You are on page 1of 101

izksQslj lanhi ik.

Ms; Hkkjr dh csgrjhu larkuksa esa ls ,d gSaA vejhdk ds


,d Js"B fo'ofo|ky; ls ih,p-Mh- djus ds ckn os pkgrs rks ,d lEiUu ftanxh
th ldrs FksA fdarq mUgksaus Hkkjr ykSVuk ilan fd;k o ojnku esa feyh cqf) dks
Hkkjr ds detksj o Hkqyk, x, yksxksa dh csgrjh ds fy, bLrseky fd;kA
eq>s
tks yksx Hkkjr esa U;k; o ln~Hkkouk ds fy, dke dj jgs gSa mUgsa lanhi
ik.Ms; esa ,d fe= o fn'kk fn[kkus okyk feykA fgalk ls ihfM+r efgykvksa ds fy, dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
,d cgknqj lg;ksxh feykA mUgksaus vius x`g jkT; mRrj izns'k esa tehuh Lrj ij
yksdra= dks etcwr djus o iwjs Hkkjr esa ekuokf/kdkj dh yM+kbZ dks etcwr djus
dk dke fd;k gSA ls D;ksa fudkyk x;k
ikfjokfjd t:jrksa dks iwjk djus ds fy, os izfl) dk'kh fgUnw
fo'ofo|ky;] tgka ds os Nk= Hkh jg pqds gSa] esa v/;kiu ds fy, ykSVsA viuh
varjkRek ls le>kSrk u dj ikus ds dkj.k os dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa Nk=kvksa lanhi
ds vf/kdkjksa ds fy, eq[kj gq,A
U;k; ds fy, yM+us okyk dksbZ Hkh O;fDr ;FkkfLFkfrokfn;ksa ds fnekx dks
ijs'kku djrk gSA izksQslj ik.Ms; dks voS/k rjhds ls dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls
fudkyk x;k fdarq bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; ls QSlyk muds i{k esa vk;kA
tc i;kZoj.kfon~ izksQslj xq#nkl vxzoky us vfojy o fueZy xaxk gsrq
2018 esa vu'ku djds viuh tku ns nh rks izksQslj ik.Ms; us ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k
fd T;knk ls T;knk Hkkjrh; izksQslj vxzoky ds cfynku ds ckjs esa tkusaA
lanhi ik.Ms; nwljksa ds fy, thrs gSa] [kkldj t:jreanksa ds fy, vkSj
t:jreanksa ds fy, la?k"kZ djus okyksa ds fy,A
eSa mu dbZ yksxksa esa ls ,d gwa ftuds fy, izksQslj ik.Ms; ,d fe= o
iszj.kklzksr gSaA mudks dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls fudkys tkus lEcaf/kr vanj rd
>d>ksjus okyk izdj.k T;knk ;s T;knk Hkkjrh;ksa rd igqapuk pkfg,A
&jkteksgu xka/kh] ekpZ] 2019

;g tkus ekus lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ ,oa vuks[ks izkS+|ksfxdh fo'ks"kK dh gekjs


lkoZtfud {ks=] [kkldj mPp 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa] ds iru dh vka[k [kksyus okyh
xkFkk gSA blesa Nk=ksa] f'k{kdksa o lkoZtfud {ks= ds cqf)thfo;ksa ds f[kykQ
jktuhfrd lRrk ds nq#i;ksx ds fo'kys"k.kkRed cgqewY; ys[k gSaA blesa rF;kRed
:i ls >wB ds vk/kkj ij fopkj/kkjk dh va/kHkfDr esa cqf)thoh fojks/kh lewg }kjk
2016 esa dkfcy 'kS{kf.kd lq/kkjd lanhi ik.Ms; ds fu"dklu dh izLrqfr gSA blesa
,d vk'kk dh fdj.k Hkh gS tks ys[kd }kjk Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw
fo'ofo|ky; esa ekuoh; f'k{k.k i)fr ds iz;ksxksa ds ldkjkRed ifj.kke ds :i esa
fn[kkbZ iM+rh gSA ;g lHkh Hkkjrh;ksa ftlesa lfdz; vkn'kZoknh Hkh 'kkfey gSa] tks
vius cPpksa o ;qokvksa ds fy, ,d csgrj dy pkgrs gSa] }kjk vfuok;Z :i ls i<+h
tkus okyh iqLrd gS A ftl Nk= ls f'kdk;r djok lkft'ku eq>s fudkyk
&izksQslj vkuan dqekj x;k og igys esjs lkFk ,d /kjus esa 'kkfey jgk

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:33 PM
final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:34 PM
eq>s
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
ls D;ksa fudkyk x;k

izdk'ku % vizSy 2019

iqLrd dh izfr;ka izkIr djus ds fy, lEidZ djsa %

1- lanhi] ,&893] bfUnjk uxj] y[kuÅ&226016


Qksu ua % 0522&2355978] 8377980206 ¼izfork vkuan½
e-mail : ashaashram@yahoo.com

2- oYyHkkpk;Z ik.Ms;] Hkangka dyka] iksLV&dSFkh]


ftyk&okjk.klh] eks- 9415256848
lanhi 3- QSly [kku] 24@84 ÝSUM~l ,ikVZes.V] x¶Qkj eafty]
tkfe;k uxj] ubZ fnYyh] eks- 9999746196

ewY; % iqLrd ysus okyh dh ln~bPNk vuqlkj

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:34 PM
Hkkjr flQZ fgUnqvksa dk ns'k ugha gSA ;g
eqfLye] blkbZ o ikjfl;ksa dk Hkh ns'k gSA ;g
ns'k rHkh etcwr o fodflr cu ldrk gS tc
Hkkjr esa jgus okys fofHkUu leqnk; vkilh
lkSgkn~;Z ds lkFk jgsaxsA ;s esjh vk'kk vkSj
izkFkZuk gS fd thou o izdk'k dk ;g tks dsUnz
vfLrRo esa vk jgk gS mlls ,sls Nk= fudysaxs
tks u flQZ ckSf)d :i ls nqfu;k dh nwljh
txgksa ls fudyus okys Nk=ksa dh cjkcjh dj lefiZr
ldsaxs cfYd ,d mRd`"V thou th ldsaxs]
vius ns'k ls izse djsaxs rFkk loksZPp lRrk ds izksQslj lq/khj tSu dks ftUgksaus 18 o"kks± ds ckn
eq>s vfHk;kaf=dh v/;kiu ds fy, Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh
izfr oQknkj jgsaxsA laLFkku] xka/khuxj] cqyk;k
&iafMr enu eksgu ekyoh;
o
laLFkkid] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
izksQslj jtho laxy dks ftUgksaus eq>s dk'kh fgUnw
fo'ofo|ky; esa i<+kus dk ekSdk fn;k
eSa rqels vlger gks ldrk gwa] fdarq
rqEgkjs viuh ckr dgus ds vf/kdkj dh eSa
viuh e`R;q rd Hkh j{kk d:axkA
&okWYrs;j

