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CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION

PART I. INSTITUTIONAL CORRECTION

EASY
1. A deduction of sentence given to prisoner in recognition of his good conduct or good behavior.
A. Parole
B. Good Conduct Time Allowance
C. Good Conduct Pass
D. All of these
2. A person convicted and sentenced to serve for not more than six months is classified as –
A. Municipal prisoner B. City prisoner
C. Insular prisoner D. Colonist
3. A continuing application of the treatment program.
A. Diversification
B. Execution of the treatment program
C. Reclassification
D. None of these
4. A finally convicted able–bodied inmates maybe required to work for at least how many hours in a day?
A. 4 hours B. 6 hours
C. 8 hours D. none of these
5. An inmate maybe excused from mandatory labor if he or she is...
A. over 55 years of age B. over 60 years of age
C. over 65 years of age D. over 70 years of age
6. An open institution usually a penal farm or camp
A. Minimum Security Institution
B. Medium Security Institution
C. Maximum Security Institution
D. None of these
7. First to use punitive imprisonment
A. England B. United States of America
C. Germany D. None of these
8. A prisoner sentenced for more than three years is under the jurisdiction of the
A. City Jail B. District Jail
C. Provincial Jail D. Bureau of Corrections
9. Detention prisoners who are awaiting judgment or trial of their case are under the supervision and control of
A. Provincial Jails
B. National Bilibid Prisons
C. Bureau of Corrections
D. Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
10. It is an institution intended to detain or house political offenders.
A. Iwahig Penal farm B. Sablayan Prison Farm
C. Davao Penal Farm D. San Ramon Prison and Penal farm
11. Intelligence and personality test are administered by-
A. Psychologist B. Psychiatrist
C. Correctional officer D. Social worker
12. For security purposes, what is the minimum required ratio in escorting an offender when in transit?
A. 1:2+2 B. 1:2+1
C. 1:1+1 D. 1:1+2
13. It exercise supervision and control over provincial jails.
A. BJMP
B. Bureau of Corrections
C. Provincial Government
D. Parole and Probation Administration
14. It insures a more careful selection of the institution in which the prisoner is to be confined.
A. Courts B. Quarantine Unit
C. Correction D. Reception and Diagnostic Center
15. The ideal ratio on escort is ____ prison guard for every ____ number of inmates.
A. 1:2 B. 1:4
C. 1:7 D. 1:12
16. The basis of this old school of penology is the human free-will.
A. Penology School B. Classical School
C. Neo-classical D. Positivist
18. It is the primary objective of custodial and security division.
A. To prevent riots
B. To implement discipline
C. To help in reformation of prisoners
D. Security

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19. How long is the duration of stay in the viewing of the deceased relative of an inmate?
A. 2 hours B. 3 hours
C. 6 hours D. 12 hours
20. A municipal warden must have the minimum rank of.
A. SJO1 B. J/INSP
C. J/SINSP D. J/CINSP
21. A person who is detained for the violation of law or ordinance and has not been convicted is a -
A. Detention Prisoner B. Provincial Prisoner
C. Municipal Prisoner D. City Prisoner
22. A person who is sentenced to serve a prison term of over three (3) years is a _________________.
A. Municipal prisoner B. Detention prisoner
C. City prisoner D. National or Insular prisoner
23. Clinical services geared toward improving inmates behavior are administered by
A. Psychiatrist B. Social Worker
C. Psychologist D. None of these
24. How many times counting of prisoner be made within 24-hours?
A. At least 3 times B. At least 4 times
C. At least 2 times D. At least 5 times
25. Ideal number of days for proper classification of newly convicted offenders at the RDC?
A. 45 days B. 30 days
C. 55 days D. 15 days
26. Prisoners whose sentences are more than three years to capital punishment are considered
A. municipal prisoners B. provincial prisoners
C. city prisoners D. insular prisoners
27. Refers to those who are confined in correctional facilities awaiting verdict in their cases
A. Prisoner B. Detainees
C. Probationer D. Offender
28. The law creating the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP) is
A. RA 8551 B. RA 9165
C. RA 6975 D. RA 4890
29. An_____ program employs prisoners in various product or good producing tasks.
A. Agricultural B. Industrial
C. Operational D. Administrative
30. Force is used only by correctional institution to:
A. exact respect B. perform assignments
C. enforce discipline D. show physical strength and power
31. An inmate maybe transferred by the Prison Director upon the recommendation of the ____ concerned to another
prison facility to bring said inmate closer to family or as part of his rehabilitation program.
A. President B. Superintendent
C. Prison Guard D. DOJ Secretary
32. In admission process of the inmates, several procedures will be followed including the registration of all information
of about the inmate. The register shall contain the following except?
A. date of admission B. reason for commitment
C. sentence D. name of the authority
33. The punishment which affords the society or the individual who was wronged, the opportunity to impose upon the
offender such suitable punishment as may be enforced
A. Reformation B. Retribution
C. Expiation D. Deterrence
34. Giving punishment to a person so to serve as an example to others is the theory of
A. Self-defense B. Social defense
C. Exemplary D. Equality
35. Infant born in prison may be allowed to stay with sentenced serving mother for-
A. 1 year B. 2 year
C. 3 years D. 4 years
36. It prison management, force is used only by correctional institutions or correctional officers in order to,
A. Exact respect
B. Enforce discipline during mass jailbreaks or riots
C. Show physical strength and power
D. Perform assignments
37. Operation conducted by the BJMP where a prisoner maybe checked at anytime.
A. Search and seizure B. Confiscation
C. Inspection D. Operation greyhound
38. Person who are deemed instrumental on the reformation of prisoners due to their daily contact with inmates?
A. Chaplain B. Warden
C. Psychologist D. Prison guards
39. A person convicted to serve 6 years imprisonment would be classified as what kind of prisoner?
A. Municipal prisoner B. Insular prisoner
C. Provincial prisoner D. Detention prisoner
40. He was the first superintendent of Elmira Reformatory.
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A. John Howard B. Zebulon Brockway
C. John Augustus D. Teodulo Natividad
41. It is given to prisoners who have returned to their places of confinement within 48 hours after a calamity.
A. Good conduct time allowance
B. Special time allowance for loyalty
C. Visitation privileges
D. Good treatment allowance
42. One of the following is an admission procedure which involves the frisking of the prisoner.
A. Identification B. Searching 
C. Briefing/Orientation D. Minimum security prisoners  
43. The features of the prison system were confinement of the prisoners in these is cells days and night.
A. Pennsylvania B. Mammertime
C. Auburn D. Alcatraz
44. Pending the submission of the investigation report, the defendant may be allowed on temporary liberty through.
A. Release on recognizance B. Bail
C. Manifestation D. Cash bond
45. The Bureau of Corrections which is headed by the Director of Corrections is under the
A. Department of Justice
B. Department of Interior and Local Government
C. Office of the President
D. None of these
47. If you have committed a crime and found guilty with it, then the court decided that you will be serving a sentence of
six months and one day. According to your sentence, on what category of prisoner do you belong?
A. Municipal prisoner B. City jail prisoner
C. Provincial prisoner D. Sentenced prisoner
48. Institution for the confinement of persons who are awaiting final disposition of their criminal cases and also for the
service of those convicted and punished with shorter sentences, usually up to three years.
A. Lock-up B. Ordinary Jail
C. Jail D. Work house
49. Introduces profit margin and religion congregate loan with efficient discipline permitted to set up factory style
working conditions and become the first prison to achieve a profitable work program.
A. Pennsylvania B. Auburn
C. Walnut street jail D. Sins sing prison
50. A security camp that houses prisoners whose sentence are 20 years and above, life termers or those under capital
punishment, those with pending cases, those under disciplinary punishment, those whose cases are on appeal, and
those under detention;
A. Maximum Security Camp B. Medium Security Camp
C. Minimum Security Camp D. None of these
51. A correctional institution that has the authority to detain convicted offenders for longer or extended period of time,
including those who are waiting their death sentence.   
A. Halfway house B. Farm house
C. Jail  D. Prison   
52. A satellite unit of NBP that houses the Mediums Security Risk prisoner located near the Reception and Diagnostic
Center (RDC) and Youth Rehabilitation Center.
A. Camp Sampaguita B. Camp Bukang Liwayway
C. Camp Abelon D. Camp Abubakar
53. A ___, also called a 'block' or 'isolation cell', used to separate unruly, dangerous, or vulnerable prisoners from the
general population, also sometimes used as punishment.
A. Segregation Unit  B. Reception Unit
C. Quarantine Unit D. Cell 45   
54. It is regarded as the most important program that aids in the rehabilitation or prisoners
A. Recreational program B. Religious program
C. Educational program D. Employment of prisoners
55. Classification of an inmate as to entitlement who has served imprisonment with good conduct for a period equivalent
to 1/5 of the maximum term or of his prison sentence or those who served 7 years in the case of those who was meted
with the penalty of life sentence.
A. First class inmates B. Second Class inmates
C. Third class inmates D. Colonist
56. Elmira Correctional Facility, known otherwise as ___, is a maximum security prison located in New York in the USA.
The prison is located in Chemung County, New York in the City of Elmira.
A. “The school” B. “The hill” 
C. “The rock” D. “The dungeon” 
57. Formerly it is a fortress of defense in Paris France and it was a symbol of absolutism before the French revolution but
in 17th century it was converted as prisons on where hundreds of political prisoners are tortured and died.
A. Gulag of Russia B. Bastille Prisons
C. Toul Sleng Prisons D. Insein Prisons
58. A correctional institution that has the authority to detain persons awaiting trial or adjudication or confine convicted
offenders   for a short period of time.    
A. Halfway houses B. Penal colonies
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C. Jails    D. All of these   
59. If the color of the maximum Security prisoner is Tangerine, Medium Security Prisoner is Blue, What color is the
uniform for the Minimum Security?
A. Brown B. Gray
C. Orange D. Stripe White and Orange
60. It involves supervision of prisoners to insure punctual and orderly movement from the dormitories, place of work,
hospital and churches in accordance with the daily schedules.
A. Control B. Custody
C. Discipline D. Inspection  
61. It is amendment and penitence model of prison built in 1820’s were communication among the prisoners was next to
impossible, prisoners are individually isolated.
A. Pennsylvania system B. Auburn Prison
C. Mammertime Prison D. Justinian Prison
62. It is a method whereby a prisoner has been released from correctional facilities either temporary or absolute to which
acceptance of the members of the society is expected.
A. Community participation B. Community Participation
C. Reintegration D. Community backing
63. The act of prisoner trying to convert or induce another to change his religious beliefs, sect or the like to another while
under confinement is referred to as
A. Proselytizing B. Initiation
C. Fraternization D. Inducement
64. The decree that formally opened the Old Bilibid Prison which was constructed as the main penitentiary on Oroquieta
Street, Manila and designed to house the prison population of the country. This prison became known as the “Carcel y
Presidio Correccional” and could accommodate 1,127 prisoners.
A. Royal Decree of 1865 B. Revised Administrative Code
C. Royal Decree of 1905 D. Royal Decree of 1869
65. The Director of Prison at Valencia, Spain in 1835 who divided prisoners into companies and appointed them as petty
officers; also, he allowed the reduction of inmate’s sentence by 1/3 for good behavior.
A. John Howard B. Dometz of France
C. Alexander Macanochie D. Manuel Montesimos
66. The idea that re-entry of an offender should be in the mainstream of society rather than the usual abrupt re-entry at
the end of a prison sentence.
A. Reintegration   B. Deterrence
C. Incapacitation D. Rehabilitation       
67. The imprisonment a convicted offender may serve, at the rate of PhP8.00 a day subject to certain rules, for failure to
pay a fine and if ordered to do so by the judgment is referred to as 
A. Subsidiary imprisonment  B. Secondary imprisonment
C. Preventive imprisonment D. None of the above  
68. The Panopticon is a type of prison building designed by English philosopher Jeremy Bentham in 1785. The concept
of the design was derived from the word meaning of “pan” and “opticon”. “Opticon’ means:
A. To allow an observer to observe
B. Without the prisoner
C. Avoid watching
D. To walk in military manner 
69. The period of deducted sentence granted to a prisoner who escaped on the occasion of disorder arising from
conflagrations, earthquakes or catastrophe where he voluntarily surrender within 48 hours following the issuance of a
proclamation announcing the termination such disorder.
