You are on page 1of 24

Banjo Talk with Bela Fleck • Page 12

A pril 3 – A pril 17, 2019

Pets &
Wi ld life
Photo Credit: Cat Cutillo

Pg. 5 Saving Pets at the
New Animal Hospital Revives
Humane Society Downtown Garage Space
By Sarah Davin
Pg. 7 Animal Therapists
Lend a Paw at WCMHS
he Capital City Farmers Market will soon buzz with animals. The Stonecliff Animal Surgical Center will also do
locals buying cherry tomatoes, honey, and goat cheese, emergency surgeries during their weekday hours. “If there is an
all while inhaling the mouth-watering smells of hot emergency, we will do our best to accommodate them,” said Dan.
Pg. 11 Caledonia Spirits Set enchiladas and spanakopita. Even more excited than the humans One of the assets of Stonecliff Animal Surgical Center is Dan’s
to Open Distillery
are the collies, spaniels, Labradors, and more, who arrive in as impressive amount of surgical experience. He has a special
many varieties as the produce in the market. This year, the expertise in dog orthopedics and has had clients travel to see
Heney lot will include one more pet-friendly amenity to draw him from all over New England,
more business downtown
Photo by Sarah Davin. Canada, and abroad. To better
U.S. Postage PAID

Permit NO. 123

Montpelier, VT

The red brick former “Garage” understand weaknesses in dogs

will open this spring as the knees, Kelly conducted a study
Stonecliff Animal Surgical comparing the knees of coyotes
Center, thanks to husband-and- with the knees of domestic dogs
wife duo Dr. Dan Kelly and and has spoken in Boston at an
Jodi Kelly, who are reviving the orthopedic symposium about a
long-vacant building at 58 State novel procedure to repair cruciate
Street and also plan to convert ligaments in dogs.
the upstairs into The Garage
Cultural Center to host a variety In addition to serving animals,
of events, particularly culinary the Kellys also plan to use the
ones. space to help seniors take care
of their furry companions. Once
Stonecliff Animal Surgical a week, they will open their
Center space to an as-of-yet unnamed
The new surgical center is the Dr. Dan Kelley and Jodi Kelly. nonprofit to help seniors get their
Montpelier, VT 05601

third animal hospital the Kellys have opened in the area; they pets the care they need. The industry-wide rise in pet care costs
also run Stonecliff Animal Clinic in Bradford and a satellite is especially difficult for seniors because it is often at odds with
P.O. Box 1143

clinic is West Lebanon, New Hampshire. The new center, the fixed incomes of older community members.
currently under construction, will provide surgical care for
The Bridge

Continued on Page 4

We’re online! or

PAGE 2 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 3


Industry Publication to Recognize Quirky Pet Photo by Tom Brown.
Montpelier’s independent pet supply store, Quirky Pet, will be honored as Pet Products
News International’s Independent Pet Shop of the Year in its May publication. It is the
second time owner Cindra Conison (pictured at right) has won the award. “I also won
in 2014,” Conison said. “There will be a full article on me in the May issue. I’m the only
one in the [independent] category who has only one store and the only one who has all
made-in-USA products.”
The State Street shop is well-known for its resident Bergamasco sheepdogs and support
of local endeavors. The store sponsors a young entrepreneur program and is selling
wildflower seeds with a portion of the sales going to support the Save the Bees campaign,
among other efforts.
EarthWalk Vermont Founder Stepping Down as Executive Director
After 14 years as EarthWalk’s executive director, founder Angella Gibbons has made the
decision to transition to a part-time role with the organization and make space to hire
new leadership. Founded in 2005, EarthWalk Vermont is a nonprofit community and
nature-based education organization with a mission to inspire and empower children,
families, and communities to reconnect with and care for one another and the Earth.
Applications to succeed Gibbons will be accepted through April 29.
Berlin Veterinary Clinic Changes Hands
It might be old news to some, but after serving the community for decades, Dr. Steve
Carey has transferred ownership of his vet practice on Barre Street to Dr. Megan
Rumpke and Dr. Nicolas Drolet. The practice is now known as Montpelier Veterinary
Hospital. The new doctors offer evening and weekend emergency services, Saturday
hours, extended Thursday evening hours, and house calls.
Stone Environmental Among Best Places to Work
Stone Environmental in Montpelier was honored in March as one of the 2019 Best
Places to Work in Vermont by the Vermont Business Magazine, the Vermont Chamber

Fundraising Campaign
of Commerce, the Vermont Department of Economic Development, the Society for
Human Resource Management (SHRM)––Vermont State Council, and Best Companies
Group. “This recognition reflects our talented and dedicated team of professionals and
the organization we have built together over the last 27 years,” Michael Winchell, vice
president of Stone, said in a news release.

Nature Watch
Five months into our $50,000 Bridge to the Future campaign, we are
almost 2/3 of the way to our goal. Thanks to all those who have already
by Nona Estrin
Please send your potentially tax-deductible donation to:
Friends of The Bridge, P.O. Box 1641, Montpelier, VT 05601.

You can also donate online at

Bridge Community Media, Inc.

P.O. Box 1143, Montpelier, VT 05601 • Ph: 802-223-5112
Editor in Chief: Mike Dunphy
Managing Editor: Tom Brown
Artwork by Nona Estrin. Publisher Emeritus: Nat Frothingham

Copy Editor: Larry Floersch
pring is forcing its way into our still snow-clad world. Robins and Calendar Editor: Marichel Vaught
Layout: Sarah Davin, Marichel Vaught
red-winged blackbirds arrive daily in vibrant f locks, bringing their Sales Representatives: Rick McMahan
familiar songs and calls. Out in the rose tangle the song sparrows Distribution: Sarah Davin, Amy Lester, Carl Etnier
Board Members: Phil Dodd, Donny Osman, Jake Brown, Josh Fitzhugh, Larry Floersch, Greg Gerdel, Irene
are singing their claim. We continue to ski on the hard snowpack here, Racz, Ivan Shadis, Ashley Witzenberger
clomping over bare patches, knowing it won’t last much longer. In the Editorial: 223-5112, ext. 14 •
Location: The Bridge office is located at the Vermont College of Fine Arts, Stone Science Hall.
woods sap is f lowing, but it will be awhile here before the green spears of Subscriptions: You can receive The Bridge by mail for $50 a year. Make out your check to The Bridge, and
leeks first show. mail to The Bridge, PO Box 1143, Montpelier VT 05601. •
Twitter: @montpbridge • Instagram: @montpelierbridge
PAGE 4 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Pets & Wildlife

New Animal Hospital
Revives Downtown Garage Continued from page 1

The first floor will become the animal hospital. to everyone and to have a space where produce, and show people how to use
everyone can come together, experiment, vegetables—kohlrabi, for example. It
and discover different mediums. I’m into would help the community learn how to
food photography and I want a space use the Farmers Market.”
where photographers can come in and give In the future, there may even be events
seminars,” Jodi said. that bring together dogs and food. One
Jodi has many ideas for possible uses suggested event would be a community
for the space. She says she was excited dog walk. “We’ve been talking about
about the interest she received from New doing weekly dog walks from the vet
England Culinary Institute instructors, clinic,” mused Dan, “where people would
some of whom have started their own go Friday afternoon—or whenever we go
businesses, and said they would be out for a 5K walk— and everybody meets
interested in doing events at The Garage back here, with food trucks and beer
Cultural Center. “I’ve talked to a bunch of served. It would be a fun thing.”
chefs in the area because I really want to The Garage Cultural Center will open
do cooking demonstrations and potlucks May 3 with a sculptural exhibition
up here. Maybe we’re raising money for Unbound! Four Women Sculptors Let Loose.
Photos by Sarah Davin. the Vermont Food Bank or the Humane The opening date for the surgical center is
Society.” simply “spring,” for the time being.
“It’s been really important for both of Jodi has put extra effort into shaping the
us for the last 30 years to make sure former garage space into a comfortable The Kellys planned to meet with the
everyone can afford a level of veterinary space for pets and their owners while they director of the Farmers Market the week
care. Because the human–animal bond are at the animal hospital. Kelly and her of March 24 to discuss collaborating with
is so strong, it keeps them living; it keeps sister-in-law, who is an architect, designed the nearby market to help educate the
them up; it keeps them walking and the space with the comfort of the animals community about different ingredients.
getting out of bed in the morning. To in mind. For example, in their Bradford Jodi elaborated, “My idea for the Farmers
have this nonprofit come in one day and location, the reception area is made to Market is we could have a chef go down
provide basic dental health and tumor look like a village square. there as a workshop, gather up some
removal—things they’d just have no way In addition to designing their center in an
to afford—is especially helpful. Dental animal-friendly manner, they also have a The second floor will become the cultural center.
disease is a serious issue, so we’re pretty few other tricks to keep pets and people
excited to have a program like that,” said calm. “Our idea is that when you come
Jodi. into one of our hospitals, you feel like
you’re in a hospital but you also have the
feeling of home,” Jodi said. “At all our
other hospitals, we bake cookies so that
when the animals get there, they smell
cookies baking and not the medicine. We
do a lot of things to try and remove the
fear of the visit.”
The Garage Cultural Center
Above the surgical center will be a gallery
and kitchen space complete with a staging
room for caterers to set up for events and
parties. “The idea is to make art and
everything that comes with it accessible
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 5

Finding Fur-ever Families Pets & Wildlife

By Cat Cutilllo

aurie Garrison knows first-hand the often starving and suffering from flea
paw-print an animal can leave on infestations.
one’s life. Hanging above her desk “Cats can reproduce so quickly and so
is a framed portrait of her late dog, Mr. often,” she says. A healthy cat can get
Bumpus, whom she rescued in 2005 from pregnant at just four months of age, and
a shelter in New Jersey, where she was indoor cats can have up to four litters
living and working as an AT&T research per year, which illustrates why another 35
scientist. percent of animal surrenders last year were
“I call him my heart dog,” says Garrison. due to too many pets in the house, mostly
“He was really, really a special dog. cats.
Obviously, a special dog because he made “We recently had a case where people
me change my career,” she says. had over 20 cats in 18 months. It was
After adopting Mr. Bumpus, she started kind of an accident,” says Garrison, who
volunteering out of gratitude at the shelter, emphasizes to spay and neuter your pets
joined the board, and eventually fully Mr. Luigi, age 7, has taken up residence in the the front office of and recommends VT-CAN!, a low-cost
submerged herself into a new career as the Central Vermont Humane Society where he’s been for about six clinic in Middlesex open to the public.
executive director. Now, she holds that months. He is looking for a home. Photo by Cat Cutillo.
Adoption of shy and older animals takes
position with the Central Vermont Humane the longest. For example, Luigi is a seven-
Society (CVHS) in East Montpelier, a job was housing or financial issues. Only 13 kittens, 28 percent were dogs and puppies, year-old dog that is a fixture in their front
that regularly makes her cry. percent of the surrenders had to do with 5 percent were bunnies, and 1 percent were office. He arrived overweight and with a
“It’s emotional work. Ninety percent of the animal health or behavioral issues, while small critters. flea infestation. He’s lost 16 pounds, and
time it’s good emotion,” says Garrison. another 22 percent attributed it to “other” Garrison says it’s a myth that people his fur has grown back but remains patchy
reasons, such as divorce, human medical heartlessly dump their animals at shelters. on one side. The medium length of stay is
She points to another framed photo with a issues, or time restraints.
letter about a dog named Morris, adopted “People are absolutely heartbroken to bring just 14 days. The longest ever stay was 190
13 years ago from CVHS. Morris died two Garrison recalls a woman who became their animals in,” says Garrison. “People days, a number Luigi is fast approaching at
years ago at age 16, but his owner still visits homeless after losing her longtime job and come here in tears at the last minute his 144 days.
to reminisce about their adventures hiking was unable to find another. because they’ve done everything they can. “Sometimes someone will meet a dog,
and backcountry skiing. “After two years I “She said ‘I realized there was a better place They call all their friends and their family, and it’s an instant love,” she says. “And
stopped crying in the forest, but I still cry for my cat than living in my car with me.’ and they’re trying so hard not to have to sometimes the animal picks the person.”
at home,” the letter reads. She was just in tears,” says Garrison. bring their pet here,” says Garrison, tearing One man was devastated after losing his
“The loss was so powerful because the “They bring their animal to us, where they up herself. dog. His wife and daughter fell in love with
love was so strong,” says Garrison. “It can know that their animal will be warm and She wants people who struggle with similar a hound-mix named Izzy on the website
transform somebody’s life. It really can.” safe, and we’re going to find their animal issues to reach out right away. and begged him to go meet her. When he
But Garrison has also seen a staggering a home no matter how long it takes,” says “Don’t get to the point where you feel walked in the door, Izzy howled at him just
amount of fur-family heartbreak—pets Garrison. you’re up against it. Call us first,” says like his old dog once did.
and people torn apart because a new Another 26 percent of the animals were Garrison who stresses that CVHS provides “He said, ‘She called me and that was it,”
landlord won’t allow pets or because a job transferred from rescue partners in South services to keep pets and owners together. says Garrison. “They just made such a
loss leads to homelessness. Carolina and Maryland, where dogs and It costs CVHS about $805 per animal, per happy family. She completed their family.
Fifty-six percent of the 1,028 animals cats were being euthanized for lack of year, to operate, while adoption fees only We hear those stories all the time.”
CVHS sheltered in the 2017–2018 fiscal space. Garrison says no shelters in Vermont cover an average of $135. Abandoning “It’s the best part of the job.”
year were from owner surrenders in local euthanize for space. an animal in Vermont is illegal. Still, Visit VT-CAN! at and CVHS
Vermont communities. Of those owner Sixty-six percent of animals arriving at the 18 percent of animals housed last year at to learn more
surrenders, 30 percent said the reason Humane Society last year were cats and were strays, predominantly stray cats, about adopting and caring for pets.
PAGE 6 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

