter Positive Input-Negative Output Flyback Converter Fully Isolated Regulator (–48V to 5V) Low IQ, Isolated Converter (5V to ±15V) 800µA Output Converter (1.5V to 5V) Multioutput Flyback Converter (12V to 5V, ±12V) Multioutput, Transformer Coupled Low Quiescent Current Converter (12V to 5V, ±12V) FIGURE # Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 87 Figure 88 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 46 Figure 48 Figure 49 Figure 50 Figure 51 Figure 52 Figure 53 Figure 89 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 Figure 30 Figure 31 Figure 32 Figure 33 Figure 34 Figure 35 Figure 36 Figure 37 Figure 38 Figure 39 Figure 40 Figure 85 Figure 86 PAGE 8 9 10 11 12 13 43 43 13 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 30 31 31 32 32 33 33 44 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 26 42 42 REFERENCE/SOURCE AN8, Page 8 AN8, Page 10/LT1013 DS AN29, Page 6 AN29, Page 2 AN29, Page 4 DN17 DN17 AN29, Page 23 AN29, Page 12 AN19, Page 23 AN19, Page 17/LT1070 DS AN29, Page 18 AN8, Page 4/LT1013 DS AN23, Page 15 LT3524 DS AN29, Page 25/LT1083 DS AN2, Page 3 AN8, Page 5/LT1013 DS LT1035 DS AN23, Page 16 AN2, Page 4/LT1038 DS LT1020 DS

AN29, Page 24 AN19, Page 20/AN25, Page 4/AN29, Page 21 AN19, Page 39/LT1070 DS AN19, Page 26/AN29, Page 20/LT1070 DS AN29, Page 13 AN19, Page 30/LT1070 DS AN29, Page 22 AN29, Page 19 AN19, Page 34/LT1070 DS AN19, Page 36/LT1070 DS AN19, Page 36/LT1070 DS AN19, Page 37/LT1070 DS AN25, Page 6 AN29, Page 7 AN29, Page 14 DN18 DN18
an30fa

AN30-2

Application Note 30
DRAWING INDEX
FIGURE TITLE Forward Forward Converter (20V-30V to 5V) High Voltage Nonisolated Converter (15V to 1000V) Isolated Output Converter (15V to 1000V) Converter with 20,000V Isolation (15V to 10V) Multioutput Single Inductor, Dual Polarity Regulator (6V to ±15V) Single Inductor Regulated Converter (5V to ±15V) Low Noise Converter (5V to ±15V) Ultralow Noise Sine Wave Drive Converter (5V to ±15V) Single Inductor, Dual Output Converter (5V to ±15V) Transformer Coupled Low Quiescent Current Converter (12V to 5V, ±12V) Totally Isolated Converter (5V to ±15V) Low IQ, Isolated Converter (5V to ±15V) Dual Preregulated Supply (90V AC-130V AC to ±12V) Dual Output Voltage Doubler Switched Capacitor Converter (5V to ±12V) Switched Capacitor Charge Pump-Based Voltage Multiplier (5V to ±12V) Dual Output Switched Capacitor Voltage Generator Switched Capacitor-Based Converter (6V to ±7V) Voltage Multiplier (±5V to ±15V) High Current Switched Capacitor Converter (6V to ±5V) Multioutput Flyback Converter (12V to 5V, ±12V) Multioutput, Transformer Coupled Low Quiescent Current Converter (12V to 5V, ±12V) Off Line 100W Off-Line Switching Regulator. DANGER! Lethal Potentials Present Preregulator High Power Linear Regulator with Switching Preregulator Dual Preregulated Supply (90V AC-130V AC to ±12V) Linear Regulator with Switching Preregulator Switching Preregulated Linear Regulator (9V to 5V) Low Dissipation Regulator (10V-20V to 5V) Micropower Post Regulated Switching Regulator (6V-10V to 5V) High Current Low Dissipation Preregulated Linear Regulator Switching Preregulator for Wide Input Voltage Range (7.5V-30V to 5V) Switched Capacitor Basic Voltage Inverter Basic Voltage Inverter/Regulator Negative Voltage Doubler Positive Doubler Switched Capacitor – VIN to VOUT Converter 100mA Regulating Negative Doubler Dual Output Voltage Doubler Switched Capacitor Converter (5V to ±12V) FIGURE # Figure 41 Figure 42 Figure 43 Figure 44 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 30 Figure 31 Figure 39 Figure 47 Figure 60 Figure 61 Figure 62 Figure 78 Figure 79 Figure 81 Figure 84 Figure 85 Figure 86 Figure 45 Figure 46 Figure 47 Figure 48 Figure 49 Figure 50 Figure 51 Figure 52 Figure 53 Figure 54 Figure 55 Figure 56 Figure 57 Figure 58 Figure 59 Figure 60 Figure 61 PAGE 27 27 28 28 9 10 11 12 13 20 21 25 30 35 35 36 39 40 41 41 42 42 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 33 34 34 34 34 34 35 35 35 REFERENCE/SOURCE AN19, Page 41/LT1070 DS AN29, Page 26 AN29, Page 27 AN29, Page 28 AN8, Page 10/LT1013 DS AN29, Page 6 AN29, Page 2 AN29, Page 4 AN29, Page 13 AN19, Page 30/LT1070 DS AN29, Page 7 LT1086 DS LT1054 DS AN29, Page 30/LT1054 DS AN29, Page 31 LT1026 DS AN29, Page 31 LT1032 DS AN29, Page 29 DN18 DN18 AN25, Page 8 AN29, Page 25/LT1083 DS LT1086 DS AN2, Page 3 AN8, Page 5/LT1013 DS LT1035 DS AN23, Page 16 AN2, Page 4/LT1038 DS LT1020 DS LT1054 DS LT1054 DS LT1054 DS AN29, Page 30/LT1054 DS AN29, Page 29 LT1054 DS LT1054 DS AN29, Page 30/LT1054 DS
an30fa

AN30-3

Application Note 30
DRAWING INDEX
FIGURE TITLE Switched Capacitor (Continued) Switched Capacitor Charge Pump-Based Voltage Multiplier (5V to ±12V) Regulator (3.5V to 5V) Regulating 200mA Converter (12V to – 5V) Digitally Programmable Negative Supply Positive Doubler with Regulation Negative Doubler with Regulator Negative Voltage Converter Voltage Doubler Voltage Doubler Generating CMOS Logic Supply from 2 Mercury Batteries (2.4V to 4.8V) Battery Splitter (9V to ±4.5V) Paralleling for Lower Output Resistance Stacking for Higher Voltage Voltage Tripler/Quadrupler Regulated Voltage Up Converter (3V to 5V) Regulated Negative Voltage Converter Dual Output Switched Capacitor Voltage Generator Switched Capacitor-Based Converter (6V to ±7V) High Power Switched Capacitor Converter (12V to 5V) Voltage Multiplier (±5V to ±15V) Charge Pump Negative Voltage Generator Charge Pump Voltage Doubler High Current Switched Capacitor Converter (6V to ±5V) Telecom Nonisolated Regulator (– 48V to 5V) Fully Isolated Regulator (– 48V to 5V) FIGURE # Figure 62 Figure 63 Figure 64 Figure 65 Figure 66 Figure 67 Figure 68 Figure 69 Figure 70 Figure 71 Figure 72 Figure 73 Figure 74 Figure 75 Figure 76 Figure 77 Figure 78 Figure 79 Figure 80 Figure 81 Figure 82 Figure 83 Figure 84 Figure 27 Figure 38 PAGE 36 36 36 37 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39 40 40 41 41 41 41 19 24 REFERENCE/SOURCE AN29, Page 31 LT1054 DS LT1054 DS LT1054 DS LT1054 DS LT1054 DS LTC1044 DS LTC1044 DS AN8, Page 6 LTC1044 DS AN8, Page 2/LTC1044 DS LTC1044 DS LTC1044 DS LTC1044 DS AN8, Page 7/LTC1044 DS AN8, Page 2/LTC1044 DS LT1026 DS AN29, Page 31 AN3, Page 16/AN8, Page 5/AN29, Page 32 LT1032 DS LT1020 DS LT1020 DS AN29, Page 29 AN19, Page 20/AN25, Page 4/AN29, Page 21 AN25, Page 6

SUGGESTED READING Pulse Engineering Catalog—Switching Magnetics Pulse Engineering, Inc. P.O. Box 12235 San Diego, CA 92112 (619) 268-2400 Pressman, A.I., “Switching and Linear Power Supplies, Power Converter Design,” Hayden Book Co., Hasbrouck Heights, New Jersey, 1977, ISBN 0-8104-5847-0. Chryssis, G., “High Frequency Switching Power Supplies, Theory and Design,” McGraw Hill, New York, 1984, ISBN 0-07-010949-4 Nelson, C., “LT1070 Design Manual,” Linear Technology Corporation, Application Note 19.
an30fa

Williams, J., “Switching Regulators for Poets,” Linear Technology Corporation, Application Note 25. Williams, J., “Power Conditioning Techniques for Batteries,” Linear Technology Corporation, Application Note 8. Williams, J. and Huffman, B., “Some Thoughts on DC-DC Converters,” Linear Technology Corporation, Application Note 29. Williams, J., “Inductor Selection for LT1070 Switching Regulators,” Linear Technology Corporation, Design Note 8.

