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PCC btm

Water Pier Foun Len-

width- D/s off -s1 U/s off-s2 FOS OT

depth Length-Lp Lf

Lfpcc

FOS SL Pmax Pmin Raft bottom stress 1 Pier bottom stress 1

stress 2 stress 2

Analysis and Design of Bandhara Weir On Hard Rock, PCC with base raft (D/S slope)

INPUT

Depth of Water above raft Hw 3.5 m

Hw in earth quake case Hw 1.75 m

Free Board Fb 0.5 m

H hf Height of HFL above Raft Hhfl 10 m

Velocity of Water flow v 5 m/sec

Discharge q 80 cumec/m

Slope of bed level U/S (1:n) n 100

Foundation Length Lf 3.70 m

Foundation

Depth Depth

of PCC Df 0.3 m

Foundation

Pier (Approx width for one pier Bf 3.4 m

600mm in rock) Df pcc 4.7 m

Bottom Width of PCC Lf pcc 8.40 m

Angle of front pcc 45 deg

Spacing of pier 3.4 m

Straight length of pier Lp 2.20 m

Thickness of pier Tp 0.4 m

Density of Concrete γc 24 kN/cum

Needle offset X 0.3

Seismic Zone Z 0.24

Importance factor I 1

Sa/g Sa/g 2.5

Response Reduction Factor R 2.5

D/S offset s1 0.5 m

U/S offset s2 0.6 m

INPUT ABOUT BRIDGE Safe Bearing Capacity SBC 300 kN/sqm

Total length of bridge L = 70 m Silt factor f 500

Spacing of main piers Sm = 10 m Friction Factor 0.5

Spacing of Bandhara piers Sb = 3.4 m Depth of scour D 3.16 m

SUMMARY

FOS-Overturning FOS-Sliding Pmax Pmin %Liftoff

2.05 2.84 65.8 13.0

With Gates Full Water up to FTL

> 2 OK > 1.5 OK < SBC OK > 0 OK

PCC

Pier Foun

Water btm FOS Raft bottom

Length- Len- D/s off -s1 U/s off-s2 FOS SL Pmax Pmin

depth width- OT stress 1 stress 2

Lp Lf

Lfpcc

3.5 2.20 3.70 8.40 0.5 0.6 2.05 2.84 65.75 12.98 59.8 15.0

Hw FB permissible

3.5 0.5 0.61 N/mm2

Straight I CG

length in Thickness in CG: 1/8pir*r*r* A*rsquare

m m Total lenth Radius Area 4r/3pi dist of CG r for circle

Lp tp

2.20 0.4 2.6 0.2 1.0057 0.0849 1.1849 0.0006 0.1771

Rec i Total Zx r*r( zyy Capacity

mx my

0.3549 0.5320 0.40922 0.0130 0.06495 249.625 39.6194

A) Maximum bending moment at base due to static water force = 243 kNm

w*h*h*h*spacing/6

B)Trasevere bending moment due to moving current

Velicity 5 m/sec HFL 10 m

Trasveres velocity for 20degree variation v sin20 Sinn20 0.3

max velocit 7.1

vsquare 5.8

In Meter velsq

Pier bottom 5 2.92

Pier top 9 5.26

Bm at bottom

Due to recy trina 12.5

Due to recct 23.4

Total 36 KNM

Importance factor I 1

Zone factor Z 0.24

response Red factor R 2.5

sa/g 2.5

Ah 0.12

Dead Load of pier 96.5

BM 23.2 kNm

Bm at base is 0.424PeH

Pe 0.555khden*h*h

Pe 1.50

BM 0.95 kNm

moving

Static Capacity Capacity

Pier current EQ

water XX yy

variation

1` 243 36 24 249.6 39.6

Hence only temerature steel is adequate

Load cases

Overturning Moment 3480.0 kNm

Check for Sliding

Vertical Load 1124.4 kNm

Horizontal force 197.95 kNm

FOS = Vertical Load x m / Horizontal P 1124.4 x 0.50 =

/ 197.95

Check for Pressure

Effective Moment 3667.4 kNm

Effective vertical Load 1124.4 kNm