School Page By Libby Bonesteel, Superintendent of Schools April 2019

Montpelier High School

recently attended a workshop hosted by educators Montpelier High School, following the lead of our Community Justice Center, our local Washington
from Randolph High School. They shared their own Main Street Middle School, Randolph High County Diversion Program, and have had students and
positive experiences with implementing “restorative School, and other colleagues around the state, is now staff participate in a class offered by Up for Learning.
practices” in building community and strengthening in the beginning stages of making restorative practices In developing more knowledge and experiences with
relationships in their school. Restorative practices focus a more conscious part our school community as well. restorative practices, I see a great opportunity to build
on building trust in the community through purposefully Despite taking on several other large and important new on the already strong relationships among our students
sitting in circles and listening to one another on a initiatives in the past four years, the MHS faculty was and faculty. The team of faculty members and students
regular basis. As the routine and the community culture strongly in support of learning more about restorative that are leading the way are dedicated to incorporating
strengthens, communities can then better have the practices this year. Our introduction to the work has restorative practices to build upon the good work of
option of effectively conducting a restorative justice been led by several interested MHS students, faculty Main Street Middle School and make Montpelier High
circle when harm occurs within the community. I could members, our school resource officers, and collaborators School an even better place to learn and grow.
not help but be impressed and inspired by their positive among community partners. We have connected with
shared experience with restorative practices. colleagues at U-32, the experts at our local Montpelier -Mike McRaith, MHS Principal

Photos Courtesy of MRPS. These amazing creatures seem to methodically examine listening skills, learn how to perform on stage, and build
everything in sight like a secret service agent observing confidence. Each of the classes has worked with the
the surroundings. You almost do not want to make eye community partner to choose various books and create
contact for fear that they may spot you and contrive a their own original adaptations of the story and perform
plan to attack! The long, sharp talons belonging to the for their fellow classmates, families, and the community.
red tailed hawk or the mesmerizing eyes of the screech In other news, Union Elementary is hosting renowned
owl are enough to send any small animal running for author Michael Thompson, Ph.D., to discuss his
cover. Overall, this was a chance for students to see, documentary Raising Cain: Protecting the Emotional Life
hear, and feel various raptors. I highly recommend of Boys.
educators to contact VINS and set up your experience
today. Main Street Middle School
Union Elementary School This month Main Street Middle School features two
Roxbury Village School eighth-grade students pursuing their passion for writing.
Union Elementary has been fortunate to work Maddox Montgomery’s interest in World War II history
Roxbury Village School recently had the great pleasure collaboratively with several community partners this
to welcome the Vermont Institute of Natural Science began one night at home while watching a documentary
year to expand educational offerings. Most recently, the with his father. With his interest piqued, he developed
(VINS). This fantastic organization, which now has over third grade completed their annual puppet residency
5,000 members statewide, collaboratively works with the desire to learn more and he began reading books
this week, working with the No Strings Marionette about WWII. His independent reading on the subject led
educators in Vermont to “excite and engage students.” Company. This residency has spanned several decades
This was definitely the case during their visit to RVS him to pursue the desire to write a historical fiction novel
and is a UES tradition that is closely integrated with our about WWII. The main character is from Vermont and
with a few guest birds of prey. literacy standards. The theme this year is “school,” and makes a promise to his family to return home. Along this
It is a spectacular sight to see a raptor, or bird of prey, students are creating their own fully operational puppets journey, Maddox also had the opportunity to interview
up close and personal. The word “raptor” is derived to take home at the end of the three-week residency. three WWII veterans at the Montpelier VFW.
from the Latin word “rapere,” which means to seize or Teachers have commented this experience encourages
capture. After viewing the intricacies of these animals, While supporting Maddox with his book, fellow middle
students to embrace creativity, improve speaking and school student Rachana Cherian said, “I can do this
it is easy to understand why they are such good hunters.
too” and is writing a realistic fiction story about a
high achieving, hardworking, athletic girl who when
Superintendent’s Corner evaluated for a sports injury learns that she has cancer.
Let me take this opportunity in English class. This past year Devore took some time Rachana shared that her inspiration came from family
to introduce Renee Devore, the off to immerse herself in Mexican culture and learn members who have had cancer. The theme of her story is
next principal at Montpelier Spanish. Her diversity of experiences will be a great asset determination, resiliency, and the fight to never give up.
High School, to the Montpelier- to the students and teachers at Montpelier High School. Literacy Specialist Adrienne Fortune has been their adult
Roxbury community. Devore has When looking for her next position, Devore spent time supporter and organizer along this journey. Working
been a successful administrator researching education across the United States. What together along with Adrienne’s help to personalize this
across the United States, most she found in Montpelier was her dream—a community experience, these two students have been able to work on
recently in a suburb of Chicago. focused on proficiency-based learning, flexible pathways writing their book at school. As educators, it is our hope
She began her career in education to learning, and having evidence to show an effective that we are able to inspire curiosity where students want
in an alternative school for MTSS model to support all learners. Her energy to learn more, take risks, and pursue their passion. We
students with significant special and passion toward these endeavors will only help to can’t wait to read the final copies!
needs. The latter years of her continue and bolster the amazing work that is currently This page was paid for by the Montpelier-Roxbury School
Renee Devore teaching duties, found her happening in Montpelier High School. District.
engaging high school students
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 7

Pets & Wildlife

Animals Offer a Therapeutic Paw
WCMHS Employs Calming Critters
By Tim Simard

A Aspen the dog.

spen and Bode are two of a kind. perform a series of tests to show she’s not
One’s a dog and the other’s a cat, aggressive and listens well to directions.
but for all intents and purposes, Bouchard is waiting until Aspen is a little
they are as close as siblings. Aspen, a older and out of her “puppy stage.”
short and energetic black Labrador mix, There are no existing therapy cat
immediately greets you with an excitable certifications, so Bouchard and an animal
wag of the tail and a determined snout certification center in New Hampshire
into your hand as if she’s saying “pet me!” will develop them with Bode serving as
Bode hangs back a little, ears perked. the model cat.
Once you sit down, he’s on your lap in
seconds. Prior to the arrival of Aspen and Bode,
Bouchard “borrowed” the pets of
Aspen and Bode are two of Washington friends and coworkers for sessions. She
County Mental Health’s newest also brought patients down to Random
“employees.” Both work with Dianne Rescue in Barre as part of their treatment
Bouchard—a licensed clinical mental and to volunteer.
health counselor at WCMH—as
pet therapists. Bouchard’s office is at Two of Bouchard’s patients say that
WCMH’s Access Program, which working with animals has helped them
coordinates directly with Central Vermont overcome many personal obstacles.
Medical Center’s Emergency Services. Sammi, a patient who has social anxiety,
says pet therapy has made her less anxious.
The animals’ unique names come
directly from Bouchard, a downhill “I’m a lot less nervous with animals
ski enthusiast—Aspen for the Rocky around,” Sammi says. “They help me
Photos by Tim Simard. branch out more, and that makes me
Mountain resort and Bode for Olympic
ski racer Bode Miller. better at talking with people because I’m
Bode have both faced—bullying, stress, earned a certification in pet therapy
more calm.”
Patients, mostly children and young abuse, and abandonment. counseling at Animal Assisted Therapy
adults, who experience anxiety, stress, Programs of Colorado. While there, For Morgan, helping with rescue animals
“I don’t take Aspen to the dog park
depression, PTSD, and other mental she learned methods and best practices and talking with Bouchard also helped
anymore because the bigger dogs all go
health illnesses, have worked closely with for incorporating trained animals into her overcome anxiety and stress. “It
after her since she’s much smaller than
Aspen and Bode as part of Bouchard’s counseling sessions. forced me to get out and interact, and
them,” she says. “So right there, kids
animal-assisted psychotherapy practice. social interaction, even with animals, is a
might share similar feelings of bullying “I didn’t just work with dogs and cats, I
She says patients who might have trouble good thing,” Morgan says.
and anxiety and can talk about it.” worked with horses, goats, rabbits, rats,
talking with a counselor sometimes find guinea pigs,” Bouchard says. If anyone is interested in animal-assisted
it easier to engage when there’s a friendly Bouchard’s pets are also rescue animals.
counseling, contact Washington County
animal in the room. Aspen came from a litter in Louisiana. Aspen and Bode will soon undergo their
Mental Health at (802) 223-6328.
Bode was born locally but didn’t have own certifications. To earn her therapy
“I’ve seen some really good progress [with veterinary access as a kitten. He was dog certification, Aspen will have to
patients],” she says. “I’ve seen kids much found with a ruptured cornea which
more relaxed, less stressed with Aspen or makes it difficult to see out of his left eye.
Bode. And they talk about things and Both are just over a year old.
feelings that they might not talk about
otherwise. They open up more.” Although Aspen and Bode are new to
WCMH, the organization has been
Bouchard also says many of her younger featuring animal-assisted psychotherapy
patients share experiences that Aspen and for a little more than three years. Bouchard
PAGE 8 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