A. 1/5 period of sentence B. 1/3 period of the sentence
C. ½ period of the sentence D. 1/8 period of the sentence
70. The prisoners who cannot be trusted in open condition and maybe
allowed to work outside the fence or walls of the penal institution but under guards or escorts are known as:
A. Medium Security Prisoners B. Maximum Security Prisoners
C. Minimum Security Prisoners D. Super Maximum Security Prisoners
71. The privilege to view the deceased relative is permitted if the wake is in the place within a radius 30 km by road from
the prison, if more than 30 km, the privilege may be extended in the inmate provided the inmate can return to his place of
confinement during_______________ hours of the same day.
A. Sunlight B. Morning
C. AftTop of Formernoon D. Daylight
72. The procedure in admitting prisoners which purpose is to insure that the person being committed is the same as the
person being named in the commitment order.
A. Receiving B. checking of commitment papers
C. Searching D. Identification
73. The procedure in the admission of prisoners the purpose of which is to make sure that documents contains the
signature of the judge or the signature of the clerk of court, and the seal of the court is termed as:
A. Receiving B. Checking of commitment papers
C. Searching D. Identification
74. The putting of offenders in prison for the purpose of protecting the public and at the same time rehabilitating them by
requiring the latter to undergo institutional treatment program is referred to as:
A. Imprisonment   B. Trial
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C. Conviction D. Detention   
75. These refers to information concerning an inmate’s personal circumstances, such as the offense committed,
imposed sentence, criminal case number in the trial, date of the commencement of the service of sentence and other
analogous information.
A. Prison Record B. Carpeta
C. Prisoner’s record D. Inmate’s Record
76. The society is protected from the further depredations of criminals if they are all imprisoned immediately after
committing a crime”. This justification of penalty is known as
A. Expiation B. Reformation
C. Deterrence D. Protection.
77. This group consists of chronic troublemakers but not as dangerous as the super security prisoners.  They are
not allowed to work outside the institution.
A. Maximum security prisoners B. Super security prisoners
C. Minimum security prisoners D. Medium security prisoners 
78. This is group of prisoners who may be allowed to work outside the fence of the institution under guard escorts.
Generally they are employed as agricultural workers.
A. Medium security prisoners B. Minimum Security Prisoners
C. Maximum Security Prisoners D. None of the above
79. What Prison system that is consisted in the solitary confinement of the prisoners in their own cells day and night
where they lived, slept, received religious instruction or read the bible, and given the work and also known as separate
system?
A. Pennsylvania Prison System B. Auburn Prison System
C. Walnut Street D. Auburn System
80. Which of the following is a maximum security prison in Ossining, New York, USA? It is located approximately 30 miles
(48 km) North of New York City on the banks of the Hudson River which the Auburn Prison system was applied
A. Alcatraz prison B. Sing Sing Prison 
C. Walnut Street Jail D. Silver Mine Farm   
81. Which of these authorizes the release of a detainee who has undergone preventive imprisonment equivalent to the
maximum imposable sentence for the offense he is charged with
A. B.P. Blg. 85 B. PD 29
C. B.P. 22 D. PD 968
82. In terms of service of sentence of a prisoner, his case may be reviewed by BPP for possible communication of
sentence if he has served:
A. One-third (1/3) of the definite or aggregate prison term
B. One-half (1/2) of the maximum of his prison sentence.
C. One-third (1/3) of the minimum of his indeterminate sentence.
D. One-half (1/2) of the minimum of his definite prison sentence.
83. The end purpose of classification is –
A. To orient new inmates for prison life
B. To prepare inmates for prison life
C. To develop integrated and realistic program for prison
D. All of these
84. The following procedures of admission is undertaken by the staff for every prisoner entrusted to their custody except:
A. Checking of commitment papers
B. Establishing the identity of the prisoner
C. Searching the prisoner
D. Diversifying
85. The infamous gulag prison in Germany was the place where thousands of Jews were slaughtered during the reign of
Adolf Hitler.
A. Gulag of Russia B. Gulag Prison of Aleksandr Solzhenisyn
C. Gulag of Germany D. The gulag of Banaue
85. The special group of prisoners composed of incorrigibles and highly dangerous persons are also known as:
A. Maximum Security Prisoners
B. Medium Security Prisoners
C. Super maximum security prisoners
D. None of the above
87. An inmate shall be transferred to a separation center for adjustment process from life in prison to life in free
community within –
A. 60 days prior to release B. 30 days prior to release
C. 90 days before release D. 15 days prior to release
88. A prison model which sought penitence (hence the term penitentiaries) through total individual isolation and silence.
A. Pennsylvania Prison Model  B. Auburn Prison Model
C. Work Release D. Halfway Houses  
89. Except one, joined the June 1962 Alcatraz escape was a prison escape attempt by American criminalsusing an
inflatable raft.
A. Clarence Anglin,  B. John Anglin
C. FrankMorris D. David Gilmour
90. How many years of service of sentence for a first time offenders meted with life imprisonment may be classified as
Medium Security.
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A. 2 years B. 3 years
C. 4 years D. 5 Years
91. If the inmate agrees to abide by the same disciplinary rules upon convicted prisoners, he shall be asked to manifest
his
A. Certification B. Certification in writing
C. Agreement in writing D. None of the above
92. In prison, it is commonly through of a procedure to prevent escapes, riots and disorders and the punishment of those
involved.
A. Preventive discipline B. Negative discipline
C. Positive discipline D. Harsh discipline
93. Is that kind of prisoners discipline applied after an offense has been committed, in these that may cases, and
punishment does not enter.
A. Negative discipline B. Positive discipline
C. Harsh discipline D. All of the above
94. The following personal effect of inmates that can be brought by him into the prison facilities for common use with
other inmates, Except:
A. Cassette B. Electric Fan
C. Television D. Air conditioners
95. The systems of prison were the confinement of the prisoners in single cells at night and congregate work in stop
during the day.
A. Pennsylvania prison B. Auburn prison 
C. Elmira reformatory D. Alcatraz prison   
96. This refers to the manner or practice of managing or controlling the rehabilitation and reformation of prisoners.
A. Penal Management B. Corrections Administration
C. Penal Justification D. Corrections Justification
97. Use of telephone of inmate in prison after showing a good behavior is earned after 90 days. In such case an inmate is
entitled to:
A. 5 minutes B. 3 minutes
C. Not exceeding 5 minutes D. Not exceeding 3 minutes
98. Who is the Director of the Irish Prison who introduced the Irish system that modified the Maconochies Mark System?
A. Manuel Montesimus B. Walter Crofton
C. Domets of France D. Zebulon Brockway
99. A prison model where incarcerated persons are allowed to work outside the institution that houses them.
A. Pennsylvania Prison Model B. Auburn Prison Model 
C. Work Release D. Halfway Houses      
100. Are prisoners who cannot be trusted in open conditions and pose less danger to society if they escape;
A. Medium security prisoner B. Minimum Security Prisoner
C. Maximum Security Prisoner D. None of the above

MODERATE
1. A criminal can seek refuge in a church in order to avoid punishment in a period of ninety days. This refers to?
A. Refuge B. Securing sanctuary
C. Hidden church D. Claiming penitentiary
2. An institution for the imprisonment of persons convicted of major offenses refers to
A. Jail B. Prison
C. Penitentiary D. All of these
3. A prison model where incarcerated persons are allowed to work outside the institution that houses them.
A. Pennsylvania Prison Model B. Auburn Prison Model
C. Work Release D. Halfway Houses
4. In managing the prison facility, prison work assignments are usually given to prisoners,
A. At early morning hours
B. Before meals and recreational activities
C. Before sleeping hours
D. During middle hours of the day
5. It is referred to as Open Prison Conditions. In the Philippines, Camp “Bukang Liwayway” is an example of this
A. Super Maximum Prison B. Medium Security Prison
C. Maximum Security Prison D. Minimum Security Prison
6. In the exercise of religious beliefs of prisoners, a prison official trying to covert a prisoner to change his religion, this
acts refers to...
A. Reparation B. Restitution
C. Compensation D. Proselytizing
7. Sablayan Penal Colony and Farm is at Occ. Mindoro, Iwahig is located at:
A. Zamboanga B. Abuyog
C. San Ramon D. Palawan
8. A correctional institution that has the authority to detain convicted offenders for longer or extended period of time,
including t8hose who are waiting their death sentence.
A. Halfway house B. Farm house
C. Jail D. Prison
9. Code originated about 500 A.D., specified punishment according to the social classes of offenders, dividing them into
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nobles, middle and lower classes and specifying the value of life of each person in society according to his social status;
A. Code of King Hammurabi B. Code of Kalantiaw
C. Burgundian Code D. None of the above
10. Every violation of jail/prison discipline shall be dealt with accordingly. In extreme cases, where the violation
necessitate immediate action, the warden or the Officer of the Day may administer the necessary restraints and reports
the action taken to the Disciplinary Board. The statement refers to:
A. an emergency plan B. an Standard Operating Procedure
C. a general rule D. not applicable to prisoners
11. He was the Director of Prisons at Valencia, Spain in 1835, who divided prisoners into companies and appointed
prisoners as petty officers in charge; allowed reduction of the inmate sentence by one third (1/3) for good behavior,
offered trade training to prepare the convicts for return to society;
A. Manuel Montesimos B. Zebulon R. Brockway
C. Cesar Becarria D. Alexander Macanochie
12. In jail management, this is an operation conducted by the BJMP wherein a prisoner maybe checked at any time. His
beddings, lockers and personal belongings may also be opened at anytime, in his presence, whenever possible. This
practice is known as:
A. Check and balance B. Standard Operating Procedure
C. Inventory D. Operation Greyhound
13. In what period when the first house of correction appeared in England, on the petition of Bishop Ridley of London for
help in dealing with the sturdy vagabonds of the city, the king gave his place, for the lewd and idle, and a place for the
employment of the unemployed and the training of children?
A. Middle of the 16th century B. First half of the 15th century
C. Middle of the 17th century D. First half of the 6th century
14. Take charge of financial matters especially in programming, budgeting, accounting and other activities related to
financial services. It consolidates and prepares financial reports and related statements of subsistence outlays and
disbursements in the operational of the jail.
A. Budget and finance branch B. General services branches
C. Property and supply branch D. Mess services branch
15. What is the dual purpose of the Correctional System here in the Philippines?
A. To punish and Rehabilitate B. To Rehabilitate and Retaliate
C. To Retaliate and Revenge D. To Punish and to imprison
16. This school of Penology, which Beccaria made the first significant contributions and to which Rousseau,
Montsequieu, and Voltaire belonged, maintained the doctrine of psychological hedonism, that the individual calculates
pleasures and pains in advance of action and regulates his conduct by the results of his calculations. That since
punishments must be one that can be calculated, it must be same for all individuals, regardless of age, mentality, social
status, or other conditions. This is the –
A. Classical School B. Positive School
C. Penology School D. Neo-Classical School
17. When there was a tremendous problem in the increase of the population of the inmates in New Bilibid Prison, the
president decided to allocate another piece of land somewhere in Occidental Mindoro to cater the problem of the
population increase which is now known as Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm. This event took occur on?
A. November 27, 1929 B. September 27, 1954
C. September 27, 1945 D. November 27, 1973
18. A maximum security institution is:
A. No wall but surrounded by wire fence of the industrial type an majority of the prisoners in outside cells or
dormitories
B. A farm or camp
C. Walled majority of the prisoners confined in cells
D. None of the above
19. A prison facility that receives newly committed national male prisoners and the entry point of all incoming prisoners
who will be subjected to distribution to the operation institutions, located within the Medium Security Compound of New
Bilibid Prison;
A. Inmate Classification Center
B. Reception and Diagnostic Center
C. Inmate Reception and Education Center
D. None of these
20. Following are privileges of detention sentenced prisoners, except.
A. To wear their own clothes while in confinement
B. To receive visitors during day time on prescribed
C. To cigars and cigarettes everywhere
D. To be treated in a government or private hospital with authority by the court.
21. A married prisoner is visited by his wife and they are granted time for their marital sexual obligations. This privilege is
called?
A. Conjugal vacation B. Conjugal partnership
C. Conjugal privilege D. Conjugal visit
22. Instrument of restraint shall be applied only-
A. For killing co-inmate
B. For serious infraction of the rule
C. To prevent escape as way to court trial
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D. When prisoners becomes behaviorally uncooperative
23. The idea that re-entry of an offender should be in the mainstream of society rather than the usual abrupt re-entry at
the end of a prison sentence.
A. Reintegration B. Deterrence
C. Incapacitation D. Rehabilitation
24. Justice according to the Supreme Court is symbolically represented by a blindfolded woman holding a sword and
with a balance, meaning it is?