x 3667.4 / 1124.4 =

Eccentricity = Lf/2-x 0.94 <Lf/6 OK

Pmax=P/A(1+6e/Lf) 65.753 kN/sqm < SBC OK

Pmin=P/A(1-6e/Lf) 12.984 kN/sqm > 0 OK

stresses at the bottom of the raft slab due to DL and static water

effective moment = M(dl)-M(static water) = 697 kNm

x 1.48

e 0.37

Stress 2 15.0 kN/m2

2.054

> 2 OK

2.84

> 1.5 OK

3.26

effective moment = M(dl)-M(static water) = 407 kNm

x 1.07

e 0.23

stress 2 165 kN/m2

Weir with d/s slope

SBC 300 kn per sq m

Weir slope 1:01

Pier width 0.4 m

Non Ses Seis

Tension area 10% <20%

Overturning >2 >1.5

Sliding >1.5 >1.2

Weir

Sr depth PierstL-Lp Lf width-Lfpcc -s1 U/s off-s2 FOS FOS sl Pmax Pmin

1.00 3.50 2.20 3.70 8.20 0.50 0.60 2.00 2.80 67.76 11.75

1.00 3.00 2.20 3.70 8.20 0.50 0.60 2.41 9.76 54.28 26.55

1.00 2.50 1.80 2.80 7.30 0.30 0.30 2.39 483.91 45.81 32.18

1.00 2.00 1.80 2.80 7.30 0.30 0.30 2.97 495.37 32.75 47.09

2 3.5 2.2 3.7 8.2 0.5 0.6 1.695629 1.164966 -3.254205 197.4336 zone4dlonly

D/s oss -s1U/s off-s2 FOS FOS sl Pmax Pmin

1 3.5 2.2 3.7 8.4 0.5 0.6 2.053843 2.840087 65.75314 12.98449

2 3.5 2.2 3.7 8.4 0.5 0.6 1.728633 1.162978 1.689369 192.1953 zone4dlonly

1 2.5 1.8 2.8 7.5 0.3 0.3 2.466854 494.1203 45.00407 32.505

Design of Pier and raft

Pier

Concrete M 25

Steel Fe 500

σcbc = 8.00

σst = 240.00

m = 11.67

K = 0.28

j = 0.91

Q = 1.02

10x(Hw+Fb)^3/

Max Mt = 362.667 kNm

6x spacing

Area of Pie

Equivalen = 1.01 Sqm

t Length

= Ast/Tp 2.51 m

with thk

Tp

Bending st = M/Z 0.86 Mpa

< 1.8 Mpa OK

Shear Forc = 10 x(Hw+Fb)^2/2 80 kN

Shear Stre = V/(Leq x Tp) 0.080 Mpa

< 0.2 Mpa OK

Minimun steel

8 dia @ 150 c/c

Provide 8 dia horizontal bars @ 150c/c both the faces

Footing

Thickness 300 mm

Minimum steel 0.15% 450 sqmm

Required spacing of 10 φ

diameter bars 170 c/c

Provide same steel in both the direction top and bottom.

Concrete Grade M 25

Steel sigma st 200 MPa

jd 0.9

D 300 mm

d 245 mm

Pmax 60 kN/m2

Cantilever moment 7.5 kNm wl2/2 Ast rqd 360 mm2

provided steel

10 mm @ 250 mm C/C So Ast provided = 314 mm2

Span 3.25 m

P avg 37 kN/m2

Continuous slab moment 39 kNm wl2/10

Ast 893 mm2

provide 12 mm @ 127 mm

Annexure-I Dead/Self Load calculation

Annexure-II Uplift Load Calculation

Pmax=10x(Hw+Df+Dfpcc) = 85 kN/sqm

Pmin = 10 x (Df + Dfpcc) = 50 kN/sqm

Lever M@O

kN

Arm m kNm

Triangular (Pmax - Pmin) x

= 499.8 5.60 2798.9

uplift Lfpcc/2 x spacing

Rectangular

= PminxLfpccxspacing 1428.0 4.2 5997.6

Uplift

Total 1927.8 8796.5

Summary

P kN H kN M @ O kNm

With Water -1927.8 0 -8796.5

Annexure-III Passive soil Pressure calculation

kN

Passive γsubx(Df+Dfpcc)^

= 1030.3

soil pr. 2/2 x (1/ka)

Total 1030.3

Summary

P kN H kN

Static Water 0 1030.3

on

Lever M@O

Arm m kNm

1.67 1717.2

1717.2

M @ O kNm

1717.2

Annexure-IV Static Water Pressure calculation

U/S P1 = 10x(Hw+Df+Dfpcc)^2/

2xspacing

Total

Summary

P kN

Static Water 0

H (kN) LA (m)