AN30-4

7k 1% VIN 15V + LT1070 VSW 1 L1 N=5 D1 R1 98k GND VC FB R3 10k C2 0.Application Note 30 L2 10µH 5V L1** 150µH D1 VIN C3* 100µF VSW OUTPUT FILTER C3 100µF VIN R4 680Ω 1W D2 C3 0. Current Boosted Boost Converter (16V-24V to 28V) D2 VIN VSW C4* 470µF + LT1070 R1 27k + + C3 10µF C1 1000µF RO (MINIMUM LOAD) GND VC FB R3 3.24k GND VC AN30 F03 Figure 3.3k C2 0.68µF TOTAL INDUCTANCE = 4mH INTERLEAVE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY FOR LOW LEAKAGE INDUCTANCE VOUT 100V 300mA + LT1070 GND VC FB R3 1k C1 1µF *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥ 2" **PULSE ENGINEERING 92113 + 12V 1A C2 1000µF R1 10. Voltage Boosted Boost Converter (15V to 100V) R4 C3 I N D1 D2 VIN VIN 16V TO 24V VOUT 28V 4A + LT1070 VSW R1 27k + C1 FB R3 C2 R2 1.24k 1% + C1 200µF AN30 F01 AN30 F02 Figure 1.24k R2 1.22µF R2 1.24k VIN –15V L1 200µH D1 *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥ 2" VOUT –28V 1A AN30 F04 Figure 4.047µF R2 1. Negative Boost Regulator (–15V to – 28V) an30fa AN30-5 . Boost Converter (5V to 12V) Figure 2.

5V-8V to 12V) AN30-6 + + A1 1/2 LT1017 – R6 200Ω + 12VOUT R1* 1M R7 100k C3 1500pF 6V R3 2M R4 10k R5 180k 6V LT1004 1. INC. 2A Converter with 150µA Quiescent Current (4.5V TO 8V) 3.2V AN30 F05 – A2 1/2 LT1017 “LOW BATT” an30fa .Application Note 30 6VIN (4.6M* + 47µF L1 50µH MUR405 1.2M* + VSW C1 2700µF LT1070 FB VC GND R2* 120k C2 47µF 10pF (OPTIONAL) *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. #PE-51515 = 1N4148 = 74C04 Figure 5.

6k 0.5VIN 100Ω Q1 2N2907 2Ω TO C1B “+” INPUT 75k 1k LT1004 1.74k* OPTIONAL IF VSUPPY CAN EXCEED 1.6k AN30 F07 AN30-7 . Up Converter (6V to 15V) an30fa – + + + – + 1.001µF 2 – L1 = AIE–VERNITRON 24–104 78% EFFICIENCY Figure 7.5V C1A 1/2 LT1018 68k 1.5VIN 200k C1B 1/2 LT1018 39k HP5082-2810 *1% METAL FILM RESISTORS L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.01µF 47k 1N4148 1.2µF L1 1MHY 220pF 1N5821 130k LT1004 1.5VIN 10k 1.5VIN 47k AN30 F06 OUTPUT 15V 50mA 200k 5 + – 8 7 LT1013 6 4 + 100µF 5.2V 100k 665Ω* 1k 576Ω* 100k 1. 200mA Output Converter (1. INC.8µF 10k 0.2V 1M 220k 3 + LT1013 1 300Ω 2N5262 0.5VIN L1 25µH 220µF 1N5823 5VOUT + 500µF 3. #PE-92100 Figure 6.5V to 5V) INPUT 6V 2N2222 22k + 2.1µF 5.7V +V 1.Application Note 30 22µF VIN VSW Q2 2N3507 LT1070 FB VC 1k GND + 6.

INC Figure 8.5V (BAT) 7 6 5.1µF 200k LT1004 1.1µF – 2k REF AMP T1 = TRIAD SP-29 Q1 TO Q3 = 2N1194 + + + 100µF – C1B 1/2 LT1018 365k* – 1 1N4148 OUTPUT 10V 2mA 220pF 1M 100k 22µF L1 4.5V + 2 0.5V to 5V) Figure 11.5V Q1 EVEREADY 850 Q2 4 0.2V *1% FILM RESISTOR L1 = RL1123-47-RENCO.1µF 10k 15k 15k 300pF 5V OUT TO CMOS SYSTEM 470Ω 5 2 15k T1 D1 47µF 1N100A 6 3 Q3 0.5V to 5V) AN30-8 + D1.004µF D2 Q2 1.0022µF 100k* 120k* 56.Application Note 30 5V 400mH* 1N4148 100k 1.2 1 + R1 R2 ( ) R2** 120k AN30 F08 LT1034 1. Up Converter (1. Q2 = 2N2222A R = OUTPUT ADJUST T1 = STANCOR PCT-39 THIS 1.2V 5 3 – + 8 1/2 LT1018 4 + 2000pF C1A 1/2 LT1018 2M + 1/2 LT1018 7 R1** 910k 1M 1N4148 6 – 110k 0. Regulated Up Converter (5V to 10V) Figure 9.1M LM10 + OP AMP 1 AN30 F10 REF 4 200mV REF Figure 10.2k* 120k 1N914 *DALE TE-5/Q3/400mH **VOUT = 1.5V BATTERY TO 5V OUTPUT DESIGN CAN DRIVE LOW POWER CIRCUITRY FOR MONTHS – + – LM10 2 3 8 REF 200mV R 250k 0. Boost Converter (1.5V to 5V) 15k Q1 1. Single Cell Up Converter (1.7mH HP50822810 EOUT 5V + 47µF AN30 F09 1N100A T1 1 47µF 5V OUTPUT + + – 10M 200k OUTPUT ADJUST 330k AN30 F11 an30fa . D2 = 1N933 (GERMANIUM) Q1.

005µF 1M –15VOUT AN30 F12 Figure 12.4M 1N914 6V CLK 1 74C74 D1 Q1 D2 16V 22k 10µF 4 –16V 7 LT1013 5 L1 = 24-104 AIE VERNITRON = 1N4148 ±5mA OUTPUT 75% EFFICIENCY 2N5114 0. Dual Polarity Regulator (6V to ±15V) – + + – + + + 82k 6 LT1004 1.2V an30fa AN30-9 .Application Note 30 6V 1µF 15pF 22k 10k 10k 2N3906 +V 100kHz INPUT Q1 CLK 2 Q2 Q2 10k 2N3904 15pF 10k 1N914 –16V 74C00 L1 1mH 10µF 2N4391 16V 8 1 LT1013 3 15VOUT 0.005µF 2 6V 100k 200k VOUT ADJ 1. Single Inductor.

2V Figure 13. INC.7k Q2 2N3904 100Ω 5V 10k 300Ω 2k Q2 2N3507 100µF 137k* 15VOUT + + C1B 1/2 LT1018 – 1k 5V *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.4k* AN30 F13 1000pF an30fa .Application Note 30 150k* 5V 12.7k Q1 2N3906 5V – 32k 10k Q3 2N5023 –15VOUT 100µF 5 L1 145µH 74C90 ÷ 10 12 10k 5V φ1 4.4k* HP5082-2810 + C1A 1/2 LT1018 300Ω 10k 2k 100Ω φ2 4. #PE-92105 = 1N4148 = 74C14 LT1004 1. Single Inductor Regulated Converter (5V to ±15V) AN30-10 + 12.