A. Administered with respect to persons
B. Administered without respect to persons, equality to poor and the rich
C. Administered without respect to persons. Equality to poor people
D. Administered with respect to persons, Equality and Treatment
25. An agency under the Department of Justice that is charged with custody and rehabilitation of national offenders, that
is, those sentenced to serve a term of imprisonment of more than three (3) years
A. Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
B. Bureau of Corrections
C. Provincial Government
D. Parole and Probation Administration
26. The imprisonment a convicted offender may serve, at the rate of a certain amount per day subject to certain rules, for
failure to pay a fine and if ordered to do so by the judgment is referred to as
A. Subsidiary imprisonment B. Secondary Imprisonment
C. Preventive Imprisonment D. None of these
27. Iwahig Prison and Penal; Farm was one the world’s known Prison without walls, which is primarily established to
serve all the incorrigible inmates in new Bilibid Prison but problems arises because the first contingent revolted against
the authority, that why the Philippine Commission converted the prison to a colony for well-behaved inmates. This event
was made possible through the authority of:
A. Reorganization Act 1470 B. Reorganization Act 1407
C. Reorganization Act 1740 D. Reorganization Act 1704
28. Upon arrival, the prisoner is ushered in the Receiving Office of the Inmate and Education Center at the New Bilibid
Prison and other prison authorized to admit the prisoners. The following documents shall be presented accordingly by
the escorting party of the prisoner, except one;
A. Commitment Order of the Court
B. Information filed by the City/provincial Fiscal
C. Court Decision of the Case
D. Warrant of Arrest Issued by the Court
29. The following are authorized to order or approve the release of prisoners, except one;
A. The Supreme Court of the Philippines or lower court in cases of acquittal of the accused prisoner or grant of
bail.
B. The President of the Philippines in cases of executive clemency or amnesty.
C. The Director of the Bureau of Corrections upon the expiration of the sentence of the prisoner.
D. None of these
30. The following are privileges given to prisoners upon admission as inmates, except one;
A. Good conduct time allowance to reduce his prison sentence.
B. To attend or participate in any entertainment or athletic competition in the facility
C. To accommodate visitors in his own quarters.
D. To receive gifts and prepared food from his visitors, subject for inspection
31. The following are the Privileges of an Inmate, except one…
A. attend or participate in any entertainment or athletic activity within the prison reservation
B. participate in civic, religious, and other activities authorize by prison authorities
C. to receive authorize visitors
D. receives gifts and prepared food from visitors subject to inspection.
32. The following are the Rights of an Inmate, except one…
A. to receive compensation for labor they performs
B. to be credited with time allowances for good conduct and loyalty
C. to send and receive mail matters
D. read books and other reading materials in the library
33. These are the objectives of the BJMP which one is not included:
A. To improve the living conditions of the offenders in accordance with the accepted standards set by the United
Nations.
B. To enhance rehabilitation and reformation of offenders in preparation for their eventual reintegration into the
mainstream of society upon their release.
C. To professionalize jail services.
D. None of these
34. The Superintendent of the prison may authorize an inmate to be taken out of prison in the following instances, except
one:
A. to appear in court or other government agency as directed by the competent authority
B. for attending the need of his immediate family in the hospital in the case of emergency
C. for medical examination/treatment or hospitalization in an outside clinic or hospital
D. to view the remains of a deceased relative
35. Under the Philippine Republic after World War II, two more prisons were created to decongest the over-crowded
Correctional Administration BTY 8
condition of the New Bilibid Prison. Established in the following year respectively, September 27, 1954 and January 16,
1973;
A. Sablayan Penal Colony and Leyte Regional Prison
B. San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm and Iwahig Penal Colony
C. Iwahig Penal Colony and Leyte Regional Prison
D. Sablayan Penal Colony and San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm
36. Upon arrival and before admission, an inmate is given a “shakedown”. Shakedown means…
A. His commitment papers are delivered to the record clerk
B. Identification by fingerprinting and photographing of an inmate
C. Examination for contraband
D. None of these
37. What does classical theory provides?
A. Criminal behavior is inherited and therefore could be controlled by regulating the reproduction of families
B. Criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in the process of communication
C. Crime and delinquency are symptoms of social and penalty disorders
D. The basis for criminal liability is human free will and the purpose of penalty is retribution
38. What is the modern concept of Penology?
A. Be educated in a formal schooling
B. Punished inside the correctional institution
C. Reformation of offenders in a form of cruel punishment
D. Treated based on the treatment and rehabilitation program.
39. Which of the following are the functions of correction?
A. Detection, Arrest and Safekeeping
B. Preliminary Investigation, Acts as counsel and Rehabilitation
C. Safekeeping, Rehabilitation and Education
D. Final Adjudication, Issue warrant and Custodial
40. Which of the following are the major goals of correction?
A. Punishment, confinement, retribution, treatment
B. Retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation
C. Deterrence, punishment, incapacitation, treatment
D. Deterrence, retribution, punishment, treatment
41. A correctional facility of the Bucor that was established on January 16, 1973 to serve the convicted offender whose
penalty is more than three years in Abuyog.
A. Leyte Regional Prison and Penal Farm
B. Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm
C. Iwahig Penal Colony
D. None of the above.
42. An agency under the Department of Justice that is charged with custody and rehabilitation of national offenders, that
is, those sentenced to serve a term of imprisonment of more than three (3) years
A. BJMP    B. Bureau of Corrections 
C. Provincial Government  D. Parole and Probation Administration 
43. A person who is sentence to served imprisonment for not more than three years to pay a fine if not more than one
thousand persons or both fine and imprisonment.
A. City prisoner B. Provincial Prisoner
C. Local Prisoner D. Municipal Prisoner
44. A unit of the prison or a section of the RDC where the prisoner is given thorough physical examination including blood
test, x-rays, vaccinations and immunity is the:
A. Quarantine cell  B. NBP
C. Death row D. Control Area
45. Ernesto Enriquez was admitted to the Reception and Diagnostic Center for him to undergo Physical Examination,
Orientation of Prison Rules and being interviewed by a counselor or social worker that is conducted in private was placed
under quarantine for haw many days?
A. 5 days B. 10 days
C. 15 days D. 20 days
46. The New Bilibid Prison, the Correctional Institution for Women (CIW), Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm, and Sablayan
Prison and Penal Farm are all under this agency.    
A. BJMP    B. Bureau of Corrections 
C. Provincial Government  D. Department of Justice   
47. The process of determining the needs and requirements of prisoners for assigning them to programs according to
their existing resources is called: A. Classification B. Quarantine
C. Diversification  D. Quality control    
48. What is the total estimated land area of Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm that was established in September 27, 1954
by virtue of proclamation number 72 issued by the President due to tremendous increase of population in New Bilibid
Prison?
A. 16,000 hectares B. 36,000 hectares
C. 18,000 hectares D. 1,546 hectares
49. Who from among the following has the authority to approved transfer of an inmate found to be suffering from mental
illness or is insane to mental hospital?
A. Prison Superintendent B. President
Correctional Administration BTY 9
C. Prison Director D. Secretary of Justice
50. Who is the Director of the English Prison who opened the Borstal Institution for young offenders? The Borstal
Institution is considered as the best reform institution for young offenders today.
A. Evelyn Brise   B. Manuel Montesimos 
C. Zebulon Brockway  D. Walter Crofton   
51. A special group of prisoners composed of incorrigible, intractable and dangerous persons who are so difficult to
manage inside prisons.
A. Medium Security prisoners
B. Maximum security prisoners 
C. Super maximum security prisoners
D. Minimum Security Prisoners 
52. It is a special unit in prison where by newly arrived prisoners will be admitted for diagnostic examination, observation
A. Reception and Diagnostic Center 
B. Medium Security Compound
C. Maximum Security Compound
D. Minimum Security Compound                 
53. The Camp Sampaguita of the national Bilibid Prison houses
A. Super Maximum Security Prisoners     
B. Maximum Security Prisoners
C. Medium Security Prisoners      
D. Minimum Security Prisoners                 
54. What correctional facilities of the Bucor comprising an estimated total land area of 18,000 hectares?
A. San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm
B. Iwahig Penal Colony
C. Davao Prison and Penal Farm
D. Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm
55. Where a newly committed insular prisoner undergoes diagnosis and treatment as part of the classification process?
A. Reception and diagnostic center (RDC)
B. Medical Center
C. treatment Center
D. Diagnostic and Treatment Center
56. Who among the following is a provincial prisoner?
A. A prisoner serving a term below six (6) years
B. A prisoner serving a term of six (6) years and up
C. A prisoner serving a term of six (6) months and one (1) day to three (3) years   
D. A prisoner serving a term of three (3) years and one (1) day   
57. Diversification means
A. Proper integration of prisoners
B. Proper classification of prisoners
C. Proper segregation of prisoners  
D. Welfare of prisoners   
58. Expedit was convicted by the competent court and was sentenced to serve an imprisonment of 1 month to 3 years.
Under PD # 29, he is classified as a
A. Municipal prisoner B. Provincial prisoner
C. City prisoner D. National prisoner
59. Prisoners sentenced from one day to three years or a fine of not more than one thousand pesos are categorized as-
A. Insular Prisoner B. City Prisoner
C. Provincial Prisoner D. None of these
60. The Custodial Division is charged with the security of prisoners, which of the following is considered as the
commanding officers?
A. Security officers B. Senior prison guards
C. Supervisor prison guards D. Prison guards
61. The principle of separating homogeneous type of prisoners that requires special treatment and custody is called:
A. Classification B. Distinction
C. Diversification D. Differentiation
62. The staff member in the RDC who is responsible for the evaluation of the character and behavior of the prisoner is:
A. Chaplain B. Psychiatrist
C. Psychologist D. Custodial-correctional officer
63. What law renamed the Bureau of Prison to Bureau of Correction during the Aquino administration in the Philippines?
A. E.O 727 B. E.O 292
C. E.O 645 D. E.O 104     
64. A satellite unit of the New Bilibid Prisons (NBP) that houses minimum security risk prisoners.
A. Camp Sampaguita B. Camp Bukang Liwayway
C. Camp Abelon D. Camp Abubakar
65. He wrote his book “State of the Prisons” and he was also considered as the great prison reformer.
A. John Howard  B. John Augustus
C. William Penn D. Domets of France   
66. Prisoners whose sentences are more than three years to capital punishment are considered   
A. Municipal prisoners B. Provincial prisoners
Correctional Administration BTY 10
C. City prisoners D. Insular prisoners   
67. What is the name of the prison institution situated in Zamboanga, named after Capt. Blanco of the Spanish Royal
Army?
A. Old Bilibid Prison B. Sablayan Prisons and Penal Farm
C. Iwahig Penal Farm         D. San Ramon Prison & Penal Farm       
68. A place of confinement for persons awaiting trial or court action and where the convicted offenders serve short
sentences or penalty of imprisonment is known as
A. Jail B. Lock-up
C. Penitentiary D. Detention Cells
69. A procedure that is conducted in jail and in prison where an inmate upon arrival at the place of confinement will be
stripped out for search of contrabands.
A. Operation Shakedown B. Operation Bakal
C. Operation Greyhound D. Operation Shakedown.
70. A warrant issued by the court bearing its seal and signature of the judge directing the jail or prison authorities to
receive the convicted offender for service of sentence or detention is known as –
A. Mittimus B. Detention Mittimus
C. Sentence Mittimus D. Detention Warrant
71. The entrusting for confinement or an offender to a jail by competent court or authority for investigation, trial and or
service of sentence is referred to as
A. Commitment B. Detention
C. Imprisonment D. Recognizance
72. This is a procedure which permits a jail prisoner to pursue his normal job during the week and return to the jail to
serve his sentence during the weekend or non-working hours.
A. Amnesty B. Good conduct time allowance
C. Probation D. Delayed sentence  
73. Which is a place of confinement for persons awaiting trial or court action and where the convicted offenders serve
short sentences or penalty of imprisonment?
A. Jail       B. Lock-up
C. Penitentiary D. Detention Cells 
74. What is the type of Jails under the Supervision of the BJMP?
A. Lock up Jails B. Provincial and sub-Provincial Jails
C. City and Municipal Jails   D. Insular Jails   
75. Provincial Jails were first established in 1910 under the American Regime. At present, who supervises and controls
the said jails?
A. BJMP B. DOJ
C. Provincial Government D. LGU
76. What government agency that supervises the administration and operation of the Bureau of Jail Management and
Penology?
A. DOJ B. DILG
C. DND D. All of the above
77. What is the privilege of the visiting husband or wife that the jail will allow for sexual intercourse?
A. Conjugal visit B. Parental Visit
C. Marital Visit D. Privilege visit
78. What kind of program employs prisoners in various product or good producing tasks?
A. Agricultural        B. Operational
C. Industrial   D. Administrative  
79. Which among the following is not one of the stages of Irish System
A. A new prisoner was classified as second grade
B. Solitary confinement of prisoners for 9 mos., receiving reduced diet and monotony work, that gradually
progressing to a better treatment toward the end of the first stage.