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:34 PM
dalyVsalh dk dke dj pyk jgh FkhaA eSaus Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku]
Hkwfedk
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds funs'kd izksQslj jktho laxy dks fy[kk
eSaus dSfyQksfuZ;k fo'ofo|ky;] cdZys ls 1992 esa ;kaf=d ftUgsa eSa 2012 esa tc os Hkkjrh; lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] gSnjkckn ds
vfHk;kaf=dh esa ih,p-Mh- djus ds ckn Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] funs'kd Fks rc vPNh rjg tku x;k Fkk D;ksafd ogka eSaus ,d gQ~rk jg
dkuiqj esa 1992 o 1993 esa Ms<+ o"kZ i<+k;k vkSj fQj laLFkku NksM+dj dj ^Hkkjr esa tehuh Lrj ij etcwr gksrk yksdra=^ lk;adkyhu dkslZ
iw.kZdkfyd lkekftd dk;Z djus ds mn~ns'; ls cfy;k vius i<+k;k Fkk ftlesa izksQslj laxy izR;sd fnu vkdj cSBrs FksA mUgksaus eq>s
ukuk&ukuh ds ikl pyk x;kA dkuiqj NksM+rs le; eSaus dHkh lkspk Hkh v)Z dkfyd fu;qfDr nsus dh is'kd'k dh ftlesa eq>s vk/kh ru[okg ij
ugha Fkk fd nksckjk dHkh vfHk;kaf=dh fo"k; i<+kÅaxkA gQ~rs esa rhu fnu i<+kuk FkkA esjs fy, ;g cgqr vuqdwy Fkk D;ksafd
2007 esa esjs fe= 'kkfjd glu tks ml le; dkusZxh esysu ifjokj ds fy, ,d fu;fer vk; dh O;oLFkk ds lkFk lkFk eSa viuk
fo'ofo|ky;] fiV~lcxZ esa ih,p-Mh- dj jgs Fks us esjs fy, ,d rhu lkekftd&jktuhfrd dke Hkh tkjh j[k ldrk FkkA esjs fy, ;g
fnolh; dkslZ i<+kus dk volj miyC/k djk;kA bl dkslZ dk fo"k; eSaus blfy, Hkh lqfo/kktud Fkk D;ksafd eSa jkf= dh xkM+h idM+dj y[kuÅ]
j[kk ^Hkkjr esa tehuh Lrj ij etcwr gksrk yksdra=^A blds ckn eSaus tgka esjk ?kj gS] ls okjk.klh vkrk Fkk] rhu fnu i<+krk Fkk vkSj fQj
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] xka/khuxj ds funs'kd izksQslj lq/khj tSu ls rhljh jkr okil gks ysrk FkkA ifjlj ij izksQslj laxy us esjh vfrfFk
eq>s ;g dkslZ xka/khuxj esa i<+kus dk ekSdk nsus dk vkxzg fd;k ftlds x`g] ftls ^xka/kh izkS|ksfxdh iwoZ Nk= dsUnz^ ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gS] esa
fy, os 2011 esa lg"kZ rS;kj gks x,A mlh o"kZ mUgksaus eq>s vius laLFkku esa fu%'kqYd jgus dh O;oLFkk djok nh FkhA okjk.klh esa i<+kus dk ekSdk
vafre o"kZ ds ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh esa ch-Vsd- dj jgs Nk=ksa dks daVªksy ikdj eSa blfy, Hkh [kq'k Fkk D;ksafd eSaus blh laLFkku ds 1982&86 ds
flLVe i<+kus ds fy, dgkA eq>s Hkjkslk ugha Fkk fd eSa 18 o"kksaZ ds ckn njE;ku ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh esa Lukrd Lrj dh i<+kbZ iwjh dh Fkh o 2003
vfHk;kaf=dh dk dkslZ i<+k ikÅaxkA fdarq muds izksRlkgu dh otg ls eSaus vkSj 2004 esa nks ckj jktkrkykc dLcs] tks 'kgj ls djhc 15 fdyksehVj
;g dkslZ i<+k;kA vr% eq>s vfHk;kaf=dh f'k{k.k dk;Z esa okil ykus dk bykgkckn ekxZ ij gS] esa fLFkr dksdk dksyk dEiuh }kjk HkwxHkZ ty nksgu
Js; izksQslj lq/khj tSu dks tk,xkA 2011 esa gh eSa fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds f[kykQ vkanksyu esa tsy Hkh tk pqdk Fkk] ftldh otg ls okjk.klh esa
ds HkwriwoZ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k jkftUnj lPpj] tks ykgkSj esa vius Nk= esjk dkQh ifjp; FkkA
thou ls gh lektoknh fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus yxs Fks] ds dgus ij bl rjg eq>s dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dks ,d Nk= o f'k{kd
lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ¼bf.M;k½ esa 'kkfey gks x;kA nksuksa dh gSfl;r ls ns[kus dk ekSdk feyk gSA 'kS{kf.kd l= 2013&14 ls
2013 esa tc gekjh igyh larku pSrU; fo|ky; dh f'k{kk iwjh eSaus Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa i<+kuk 'kq:
dj egkfo|ky; ;k fo'ofo|ky; dh ngyht ij [kM+k Fkk rc esjh iRuh fd;kA esjs lkFk laLFkku dk okf"kZd vuqca/k FkkA izR;sd o"kZ ds var esa
v#a/krh /kq: dks yxk fd tc rd gekjs nksuksa cPps fo'ofo|ky; Lrj vxys o"kZ dk vuqca/k gks tkrk FkkA fdarq rhljs o"kZ ds e/; esa
dh f'k{kk iwjh ugha dj ysrs rc rd ifjokj dh ,d fu;fer vk; gksuk fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr izksQslj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh us laLFkku ds
t:jh gSA vHkh rd ifjokj dk [kpZ eq[;r% v#a/krh vfu;fer lapkyd e.My dh cSBd esa esjk vuqca/k lekIr djok fn;kA esjs Åij
(1) (2)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:34 PM
tks vkjksi yxk, x, mlesa esjk f'k{k.k ns'k fojks/kh gksus] esjk uDlyh mn~ns'; ls djk;k Fkk fd Nk= muds n`f"Vdks.k dks le>saA vkf[kj muds
leFkZd gksus ds vykok esjs Åij Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk izfrcaf/kr fQYe tSlk ,d iwoZ Nk= ,d vyx /kkjk esa D;ksa pyk x;k\ tc fo'ofo|ky;
*bf.M;kt+ MkWVlZ]* tks fuHkZ;k cykRdkj dkaM ds ckn cukbZ xbZ Fkh dks esa jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s bUnsz'k dqekj fdlh dk;Zdze esa vk ldrs
ch-Vsd- r`rh; o"kZ ds Nk=ksa dh viuh *fodkl v/;;u* dh d{kk esa gSa ftuds Åij ce /kekds djkus dk vkjksi gS rks iz'kkar jkgh D;ksa ugha\
fn[kkus] ftls lkbZcj vijk/k crk;k x;k] dk vkjksi FkkA gykafd ckn esa esjh bl d{kk esa /kkrqdh; vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx ds foHkkxk/;{k izksQslj
fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; izkWDVj o yadk Fkkus ds Fkkuk/;{k ds vkxzg ij eSaus vkj-ds- e.My vkSj Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku esa Nk= ekeyksa ds Mhu
;g fQYe d{kk esa ugha fn[kkbZ ysfdu ,d nwljh fQYe fn[kkdj ;kSu izksQslj vf'ke dqekj eq[kthZ Hkh vfrfFk;ksa ds :i esa ekStwn Fks vkSj mUgas
fgalk fo"k; ij ppkZ gqbZA ysfdu rc rd bZ&esy }kjk *bf.M;kt+ MkWVlZ] iz'kkar jkgh dh dksbZ Hkh ckr vkifÙktud ugha yxhA
dk fyad Nk=ksa dks Hkstk tk pqdk FkkA ;g fQYe fn[kkus dk fu.kZ; eSaus fo'ofo|ky; ls eq>s fudkyus dh lkft'k esa dqyifr ds vykok
blfy, fy;k Fkk D;ksafd ifjlj ij yM+fd;ksa@efgykvksa ds lkFk ;kSu Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku esa QSdYVh ekeyksa ds Mhu izksQslj /kuat;
mRihM+u dh ?kVuk,a gksrh Fkha vkSj vkerkSj ij fuHkZ;k dkaM ds igys tks ik.Ms; o ,slk esjk vuqeku gS fd jktuhfr foKku ds izksQslj dkS'ky
izpyu esa Fkk ,slh ?kVukvksa dks nckus dh dksf'k'k dh tkrh FkhA dqN gh fd'kksj feJ 'kkfey Fks ftuds ek/;e ls jktuhfr foKku esa ,e-,- f}rh;
fnuksa igys izca/ku foHkkx ds ,d izksQslj lkgc us vius d{k esa NqV~Vh ds o"kZ ds Nk= vfouk'k ik.Ms; ls esjs f[kykQ f'kdk;r djokbZ xbZA ;s
fnu ,d Nk=k dks cqykdj mldk uktk;t Qk;nk mBkus dh dksf'k'k lHkh lTtu jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s gq, gSaA vfouk'k ik.Ms; esjs
dhA ml yM+dh us izksQslj dh iqfyl o fo'ofo|ky; nksuksa txg lkFk igys fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; }kj ij ,d /kjuk ns pqdk Fkk] ftldk
f'kdk;r dhA izksQslj lkgc dks tekur djkuh iM+hA ;g yM+dh] tks fp= iqLrd ds eq[; vkoj.k ij gSA
izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku dh Nk=k ugha Fkh] fQj Hkh esjh d{kk esa vkbZ vkSj mlus
21 flrEcj] 2017 dks ifjlj ij ,d yM+dh ds lkFk gqbZ
lHkh Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds lkeus viuh vki&chrh lqukbZA eq>s bl ckr dh
NsM+&NkM+ dh ?kVuk ds ckn dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa Nk=ksa dk tks
[kq'kh gS fd bl Nk=k us esjh d{kk dk ekgkSy blds fy, mi;qDr le>k
vkanksyu gqvk mls ,sfrgkfld crk;k x;k D;ksafd mlus bl izfl)
fd og [kqy dj viuh ckr dj ikbZA eSaus fo'ofo|ky; ls fudkys tkus
fo'ofo|ky;] ftldh egkurk dks c<+k&p<+k dj crkus dh ,d ijEijk
ds ckn tuojh 2016 esa okjk.klh NksM+ fn;k FkkA
gS] ds ikjEifjd :f<+oknh ewY;ksa dks pqukSrh nh FkhA bl fo'ofo|ky; ds
esjk vuqeku gS fd eq>s fo'ofo|ky; ls jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k laLFkkid enu eksgu ekyoh; us ns'k gh ugha nqfu;k ds tkus ekus fo}kuksa
ds yksxksa us blfy, fudkyk D;ksafd os iwjs fo'ofo|ky; dks viuh dks ;gka ykdj bls ,d fo'o Lrjh; laLFkku cukus dh dksf'k'k dh fdarq
fxjQ~r esa ysuk pkgrs Fks vkSj Nk=ksa dk vU; fdlh fopkj/kkjk ls ifjp; mudk fgUnw egklHkk ls tqM+ko o muds vuq;kf;;ksa dh ladh.kZ lksp us
ugha gksus nsuk pkgrs FksA muds bl mn~ns'; esa eSa ck/kd cu jgk FkkA esjh ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k fd bl fo'ofo|ky; esa vk/kqfud rdZ'khy lksp dk
^fodkl v/;;u^ dh d{kk esa iz'kkar jkgh] tks blh fo'ofo|ky; ls ch- izHkko ugha jgsxk cfYd Hkkjrh; laLd`fr ds uke ij tkfroknh]
Vsd- fd, gq, gSa vkSj ftuds Åij uDlyh gksus dk vkjksi Fkk ysfdu ml lkEiznkf;d o fir`lRrkRed ewY; gh gkoh jgsaxsA dsUnz esa ujsUnz eksnh dh
le; tekur ij Fks] us viuk oDrO; j[kkA mudk O;k[;ku eSaus blh Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh ljdkj cuus ds ckn jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k us
(3) (4)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
iwjh rjg ls 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa dks vius f'kdats esa ysus dh dksf'k'k dh lkft'k o lekt esa lkEiznkf;d lksp ds tgj dks ?kksyus ds izfr esjh
vkSj jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh tSls O;fDr dks fpark o xqLlk >ydrk gSA
;gka dk dqyifr cuk;k x;k rkfd fdlh fdLe dk izxfr'khy fopkj ifjf'k"V 1 o 2 esa esjs fudkys tkus ds ckn dh izfrfdz;k nh xbZ
ifjlj ij iuius gh u ik,A gSA esjk oSpkfjd :i ls leFkZu djus okyksa dh izfrfdz;k ifjf'k"V 3 esa nh