News from Fish and Wildlife

Compiled by Mike Dunphy and The Department of Fish & Wildlife
Pets & Wildlife

Archery season will also be expanded in duration and

Photos by John Hall.
location, expanding hunting in more suburban places
and towns (like Montpelier), where deer are getting out of
control. Crossbow use, previously only allowed for hunters
over 50, will welcome all ages. The annual buck harvest bag
limit has been reduced from two to one, but with regional
flexibility on antler point restrictions. The changes are the
result of several years of conducting surveys, holding public
meetings to gather input on existing regulations from
hunters, and analyzing data from the antler point restriction
and its effect on antler development in Vermont’s deer.
A loosening of baitfish rules will make it easier for Vermont’s
fisher folk to harvest and employ baitfish (aka “minnows”).
The proposal establishes two interior zones—an East zone
and a West zone—within which commercially purchased
and wild-caught baitfish can be moved. It would also allow
movement of baitfish between some approved bodies of
water. Previously, anglers could use baitfish only on the
same water where harvested and only species approved

ith spring upon us and Vermont’s wildlife for use. The goal of this revision is to strike a better Bird Scientific Advisory Group of the Endangered Species
shaking off its hibernal slumber, the Vermont balance between protection of Vermont’s fisheries resources Committee, and final approval by Agency of Natural
Fish & Wildlife Department is moving when it comes to fish pathogens and invasive species and Resources Secretary Julie Moore.
forward discussions on several changes in state policies, opportunities to go out and connect with nature through
Bear Warning
including the following: fishing (with baitfish).
Vermont’s bears may be waking up in a foul mood this
Deer Hunting Bald Eagle Preservation
spring after going into their dens hungry last fall due to
Near the top of the agenda are significant changes in deer Bald eagles have not only returned to Vermont but have a low availability of wild foods. That means bears may
hunting rules. Milder winters and suburbanization are flourished, with 23 known nesting pairs producing at least be more aggressive than usual in pursuit of food. The
bringing more deer to the landscape at a time when there 33 successful young in 2018, according to the Vermont Fish Department strongly encourages taking down bird feeders
are fewer hunters to manage them. As a result, the Fish & & Wildlife Department. Thanks to the success, the birds from April 1 to November 30, as nature provides birds
Wildlife Board is proposing two new hunting seasons— may be down-listed from “endangered” to “threatened,” ample flowers, seeds, fruits, and insects to live on. A garden
one four-day session for antlerless deer two weeks before but protections will remain strict, as they are still federally of black-eyed Susans, milkweed, and highbush blueberry
rifle season, and another for novice adult hunters that takes protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection can accomplish the same as a bird feeder without luring the
place during youth season. Act. Furthermore, the process for listing, delisting, and bears. Electric fencing, however, is strongly recommended
downlisting is a lengthy one, with reviews required by the around backyard beehives and chicken coops.
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 9

What is a Bug to Do in a Changing Climate? Pets & Wildlife

Taking Inventory of Vermont’s Invertebrates
By Mark Ferguson
been taking inventory of Vermont’s data, offering the public an opportunity
Close up: Bumblebee invertebrate fauna. to take part in science and insect
A three-year study of our 17 different conservation. The first year (2019) will
bumble bees compared recent focus on the bees of Chittenden County.
observations with historical collections, Those interested in participating
concluding that several species have can contact the Vermont Center for
drastically declined or even disappeared Ecostudies at
from Vermont, including the Rusty- There will be a project workshop for
patched Bumblebee. A statewide survey volunteers later this spring.
of butterflies from 2002 to 2007 In the meantime, while you plan your
cataloged for the first time the 103 garden, you can start thinking about
species now known in Vermont, as well how you might improve your property
as four giant silk moths. Twelve of to support beneficial insects. Have an
Photo by Kent McFarland. the butterflies were first-time records. empty field that you mow? How about

The results of this study will be used leaving the cutting until mid-October
hose with an eye to the life to these tiny creatures. for comparison with future surveys to or later so that insects can complete
outdoors will notice wildlife The life of an insect is hardly without identify population trends. One of the their life cycles? Leave those wildflowers
becomes increasingly active as peril. Many dangers, such as predators more exciting aspects of the butterfly for the bugs; even goldenrods are
the weather warms. Our winter resident and ill weather, are of natural origin and bumblebee studies is that they important to many species. Watch for
birds now fill the morning with song, and have been surmounted over time enlisted the help of volunteer “citizen ground-nesting bees in bare soil patches
skunks are once again skulking, and through adaptation and evolution. This scientists”to collect field data. and leave them undisturbed. Limit your
even an occasional moth shows itself. is, after all, a hardy bunch of animals. use of insecticides and watch out for
As we move into the growing season, So, what’s next? Vermont is embarking
As people dominate the landscape, on a statewide survey of native bees any brands that contain neonicotinoids
one of the most iconic sounds of spring (such as imidacloprid, thiamethoxam,
and summer is the soft buzz of insects. however, new threats come at a fast because of recent concerns for native
pace and often on a large scale. Habitat pollinating insects and the potential clothianidin), which are absorbed by
Garnering little notice from humans loss, invasive species, pesticides, and the impacts that species losses could have. the entire plant and pose a threat to
(except for mosquitoes and garden unbalancing nature of climate change The Fish & Wildlife Department many bees. Working together, we can
pests), the insect world is incredibly are all bearing down on the invertebrate will again be joining forces with the help insects thrive and maintain the
diverse and boasts more species than world. Recent publications have alerted Vermont Center for Ecostudies and many benefits they provide to people
any other group of animals. By some the world to a potential catastrophic other partners to tackle this larger and nature.
estimates, we may have more than loss of insects in the near future. While endeavor, with more than 250 bee Mark Ferguson is a natural heritage
20,000 different types of invertebrates we are not likely to see insects disappear species that could be observed. Citizen zoologist with the Vermont Department
in the state. Worldwide, over two-thirds in their entirety, there is reason for scientists will again be recruited to help of Fish & Wildlife
of species are insects. concern that more sensitive species will catalog distribution and abundance
Humans enjoy the benefits of many not fare the storm without help.
insect products such as honey, silk, What is a bug to do?
and, shellac. More important, insects
and other invertebrates are among One of the biggest challenges for
the heavy lifters in keeping nature’s conserving insect diversity in Vermont
energy cycle churning—munching and elsewhere is the lack of baseline
and pollinating plants, enriching data. To determine how well species are
soil, breaking down rotting logs and doing, we need to know what they are,
animal waste, and keeping each other’s where they live, and how abundant they
populations in check—is just everyday are. Fortunately, the Vermont Fish &
Wildlife Department and partners have
PAGE 10 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Space is Only the First Frontier in Pet Ownership Pets & Wildlife
By Alana Stevenson, M.S.

was asked the other day how I felt Many dogs are confined in crates environmental modifications, and
about pets living in small places. or cages all day when people are at medication.
Would it be cruel to a cat or dog work, and then again when they go A routine feline dental cleaning can cost
to live in a small apartment? There are to bed. Dogs, being social and active over $1,000. I have spent thousands on
many facets to this question, and I had creatures, need mental stimulation, animal care and veterinary bills that I
multiple thoughts and answers. positive attention, and exercise. A large could have spent on savings, vacations,
From a behavioral perspective, and a dog in an apartment that is exercised clothing, cars, dental and medical bills,
personal one, I believe the quality of regularly—goes hiking, running, and travel, school, and so on.
care and the individual attention an walking daily—and that has more social
interactions and less punitive training is The bottom line is that animals are a long-
animal receives are far more important term commitment and responsibility.
than the amount of “space” they have— going to be happier than a dog that has
a big yard but is rarely in it, or that is Unfortunately, people too often view
within reason. I am not referring to animals as objects or “stuffed animals.”
confining animals in cages, stalls, or always in it and completely ignored—or
regularly scolded. Something to be owned for a while,
pens. praised or fawned over, then disposed
Most of the cats I have been privileged For cats, where food and water are of when they become inconvenient,
to care for have been former street cats. I located, how large litter pans are and the person loses interest, a new breed
trapped them or took them off the street how clean they are kept, how many becomes fashionable, or when too much
personally. I have lived in small rooms surfaces they have to climb up and walk work or responsibility is required.
and apartments and had a multitude down are all very important. Cats like
to be up high and enjoy climbing or The amount of space that is important
of animals—before my work in animal for an animal is the space that animal
behavior. There is absolutely no doubt walking on surfaces that have nice views
and a better vantage point. If there were actually uses and enjoys. How an animal
that these animals were happier, loved, feels in that space is equally important.
well-cared for, and in a much better beams and walkways above our heads,
cats would be climbing up and around How an animal is treated and the type
position than how I found them. There is the perception that large dogs of attention it is given, the conditions in
must have yards and live in big homes, them. Adding shelving, cat trees, and
No one likes being cooped up in a small “vertical” platforms can increase space which it lives, and how enriched its life
space. But everyone likes an upgrade. and small dogs can be apartment is are all as important, if not more so,
dwellers. However, much depends on for cats and offer enrichment, especially
A cat living in a studio apartment, if you live in a small place. than the square footage it lives in.
sleeping with people or other animals the animal’s personality, temperament,
age, and activity level, as well as how If someone devotes their care to an Alana Stevenson, M.S. is an animal
at night, being well-fed, warm, and behavior specialist and dog trainer based
safe has a far better life than the cat much interaction it has with other animal companion, it’s a responsibility,
animals and people. A mastiff that is really no different than caring for a in Charlotte, VT and Boston, and author
living on the streets scavenging from of Training Your Dog the Humane Way:
dumpsters or living in a large house a couch potato will live quite happily child. Dogs can live 12–18 years, and
in a small apartment, whereas a young, cats into their 20s. Veterinary care Simple Teaching Tips for Resolving
perpetually hiding under the bed or in Problem Behaviors and Raising a Happy
a closet, frightened, or mistreated. active Jack Russell or Border Collie and expenses can be very high just
might be spinning in circles. for routine procedures, and geriatric Dog. For more info about her services, go
animals require extra veterinary care, to
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 11

Caledonia Spirits Aims to Open Local Business

Montpelier Distillery by June
By Tom Brown
Large still arrives at Caledonia Spirits. Caledonia employs 46 full- and part- Montpelier is making significant
time workers and plans to reach around investments to lure new businesses of
50 once the Montpelier facility is up late. In addition to Caledonia Spirits,
and running, Christiansen said. The TimberHomes recently opened a new
Hardwick distillery produced 16,500 headquarters on Elm Street, a new
cases of spirits in 2018, and the new downtown hotel and voter-approved
facility will enable a much greater city parking garage is planned, and
output. more projects are expected under the
One of the key features of the new city’s new tax district structure. (The
distillery is the 32-foot Barre granite garage/hotel project is currently on hold
bar, crafted by Barre Tile. Comments due to a permit appeal filed in court by
from customers while they knosh on a group of city residents.)
bar snacks and sample Montpelier- “We are hoping to create an atmosphere
Photo courtesy of Anna Bromley/Caledonia Spirits. made premium spirits will provide where good, responsible development

direct feedback on product quality. that fits in Montpelier will feel welcome
t won’t be long before customers is being distilled here. There’s nowhere
That information is hard to get when and be supported,” City Manager Bill
will relax along the banks of the else where you can see spirits being
there are distributors in between the Fraser said, pointing to the creation
Winooski River in Montpelier and produced all the way to the cocktail
customer and the maker, Christiansen of the Montpelier Development Corp.,
sip a Bee’s Knees cocktail made from except our facility.”
said. which focuses on housing and economic
spirits produced on site at Vermont’s Caledonia currently makes three
“It’s a hard business,” Christiansen said. development.
newest distillery—and Montpelier’s honey-laced spirits—Barr Hill Gin,
newest tourist destination. “You sell to distributors, who sell to The city set aside $466,700 for public
Barr Hill Vodka, and barrel-aged Tom
markets, so you are removed from your infrastructure improvements and
The walls are up and the five large Cat Gin. The expansion will allow the
customers. That’s the importance of offered Caledonia Spirits 10 years of
stills will soon be in place at Caledonia company to add a rye whiskey and
this operation. When we actually get reduced municipal property taxes as
Spirits’ 27,000-square-foot distilling, explore new formulas in its research lab,
to engage and serve a cocktail to a an incentive to locate here. The city
research, and bar facility on Barre Christiansen said.
customer and hear their feedback, it’s estimates it will recoup $536,000 in the
Street, where owner Ryan Christiansen All of the barley and rye used in an incredible value for us. This center is first 10 years from the new taxes and
aims to open, hopefully, by Memorial the distillery is locally sourced from going to allow folks to come in and tell water and sewer fees on the facility. The
Day. the Greensboro farm of Caledonia us what they like about our product, tax incentive reduces the company’s tax
In addition to attracting visitors from Spirits’ founder Todd Hardie, who what they don’t like, how you drink it, bill by 50 percent to about $360,000 a
around the Northeast, the $10-million hired Christiansen as head distiller when you drink it, that sort of thing.” year for the first 10 years, after which it
project will triple Caledonia’s in 2011. Hardie sold the company will pay an estimated $720,000 a year,
City Deploys Development Strategy
production and provide space for to Christiansen in 2015 to focus on Fraser said.
research and development of new farming. The honey is purchased from For a city sometimes criticized for
spirits, Christiansen said. The plant will a family apiary in New York state, as not being friendly toward developers, Continued on page 17
replace the company’s current facility Vermont beekeepers can’t provide the
in Hardwick, which did not have the necessary volume, Christiansen said.
space needed for tours and tastings. With the expansion, company officials
“That’s part of the design of this hope to create more opportunities for
facility,” he said of the spacious bar Vermont growers. As demand grows,
area, which will also be available for farmers might be willing to expand
community events. “Hardwick is a or diversify their production, knowing
very small tasting experience, and it’s that there will be an identified market
really important to us that everything for their crop, the theory goes.
PAGE 12 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Bela Fleck and Abigail Washburn Music