C. Assignment to public works in association with other convicts.
D. Sending to a place which was a sort of preparation for release, where the prisoner worked without
custodial supervision and exposing him to ordinary temptations of freedom; and
80. What prison established on Nov. 16, 1904?
A. The Correctional Institution for Woman
B. The Davao Prison and Penal Farm
C. The Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm
D. The Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm
81. Which among the following is The Reorganization Act of 1907:
A. Law creating the Bureau of Corrections
B. Law creating the Department of Commerce and Police (Act No. 1407 of 1905 placing Bureau of Prisons under
its control
C. Law creating the New Bilibid Prisons
D. Prison law of the Philippines creating the Bureau of Prisons
82. Which of the following prison facility of the BuCorr comprising of an estimated total land area of 1,546 hectares?
A. Iwahig Penal Colony
B. Davao Prison and Penal Farm
C. San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm
D. Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm
Correctional Administration BTY 11
83. It detains minimum custody offenders serving short sentence with constructive work programs. It provides full
employment of prisoners, remedial services and constructive leisure time activities.
A. Workhouse, jail arm or camp house
B. Staff house, Jail facilities
C. Workshop, jail arm or campus
D. None of the above
84. It direct, supervise and control the administration and operation of all district, city and municipal jails to implement a
better system of jail management nationwide
A. Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
  B. Department of Justice
C. Bureau of Corrections
D. Parole and Probation Administration      
85. Takes charge of financial matters especially in programming, budgeting, accounting, and other activities related to
financial services.  It consolidates and prepares financial reports and related statements of subsistence outlays and
disbursements in he operational of the jail.
A. Budget and finance branch B. General services branch
C. Property and supply branch D. Mess services branch              
86. The group having the responsibility of providing a system of sound custody, security and control of inmates and their
movements and also responsible to enforce prison or jail discipline is the:
A. Security group for jails  B. Escort Platoon
C. Control Center groups D. Warden    
87. A warrant issued by the court bearing its seal and the signature of a judge, directing the jail or prison authorities to
receive inmates for custody or service of sentence imposed is called
A. Court Order B. Commitment Order
C. Court Decision D. Confinement Order
88. The National Bilibid Prison was first constructed at the Manila before it was transferred to Muntilupa City today the
former Penal Colony in Manila was diverted into a:
A. May Haligue State B. Manila City Jail
C. Boys Town D. None of these
89. The sheriff of Bedsfordshire in 1773 who devoted his life and fortune to prison reform. After his findings on English
Prisons, he recommended the following: single cells for sleeping, segregation of women, segregation of youth, provision
of sanitation facilities, and abolition of fee system by which jailers obtained money from prisoners.
A. John Howard  B. Robert Peel
C. William Penn D. Manuel Montesimos    
90. They were known as Bridewells, which started in 1553 and served as training schools for delinquent youths, provided
housing and support for older and poorer persons, and detained vagrants.
A. House of Corrections B. Workhouses
C. Common jails D. Penal colonies  
91. This charge of financial matters especially in programming, inputting, accounting and other activities related to
financial service, it consolidates and prepared financial reports and related statement of subsistence in the operation of
the jails.
A. Mess Service Branch B. Budget and finance branch
C. Food Branch D. All of the above
92. This facility houses prisoners convicted of offenses which the punishment does not exceed 3 years of imprisonment
and those with pending cases before the courts, it is administered and run by the personnel of the BJMP.
A. Ordinary Jail B. Workhouse Jail
C. Lock up Jails D. Jail Farm or Camp
93. This statute was the beginning of the modern prison system in the US, for it is established the philosophy that was
the basis for the Pennsylvania and Auburn Prison System. Inmate worked for an 8-10 hours a day in their cells, and they
were paid for their work.
A. The Walnut Street Jail B. The Cherry Hill
C. The Auburn System D. Auburn Prison System
94. Which is a warrant issued by the court bearing its seal and signature of the judge directing the jail or prison
authorities to receive the convicted offender for service of sentence or detention?
A. Mittimus B. Detention Mittimus
C. Sentence Mittimus  D. Detention Warrant   
95. Who is tasked with the gathering and collecting of information and other data of every prisoner into a case study to
determine the work assignment, the type supervision and degree of custody and restriction under which an offender
must live in jail?
A. Classification Board B. Board of Custody
C. Diagnostic Board D. Treatment Board
96. After meals, what is done with the utensils of the prisoners?
A. Utensils will be collected by the jail guard personnel.
B. The jail guard should Wash the utensils
C. The jail guard should not allow the prisoners to use utensils
D. Utensils must be secured before meals
97. A standard minimum qualification of a Jail officer to be appointed as a District Jail Warden?
A. Have a rank of at least Jail Superintendent
B. Have an initial rank of Chief Inspector
Correctional Administration BTY 12
C. Have a mandatory supervisory training
D. None of these
98. Inmates who commit suicide are considered as in any of the following:
A. Liability of the jail administration.
B. Responsibility of the relative of the victim
C. Liability of the relatives of the victim
D. All of the above
99. Which agency exercise supervision and direction over jail management training institute.
A. Philippine Public Safety College
B. BJMP Training facilities
C. National Defense
D. Philippine National Police
100. Which among the following statement is wrong?
A. Jail is managed by BJMP while Prison is managed by BuCor;
B. Jail is created under RA 6975 or The DILG Act of 1990, while Prison was created under the Reorganization
Act of 1907 otherwise known as The Prison Law;
C. Jail shall be headed by the Director of BJMP, while Prison is headed by Dir. of Prison;
D. District Jail is headed by a Warden, while Penal farm is headed by a Penal Director

DIFFICULT
1. Which of the following statement DOES NOT AGREE to the basic principle of correction?
A. Seek to promote discipline and to secure the reformation, and safe custody of inmates
B. Justice shall be applied partially to all concern regardless of disposition in life.
C. Without discrimination on grounds of race, colors, genders, language, religion or other opinion, nationality or
social origin, property, birth and or other status, justice shall be applied impartially,.
D. Justice shall be enforced with firmness but tempered with understanding.
2. Juan Manalo was convicted by final judgment to serve the term of imprisonment for 20 years. While serving his sixth
year of imprisonment, an earthquake rocked the prison and several inmates escaped. Roberto returned the following day,
how many years would be deducted from his sentence?
A. 4 years B. 8 years
C. 9 years D. 11 years
3. Marion is convicted at Camp Sampaguita, he got sick for fever and cold, as a correctional officer what be your proper
action?
A. Pray for him B. Ask for medical attention
C. Let him die D. Call for a medical doctor
4. The Davao prison and Penal Farm was the founded and led by Gen Paulino Santos. It has a land area of 18,000
hectares mostly devoted for the production of Abaca. On what year, the Davao Prison and Penal Farm were reestablished
after the massive destruction done by the Japanese?
A. 1932 B. 1931
C. 1946 D. 1942
5. Mr. Tinanga died because of his own negligence; can inmate Tinanga avail the privilege of pecuniary aid?
A. Yes, he is qualified to said benefits
B. No, because the cause of his death is uncertain;
C. Yes, because he was killed during his preventive imprisonment;
D. No, because the cause of death of Tinanga is due to his negligence
6. This school of thought denied individuals responsibility and reflected as essentially non-punitive reaction to crime and
criminality. Since the criminal was held to be not responsible for his acts. He must not be punished. The adherence of
this school maintained that a crime, as any other act, is a natural phenomenon.
A. Positive school B. Neo-classical school
C. Classical School D. All of these
7. This takes care of the social case work study of the individual prisoners by making interviews, home visits referral to
community resources free legal services and liaison works for the inmates.
A. Work and Education Therapy Services
B. Socio-Cultural Services
C. Guidance and Counseling Services
D. Medical and Health Services Branch
8. This branch of service also conducts psychiatric and psychological examination.
A. Work and Education Therapy Services
B. Socio-Cultural Services
C. Guidance and Counseling Services
D. Medical and Health Services
9. This person believes that whatever punishment designed to negate whatever pleasure or gain the criminal derives from
crime, the crime rate would go down.
A. Jeremy Bentham B. Cesare Beccaria
C. Voltaire D. Charles Montesiquieu
10. This is a harsh code that provides the same punishment for both citizens and the slaves as it incorporates primitive
concepts. It is said that the Greeks were the first society to allow any citizen to prosecute the offender in the name of the
injured party.
A. Code of Draco B. The Burgundian Code
Correctional Administration BTY 13
C. Justinian Code D. Code of King Hammurabi
11. A felony of grave coercion is committed by a public officer or employee who maltreats a detained prisoner who is not
under his custody. The statement is:
A. True, because he is a public officer.
B. True, because he overdoes himself in the correction of handling of such prisoner.
C. False, it should be maltreatment of Prisoner.
D. False, Physical injury is committed.
12. Dominador was convicted in violation of R.A. # 9165 and was sentenced of imprisonment for a period of 12 years
and 1 day to 20 years or also known as
A. Prision Mayor B. Prision Correctional
C. Reclusion Temporal D. Reclusion Perpetua.
35. German conception requested for transfer to other facilities of the Bucor for him to stay closer to his family as part of
his rehabilitation. Who may recommend for his transfer?
A. Prison Superintendent B. President
C. Prison Director D. Secretary of Justice
13. Imprisonment is not always advisable. Placing a person to custodial coercion is to place him in physical jeopardy,
thus drastically narrowing his access to source of personal satisfaction and reducing his self-esteem. This principle is
based on the ____ of community based treatment programs.
A. Restorative aspect  B. Humanitarian aspect
C. Managerial aspect D. Legal aspect
14. Operation conducted by the BJMP where a prisoner maybe checked at anytime. His bedding, lockers and personal
belongings may also opened at any time in his presence whenever possible.
A. Operation greyhound B. Frisk and check
C. Counting procedure D. Checking procedure
15. Opponents of capital punishment claim that a prisoner's isolation and uncertainty over their fate constitute a form of
mental cruelty and those especially long-time death row inmates are liable to become mentally ill, if they are not already.
This is referred to as –
A. Death row phenomenon  B. Cruelty syndrome
C. Execution syndrome D. None of these     
16. Prisoners who are nearly to leave the institution, awaiting transfer, those in disciplinary status, and those who are
chronically ill with mental disabilities are considered:
A. Unassignable prisoners to undergo prison programs
B. All of these
C. Special group of offenders
D. Minimum security prisoners     
17. This is also called the guidance or case conference where the prisoner after undergoing all the tests, interviews and
examination appears before the center’s staff in conference of plan out with him his tentative program of activities the
prisoners should undergo including institutional training, recreational program, religious program, medical and psychiatry
services and social services.
A. Staff conference B. Command conference
C. Officer’s conference D. Conference for prisoners
18. This prison system was considered more advantageous because it had been observed those prisoners and finishes
more articles when they work in-groups than working along in their individual cells.
A. Auburn System B. Pennsylvania System
C. Auburn System D. Mammertime
19. Can a detainee be granted GCTA?
A. Yes if he qualifies the number of years
B. No because he is not a convicted prisoner
C. No because GCTA is only for sentenced prisoner only
D. Yes provided he voluntarily offered into writing that he will be treated as such sentence prisoner.
20. During the 6th to 10th year of imprisonment how many days shall an inmate is allowed deductions as GCTA?
A. 5 days for each month of good behavior
B. 8days for each month of good behavior
C. 10 days for each month of good behavior
D. 15 days of each month of good behavior
21. What circumstances that an inmate who was meted with Life Imprisonment will not be granted GCTA?
A. While his sentence is finally adjudicated
B. While his sentence is on appeal
C. While already enjoying credits of his sentence
D. None of the above
22. What law was passed by the U.S. congress which ended the industrial prison movement?
A. A law, which prohibited the sale of prison made articles to the public and limited their use to
government owned or controlled institutions.
B. Law which prohibits prison institution to have their inmates works in their respective cells of confinement.
C. Law which prohibits the crafts making inside the penitentiary and disallowing penitents from indulging
themselves in any working place within the place of their confinement.