5V TO 5. INC # PE-61592 AN30 F14 + φ2 + + 249Ω* 74C14 OUT COMMON –15V OUT 1µF an30fa AN30-11 .001µF LT1086 8 10k 2 0.74k* φ1 15kHz.001µF 74C74 Q POINT “A” BOOST OUTPUT ≈17V DC CLK NONOVERLAP GENERATOR + D2 1N5817 74C02 74C02 + + 100µF 249Ω* 10µF 15V OUT 74C14 + 10µF 2. FERRONICS #21-110J Figure 14. 5µs NONOVERLAP LEVEL SHIFTS Q2 –4V DC 10OΩ DRIVERS EDGE Q4 SHAPING 10OΩ 1k 22µF 0.003µF D1 1N5817 D 10OΩ 10OΩ Q3 Q6 S L1 100µF 9 74C14 MUR 120 (ALL) D 6 TURBO BOOST 4 8 D3 1N5817 1N5817 D 5VIN (4.74k* = +5 GROUND = ±15 COMMON = FERRITE BEAD.003µF 10µF 2.001µF Q5 S 1 7 470Ω 0.5V) 2 10µF + +V CK 74C74 0. Low Noise Converter (5V to ±15V) Application Note 30 + 10k *1% FILM RESISTOR 150k FET = MOTOROLA MTP3055E NPN = 2N3904 PNP = 2N3906 L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.001µF 3 74C14 Q1 10k 5V LT337A 150k 1k 0.22k 1N5817 + 100µF 3 Q LT1054 5 BOOST 47µF 10k 5V 0.

1Ω –19V UNREG 220µF 3 0. INC #PE-92100 L3 = PULSE ENGINEERING.1µF 15VOUT OUT COMMON 10k* L2 25µH 47µF + 0. INC #PE-65064 UNMARKED NPN = 2N3904 = 1N4148 * = 1N4934 = +5 GROUND = ±15 GROUND Figure 15.5V A4 1/2 LT1013 IQ CONTROL LOOP + 1/2 LT1013 10k* –15VOUT + – A2 OSCILLATOR STAB.1µF AN30 F15 an30fa . LOOP – + 4 A6 1/2 LT1013 A8 LT1010 3.1k 430Ω 1N4001 22µF 10k* 1µF 5V 8 10k 1µF 2k 220Ω Q4 MJE2955 50Ω 0.5V) 4.1k *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR † THF337K006P1G L1.22µF – + 1k 5V 10k THERMALLY MATED 10k 620Ω 20k 0.5V TO 5.99k* POWER AMP 0.01µF 1k 16kHz OSCILLATOR 220Ω 0.1µF 1k* 8 Q2 2N2219 0.22µF 0.1µF 8 330Ω * * * 1 1N4001 1N5260B 10k 0. Ultralow Noise Sine Wave Drive Converter (5V to ±15V) + Q1 + A3 LT1006 + + AN30-12 5VIN (4.22µF 680Ω Application Note 30 270Ω (SELECTED VALUE) – 50Ω 2k 0.01µF – A7 LT1010 L1 25µH 47µF OUT LT1021 IN 10V 19V UNREG 220µF 330Ω + 0.005µF 4 100Ω Q6 200k 750Ω* 1k Q5 MJE3055 L3 5 * 330µF† 5k 68Ω A6 1/2 LT1013 + + + 8 1k 47µF A1 LT1006 – + 820Ω Q3 2N2905 430Ω 0.33µF LT1009 2. L2 = PULSE ENGINEERING.

INC #PE-52648 + 10µF 3 4 Figure 16. Single Inductor.01k* 1k 2N2222 1N4148 100Ω 1W 1k* OPTIONAL 5VOUT 5A an30fa AN30-13 . INC #PE-92113 Figure 17.1k 100µF 1k 1µF AN30 F17 FB VC *1% FILM RESISTORS L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. MUR120 L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.05µF *1% FILM RESISTORS **MOTOROLA. Positive Buck Converter (15V-35V to 5V) + + Q1 IRF9Z30 (HEAT SINK) 12V D2 1N759 (OPT) L1 170µH D2 MBR735 (MOTOROLA) 1000µF 2N6667 (HEAD SINK) 3. Dual Output Converter (5V to ±15V) VIN 12V TO 35V 0.32k* 2µF 5.Application Note 30 L1 470µH 5V VIN VSW E1 LT1072CN8 E2 GND FB VC 1k 1µF AN30 F16 MUR120** 1N4001 1N4001 1N4001 12V 75mA 470µF 4.1Ω 1k 1k 2N3906 D1 1N4148 51Ω 2W Q2 2N2222A + 100µF VIN VSW E1 LT1072CN8 E2 GND 1N4148 1k 2N2222 5.1k + + 100µF + 499Ω* 100µF –12V 75mA 1 2 5 6 LT1054 7 8 20k* 215k* 2k 2N2222 100µF 0.

Application Note 30 12VIN 8V TO 16V 0.4Ω 100Ω Q2 2N3906 1k Q4 2N3904 Q1 IRF-9531 L1 100µH + MUR405 2700µF 1M 1M* 5VOUT 1500pF 100k + 10µF VIN LT1072 VC 2k Q3 2N3904 12VIN FB GND NC VSW 340k* 200Ω 10k 1/2 LT1017 1N4148 1N4148 10pF 47µF *1% FILM RESISTOR L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.2V AN30 F18 1N4148 an30fa . INC #PE-92108 = 74C04 Figure 18. The Low Quiescent Current Loop Applied to a Buck Converter (8V-16V to 5V) AN30-14 + + – 10k 470k 12VIN LT1004 1.

INC. Positive Buck Converter (7V-15V to 5V) VIN D3 1N4001 VIN C3 2.5A C4 1000µF 100mA MINIMUM AN30 F20 an30fa AN30-15 . #PE-52648 Figure 19.2µF + LT1070 VSW R1 3.01k* 1k* AN30 F19 5VOUT 250mA L2 4µH C5 200µF R4 10Ω 5V 4.1k 100pF 1k 1µF FB VC *1% FILM RESISTORS L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.74k FB GND VC R3 470Ω C1 1µF D1 MBR745 R2 1.Application Note 30 VIN 7V TO 15V 1Ω 100Ω 1k 2N3906 1N5819 (MOTOROLA) 2N2905 220Ω 470µF L1 470µH + 10µF VIN VSW E1 LT1072CN8 E2 GND 1N4148 1k 2N2222 5.24k r D2 1N914 OPTIONAL OUTPUT FILTER C5* 100µF + + C2 1µF L1** 100µF + *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥2" **PULSE ENGINEERING 92112 Figure 20. Positive Buck Converter + 3.

5V TO 14. Negative Buck Converter (–20V to – 5.Application Note 30 D1 VIN C3 100µF OPTIONAL INPUT FILTER L3 C1 R3 VIN – 20V R2 1.5A + LT1070 GND VC + C4 200µF *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥ 2" **PULSE ENGINEERING 92113 Figure 21.5 9k 3. 90% Efficiency Positive Buck Converter with Synchronous Switch (9.5V-14V to 5V) an30fa AN30-16 .2V) 12VIN 9.5k *1% FILM RESISTORS **VBE MATCHING OF 20mV AT 200µA L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. INC.2V 4.018Ω Q8** 2N3906 1k Q7** 2N3906 5k R1 619Ω VIN E1 D1 1N4148 Q5 2N2222 1N4148 5k Q3 2N2222 D3 1N4148 Q1 P50N05E L1 100µH 50Ω 1N4148 Q6 2N2222 100Ω Q9 2N2222 220Ω 1k 1µF Q4 VN2222LL 220Ω D2 1N4148 1k* Q2 P50N05E AN30 F22 C1 0.1µF + 220µF VSW LT1072CN8 FB VC E2 GND 3. #PE-92210K = P50N05E (MOTOROLA) IRFZ44 (INTERNATIONAL RECTIFIER) Figure 22.64k LOAD – 5.24k VSW Q1 2N3906 FB OPTIONAL OUTPUT FILTER L2 4µH AN30 F21 + L1** 200µH C2 1000µF R1 4.5V 50k 100Ω 47pF 0.01k* VOUT 5V 5A + 1000µF LT1004-2.