Dueling Banjos Come to the Barre Opera House
By Mike Dunphy

hen Bela Fleck and Abigail As you are married to each other, does
Washburn take the stage, the personal relationship manifest in
they could conceivably stand the music in any way?
back-to-back, walk 10 paces, turn, and Fleck: It’s amazing sometimes to us that
fire off a salvo of plucking, raking, and not only do we get to be partners in life
strumming—thanks to the inherent duel and in raising our children, but we get
they present between two distinct banjo to make music together as well, which is
styles—bluegrass and claw hammer. nearly as intimate as the other stuff. We
Fleck plays the classic three-finger do have to stay on top of the business, but
bluegrass style developed by Earl we can even enjoy that part.
Scruggs, with attachable finger picks, When it comes to banjo playing and
while Washburn plays claw hammer, an bluegrass/folk music, does Vermont
older form of banjo playing that reaches have any standing or reputation in
back to the instrument’s West African Photo by Noelle Panepento. that community?
roots which uses more open tunings
and rhythmic strumming, and is played The Bridge: Steve Martin said you Fleck: Yes, it has given fresh ideas to Fleck: Vermont has its own energy, and
with bare fingers. Fleck summed up can’t play a sad song on the banjo. Is try, and a new style to adapt to and it manifests itself in all the music that
the difference, with a wry grin, in an there there any truth to that? collaborate with. comes from there. I believe that location
interview with Paste magazine as, “Her does stamp a person in his or her attitude
Bela Fleck: None at all. Banjo can do You’ve referred to the claw hammer and what one thinks is important to
playing is natural, but mine is unnatural.”
sad. and bluegrass styles as two different express. To me Vermont is iconoclastic,
While the husband and wife may have worlds. Have you discovered any earthy, and warm.
After so many years playing banjo,
initially had some concerns about pairing places where they connect? Or have
what continues to draw you to the How do you approach performaing at
the styles, which are usually kept separate, you forged connections?
instrument? a venue like the Barre Opera House?
audiences have been quick to give their
Fleck: I still love sitting and playing Fleck: There are very few songs that
approval, with their 2014 album, Bela Fleck: We are happy to get to play there. I
it. It’s like having a piano in your lap. are played on both, but there are a few.
Fleck & Abigail Washburn, winning the have been there a couple of times but not
The sound is very compelling and the Having both styles in our household adds
Grammy for Best Folk Album. With Abby, although she’s seen shows there. I
possibilities keep on showing themselves. to a bigger understanding of the whole
Echo in the Valley, released in 2017, the think it will be warm and iconoclastic!
banjo world.
duo adopted a banjos-only policy for Both you and Abigail have said you Looking forward to responding to its
instrumentation, with no guest players, have a lot of pride in the banjo. Can You’ve played in so many different unique energy.
and nothing that cannot be duplicated in you clarify what the pride is? configurations in your long career.
What are the benefits of playing as a Is there anything you want the
a live setting. audience to take from the show besides
Fleck: Embedded in the story of the duo?
Central Vermonters can witness the banjo is the story of America, the slaves entertainment?
dueling banjo styles on Saturday, April 6, bringing it, and all the cultures adopting Fleck: I love being responsible for
making the music complete with just Fleck: We like it when folks leave with
at the Barre Opera House. it and adding themselves to it. It is some more connection to roots and
multicultural and an underdog to boot, two people. I have tons of space to
Looking ahead to the show, Fleck was paint within the songs, sometimes I’m history, and maybe, we can inspire some
due to all the misconceptions about it. ideas. We will also be doing a banjo raffle
also kind enough to sit down speak with rhythmic, sometimes I’m the bass player
The Bridge about his pride in the banjo, Has playing with Abigail’s claw on the low cello banjo. It’s creative and for a local nonprofit, so one person will
his relationship with Washburn, the hammer style of play changed or fun. I love the duo format. And Abby is actually take home a banjo!
interplay of the two styles, and Vermont’s improved your own playing in any an incredible partner, with solid intuitive Bela Fleck and Abigail Washburn will play
musical energy. way? banjo structures I can build on top of and at Barre Opera House on April 6 at 7:30
an honest and beautiful vocal ability. pm. Tickets start at $45.50.
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 13

Safeguarding the Water We Drink Public Works

By J. Gregory Gerdel

Photo by J. Gregory Gerdel. Wilson notes that the water treated at needed to clean the sand filters the plant
the plant is “moderately hard” and scores uses at the beginning of the treatment
well for palatability, another standard process.
of water quality that is maintained at Point-of-Use Filters
the plant. The relatively high alkalinity
of the water makes it comparatively If only because they improve the
easy to maintain the targeted pH of palatability of city water by removing
7.6–7.8. The system uses six to eight the odor and taste of chlorine, point-
gallons of sodium hydroxide to adjust of-use filters, such as Brita or PUR,
the 900,000 gallons of water processed, are widely popular. In fact, water
on average, each day, Wilson explained. technicians note that chlorine will gas
off from water in a relatively short time:
Montpelier’s water is very low in the “If you fill a quart jar with water, put
problematic level of carcinogens it in the fridge for about 20 minutes,
found in some water sources around then put the lid on, the chlorine odor
the state. The city has water analysis will have evaporated,” Wilson said. Of
data available on request. “People are

course, the carbon and resin filters in
efore the implementation of mission is customer service. A risk of sometimes curious about the water these devices remove toxins, but they
Montpelier’s Water Filtration contamination comes with low pressure the city provides, particularly if they are not designed to provide disinfection.
Plant in June 2000, people not in the system,” Wilson explains, “and we are home brewers, growing plants, or
having screens on their taps would are going to err on the side of caution.” maintaining an aquarium,” Wilson said. Tour the Plant
occasionally notice some flotsam and How Sampling Works Wilson has mixed feelings about the With advance notice (one week is
jetsam (bits of plant matter, usually) increased recreational access on Berlin preferred), the team of certified
floating atop a settled pot of water. In the case of the unusual citywide operators is pleased to provide tours of
Pond, which has increased the turbidity
And those with screens on their taps notice in February, canceling the boil the facility. They have regularly hosted
of the water coming into the plant. He
would occasionally need to rinse that notice required sampling tap water at school groups, other water treatment
notes that the turbidity has declined
accumulation from the screen. While nearly a dozen locations throughout the professionals, and interested citizens.
some after the initial rush of activity
the Berlin Pond water, treated with city, the first time such broad sampling The best times are 9 am to 2 pm
slacked, but it has required an increase
chlorine, was safe to drink, aesthetics has been required since the opening Tuesday through Thursday.
in the frequency of the backwashing
and palatability could have been better. of the filtration plant. Wilson says the
sampling is planned in coordination
Jeff Wilson, chief operator of the team with the state’s water protection division
of three certified technicians at the plant and testing is done by both the state lab
on Paine Turnpike in Berlin, is charged and Endyne, a private lab in Williston.
with ensuring that the city’s tap water
is safe and pleasant to drink—in other Water samples are collected from the
words, potable and palatable. The other taps—with permission, of course—
longtime certified operators are Michael in buildings, including residences, at
Farnham and George Hood. locations that will be representative of
water quality throughout the system. It’s
Wilson was quick to urge the citywide notable that the proactive response by
boil-water notice in February when the the city has been successful: No samples
rupture of a main at the intersection have failed in the 18 years since the
of Elm and Spring streets caused a opening of the filtration plant.
significant pressure loss through most
of the system. The protocol for calling About the Source
a boil-water notice is established by While the Berlin Pond source of
the Vermont Drinking Water and Montpelier’s water has been the subject
Groundwater Protection Division. “Our of controversy about recreational access,
PAGE 14 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Net Zero Car Fleet— Easy Talk, Hard Walk Energy

By Mike Dunphy

Photo courtesy of the Dept. of Public Works. purchase of a 2020 Ford Interceptor— As for non-heavy-duty administrative
the first pursuit-rated hybrid police SUV. vehicles, Montpelier typically doesn’t use
This comes after many years of exploring them, and almost all travel by city vehicles
options with little success, says Montpelier is done within the city limits for work-
Police Chief Anthony Facos. related purposes, Provencher points out.
“I’ve been trying to look at effective vehicles “When employees travel outside of the
that would meet our police mission, but the city, it is typically for training or meetings,
technology has not been there for general in which case many employees use their
patrol purposes.” The safety of officers is personal vehicles and are reimbursed for
paramount for Facos, which sets a high bar mileage.” In fact, only three vehicles could

for any vehicle, especially considering the even potentially become hybrids, but any
n a city and community that proudly currently available for electrically powered transition would have to wait until the
professes a net-zero energy goal, it’s equivalents,” he explains. “No hybrid huge amount of equipment that goes inside
the vehicle and the need to be essentially on current ones reach the end of their lifespan
perhaps surprising that Montpelier’s vehicle now on the market will meet our and are cycled out. It’s also important
fleet contains only one electric vehicle—a performance requirements.” the road 24/7. It’s here that the availability
of the technology smacks into the cost, to realize, Provencher notes, that while
street-rated cart used by the rec Todd Provencher, director of the city’s hybrids have had significant gains in
department—and no hybrids among its with the Interceptor running about $5,000
Finance Department, sheds a bit more more than the usual cruiser, according to mileage during highway travel, there is
70 or so vehicles. That’s especially notable light: “The bulk of municipal work requires far less improvement in efficiency for in-
considering the transportation industry Facos. “It’s much more than we are used to
vehicles above the half-ton weight-rating spending, and we just haven’t been able to town driving, which Montpelier’s fleet is
puts out the largest dose of greenhouse class for carrying tools and equipment predominantly used for.
gases into the atmosphere—43 percent of swing it in the budget so far.”
or for construction season and winter Some carbon relief for heavy-duty diesel
all emissions (as of 2015), according to the operations.” In these cases, efficiency Public Works also has its eyes on a van
Energy Action Network. and pickup truck offered by AMP Electric vehicles may come through the use of
inevitably must take a back seat to reliability. “biodiesel,” which essentially is made from
It’s not a lack of interest within city “First and foremost,” McArdle points out, Vehicles under the brand “workhorse,”
which could replace at least one of the fuel made from waste plant-based cooking
government that keeps any change from “the equipment must meet or exceed the oil mixed with regular fossil-based diesel.
happening, but technology and cost, not to specifications listed in the bid documents. water/sewer mechanic vans and possibly be
mention a morass of challenging logistics We also consider reliability, dependability, used for non-plowing purposes, but it’s not Continues on page 16
that accompany each step forward. First, life cycles, cost, parts availability, and other on the market in this area yet.
most municipal vehicles are heavy duty factors. When providing essential services
and specialized, and adequate electric such as plowing snow or hauling heavy
and hybrid alternatives do not yet exist, loads, efficiency is probably not going to be
according to Tom McArdle, director of a deciding factor.”
the Public Works Department. “The Things may start to change soon. In
capabilities and requirements for our 2020, the first hybrid patrol vehicle will
fleet impacts and limits the options come to the police department, with the
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 15

The Bridge to Take Over Fake News

the “Failing” New York Times?