fo'ofo|ky; dh ikjEifjd :f<+oknh lksp dks pqukSrh ,dne xbZ gSA ifjf'k"V 4 dqN egroiw.kZ v[kckjksa esa Nis esjs lk{kkRdkj o ys[k
vukisf{kr txg ls vkbZA ;g fdlh dzkafrdkjh Nk= laxBu ls ugha fn, x, gSaA ifjf'k"V 5 esa nh xbZ lkexzh ls esjh d{kkvksa esa gksus okyh
vfirq lkekU; yM+fd;ksa ds lewg us [kM+h dhA yM+fd;ka flQZ vius fy, ppkZvksa ds ckjs esa vanktk yxk;k tk ldrk gSA ifjf'k"V 6 esa esjh
,d lqjf{kr ifjlj pkgrh Fkha vkSj fir`lRrkred lksp ds f[kykQ FkhaA Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds lkFk d{kk ds ckgj fo'ofo|ky; ds vkl&ikl {ks= esa
mUgksaus rkuk'kkgh izo`fRr okys dqyifr dks NqV~Vh ij tkus ds fy, etcwj pyus okyh xfrfof/k;ksa dh tkudkjh feysxhA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k
dj fn;kA ;g yM+fd;ksa ds fy, cM+h thr FkhA pkgrk Fkk fd ;fn ,slk dke gksuk gS rks og mlds rRoko/kku esa gks] tks
dqyifr dk esjs Åij vkjksi Fkk fd eSa Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks esjs ifjlj ij jgrs lEHko ugha FkkA ifjf'k"V 7 esa okjk.klh ds vkl&ikl
/kjuk&izn'kZu djuk fl[kkdj dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dks tokgjyky ds ftyksa] lksuHknz o fetkZiqj esa dUgj cka/k vkSj voS/k iRFkj] ckyw [kuu o
usg: fo'ofo|ky; cukuk pkgrk gwaA esjs fo'ofo|ky; NksM+us ds ckn blh fo"k; ij ,d in;k=k dh tkudkjh gS tks dke eSaus fo'ofo|ky; esa
Hkh dqyifr egksn; Nk=ksa }kjk fd, x, fdlh Hkh izn'kZu ds fy, eq>s gh jgrs gq, fd, FksA ;g esjk lkSHkkX; gS fd dUgj cka/k eq>s izksQslj xq:
nks"kh ekurs jgs vkSj yksxksa dks crkrs Fks fd ;s lc lanhi ik.Ms; djokrs nkl vxzoky] tks 2011 esa Lokeh Kku Lo:i lkuan cu x, Fks] ds lkFk
gSaA eq>s bl ckr dh [kq'kh gS fd Nk=kvksa us varr% tokgjyky usg: tkus dk ekSdk feyk FkkA Kkr gks fd izksQslj xq: nkl vxzoky dh xaxk
fo'ofo|ky; okyk gh] ;kuh vkanksyu okyk] jkLrk viuk dj u flQZ ds laj{k.k gsrq dkuwu cukus dh ekax dks ysdj 112 fnuksa rd vu'ku
dqyifr egksn; dks NqV~Vh ij tkus ds fy, foo'k fd;k vkSj djus ds ckn 11 vDVwcj] 2018 dks vf[ky Hkkjrh; vk;qfoZKku laLFkku]
fo'ofo|ky; dks ,d vU;k;h iz'kkld ls eqfDr fnykbZ] cfYd ,d _f"kds'k esa ekSr gks xbZ FkhA eSa Nk=ksa dks ftyk fetkZiqj ds vgjkSjk {ks=]
vU;k;h ljdkj ds iz/kku ea=h] tks okjk.klh ds lkaln Hkh gSa] ds f[kykQ tks ifjlj ls ek= 40 fdyksehVj dh nwjh ij gS] esa voS/k [kuu fn[kkus ys
Hkh fojks/k izn'kZu djus dh fgEer fn[kkbZA ge mEehn djrs gSa fd tkuk pkgrk Fkk rkfd Nk= le>sa fd izkS|ksfxdh dk O;kid iSekus ij
Nk=kvksa ds bl lQy vkanksyu dh rkfdZd ifj.kfr varr% dk'kh fgUnw nq:i;ksx o mlls i;kZoj.k dks {kfr dSls igqap jgh gS fdarq jklk;fud
fo'ofo|ky; dks ,d lkearh&tkfroknh&lkEiznkf;d&fir`lRrkred vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx ds esjs foHkkxk/;{k izksQslj ,-,l-ds- flUgk bl
eqDr lksp ifjlj ds :i esa LFkkfir djus esa gksxhA izLrko ls lger ugha FksA ifjf'k"V 8 esa esjs i{k esa mPp U;k;ky;
bykgkckn }kjk fn;k x;k ,sfrgkfld fu.kZ; gS ftlds ckn Hkh
bl iqLrd esa esjs dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls fudkys tkus ds
fo'ofo|ky; esa dqyifr us esjh cgkyh ugha gksus nhA
ckn ls ysdj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh ds fo'ofo|ky; NksM+us rd fy[ks x,
20 ys[kksa dh Ja[k`yk ladfyr gSA bu ys[kksa esa jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k }kjk bl iqLrd dks rS;kj djus ds fy, esjs fe= Hkkjrh; izks|ksfxd
;kstukc) rjhds ls ns'k ds mPp 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa dks cjckn djus dh laLFkku] eqEcbZ ds izksQslj vkse nekuh }kjk miyC/k djkbZ xbZ vkfFkZd
(5) (6)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
lgk;rk ds fy, eSa mudk vkHkkjh gwaA mEehn gS ikBdksa ds fy, ;g izkDdFku
iqLrd #fpiw.kZ gksxhA
MkWDVj lanhi ikaMs xka/khoknh lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ vkSj fopkjd
lanhi gSaA MkW- ikaMs dh vkSipkfjd mPp f'k{kk vfHk;kaf=dh ¼bathfu;jh½ ds fo"k;
esa gqbZ gSA mUgksaus Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fganw fo'ofo|ky; ls
ch-Vsd-] fljSD;wl ;wfuoflZVh] U;w ;kWdZ] ls ,e-Vsd- vkSj dSfyQksfuZ;k
fo'ofo|ky;] cdZys] ls ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh esa ih,p-Mh- dh gSA o"kZ
1992&1993 esa mUgksaus vkbZvkbZVh] dkuiqj] esa v/;kiu dk;Z fd;kA
ysfdu muds ekuoh; ljksdkj mUgsa turk ds chp dke djus ds fy,
[khap ys x,A mUgksaus mRrj izns'k ds igys cfy;k fQj gjnksbZ bykds esa
^vk'kk* laLFkk dk xBu djds tehuh Lrj ij yksdra= dks etcwr cukus
dk dke 'kq: fd;kA muds bl fn'kk esa fd, x, iz;klksa ds fy, mUgsa
jseu eSXlsls iqjLdkj Hkh feyk gSA blds lkFk os eq[;r% i;kZoj.k laca/kh
eqn~nksa ij yxkrkj dke djrs gSaA
MkW- ikaMs dks vxLr 2013 esa dk'kh fganw fo'ofo|ky; esa
v)Zdkfyd vfrfFk izksQslj ds crkSj v/;kiu ds fy, vkeaf=r fd;k
x;k FkkA ;g O;oLFkk ,d lky ds fy, Fkh] ftls lky ds var esa vxys
lky ds fy, c<+k;k tk ldrk FkkA bl O;oLFkk ds rgr vxLr 2014
vkSj 2015 esa mUgsa lsok&foLrkj fn;k x;kA ysfdu Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh
laLFkku ds cksMZ vkWQ xouZjl~ us ,e-,- jktuhfr'kkL= ds ,d Nk= dh
f'kdk;r ij chp esa gh] tuojh 2016 esa] mudk vuqca/k fujLr dj fn;kA
cksMZ dh rjQ ls mu ij ^uDlyoknh* vkSj ^jk"Vª&fojks/kh xfrfof/k;ksa esa
lafyIr gksus* tSls vkjksi yxk, x, Fks! MkW- ikaMs dks mu ij yxk, x,
vkjksiksa dk tokc nsus dk volj Hkh ugha fn;k x;kA bl ?kVuk ls
vdknfed txr vkSj ukxfjd lekt esa O;kid Lrj ij vk'p;Z vkSj
vkØks'k iSnk gqvkA MkW- ikaMs us vuqca/k fujLr djus ds QSlys dks dk'kh
fganw fo'ofo|ky; ds rRdkyhu dqyifr vkSj cksMZ ds v/;{k vkj,l,l
ls tqM+s izks- fxjh'kpanz f=ikBh dh ladh.kZ ekufldrk dk urhtk crk;kA
D;ksafd MkW- ikaMs dks cksMZ us viuh lQkbZ nsus dk volj ugha
(7) (8)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
fn;k] mUgksaus etcwju bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; dh 'kj.k yhA vuqdze
U;k;ky; us MkW- ikaMs ij yxk, x, vkjksiksa dh iqf"V u djrs gq, mUgsa
gVk, tkus ds QSlys dks fujLr dj fn;kA gkykafd] tSlk fd ekStwnk 1- jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k us lekIr djk;k esjk dk-fg-fo-fo- esa vuqca/k 11
2- dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr dks tokc 14
ljdkj vkSj mlds leFkZdksa dk yksdrkaf=d laLFkkvksa dh voekuuk
3- jksfgr ge 'kfeZank gSa] nzks.kkpk;Z vHkh ftank gSa! 18
djus dk joS;k gS] U;k;ky; ds QSlys ds ckn Hkh MkW- ikaMs dks fu;qfDr
4- vQty xq: ds uke ij ges'kk fookn D;ksa [kM+k gksrk gS\ 22
ugha nh xbZA iqLrd ds var esa bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; ds QSlys dk 5- dUgS;k ds lkFk ekj&ihV ckcjh efLtn /oal dh ;kn fnyk x;k 26
fooj.k fn;k x;k gS] tks bl iqLrd dk lokZf/kd egRoiw.kZ va'k dgk tk 6- nf{k.k iaFkh jktuhfr dh /kwfey gksrh ped 30
ldrk gSA ekuuh; U;k;/kh'kksa us vius QSlys esa ch,p;w ds laLFkkid 7- vf/kdka'k Hkkjrh; ns'knzksgh ekus tk,axs 34
iafMr enueksgu ekyoh; dks vkSj Qzkafllh nk'kZfud okYrs;j dks] muds 8- _pk flag ml oSpkfjd xBtksM+ dh usrk gSa tks la?k dks pqukSrh nsxk 37
thouh ys[kd ,lth VsyuVk;j ds gokys ls m)`r fd;k gSA 9- jk"Vª dh vo/kkj.kk 41
10- D;k Hkxr flag dHkh *Hkkjr ekrk dh t;* dk ukjk yxkrs\ 45
MkW- ikaMs us ;g iqLrd bl iwjs izdj.k dks lesVrs gq, rS;kj dh
11- la?k ifjokj gekjs mPp f'k{k.k laLFkkuksa dh fo'oluh;rk [kRe djus esa yxk 49
gSA ;g tkuus ds fy, fd ekStwnk eksnh ljdkj ds rgr
12- QSlyk ftlus laoS/kkfud vf/kdkjksa dh odkyr dh gS 53
vkj,l,l@Hkktik us fdl rjg ls f'k{k.k laLFkkvksa dk fouk'k fd;k gS] 13- pquko esa 'kS{kf.kd ik=rk dh ckr djus okyksa dh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk lafnX/k 57
;g iqLrd ,d t:jh nLrkost gSA iqLrd esa jk"Vªokn] ns'kHkfDr] 14- fdzdsV ls dSls r; gks ldrh gS ns'kHfDr\ 61
i;kZoj.k] f'k{kk] vkradokn tSls izklafxd fo"k;ksa ij Hkh fopkj&foe'kZ 15- nfyr vfLerk ds fy, la?k"kZ 65
feyrk gSA 16- ,d vkSj ifjlj mcky ij 69
17- la?k ifjokj dh jktuhfr esa fgalk ds cht 73
;g iqLrd Nk=ksa] f'k{kdksa] fo}kuksa ds lkFk lkekU; ukxfjdksa dks
18- 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa dks ihNs ys tkus okyh ckrsa 76
Hkh i<+uh pkfg,A eq>s vk'kk gS fd ;g iqLrd i<+ dj ikBd ;g fopkj
19- dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr dh ?kksj vlQyrk 80
Hkh djsaxs fd ns'k esa cM+h la[;k esa izxfr'khy vkSj mnkjoknh fo}kuksa] 20- dqyifr ds NqV~Vh pys tkus ls vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh- dh leL;k dk gy dSls gksxk\ 84
fopkjdksa] ys[kdksa ds jgrs vkj,l,l@Hkktik f'k{kk vkSj 'kks/k ds 21- ifjf'k"V 1% tuojh 2016 esa vuqca/k lekIr gksus ij tkjh igyk oDrO; 88
laLFkkuksa dks u"V djus dh gSfl;r esa dSls igqap x,\ MkW- lanhi ikaMs dks 22- ifjf'k"V 2% 13 tuojh] 2016 dks dqyifr ds lokyksa dk fn;k x;k tokc 90
iqLrd ds :i esa bl egRoiw.kZ vonku ds fy, lk/kqoknA 23- ifjf'k"V 3% esjs leFkZu esa oDrO; 92
24- ifjf'k"V 4% izeq[k lekpkj i=ksa esa lk{kkRdkj o ys[k 107
izse flag
25- ifjf'k"V 5% lkexzh tks Nk=ksa ds lkFk ppkZ* gsrq lk>k dh xbZ 123
fganh foHkkx] fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; 26- ifjf'k"V 6% Nk=ksa ds lkFk vU; xfrfof/k;ka 158
iwoZ Qsyks] Hkkjrh; mPp v/;;u laLFkku] f'keyk 27- ifjf'k"V 7% lksuHknz o fetkZiqj esa dUgj cka/k o voS/k [kuu ij vk[;k 171
28- ifjf'k"V 8% mPp U;k;ky; dk QSlyk 182