Micropower Switching Regulator (5.8V – 10V – 74C907 (SEE DETAIL) 390k* INPUT 74C907 DETAIL VCC 0.2k L1 = DALE TE-3/Q3/TA 220k 9V LT1034 1. Low Power Switching Regulator (9V to 5V) 100mH DALE TE-5Q4-TA 1N5817 + 5VOUT 47µF + +V INPUT V = 5.01Ω 9V + A2 LT1013 1N4148 + A1 LT1013 100k 50k OUTPUT ADJUST – – 1M 1.2Ω OUTPUT + C2 1/2 LT1017 1N914 – +V 100k* – C1 1/2 LT1017 5pF 50k OUTPUT ADJUST + +V 330k 1M 12k *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR LT1004 1.8V-10V to 5V) an30fa AN30-17 .2V AN30 F24 47k HP5082 2810 Figure 24.Application Note 30 9V Q1 2N2907A 10k 1N4148 L1 10mHy + 47µF 5VOUT 1µF EVEREADY E-92-6 CELLS 10k 100pF 390k 0.2V AN30 F23 Figure 23.

5V.5k 0.01µF 9 COMP CL– GND 8 0.Application Note 30 VIN ≥ 8V 5k Q1 2N6191 600Ω Q2 2N3906 L1 450µH 5V 1A 600Ω 15 5k 5k 16 1 5k 6. 1A Regulator (8V-30V to 5V) 28V NOMINAL 15V TO 35V 1k Q2 2N2222A 1N4148 220Ω 1W Q1 ERF9Z30 L1 330µH D4 MBR360 28V 250mA 7.21k* *1% FILM RESISTORS L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. Positive Buck-Boost Converter (15V-35V to 28V) an30fa AN30-18 .01µF 7 30k 0.1µF VREF NI INV VIN + 11 13 14 4 5 0.1k* D2 MBR360 + 100µF VIN E1 LT1072CN8 E2 GND VSW D1 1N4148 FB VC 1k 1µF AN30 F26 1.1µF 500µF 2 6 D1 MR850 LT3524 RT CT E2 CL+ L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING #PE-92107 Figure 25. INC #PE-52627 Figure 26.15Ω AN30 F25 510Ω C1 E1 C2 12 + 10µF 0.5V 1N755 D3 MBR360 (MOTOROLA) + 1000µF 26.

1µF R2 1. C1 MAY BE REDUCED FOR LOWER OUTPUT CURRENTS. Positive to Negative Buck-Boost Converter (10V-30V to –12V) an30fa AN30-19 .Application Note 30 + 3k 1/2W 100µF 220Ω 1N5936 30V –48V 68V** Q1 2N5550 1k 100µH PULSE ENGINEERING #51516 * 5V OUTPUT 4A 1100µF† 3. INCREASE C2 TO 0.01k 1% Figure 27.5KE68A (MOTOROLA) † VPR1127R5E1E (MALLORY) TO –48V 3.5k.24k D2 1N914 R4 47Ω PROBLEMS FOR INPUT VOLTAGES BELOW 10V.3µF AND REDUCE R6 TO 100Ω.9k 1% FB Q2 2N5401 1. C1 ≈ (500µF)(IOUT) FOR 5V OUTPUTS.22µF *MUR810 (MOTOROLA) **1. Nonisolated Regulator (– 48V to 5V) D3† 1N4001 R5† 470Ω 1W C5* 100µF †TO AVOID START-UP VIN 10V TO 30V VIN C4 5µF VSW + LT1070 R1 10.2k 1% OPTIONAL LOW DRIFT FEEDBACK CONNECTION FROM 5V OUTPUT 3. CONNECT ANODE OF D3 TO VIN AND REMOVE R5. + C3 2µF D1 C1† 1000µF + R6 470Ω VOUT – 12V 2A AN30 F28 L1** 200µH *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥ 2" **PULSE ENGINEERING 92113 Figure 28.01k 1% Q2 2N5401 TO FB PIN + 2.2µF VIN LT1070HV G VC 2k VSW + Q3 2N5401 1k 1% AN30 F27 – 48V 0V TO 60V INPUT 0. REDUCE R3 TO 1.7k GND VC FB R3 5k C1 0.

5k C2 0.24k 0 IPRI SNUBBER DIODE CURRENT AN30 F29 CLAMP TURN-ON SPIKE a C4 200µF VOUT 5V 6A VIN 0V VOUT + VF c 0V d ∆I IPRI R1 3. ±12V) an30fa AN30-20 + R5 180k 12VIN + C2 47µF – R2* 453k R6 200Ω .2k* 470µF 11k* MUR120 LT1086 4 2k 2W 2• 0.2k* 11k* + 10µF –12V 11 MBR360 • 5 + C1 2700µF R3 1M R1* 1M VOUT 5V 1A R7 10k 6 LT1071 10pF R4 10k LT1004 1. Flyback Converter (20V-30V to 5V) MUR120 12VIN L1 LT1086 12V 1.2V AN30 F30 1N4148 *1% FILM RESISTOR L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.47µF D2 VSW N = 1/3 C4* 100µF LT1070 FB GND VC R3 1.Application Note 30 VSNUB L2 10µH OPTIONAL FILTER D1 VIN 20V TO 30V R4 C3 0. INC #PE-65108 1N4148 Figure 30.15µF *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥ 2" R2 1.005µF 12VIN FB GND VC NC A1 1/2 LT1017 • 22µF 7 8 9 + + 10µF • 10 + 470µF 1.2µF 3 1• VIN MUR120 VSW 74C04(5) C3 0.74k 0 IPRI N 0 IPRI b V + VF PRIMARY FLYBACK VOLTAGE = OUT N LT1070/LT1071 SWITCH VOLTAGE AREA “a” = AREA “b” TO MAINTAIN ZERO DC VOLTS ACROSS PRIMARY (N)(VIN) SECONDARY VOLTAGE AREA “c” = AREA “d” TO MAINTAIN ZERO DC VOLTS ACROSS SECONDARY • 1 N + • C1 2000µF VIN + PRIMARY CURRENT SECONDARY CURRENT LT1070 SWITCH CURRENT (I )(L ) t = PRI L VSNUB Figure 29. Transformer Coupled Low Quiescent Current Converter (12V to 5V.

Totally Isolated Converter (5V to ±15V) OPTIONAL MBR360 VIN 3 n=1 4 VSW FB L1 5VOUT 1A 2 VIN = 3.68µF 510Ω 1W 3 n=1 MBR360 4 (MOTOROLA) VSW 1k* 1% L1 Q3 2N3906 Q2 2N3906 1k* 1% • + 1000µF 3.32k* 1% AN30 F32 –5VOUT 1A D1 MBR360 Figure 32.01k* VIN •1 100µF + LT1070 FB GND 1k* 1k 1µF *1% FILM RESISTORS L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.47µF L1 10µF 15V • + N C1 500µF C4 500µF + COM L2 10µF C5 200µF C6 200µF N VIN + + +V + IN VSW N = 0.5k C3 0.875 = 7:8 FOR VOUT = 15V • –15V 5V C5* 100µF LT1070/LT1071 FB GND VC ≈16V SWITCH VOLTAGE 500Ω VIN 0V R2 tOFF tON VOUT 0V VF (DIODE FORWARD VOLTAGE) SECONDARY VOLTAGE AN30 F31 C2 5k 0.01µF *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥ 2" (N)(VIN) Figure 31.Application Note 30 OPTIONAL OUTPUT FILTER D1 1:N R4 1.5V-35V to – 5V) an30fa AN30-21 .5V TO 35V 5V 0. Input Positive Output Negative Flyback Converter (3. INC #PE-65050 1k* VC • L1 2 n=1 1 Q1 2N2222 + 1000µF 3.

24k N ≈ 0.1µF 1 + 100µF LT1070 FB GND VC 1k 1µF *1% FILM RESISTORS **MOTOROLA L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. Positive Current Boosted Buck Converter (28V to 5V) AN30-22 – + R5 5k R4 1. INC #PE-65066 AN30 F33 1k 1. High Efficiency Flux Sensed Isolated Converter (12V to 5V) VIN 28V 470Ω 2W D2 VSW C3 0.Application Note 30 MBR1060** L1 4 1000µF + 5VOUT 100mA TO 1A •5 12VIN 680Ω 0.002µF • • VIN 1:N LT1070 R2 1k GND VC FB VIN 7 2 R3 680Ω C5* 100µF C1 0.47µF 2k 8 MBR1060** • 3 + •6 22µF 3.40k* MBR360 VIN VSW 0.07k* Figure 33.33µF V+ R7 1.47µF R6 470Ω C6 0.24k VOUT 5V 10A C2 5000µF AN30 F34 R1 5k + an30fa .25 D1 + 6 V – LM308 COMP 3 4 8 200pF *REQUIRED IF INPUT LEADS ≥ 2" Figure 34.

