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I AM A 21ST CENTURY LEARNER: PERCEPTIONS OF SENIOR


HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ON SOCIAL MEDIA-BASED
ACTIVITIES

A Research Study
Presented to the Faculty of
PANGASINAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Lingayen, Pangasinan

In Partial Fulfilment
of the Requirements for Practical Research I
under SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND
MATHEMATICS

NATHAN JAMES L. BUMADILLA


ROMILO L. CARINO, JR.
JOHN BENEDICT D. DOMALANTA
MARK BRIAN G. MACATBAG
GYM VERGEL M. RAMOS
GHER ANDREY E. TORRES
ALEXIS R. MANUEL
MICHAELA LANA FAYE C. VICTORIO
Researchers

March 2019

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CERTIFICATION OF THE EVALUATION COMMITTEE

The research study entitled “I AM A 21ST CENTURY LEARNER:


PERCEPTIONS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ON SOCIAL MEDIA-
BASED ACTIVITIES” prepared and submitted by Grade 11- STEM 1 Group 7
in partial fulfilment of the requirements for Practical Research I is hereby
recommended for Final Oral Defense.

MELODY G. BELISARIO GIGI C. DE GUZMAN


Member, Panel of Reactor Member, Panel of Reactor

MARILYN R. ROXAS
Chairman, Panel of Reactor
Research Teacher/Adviser

APPROVAL OF THE ORAL EVALUATION COMMITTEE


This research report has been orally examined by Committee on March
13, 2019 and is hereby approved.

MELODY G. BELISARIO MARILYN R. ROXAS


Member, Panel of Reactor Member, Panel of Reactor

GIGI C. DE GUZMAN
Chairman, Panel of Reactor
Research Teacher/Adviser

ACTION OF THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT

Accepted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for Practical Research I.

ALFREDO P. GALANO, JR. Ph.D. ELVIRA C. VIRAY, Ed.D.


Principal II Principal IV

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ABSTRACT

Name of Researchers : BUMADILLA, NATHAN G.

CARINO, ROMILO C.

DOMALANTA, JOHN BENEDICT D.

MACATBAG, MARK BRIAN C.

RAMOS, GYM VERGEL A.

TORRES, GHER ANDREY E.

MANUEL, ALEXIS R.

VICTORIO, MICHAELA LANA FAYE C.

Grade Level/Strand : Grade 11

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

(STEM)

Institution : Pangasinan National High School

Address of Institution : Alvear Street, Lingayen,

Pangasinan 2401

Name of the Adviser : GIGI C. DE GUZMAN, LPT

Title of the Study : I AM A 21ST CENTURY LEARNER: PERCEPTIONS

OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ON SOCIAL

MEDIA-BASED ACTIVITIES

Background of the Study

Nowadays, teachers usually integrate different activities to adapt in a

modern way of learning in which social media is the primary medium.

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Through this, they could allot more time for discussion during class hours.

This would help them rather than dividing an hour for both lectures and

activities.

Applying social media-based learning in school demands gadgets and

internet connection. Given the fact that Philippines is a third-world country,

poverty serves as a hindrance for the less fortunate students. Truth is, not

every Filipino student has any gadget to comply with the requirements needed

online.

Within the given information above, the researchers came up with the

study of examining the perceptions of randomly selected Senior High School

students taking up the Academic Strand in Pangasinan National High School.

Statement of the Problem

This study is conducted to investigate how senior high school students

perceive social media-based activities.

The researchers sought to answer the following questions:

1. What are the perceptions of Senior High Schools students regarding

social media based activities?

2. What are the problems encountered by the Senior High School

students in social media-based activities?

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Research Method Used

From the overall population of enrolled Senior High School students in

Pangasinan National High School for the School Year 2018-2019, randomly

selected sixteen (16) students were chosen to be the participants of this

research. The aim of this study is to evaluate the perceptions of the Senior

High School (SHS) students towards different social media-based activities.

This is also conducted to know the effectiveness of the activities for the

participants, only. A systematic random sampling for the population was used.

After designing and validating a semi-structured interview guide

questions for the participants, the researchers gathered data. Afterwards, open

coding was used for data processing and analysis.

Salient Findings

The findings of the study evaluated the experiences of the Senior High

School students in the premises of Pangasinan National High School. Themes

and subthemes emerged from the analysis implied the following:

1. Beyond the Horizon. According to most of the participants, social media

sites helped them in everything they need to do and even in learning.

These sites also have been their everyday companion for extending and

going beyond their comfort zones.

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2. Double-edged Sword. Three (3) of the participants said both the positive

and negative effects of social media, the variety of information found on

these sites and as distraction in learning, respectively.

3. Stage of Uncertainty. Participants also revealed the alarming issues

about fake news in the Philippines. They said that what they see online

are not credible enough.

4. Plan B. Some of the participants mentioned about the convenience of

social media for gathering needed data or information rather than going

to the libraries near them.

5. Connection Lost. All the participants in this study said that they have

an internet connection at home but not stable enough to comply to the

needed requirements online. Thus, this resulted to delays in their school

works.