(9) (10)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
1 lksp tqM+h gh gqbZ gS dHkh Hkh lerkewyd U;k;iw.kZ lekt ds fy, la?k"kZ
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k us lekIr djk;k dks le> gh ugha ldrhA
esjk dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa vuqca/k fuHkZ;k ij fczfV'k czkWMdkfLaVx dkWiksZjs'ku }kjk cukbZ xbZ
MkWD;wes.Vjh fQYe ftls Hkkjr ljdkj us izfrcaf/kr fd;k Fkk] eSa viuh
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku esa <kbZ d{kk esa 11 ekpZ] 2015 dks fn[kkus okyk Fkk fdarq d{kk ls igys eq[;
o"kZ i<+kus ds i'pkr esjk vuqca/k le; ls iwoZ gh lekIr dj fn;k x;k gSA izkWDVj o yadk ds Fkkuk/;{k ds vk tkus ls vkSj muds euk djus ij eSaus
21 fnlEcj] 2015 dks Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds cksMZ vkWQ xouZjl~ ml fQYe dk izn'kZu ugha fd;kA eq[; izkWDVj rks eq>ls d{kk gh jn~n
dh cSBd esa esjk vuqca/k lekIr djus dk fu.kZ; dqyifr izksQslj fxjh'k djus dks dg jgs Fks fdarq pwafd ppkZ ij Hkkjr ljdkj us dksbZ jksd ugha
pUnz f=ikBh] tks dsUnzh; ljdkj dh ekuo lalk/ku ea=h }kjk ftu ikap yxkbZ Fkh vr% eSaus efgyk fgalk ds eqn~ns ij ,d vU; fQYe fn[kk dj
ukeksa dh cksMZ vkWQ xouZjl~ us laLrqfr dh Fkh dks utjvankt dj ppkZ djokbZA vHkh dqN eghuksa igys U;w ;kWdZ ds dksyfEc;k
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ij v/;{k ds :i esa Fkksis x, Fks] rFkk Hkkjrh; fo'ofo|ky; dh ,d Nk=k] ftlds lkFk mlh ds ,d lgikBh us
izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds QSdYVh ekeyksa ds Mhu izksQslj /kuat; ik.Ms; ds cykRdkj fd;k Fkk] us vius ,d izksQslj dh jk; ij ifjlj esa ,d xn~nk
ncko esa fy;k x;kA izksQslj f=ikBh us dbZ o"kksZa ls bykgkckn ysdj ?kweuk 'kq: fd;kA ;g xn~nk mlds cks> dk izrhd FkkA Nk=k us
fo'ofo|ky;] tgka ls os igys ru[okg ysrs Fks] esa dksbZ d{kk ugha i<+kbZ ;g Hkwfedk yh fd tc rd nks"kh Nk= fuyafcr ugha fd;k tkrk rc rd
vkSj u gh dksbZ 'kks/k i= izdkf'kr fd;k gS fQj Hkh os ,d dsUnzh; og ;wa gh xn~nk ysdj lc txg tk,xhA ;gka rd fd Nk=k xn~ns dks
fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr cuk, x, gSa ;g vk'p;Z dk fo"k; gSA esjs fo'ofo|ky; ds nh{kkar lekjksg esa Hkh ysdj pyh xbZA pkj vU; Nk=kvksa
f[kykQ ;s vkjksi gSa fd eSaus ljdkj }kjk izfrcaf/kr fuHkZ;k dkaM ls tqM+h us mldk xn~nk eap ij p<+kus esa enn dhA mlh nh{kkar lekjksg esa nks"kh
,d fQYe viuh d{kk esa fn[kkus dk fu.kZ; fy;k Fkk] eSa uDlyoknh gwa Nk= dks Hkh fMxzh feyh ftlus fo'ofo|ky; ds f[kykQ ekugkfu dk
vkSj jk"Vª fojks/kh xfrfof/k;ksa esa lafyIr gwaA 6 tuojh] 2016 ds ,d eqdnek nk;j fd;kA ,d rjQ dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; dk iz'kklu gS
vkns'k esa funs'kd] Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku us fcuk dksbZ dkj.k crk, tks ,d dher pqdk dj Hkh ihfM+rk ds lkFk [kM+k jgk vkSj nwljh rjQ
dgk gS fd i= ls ,d ekg dh vof/k iwjk gksus ij esjk vuqca/k lekIr gks dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; gS tks efgyk fgalk ij ppkZ Hkh ugha gksus nsuk
tk,xkA pkgrk vkSj fdlh iq#"k izksQslj }kjk fdlh Nk=k vFkok efgyk dehZ ds
lkFk ;kSu 'kks"k.k dh ?kVukvksa esa vius iq#"k izksQslj dks gh cpkus dh
eSa ;gka ;g Li"V djuk pkgrk gwa fd eSa dksbZ uDlyoknh ugha gwaA
dksf'k'k djrk gSA
eSa vius vki dks xka/khoknh fopkj/kkjk ds lcls utnhd ikrk gwaA fdarq
uDlyoknh tks eqn~ns mBkrs gSa mudk eSa leFkZu djrk gwa Hkys gh eSa muds eSa jk"Vª dh vo/kkj.kk ;k jk"Vª dh lhekvksa dks ugha ekurk tks esjk
rjhdksa ls lger u gksÅaA eSa ;g Hkh ekurk gwa fd uDlyh gksus ds fy, ekuuk gS fd euq"; dks /keZ o tkfr dh rjg d`f=e Jsf.k;ksa esa ckaVrh gSaA
cgqr lkgl o R;kx dh t:jr iM+rh gS ftruh {kerk eq>esa ugha gSA vr% eSa jk"Vª ds fojks/k esa ;k jk"Vª ds i{k esa rks gks gh ugha ldrkA eSa
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh czkã.koknh fopkj/kkjk ftlds lkFk tkfroknh jk"Vªoknh ugha vfirq varjkZ"Vªoknh ;k mlls Hkh csgrj czãk.Moknh]
(11) (12)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
ftlesa izd`fr Hkh 'kkfey gS] gwaA oSls Hkh ,sls yksxksa }kjk jk"Vª nzksgh gksus ds 2-
vkjksi yxkus] tks ml fopkj/kkjk dks ekurs gSa ftlus vius vki dks
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds
Hkkjr ds Lora=rk vkanksyu ls vyx j[kk] tks egkRek xka/kh dh gR;k ds
fy, ftEesnkj gS] ftlus ckcjh efLtn /oal dj Hkkjr esa vkradokn dqyifr dks tokc
uked leL;k dks U;kSrk fn;k vkSj tks ns'k esa de&ls&de ikap ce
;g flQZ jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k }kjk fu;af=r
foLQksV dh ?kVukvksa & nks ekysxkao esa] gSnjkckn] vtesj o le>kSrk
fo'ofo|ky; esa gh lEHko gS fd jktuhfr 'kkL= ds ,d fo|kFkhZ
,Dlizsl &dks vatke nsus ds fy, ftEesnkj gS] dks eSa xEHkhjrk ls ugha
dh f'kdk;r ij Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds ,d izksQslj dks
ysrkA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh fopkj/kkjk esa fgalk ds cht gSa tks Hkkjr
fudkyk tk,!
dks nh?kZdkfyd leL;kxzLr jk"Vª esa rCnhy dj nsxkA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod
la?k dh lksp Hkkjr ds lkekftd rkus&ckus dks {kfrxzLr dj] gekjs Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;] ds cksMZ
Lora=rk lsukfu;ksa }kjk ns[ks x, liuksa vkSj lafo/kku esa fn, x, ewY;ksa ds vkWQ xouZjl~ dh cSBd esa esjs foftfVax QSdYVh ds vuqca/k lekIr djus
vk/kkj ij izR;sd ifjokj dks fcuk HksnHkko ds lEekutud <ax ls thus o ds fu.kZ; ds lanHkZ esa mBs fookn dh i`"BHkwfe esa fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr
vkthfodk ds vf/kdkj iznku djus okys] vk/kqfud Hkkjr ds fuekZ.k esa izksQslj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh us Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds funs'kd
ck/kk cusxhA izksQslj jktho laxy ds ek/;e ls eq>ls ;g iqNok;k gS fd eSa laLFkku ds
eqn~ns dks fo'ofo|ky; dk eqn~nk D;ksa cuk jgk gwa] eSa dqyifr ds f[kykQ
eq>s bl ckr dk dksbZ vQlksl ugha fd dk'kh fgUnw
O;fDrxr vkjksi D;ksa yxk jgk gwa rFkk bl iwjs ekeys esa D;ksa u U;kf;d
fo'ofo|ky; ds Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku esa esjk vuqca/k lekIr dj
tkap cSBkbZ tk,\
fn;k x;k gS D;ksafd ;g QSlyk esjh vdknfed ;ksX;rk esa fdlh deh ds
vk/kkj ij ugha cfYd esjh ,d jktuhfrd fopkj/kkjk esa fu"Bk vkSj dqyifr izksQslj f=ikBh] tks dsUnzh; ljdkj dh ekuo lalk/ku
lkekftd dkeksa dks ysdj fy;k x;k gSA esjs Nk=ksa] deZpkfj;ksa] izksQsljksa ea=h }kjk ftu ikap ukeksa dh Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds cksMZ vkWQ
o ifjlj ds vkl&ikl jgus okys leqnk;ksa ds lkFk fcrk, {k.k ;knxkj xouZjl~ us laLrqfr dh Fkh dks utjvankt dj v/;{k ds :i esa Fkksis x,
jgsaxsA eSa Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds funs'kd izksQslj jktho laxy ds Fks] us Hkys gh esjs lEca/k esa fu.kZ; cksMZ vkWQ xouZjl~ ds v/;{k ds :i esa
izfr d`rK gwa fd mUgksaus eq>s bl ckr dh NwV nh fd eSa ijh{kk u ysdj fy;k gks u fd fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr ds :i esa] ysfdu muds le; esa
,d izfrLi/kkZ&jfgr ekgkSy esa gjsd Nk= ls O;fDrxr lk{kkRdkj ds ftl rjg ls jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s v;ksX; yksxksa dh fu;fer
vk/kkj ij mldk ewY;kadu dj ldwa ftlesa Nk= dks viuh le> f'k{kd ds inksa ij fu;qfDr;ka vkSj vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ls tqM+s
fodflr djus ds ftrus og pkgs mrus ekSds feyrs gSaA bl iz.kkyh ij v;ksX; Nk=ksa ds nkf[kys gks jgs gSa] tc rd izksQslj f=ikBh ds dqyifr
eq>s vkWfLVª;k esa 12 ls 17 fnlEcj] 2015] ds nkSjku lkYtcxZ xkscy vFkok jk"Vªh; yksdrkaf=d xBca/ku dh ljdkj dk dk;Zdky iwjk gksxk
lsfeukj] ftls ,tqds'kuy VsfLVax lfoZl] fizalVu] }kjk izk;ksftr fd;k rc rd dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dh vdknfed xq.koRrk dks viwfrZuh;
x;k Fkk] esa izLrqfrdj.k dk ekSdk feykA {kfr igqap pqdh gksxhA Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds usr`Ro okyh ljdkj ds
(13) (14)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
dk;Zdky esa mPp f'k{kk ds laLFkkuksa] ftuesa fQYe ,oa Vsyhfotu ls] fd o"kksZa rd d{kk u i<+kus o dksbZ 'kks/k u djus ds ckotwn os dqyifr
baLVhV~;wV vkWQ bf.M;k ,d nwljk mnkgj.k gS] dh xq.koRrk ds lkFk dSls cu x,] os ijs'kku gq, gSaA varj flQZ ;g gS fd os esjs f[kykQ
/kM+Yys ls f[kyokM+ fd;k tk jgk gSA esjs f[kykQ fo'ofo|ky; ls xSj&vdknfed ckrksa dks ysdj vkjksi yxk jgs gSa vkSj eSa mudh
jktuhfr 'kkL= esa ,e-,- dj jgs f}rh; o"kZ ds Nk= vfouk'k dqekj vdknfed ;ksX;rk ij iz'u fpUg [kM+k dj jgk gwaA
ik.Ms;] u fd fdlh Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds fdlh Nk=] dh esjs i{k esa [kM+s yksx Hkh esjs Åij yxk, x, vkjksiksa dh tkap dh
f'kdk;r ij esjk vuqca/k lekIr djus dk fu.kZ; ysdj [kqn dqyifr ekax dj jgs gSaA cksMZ vkWQ xouZjl~ us esjs f[kykQ jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k
egksn; us bls fo'ofo|ky; dk eqn~nk cuk fn;k gSA vfouk'k ik.Ms; us }kjk o"kksZa ls fd, tk jgs nq"izpkj ds vk/kkj ij fcuk eq>ls dksbZ
vkjksi yxk;k gS fd esjh Msoysies.V LVMht ds dkslZ esa d{kk] gkftjh o Li"Vhdj.k ekaxs QSlyk fy;k gSA izkd`frd U;k; ds fl)kar ds eqrkfcd
ijh{kk dh vfuok;Zrk ugha gksrh rFkk fcuk ijh{kk ds Nk=ksa dks , xzsM fey n.M nsus ls igys vkjksiksa dks lkfcr fd;k tkuk t:jh gSA ;gka dqyifr
tkrk gSA eSaus viuh gj d{kk i<+kbZ gS bl ckr dh iqf"V dh tk ldrh gSA vkSj muds jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds lg;ksxh izksQslj /kuat; ik.Ms;]
gkftjh o ijh{kk u ysus dh NwV eSaus funs'kd ls ys j[kh FkhA esjk ekuuk gS tks Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds Mhu vkWQ QSdYVh vQs;lZ Hkh gSa vkSj
fd gkftjh dh vfuok;Zrk ds ctk, d{kk jkspd cuk dj Nk=ksa dh d{kk ftUgksaus eq>s lkYtcxZ Xykscy lsfeukj esa Hkkx ysus tkus gsrq esjs ohlk
esa mifLFkfr lqfuf'pr djus dk iz;kl fd;k tkuk pkfg,A ikjEifjd 'kqYd dh izfriwfrZ dk vkosnu vLohdkj dj fn;k Fkk] us vQokgksa ds
ijh{kk rks eSaus blls igys Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] xka/khuxj o vk/kkj ij vius iwokZxzg cSBd esa Fkksis gSaA esjs f[kykQ ,dek= Bksl vkjksi
dkuiqj esa Hkh i<+krs le; ugha yhA esjk vuqca/k lekIr fd, tkus ls dqN fd eSaus ljdkj }kjk izfrcaf/kr fuHkZ;k ds Åij ch-ch-lh- }kjk cukbZ xbZ