6V 1mA C1 MINIMUM LOAD = 10mA – VOUT 5V 10A • VIN VSW + • LT1070 GND VC FB R3 C2 R2 1.Application Note 30 + R1 R5 C3 T1 1:N D1 Q1 2N3906 R4 12k R1 = VOUT – 0.6V 200µA – VIN Figure 36. Negative Current Boosted Buck Converter C3 R6 • • Q1 2N3906 R1* R3 1k R2 5k VIN VSW T1 1:N + C1 + LT1070/LT1071 – VOUT GND VC FB R5 C2 *R1 = R4 1.24k AN30 F35 – VIN Figure 35. Negative Input-Negative Output Flyback Converter an30fa AN30-23 .24k AN30 F36 VOUT – 1.

Application Note 30 C4 0. Positive Input-Negative Output Flyback Converter 4µH PULSE ENGINEERING #52901 OPTIONAL –48V RETURN 0.47µF 250V 2k 5W MUR860 PULSE ENGINEERING MBR735 #PE-64795 10k 2 •6 10 1• + 47µF 47k 3k D Q5 IRF830 S Q1 G 50Ω 1N3026A 18V 50Ω MUR120 MUR120 5 4• + 100µF 68V† Q2 47k NC 47k 47k Q3 VZ = 7V 22k 220k Q4 VSW LT1071 VC GND VIN FB NC 10k 100Ω + 0.2V 1µF – 4 2M 0.47µF R7 470Ω 2W • 1/2 T1 L1 VIN D2 MUR110 VSW + VIN LT1070 R5 1k GND VC FB VIN C3 0.47µF AN30 F38 –48VIN –40V TO –60V INPUT 4N28 Figure 38.1µF .24k 1/2 T1 D1 Figure 37.47µF 10µF 820Ω *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR **QLA202U7R5J1L (MALLORY) †1.5KE68A (MOTOROLA) “M” PREFIXED DIODES = MOTOROLA PNP = 2N3906 NPN = 2N3904 = 1N4148 36k 0.2k* 12.1k* 7 + A1 LT1006 2k 10k 20Ω LT1004 1. Fully Isolated Regulator (– 48V to 5V) an30fa AN30-24 + • C2 1µF LT1006 – R1 1k • VOUT R4 = R1 R6 1k + C1 –VOUT AN30 F37 + 50µF SPRAGUE TE1307 5V OUTPUT 5A 2000µF** 100Ω 1/2W + 22µF 39.01µF R2 1.24k L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING INC #PE-65050 R3 1.

002µF 470k FB LT1070 VC Q1 2N3906 390k OPTIONAL TO REF OUT 470k TO –16V UNREG TO –15V 10k *1% FILM RESISTOR L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. INC #PE-61592 = ±15 COMMON 1.5VIN 4.5M 47k Figure 39. Isolated Converter (5V to ±15V) Application Note 30 + – = +5 GROUND + + 10µF 8 – GND + –15VOUT 100mA TO 16V PREREG 1.2M* 216k* –IN 2.5V 16V PREREG 1N4148 L1 9 1.5V REF OUT 500k* COMP PNP 11 0.5V TO 5.5k 3.6M AN30 F39 an30fa AN30-25 . Low IQ.2M C1B 1/2 LT1017 5.001µF OUT 15VOUT 100mA 9 3 VIN 2 1.5M* 5 47µF 3 +IN 7 82k 500k* 100k 10µF 10k 0.2k 2W 47µF 8 1 0.001µF 3M* 4 6 1N4148 VSW 7 20M 2.47µF + C1A 1/2 LT1017 + FB COMP NPN MUR120 VIN NC GND 5V 4N46 Q2 VN2222 10k –16V PREREG 0.

2V C2A TO 390k OF C2B Figure 40.5V 390k C2A 1/2 LT1017 HP-5082-2810 OPTIONAL FOR NEGATIVE OUTPUT 1N4148 + HP5082-2810 4 5 1 620k 1.001µF 10M C1B 47k C2B 6 10k VIN LT1004 1.001µF HP5082-2810 5VOUT + NC 47µF 22pF 10M 3.9M L1 4 5 3 4.1V TO 2V NC 3.5V 22pF 3 5.2µF 0.5V to 5V) AN30-26 – 1M* VIN 150k + – + + – C2B 1/2 LT1017 6 1 150pF C1A 1/2 LT1017 1.1M 47µF 2.9M 1.Application Note 30 VIN 1. 800µA Output Converter (1.2V AN30 F40 an30fa .5M 240k + C1B 1/2 LT1017 – + + – 360k 10M LT1004 1.5V 470k 2M 619k* 1M* *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR L1 = TRIAD #SP-29 PNP = 2N3906 NPN = 2N3904 10M 1.3M* 2 0.

74k D1 N L1 70µH I M VOUT 5V 6A C1 2000µF • • + D2 VIN • VIN 20V TO 30V LT1070 GND VC FB Q1 R3 C3 R6 C4 330Ω R5 1Ω R2 1. 1% (IDEAL VALUE—PAD AS REQUIRED FOR 1000VOUT) AN30 F42 GND VC 2µF *MAX-750-22 VICTOREEN.24k AN30 F41 Figure 41. Forward Converter (20V-30V to 5V) 22µF 15V SEMTECH FM-50 L1 3 7 0.1µF 2000V + 0.47µF 1k 1/2W 1 MUR120 15V VIN VSW 10M* 1% 8 VOUT 1000V 5W LT1072 FB 12. INC #PE-6197 Figure 42. Nonisolated Converter (15V to 1000V) an30fa AN30-27 .Application Note 30 T1 R4 C2 D3 VSW D4 R1 3. INC L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.4k.

Converter with 20.6k VC GND 4N46 8 7 200k* 200k 5k OUTPUT ADJUST LT1004 1.1µF 2. CA 0. INC #PE-6197 = SEMTECH-FM-50 = INPUT GROUND = OUTPUT COMMON Figure 43.2V 10k* AN30 F43 1000VOUT 5W 10M** 1% MUR120 1 8 VIN VSW + A1 LT1006 4 1M – 10k 0. Isolated Output Converter (15V to 1000V) 2k 15V 15V 2k LT1011 Q1 2N3904 1N4148 *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR PIEZOCERAMIC TRANSFORMERS AVAILABLE FROM CHANNEL INDUSTRIES.001µF 1.1µF 2000V 0.Application Note 30 15VIN 1k 0. INC SANTA BARBARA.68µF 1k 2µF *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR **VICTOREEN MAX-750-22 L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.5M* + 10µF + 100µF GND 9 FLOATING OUTPUT COMMON Figure 44.47µF 3 L1 7 0.000V Isolation (15V to 10V) an30fa .2M D Q1 VN2222 S 180k NC FB LT1072 3.002µF 100Ω 470pF PRIMARY 1k 15V 680Ω AN30-28 + 1N4148 SECONDARY – PIEZOCERAMIC TRANSFORMER 3 VIN LT1020 FB 11 500k* VOUT 2 10V FLOATING OUTPUT 0.

2V + AN30 F45 Application Note 30 an30fa AN30-29 .01µF 22µF + 3000µF** 100Ω 1/2W 7 3 •A 3.22µF 250V 4k 10W B 2A SLOW BLOW WINDINGS FOR OPTIONAL ±12V DC OUTPUTS •5 6 MUR120 *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR **QLA302V010J2L (MALLORY) Q5 = MTH7N50 Q1 VIN 22k FB 100Ω VC GND LT1071 VSW 47k 1/2W = 2N3904 = 2N3906 Q2 1.47µF Figure 45.3Ω 50pF 4N28 820Ω 0.2k* 2k 10k 20Ω 1µF – 36k 4. 100W Off Line Switching Regulator DANGER! Lethal Potentials Present + 0.3M LT1004 1.24k* NC 47k Q3 47k 1/2W 47k 10µF Q4 220k 100Ω 2k 15k RT = D504CS (MIDWEST COMPONENTS) = 1N4148 = V150LA20 (GE) + 22k Q6 0.4µH PULSE ENGINEERING #52901 OPTIONAL DANGER! LETHAL POTENTIALS PRESENT IN SCREENED AREA! DO NOT CONNECT GROUNDED TEST EQUIPMENT PULSE ENGINEERING #PE-64780 1N5831 RT + 1N4005 ×4 50µF SPRAGUE TE-1307 5V OUT 90V AC TO 140V AC INPUT 470µF 250V 47k 1W 220k* 1• 7 9 50Ω G Q5* 12 S 3k 1N3026A 18V MUR120 D MUR860 20µF 0.8k* + + + A1 LT1006 4 1.