245.5 1.3

START

Df,Lf,Hw,spacin

g

P1= 10 x (Hw + Df)

Msw

END

lation

Lever M@O

kN

Arm m kNm

1228.3 3480.0

H kN M @ O kNm

1228.3 3480.0

es at the bottom of the raft slab To check the stresses at the bottom of the Pier

310.9 208.3 1.2 243.0

Annexure-V Bouyancy Load calculation

Annexure-VI Moving Water Pressure calculation

Normal Current

Mean Velocity 5 m/sec

Max Velocity at HFL

√2xVmean 7.07 m/sec

Vmax =

Max Velocity at top of Vmax/(Hhfl+Df+Df pcc) x (Df

= 4.01 m/sec

pier Vt ^2 pcc+Df+Hw+Fb)

= 2.36 m/sec

pier Vb^2 (Df+Df pcc)

Pressure at Top of pier

= 0.52 x Vt x Vt x 0.66 5.51 kN/sqm

Pt

Pressure at Bot of pier

= 0.52 x Vb x Vb x 0.66 1.91 kN/sqm

Pb

Pressure at Top of pier

= 0.52 x Vb x Vb x 1.5 4.33 kN/sqm

PCC

Pressure at Bot of pier

= 0.00 kN/sqm

PCC

Lever Arm Mt @ O

kN

m kNm

Pr. due to Pb = Pb x (Hw + Fb) x Tp 2.67 6.6 17.6

Pr. due to Pt-Pb = (Pt - Pb) x (Hw + Fb) x Tp

Pr. on Footing/PCC = Pt pcc/2 x Bf x (Df + Df pcc)

TOTAL 44.5 179.1

With Ɵ = 20 deg variation in water current

Current Direction Vc = √2 x Vmean x cos(20) 6.64 m/sec

Traffic direction Vt = √2 x Vmean x sin(20) 2.42 m/sec

Pr.current direction Pc = 0.52x0.66.VcxVc 15.15 kN/sqm

Pr.traffic direction Pt = 0.52x0.66.VtxVt 2.01 kN/sqm

Lever Arm Mt @ O

kN

m kNm

= Pcx(Hw+Fb)xTp 24.24 6.00 145.47

Curent dir. Force

= Pcx(Df+Dfpcc)xBf 257.60 3.33 858.65

= Ptx(Hw+Fb)xLp 17.66 6.6 116.59

Traffic dir. Force

= Ptx(Df+Dfpcc)x(Lf+Lfpcc)/2 60.72 2.5 151.80

Summary

Mt @ O

P kN Vc kN Vt kN Mc kNm

Moving Water 0 44.5 0 179.1 -

with Ɵ = 20 deg 0 281.84 78.39 1004.12 268.39

Annexure-VII Earthquake Force calculation

Hydrodynamic Force when earthquake parallel to current

0.726/2xAhxspacing

p = x(Df+Dfpcc+Hw) 1.00 kN

Vh = 0.726xpx(Hw+Df+

Dfpcc)xspacing 4.90 kN

0.299xpx(Hw+Df+

Moment =

Dfpcc)^2xspacing 13.62 kNm

Design seismic

Ah =

Horizontal Co-efficient 0.12

Ah = (Z/2)x (I/R) sa/g

Seismic

z 0.24

Zone =

Importance

I 1

factor =

sa/g 2.5

Response

reduction = R 2.5

factor

Inertia Force

Earthquake

= DL(pier) x Ah 11.59 kN

force on Pier

Moment = Feqx(Hw/2+Df+Dfpcc) 68.06 kNm

Earthquake

= DL(raft)xAh 10.87 kN

force on raft

Moment = FeqxDfpcc/2 27.17 kNm

Earthquake

= DL(pcc)xAh 255.23 kN

force on Pcc

0.5x(Dfpcc1xAhxDfpcc/2

Moment = +Wpcc2xAhxDfpcc/3) 522.14 kNm

Summary

P kN H kN M @ O kNm

With Water 0.0 282.59 631.0

DISCLAIMER

warranty is expressed or implied by me (Dr R K Ingle) on the accuracy

or the reliability of the program. The users must clearly understand

the program and must verify their own results.

Dr R K Ingle

Professor

Department of Applied Mechanics

V N I T Nagpur

440010

rkingle@rediffmail.com

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