By Larry Floersch

umors began flying on Monday spoke on the condition of anonymity, “And enough of this focus on nothing Maybe something with kittens,” she
of this week that this newspaper, said, “I cannot confirm the rumors, but but the Yankees and Mets. What about said.
The Bridge, was negotiating a in the newspaper business nowadays, the Mountaineers?” he added. When finally reached for comment
deal to take over The New York Times. anything can happen—and usually The advertising director of The Bridge, late in the day at the Three Penny
When asked about it, Phil Dodd, does!” Rick McMahan, said he relished the Taproom on Main Street in Montpelier,
president of The Bridge board of Barbara Floersch, president of The notion of expanding The Bridge’s editor and publisher Mike Dunphy
directors, said that he had heard those Friends of The Bridge, said that if advertising market. “Not only are there was shocked that the story had gotten
rumors but could neither confirm nor the rumors are true, her organization advertisers down there in New York out and immediately said he had been
deny the move. “You’ll have to ask would not even consider raising City that might like an opportunity misquoted. “I don’t know who leaked
Mike Dunphy, our editor and publisher, money on behalf of the floundering to advertise in The Bridge, but such a this,” he said, “but I told the staff this
about that. Mike does have the power urban newspaper giant without major deal could prove a boon to our local morning I was going to buy a New York
to operate unilaterally up to a point. changes. “In addition to people saying advertisers. Having the ability to reach Times, not the New York Times.” As he
But if he has negotiated such a deal, the Times is failing, they also accuse it the eyes of New Yorkers with local ads turned back to his half-finished pint of
he will have to bring it before the of being a major source of fake news,” could be very lucrative. After all, it Hill Farmstead Edward, he said, “But I
board for a vote,” said Dodd. Josh she said. “There is no way we are going seems like most of those folks down do hope everyone had a pleasant April
Fitzhugh, the treasurer of the board, to put our fundraising muscle into such in the city either have ski condos in Fools’ Day.”
added, “And we’ll definitely have to see an organization without some sort of Stowe, Waitsfield, or Killington or they
the financials. For some time certain wholesale house-cleaning down there to summer in Vermont.”
people in Washington [D.C.] have been make sure the news is real.” “It’s not called ‘the gray lady’ for
saying the Times is failing. If that’s the Tom Brown, managing editor of The nothing,” said Sarah Davin, who does
case, and it’s going under, we’ll need Bridge, also could not confirm the the layout and graphic design for The
to analyze the deal very closely before rumors, but said if such a merger Bridge. “The Times is really boring to
approval.” happens, he liked the prospect of helping look at, especially the front page. Even
Phone calls to A.G. Sulzberger, the the editors and reporters of the Times though they finally went to color photos
publisher of the Times, and Dean Baquet, relearn what local and independent a few years ago, which is a step in the
the executive editor, were not returned, journalism is all about. He also liked right direction, I think it needs a more
but a source close to Sulzberger, who the idea of an expanded sports section. modern look to lure younger readers.

Design & Build

Custom Energy-Efficient Homes
Additions • Timber Frames
Weatherization • Remodeling
Kitchens • Bathrooms • Flooring
Tiling • Cabinetry • Fine Woodwork
PAGE 16 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Net Zero Car Fleet— Easy Talk, Hard Walk Energy

Continued from page 14
The most common mix is called B20, its tendency to gel in winter temperatures. use a tank previously used for B5 at the DPW is comfortable with that plan, and
indicating 20 percent biodiesel. There The answer is “winter diesel,” which comes gas station next to the Agway on Route the council is up to speed.”
are already two local suppliers—Bourne’s in several forms, such as B5, which uses 2 and transfer it to DPW property—a Any major step forward toward adding
Energy in Morristown and Black Bear kerosene in the mix. In Keene, Mountford move recommended by Montpelier Energy biodiesel to Montpelier’s car fleet would
Biodiesel in Plainfield, which claims to have prefers adding a chemical mix called K100 Advisory Committee in a report “Powering also run into budgetary considerations, as
displaced 325,000 gallons of regular diesel to B20, which he’s used successfully over Montpelier’s Fleet with Renewable Energy,” the fuel budget is approved by the city
in 2018 alone, and 1.25 million gallons the past five years. published on March 20. council and voters. The $1 per gallon
over the past five years. However, the Since biodiesel acts more as a solvent than Naturally, this raises many questions and additional cost of fuel, according to
use of biodiesel remains at the discussion oil, it can also create problems with older concerns in terms of where to locate the McArdle, would lead to approximately
phase for now, according to Mayor Anne fuel tanks, picking up leftover dirt and tank, what the costs are, and of course, $5,000 more in the budget if five vehicles
Watson. “There’s no specific plan yet,” sludge, which then clogs fuel filters. Here, potential dangers—tank liability, security, were converted, making implementation
she explains, “although I have asked Tom too, Mountford downplays the issue and spill containment, fire suppression, etc. a policy discussion with the city manager
McArdle to come up with a plan.” says it’s only for a short period when the “One of several questions we needed to and city council.
For a model, they might look to Keene, biofuel is introduced. “If you are putting answer,” McArdle considers, “is where “It’s not just about the cost,” says Watson.
New Hampshire, which powers 68 vehicles it in a piece of equipment that’s been a tank of this size could be safely and “Making a transition to another type of
of its fleet with B20 for “the better part of running regular diesel fuel, especially the conveniently located at the DPW facility. fuel requires a lot of logistic changes. None
16–17 years,” according to Jim Mountford, old stuff, for 10 or 15 years prior to trying There are other issues we would need to of this is prohibitive, but it will take time
Fleet Services Operations Manager of to run B20, then you are going to have to explore further if we opt for an above- to sort out.”
Keene. For Mountford, using biofuel has change the fuel filters a couple of times in ground fuel tank including weather
been almost a wholly positive experience. the worst case scenario. Once that’s done, protection, power supply for the pump, a Read the entire report, “Powering
“We’ve had phenomenal luck running which would be a couple of filter changes, fire suppression system, security, liability, Montpelier’s Fleet with Renewable Energy,”
B20 in everything from equipment that’s quite frankly, the problem’s over with.” and permit requirements.” Nonetheless, at
dated to 1969 till today,” he declares. He Of course, bringing biofuel to Montpelier Mayor Watson wants to keep discussions
also pushes back on the many reported could require a new fuel tank, and Bourne’s going, albeit carefully. “I’m very interested
limitations of using biodiesel, starting with Energy has actually offered to let the city in this prospect, but I want to make sure
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 17

Caledonia Spirits Aims to Open Distillery Local Business

Continued from page 11
“There is a very clear payback scenario,” project is nonetheless representative of
Fraser said. “It’s in the long-term TIF-funded initiatives that may follow,
financial health interest of the city when and other businesses might decide to fill
that $360,000 jumps to $720,000 in in the area between the new facility and
taxes that 720 is coming in as revenue, downtown, which is roughly parallel to
same with the water and sewer bill.” All the proposed extension of the bike path.
of that is money that would not exist if “It was clear to us that it wasn’t just a
the company built elsewhere, he said. factory to make gin,” he said. “It was
Caledonia Spirits also intends to separate clear that they want people to come
and ship the 200,000 gallons a year of to Montpelier, and we want to attract
stillage remaining from production to people to the community. These new
the city’s soon to be built biodigester at businesses are consistent with Vermont
the sewage treatment plant, which will values, and we think they are going to
turn the organic waste into energy. be a great addition to the community
The city provided a road to the Barre and may stimulate other activity in that
Street property, improved a railroad area.”
crossing, and upgraded a water line that Christiansen said the city has been
was scheduled to be replaced, among welcoming throughout the process.
other public items. The company paid “Montpelier showed that they wanted us
the extra cost of routing the water to be in the neighborhood. We looked
main around its buildings and agreed at a lot of towns before we settled
to provide public access to the river on on Montpelier,” Christiansen said. “I
its property. grew up in Plainfield so I’ve heard that
The Barre Street site is on the eastern Montpelier is a hard city to work with,
end of the city’s recently approved Tax but we had great support from the city.
Increment Finance (TIF) district, but They have been progressive in solving
the project was started before the TIF problems.”
status was approved. Fraser said that the
PAGE 18 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Aging in Place: Senior Living

A Roadmap for Seniors and Future Seniors
By Peter Kelman Ed.D.

ging in Place” is generally its suitability for aging in place and to plan One of the most emotionally difficult nursing homes, and continuous care or
understood to mean spending to make needed additions and alterations, decisions we face as lifetime drivers is lifetime communities
the rest of your life in your own including a ground floor bathroom and knowing when to stop driving and give up Financial and Tax Planning
home. As such, aging in place may seem sleeping quarters; grab bars, ramps, and our car, and, once we have done so, as citizens
primarily about making your home more wheelchair accessibility; evacuation plan of Central Vermont, we face the challenge of Financial and tax planning might involve
senior-friendly. In reality, however, home and emergency exits; and personal alert and the paucity of public and private alternatives working with a financial advisor to
renovation is only a small part of a complex home security systems. for getting where we need or want to go and reconfigure one’s investment portfolio to
and challenging process that is more about obtaining the goods and services we need or meet needs throughout an extended old-
Household Tasks age, making a timely disbursement of one’s
“aging” than “place.” want. Transportation is a social, political, and
As we age, we need to recognize when we financial issue about which we all should be modest assets to heirs in order to qualify
Understanding and preparing to address can no longer manage some tasks on our more aware and perhaps politically engaged. for low-income programs, consulting
the challenges of aging in place is further own and need to get help with any amount an accountant about the capital gains
complicated by our age, health, and finances, of home maintenance and repairs, including Health Insurance implication of selling a residence that has
as well as whether we own our home or rent; regular house-cleaning, seasonal chores, It is critically important for us to understand appreciated versus leaving it to heirs.
live with a partner, housemate, relative, or organizing materials, heavy lifting, and the ever-changing costs and benefits, pros
alone; live in town or country; own and drive Estate and Other Legal Planning
ladder work. and cons, and ins and outs of Medicaid,
a car; have a disability or chronic illness; and Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Even people with modest or no estate to
and more. Nevertheless, in fairness to our Home Healthcare speak of should be sure to have an up-to-
Medicare, private insurer Medigap and
partners, children, friends, neighbors, and There is a high likelihood that we, our Medicare plans, and long-term health care date (no older than five years) will with an
ourselves, it is incumbent upon us all that we partners, parents, or dependents will live policies. If you are enrolled in any of these identified executor and successor executor,
take seriously the planning needed if we are to an age at which we may need help with health insurance programs, you should as well as durable powers-of-attorney, health
to successfully age in place during the final some very basic activities of daily life such as review your options annually to be sure you proxies, and advanced health directives
stages of our lives. eating, personal hygiene, toileting, dressing, are in the best program for your needs. (registered with the state) in case of one’s
Below are some of the top issues that need to walking, and other movement. If we intend incapacity.
be understood and addressed by people who to age in place, we are almost certain to need Long Term Health Care The above article is a condensed version of the
wish to age in place. assistance with these, as well as managing It is similarly important to understand the original. To read the full article, which includes
medications and making medically related various institutional alternatives to home more tips and resources for aging in place, please
Home modifications appointments to patient advocacy. healthcare for one’s long-term physical, visit
It’s never too soon to consult appropriate Transportation Challenges mental, and cognitive health care needs,
experts to help you evaluate your home for including assisted living, residential care,
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 19

Calendar of Events
6:30–8 pm. Vermont College of Fine Arts, Noble
Annex 1 and Conference Room, College St.,