6. Nothing Without You. One out of the sixteen (16) participants shared

his lack of gadgets which are needed to carry out social media-based

activities. While the remaining fifteen (15) said that they have gadgets

like laptops, cellular phones and personal computers.

7. Celebrity Mode Activated. In this part, the participants implied that a

user’s number of connections/friends/followers online affect their

performances in such social media-based activities.

8. Beware: Be Aware. Presence of online temptations which diverted

attention of the users was involved in the data gathered from the

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conducted interviews. These include online games, chatting with friends

and online advertisements.

9. Time’s Up. According to the participants, their time management was

also affected when doing social media-based activities because of some

factors like household chores and family matters.

10. Unfriended. Cyber bullying cases were also brought up by two of

the participants as another problem encountered by them. Truly, it is a

serious issue which needs solutions in order to lessen suicidal crime

numbers and to have healthy connections online.

Implications

The researchers finally arrived at these implications:

1. Internet and social media offers a variety of information which students

consider as helpful especially in their learning processes.

2. There are both positive and negative approaches social media

applications could give to their users.

3. Convenience of social media usage is often compared to libraries, which

came before social media. Libraries became obsolete for some of the

students.

4. Social media-based activities were identified by the students. These

include sharing of notes and information, connecting to their classmates

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and teachers, posting graphics, statuses or videos, and texts and gaining

likes for what they have shared.

5. Delays of school works include poor internet connection at home, lack of

time management due to simultaneous works and presence of online

temptations which divert a learner’s attention to such.

6. Students think of credibility of sources they see on social media

applications. They are at risk of fake news and not reliable sources when

doing their school works through social media.

7. Cyber bullying is rampant and many students do not report about it.

There are several bad effects of it including low self-esteem and shyness

in school.

Recommendations

In order to make betterment for this study, the researchers recommend

to:

All the users of social media applications to think before they click in

order to preserve healthy browsing on the internet and be more conscious in

the different sites in the virtual world where they participate in;

Inform the teachers and students, as well as the parents of the students,

about this study so that they will be aware of their parts on social media-based

activities. For the teachers, their part is to decide whether or not to integrate

these activities on learning of their students. Moreover for the students, they

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should use social media wisely by not overusing or misusing it on any

unnecessary things.

Proper management of time through identifying necessary things to do

and making an itinerary for them is advised in participating said activities

online and submitting the things needed for completion of requirements which

serves as one of the bases of grade which reflects their performance level while

at home.

All the users in the virtual world especially the students to surf on a

reliable resources to avoid fake news and information on what they see online.

The future researchers to involve relationship among the implications

mentioned above in their study.

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Acknowledgement

The researchers want to express their deepest gratitude who helped and guided

them to successfully accomplish this study:

First, to the Almighty God, who gave them enough strength and wisdom for

this project;

To their ever-supportive parents, for the financial and moral support;

To the participants of the study for giving their precious time wholeheartedly;

To the class monitors of the selected participants for giving the needed class

lists;

To Mrs. Melody G. Belisario and Mrs. Marilyn R. Roxas for providing

remarkable revisions and information for the research; and

To Miss Gigi C. De Guzman, for believing and motivating the researchers for

the betterment of the study;

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Dedication

To the One who made this possible,

To our parents, siblings, family and friends,

our Practical Research I Adviser, Ma’am Gigi C. De Guzman

our dear ICT Learners;

For those who think that they are not enough,

who think that they cannot accomplish anything,

This was made for all of you.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

TITLE PAGE i

APPROVAL SHEET ii

ABSTRACT iii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT x

DEDICATION xii

CHAPTER I BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Introduction 1

Statement of the Problem 6

Assumptions 6

Significance of the Study 7

Conceptual Framework 8

Scope and Delimitation 9

Definition of Terms 10

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Related Literature 12

Related Studies 20

Synthesis 32

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY

Research Design 34

Research Samples 35

Research Instrument 36

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Data Gathering Procedure 37

Data Processing Technique 39

Data Analysis 40

CHAPTER IV FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION

COMMON THEME NO. 1 43

(Beyond the Horizon)

COMMON THEME NO. 2 51

(Plan B)

COMMON THEME NO. 3 53

(Connection Lost)

COMMON THEME NO. 4 55

(Nothing Without You)

COMMON THEME NO. 5 57

(Celebrity Mode Activated)

COMMON THEME NO. 6 59

(Beware: Be Aware)

COMMON THEME NO. 7 63

(Time’s Up)

COMMON THEME NO. 8 64

(Unfriended)

CHAPTER V SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND

RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary 68

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Summary of Findings 69

Implications 71

Recommendations 72

REFERENCES 65

APPENDICES

A. LETTER OF REQUEST TO

CONDUCT THE STUDY 69

B. PARTICIPANT CONSENT FORM 70

C. VALIDATED INTERVIEW

GUIDE QUESTIONS 86

D. CURRICULUM VITAE 91

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