jkst igys gh eq>s vkWfLVª;k esa vk;ksftr lkYtcxZ Xykscy lsfeukj esa esjh fQYe dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dEI;wVj ij lk>k dh esa dksbZ ne
ewY;kadu fof/k ij izLrqfrdj.k gsrq cqyk;k x;k FkkA ;g lsfeukj ugha D;ksafd fQYe dk izn'kZu d{kk esa ugha gqvk vkSj izfrcU/k yxus ls
,tqds'kuy VsfLVax lfoZl] fizalVu] tks th-vkj-bZ- o Vks,Qy tSlh igys dbZ yksxksa us bldks vius dEI;wVj ij lqjf{kr j[kk gqvk Fkk o ;g
ifj{kk,a vk;ksftr djrh gS] baVj&vesfjdu Msoyies.V cSad] okf'kaXVu fQYe ns[kh tk ldrh FkhA fQYe dk fo"k; gS efgykvksa ds f[kykQ
Mh-lh-] vejhdk ds us'kuy lkbal QkmaMs'ku o yanu fLFkr jkW;y fgalkA fQYe dks fn[kkus ls u rks dksbZ vjktdrk QSyus dk [krjk Fkk u
lkslkbVh vkWQ vkV~lZ }kjk izk;ksftr fd;k x;k FkkA esjh d{kk esa tks gh jk"Vª dh lqj{kk [krjs esa iM+us okyh FkhA ftruh QqrhZ fo'ofo|ky;
Nk= viuk dke iwjk djrk gS mls gh , xzsM feyrk gS] 'ks"k dks derj iz'kklu us izfrcaf/kr fQYe ds izn'kZu dks jksdus esa fn[kkbZ mruh izca/ku
xzsM feyrs gSa] bl ckr dh Hkh iqf"V dh tk ldrh gSA foHkkx ds mu izksQslj egksn; ds f[kykQ tkap esa ugha fn[kkbZ ftu ij
;g dqyifr egksn; gh Fks ftUgksaus cksMZ dh cSBd esa] ,ts.Mk esa u mlh foHkkx dh ,d Nk=k }kjk fiNys o"kZ ;kSu mRihM+u dk vkjksi
gksrs gq, Hkh] esjk ekeyk mBk;kA mUgksaus esjs Åij uDlyoknh o ns'k yxk;k x;k FkkA bu izksQslj egksn; ds f[kykQ yadk Fkkus esa izkFkfedh
fojks/kh xfrfof/k;ksa esa fyIr gksus dk vkjksi yxk eq>s cnuke fd;k gSA ntZ gS ysfdu fo'ofo|ky; us viuh tkap esa bUgsa funksZ"k ik;k gS vkSj
mUgksaus esjs 'kS{kf.kd dk;Z dks utjvankt djrs gq, xSj&vdknfed ckrksa budh cgkyh dh rS;kjh gks jgh gSA
dks eqn~nk cuk;k gSA ;g jkspd ckr gS fd esjs }kjk ;g eqn~nk mBk, tkus eSa Hkh pkgrk gwa fd esjs f[kykQ vkjksiksa dh U;kf;d tkap gks]
(15) (16)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
ysfdu vkjksi >wBs ik, tkus ij dqyifr egksn; dks bLrhQk nsuk iM+sxkA 3-
¼ckn esa bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; us vius QSlys esa dgk fd esjs Åij tks jksfgr ge 'kfeZank gSa] nzks.kkpk;Z
vkjksi yxk, x, gSa os eq>s cnuke djus o n.M nsus ds mn~ns'; ls yxk,
x, gSa] ;kuh mlus vkjksiksa dks xEHkhjrk ls fy;k gh ughaA½ vHkh ftank gSa!
gSnjkckn dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; ds 'kks/k Nk= jksfgr oseqyk us
Hkys gh viuh vkRegR;k ds igys fy[ks i= esa dgk gks fd mldh
vkRegR;k ds fy, fdlh dks ftEesnkj u Bgjk;k tk, fdarq ;g Li"V gS
fd tkfroknh&lkearh&lkEiznkf;d 'kfDr;ka blds fy, ftEesnkj gSaA
jksfgr dk dguk gS fd fdlh us mls vkRegR;k djus ds fy, mdlk;k
ughaA fdarq fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu us mlds o mlds lkfFk;ksa ij >wBs
vkjksi yxk dj mls ftl rjg fo'ofo|ky; ls fu"dkflr fd;k o
mldh Nk=o`fRr jksdh blds fy, rks og ftEesnkj gS ghA jksfgr dk
dguk gS fd viuh vkRegR;k ds fu.kZ; ds fy, og [kqn ftEesnkj gSA
fdarq ,slk ugha gSA mldh vkRegR;k ds fy, gekjk lekt Hkh nks"kh gS
ftlus ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k ftlesa jksfgr vkRegR;k djus
ds fy, etcwj gqvkA
dsUnzh; ekuo lalk/ku ea=h Le`fr bZjkuh us jksfgr oseqyk dh
tkfr ij loky mBk;k gSA jksfgr dh tkfr dqN Hkh gks ysfdu bl rF;
dks rks dksbZ udkj ugha ldrk fd jksfgr vkSj mlds lkfFk;ksa ij dk;Zokgh
blfy, gqbZ D;ksafd os vEcsMdj Nk= laxBu ds lkFk tqM+s gq, FksA
vEcsMdj ds uke ij laxBu flQZ gSnjkckn gh ugha vU; vdknfed
ifjljksa esa Hkh oafpr lewgksa ds Nk=ksa dk izfrfuf/kRo djrs gSaA vly esa
jksfgr dh tkfr ij loky mBkus okys yksx ;g ipk ugha ik jgs fd ,d
nfyr Nk= us viuh ;ksX;rk ds vk/kkj ij fcuk vkj{k.k dk lgkjk fy,
fo'ofo|ky; esa nkf[kyk dSls ys fy;k\ ;kuh] dksbZ nfyr Nk= vkj{k.k
dk lgkjk ys rks Hkh mlds fy, eqlhcr vkSj u ys rks Hkh! ;gh gS
czkã.koknh O;oLFkk dk na'kA gekjs vdknfed ifjljksa esa nzks.kkpk;Z vHkh
ftank gSaA
(17) (18)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
fdarq nfyr Nk=ksa ds izfrjks/k dh vkokt vc nck ikuk eqf'dy gky gh esa bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; esa izfl) iz=dkj fl)kFkZ onZjktu]
gh yxrk gSA ujsUnz eksnh dks rks bldk ,glkl y[kuÅ esa gks x;k gksxk tks Nk= la?k v/;{kk _pk flag ds esgeku Fks] dk O;k[;ku ugha gksus
tc ogka fLFkr ckck lkgc vEcsMdj fo'ofo|ky; ls i<+s rhu Nk=ksa us fn;k x;k D;ksafd vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ds Nk=ksa] ftudk lh/kk
fo'ofo|ky; ds nh{kkar lekjksg esa ujsUnz eksnh ds f[kykQ ukjs yxk,A laca/k dsUnz esa lRrk:<+ Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ xBca/ku ls gS] us dqyifr
jksfgr oseqyk dh vkRegR;k dk ekeyk 'kk;n orZeku dsUnz ljdkj ds ij ncko cuk dj dk;Zdze dks feyh vuqefr jn~n djok nhA fl)kFkZ
iru dh 'kq#vkr cu ldrk gSA fnYyh esa jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds onZjktu dks uDly leFkZd o ns'knzksgh crk;k x;kA
eq[;ky; dh rjQ c<+rs gq, fofHkUu fo'ofo|ky;ksa ds Nk=&Nk=kvksa ij Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ xBca/ku ds 'kkludky esa ns'k esa yksdra=
ftl rjg iqfyl us ccZjrkiwoZd ykfB;ka pykbZa vkSj cky idM+ dj /khjs&/khjs [kRe gks jgk gSA ;g cM+h fpark dh ckr gSA oSpkfjd vlgefr
?klhVk og Hkktik ljdkj dh NViVkgV n'kkZrk gSA ;fn ujsUnz eksnh ds fy, vdknfed laLFkkuksa o lekt esa Hkh txg lekIr gksrh tk jgh
ljdkj ;g lksp jgh gS fd neu ls bl vkanksyu dks nck;k tk ldrk gS gSA v;ksX; yksxksa dh fu;qfDr;ka o nkf[kys gks jgs gSaA vk'p;Ztud ckr
rks ;g mldh cM+h Hkwy gksxhA gS fd vkj{k.k dk fojks/k djus okys bl le; pqi gSaA vly esa vkj{k.k
dkaxzsl ds usrk jkgqy xka/kh us LokHkkfod :i ls jksfgr oseqyk ds dk lcls eq[kj fojks/k Hkh fgUnqRooknh gh djrs gSaA ysfdu mUgsa blls
ekeys esa nfyr Nk= ds i{k esa Hkwfedk yh gSA jkgqy igys Hkh viuh nfyr dksbZ fnDdr ugha fd orZeku le; esa mudh fopkj/kkjk ls tqM+s reke
i{kh; Hkwfedk dk ifjp; ns pqds gSaA 2012 ds m-iz- fo/kku lHkk pquko ds yksxksa dh ;ksX;rk ds vk/kkj ij ugha cfYd mudh jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k
igys os dbZ xkaoksa esa nfyr ifjokjksa ds ?kj jkr dks BgjsA fdarq pquko esa ls fudVrk dh otg ls ;g mudh tkfr o /keZ ns[k dj fu;qfDr;ka gks
gkj ds i'pkr ;g flyflyk can gks x;kA ;fn jkgqy xka/kh okdbZ esa jgh gSaA os rks ;g eku dj py jgs gSa fd vc rks lkjs in mUgha ds yksxksa
nfyr fgrS"kh gSa rks muds dk;Zdze ek= pqukoh jktuhfr esa ykHk izkIr ds fy, vkjf{kr gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy, dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds
djus ds mn~ns'; ls ugha izsfjr gksus pkfg,A orZeku dqyifr izksQslj fxjh'k paUnz f=ikBh dk] fiNys rhu n'kdksa ls
gSnjkckn dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; ds rRdkyhu dqyifr vIik jko bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds vFkZ'kkL= foHkkx esa tgka os igys fu;qDr Fks]
iksMhys o dsUnzh; ea=h caMk: nRrk=s; dks jksfgr oseqyk dh vkRegR;k ds i<+kus&fy[kus ds dke ls dksbZ rkYyqd ugha jgkA fQj Hkh os jk"Vªh;
fy, ftEesnkj ekurs gq, muds f[kykQ izkFkfedh ntZ gks xbZ gSA bUgsa rks Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s gksus ds dkj.k dqyifr cuk fn, x,A loky ;g
ltk feyuh gh pkfg,A ekuo lalk/ku ea=h Le`fr bZjkuh ds f[kykQ Hkh gS fd ;fn mudh txg dksbZ nfyr izksQslj gksrk rks D;k mldh fu;qfDr
fo'ofo|ky; ds vkarfjd ekeyksa esa gLr{ksi djus ds fy, dk;Zokgh gksuh bruh vklkuh ls Lohdkj dj yh tkrh\ bl rjg ge ns[krs gSa fd
pkfg,A ysfdu ;s rhuksa rks flQZ ml O;oLFkk dk fgLlk ek= gSa tks jksfgr vkj{k.k fojks/kh [kqy dj vius v;ksX; yksxksa dks c<+kok ns jgs gSaA pkgs
tSls yksxksa] tks orZeku dsUnz ljdkj dh fopkj/kkjk ls i`Fkd fopkjksa dks vVy fcgkjh oktis;h dh ljdkj gks vFkok ujsUnz eksnh dh] Hkktik dh
ekurs gSa] ds fy, laosnughu gh ugha cfYd dqN gn rd mudh nq'eu foMEcuk ;g gS fd bl rFkkdfFkr cqf)thfo;ksa ds ny ds ikl ;ksX;
cu xbZ gSA yksxksa dk deh gSA nksuksa gh ljdkjksa esa ;ksX; eaf=;ksa dh la[;k ,d gkFk
ns'k Hkj ds fo'ofo|ky;ksa dh fLFkfr yxHkx ,slh gh gks xbZ gSA dh maxfy;ksa ij fxuh tk ldrh gSA fxjh'k paUnz f=ikBh tSls yksxksa dh
(19) (20)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
dqyifr in ij fu;qfDr blfy, gks tkrh gS D;ksafd ekuo lalk/ku ea=h 4-
dh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk flQZ ckjgoha mÙkh.kZ gSA
vQty xq: ds uke ij ges'kk fookn
Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ xBca/ku ds 'kkludky esa f'k{kk o
vdknfed laLFkkuksa dk iwjh rjg ls lkEiznkf;dj.k gks tk,xk vkSj mPp D;ksa [kM+k gksrk gS\
f'k{kk laLFkkuksa dh fLFkfr tks igys ls gh Bhd ugha vkSj Hkh xrZ esa pyh tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; esa gqbZ ?kVuk] ftlesa vQty
tk,xhA xq: dh clhZ ij vk;ksftr dk;Zdze esa fo'ofo|ky; Nk= la?k ds v/;{k
dUgS;k dqekj ij ns'knzksg dk eqdnek ntZ mUgsa fxjQ~rkj fd;k x;k] ds
lanHkZ esa ;g loky mBrk gS fd vkf[kj vQty xq: dks ysdj fookn
B.Mk D;ksa ugha iM+ jgk\ vQty xq: dks 2001 esa gq, laln ij geys ds
fy, Qkalh dh ltk nh xbZA loksZPp U;k;ky; us ;g ckr Lohdkj dh fd
vQty xq: ds f[kykQ bl ckr dk dksbZ lcwr ugha Fkk fd og fdlh
izfrcaf/kr laxBu ls lEc) Fkk vFkok vfHk;kstu i{k ds 80 esa ls fdlh
Hkh xokg us ;g ugha dgk fd vQty xq: dk fdlh vkradoknh laxBu
ls dksbZ ysuk&nsuk FkkA QSlyk dgrk gS] *ftl ?kVuk ls Hkkjh {kfr gqbZ gS
mlus iwjs ns'k dks fgyk dj j[k fn;k gS vkSj lekt dh lkewfgd
varjkRek rHkh 'kkar gksxh tc nks"kh dks e`R;qnaM fn;k tk,xkA* vQty
xq: dks flQZ ifjfLFkfrtU; lk{; ds vk/kkj ij Qkalh dh ltk lqukbZ
xbZA gesa vius ls ;g iwNuk iM+sxk fd D;k ,d lH; lekt esa lkewfgsd
varjkRek dks 'kkar djus ds fy, fdlh dk thou lekIr fd;k tk ldrk
gS\ vkSj bl QSlys ij dksbZ loky gh ugha mBk\ ekSu lkft'k dk fgLlk
cu ge Hkkjrh; yksdra= dks gh uqdlku igqapk,axsA
vQty xq: dh lquokbZ U;k;iw.kZ <ax ls ugha gqbZA mls viuh
ilan dk odhy j[kus dk ekSdk ugha feykA U;k;ky; us mldk i{k Hkh
ugha lqukA mls viuk vijk/k iqfyl dh /kedh vkSj ncko esa Lohdkj
djuk iM+kA ljy Hkk"kk esa og cfy dk cdjk cuk fn;k x;kA ;fn mls
Qkalh ugha nh tkrh rks ;g lans'k tkrk fd laln geys tSls cM+s dkaM ds
ckn Hkkjr us nksf"k;ksa ds f[kykQ dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha dhA fdlh dks Qkalh