PoemCity: CCV Poetry Reading. Faculty, staff April 4–6: Spaulding High School presents
and students of CCV read their original poetry. Into the Woods. Follow some of Grimm’s most
Featured poets include Carol Henrikson, Peter beloved fairy tales to find out what happens when you get what you wish for, and it isn’t what you
Money, Nicola Morris, Carol Potter, and Monica thought it would be. April 4–5 at 7 pm; April 6 at 2 pm and 7 pm. 155 Ayers St., Barre. Adults $10;
students/staff/seniors $7; children $5.
Events happening
Stillman. 6:30–8 pm. Community College of
Vermont, 660 Elm St., Montpelier April 4: Extempo. Locals tell short-format, first-person, true stories live on stage without any notes or
April 3–April 17 Yestermorrow Speaker Series: Talking with reading. 8–10 pm. Bridgeside Books, 29 Stowe St., Waterbury. $5. 244-1441.
Trees. Learn about cultivating a respectful April 5–6: Rumney Memorial School presents Mary Poppins Jr. Filled with beloved, familiar
approach to forests from logger, miller, and teacher songs and dance, and lively youth performers. April 5 at 7 pm; April 6 at 2 and 7 pm. 433 Shady Rill
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3 Nick Zandstra. 7 pm. 7865 Main St., Waitsfield. Rd., Middlesex.
Orchard Valley Walk-Through Wednesday. Donations accepted. April 6: Worcester Mud Season Variety Show. A fundraiser for the Worcester Community Lunch
and Food Shelf featuring performers of all ages taking the stage to help us shake off the winter blues
Join us for this monthly open house event during FRIDAY, APRIL 5 and welcome Spring. 6:30 pm. Doty Memorial School, Worcester. $5; families $15.
the school day, and observe main lesson in
grades 1–8. Campus tour and Q&A time, too. Next Steps: A Climate Solutions Walk Begins. April 6: FEMCOM. All-female standup comedy. 8:30 pm. Espresso Bueno, 248 N. Main St., Barre.
8:30–9:30 am. Grace Farm Campus, 2290 Rt. From Middlebury to Montpelier. Participants can Free/by donation.
14 N., East Montpelier. Pre-registration required: join for one day, five days, or according to your April 7: The Best of The Second City. Fresh, fast, and always spectacularly funny, The Second City
456-7400. ability. We’ll use our collective strength, as well as is celebrating nearly 60 years of producing cutting-edge satirical revues and launching the careers of
our connections with each other and the land, to comedy’s best and brightest. 7 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro.
The Christ Church Community Lunch. deepen our knowledge of the climate emergency, $25; students $10.
11 am–12:30 pm. 64 Main St., Montpelier. celebrate solutions, and discuss ways to support April 13: Shakespeare’s Ghost. Award-winning actor and playwright J.T. Turner brings Shakespeare
Salvation Army Community Lunch. and sustain next steps. to life and presents an engaging show filled scenes from the Bard’s most beloved comedies, tragedies,
Noon–1 pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre. Knitting Group. Make hats, shawls, and more and histories, along with stories of their most interesting productions. 7 pm. . Highland Center for the
Democracy in Iran. Professor Misagh Parsa, for donations to a variety of organizations. Bring Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. $15; students $10.
author of a recent book on this topic, will a small pair of scissors or yarn needle. 9–10 am.
discuss the 1979 Revolution and its outcomes, Twin Valley Senior Center, Rt. 2, East Montpelier.
current challenges, and a likely path for Iran’s 223-3322
democratization. An Osher Lifelong Learning Trinity Community Thrift Store Spring
Institute program. 1:30 pm. Montpelier Senior Sale. April 4–6. 10 am–4 pm. 137 Main St.,
Activity Center, 58 Barre St., Montpelier. Free for Montpelier. 229-9155
OLLI members; $5 for others.
Trinity United Methodist Church Community
Free Personal Money Management Classes. Lunch. 11:30 am–1 pm. 137 Main St.,
Budgeting, debt management, credit building, Montpelier.
financial future planning, and smart car buying.
6–7:30 pm. Capstone Community Action, MSAC Rummage Sale. 10 am–4 pm.
20 Gable Pl., Barre. 477-5215 Montpelier Senior Activity Center, 58 Barre St.,
Mid-Week Movie: If Beale Street Could Talk.
6–8 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 VCFA Friday Night Reading Series. With
Hardwick St., Greensboro. $5 suggested donation. Bianca Stone and Xu Xi. Café Anna in College Hall, Vermont College of Fine Arts, Montpelier.
PoemCity: Emily Dickinson: Poet of New
England. One of the greatest American poets, The Story of Vermont’s Quiet Digital
and probably the most important woman poet Revolution. The film follows the stories of several
of all time. UVM professor emeritus Huck Front Porch Forum members, each from different
Gutman explores what Dickinson can teach us. walks of life. How does participation on their local
7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 Main St., forums transform them and their communities?
Montpelier Learn more as we host a screening and discussion
with Front Porch Forum staff. 6 pm. Highland
Who’s Your Person? What’s Your Plan? Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St.,
Advance Care Planning Presentation. Join Greensboro. Free. RSVP:
us for a short TedMed video and discussion
followed by an overview of advance care planning PoemCity: Hearing through the Heart: An
(ACP). ACP is a process to help a person in Evening of Poetry & Dance. Through narratives
advance of injury, serious illness, or catastrophic of racial injustice, social inequality and equity,
event to think about and plan for future medical poets Rosa Castellano and George Longenecker
decisions should they become unable to speak for and dancers Mireya Guerra and Alana Rancourt
themselves. 7–8:30 pm. Jaquith Public Library, Phinney hope that the heart-opening nature
School St., Marshfield. jaquithpubliclibrary of poetry and dance will provide a bridge to
compassion so that we can glimpse ourselves in
THURSDAY, APRIL 4 the stories of others. 7 pm. T. W. Wood Gallery,
Older Vermonters Caucus. Hear about the 46 Barre St., Montpelier.
legislative issues affecting older Vermonters. SATURDAY, APRIL 6
Topic: Tax issues and Social Security expedition.
8–9 am. Vermont State House, Room 10, The 32nd Annual Vermont Scholastic Chess
Montpelier. Championships. All Vermont students from
Kindergarten through Grade 12 are eligible
Trinity Community Thrift Store Spring to compete for State Championships in nine
Sale. April 4–6. 10 am–4 pm. 137 Main St., divisions. Check-in 8:30–9:30 am. Games start at
Montpelier. 229-9155 10 am. Early registration encouraged.
Trinity United Methodist Church Community Barre Congregational Church Community
Lunch. 11:30 am–1 pm. 137 Main St., Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre.
2019 LEAP Energy Fair. Tour more than 75
VCFA MFA in Writing & Publishing exhibits and talk with experts about solar power,
Community Classes: Wild Minds: Read Like heat pumps, electric vehicles, biomass, energy
a Writer Book Group. Dig deeply into texts and audits, weatherization, pellet stoves, and more.
find the craft tools writers use to construct their Several breakout sessions on topics of special
stories. We’ll focus on a different novel or memoir interest. Family-friendly event with children’s
each month, with discussion questions designed activities. 9 am–3 pm. Crossett Brook Middle
to help you identify craft techniques that will School, Duxbury. Free.
strengthen your own writing while developing
the skills to “read like a writer” on your own. MSAC Rummage Sale. 10 am–2 pm.
PAGE 20 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Calendar of Events
Pleasant St., Morrisville. Council. Vermont Arts Council, 136 State St., Old Schoolhouse Common, 122 School St.,
Montpelier. Marshfield. 426-3581

Visual Arts
Through April 24: Linda Bryan, Deeper
than Blue: Cyanotypes and Printmaking. Through April 27: Mad River Rug Hookers. Through June 1: Thomas Waterman Wood:
Quimby Gallery in Harvey Academic Center at Considered both a craft and an art form, rug The Master Copies. A selection of Wood’s
Northern Vermont University-Lyndon. hooking with its variety of colors and textures master copies from the T.W. Wood Art Gallery
Through April 5: Notweed. A multimedia appeals to both young and old alike. Numerous collection. While Wood was in Europe he fell
exhibit featuring 500 hanging stalks of Japanese Through April 26: Susan Bull Riley,
Illuminating Wonder. Bull Riley challenged styles and techniques will be on display at this in love with the paintings of the European
knotweed, soundscapes, and interactive exhibition by the Mad River Hookers. Demos Masters, including Rembrandt and Turner.
contemporary dance by NVU-Johnson associate herself to push past the watercolor’s traditional
boundaries of pure transparency, and her on Saturdays through April 27, 1 –4 pm. Following current fashion, Wood copied
professor of digital art Sean Clute. Julian 5031 Main Street, Waitsfield. paintings to learn techniques from the masters.
Scott Memorial Gallery at Northern Vermont background in botanical watercolors, to create
large landscapes with heightened surface Through April 28: The Front presents T.W. Wood Gallery, Montpelier. 262-6035.
complexity more typical of oil painting. The SHOW 31. Recent works by the membership of
Through April 7: Precarious Magic: The Gallery at Central Vermont Medical Center, Montpelier’s sole collective art gallery. 6 Barre Through June 28: Vanishment. Mixed media
Paintings of Kate Emlen. Painted scenes of the 130 Fisher Rd., Berlin. St., Montpelier. work by Janet Van Fleet Vanishment. Explores
fields and forests of Vermont and the coast of the fraught relationship between humans and
Maine. Highland Center for the Arts, Through April 26: Ray Brown and Toby Through April 30: Out, Around, and Back
Bartles, Steps on a Journey—An Exhibit Again. Paintings from Sally Giddings Smith the natural world, using, in part, materials that
2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. Van Fleet has repurposed from previous bodies of Two Vermont Painters. Both artists share since leaving Vermont 30 years ago. The
much in common with the second generation Old Meeting House, 1620 Center Rd., East of work. Opening reception: April 4, 4–7 pm.
Through April 9: A People’s History. A abstract expressionists, as they both draw Montpelier. 111 State St., Montpelier.
solo collage exhibition by Vanessa Compton influence for painterly choices from immediate April 15–Oct. 25: The War of Ideas:
featuring 23 collages on the birth, development, surroundings such as landscape or architecture Through April 30: Promises of Spring.
Watercolors by Marcia Hammond of Propaganda Posters from the Vermont
and destiny of our nation. Barre Opera House, to create inner meaning. The T. W. Wood Historical Society Collections. Visitors can
6 N. Main St., Barre. Brookfield. Chelsea Public Library, 296 Rt. 110,
Gallery, 46 Barre St., Montpelier. 262-6035. Chelsea. 685-2188. examine how posters have been an important
April 9–13: Pin-up: Returning Student part of the wartime effort, for everything from
Graphic Design Work on Display. 10 am–4 April 10–30: Art, Illness & Beauty—A recruitment to support on the homefront.
Through April 26: Central/Northeast Personal Account of Recovery through
pm. Alumni Hall Gallery, Vermont College of Kingdom Vermont Watercolor Society. Vermont History Center, 60 Washington St.,
Fine Arts, College St., Montpelier. Painting. Join the Washington County Mental Barre. 479-8500.
Works by works of Janice Avery, Lisa Beach, Health Services Recovery Community in
graphic-design Joann DiNicola, Gary Eckhart, Terry Through Dec. 21: 200 Years—200
celebrating the art of Alexis Kyriak. Reception:
April 9–13: Voltron—Spring 2019 Hodgdon, Susan Bull Riley, Michael Ridge, April 10, 4:30–7 pm at the Barre Opera Objects. An exhibition celebrating Norwich
Graduating Student Thesis Exhibition. and more. Opening reception: April 4, 5–7 House. University’s bicentennial. Curated to include
10 am–4 pm. Opening reception: April 12, pm. The T.W. Wood Gallery, 46 Barre St., objects from the museum collection, as well
7–8 pm. College Hall Gallery, Vermont College Montpelier. Through May 1: Jane Pincus—Paintings as documents and images from Archives and
of Fine Arts, College St., Montpelier. From the Past 6 Years. Eight colorful painting/ Special Collections, that reflect and retell
Through April 26: Looking North— collages. The Drawing Board, 22 Main St.,
graphic-design Catamount Artists Connect. Nineteen visual the university’s 200-year history. Norwich
Montpelier. University Sullivan Museum and History
Through April 19: Thom Egan, On Making artists from Catamount Arts in the Northeast
Kingdom show their work in the Spotlight Through May 2: Ruth Pope. Landscape Center, Northfield.
Pictures. Wood block prints, lithographs,
and colored low reliefs. River Arts Center, 74 Gallery’s latest exhibition at the Vermont Arts paintings. Jaquith Public Library,