4k 30k LT1004-2.4k 30k LT1004-2.5 + + MDA201 4700µF 7 8 + 20k* 30.5 OUT 124Ω* 12V 1.07k* 100µF D2 1N4002 + LT1011 2 – – 4 *1% FILM RESISTORS MDA = MOTOROLA L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.000µF IN LT1083 ADJ OUT 240Ω VOUT 470Ω 1N914 2k 28V 1k 1M 4N28 10k AN30 F46 + LT1011 – 1N914 10k 28V Figure 46.07k* 100µF D1 1N4002 + LT1011 2 – – 4 L1 285µH 3 130VAC TO 90VAC STANCOR P-8685 HEAT SINK 2N6667 Q2 DARLINGTON MBR360 10k 1k IN 1000µF LT1086 ADJ OUT 124Ω* + 510k 2.5A + + + MDA201 4700µF 7 8 + 20k* 30.5A AN30 F47 Figure 47. Dual Preregulated Supply (90V AC-130V AC to ±12V) an30fa AN30-30 . INC. High Power Linear Regulator with Switching Preregulator L1 285µH IN HEAT SINK 2N6667 Q1 DARLINGTON MBR360 10k 1k 1000µF LT1086 ADJ 510k 2. #PE-92106 3 –12V 1.1k* 1.Application Note 30 VIN 28V 10k 1mH + MR1122 10.1k* 1.

2V 4 L = DALE TE-3/Q3/TA SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT = 30mA ≈ 75% EFFICIENCY SWITCHING PREREGULATOR CONTROLS DROP ACROSS FET TO 200mV Figure 49.Application Note 30 2. Switching Preregulated Linear Regulator (9V to 5V) – + VD = 200mV + – AN30 F49 an30fa AN30-31 .5V 15k 2k 10k + 10k – *1% FILM RESISTOR 1MHY = DALE TD-5 TYPE AN30 F48 Figure 48.2k Q1 2N6667 28V INPUT 10k VZ 1MHY 1N4003 IN 4500µF LT350A ADJ OUT 240Ω* 15k OUTPUT + LT1004 1. Linear Regulator with Switching Preregulator 9V INPUT 10k 2N2905 L + 1N4148 47µF HP5082-2811 2N5434 390k 1% 2 5V 20mA 10k 9V 8 5 7 100µA 1 LT1013 3 120k 1% LT1013 6 47k 330k 9V LT1004 1.2V VZ 68pF 1M 28V 1k LT1018 LT1004 2.

9k 1k 1000pF LT1011 COMPARATOR 8 7 1 4 3k OUTPUT CONTROL LOGIC 150k 2 + – 3 5k 5k AN30 F50 *DALE TD-5 THIS CIRCUIT IS DESIGNED TO REDUCE POWER DISSIPATION IN THE LT1035 OVER A 90V AC TO 140V AC INPUT RANGE Figure 50.Application Note 30 27k 2N6667 8V DC 5 3V DC UNDER ALL CONDITIONS 1mH* 1k 1N4003 LT1035 1 VIN VOUT AUX EN GND 4 2 3 5V 3A OUTPUT 10µF VIN 10V DC TO 20V DC + 4500µF + 3. Micropower Post Regulated Switching Regulator (6V-10V to 5V) AN30-32 – + 74C04 220k 8 7 270pF HP5082-2810 AN30 F51 an30fa .001µF 10µF 825k* 200k PREREG TRIM 1M 909k* 200k OUTPUT TRIM 6 LT1020 COMP *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR GROUND UNUSED 74C04 INPUTS Figure 51. Low Dissipation Regulator (10V-20V to 5V) IRFD9120 +V 6V TO 10V 100mH DALE TE-5Q4-TA 5.2V 220µF 680pF 1M* 3 S D 1N5817 + VIN 2.5V LT1020 REF GND 4 9 VOUT FB 11 2 5VOUT + 1M* 0.

FOR A CLEAN OUTPUT FROM THE LINEAR REGULATOR SET TO VOUT + 1. High Current Low Dissipation Preregulated Linear Regulator 7.1µF 10k 3 *1% FILM RESISTOR T1 = SPRAGUE 11Z-2003 †SCRs = GE C-220B 1MHY = DALE TD-5 TYPE 7 1 C2 LT1011 4 –15V Figure 52.01µF 220k VOUT 2 VOUT 5V 100mA 22µF SWITCHING REGULATOR OUTPUT POST REGULATOR – 6 8 + 2M 7 MAINTAINS LOW IQ (< 100µA) FOR ALL INPUT VOLTAGES SWITCHER EFFICIENCY = 85% POST REGULATOR EFFICIENCY = 82% OVERALL EFFICIENCY = 70% SWITCHING REGULATOR OUTPUT = 2.2V Figure 53.5 × (1 + RA /RB).5V TO 30V VIN 100µF 3.5V-30V to 5V) an30fa – + + + – 4 –15V 15k 8 C1 LT1011 15V 1N4148 15V 8 3 15V 15k 2 10k 8 1 2N3904 15V 100pF + 16k* A1 LM301A 1µF –15V – 11k* AN30 F52 + RA 1.3M 30k 2N3906 2N3904 TO VREF (PIN4) 1.2V LT1004 2.7k –15V 16k* LT1004 1.8M 1M 2N2222 2N3904 1k 100k LT1020 COMPARATOR 2M 10k 4mH 3 VIN LT1020 VREF 30k 4 FB 11 0.5A FOR 100µF LT1083) • • 4 T1 2 2.001µF AN30 F53 + 30k 100µF AN30-33 .5V 750Ω* VZ 20k + 0V TO 35V 0A TO 10A (7.Application Note 30 VZ † 1MHY STANCOR P-8675 20Ω 110AC 20Ω 1 † + 1N4003 3 LT1038 OR LT1083 10000µF LT1004 1. Switching Preregulator for Wide Input Voltage Range (7.2V 1N4003 1N4003 11k* 1µF 82k 15V 1k 2 15V 15V 200k 7 1 0.5M 220k RB 1M 0.

5V TO 15V + 100µF – QX* 100µF + – VIN 2µF + 100µF + 10µF FB/SHDN V + CAP + OSC LT1054 GND VREF CAP – VOUT VOUT + VIN VIN = –3.Application Note 30 VIN 2µF FB/SHDN V + + VIN 2µF + 10µF + 100µF OSC CAP LT1054 VREF GND CAP – VOUT + OSC CAP + LT1054 VREF GND CAP – VOUT –VOUT 100µF AN30 F54 Figure 54. Basic Voltage Inverter/Regulator FB/SHDN V + CAP + OSC LT1054 GND VREF CAP – + VOUT 1N4001 VOUT 50mA RX AN30 F56 VIN 1N4001 3. Basic Voltage Inverter Figure 55.5V TO –15V VOUT = 2VIN + (LT1054 VOLTAGE LOSS) + (QX SATURATION VOLTAGE) VIN = 3. Negative Voltage Doubler Figure 57.002µF FB/SHDN V + + + + 2µF + AN30 F57 an30fa . Switched Capacitor – VIN to +VOUT Converter AN30-34 + |VOUT| |VOUT| R2 = +1 = +1 1. Positive Doubler 1N4001 +VOUT 1N4001 + 100µF + 10µF FB/SHDN V + OSC CAP + LT1054 VREF GND CAP – VOUT AN30 F58 –VIN 2µF Figure 58.21V VREF R1 – 40mV 2 ) )) ) VOUT 100µF AN30 F55 + R1 R2 0.5V TO 15V VOUT ≈ 2VIN – (VL + 2VDIODE) VL = LT1054 VOLTAGE LOSS Figure 56.