(21) (22)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
nh tkuh t:jh Fkh vkSj ;g vQty xq: dk nqHkkZX; Fkk fd laln geys izfl) i=dkj fl)kFkZ onZjktu ds lkFk gqbZ tgka mUgsa 20 tuojh] 2016
ds ckn idM+s x, yksxksa esa mldk i{k lcls detksj FkkA dks bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; Nk= la?k dh v/;{kk _pk flag }kjk ,d
tEew o d'ehj ds rRdkyhu eq[;ea=h mej vCnqYykg us oDrk ds :i esa cqyk;k x;k FkkA dqyifr us ,su dk;Zdze ls igys vuqefr
vQty xq: dks Qkalh p<+k, tkus dh vkykspuk dh Fkh vkSj dgk Fkk fd okil ys yhA
blls d'ehjh uotoku esa eksgHkax vkSj vU;k; dh Hkkouk vkSj izcy orZeku esa lRr i{k ls tqM+s yksxksa ls] ftUgksaus jk"Vªokn dk Bsdk
gksxhA mudk dguk Fkk fd Qkalh nsus dk QSlyk dkuwuh ls T;knk fy;k gqvk gS vkSj lcdks crkrs gSa fd D;k mfpr gS D;k vuqfpr] lkFk gh
jktuhfrd gSA fdlh nks"kh dks yxs gkFk ltk Hkh ns nsrs gSa] ls iwNuk pkfg, fd D;k
;gh otg gS fd vQty xq: dh Qkalh ds rhu lky ckn Hkh mUgksaus ckcjh efLtn fxjkus ls igys fdlh ls vuqefr yh Fkh] ftl
QSlys ij lokfy;k fu'kku [kM+s gq, gSa vkSj dqN yksx blfy, vQty ?kVuk us Hkkjr dh vkarfjd lqj{kk dks yEcs le; ds fy, [krjs esa Mky
dks 'kghn ekurs gSaA fn;k gS\ ;k fQj egkRek xka/kh dks ekjus ls igys dksbZ vuqefr yh Fkh\ ;k
tc mUgksaus nks ckj ekysxkao esa] gSnjkckn] vtesj o le>kSrk ,Dliszl esa
jk"Vªh; yksdrkaf=d xBca/ku dh ljdkj us tokgjyky usg:
ce foLQksV fd,\ D;k vVy fcgkjh oktis;h dh ljdkj us] laln dks rks
fo'ofo|ky; ifjlj ij gqbZ ?kVuk dks jk"Vª fojks/kh crk;k D;ksafd mlesa
NksM+ fn;k tk,] vius j{kk ea=h dks 1998 esa ukfHkdh; ijh{k.k ds igys
dqN vkifRrtud ukjs yxk, x,A ekSfyd loky ;g gS fd D;k T;knk
fo'okl esa fy;k Fkk] ftlus nf{k.k ,f'k;k ds ekgkSy dks vlqjf{kr cuk
jk"Vªnksg gS & fdlh O;fDr dks fu.kkZ;d :i ls mldk tqeZ lkfcr fd,
fn;k\ ;fn jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s yksxksa dks yxrk gS fd os tks
fcuk Qkalh ij p<+k nsuk vFkok d'ehj dh vktknh ds leFkZu esa flQZ
pkgs euekuh dj ldrs gSa vkSj nwljksa dks dqN djus ls jksdus ds fy, os
dqN ukjs yxk nsuk\ ;g vQty xq: ds lkFk gqvk vU;k; gh gS tks ukjs
fgalk dk Hkh bLrseky djsaxs rks 'kk;n vxys pquko esa mUgsa dqN pkSadkus
ds :i esa tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds ifjlj ij xwatkA
okys ifj.kke feysaA bl ns'k us rkuk'kkgh dHkh cjnk'r ugha dh gSA
vQty xq: dh Qkalh ij loky [kM+k djuk blfy, t:jh gS fgVyj jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds fy, vkn'kZ gks ldrk gS fdarq bl ns'k
rkfd nksckjk dksbZ ,slh Qkalh u gksA gekjs yksdra= esa lkEiznkf;d dh vke turk ds fy, dHkh ughaA
Qklhoknh 'kfDr;ksa dh otg ls vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk dk vf/kdkj
15 Qjojh dks ifV;kyk gkÅl esa tokgjyky usg:
[krjs esa iM+ x;k gSA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s gq, dqN ,sls yksx gSa
fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk=ksa] izksQsljksa] i=dkjksa ds lkFk jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k
tks ukFkwjke xksMls dks xkSjokfUor djuk pkgrs gSaA dqN rks mldk eafnj
ls tqM+s odhyksa dk crkZo 'keZukd jgkA ;fn vkradokfn;ksa o
Hkh cukuk pkgrs gSaA ;fn os ukFkwjke xksMls dh ,d vkn'kZ ds :i esa iwtk
uDlyokfn;ksa dh fgalk fuanuh; gS rks iqfyl o ns'k la?k ifjokj ds yksxksa
djuk pkgrs gSa rks mUgsa bl ckr ij vkifRr D;ksa gksuh pkfg, fd dqN
dh xqaMkxnhZ dk ewd n'kZd dSls cuk jg ldrk gS\ eq[;/kkjk ds fdlh Hkh
yksx vQty xq: dks 'kghn dk ntkZ nsuk pkgrs gSa\
jktuhfrd ny esa bl fdLe dh vjktdrk ns[kus dks ugha feyrh tSls
fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu dk dguk gS fd Bhd dk;Zdze ls igys dh nf{k.kiaFkh laxBuksa esaA mUgksaus nkHkksydj] ialkjs o dycqxhZ tSls yksxksa
mldh vuqefr okil ys yh xbZ FkhA ,dne ,slh gh ?kVuk bykgkckn esa dh gR;k dh] ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k fd jksfgr oseqyk dks
(23) (24)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
vkRegR;k djuh iM+h o vla[; yksxksa] tks muds fopkj ls lger ugha gSa] 5-
ij geys gq,A ,d yksdra= esa bl fdLe dh vjktdrk dks Lohdkj ugha U;k;ky; ifjlj esa dUgS;k ds lkFk
fd;k tkuk pkfg, Hkys gh bldh dksbZ dher Hkh D;ksa u pqdkuh iM+sA ekj&ihV ckcjh efLtn /oal dh
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k bl ns'k dks vkikrdkyhu ifjfLFkfr dh rjQ ys ;kn fnyk x;k
tk jgk gS ftldh ifj.kfr x`g ;q) esa gh gksxhA tks yksx 2014 esa Hkkjrh;
turk ikVhZ dks iw.kZ cgqer ds lkFk fot; fnyk, gSa mUgsa bl ckr ij ftl rjg ls loksZPp U;k;ky; ls i;Zos{kd ds :i esa Hksts x,
fopkj djuk pkfg, fd D;k ;g ny ikap o"kZ Hkh jkt djus yk;d gS\ ofj"B odhyksa ds ny dh ekStwnxh esa ifV;kyk gkÅl U;k;ky; esa ogka
MkW- jke euksgj yksfg;k dk izfl) dFku gS fd ftank dkSesa ikap lky ds odhyksa us is'kh esa yk, tk jgs tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk=
bartkj ugha djrhaA la?k v/;{k dUgS;k dqekj ds lkFk ekj&ihV dh] 1992 dh ckcjh efLtn
/oal dh ?kVuk dh ;kn rktk gks xbZA jk"Vªh; Loa;lsod la?k o Hkkjrh;
turk ikVhZ ds yksx tks muls vyx fopkjksa dks ekuus okys yksx gSa muds
Åij NksVh&NksVh ckrksa] tSls flQZ ukjs yxkus ;k dbZ ckj >wBs gh ns'knzksg
dk vkjksi yxk nsrs gSa] [kqn bl ns'k ds lafo/kku vkSj dkuwu o O;oLFkk dk
lEeku ugha djrsA bl le; fgUnqRooknh yksxksa ls T;knk [krjk ns'k dks
vkSj fdlh ls ugha tks ns'k dks rsth ls vjktdrk dh vksj ys tk jgs gSaA
fgUnqRookfn;ksa dks [kqyh NwV gS fd os tc pkgsa tgka pkgsa fdlh dh Hkh
gR;k dj ldrs gSa vFkok fdlh ds lkFk ekj&ihV dj ldrs gSa vkSj muds
f[kykQ dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha gksxh D;ksafd x`gea=h jktukFk flag gSa]
ftUgksaus fcuk iqf"V ds ;gka rd dg Mkyk fd tokgjyky usg:
fo'ofo|ky; dh ?kVuk gkfQt lbZn us djokbZA
vkt ns'k esa ,d cgl fNM+h gqbZ gSA fgUnqRooknh vius dks
ns'kHkDr vkSj muls vyx fopkjksa dks ekuus okyksa dks ns'knzksgh lkfcr
djus esa yxs gq, gSaA fdarq lko/kkuh ls ij[kus dh t:jr gS fd dkSu
ns'knzksgh gS vkSj dkSu ns'kHkDr\ D;k ns'kHkDr dgykus ds fy, dkQh gS
fd dksbZ Hkkjr ekrk dh rLohj ysdj] oans ekrje ds ukjs yxkdj] Hkkjr
dk >aMk ygjkdj] ikfdLrku dks xkyh nsdj mu yksxksa ds lkFk ekj&ihV
djs tks mlds fopkjksa dks ugha ekurs\ fnYyh ds Hkktik fo/kk;d rks ;gka
rd dgrs gSa fd muds ikl canwd gksrh rks os ns'knzksfg;ksa dks xksyh ls ekj
MkyrsA ;fn ge vkradokn vkSj uDlyokn ds uke ij gksus okyh fgalk
(25) (26)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
dks xyr ekurs gSa rks fgUnqRookfn;ksa dh fgalk dks tk;t dSls Bgjk;k tk ns'knzksg ugha gS] D;ksafd ge cPpksa dk Hkfo"; cjckn dj jgs gSa\
ldrk gS\ nwljh rjQ dksbZ Hkh ,slk dke ftlls bl ns'k ds vke ukxfjd
bl ns'k esa bl rjg dh uhfr;ka cukbZ tkrh gSa fd vehj vkSj dk l'kfDrdj.k gks jgk gks D;k ns'kHkfDr ugha\ ;fn dksbZ ,sls cPpksa dks
vehj gks tk, vkSj xjhc xjhc gh cuk jgsA bl ns'k ds vk/ks cPps dqiks"k.k i<+k jgk gS tks [kqn fo|ky; tkus esa v{ke gSa] ns'kHkfDr dk dke ugha\
dk f'kdkj gSaA bl ns'k esa djhc pkSFkkbZ cPps cky nklrk ds f'kdkj gSaA D;k fdlh cslgkjk] ftldks bykt dh t:jr gS] dh enn djuk
[kjkc LokLF; lsokvksa ds pyrs ,d gtkj iSnk gksus okyksa cPpksa esa 47 ej ns'kHkfDr dk dke ugha\ D;k xjhcksa dks laxfBr dj muds vf/kdkjksa dh
tkrs gSaA ikap o"kZ rd dh mez rd igqaprs igqaprs bu gtkj esa ls 14 vkSj yM+kbZ esa 'kkfey gksuk rkfd mudh lkekftd&vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa lq/kkj
cPps ej tkrs gSaA ,d yk[k cPpksa dk tc tUe gksrk gS rks 200 eka, tUe gks ns'kHkfDr dk dke ugha\ D;k fdlh ihfM+r ;k ihfM+rk] ftlds lkFk
nsrs oDr ej tkrh gSaA tc ls bl ns'k esa mnkjhdj.k&futhdj.k& vR;kpkj gks] jgk gks dks U;k; fnykuk ns'kHkfDr dk dke ugha\ D;k
oS'ohdj.k dh vkfFkZd uhfr;ka ykxw gqbZ gSa djhc rhu yk[k fdlku dtZ ljdkj dh xyr uhfr;ksa ds f[kykQ vkokt mBkuk rkfd vke balku dk
ds cks> esa vkRegR;k dj pqds gSaA D;k ,slh uhfr;ka cukus okys ftlls uqdlku u gks vkSj lgh uhfr;ksa dh ekax djuk ftlls vke balku dks
yksxksa dh ekSrsa gksa vkSj os cngkyh esa ft,a ns'knzksgh ugha gSa\ ykHk feys ns'kHkfDr dk dke ugha\ ljdkj ds ctV esa viO;o ds
bl ns'k esa futh dEifu;kas ds ikl ljdkjh cSadksa dk #- 1-14 f[kykQ cksyuk rkfd ns'k dk iSlk cps vkSj t:jh dkeksa esa yxs ns'kHkfDr
yk[k djksM+ #i, _.k ds :i esa gS ftls cSadksa us ekQ dj fn;k gSA ftl dk dke ugha\ mnkgj.k ds fy, j{kk ij ctV dk cM+k fgLlk [kpZ djus
ns'k esa xjhch dh mi;qZDr fLFkfr gks ogka turk ds iSls dks futh ds ctk, ljdkj dks ;g jk; nsuk D;k lgh ugha gksxk fd ljdkj ftu
dEifu;ksa dks ;wa gh ns fn;k tk, D;k ;g ns'knzksg ugha\ ;k fQj Hkz"Vkpkj ns'kksa ls mldh nq'euh gS ds lkFk laca/k lq/kkjs rkfd j{kk dk [kpZ de gks
djus okys tks ns'k dk iSlk vius futh miHkksx ds fy, j[k jgs gSa D;k vkSj cpk gqvk iSlk f'k{kk] LokLF;] jkstxkj] vkfn miyC/k djkus esa yxs
ns'knzksgh ugha gSa\ Hkktik dh lHkh ljdkjksa esa fons'kh cSadksa esa tek dkys rkfd bl ns'k ds vkSj nq'eu ns'k ds Hkh xjhc yksxksa dks jkgr feys\ D;k
/ku dks okil ykus dh ckr gksrh gS fdarq gekjh vFkZO;oLFkk dk dkyk /ku ;g ns'kHkfDr dk dke ugha\ ;g rks ,slh ns'kHkfDr gS ftlls vius ns'k ds
ftlls jktuhfrd ny vijk/kh&ekfQ;k ;k Hkz"V mEehnokjksa dks pquko lkFk iM+kslh ns'k dk Hkh Qk;nk gksxkA
ftrok nsrs gSa vkSj xyr yksx gekjh fo/kkf;dk esa igqap tkrs gSa D;k vly esa ns[kk tk, rks jk"Vª dh vo/kkj.kk Hkh tkfr vkSj /keZ dh
ns'knzksg ugha gaS\ fons'kh iwath vkdf"kZr dj vius ;gka dkj[kkus yxok dj rjg yksxksa dks ckaVus dk dke djrh gS vkSj ;s lHkh ckaVus okyh Jsf.k;ka
vius etnwjksa dk 'kks"k.k gksus nsuk D;k ns'knzksg ugha gS\ ns'k dh izkd`frd d`f=e ;k ekuo fufeZr gSaA jk"Vª dk rks varrksxRok og gJ gksuk pkfg,
laink ij equkQk dekus dk vf/kdkj ns'kh&fons'kh dEifu;ksa dks ns nsuk tSlk vk/kqfud ;wjksi esa gqvk gSA tgka vc ns'k dh lhekvksa ij u rks QkStsa
D;k ns'knzksg ugha\ mnkgj.k ds fy, isIlh&dksdk dksyk gekjk ikuh gesa gSa vkSj u gh ,d ns'k dh lhek ikjdj nwljs ns'k esa tkus ds fy, fdlh
gh Åaph dherksa ij csp equkQk vejhdk ys tk jgh gSaA D;k ,slh ikliksVZ ;k ohlk dh t:jr iM+rh gSA nf{k.k ,f'k;k esa Hkh t:j ,d
dEifu;ksa dh enn djuk ns'knzksg ugha\ udy djok ds cPpksa dks ,slk fnu vk,xk tc ge ,d ns'k ls nwljs ns'k esa ,sls pys tk,axs tSls
bErsgku ikl djok nsuk] tks bl ns'k esa cM+s iSekus ij gksrk gS] D;k ,d ftys ls nwljs ftys esa izos'k dj jgs gksaA bl rjg ds jk"Vª esa mxz rsoj
(27) (28)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
okys nf{k.kiaFkh jk"Vokfn;ksa dh dksbZ T;knk Hkwfedk ugha jg tkrhA 6-
D;ksafd budk vfLrRo rHkh rd gS tc rd lkeus dksbZ nq'eu] okLrfod nf{k.k iaFkh jktuhfr dh
vFkok dfYir] [kM+k fd;k x;k gksA ;g budh lcls cM+h foMEcuk gSA
blfy, budk lkjk dk lkjk dk;Zdze nq'eu dks dsUnz esa j[k dj gksrk /kwfey gksrh ped
gSA ;kuh budk vfLrRo nq'eu ds vfLrRo ij fVdk gqvk gSA blfy, nks ekg igys fdlh us lkspk Hkh ugha gksxk fd ujsUnz eksnh dks
le>nkj yksx budh ckrksa esa ugha vkrsA fo'o|ky; ifjljksa ls bruh dM+h pqukSrh feyus yxsxhA ftl rjg dk