D. All of the above
23. As a rule, when a jailbreak, escape or riot is in progress or has just been perpetuated in the jail, the officer at the
control centers shall immediately:
Correctional Administration BTY 14
A. Sound the alarm  
B. Locked prisoners in their respective cells
C. Notify the nearest police precinct
D. Call the warden or the director
24. Every violation of jail/prison discipline shall be dealt with accordingly. In extreme cases, where the violation
necessitate immediate action, the warden or the Officer of the Day may administer the necessary restraints and reports
the action taken to
A. An emergency plan B. A Standard Operating Procedure
C. A general rule D. Not applicable to prisoners    
25. The only one instance when a prisoner maybe given passes or leave from jails or places of confinement, as maybe
allowed by law or regulation, upon approval of the appropriate authority, or the court, if already committed by court order
and upon and recommendation of the warden.
A. Very meritorious cases B. Unmeritorious case
C. Special Cases D. In any case

PART II NON-INSTITUTIONAL CORRECTION

EASY
1. After granting the probation, the probationer must present himself to the probation officer within;
A. 24 hours B. 32 hours
C. 48 hours D. 72 hours
2. A condition given by the President during his/her birthday.
A. Amnesty B. Executive Clemency
C. Parole D. Probation
3. A shoemaker and became the father of probation in the U.S
A. Mathew Davenport Hill B. Edward Savage
C. John Augustus D. Teodolo Natividad
4. Brief of an investigation conducted by probation officer not within the jurisdiction of the court.
A. Post Sentence Investigation Report
B. Pre sentence investigation report
C. Courtesy investigation report
D. Initial investigation report
5. Executive clemency extended to convicted and persons who have not yet been tried by the court is
A. Amnesty B. Commutation
C. Pardon D. Reprieved
6. Father of parole.
A. Alexander Maconochie B. Zebulon Brockway
C. Sir Evelyn Rugges Brise D. Edward Savage
7. Father of probation in the United States.
A. John Augustus B. August Vollmer
C. Edward Henry D. Matthew Daven Port Hill
8. Forms of executive clemency, EXCEPT
A. Commutation B. Amnesty
C. Reform Model D. Probation
9. He is the first appointed probation officer in the world.
A. Hans Gross B. Edward Savage
C. John Augustus D. Benjamin Franklin
10. Is an act of grace and a recipient is not entitled to it as a matter of right.
A. pardon B. probation
C. parole D. none of these
11. It is one which if granted wipes away the guilt of the grantee without any condition attaches to it.
A. Absolute Pardon B. Amnesty
C. Commutation D. Conditional Pardon
12. It is the temporary suspension in the execution of sentence?
A. Pardon B. Appeal
C. Commutation D. Reprieve
13. Judicial disposition after which the defendant after conviction and sentence is released.
A. Probation B. Pardon
C. Parole D. Amnesty
14. Pardon cannot be exercised in what of the following instances except...
A. Before conviction
B. Before trial
C. After conviction
D. Before conviction and before trial
15. The continuing relationship between probation officer and probationer is known as-
A. Affiliation guidance B. Pre-sentence Investigation
C. Supervision D. None of these
16. Reducing the degree of death penalty inflicted upon the convict.
A. Commutation B. Commutation service of sentence
Correctional Administration BTY 15
C. Amnesty D. Pardon
17. A French word meaning “word of honor”.
A. Pardon B. Probation
C. Parole D. Amnesty
18. A person place on probation?
A. Prisoner B. Parole
C. Probation aid D. Probationer
19. A recipient of absolute pardon is ________ from civil liability imposed upon him by the sentence.
A. partially exempted B. exempted
C. conditionally exempted D. not exempted
20. Generally bail is a matter of?
A. Right B. Privilege
C. Parole D. Pardon
21. Coined the word “probation” derived from the latin word “probare”.
A. John Augustus B. Teodolo C. Natividad
C. Matthew Davenport Hill D. Edward N. Savage
22. For a convicted offender, probation is a form of ________.
A. Punishment B. Treatment
C. Enjoyment D. Incarceration
23. He was held as the 1st probation officer employed by the government.
A. John Augustus B. Teodolo C. Natividad
C. Matthew Davenport Hill D. Edward N. Savage
24. Pardon cannot be extended to one of the following instances.
A. Murder B. Rape
C. Brigandage D. Impeachment
25. Pardon is exercised when the person is_______________.
A. Already convicted B. Not yet convicted
C. About to be convicted D. Serve the sentence
26. Petition for request for pardon is processed by-
A. Board of pardons and Parole
B. Director of Prisons
C. Judge that sentenced prisoner
D. Pre-Parole and pardon Committee
27. Presidential Decree 968 established the _______ System.
A. Juvenile Justice B. Family Welfare
C. Adult Probation D. Civilian Police
28. Refers to the term of imprisonment with no definite duration w/in a prescribed maximum.
A. Amnesty B. Indeterminate sentence
C. Parole D. Probation
29. The following are forms of executive clemency, EXCEPT
A. Commutation B. Reform model
C. Amnesty D. Pardon
30. The following are offender disqualified under P.D. 968, except.
A. Presently serving his sentence
B. Convicted of any offense against public order
C. Serving a term of prison mayor
D. 18 years of age and above
31. The pardoning power is exercised by-
A. Director of Prisons B. Board of Pardons and Parole
C. President D. Secretary of Justice
32. The Post Sentence Investigation is submitted by the Probation officer to the court within
A. 30 days B. 60 days
C. 90 days D. 120 days
33. Those who have been once on probation under the Probation Law:
A. are qualified to apply for probation
B. are disqualified to apply for probation
C. should be confined in prison
D. may be granted for another probation
34. Under the Indeterminate Sentence Law, who acts as the chairman of the Board of Pardons and Parole?
A. PNP Chief B. DILG Secretary
C. DOJ Secretary D. Chief Executive
35. It is an act of grace and the recipient of the grace is not entitled to it as a matter of right. It is discretionary and within
the prerogative of the Chief Executive
A. Parole B. Pardon
C. Amnesty D. Executive Clemency
36. It is an administrative arm of the president in the exercise of his constitutional power to grant executive clemency.
A. Parole and Probation Administration
B. Secretary of Justice
C. Bureau of Corrections
Correctional Administration BTY 16
D. Board of Pardon and Parole
37. The form of conditional release that is granted after a prisoner has served a portion of his sentence in a correctional
A. Conditional pardon B. Probation
C. Parole D. Commutation
38. Pardon includes any crime and exercised by president, while ________ is a blanket pardon to classes person or
communities who may be guilt political offense.
A. Amnesty B. Pardon
C. Commutation D. Parole
39. What document is issued to the parolee after he has substantially met and achieved the terms and conditions of his
parole program?
A. Certificate of Final release
B. Certificate of Final Release and Discharge
C. Certificate of Discharge
D. None of these
40. In probation system’s philosophy and concept, it is stated that the individual has the ability to _________ and to modify
his anti- social behaviour with the right kind of help.
A. Challenge B. Aggravate his behaviour
C. Change D. None of these
41. In the hearing for the violation committed by the probationer, the latter shall have the right to be informed of the
violation charged and to adduce evidence in his favor. This right is in pursuant to his right to ___?
A. Equal protection B. Presumption of innocence
C. Miranda rights D. Due process of law
42. Payment of civil liability to the victim by the probationer shall be given to the following except the–
A. Clerk of Court of the Trial Court
B. Paid directly to the victim with receipt filed with PO
C. Deposited to the victim’s account
D. Supervising Probation Officer on case
43. The court will not grant probation if it finds the following except;
A. The offender can be treated better in a mental institution or other places for correction
B. The offender is a risk to the community
C. The offense is grievous to the eyes of the community
D. None of these
44. What is an effect of pardon by the president?
A. The pardoning power can be exercised even before conviction
B. The pardoning power of the president can be exercised only after conviction
C. The pardoning power does not extend to cases of impeachment
D. None of these
45. A conditional release after the prisoner has served part of his sentence in prison.
A. Parole B. Probation
C. Amnesty D. Executive Clemency
46. At this point all civil and criminal liability on the part of the probationer shall be extinguished.
A. Before the termination of probation
B. After granted the pardon
C. Final discharge of the probationer
D. During serving the condition of the probation
47. Is one who investigates for court referral for probation supervision or one who supervises a probationer?
A. BPP B. BJMP
C. Probation officer D. Probationer
48. It is an extension of institutional correction.
A. Parole B. Pardon
C. Probation D. Amnesty
49. It serves as the basis in granting probation to qualified applicants.
A. Post Investigation Report B. Pre Sentence Investigation report
C. Admission report D. Post Sentence Investigation
50. Probation was 1st introduced in the Philippines during what colonial period?
A. Spanish B. American
C. Japanese D. British
51. The President of the Philippines who issued Proclamation No. 51 granting amnesty to those who collaborated with
the Japanese during the World War II.
A. Elpidio Quirino B. Manuel Roxas
C. Diosdado Macapagal D. Ramon Magsaysay
52. An alternative to incarceration granted after a convicted person served a part of his sentence and is allowed to
complete a sentence at large, subject to restrictions and supervision.
A. Probation B. Work release
C. Parole   D. Halfway houses
53. An alternative to incarceration that allow convicted persons to remain at large and under varying degrees of
restriction and supervision and certain conditions imposed by the granting court.  
A. Probation   B. Work release
C. Parole D. Halfway houses    
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54. An attached agency of the Department of Justice which provides a less costly alternative to imprisonment of
offenders who are likely to respond to individualized community based treatment programs.
A. BJMP    B. Bureau of Corrections
C. Provincial Government  D. Parole and Probation Administration 
55. A self-help social learning treatment model used in the rehabilitation of drug offenders and other clients with
behavioral problems. This treatment model adheres to the precepts of “Right living”.
A. Probation B. Parole
C. Restorative Justice D. Therapeutic community
56. What is the act of grace from a sovereign power inherent in the state which exempts an individual from the
punishment which the law imposes or prescribes for his crime, extended by the President thru the recommendation of
the Board of Parole and Pardon?
A. Amnesty B. Parole
C. Pardon D. Probation
57. Is a form of executive clemency that exempts the individual of all criminal liability without any condition. It can also
be granted at any time by the President starting from the time the prisoner serves his sentence.
A. Executive Clemency B. Conditional Pardon
C. Pardon D. Absolute Pardon
58. It is granted by the Chief Executive without and conditions to it, presumably to do away with the miscarriage of
justice. It extinguishes criminal liability.
A. Parole B. Amnesty
C. Absolute pardon D. Pardon
59. The case where the Supreme Court laid down the doctrine that the absolute pardon removes all that is left of the
consequences of conviction, and that it is absolute in so far it restores the pardonee to full civil and political rights.
A. Cristobal vs. Labrador  B. Fernandez vs. Aquino
C. People vs. Galit D. None of these  
60. A director of the Massachussets Board of state Charities who made a report in address that the result of probation in
case of juvenile offenders proved so decisively good.
A. John Howard B. Calvin Collidge
C. Alexander Rice D. Gardner Tuffs
61. A disposition under which the defendant after conviction and sentence and release subject to conditions imposed by
the trial court and to the supervision of probation officer.
A. Petitioner B. Probation
C. Probation Law D. P.D. 968
62. A method halting or suspending formal criminal proceeding against a person who has violated a statue in favor of
processing through non-original disposition.
A. Deviation B. Probation
C. Reprieve D. Diversion
63. Pardon cannot be extended to one of the following instances.
A. Murder B. Brigandage
C. Rape D. Impeachment       
64. Is disposition under which a defendant, after conviction and sentence, is released subject to conditions imposed by
the court and to the supervision of the probation officer.
A. Recognizance B. Parole
C. Probation D. Bail
65. The purpose of commutation of sentence is to:
A. Do away with the miscarriage of justice           
B. Break the rigidity of the law
C. Restore the political and civil rights of the accused    
D. All of the above     
66. One of the objectives of Probation is not to promote the correction and rehabilitation of an offender by providing him
with “individualized treatment” under the guidance of a trained Probation officer. This statement is:
A. Absolutely correct B. Absolutely incorrect
C. Doubtful D. Confusing
67. It is an act of clemency which changes a heavier sentence to a less serious one or a longer term to a shorter term.
A. Amnesty    B. Commutation  
C. Reprieve D. None of these 
68. The main task of this is to estimate the risk the offender present to the community and to determine the offender’s
treatment needs.