5 TO 15V + 2. Dual Output Voltage Doubler VIN = 5V + 5µF FB/SHDN V + VOUT ≈ 12V IOUT = 25mA 1N914 1N914 + 100µF + 10µF FB/SHDN V + OSC CAP + LT1054 #2 VREF GND CAP – VOUT TO PIN 4 LT1054 #1 20k VOUT ≈ –12V IOUT = 25mA + 10µF OSC CAP + LT1054 #1 VREF GND CAP – VOUT 100µF 1k 2N2219 + 10µF 5µF 100µF AN30 F61 Figure 61. 100mA Regulating Negative Doubler VIN 3.2µF FB/SHDN V + FB/SHDN V + VOUT SET R1 40k 0.5V TO 15V +VOUT ≈ 2VIN – (VL + 2VDIODE) –VOUT ≈ –2VIN + (VL + 2VDIODE) VL = LT1054 VOLTAGE LOSS = 1N4001 + 100µF –VOUT AN30 F60 Figure 60.5V TO 15V + +VOUT + 100µF FB/SHDN V + OSC CAP + LT1054 VREF GND CAP – VOUT – + 10µF 100µF + 10µF VIN = 3.5 TO 15V VOUT MAX ≈ –2VIN + [1054 VOLTAGE LOSS + 2(VDIODE)] –VOUT IOUT ≅ 100mA MAX |VOUT| |VOUT| R2 = +1 = +1 1.002µF HP5082-2810 20k PIN 2 LT1054 #1 + 10µF 10µF 1N4002 + CAP + OSC LT1054 #1 VREF GND CAP – VOUT 10µF + 10µF 10µF 1N4002 + CAP + OSC LT1054 #2 VREF GND CAP – VOUT 1N4002 100µF VIN = 3.Application Note 30 VIN 3. Switched Capacitor Converter (5V to ±12V) an30fa + AN30 F59 1N4002 R2 500k 1N4002 10µF + – + + + + + + AN30-35 .21V R1 VREF – 40mV 2 ) )) ) + 10µF Figure 59.

5V VOUT = 5V IOUT(MAX) = 50mA 1N5817 1N914 AN30 F63 Figure 63.Application Note 30 10µF 10µF C1 10µF FB/SHDN V + 5V + OSC CAP + LT1054 VREF GND CAP – VOUT 10µF 100µF –VOUT +VOUT + 100µF 10µF 10µF 10µF Figure 62.002µF + + OSC LT1054 GND VREF CAP + – + + = 1N4148 + + + + + + + AN30 F62 10µF 1 2 LTC1044 3 4 8 7 6 5 1µF .002µF FB/SHDN V + HP5082-2810 10Ω 1/2W + 10µF 10Ω 1/2W CAP + OSC LT1054 #2 GND VREF CAP – VOUT 20k + Figure 64. Switched Capacitor Charge Pump-Based Voltage Multiplier (5V to ±12V) VIN 3. Regulator (3.5V TO 5. Regulating 200mA Converter (12V to – 5V) an30fa AN30-36 + |VOUT| |VOUT| R2 = +1 = +1 1.2k 10µF R2 200k 200µF 0.5V 20k 1N914 1N914 FB/SHDN 1N914 V+ R1 20k + + 5µF R2 125k 1µF + 10µF R2 125k 2N2219 100µF 3k VOUT = 5V VIN = 3.5V to 5V) 5µF 12V FB/SHDN V + CAP + OSC LT1054 #1 GND VREF CAP – VOUT R1 39.21V R1 VREF – 40mV 2 ) )) ) AN30 F64 VOUT = –5V IOUT = 0mA to 200mA + CAP – VOUT 0.5V TO 5.

03µF 5. Negative Voltage Converter VIN 1. Digitally Programmable Negative Supply Figure 66. Voltage Doubler + |VOUT| |VOUT| R2 = +1 = +1 1. Negative Doubler with Regulator Figure 68.5k – LT1006 LTC1044 GND CAP – FB/SHDN V + 10k AN30 F66 + AN30 F68 an30fa AN30-37 .5V TO 15V FB/SHDN V + + 2µF + 10µF OSC CAP + LT1054 VREF GND CAP – VOUT 1N4001 R1. Positive Doubler with Regulation (5V to 8V) VIN 3.1µF Figure 65. 20k 100µF 1N4001 –VOUT 100µF R2 1M 0.5 2.5V TO 15V VOUT(MAX) ≈ –2VIN + (VL + 2VDIODE) VL = LT1054 VOLTAGE LOSS + + + 10µF AN30 F67 + + 10µF OSC CAP + LT1054 GND VREF 13 12 2.21V R1 VREF – 40mV 2 ) )) ) + VIN = 3.Application Note 30 VIN = 5V 15V 50k 1N5817 11 + FB/SHDN V + CAP + OSC LT1054 GND VREF CAP – 10k VOUT 2µF + 5µF 20k 16 LT1004-2.5V 20k 14 VOUT 8V 50mA DIGITAL INPUT + + 1N5817 0.002µF BOOST CAP + V+ OSC LV VOUT 10µF TMIN ≤ TA ≤ TMAX REQUIRED FOR V + < 3V VOUT = –V+ V+ 1.5V TO 9V 1N914 IOUT R1 200Ω BOOST CAP + V+ OSC LV VOUT 1M REQUIRED FOR V + < 3V AN30 F69 + C2 10µF 2VIN 3V TO 18V + C1 10µF LTC1044 GND CAP – Figure 69.5k 10µF 10k 5V AD558 100µF AN30 F65 CAP – VOUT 100µF VOUT = –VIN (PROGRAMMED) 0.5V TO 9V 10µF Figure 67.

Battery Splitter (9V to ±4.Application Note 30 IS BOOST V + IS VOUT 6V BOOST 1.4V to 4.2V CELL ×2 CAP + V+ OSC LV VOUT C2 10µF 4.5V BOOST CAP + V+ OSC + C1 10µF LTC1044 GND CAP – –VB/2 –4.5V + C1 10µF LTC1044 GND CAP – LV VOUT + C1 10µF OUTPUT COMMON AN30 F72 * *THE EXCLUSIVE NOR GATE SYNCHRONIZES BOTH LTC1044s TO MINIMIZE RIPPLE 1/4 CD4077 Figure 72. Voltage Doubler Figure 71.5V) Figure 73. Paralleling for Lower Output Resistance V+ FOR VOUT = –3V + FOR VOUT = –2V + BOOST V+ 10µF BOOST V+ + 10µF CAP + OSC LTC1044 1 GND LV CAP – VOUT –V + CAP + OSC LTC1044 2 GND LV CAP – VOUT VOUT 10µF 10µF AN30 F74 Figure 74. Stacking for Higher Voltage AN30-38 + + + + + 3V ≤ VB ≤ 18V + AN30 F71 + V+ BOOST CAP + GND CAP – V+ OSC LV VOUT LTC1044 VOUT = –V+ C2 20µF AN30 F73 an30fa .8V) BOOST VB 9V CAP + V+ OSC LV VOUT C2 10µF REQUIRED FOR VB < 6V +VB/2 4. Generating CMOS Logic Supply from 2 Mercury Batteries (2.8V VOUT + 3V CAP + OSC LV VOUT C2 10µF CMOS LOGIC NETWORK + C1 10µF LTC1044 GND CAP – + C1 10µF LTC1044 GND CAP – CMOS LOGIC NETWORK AN30 F70 SUPPLY CURRENT IS ≈ 3µA Figure 70.

1µF + 10µF Figure 77. Regulated Negative Voltage Converter Figure 78. Voltage Tripler/Quadrupler 3V 1N914 100Ω BOOST CAP + V+ OSC LV 1M VOUT LM10 8 1k EVEREADY EXP-30 3V 7 5V OUTPUT LTC1044 + GND C1 10µF CAP – + 2N3906 2N3904 1 REF AMP 1k 6 OP AMP 3 330k 4 1N914 150k AN30 F76 Figure 76.8M 200mV 2 100k VOUT ADJUST + 1 2 C1– C2+ LT1026 C2– –VOUT +VOUT C1+ VIN GND 8 7 6 5 VIN + +VOUT 1µF + 3 4 1µF AN30 F78 AN30-39 . Dual Output Switched Capacitor Voltage Generator an30fa + + 8 V+ OSC LV VOUT 10µF C2 1µF –VOUT – – + + + + OSC CAP LTC1044 2 LV GND CAP – VOUT + 10µF 1M* C2 100µF 4.2k 50k VOUT ADJ C1 1µF 9V 3 39k + – 4 50k 7 LM10 6 1 2 + 100µF OUTPUT LTC1044 200k 39k BOOST CAP + GND CAP – AN30 F77 0. Regulated Voltage Up Converter (3V to 5V) 200k 8.Application Note 30 1N914 V + = 5V 1N914 BOOST + 10µF V+ VOUT 200Ω BOOST + V+ 10V 2V + 200Ω + 10µF OSC CAP LTC1044 1 LV GND CAP – VOUT + 10µF 1M* FOR VOUT = 3V (15V) FOR VOUT = 4V (20V) AN30 F75 *REQUIRED FOR V + < 3V Figure 75.