[kphZyk vfHk;ku pyk dj ujsUnz eksnh dks lRrk esa yk;k x;k Fkk 'kq: ds
fnuksa esa rks vke balku NksM+ nhft, Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds usrk] tu
izfrfuf/k] ;k ea=h rd Hkh eksnh ls dksbZ loky iwN ldus dh fLFkfr esa
ugha FksA os ,d iz/kkukpk;Z dh rjg dke dj jgs Fks tks flQZ ,drjQk
laokn esa ;dhu djrk gSA ehfM;k Hkh eksnh dks ysdj dksbZ xEHkhj loky
[kM+k dj ldus dh fLFkfr esa ugha FkkA fdarq 2016 ds izkjEHk ls ekgkSy
cnyuk 'kq: gqvk vkSj vc rd eksnh dh vHksn~; Nfo ij ,d ls T;knk
izgkj gks pqds gSaA
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k yacs le; ls yksxksa ds fnekxksa dks f'k{kk ds
ek/;e ls fu;af=r djus dh dksf'k'k djrk jgk gSA ,d [kkl fopkj/kkjk
dk izpkj dj blus vius dqN leFkZd Hkh rS;kj dj fy, gSaA pwafd bl
fopkj/kkjk ds ewy esa ,d vkdzked fdLe dh jk"Vªokn dh vo/kkj.kk gS
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s yksxksa dk pfj= Hkh ncax&>xM+kyw fdLe
dk gksrk gS tks lh/kh dk;Zokgh esa fo'okl j[krs gSaA u rks budh Hkkjrh;
lafo/kku esa fu"Bk gS vkSj u gh ;s dkuwu vkSj O;oLFkk dk dksbZ lEeku
djrs gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy, 6 fnlEcj] 1992 dks Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds
rRdkyhu mRrj izns'k ds eq[; ea=h dY;k.k flag us fnu esa loksZPp
U;k;ky; dks bl vk'k; dk 'kiFk i= fn;k fd os ckcjh efLtn dks dksbZ
uqdlku ugha igaqpus nsaxs vkSj fQj fgUnqRookfn;ksa dks efLtn fxjkus dk
ekSdk Hkh ns fn;kA ;g vk'p;Z dk fo"k; gS fd vkt muds jkT;iky tSls
laoS/kkfud in ij fojkteku gksus dks ysdj dksbZ loky ugha [kM+k djrk
gSA
(29) (30)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
orZeku ljdkj dk vdknfed ifjljksa esa gLr{ksi o lkFk gh ds eqn~nkas ds fuokj.k dk iz;kl gqvk rkfd eksnh dh mifLFkfr esa dksbZ
vdknfed leqnk;ksa }kjk mldk fojks/k iq.ks dh fQYe ,oa Vsyhfotu vfiz; ?kVuk u gksA blds ckotwn eksnh ds vkxeu ij Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ
baLVhV~;wV vkWQ bf.M;k esa xtsUnz pkSgku ds twu 2015 esa laLFkku ds ekspkZ] ftuds nks lnL; igys gh ftykf/kdkjh ds ;gka eksnh dks dkyk
v/;{k ds :i esa fu;qfDr ds lkFk 'kq: gqvkA Nk=ksa ds 139 fnuksa ds >aMk fn[kkus dh vuqefr ekaxus igqap viuh fxjQ~rkjh ns pqds Fks] ds
yxkrkj /kjus ds ckn Hkh] tc d{kk,a LFkfxr jgha] vHkh Nk=ksa dk fojks/k 200&250 Nk=ksa us *ujsUnz eksnh okil tkvks* ds ukjs yxk,A blds ckn
tkjh gS vkSj os bl eqn~ns ij laLFkku ds v/;{k }kjk okrkZ dh is'kd'k eksnh tc ifjlj ds vanj ls lar jfonkl ds eafnj tkus ds fy,
Bqdjk pqds gSaA lhjxkso)Zuiqj xkao ds xsV dh rjQ c<+s rks cgqtu eqfDr ekspkZ ds lnL;ksa
?kVukdze esa mcky rc vk x;k tc 17 tuojh] 2016 dks us *jksfgr oseqyk ftankckn* ds ukjs yxk, o jksfgr oseqyk dh ekSr ds fy,
gSnjkckn dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; esa jksfgr oseqyk us vkRegR;k dj yh vkSj ftEesnkj yksxksa ds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh dk ekax dhA ;gka ij Hkh *ujsUnz
gkykr cnlwjr gksus yxsA dsUnzh; eaf=;ksa dk fo'ofo|ky;ksa ds vkarfjd eksnh okil tkvks* ds ukjs yxsA nh{kkar lekjksg ds nkSjku izs{kkx`g ds
ekeyksa esa lh/kk gLr{ksi] vlgefr dh fdlh Hkh vkokt dks Hkktik vFkok vanj v'kqrks"k flag uked Nk= us Nk= la?k] tks 1997 ls LFkfxr py jgk
vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn }kjk tcjnLrh fgald rjhdksa ls nckus gS] dh cgkyh dh ekax dks ysdj ukjs yxk,A mls ,d Hkktik dk;ZdrkZ us
dh dksf'k'ksa vkSj dqyifr tSls ftEesnkj inksa ij cSBs yksxksa }kjk rF;ksa dks FkIiM+ ekjk vkSj iqfyl us rqjar fgjklr esa ys fy;kA 22 Qjojh] 2016 dks
rksM+&ejksM+ dj is'k djus dh dksf'k'ksa vke ckr gks xbZaA dksbZ vU; iwjs dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; vkSj vkl&ikl ds bykds dh fdyscanh dj
jktuhfrd laxBu brus [kqys vke vius foi{kh laxBuksa ;k vius ls yh xbZ Fkh vkSj gjsd O;fDr vkSj dksus ij lqj{kkdfeZ;ksa dh utj Fkh] rc
vyx fopkjksa dks ekuus okyksa ds f[kykQ fgalk dk bLrseky ugha djrs ;s rhu ?kVuk,a gks xbZaA ;fn ;g rS;kjh u gksrh rks ek= nfyr laxBu gh
tSls nf{k.k iaFkh laxBu djrs gSaA 'kklu o iqfyl iz'kklu Hkh ewd cuk eksnh dk fo'ofo|ky; esa izos'k jksdus ds fy, dkQh FksA
mudh fgald dk;Zokgh dks ns[krk jgrk gS tSlk fd gky esa ifV;kyk eueksgu flag ds iz/kku ea=h jgrs gq, nks dk;Zdkyksa esa tks
gkÅl U;k;ky; ifjlj esa ns[kus dks feykA miyfC/k;ka gfly dh xbZa] tks vc cgqr cM+h yxus yxh gSa] ftuesa lwpuk
'kkld ny ls tqM+s yksxksa ds vkradh joS;s ds f[kykQ izfrfdz;k dk vf/kdkj] ?kjsyw fgalk ls efgykvksa dk cpko] jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj
xkj.Vh] vuqlwfpr tutkfr o vU; ouoklh gsrq ou vf/kdkj]
Hkh dkQh dM+h jgh gSA 22 tuojh dks ckcklkgc Hkhejko vEcsMdj
Hkw&vf/kxzg.k] iquokZl o iquLFkkZiu esa mfpr eqvkots o ikjnf'kZrk]
fo'ofo|ky; ds nh{kkar lekjksg esa rhu nfyr Nk=ksa jke dju] vEkjsUnz
jk"Vªh; [kk| lqj{kk] f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj] iFk fodzsrk ¼vkthfodk dk
dqekj vk;Z o lqjsUnz dqekj fuxe us ujsUnz eksnh dh mifLFkfr esa muds
laj{k.k ,oa iFk fodz; dk fofu;eu½ o lj ij eSyk <ksus ds jkstxkj dk
f[kykQ ukjs yxkdj ujsUnz eksnh dh dkQh iz;kl ls x<+h xbZ Nfo fu"ks/k ,oa iquokZl tSls vf/kfu;eksa dk ikfjr gksuk 'kkfey gSa] ds lkeus
ftlesa muls dksbZ loky ugha iwNk tk ldrk Fkk ij iz'ufpUg [kM+s dj eksnh ljdkj ds ikl fn[kkus yk;d dksbZ Hkh dke ugha gSA esd bu
fn,A blds ckn dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds nh{kkar lekjksg esa tc bf.M;k o LVkVZvi dk;Zdze iwathfuos'kdksa dks vkdf"kZr dj ikus esa
eksnh dks tkuk Fkk rks mlds igys eksnh ljdkj ds ,d nfyr ea=h dks vlQy jgsA vr% jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k vius vktek, gq, jkLrs ;kuh
ogka Hkstdj nfyr v/;kidksa o Nk=ksa ds lkFk cSBd dj muds vlarks"k Hkkoukvksa ds vk/kkj ij lekt dk /kzqohdj.k ij okil vk x;k gS vkSj iwjs
(31) (32)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
ns'k esa ns'knzksg o ns'kHkfDr ij cgl NsM+ nh gSA 7-
vkerkSj ij fo'ofo|ky; Lrj dh jktuhfr Nk=ksa ds fy, NksM+
nh tkrh gSA gjsd cM+s jktuhfrd ny ds Nk= laxBu gSaA ;fn dkaxzsl vf/kdka'k Hkkjrh; ns'knzksgh ekus tk,axs
dk Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; Nk= la?k gS rks Hkktik dk vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ
ifj"knA oke nyksa ds Nk= laxBu vf[ky Hkkjrh; Nk= laxBu] Hkkjrh;
nkuoksa dh iwtk djrk gS og Hkh ns'knzksgh gSA vc fgUnw ijEijk esa nkuoksa
Nk= la?k] vf[ky Hkkjrh; Nk= la?k tks dze'k% Hkkjrh; dE;qfuLV ikVhZ
dh tc dYiuk dh xbZ ml le; jk"Vª jkT; dk dksbZ vfLrRo ugha FkkA
¼ekDlZoknh&ysfuuoknh½] Hkkdik o ekdik ls tqM+s gq, gSa ifjljksa ij
cgqr etcwr gSa vkSj muds mEehnokj vDlj pquko thr tkrs gSaA jk"Vª ,d vk/kqfud dYiuk gS tks gekjs lafo/kku ls ifjHkkf"kr gS ftldk
yksdrkaf=d Nk= laxBu tSls vfr&oke fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus okys nwj nwj rd fgUnw /kkfeZd ijEijkvksa ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha gSA dksbZ
laxBu Hkh gSa ftudk pqukoh jktuhfr esa fo'okl ugha gSA ;kuh fljfQjk O;fDr gh nksuksa esa ?kkyesy dj ldrk gSA fdarq nqHkkZX; gS fd
fo'ofo|ky; ifjljksa esa fopkjksa dh fofo/krk fy, gq, Nk= laxBuksa dk gekjs 'kklu&iz'kklu ra= ds dqN vax tSls iqfyl bl fdLe ds nq"izpkj
lg&vfLrRo gSA vkerkSj ij budh fopkj/kkjk esa vkilh Vdjko gksrs dk f'kdkj gks x, gSaA
gq, Hkh ;s ,d nwljs ij fgald geys ugha djrsA dHkh&dHkh fgUnqRookfn;ksa dks 'kk;n ;g xyrQgeh gks xbZ gS fd fnYyh esa
fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu ;k ljdkj ds f[kykQ t:j ;s fgald gks tkrs gSaA Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh ljdkj cu tkus ls Hkkjr esa fgUnw jk"Vª dk
Hkktik dh rjg vU; dksbZ jktuhfrd ny ugha gS tks vdknfed mudk liuk lkdkj gks x;k gSA dqN fnuksa igys fnoaxr gq, fo'o fgUnw
ifjljksa ij dCtk tekus esa bruk mRlqd gksA bl izfd;k esa mlds yksxksa ifj"kn ds v/;{k v'kksd fla?ky us ujsUnz eksnh dh ljdkj dks eqxy o
us bu ifjljksa dks pkSiV dj fn;k gSA jk-Lo-la- us izR;{k ;k vizR;{k :i vaxzstksa ds ckn igyh fgUnw ljdkj crk;k FkkA dksbZ Hkkjr dks fgUnw jk"Vª
ls] dze'k% vius dqyifr ;k iqfyl] ds ek/;e ls Nk= laxBuksa dks eku dj gh ml gn rd tk ldrk gS tgka og nkuoksa dh iwtk djus okys
,d&nwljs ds f[kykQ [kM+k fd;k] tks dHkh fgald Hkh gks x,] ifjljksa dh yksxksa dks ns'knzksgh djkj nsA ;g rks oSls gh gS tSls fdlh bLykfed ns'k esa
vdknfed xq.koRrk dks bl dnj cjckn dj fn;k gS fd vc mlds iSxEcj eksgEen vFkok dqjku ds f[kykQ fdlh cksyus okys ij bZ'kfuank
vius yksx Hkh iNrkus yxs gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy, tokgjyky usg: fo-fo- dk vkjksi yxrk gSA rks D;k ge ,d /kkfeZsd jkT; dh vkSj c<+ jgs gSa\ ;g
ds v-Hkk-fo-i- ds rhu Nk= inkf/kdkjh iznhi ujoy] jkgqy ;kno o yksdra=] /keZ&fuisZ{krk o vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk esa fo'okl j[kus okyksa
vafdr gal jksfgr oseqyk o euqLe`fr ij jk-Lo-la- o Hkktik ls vius ds fy, fpark dh ckr gksuh pkfg,A
erHksn ds pyrs vius inksa ls bLrhQk ns pqds gSaA ih,p-Mh- Nk=k uhrw
flag dks bl ckr ls ukjktxh gS fd v-Hkk-fo-i- o Hkktik dh dkjLrkfu;ksa fgUnqRookfn;ksa dh lksp cM+h ladh.kZ gS ftlls Hkkjr dk ,d cM+k
ds dkj.k vc t-us-fo-fo- ds gjsd Nk=&Nk=k dks ifjlj ds ckgj ds oxZ tSls nfyr] vkfnoklh] vU; fiNM+k oxZ] vYila[;d] /keZfuZis{k o
yksx jk"Vªnzksgh eku jgs gSaA ukfLrd lger ugha gSA ;s oxZ] tks Hkkjr ds T;knkrj oafpr rcds Hkh gSa]
lHkh feykdj Hkkjr dh vk/kh vkcknh ls T;knk gSaA Hkktik vk/ks ls de
fgUnqRookfn;ksa us fiNys fnuksa ns'k esa dbZ yksxksa dks ns'knzksgh
er izkIr dj lRrk esa igqaph gSA vr% Hkys gh yksdlHkk esa mls cgqer fey
djkj fn;k gSA mudh lcls pkSadkus okyh ifjHkk"kk gS fd tks O;fDr
x;k gks fdarq cgqla[;d vkcknh dk rks mls leFkZu izkIr ugha gSA
(33) (34)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
;fn bl ns'k esa nsoh nqxkZ dh iwtk djus okys gSa rks efglklqj dks 'kfDr'kkyh vkSj lEiUu O;fDr cusA ;s mEehnokj nkuoh izd`fr ds gksrs gSa
ekuus okys Hkh gSaA ;fn jke dks iwtus okys gSa rks jko.k dks ekuus okys Hkh D;ksa fd mudss f[kykQ vkijkf/kd ekeys ntZ gksrs gSa vkSj muds ikl
gSaA ;fn nsorkvksa ls tqM+s eafnj gSa rks vlqjksa ls lEcaf/kr LFkku Hkh gSaA tc Hkz"Vkpkj ls ,d= dh xbZ vdwr lEifRr gksrh gSA D;k blls ;g fu"d"kZ
Le`fr bZjkuh laln esa dgrh gSa fd tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds ugha fudkyk tk ldrk fd ;g nkuoksa dh iwtk djus okyk ns'k gS\
nfyr] vkfnoklh o vU; fiNM+s oxZ ds Nk=ksa }kjk *efglklqj 'kgknr fgUnqRookfn;ksa dh ifjHkk"kk ds fglkc ls rks ,slk gh gSA ;fn vUuk gtkjs
fnol* ds volj ij fudkyk x;k ipkZ nqxkZ ds izfr viekutud gS rks tSls vkanksyuksa dks viokn Lo:i eku fy;k tk, rks bl ns'k dk cM+k
mUgsa 'kk;n bldk Hkku Hkh ugha fd bl ns'k esa ,sls yksx Hkh jgrs gSa tks i<+k fy[kk oxZ ;fn Hkz"Vkpkj esa fyIr ugha rks mlds i{k esa gh [kM+k ik;k
