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# Stairwell Pressurization Calculation

Project Building
Hotel Commercial Unit No.
Name Type
Location Staiecase 2 Date
Dwg Ref. Rev. 0 Sheet
References: NFPA 92 A BS 5588 PART - 4 BSEN 12101-6:2005
ASHRAE 2011, HVAC APPLICATION , CAPTER - 53, SMOKE & FIRE MANAG
Design Parameter
Summer Outside Temperature, TO 46 o
C TO 319
Stairwell Temperature, TS 30 o
C TS 303
No of Floor N 14 Floor
Average Floor Height H 3.4 m
Distance between Stairwell
Bottom and Top Y
47.6 m Y=N*H
Staiwell Length LS 6.04 m
Stairwell Width WS 2.5 m
Stairwell Area per Floor AS 15.1 m2 AS = LS * WS
External Building Wall Length LB 31.6 m
External Building Width WB 32.2 m
External Building Wall Area / Floor AEW 459.36 m2 AEW = 2*(LB +WB) * H
Building Tightness Type 2 1 -Tight, 2 - Average, 3 - Loose
Door Leakage Area for Stairwell 0.033 m2 According to ASHRAE Application
Leakage Ratio for Exterior Wall, According to ASHRAE Application
0.00017 Table - 1
(Wall Tightness Average)
Leakage Ratio for Stairwell Wall, According to ASHRAE Application
0.00011 Table - 1
(Wall Tightness Average)
Pressure Analysis for Stairwell
The pressure difference between the stairwell and the building, ΔPsb = ΔPsbb +BY / 1+ (Asb / Abo)2
Leakage ratios for Stairwell Wall 0.001661 m2 Stairwell area * Leakage ratio for s
Leakage ratios for Exterior Wall 0.0780912 m2 Exterior wall area * Leakage ratio f
Flow area between stairwell and
building Asb 0.035 m2/floor Asb = Leakage area of stairwell + d
Flow Area between building and
outside Abo 0.078 m2/floor Abo = Area of external wall * leakag
B -0.573 B = 3460*(1/TO - 1/TS)
The pressure difference between Minimum pressure difference from
stairwell and the building, ΔPsb 50 Pa stairwell top, 50 Pa QCDD (Qater C
requirement
The pressure difference between
stairwell and the building at ΔPsbb 77 Pa
stairwell bottom
In case of all doors are closed
For stairwell with no leakage directly to the outside
QC= 0.559*N*Asb *(((ΔPsbt)3/2-
Flow rate of pressurization air, QC 3.24 m3/s
(ΔPsbb
QC 6859 CFM
In case of 3 doors are opened
No. of Door in all building DN 40 No.
No of open door DO 3 No.
Door Width DW 0.9 m
Door Height DH 2.2 m
Door Area DA 1.98 m2
EA Effective flow area = 1/2 the geom
Effective Area 0.99 m2 ASHRAE & CRESCI Flow Pattern
The Velocity reccommended will be
Air Velocity V 1 m/s Assumed air velocity to be 1 M/S
QO 2.97 m3/s
QO 6293 CFM
Total Air flow required for Pressuriztion
QT 6.21 m3/s
QT 13153 CFM QT = QC + QO
QT Total air required for pressurization
6.52 m3/s safety factor
QT 14468 CFM
Calculation Result
The required flow rate to Pressurized the Staircase in case of 3 doors oped
SPF-1 6.52 m3/s
14468 CFM
CFM Each Floor 1033 CFM/FLOOR
Area of Pressure Relief Vent APV 1.01 m2 APV = QT/0.83*(60)^0.5
urization Calculation
SPF-2

## 25/12/2017 Consuling Engineering Complex

1
BSEN 12101-6:2005
PPLICATION , CAPTER - 53, SMOKE & FIRE MANAGEMENT

K
K

## AEW = 2*(LB +WB) * H

1 -Tight, 2 - Average, 3 - Loose
According to ASHRAE Application 2011, Capter - 53
According to ASHRAE Application 2011, Capter - 53,
Table - 1
According to ASHRAE Application 2011, Capter - 53,
Table - 1

## ΔPsbb +BY / 1+ (Asb / Abo)2

Stairwell area * Leakage ratio for stairwell
Exterior wall area * Leakage ratio for exterior wall

## Abo = Area of external wall * leakage ratio of exterior wall

B = 3460*(1/TO - 1/TS)
Minimum pressure difference from stairwell to building at
stairwell top, 50 Pa QCDD (Qater Civil Defence)
requirement