Montpelier Senior Activity Center, 58 Barre St., introductory session at 7:45 pm. 8–11 pm. Capital Salvation Army Community Lunch. Noon–1 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 10
Montpelier. City Grange Hall, 6612 Rt 12, Berlin. Adults $10; pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre.
kids and low income $5; dance supporters $15. The Christ Church Community Lunch.
Alpenglow Fitness Intro to Studio Cycling. Restoring the American Elm. Learn about elm 11 am–12:30 pm. 64 Main St., Montpelier.
An instructor will orient you to the studio, get history and the journey to revive them on VT’s
Salvation Army Community Lunch.
your bike fitted properly, and guide you through SUNDAY, APRIL 7 landscapes. 6:30–7:30 pm. Hunger Mountain Co-
Noon–1 pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre.
a gentle first ride. Learn the positions and lingo. op community room, Montpelier. Register: info@
10–10:45 am. 54 Main St., Montpelier. Register: PoemCity: Whitman Aloud – Song of Woodridge Career Fair. Positions available in Myself. Bill Drislane presents a full reading nursing, nutrition services, environmental services,
of Walt Whitman’s Song of Myself, joined by PoemCity: As Useful As Spoons: The Poetry
Trinity Community Thrift Store Spring of Cora Brooks. Chard deNiord, Vermont’s Poet and more. 2–7 pm. Woodridge Rehab and &
Kerrin McCadden, George Longenecker, Rajnii Nursing, Berlin.
Sale. April 4–6. 10 am–4 pm. 137 Main St., Eddins, Meg Reynolds, Lisa Buckton, Mary Laureate, and Kerrin McCadden, winner of the
Montpelier. 229-9155. Elder Jacobsen and guests. 2–5 pm. Lost Nation Vermont Book Award will read Cora Brooks’ Face the River: Restoring a Healthy
PoemCity: LGBTQ Poetry Reading & Panel. Theater, 39 Main St., Montpelier poetry. 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 Connection between Montpelier & its Rivers.
Linda Quinlan, Alison Prine, Toussaint St. Main St., Montpelier Reflect on the role of rivers in Montpelier’s history
Montpelier Song Circle. With Jacob and Gretta and discuss current projects and opportunities
Negritude, and J. Turk, self-identified Vermont- Stone. 6–8 pm. Center for Arts and Learning, TUESDAY, APRIL 9 to make a positive impact on the health of
based LGBTQ poets, will read and take questions. 46 Barre St., Montpelier.
Noon–2 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, Barre Congregational Church Community our rivers. 5:30–7 pm. Hunger Mountain
135 Main St., Montpelier MFA in Graphic Design Public Events: Lecture Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre. Co-op community room, Montpelier. info@
and Book Signing by Natalia Ilyin. Writing
The Gala®: The Future of Space. Join us for Bike Worcester with Green Mountain Club.
for the Design Mind. 7:30–9 pm. College Hall Moderate. About 30 miles. Worcester to Elmore Free Personal Money Management Classes. See
Helen Day Art Center’s 30th Annual Benefit: Chapel, VCFA, College St., Montpelier.
an elegant evening inspired by creativity and on Rte. 12. Leave at 10 am from the Worcester description under April 3
graphic-design Town Office. Eat lunch at the Elmore General
innovation. Cocktail reception, silent and live Mid-Week Movie: Can You Ever Forgive Me.
auctions, followed by dinner and dancing. Black MONDAY, APRIL 8 Store. George Plumb: 883-2313 or 6–8 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875
tie optional. $135. The Lodge at Spruce Peak. Hardwick St., Greensboro. $5 suggested donation. Community Lunch at Unitarian Church
Montpelier. 11 am–12:30 pm. 130 Main St., Remembering Robert Frost. Members of the
Contra Dance. Music by Julie Vallimont, Anna Montpelier. public, residents of the St. Johnsbury House, PoemCity: Vermont Studio Center 35th
Patton and Ethan Hazzard-Watkin with Don and Northeast Storytellers will share readings, Anniversary. VSC has invited Vermont alumni
Veino calling. All dances are taught plus an reflections, history, anecdotes, and experiences to participate in an anniversary reading. 35 poets
they’ve had with Robert Frost, his works, and his will each read one poem of thirty-five lines or less.
legacy. 2–3:30 pm. St. Johnsbury House, 1207 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 Main St.,
Main St., St. Johnsbury. Free. 751-5432 Montpelier
PoemCity: Cora Brooks Birthday Celebration.
Share your Cora stories or read one of her poems THURSDAY, APRIL 11
at the gathering. See an exhibit of photos and her Older Vermonters Caucus. Hear about the
artwork and enjoy some special Birchgrove Bakery legislative issues affecting older Vermonters. Topic:
birthday cake. 4 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, senior centers and adult days. 8–9 am. Vermont
135 Main St., Montpelier State House, Room 10, Montpelier.
PoemCity: Garret Keizer Book Launch: “The Trinity United Methodist Church Community
World Pushes Back.” Enjoy a poetry reading Lunch. 11:30 am–1 pm. 137 Main St.,
with refreshments, Q&A, and book signing to Montpelier.
celebrate the release of Garret Keizer‘s debut poetry VNRC and EAN: Current State of Energy in
collection. 7 pm. Bear Pond Books, 77 Main St., Vermont. Discuss the current state of energy in
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 21

Calendar of Events
April 11: DJ Bay 6, 8 pm (jazz noise). 7 pm. 1248 Rt. 2 East, Montpelier April 13: Vermont Fiddle Orchestra Spring

Live Music
April 12: Jamie Carey, 5 pm; Mirage, 9 pm, (driveway on the right, just before Vermont Concert. Special guest soloists will be Katie
$5, 21+ Country Campers if headed out of Montpelier and Corie Pressley. The orchestra will perform
April 13: Stefani Capizzi, 6 pm; DJ KAOS, toward Plainfield.) traditional music as well as compositions
9:30 pm, 21+ April 6: Béla Fleck and Abigail Washburn. by David Kaynor and Katie Pressley. 7 pm.
April 18: DJ Bay 6, 8 pm The husband and wife duo, called “the king Barre Opera House, 6 N. Main St., Barre. By
Bagitos. 28 Main St., Montpelier. 229-9212. April 19: Tim Brick, 5 pm; My Mothers donation. and queen of the banjo.” 7:30 pm. Barre Opera
Moustache, 9 pm, $5, 21+ House, 6 N. Main St., Barre. $26–49.50. April 13: Alasdair Fraser and Natalie Haas.
April 4: Colin McCaffrey and Friends, 6 pm
April 6: Irish Session, 2 pm Whammy Bar. 31 W. County Rd., Calais. Over the last 18 years of creating a buzz at
April 7: Eric Friedman folk ballads, 11 am April 7: Green Mountain Youth Symphony festivals and concert, they have truly set the
April 11: Old Time Music Session, 6 pm Every Thurs.: Open Mic, 7 pm Spring Concert. The Repertory, Concert, standard for fiddle and cello in traditional
April 12: Yuri Kolosovskiu, 11:30 am April 5: John Smythe, 7:30 pm and Senior Orchestras will each perform their music. 7:30 pm. Old Meeting House, East
April 13: Irish Session, 2 pm April 6: Carol Hausner and Mark own musical offerings. The conductors have Montpelier. $20 advance; $25 at door. $50 for
April 14: Southern Old Time Music Jam, 10 Struhsacker, 7:30 pm programmed music to celebrate spring and family of four.
am April 12: Big Hat No Cattle, 7:30 pm several crowd favorites including selections April 13: Capital City Concerts presents
April 18: Italian Session, 6 pm April 13: The Picklebacks, 7:30 pm from The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Veritable Violin. Featuring violinist Laurie
April 19: Dave Loughran, 6 pm April 19: Bella and the Notables (jazz and Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them. Smukler and pianist Robert McDonald.
standards) 7:30 pm 2 pm. Barre Opera House, 6 N. Main St., They will perform masterpieces of Beethoven,
Charlie O’s World Famous. 70 Main St. Barre. Suggested donation: adults $15; students Franck and others. 7:30 pm. Unitarian
Montpelier. Free. 223-6820.
Every Tues.: Karaoke, 7:30 pm
SPECIAL EVENTS K-12 $5; children under 5 free. Church, 130 Main St., Montpelier. $15–25.
April 4: Christ Church Concerts at April 7: Vermont Virtuosi: The Tao of
Espresso Bueno. 248 N. Main St., Barre. 479- Noon. Pastime with Good Company: Early Light. A concert of musical enlightenment April 14: Burlington Choral Society presents
0896. Music with the Champlain Consort. Part from Bohuslav Martinů, André Previn, music for Lent and Easter. Features English
April 6: Larks in the Attic (trad) 7:30 p.m. of the spring series of lunchtime concerts. Gabriel Fauré, Joaquín Rodrigo, Vermont composer Bob Chilcott’s new setting of the St.
April 13: Jazzyaoke (live jazz karaoke) 7:30 Noon–12:45 pm. Christ Church sanctuary, 64 composer Dennis Bathory-Kitsz, and Maurice John Passion. It spans an enormous expressive
pm, $5 State St., Montpelier. Bring a bag lunch. Ravel. 4 pm. Unitarian Church, 130 Main range in telling the story of Christ’s suffering
April 4: Jeremy Harple. Styles range from St., Montpelier. $10 suggested donation. and crucifixion, according to St. John’s gospel.
Gusto’s. 28 Prospect St., Barre. 4 pm. Unitarian Church, 130 Main St., bluegrass, blues, folk, and reggae. 6 pm. Café at
Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick April 11: Christ Church Concerts at Noon. Montpelier. Adults $25; students $20.
April 4: Open Mic, 8 pm
April 5: Joe Sabourin, 5 pm; Son of a Gun, 9 St., Greensboro. No cover. Colin McCaffrey. Part of the spring series of
pm, $5, 21+ April 4: House Concert. With Greg Rekus lunchtime concerts. Noon–12:45 pm. Christ
April 6: Eric DeRed, 6 pm; DJ LaFountaine, (punkoustic), Chainsaw Bitch Acoustic Church sanctuary, 64 State St., Montpelier.
9:30 pm. 21+ (punkoustic), Magic User (synth), and Putsch Bring a bag lunch.