A. Post Sentence Investigation Report
B. Pre-Sentence Investigation Report
C. Probation Officer Investigation Report
D. All of the above
69. Where to apply a petition for probation?
A. Any RTC
B. Any MTC
C. To the court where the accused was convicted
D. Any Court
70. Which of the following should a probationer avoid?
A. Make periodic report
Correctional Administration BTY 18
B. Go and play in the gambling den  
C. Work regularly to support family
D. Stay away from bad associates.
71. Which statement is not correct?
A. The grant of probation is a matter of privilege
B. Probation is a matter of right after the grant
C. The grant of probation is discretionary
D. Probation is a right
72. Who from among the following are disqualified to apply for the grant of probation?
A. Those sentenced with a penalty of not more than six years
B. Those sentenced with a penalty of six years and less but filed for an appeal in the Court of Appeal
C. Those sentenced with a penalty of more than six years
D. Both B and C
73. XANDY was convicted of sedition, he is disqualified to apply for probation, because:
A. The penalty for sedition is prision mayor
B. The penalty is more than 6 years
C. The crime of sedition is considered as crime against public order
D. All of the above
74. A recipient of absolute pardon is ________ from civil liability imposed upon him by the sentence.
A. Partially exempted B. Exempted
C. Conditionally exempted D. Not exempted  
75. Formerly, pardon was applied to a member of the ____ who committed crimes and occasionally to those convicted to
offenses against the Royal power.
A. Royal Family B. French family
C. Wealthy family D. Democrats Family
76. Under Article VII, Section 10 paragraph (B) of the Philippines Constitution, pardoning power is vested with the
A. Department of Justice B. Judiciary
C. Chief Executive    D. Legislative 
77. After the notice of publication granting parole, the complainant is given how many days within which to file comment?

A. 5 days B. 15 days
C. 20 days D. 30 days
78. An act of clemency which changes a heavier sentence to a less serious one or a longer term to a short term?
A. Reprieved B. Parole
C. Commutation D. Conditional Pardon
79. An executive clemency given to a convicted offender whose parole is deprive from the very beginning?
A. Commutation B. Amnesty
C. Probation D. Suspension of sentence
80. A prisoner who shows good behavior in prison and exercise good conduct and is discharge after serving 1/3 of
his/her term is called.
A. Parole B. Pardon
C. Probation D. Diversion
81. It transferred the function of supervising parolees to the Parole and Probation Administration.
A. Executive Order 292 B. Executive Order 922
C. Executive Order 229 D. Executive Order 293
82. An early practice in England in disposing of an offender who received a reprieved will be traveled to other country to
supply a laborers?
A. Recognizance B. Judicial Reprieve
C. Hulks D. Transportation
83. The Director of the Bureau of Corrections or the warden shall forward the _____ of the prisoner to the BPP for
evaluation and consideration for parole.
A. Prison record and carpeta
B. Clothes and personal belongings
C. Recommendation and investigation results
D. Result of publication of names of prisoners
84. The form of conditional release that is granted after a prisoner has served a portion of his sentence in a correctional
A. Conditional pardon B. Probation
C. Parole  D. Commutation   
85. Which of the following is a prerogative of the Chief Executive with concurrence of Congress?
A. Parole B. Probation
C. Pardon D. Amnesty
86. One who signed the first probation law in Massachussets, which provides for the appointment and prescribed duties
of salaried probation officer?
A. Gardner Tuffs B. Alexander Rice
C. Calvin Coolidge D. John Howard
87. Refers to the one who investigates for the court referral for probation and supervises a person placed under
probation.
A. Probation Officer B. Probationer
C. Petitioner D. Probation Applicant
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88. The concept of probation, from the Latin word “probatio” which means ___, has historical roots in the practice of
judicial reprieve.
A. Walk with faith B. Live with integrity
C. Testing period D. Out of prison            
89. The continuing relationship between probation officer and probationer is known as –
A. Affiliation Guidance B. Pre-sentenced Investigation
C. Supervision   D. Probation Guidance 
90. The first salaried federal probation officer.
A. Richard McSweeney B. Richard Mc Sweeny
C. Edward Hartwell Savage D. Richard McSweetney
91. The form of Executive Clemency which reduces the sentence of a convicted person to shorter term is referred to as –
A. Amnesty B. Probation
C. Commutation D. Shortening
92. The period of probation of a defendant sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not more than one year shall not
exceed how many years?
A. 2 years B. 3 years
C. 4 years D. 5 years
93. Under what section of RA 9165 that provides the Non-applicability of the probation Law for Drug Traffickers and
Pushers?
A. Section 15 B. Section 24
C. Section 57 D. Section 60
94. Upon receipt of the probation officer investigation report, the court shall resolve the application for probation not later
than-
A. 60 days B. 5 days 
C. 15 days  D. 45 days   
95. Which of the following does not belong to the common law practices to which the emergence of probation is
attributed?
A. Recognizance               B. Reprieve  
C. Benefit of the Clergy      D. Penance     
96. Which of the following is an executive clemency that requires the concurrence of congress?
A. Probation    B. Pardon
C. Amnesty  D. Parole     
97. Which of these is known as the Adult Probation Law, which grants probation to prisoner sentenced to term in prison
of not more than six (6) years?
A. PD 603 B. RA 698
C. PD 968    D. PD 869 
98. Who signed the First Probation Law that was passed by the legislature of Massachusetts on April 26, 1878?
A. Gov. Alexander H Rice B. John Augustus
C. Augustus Ceasar D. Alexander Forth
99. In what instances that Probation can be exercise?
A. Upon filing of petition
B. When the accused is already charged of crime
C. Serve minimum sentence
D. After Conviction
100. An early practiced that extended to an offender in which modifying the severity of the law, and it was a temporary
withholding of sentence?
A. Recognizance B. Judicial Reprieve
C. Probation D. Commutation

MODERATE
1. Which of the following probationers may be recommended for the early termination of probation?
A. those recommended for further supervision
B. those physical and mentally fit for travel
C. cooperative and participative probationer in the programs
D. probationers convicted for offenses involving moral turpitude
2. Those who have been once on probation under the Probation Law:
A. Are qualified to apply for probation
B. Are disqualified to apply for probation
C. May be granted for another probation
D. Should be confined in prison       
3. The Probation order may also require the probationer in appropriate cases to the following EXCEPT…
A. Meet his family representatives
B. Comply with a program of payment of civil liability
C. Undergo medical or psychological exam when required
D. Deny himself to a specific employment
4. The following are situations that will happen if the probationer will violate the terms and conditions of the probation,
except
A. The court may modify the conditions of probation or revoke the same.
Correctional Administration BTY 20
B. If the violation is serious, the court may order the probationer to serve his prison sentence.
C. The probationer may also be arrested and criminally prosecuted if the violation is a criminal offense.
D. All of the above
5. The following are qualifications of the Probation Administrator and the Assistant Probation Administrator, which one is
not?
A. at least 35 years of age
B. Must have been a regional administration officer for 4 years.
C. holder of a masters degree or its equivalent in either criminology, social work, corrections, penology,
psychology, sociology, public administration, law, police science, police administration or related field.
D. at least 5 years of supervisory experience or be a member of the Philippine bar with at least 7 years of
supervisory experience. 
6. The following are Mandatory conditions for Probations except;
A. to present himself to the probation officer concern for supervision within 72 hours from receipt of the order
(probation order)
B. to report to the probation officer at least once a month during the period of probation.
C. not to commit another offense during the probation period.
D. Meet his family responsibilities
7. The following are grounds for disqualifying a convicted offender in applying for probation, except one;
A. Sentence to serve a maximum term of imprisonment for six years.
B. Convicted of subversion or any crime against the national security or public order.
C. Who have been once on probation under the provisions of this Decree.
D. Who are already serving sentence at the time the substantive provisions of this decree became applicable
pursuant to Sec. 33 hereof.
8. The following are authorized to order or approve the release of prisoners, except one;
A. The Board of Pardons and Parole in parole cases.
B. The Director of the Bureau of Corrections upon the expiration of the sentence of the prisoner.
C. The President of the Philippines in cases of executive clemency or amnesty.
D. None of these
9. Parole maybe granted if the inmate-
A. Finishes considerable portion of sentence
B. Finishes minimum sentence
C. Deserves to be released by reason of good behavior
D. Has considerable good conduct time allowance credit
10. Probation shall be denied if the court finds that?
A. The offender is in need of correctional treatment
B. There is undue risk that during the period of probation the offender will commit another crime
C. Probation will depreciate the seriousness of the offense committed.
D. All of these
11. If a person is convicted in any of those crimes mentioned in these titles are disqualified for application for probation.
121. What are these crimes?
A. Crimes against public order and against persons
B. Crimes against public order and national security
C. Crimes against chastity and persons
D. Crimes against national security and fundamental laws of the state.
12. All but one is advantage of probation.
A. The convicted criminal can continue to work in his place of employment
B. The convicted criminal can maintain mental and physical development
C. It relieves prison congestion
D. It prevents the tendency of broken homes
13. What is the act of grace from a sovereign power inherent in the state which exempts an individual from the
punishment which the law imposes or prescribes for his crime, extended by the President thru the recommendation of
the Board of Parole and Pardon?
A. Amnesty B. Parole
C. Pardon D. Probation
14. This is a form of executive clemency which removes the effects of a crime but does not remove the guilt itself. The
grantee here is bound to follow certain restrictions, violations of which may be a ground to recommit him back to prisons.
A. Absolute pardon B. Amnesty
C. Commutation D. Conditional pardon
15. Executive Clemency is the authority of the President of the Philippines to suspend the execution of a penalty, reduce
the sentence and extinguish criminal liability. The various forms of executive clemency are as follows, except one;
A. Commutation or reduction of sentence.
B. Grant of Pardon
C. Reprieve or temporary suspension of sentence.
D. Parole
16. The act of grace from a sovereign power inherent in the state which exempts an individual from the punishment
which the law imposes or prescribes for his crime, extended by the President thru the recommendation of the Board of
Parole and Pardon is called
A. Amnesty B. Parole
C. Pardon D. Probation
Correctional Administration BTY 21
17. Pardon which is considered as private act of the President need not to be concurred by Congress. What is then the
other type of executive clemency that needs the concurrence of congress?
A. Amnesty B. Pardon
C. Parole D. Absolute Pardon
18. This is a procedure which permits a jail prisoner to pursue his normal job during the week and return to the jail to
serve his sentence during the weekend or non-working hours.
A. Amnesty B. good conduct time allowance
C. probation D. delayed sentence
19. It is a change of the decision of the court made by the Chief Executive by reducing the degree of the penalty inflicted
upon the convict, or by decreasing the length of the imprisonment of the original sentence.
A. Commutation of Sentence B. Pardon
C. Reprieve D. Amnesty
20. A procedure wherein a sentence of offender is temporarily suspended and he is permitted to remain in the
community, subject to the control of the court and under the supervision and guidance of a probation officer.
A. Pardon B. Parole
C. Probation D. Executive Clemency
21. Change in the decision of the court made; by president by reducing the degree of penalty inflicted upon the court, or
by reducing the length of imprisonment or amount of fine imposed by the court in the verdict of conviction.
A. Amnesty B. Pardon
C. Commutation D. Reprieve
22. An alternative to incarceration granted after a convicted person served a part of his sentence and is allowed to
complete a sentence at large, subject to restrictions and supervision.
A. Probation B. Work release
C. Parole D. Halfway houses
23. An alternative to incarceration that allows convicted persons to remain at large and under varying degrees of
restriction and supervision and certain conditions imposed by the granting court.
A. Probation B. Work release
C. Parole D. Halfway houses
24. An attached agency of the Department of Justice which provides a less costly alternative to imprisonment of
offenders who are likely to respond to individualized community based treatment programs.
A. BJMP B. Bureau of Corrections
C. Provincial Government D. Parole and Probation Administration
25. This is considered as the blueprint of the Parole system adopted in every country, it was pioneered by Alexander
Maconochie
A. Good behavior Allowance B. Reward and Punishment System
C. Mark System D. Good Conduct time allowance
26. The Secretary of Justice recommends these officers of probation for appointments to the President, which one is
not?
A. Probation Administrator B. Regional Probation Officer.
C. City Provincial officer D. None of these
27. The treatment process employed by the field officer focused on particular news of probationer, paroles and
pardonees.
A. Rehabilitation programs B. Corrections program
C. Medical program D. Pre-release program
28. It is a privilege granted by the court to a person convicted of a criminal offense to remain to the community instead of
actually going to prison.
A. Parole B. Probation
C. Pardon D. Amnesty
29. It is an act of clemency which changes a heavier sentence to a less serious one or a longer term to a shorter term.
A. Amnesty B. Reprieve
C. Commutation D. None of these
30. It is referred to as the conditional release of an offender from a penal institution after he has served the minimum
period of his prison sentence.
A. penalty B. Probation
C. Parole D. Service of minimum Sentence
31. It is the authority of the President of the Philippines to suspend the execution of a penalty, reduce the sentence and
extinguish criminal liability.