## 0.559*N*Asb *(((ΔPsbt)3/2- (ΔPsbb)3/2 / ((ΔPsbt)-

(ΔPsbb)))
Effective flow area = 1/2 the geometric area as per
ASHRAE & CRESCI Flow Pattern
The Velocity reccommended will be (0.75 - 2) M/S.
Assumed air velocity to be 1 M/S

## Total air required for pressurization with considering 5%

safety factor

USER INPUT
CALCULATED
REFERENCE DATA

APV = QT/0.83*(60)^0.5
Smoke Stop Lobby Pressurization Calculation
Project Building
Unit No.
Name Type

## Dwg Ref. Rev. 0 Sheet 1

References: NFPA 92 A BS 5588 PART - 4 BSEN 12101-6:2005
ASHRAE 2011, HVAC APPLICATION , CAPTER - 53, SMOKE & FIRE MANAGEME
Design Parameter
Summer Outside Temperature, TO 46 o
C
Lift Lobby Temperature, TS 23 o
C
No of Floor N 6 Floor
Average Floor Height H 2.9 m
Lift Lobby Length Ll 3.2 m
Lift Lobby Width Wl 2.95 m
Lift Lobby Area per Floor Al 9.44 m2
Pressure Analysis for Lift Lobby
Pressure difference from Lift lobby to 50 Pa According to BS 5588 - 4, Table - 1
Building
Door Type - 1 (D1) 2 1. Single leaf, 2. Double Leaf
Door Leakage Area 0.03 m2 According to EN-12101-6-2005, Table A.3 as pe
Leakage Factor n 2 n = 2 for large area (Door) & n = 1.6 for small A
Air Supply to Pressuried Space QD1 0.18 m3/s Equation, Q = 0.83 x Ae x (P)1/n
Door Type - 2 (D2) 1 1. Single leaf, 2. Double Leaf
Door Leakage Area 0.01 m 2
According to EN-12101-6-2005, Table A.3 as pe
Leakage Factor n 2 n = 2 for large area (Door) & n = 1.6 for small A
Air Supply to Pressuried Space QD2 0.06 m3/s Equation, Q = 0.83 x Ae x (P)1/n
Window Type 1 1. Slading Type, 2. Pivoted no weather striping, 3. P
Crack Area 0.00001 m 2 Input the value from EN-12101-6-2005, Table A.4 as
Air Supply to Pressuried Space Qw 5.869E-05 m3/s Equation, Q = 0.83 x Ae x (P)1/n
External Lift well wall Length Ll 8 m
External Lift well wall Width Lw 3.5 m
External Lift Well Wall Area LA 28 m2
Wall Tightness Type 2 1 -Tight, 2 - Average, 3 - Loose
Leakage Air leakage Wall Area 0.00084 According to EN-12101-6-2005, Table A.5 as pe
Total Leackage area between AF 0.02352 m 2

lift
Totalwell and outside
Leakage area between AT According to lift Door Landing Size & Crack
the Lobby and Lift Well 0.35 m 2 Length @ 50 Pa, Refer to Table - A.3, EN -
12101 - 6 2005
No. of Lift Landing Door NLD 2 Nos
AT 0.70
Total flow rate of Air leakage via QLD 0.14 m3/s QLD = (0.83 x (1/(1/(AT)^2 + 1/(AF)^2)^0.5) x (P
Liftlanding door
In case of all doors are closed
The Air Leakage From Door QD1 0.18 m3/s
The Air Leakage Door QD2 0.06 m3/s
The Air Leakage from Window Qw 5.869E-05 m3/s
Total flow rate of Air leakage via QLD 0.1379607 m3/s
Liftlanding door
Air Flow Required for Lobby Q 0.37 m3/s
Pressurization for each
Total Air Required floor
For Lobby Q Q x no. of Floor
2.24 m3/s
Pressurization
Calculation resulte
Fan Capacity For Lobby 2.24 m3/s
Pressurization 4739 CFM
Air Flow Each Floor 790 CFM
lculation

Checked By

## Consuling Engineering Complex

101-6:2005
KE & FIRE MANAGEMENT

INPUT
REFERENCE
CALCULATED

88 - 4, Table - 1

## 101-6-2005, Table A.3 as per Door Type

(Door) & n = 1.6 for small Area (window)
3 x Ae x (P)1/n

## 101-6-2005, Table A.3 as per Door Type

(Door) & n = 1.6 for small Area (window)
3 x Ae x (P)1/n
voted no weather striping, 3. Pivoted weather Striping
EN-12101-6-2005, Table A.4 as per Window Type
3 x Ae x (P)1/n

e, 3 - Loose
101-6-2005, Table A.5 as per wall Tigtness

## or Landing Size & Crack

efer to Table - A.3, EN -