Vermont and where we go from here. Worcester Clothing Swap. Get some “new- MONDAY, APRIL 15 poise at work and at home. 6–7:30 pm. Capstone,
5:30–6:30 pm. Hunger Mountain Co- to-you” clothing and accessories. Benefits the 20 Gable Pl., Barre. Free. RSVP: 477-5214 or
op community room, Montpelier. info@ Worcester Food Shelf. 9 am–3 pm. Worcester PoemCity: Voice and Vision: Poetry & Art Town Hall, Rt. 12, Worcester. $1/bag (BYO). with Linda Hogan. Celebrate PoemCity with
a workshop for kids (ages 8–12) at the Hunger The Power of Nature. A presentation designed to
PoemCity: “TIDAL_WAVE” 2. Spring has Drop offs: April 11-12, noon–5 pm help attendees better understand natural assets in
Mountain Co-op. Explore the magical worlds
returned and so too have the poets of Shockwave PoemCity: PoemCity Poem Recording Session. of haiku, origami, and collage. Supplies will be their community and how to protect and restore
Studio Art & Literary program of Washington Come record your PoemCity poem in your own provided. 9–11 am. Hunger Mountain Co-op, them for improved water quality, flood resiliency,
County Mental Health Services. Come and voice. With simple digital recording equipment, 623 Stone Cutters Way, Montpelier. Sign up: and many other benefits. 6:30–7:30 pm. Hunger
breathe in the vivid verse and blossoms of art and Rick Agran, host of WGDR’s “Bon Mot” poetry Mountain Co-op community room, Montpelier.
inspiration. 6 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, program at Goddard College Community Radio,
135 Main St., Montpelier will capture your poem for posterity. 10:30 am– Community Lunch at Unitarian Church
Montpelier. 11 am–12:30 pm. 130 Main St., PoemCity: Healing the Divide: Poems of
MFA in Graphic Design Public Events: Public noon. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 Main St., Kindness and Connection. A reading with James
Montpelier Montpelier.
Lecture by Visiting Guest Designer Kevin Crews, Mary Elder-Jacobsen, Megan Buchanan,
Yuen Kit Lo. Graphic Design as Symbolic PoemCity: #UsToo–New Voices. Poems written Salvation Army Community Lunch. Noon–1 Alison Prine, Patricia Fontaine, Laura Foley, and
Counterpower. 7–8 pm. Noble Lounge, VCFA, by a class of sexual abuse survivors will be shared pm. 25 Keith Ave., Barre. Carol Cone. Healing the Divide is an anthology
College St., Montpelier. during this reading. 12:30– 2 pm. Kellogg- PoemCity: FLOW Poetry Reading. FLOW, that urges us to embrace the ordinary moments of
Hubbard Library, 135 Main St., Montpelier Four Left-handers and One Write, will give a kindness and connection that fill our days. 7 pm.
FRIDAY, APRIL 12 group reading. Poets are Mary Elder Jacobsen, Bear Pond Books, 77 Main St., Montpelier
Chapters in History Three: The Twenties;
Knitting Group. See description under April 5 Roaring and Otherwise. A free program series Andrea Gould, Susie Atwood, Lisa Mase and Jesse
of reading and discussion. April’s discussion LoVasco. 6:30 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135
MFA in Graphic Design Public Events: Public Main St., Montpelier
Lecture by Visiting Guest Designer Sean is on Coolidge by Amity Shlaes. 2 pm. Jaquith
Yendrys. Gestures, Limitations, and the Obvious. Public Library, School St., Marshfield. VCFA MFA in Writing & Publishing
11 am–noon. Noble Lounge, VCFA, College St., Community Classes: Mindful Writing
Montpelier. Workshop Series. With mindfulness educator,
SUNDAY, APRIL 14 poet, and MFA candidate Rebecca Jamieson.
PoemCity: High Tea & Reading at Westview 6:30–8:30 pm. Vermont College of Fine Arts,
Meadows. Shake your cabin fever with an elegant Palm Sunday Mass. With solemn procession.
10 am. St. Augustine Church, 16 Barre St., Noble Annex I and Conference Room, College
afternoon of poetry and high tea, including mini St., Montpelier.
cucumber sandwiches, scones with clotted cream Montpelier.
and jam, and tea. Poets from the Montpelier PoemCity: Poetry Crostic Workshop. Tenabrae Service. 7 pm. St. Augustine Church,
Senior Activity Center and Westview Meadows Participate in a poetry crostic construction led by 16 Barre St., Montpelier.
will read their poetry. 1:30–3:30 pm. Westview Rick Winston. A crostic is a type of word puzzle,
Meadows, 171 Westview Meadows Rd., related somewhat to crossword puzzles. 1:30 pm. TUESDAY, APRIL 16
Montpelier. RSVP: 223-1068 ext. 3 Hunger Mountain Co-op, 623 Stone Cutters Barre Congregational Church Community
Psychodrama Group Forming. Using dramatic Way, Montpelier Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre.
presentation of issues to facilitate individual and Dance, Sing, and Jump Around! A family Bike Orange with Green Mountain Club.
group healing. 6–8 pm. Insight Counseling and dance for all ages. Circle and line dances and Moderate. About 20 miles. Orange to Plainfield.
Wellness 2 North St., Barre. $15 sliding scale. singing games, all taught and called. Live Reservoir Rd. to East Hill Rd. to Cameron Rd. to
Register: (617) 850-5233 traditional music. 3–4:30 pm. Capital City Plainfield. Lunch at Positive Pie. Return via Brook
PoemCity: Native Music & Poetry. Join Grange, Rt. 12, Berlin. $5 suggested donation for Rd. and Reservoir Rd. Leave at 10 am from the
Abenaki musician Bryan Blanchette and Abenaki adults; free for children. No one is turned away. Orange Recreation Area just up Reservoir Rd.
poet Roland Bluto for an evening of poetry and from Rt. 302. Contact George Plumb, 883-2313
melody. 6:30 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 PoemCity: An Afternoon of Poetry with Local or
Main St., Montpelier Jewish Poets. Featured poets include Charles Speechcraft Workshop: ER...AH...UM...
Barasch, Andrea Gould, Robert Barasch, Nicola YOU KNOW... Prepare and present short talks
SATURDAY, APRIL 13 Morris, Judith Chalmer, and Baron Wormser. and practice impromptu speaking in a relaxed,
Barre Congregational Church Community 4–5:30 pm. Beth Jacob Synagogue, 10 Harrison enjoyable atmosphere. These workshops will help
Meal. 7:30–9 am. 35 Church St., Barre. Ave., Montpelier. Sliding scale donation. you be able to communicate with confidence and
PAGE 2 2 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

To the Editor, To the Editor,
I am writing to address the issue of the I can understand why people may think What a night it was! A million thanks And most especially, to the fabulous
tampon tax in our state. I am a 15-year- that the tampon tax is not a big deal, to everyone who came out to support the family of potters who make and donate
old girl from Montpelier High School, one of the reasons for this being the fact Vermont Foodbank at the Sixth Annual hundreds of their hand-crafted bowls
and I am frustrated and confused with the that they have never experienced what it’s Empty Bowl Benefit at The Mud Studio each year, and who worked tirelessly for
high tax on feminine hygiene products. like to have a period. People think that in Middlesex. Because of you, we raised months to make this fundraiser the huge
These products are treated as a luxury, a tampon tax is a distraction, and that $8,775 to help our most vulnerable success it was,
which should not be the case. The average we should be focusing on building up neighbors. BRAVA! BRAVO!
woman will spend $1,773.33 on tampon our tax economy. We should be doing To our sponsors, Mike Sullivan and The
products in her lifetime, plus another this, but because of the tax on hygiene Bonnie Seideman, Empty Bowl organizer
Mud Studio, Black Krim Tavern, Bon
$443.33 if she uses panty liners as backup. products they are becoming more and Temps Gourmet, Capitol Copy, Central
That is already such a large amount, and more unavailable to women. People can’t Vermont Potters, Christ Church, Cold
if you add the tax the number grows a afford the products, and they are spending Hollow Cider Mill, Hunger Mountain
significant amount. Through a woman’s money that they should be saving for Coop, J. Morgan’s Steakhouse, North
lifetime, the sales tax on tampons will things like food and water. Branch Café, Red Hen Bakery, Regal
add up to $124.13 and $31.03 on panty Feminine hygiene products should not be Floral Design, Sarducci’s, Vermont
liners. Products that are considered to be taxed, and as a woman who has to deal Creamery, The Bridge, and The World
for men often have a lower price or a lower with a period I know that it is not, in any Newspaper, we could not do this without
sales tax. Things such as men’s razors cost terms, a luxury. you.
a significant amount less than women’s. Anna Luhr, Montpelier To Susan Reid and Pam Bockes, whose
Feminine hygiene products are a necessity, music lifts us up every year, we are so
and every person who has a period has to grateful.
purchase these products.
T HE BRID GE A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 • PAGE 23

OP-ED Sugaring Bug Will Run in Your Veins

By John “Josh” Fitzhugh

dark. I brought the turkey pan into the house, poured its contents into a glass jar
and went to bed.
The next morning I examined my harvest. On the bottom of the jar was the blackest
goo you could imagine, a combination of ashes, charcoal, and niter, a grainy residue
created by boiling sap. On the top was a somewhat clearer syrup of the sweetest
flavor you could imagine. “Yes!” I said to all who could hear me. “We’ve got syrup!”
The kids were thrilled, of course; my wife, I think, less so.
As the years passed and we expanded “our” sugarbush from our front lawn, to all of
Liberty Street and North Street, to a finishing pan set up in the Heaton House back-
yard, to a real arch and evaporator on Pearl Street, and finally to a 750-tap sugarbush
in West Berlin, sugaring has become more of a collective effort involving multiple
people and better techniques. We constantly fight against the vagaries of weather
and equipment, spending hours tapping trees, collecting wood, cleaning and repair-
ing sap lines, and, of course, boiling sap down to its essence. None of this for small-
time sugarmakers such as my wife and me makes any economic sense whatsoever.
So do I regret being infected on Liberty Street at 2 am on a March workday in 1983?
Have some pure Vermont maple syrup and you will get your answer.

Photo courtesy of John Fitzhugh. Boiling Sap. Josh and his wife Wibs McLain produce about 200 gallons of maple syrup each spring on
their farm in West Berlin. Josh is a member of The Bridge’s board of directors.

have loved maple syrup all my life, but I think I became infected with the sugar-
ing bug at 2 am in March of 1983, when I was 35-years-old, my son Nick was 4,
and my daughter Eliza was a year and a half.
I was living on Liberty Street in Montpelier at the time, and we had two good-sized
maple trees on our postage stamp front lawn. It being spring, we tapped these trees,
hung a plastic milk jug on each tap and waited. I would check to see whether there
was a “run” each day when I returned from work in Burlington.
Of course, collecting sap is only part of the sugaring process. You have to boil it
down. (Every Vermonter knows the ratio of sap to syrup, so I’ll skip that bit.) My
plan was to place some bricks on the driveway, span them with the grill from the
Weber, place a turkey pan on top, pour in the sap, find some dry kindling, and start
a fire.
It was slow going, with me feeding the fire slowly and watching steam rise into the
alley between us and our neighbors. Generally, given my schedule, on weeknights
we’d start late afternoon or early evening. The kids would come out and inspect the
operation before going to bed. I’d stay up until I had something like syrup.
One night I got started late, I guess, or there was an abundance of sap. (Like a lot
of sugaring, the details are lost in the fog of sugarmaking steam. Did I say I also
enjoyed a beer while I sugared?) I fed the fire, came in, laid down on the couch, and
promptly fell asleep, only to awaken at 2 am and stumble back outside.
The night was chilly but thankfully the fire was out and hadn’t left a hole in the
macadam driveway. The sap was thick and, though I couldn’t tell then, extremely

The Bridge Seeks Revenue Developer

Help local news survive and thrive!
The Bridge is seeking help with developing and
diversifying its revenue streams, including reaching
out to new clients, creating partnerships and projects, OFFICE SPACE FOR RENT
building brand awareness, and generally supporting PERFECT LOCATION WITHIN A 3 MINUTE WALK TO CAPITAL.
the ad team. Renovated throughout. First floor handicap accessible, one rest room, and
storage. Includes private off street parking, weekly office cleaning, heat,
hot water, electricity, snow removal, landscaping and full maintenance.
A generous commission is offered. Flexible schedule Single or multiple offices starting @ $300.00 per month.
but minimum 15 hours a week required. Phone: 508-259-7941
Contact Mike Dunphy at
PAGE 24 • A PRIL 3—A PRIL 17, 2019 T HE BRID GE

Related Interests