2V REFERENCE VOUT 5V 1A . High Power Switched Capacitor Converter (12V to 5V) an30fa AN30-40 – + + 8 7 6 5 0.001µF 7VOUT 20mA + 1µF 6VIN 5 10k + 100µF REF OUT 4 + 10µF AN30 F79 + VN2222 ≈ –11V NO LOAD 100k *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR –7VOUT 20mA Figure 79.002µF 0.001µF 1M* 8 9 GND –IN COMP PNP +IN 7 360k* 3 VIN LT1020 OUT 2 500k* COMP NPN 6 100k FB 11 270k* 0. Q3 = IRF9531 P-CHANNEL Q4 = IRF533 N-CHANNEL 12V AN30 F80 17 16 180pF 4 Figure 80. Switched Capacitor-Based Converter (6V to ±7V) 12VIN 12VIN 22k 2k 8 LT1004 1.Application Note 30 ≈11V NO LOAD 1µF 1 + 1µF 2 3 4 LT1026 1µF 6 LTC1043 7 8 1k 11 D 470µF 12 12VIN S Q1 S Q3 D 1k 1 C1 LT1011 4 100pF + 470µF 38k 12k 13 14 12V 12V 6 5 1k 2 S D Q4 S Q2 D 1k 3 18 12VIN 15 ALL DIODES ARE 1N4148 Q1. Q2.

0033µF 6 9 1M AN30 F83 VOUT 20µF – + 3 5 22k 2N3904 10µF 51k Figure 83.0033µF 1M 51k VIN 470µF –VOUT –13. Charge-Pump Negative Voltage Generator 1M 51k VIN 1N5819 OR EQUIVALENT + 8 0.7V AT NO LOAD 12V AT 10mA 8 0. High Current Switched Capacitor Converter (6V to ±5V) an30fa + 100µF VN2222 100k *1% METAL FILM RESISTOR + 7 VOUT (NL) ≅ 2VIN – 1V VOUT (5mA) ≅ 2VIN – 3V IQ ≅ 300µA + 10µF + 10µF AN30 F84 –5VOUT 75mA AN30-41 + + + 470µF 1N4148 + 470µF VOUT 13.002µF 0. Charge Pump Voltage Doubler VIN ≥ 6V 9 1 8 7 5 10µF 3 4 LT1054 6 10k 5 0. Voltage Multiplier (±5V to ±15V) Figure 82.7V AT NO LOAD –12V AT 10mA – + 3 5 6 9 1M 22k 2N3904 VOUT (NL) ≅ – (VIN – 1V) VOUT (5mA) ≅ – (VIN – 3V) IQ ≅ 300µA 7 + 10µF –VOUT 1N5819 OR EQUIVALENT 20µF AN30 F82 51k .Application Note 30 5V 14 LT1032 2 3 1N4148 5 6 fCLK = 1kHz 5V 0V 9 8 470µF 1N4148 + 12 11 1N4148 1 –5V AN30 F81 Figure 81.001µF 5VOUT 100mA + 2 Figure 84.001µF 1M* COMP PNP +IN 7 499k* 8 GND –IN 3 VIN LT1020 REF OUT 4 100k COMP NPN 6 FB 11 500k* OUT 2 500k* 0.

2µF 2k 2W 4 2• L1 LT1086-12 12V •7 8 9 + 470µF + 10µF MUR120 LT1086-12 MUR120 VIN 3 1• VSW MUR120 LT1071 FB GND 1µF VC 6 1k *1% FILM RESISTOR L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. INC #PE-65108 Figure 86.005µF 1N4148 1N4148 *1% FILM RESISTOR L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.01k* •5 + 2700µF + Figure 85. CA 92112 (619) 268-2400 1k* AN30 F85 • 10 11 + 470µF + 10µF –12V VOUT 5V 1A 3. Multioutput Flyback Converter (12V to 5V.2µF 2k 2W LT1086-12 4 • 10 • 11 OPTIONAL FOR LOWEST IQ CURRENT MBR360 + 470µF + 10µF –12V VOUT 5V R7 1A 10k 2 MUR120 VIN 3 1• •5 6 10pF + C1 2700µF R3 1M R1 1M* VSW LT1071 FB GND VC NC 74C04 (5/6) 74C04 (1/6) 12VIN C3 0.Application Note 30 MUR120 12VIN 22µF + 0. ±12V) MUR120 L1 OFF LT1086-12 12V ON •7 8 9 MUR120 + 470µF + 10µF 12VIN 22µF + 0.2V AN30 F86 + C2 47µF R6 200Ω A1 1/2 LT1017 – R2* 453k . INC #PE-65108 PULSE ENGINEERING. INC PO BOX 12235 SAN DIEGO. Multioutput Transformer Coupled Low Quiescent Current Converter (12V to 5V. ±12V) an30fa AN30-42 + R4 10k R5 180k 12VIN LT1004 1.

24k 0.1% VOUT = 12.75V* 11.75V or 12V) 10µF GND VP-P LOCK 270k 120k Q1 2N3904 VP-P COMMAND 74C04 OR EQUIVALENT 10k LT1004 1. INC #PE-52645 5V L1 150µH VIN VSW LT1072 FB VC MUR120 + 0. INC #PE-52645 Figure 88.1% VOUT = 12.68µF 16k 200µF 1.Application Note 30 10µF 5V L1 150µH 1N5919A* 5. 0. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representation that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights. 0. + + VIN LT1072 MUR120 VSW + 100µF VP-P OUTPUT 200mA MAX C1 1µF FB VC + R3 1k C2 1µF AN30 F87 *ZENER DIODE OPTIONAL **IRC #CM55-T13 L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING.7k.1% GND VP-P COMMAND 270k 120k Q1 2N3904 Figure 87.1% R2** 1.5k.75V or 12V) Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.1% VOUT = 12V* 10.24k* 0.2k 1k + 1µF ≈17V 1N914 + A1 LT1006 A2 LT1010 – 680pF VP-P OUTPUT 150mA MAX AN30 F87 1N914 1. However.5k.7k. Basic Flash EPROM VP-P Pulse Generator (5V to 12. 0.75V 11.6V R1** VOUT = 12V 10. no responsibility is assumed for its use.2V *IRC #CM55-T13 L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING. 0. High Repetition Rate VP-P Pulse Generator (5V to 12.1% an30fa AN30-43 .

Milpitas.1µF 1k 1k* VOUT 5V 10A 1µF AN30 F89 q www. CA 95035-7417 Linear Technology Corporation + 1N4148 100Ω 2N2222 2N2222 LT1004-2.INPUT 15V TO 35V 0. INC #PE-92117 Figure 89.4k* 50k 4.018Ω 1N4148 2N3906** LT317AH 200Ω 1k* 2µF 1.com *1% FILM RESISTORS **VBE MATCHING OF 20mV AT 240µA † INTERNATIONAL RECTIFIER L1 = PULSE ENGINEERING..1k 1pF AN30-44 + VIN E1 LT1072CN8 3.5 7.6k 0.linear.5k* 3.01k* E2 GND VFB VC 1µF + Application Note 30 (408) 432-1900 q FAX: (408) 434-0507 100µF 1630 McCarthy Blvd.3K 20Ω VN2222LL VSW MBR1535 (HEAT SINK) L1 55µH 3300µF 20k 20Ω IRFZ44† (HEAT SINK) 2N3906 390Ω 1µF 2N3906** 5. High Current Positive Buck with Bootstrapped NMOS Gate Drive (15V-35V to 5V) an30fa LT/TP 0403 REV A • PRINTED IN USA © LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 1989 .

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