A. Parole B. Pardon
C. Executive Clemency D. President’s Clemency
32. Pardon is given only after conviction, while _______ may be exercised even before investigation trial or conviction.
A. Pardon B. Parole
C. Amnesty D. Probation
33. A Boston shoemaker who advocated in behalf of alcoholic and youthful offenders and known as the father of
probation.
A. Mathew Davenport Hill B. Edward Savage
C. John Augustus D. Alexander Rice
34. An alternative to incarceration and allows convicted persons to remain at large under varying degrees of restriction
and supervision and certain conditions.
A. probation B. parole
Correctional Administration BTY 22
C. work release D. halfway houses
35. Which agency performs the evaluation of prisoner’s fitness and qualifications for the grant of pardon or parole?
A. Punishment, confinement retribution, treatment
B. Retribution, Deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation
C. Deterrence, retribution, punishment treatment
D. None of the above
36. What should the court do where the accused violated the terms and conditions of his probation?
A. Court releases the probationer to the community
B. Revoke and let the probationer served his sentence
C. Court order the probationer to apply for parole
D. Court should allow the probationer to continue his probation
37. When to file the application for probation?
A. 15 days before conviction and sentence at the time of imprisonment start.
B. 15 days before conviction and sentence at the time of imprisonment
C. 15 days after conviction and sentence at any time before imprisonment start
D. 15 days after the conviction and sentence at the time of imprisonment
38. The purpose of the decree on probation shall be to
A. provide an opportunity for the reformation of a penitent offender
B. prevent the commission of offenses
C. promote the correction and rehabilitation of an offender by providing him with individualized treatment
D. All of these
39. The court is mandated to resolve the petition for probation not later than –
A. 3 days after receipt of the investigation report
B. 5 days after receipt of the investigation report
C. 15 days after receipt of the investigation report
D. 60 days after receipt of the petition for probation
40. The adult Probation Law has its purposes. Which of the following is not one of such purposes?
A. promote the correction and rehabilitation of an offender by providing him with individualized treatment.
B. provide an opportunity for the reformation of a penitent offender which might be less probable if he were to
serve a prison sentence.
C. Prevent the institutional treatment of the offender
D. prevent the commission of offenses
41. The BPP may recommend to the President the grant of executive clemency to a prisoner when the following
extraordinary circumstances are present, except:
A. Inmate who is 70 years old and above who have served at least 5 years of their sentence.
B. When inmate is suffering from severe physical disability
C. When inmate is suffering from serious illness
D. Such other circumstances when best interest of justice will be served thereby.
42. It is the authority of the President of the Philippines to suspend the execution of a penalty, reduce the sentence and
extinguish criminal liability.
A. Parole B. Executive clemency
C. Pardon    D. President’s clemency          
43. The act of grace from a sovereign power inherent in the state which exempts an individual from the punishment
which the law imposes or prescribes for his crime, extended by the President thru the recommendation of the Board of
Parole and Pardon is called
A. Amnesty B. Parole
C. Pardon    D. Probation  
44. Parole and Probation Administration is under the direction of the
A. Department of Finance
B. Department of Justice 
C. Department of Interior and Local Government
D. BJMP  
45. The substantive law on Philippine probation took effect on
A. January 3, 1978 B. July 24, 1976
C. January 1, 1937 D. January 1, 1932
46. They assist probation and parole officers in the supervision of probationers.
A. Volunteer probation aide’s
B. Volunteer probation officers
C. Volunteer workers
D. Volunteer community workers
47. Which of the following are qualified to avail probation?
A. Those sentence more than 6 years
B. Those contempt by the judge
C. Those sentence by the court for not exceeding 6 years
D. None of these
48. For amnesty to be granted there should be __.
A. Recommendation from U.N. B. Recommendation from C.H.R.
C. Application from C.H.R D. Concurrence of the congress  
49. The kind of pardon under which the convict is required to comply with certain requirements is referred to as the
Correctional Administration BTY 23
A. Conditional pardon B. Amnesty
C. Probation D. Parole
50. One who investigates for the court a referral for probation or supervises a probationer or both
A. Police officer B. Probationer officer 
C. Intelligence officer D. Law enforcer     
51. Post sentence investigation report must be submitted by the probation officer to the court within
A. 20 days B. 30 days
C. 60 days   D. 90 days     
52. The act of the president changing and reducing a heavier penalty sentence or longer term into a shorter term is
known as the
A. Commutation B. Pardon
C. Amnesty D. Probation
53. Parole in the Philippine is governed by the
A. determinate sentence law B. Indeterminate sentence law 
C. Board of pardon and parole D. Parole and probation administration 
54. In amnesty which of the following is not true?
A. It usually addressed to the crimes against the national sovereignty of the state
B. It is usually granted to classes or even community of person
C. In amnesty, there may or not be distinct acts of acceptance
D. None of these
55. After release, from jail or prison, when does a parolee present himself to the Parole and Probation Officer?
A. At least one month from release.
B. Within 3 weeks from release
C. At least 3 weeks from release
D. Within the period prescribed in the Release Document
56. Arnold having sexual intercourse with Monica a 14 year old virgin. Arnold committed the crime of simple seduction,
Is Arnold eligible to apply for parole?
A. No, because the penalty is not more than 6 years
B. No, because the crime committed is a crime against chastity
C. Yes, because Arnold already served the minimum of his sentence
D. Yes, If the minimum sentence is accompanied by good behavior
57. If you were convicted of a crime for a penalty of not greater than six years, where are you going to apply your petition
for the grant of Probation?
A. The Probation and Parole Board
B. The Court that decided your case where conviction is the judgment
C. In the Court of Appeal
D. To the Office of the President of the Republic of the Philippines
58. Juliana was convicted of the crime homicide where she was sentenced to a penalty of Reclusion Temporal. She
appealed the case to the higher court, while the appeal is pending; she filed a petition for parole. Which of the following
statement is correct?
A. Her petition must be acted upon because the penalty does not exceed 20 years
B. Her petition must be denied on the ground of pending appeal
C. Her petition must be acted upon because the sentence is not yet final
D. It depends upon the Board whether to grant or deny the petition
59. What is considered as the forerunner of modern penology because it had all the elements of a modern correctional
system like a training school type that emphasized on compulsion education, case work method, and extensive use of
parole based on indeterminate sentence?
A. Zebulon Brockway System B. Borstal Institution
C. Lease System D. Elmira Reformatory
60. An investigation conducted by a probation agency or other designated authority at the request of a court into the past
behavior, family circumstances, and personality of an adult who has been convicted of a crime, to assist the court in
determining the most appropriate sentence.
A. Post Sentence Investigation
B. Pre-Sentence Investigation
C. Probation Officer Investigation
D. None of the above
61. For how many days shall the Judge of the court who issued an order for the conduct of Post Sentence investigation
to resolve and decide on the issue of whether or not to grant probation applied for by the petitioner?
A. 10 days from the receipt of the PSIR
B. 15 days from the receipt of the PSIR
C. 20 days from the receipt of the PSIR
D. 30 days from the receipt of the PSIR
62. If you have appealed your case to the Court of Appeal and filed your petition for the grant of probation, what will
happen to the case that you have appealed before the second level of courts?
A. The CA may continue the review of the case pending on appeal
B. The appeal is considered withdrawn automatically
C. The CA may find solution to the case in relation to the case appealed therein
D. None of the above
63. Juan Dela Cruz after promulgation of his case by the Regional trial Court was meted with a penalty of 5 years and one
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day to six years of imprisonment who within 15 days from the date of promulgation filed his appeal with the court of
appeal for not satisfied with the judgment of the lower court. Can he be granted probation once he applied?
A. No because the decision of the RTC is not final and executory.
B. No because he filed for an appeal
C. No because he doesn’t waived his right for an appeal
D. Yes because he met the qualification to apply for probation.
64. On January 1, 2013 the Regional Trial Court Branch 12 of Zamboanga City sentenced and penalized Juan Dela Cruz
to a maximum period of six years for the offense committed. Right then and there, Mr. Mata Linaw, a Probation Officer
received an order from the court for the conduct of Post Sentence Investigation. For how many days shall the latter be
given a prescribed period to submit his findings?
A. 15 Days from the receipt of the order of the court
B. 20 Days from the receipt of the order of the court
C. 30 days from the receipt of the order of the court
D. 60 Days from receipt of the order of the court
65. On the basis of the findings of the investigation conducted by the Probation Officer, the Judge will not grant probation
on the following circumstances, except:
A. The offender is in need of correctional treatment that can be provided most effectively by his commitment to
an institution.
B. There is undue risk that during the period of probation the offender will commit another crime.
C. Probation will depreciate the seriousness of the offense.
D. No Exception
66. Otherwise known as “The Adult Probation Law of 1976 was drafted and authored by TEODULO C. NATIVIDAD
together with his committee composed of the Five (5) Pillars of the Criminal Justice System. It was signed into law on
July 24, 1976 by then President Ferdinand E. Marcos.
A. Presidential Decree 968 B. Presidential Decree 698
C. Presidential Decree 986 D. Presidential Decree 896
67. Philippine Legislature enacted the Probation Act (Act No. 4221) creating a Probation Officer under the Department of
Justice lead by Chief Probation Officer appointed by the American Governor-General with the advice and consent of the
US Senate.
A. August 7, 1935 B. August 7, 1976
C. August 8, 1935 D. August 8, 1976
68. Probation was first legally established in the __________, but to trace its origins to earlier schemes for humanizing
criminal justice under the common law of England. These procedures were brought over with the law and customs of
England and were adopted by the colonists who settled the eastern shores of United States.
A. England B. Europe
C. Asia D. United States
69. This aims to assist the court in determining whether or not the ends of justice and the best interest of the public as
well as the petitioner will be served by the grant or denial of probation.
A. Post Sentence Investigation Report
B. Pre-Sentence Investigation Report
C. Report of the Probation Officer
D. All of the above
70. What if on the situation mentioned on the number one, the subject decided to file an appeal in Court of Appeal. Is he
qualified for the grant of Probation?
A. No because the subject did never waived his right for an appeal.
B. No because he is not satisfied of the decision of the lower court not favorable in his merit
C. Not qualified at all
D. Yes probation can be granted as the penalty imposed is six years and less
71. Absolute and conditional pardon of the President is considered as
A. Public act for he exercised the sovereignty of the state
B. Public act because the President is a public officer
C. Private act which must be pleaded and proved by the person pardoned because the courts do not take
judicial notice of it.
D. Both items A and B only
72. Can a person who has already served his/her prison term be extended pardon?
A. No, because pardon will serve no purpose at all
B. No, because the prison term has already been served
C. No, because the pardon is designed to remove the principal penalties
D. None of these
73. Except one, the following are some of the limitations of pardoning power
A. Pardon will not restore office forfeited
B. Pardon will not absolve the pardonee to pay his civil liability
C. Pardon cannot be extended to a person convicted of legislative contempt
D. Pardon may be granted after the judgment become final
74. Is violation of conditional pardon a substantive offense?
A. Yes, because the offender commits a disturbance of public order
B. Yes, he is violating the condition of conditional pardon
C. No, because such violation does not constitute a disturbance of peace and does not breach the peace of
society
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D. No, because the violation is given as an additional penalty
75. The BPP may consider petition for absolute pardon even before the grant official release and discharge in any of the
following:
A. Petitioner is emigrating.
B. Petitioner is seeking re-instatement in the government service.
C. Petitioner is going to be appointed in a private placement work.
D. Petitioner is preparing for his final examination.
76. The following are legal effects of pardon, except one:
A. Criminal liability are extinguished
B. Civil liability is also extinguished
C. Restore the convict’s civil or political rights as provided
D. All of the foregoing
77. The following are limitations on the pardoning power of the President, except one:
A. On impeachment case
B. No favorable recommendation from the COMELEC on election offenses
C. When the judgment is not yet final
D. The power of the President to grant pardon is absolute
78. Where the pardon is conditional, the offender has
A. No right to reject the same
B. The right to reject the same since he may feel that the condition/s imposed is/are more onerous than
the penalty sought to be remitted
C. Both items A and B
D. No right to reject the same because the President exercises his sovereign power where no one can
refuse
79. An inmate maybe granted parole if he
A. Earned good conduct time allowance credit
B. Serve minimum sentence
C. Earned good behavior while serving prison term
D. All of these     
80. A probationer and parolee have this in common, except:
A. Both committed crimes
B. Both have been sentenced by the court
C. Both are persons
D. Both have not served their sentence
81. Both Probation and Parole is a community based correction.
A. Both are a matter of right
B. Both are a matter of privilege
C. Only Parole is a matter of right
D. Only Probation is a matter of privilege
82. Purpose of commutation, EXCEPT
A. to save the life of person sentenced to death
B. to extend a parole incases where the parole law does not apply
C. to break the rigidity of the law
D. None of these
83. What is the action of the court in case a probationer violated the condition of his probation order?
A. Court orders the release of the probationer to the community.
B. Court directs probationer to re-apply for probation
C. Court revokes probation and probationer serves original sentence imposed by court.
D. Court punishes the probationer
84. The main difference between probationer and parolee is that
A. The former has not served any part of his sentence.
B. The latter has not served any part of his sentence.
C. The former has partly served sentence.
D. The latter has undergone post- sentence
85. The purpose of the decree on probation shall be to
A. Provide an opportunity for the reformation of a penitent offender which might be less probable if he were
to serve a prison sentence.
B. Prevent the commission of offenses
C. Promote the correction and rehabilitation of an offender by providing him with individualized treatment
D. Choices a b c are correct
86. What document is issued to a parolee when the maximum period of his prison term has expired?
A. Certificate of final release
B. Certificate of final discharge
C. Certificate of final release and discharge
D. Certificate of prison term completion
87. Which agency performs the evaluation of prisoner’s fitness and qualifications for the grant of pardon or parole?
A. Punishment, confinement retribution, treatment
B. Retribution, Deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation
C. Deterrence, retribution, punishment treatment
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D. None of the above    
88. Which from among the following that distinguish probation from parole?
A. The former is a matter of privilege while the latter is a matter of right.
B. The latter is a matter of right while the former is a matter of privilege.
C. One requires service of sentence
D. No visible distinction as they are all a matter of privilege and no a right.
89. Within how many days, from release, should the parolee present himself to the PPO for supervision?
A. Within 30 days
B. Within the period prescribed in the FRD
C. Within 45 days
D. Within the period prescribed in the Release Document
90. Why is the sentence in the Indeterminate Sentence Law called Indeterminate?
A. Because the convict will be sentenced to a minimum and maximum penalty
B. Because the sentence to be imposed can only be determined by the court
C. Because the convict will not serve the maximum penalty imposed
D. Because it cannot be determined as to how long the convict will serve sentence because after serving
the minimum, he may be released on parole
91. Can a person convicted of a crime charged against him for less than six years of imprisonment be denied for the
grant of probation?
A. No because Presidential Decree 968 provides this right to the convict whose sentence is below six years
B. No because probation is a matter of right
C. Yes because probation is only a matter of right
D. Yes because probation is only a matter of privilege
92. During what particular date that a Probation Officer may conduct a Post Sentence Investigation?
A. Immediately upon receipt of the order of the court
B. Immediately upon promulgation of the case
C. Immediately upon his knowledge on the conviction of the person charged before the court
D. Immediately upon the person charged was sentence by the court of imprisonment of not more than six
years
93. In deciding whether an offender should be sentenced to probation, a judge considers the following, EXCEPT:
A. Statute recommendations
B. Structured sentencing guidelines
C. Recommendations from the prosecuting and defense attorneys
D. No exception
94. In determining whether an offender may be placed on probation, the court shall consider all information relative to the
following except:
A. Character antecedents
B. Environment, mental and physical condition of the offender
C. Other available institutional & community resources.
D. No exception
95. One of the purposes of Adult Probation is to:
A. Prevent the commission of crimes.
B. Place the offender outside police power of the state
C. Foster closer relationship between the offender and the judge who promulgated the Probation Order.
D. Create a probation office.
96. Probation is not co-terminus with its period because:
A. The court may order final discharge of the probationer upon consideration of the summary report of the
probation officer.
B. The court will order final discharge of the probationer upon application of the probation.
C. The court will discharge probationer taking into consideration the good behavior of the probationer.
D. The court will order final discharge of the probationer upon consideration of the final report of the Probation
officer.
97. Probation may be granted even if the sentence imposed is fine only.
A. True
B. False
C. True only if the judgment provides subsidiary imprisonment
D. False, it is only applicable for the penalty of imprisonment
98. Since probation is a matter of privilege, all convicted person whose sentence is not more than six years is qualified to
avail the probation.
A. Yes unless their sentence is not more than six years
B. No because only convicted person can apply this
C. Yes provided that he is capable to pay his liability
D. Yes, not unless if they are not qualified
99. The conviction and sentence clause of the statutory definition of probation clearly signifies that probation affects:
A. Only the criminal aspect of the case
B. Only the civil aspect of the case
C. Both criminal and civil
D. Both criminal and civil including subsidiary penalty
100. The court may grant probation after the PSI report. PSI means?
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A. Prison Sentence Information
B. Personal survey Information
C. Post Service Investigation
E. Post Sentence Investigation

DIFFICULT
1. Which of the following is a ground for disqualifying a convicted offender in applying for probation;
A. Prisoners who are 65 years and above and who have served at least 3 years of their prison sentence but in no
case shall they exceed 70 years old.
B. Prisoners who are invalids or afflicted with incurable or dangerous or serious diseases.
C. Prisoners who are medically diagnosed as having at least 2 years of mental abnormality (having been
confined in the psychiatric ward of the prison hospital for at least 2 years.)
D. Prisoners who have served at least one third of their prison sentence.
2. The following prisoners are eligible for pardon and may apply for the same (through the Director of Corrections and the
Board of Pardons and Parole) to the President of the Philippines, except one;
A. Prisoners who are 65 years and above and who have served at least 3 years of their prison sentence but in no
case shall they exceed 70 years old.
B. Prisoners who are invalids or afflicted with incurable or dangerous or serious diseases.
C. Prisoners who are medically diagnosed as having at least 2 years of mental abnormality (having been
confined in the psychiatric ward of the prison hospital for at least 2 years.)
D. Prisoners who have served at least one third of their prison sentence.
3. Mr. A was convicted by a court and meted a sentence of 3 years imprisonment. Which of the following Mr. A must
undertake in order that his intention for probation is entertained?
A. The application be filed with the trial court
B. Apply an appeal to modify the decision of final judgment
C. Apply for probation with the period of perfecting an appeal
D. Petition congress for amnesty
4. One of the purposes of Adult Probation Law is to:
A. Place the offender outside the police power of the state
B. Coordinate the workings of the agencies of the criminal justice system
C. Foster closer relationship between the offender and the judge who promulgated the probation order
D. Promote the correction and rehabilitation of an offender by providing him with personalized, community based
program
5. Henry was convicted to a prison term of prision correctional. Will he qualify for probation?
A. No, his sentence is six (6) years and one (1) day
B. Yes, his sentence is three (3) years and one (1) day
C. No, his sentence is more than six (6) years and one (1) day
D. Yes, his sentence is less than six (6) years and one (1) day
6. Immediately upon the issuance of a probation order by the court to the probationer, who among the following is
responsible to inform the probationer the consequences of such order and explain to him that failure to comply the
conditions, he shall serve the penalty imposed?
A. Judge of the Trial Court B. Director of Prison
C. Probation Administrator D. Probation Officer
7. A convict whose application for probation has been granted but fails to report to the proper probation officer within 72
hours upon receipt of notice or a probationer whose whereabouts cannot be determined for more than a month:
A. absconding probationer B. wanted person
C. fugitive from justice D. absconding petitioner
8. Which of the statement is TRUE?
A. It is not mandatory for the parolee to comply with the terms and conditions appearing in the release document.
B. Outside travel for a cumulative duration of more than thirty (30) days within a period of one (1) year shall be
considered transfer of residence
C. A parolee may be authorized by the Parole and Probation Officer to travel outside his operational jurisdiction
for a period of more than thirty (30) days.
D. A parolee cannot transfer to a residence other than that indicated in the release Document without the prior
written approval of the Board of Pardon and Parole
9. What is the action of the court in case a probationer violated his/her probation conditions?
A. Court revokes probation and probationer goes to prison
B. Court directs probationer to re-apply for probation
C. Court releases the probationer to the community
D. Court orders the continuation of probation
10. The probation officer shall submit to the court the post sentence investigation report
A. Not later than 60 days after the conviction of the petitioner
B. Not later than 60 days from the order of the court to conduct investigation
C. Not later than 60 days from receipt of the order of the court to conduct investigation
D. Within 15 days from the order of the court to conduct investigation
11. Mr. “Rusiana” was sentenced to serve a maximum sentence of not more than six (6) years. He filed petition for
probation, but his petition will not be considered if:
A. He was convicted of subversion
B. He was previously convicted by final judgment of an offense punished by imprisonment of not less than one
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month and one day and/or fine of not less than PhP200.00
C. He was previously granted probation
D. He was previously granted parole.
12. This is submitted by the PPO concerned to the Board thru the Technical Services of the PPA, not later than 15 working
days regarding the date the parolee reported for supervision.
A. Arrival report B. Final report
C. Summary report D. Briefing report
13. Mr. “P” was previously convicted to a sentence of 15 days. He served imprisonment for this conviction. After several
years he was sentenced to suffer imprisonment of 0-6-1 after committing another crime. Can he file petition for probation
for his present conviction, despite of his previous conviction?
A. Yes, because his present conviction is not more than 6 years.
B. Yes, because his previous conviction is less than one month and one day
C. No, because his previous conviction would disqualify him to avail of probation
D. No, because probation is only once.
14. In determining the fitness of a prisoner for release on conditional pardon, the following points shall be considered as
guides, except:
A. The political, organizational or religious affiliation of the prisoner should be disregarded.
B. Due regard should be given the attitude of the people in the community from which he was sentenced.       
C. The background of the prisoner before he was committed to prison – social, economic.  
D. Financial capacity of the prisoner.   
15. Pardon granted by the Chief Executive
A. Extinguishes criminal liability of offender
B. Does not extinguish civil liability of offender
C. Must be given After the prosecution of the offense
D. All of the above         
16. The power of the chief Executive to grant pardon is limited to the following, except:  
A. Pardon cannot be extended to cases of impeachment.
B. No pardon, parole or suspension of sentence for the violation of any election law may be granted without
favorable recommendation of the Commission of Elections.          
C. Pardon is exercised only after conviction
D. Pardon is administered by the court    
17. Which of the following is incorrect?
A. A Progress Report is submitted to the BPP when a parolee has committed another crime and case is not yet
decided by the court.
B. A Violation Report is submitted to the BPP when parole violates other conditions appearing in his release
document.
C. Infraction report is submitted to the BPP where parolee is subsequently convicted of another crime.
D. Upon receipt of a Summary Report, the BPP may issue an order of arrest and recommitment.
18. Which of the following statement is true?
A. A parolee who is recommitted to prison by the Board shall be made to serve the remaining unexpired portion
of the maximum sentence.
B. A parolee may be authorized by the Parole and Probation Officer to travel outside of his operational
jurisdiction for a period of more than 60 days.
C. It is mandatory for the parolee to comply with the terms and condition appearing in the Release Document.
D. The parolee can transfer to a residence other than that indicated in the Release Document without the
prior written approval of the Regional Director subject to confirmation of DBB.
19. Mr. “YANNY” was sentenced to a prison term of Arresto mayor. Will he qualify for probation?
A. No, his sentence is six years and one day.
B. Yes, his sentence is less than six years and one day.
C. Yes, his sentence is one month and one day to six months.
D. No, his sentence is more than six years and one day.
20. Mr. “XENY” was convicted to suffer imprisonment of prision correctional. Can the offender file petition for probation?
A. Yes, because his sentence is less than six (6) years.
B. Yes, because there was a PSIR
C. Yes, because his sentence is from 0-6-1 to 6-0-0.
D. Yes because he was convicted.
21. The following are considered as discretionary conditions of probation except
A. Drinking intoxicated liquor to excess
B. Abstain from visiting house of ill repute
C. Meet his family responsibilities 
D. Cooperate with the program of probation    
22. The purpose of the decree on probation shall be to:
A. Provide an opportunity for the reformation of a penitent offender, which might be less probable if he were to
serve a prison sentence; prevent the commission of offenders; promote the correction and rehabilitation of an
offender by providing him with individualized treatment.
B. Provide an opportunity for the penitent offender to be more careful of his actions.
C. Makes the offender more susceptible to commit further crimes if not being isolated due to the act
performed by him to which he is bound to answer for the satisfaction of the society,
D. All of the above
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23. One of the following is not an administrative function exercised by the executive branch of the government.
A. Probation  B. Pardon
C. Parole D. Amnesty     
24. This means that, “if the defendant successfully completes probation, the criminal conviction will not be place on his
record.”
A. Suspended sentence B. Relayed sentence
C. Delayed sentence D. Deferred sentence
25. What is the country, whose early schemes for humanizing the criminal justice under its common law, originated
probation?
A. England   B. United States      
C. Greece D. France     

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