nqxkZ ds d`R;ksa ls vius dks viekfur eglwl djrs gksaxsA mUgksaus ;g dSls tkrk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, jsy esa Vh-Vh-bZ- }kjk voS/k iSlk fy, tkus dk
eku fy;k fd flQZ nqxkZ HkDr gksus ls os bl ns'k dh mu yksxksa ls T;knk ;nk&dnk gh fojks/k gksrk gSA yksxksa dks vijkf/k;ksa ls Hkh fo'ks"k fnDdr
oQknkj ukxfjd gks xbZa ftu cspkjksa dk nks"k flQZ bruk gS fd os nqxkZ dk ugha [kkldj tc os muds tkfr ;k /keZ ds gksaA D;k ;s lkjs yksx ns'knzksgh
fojks/k djus okys dks viuk vkn'kZ ekurs gSa\ ;g ns'k viuh fofo/krkvksa ugha ekus tkus pkfg,\ ;fn fgUnqRookfn;ksa dh ekusa rks T;knk yksx tsyksa
ds fy, tkuk tkrk gSA la?k ifjokj bl fofo/krk dh laLd`fr dks lekIr esa gksaxs vkSj ckgj de yksx cpsaxsA
dj flQZ lo.kksZa ds n`f"Vdks.k dks ,dek= oS/k fopkj ds :i esa ns'k ij ujsUnz eksnh us tc iz/kku ea=h in dk pquko yM+k rks ns'k ds yksxksa
Fkksiuk pkgrk gSA vkerkSj ij fofHkUu fopkjksa dks ekuus okys yksxksa us bl dks ;g ugha crk;k Fkk fd Hkktik dh ljdkj esa fgUnqRookfn;ksa dks [kqyh
ns'k esa vkil esa rkyesy cukdj jguk lh[kk gSA tc nks leqnk;ksa ds NwV feysxhA mUgksaus rks ,d /keZfuisZ{k eqn~ns ftlesa vPNs fnu ykus dk
dk;Zdze ,d gh fnu iM+rs gSa rks ftykf/kdkjh nksuksa leqnk;ksa ds izeq[k ok;nk fd;k x;k Fkk ij pquko yM+k ftldk eryc vke yksx le> jgs
yksxksa dks cqykdj bl rjg ls dk;Zdze cuokrs gSa fd nksuksa ds vk;kstu Fks fd lq'kklu vk,xkA yksxksa dks rks dYiuk Hkh u jgh gksxh fd xk; dk
'kkafriwoZd lEiUu gks tk,aA Hkktik ljdkj ;g lans'k ns jgh gS fd vc ekal [kkuk ;k u [kkuk] nsoh&nsork dh iwtk djuk ;k mudk vieku]
flQZ lo.kksZa dh n`f"V ls tks mfpr gSa ogh dk;Zdze gksaxsA blls fHkUu ns'kHkfDr&ns'knzksg] vkfn] Hkkouk&iz/kku eqn~ns jktuhfr esa gkoh gks
fopkjksa dks ekuus okys ns'knzksgh ekus tk,axs vkSj mudh txg tsyksa esa tk,axsA ;fn ujsUnz eksnh fgUnqRooknh ,ts.Ms ij ns'k pykuk pkgrs gSa rks
gksxhA blfy, fgUnqRo u flQZ bl ns'k dh fofo/krk okyh laLd`fr cfYd mUgsa iqu% pquko yM+ dj u;k tukns'k izkIr djuk pkfg,A Hkktik
;gka ds yksdra= ds fy, Hkh [krjk cu x;k gSA ljdkj us ns'k esa ,slk ekgkSy fufeZr dj fn;k gS fd tks fgUnqRo ls i`Fkd
fdarq bl utfj, dk ,d jkspd igyw gSA lo.kZ lksp ds fglkc fopkjksa dks ekuus okys gSa os vius dks lqjf{kr eglwl ugha dj jgsA Hkkjr
ls nkuo og gS rks cy'kkyh gS vkSj lkalfjd Hkksx esa fyIr jgrk gSA og ds yksxksa dks yksdrakf=d izfd;k esa ,d lewg us /kks[kk fn;k gS tks
nq"Vrk dk izrhd gksrk gSA gekjs yksdra= ds fdlh pquko esa tc yksxksa ds yksdra= esa fo'okl gh ugha j[krkA
lkeus ,d ljy] bekunkj] fu"Bkoku mEehnokj tks 'kkyhurk dk izrhd
gS vkSj nwljk ckgqcyh] vkijkf/kd Nfo okyk ;k ekfQ;k] ncax mEenhokj
gks rks vke rkSj ij ernkrk ;g ilan djrs gSa fd mudk tu izfrfuf/k
(35) (36)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:35 PM
8- pkSadkus okys ?kVukdze esa fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu us geyk djus
okyksa ds ctk, _pk flag dks dkj.k crkvks uksfVl tkjh fd;kA _pk
_pk flag ml oSpkfjd xBtksM+ dh
flag ij ;g dgrs gq, vuq'kklughurk o nqO;Zogkj dk vkjksi yxk;k
usrk gSa tks la?k dks pqukSrh nsxk x;k gS fd os izkWDVj ;k fo'ofo|ky; ds fdlh l{ke vf/kdkjh dks
ek/;e cuk, fcuk gh iqfyl ds ikl pyh xbZaA fdarq fo'ofo|ky; us ;g
,d rjQ tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk= la?k v/;{k
Hkh ugha lkspk fd ftl izkWDVj us _pk flag dks geys ls ugha cpk;k ml
dUgS;k dqekj dh tsy ls fudydj ifjlj esa tksjnkj Hkk"k.k nsus dh
ij os dSls Hkjkslk dj ldrh gSa\
[kcj vk jgh Fkh rks nwljh rjQ ns'k ds ,d nwljs fo'ofo|ky; dh
Nk= la?k v/;{kk] bykgkckn dh _pk flag] tks fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr dks 26 uoEcj dks fy[ks ,d i= esa fo'ofo|ky; dh
bfrgkl esa igyh efgyk v/;{kk pquh xbZ gSa] dks jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k efgyk lykgdkj cksMZ dh v/;{kk izksQslj jatuk dDdM+ us _pk flag o
}kjk fu'kkuk cuk, tkus dh [kcjA lkfFk;ksa ij gq, geys dh fuank ds lkFk gh ;ksxh vkfnR;ukFk dks efgyk
fojks/kh o lkEiznkf;d crkrs gq, mudks Hksts x, fuea=.k ij Hkh loky
flrEcj] 2015 esa v/;{kk pqus tkus ds ckn tc Nk= la?k ds 'ks"k
[kM+k fd;k gSA izksQslj dDdM+ us 19&20 uoEcj dks gqbZ fgalk dh tkap
inkf/kdkfj;ksa] tks lHkh vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ls tqM+s Fks] }kjk
ds fy, xfBr lfefr esa ,d Hkh efgyk ds u gksus ij Hkh vkifRr ntZ
xksj[kiqj ds fooknkLin lakln ;ksxh vkfnR;ukFk dks Nk= la?k ds
djkbZ gSA
mn~?kkVu dk;Zdze gsrq fueaf=r fd;k x;k rks _pk flag us mldk fojks/k
fd;kA _pk dh fcuk vuqefr ds fuea=.k dkMZ ij mldk uke Hkh Nki _pk flag us dqyifr dk;kZy; esa vfer flag dh fo'ks"k
fn;k x;k tks fn[kkrk gS fd efgyk v/;{kk gksrs gq, Hkh Nk= la?k ij vf/kdkjh ds :i esa fu;qfDr ij Hkh loky [kM+k fd;k D;ksafd vfer flag
iq#"koknh lksp gh gkoh Fkh tks ;g eku dj py jgh Fkh fd tks fu.kZ; 'ks"k ij fo'ofo|ky; dh ,d Nk=k us iwoZ esa ;kSu mRihM+u vkSj /kedh nsus dk
iq#"k inkf/kdkjh ysaxs mls _pk eku gh ysaxhA vHkh gesa fir`lRrked vkjksi yxk;k FkkA 2014 esa vfer flag lfgr Ng yksxksa ij izkFkfedh
lksp ds paxqy ls fudyus esa fdruk vkSj le; yxsxk\ ntZ gqbZ vkSj vuqlwfpr tkfr o tutkfr ¼vR;kpkj fuokj.k½ vf/kfu;e
dh /kkjk Hkh yxh fdarq vkt rd dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha gqbZA
tc 19&20 uoEcj] 2015 dh jkr _pk flag vius lkfFk;ksa ds
lkFk fo'ofo|ky; ds iqLrdky; ds ckgj ;ksxh vkfnR;ukFk ds _pk flag dks bl lcdh dher pqdkuh iM+h tc muds fuea=.k
lEHkkfor vkxeu ds f[kykQ vu'ku ij cSBh Fkha rks vf[ky Hkkjrh; ij cqyk, x, izfl) i=dkj fl)kFkZ onZjktu ds O;k[;ku dh vuqefr
fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ds djhc 30 Nk=ksa us mu ij e/;jkf= ds ckn v'yhy vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ds Nk=ksa ds fojks/k ij jn~n dj nh xbZA
xkfy;ka nsrs gq, geyk cksy fn;kA blesa _pk flag lesr dbZ Nk=kvksa fl)kFkZ onZjktu dk Hkk"k.k ifjlj ls ckgj efgyk Nk=kokl ds lkeus
dks pksVsa vkbZaA _pk flag us vxyh lqcg Nk= la?k ds egklfpo fl)kZFk fLFkr Lojkt fo|kihB esa gqvkA
falag] mik/;{k fodzkar flag lfgr nl Nk=ksa o izkWDVj ,u-ds- 'kqDyk] ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; efgykvksa ds
ftUgksaus ?kVukLFky ij ekStwn jgus ds ckotwn geys dks jksdus ds fy, izfr vfr laosnughu gSA ;g lq[kn vk'p;Z dh gh ckr gS fd m-iz- ds
dqN ugha fd;k] ds f[kykQ izkFkfedh ntZ djkbZA fo'ofo|ky;ksa tgka Nk= jktuhfr vijk/khdj.k dh HksaV p<+ xbZ gks ds
(37) (38)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
,d ,sls fir`lRrked x<+ dks _pk flag us Hksnk gSA Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa tks xq.kkRed lq/kkj dh izfdz;k 'kq: dh gS mldks
bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu _pk flag dks vHkh Hkh ijs'kku oSpkfjd fn'kk nsus dk dke viuh e`R;q ds ckn Hkh jksfgr oseqyk vkSj
dj jgk gSA vc mlds nks o"kZ iwoZ gq, nkf[kys ij loky mBk, tk jgs gSaA mlds gSnjkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds vEcsMdj Nk= laxBu ds lkFkh]
f'kdk;rdrkZ jtuh'k dqekj mlls v/;{k in esa gkjk gqvk mEehnokj gS vf[ky Hkkjrh; Nk= la?k ds vkSj ,d vkaxuckM+h dk;ZdrhZ ds iq=
ftldk _pk flag ds foHkkx ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha gSA vHkh mlus ,d dUgS;k dqekj] muds tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds vU; lkFkh
nwljh f'kdk;r esa _pk flag ij cgqr Hkn~ns vkjksi yxk, gSaA ftlesa mej [kkfyn Hkh 'kkfey gS] vkSj lektokfn;ksa }kjk lefFkZr
bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; dh _pk flag dj jgs gSaA ;g usr`Ro Hkkjrh;
;g esjs lkFk dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa tks gqvk mlls dqN
lekt ds oafpr rcdksa nfyr & xjhc & vYila[;d & efgyk dk
feyrk&tqyrk ekeyk gSA esjs f[kykQ Hkh ,d jktuhfr 'kkL= ds
izfrfuf/kRo djrk gS tks Hkkjrh; jktuhfr dh Hkfo"; dh :ijs[kk r;
fo|kFkhZ vfouk'k dqekj ik.Ms; ls f'kdk;r djok] tcfd eSa i<+krk Fkk
djus okyk gSA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k us ujsUnz eksnh dh thr ds ek/;e
Hkkjrh; izks|ksfxdh laLFkku esa] esjk vuqca/k le; ls iwoZ lekIr djok;k
ls Hkkjrh; 'kklu&iz'kklu O;oLFkk ij tks idM+ cukbZ Fkh mldks <hyk
x;kA esjs f[kykQ eq>s cnuke djus dh n`f"V ls cscqfu;kn vkjksi yxk,
djus dk dke ;g xBtksM+ djus yxk gSA bl ckr ls czkã.koknh lksp esa
x, ftudk esjs f'k{k.k dk;Z dh xq.koRrk ls dksbZ lEca/k ugha FkkA
fo'okl j[kus okys] ftudk la?k esa opZLo gS] cgqr ijs'kku gSaA
;fn _pk flag dks fu'kkuk cuk la?k ifjokj gSnjkckn dsUnzh;
fo'ofo|ky; o tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds ckn vc bykgkckn
fo'ofo|ky; dks fookfnr cukuk pkgrk gS rks mls bldh dher pqdkuh
iM+sxhA _pk flag dks fo'ofo|ky; ds vykok bykgkckn 'kgj vkSj
Hkkjr ds vU; 'kgjksa esa Hkh leFkZu izkIr gSA m-iz- ds eq[; ea=h us _pk
flag dks efgyk fnol ij jkuh y{eh ckbZ ohjrk iqjLdkj nsdj lEekfur
fd;kA mUgksaus _pk flag ds dgus ij ikap clsa Hkh nh gSa ftlls
bykgkckn 'kgj ds fofHkUu bykdksa ls Nk= fo'ofo|ky; vklkuh ls vk
tk ldsaA ;g _pk dh cM+h thr gSA nwljh rjQ yksx le> jgs gSa fd
fgUnqRooknh vdknfed ifjljksa dk ekgkSy fcxkM+us esa yxs gq, gSaA
Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa xq.kkRed lq/kkj ds fy, _pk flag dk
bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; esa crkSj Nk=k o Nk= la?k v/;{kk ds :i esa
cuk jguk t:jh gSA _pk flag vkSj dUgS;k dqekj tSls ;qok usrk gh
Hkfo"; dh jktuhfr ds lw=/kkj gSaA bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; Nk= la?k ds
nks HkwriwoZ v/;{k Hkkjr ds iz/kku ea=h cu pqds gSaA vjfoan dstjhoky us
(39) (40)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
ljdkjh vkns'k gh rks pkfg,! ,d ns'k igy ysxk rks nwljs dks Hkh ,slk gh
9-
djuk iM+sxkA ;g rks nksuksa rjQ ds usrk gh r; djrs gSa fd muds ns'kksa ds
jk"Vª dh vo/kkj.kk chp nksLrh jgsxh vFkok nq'euhA vke yksx rks nksuksa rjQ 'kkafr gh pkgrs
gSaA ;g eSa viuh ikfdLrku dh nl ;k=kvksa ds vk/kkj ij dg ldrk gwaA
rks gekjs usrk nksuksa ns'kksa ds chp vkilh leL;k;ksa dk lek/kku <wa<+ dj
fiz; Hkqous'k]
chp dh lhek dks oSlk D;ksa ugha cuk nsrs tSlk fd ;wjksih; la?k ds ns'kksa ds
eSa jk"Vª ds izfr rqEgkjh Hkkouk dh dnz djrk gwa ysfdu fQj Hkh vFkok vejhdk&dukMk ds chp gS\ gekjs lSfud rks vf/kdka'k xzkeh.k
dgwaxk fd ;g ,d d`f=e vo/kkj.kk gSA ftl rjg ls fdlh dh /keZ ;k bykdksa ds ukStoku gSa tks ukSdjh djus ds fy, vkrs gSaA usrk ;k lEiUu
bZ'oj esa vkLFkk gksrh gS mlh rjg rqEgkjh vkLFkk jk"Vª esa gSA fdarq rqEgkjh yksx vius csVksa dks lsuk esa ugha HkstrsA eSaus flQZ xkt+k esa ns[kk gS fd
jk"Vª ds izfr ;g vkLFkk mruh gh va/k gS ftruh fdlh dh bZ'oj ;k /keZ usrkvksa ds csVs Hkh la?k"kZ esa ekjs tkrs gSa] 'kk;n blfy, fd ;g ,d cgqr
ds izfr gksrh gSA eq>s Hkh lhek ij ejus okys lSfudksa dh fpark gksrh gS NksVk lk ns'k gSA D;k ;g mfpr gS fd ftu ukStokuksa ds lkeus dksbZ
fdarq rqels vyx eq>s lhek ds nksuksa rjQ ejus okyksa dh fpark gksrh gS fodYi ugha ge muds thou dks dqckZu dj nsrs gSa\ D;k ;g mfpr gS fd
flQZ viuh rjQ ds fy, ughaA ;s lSfud fcuk otg ekjs tk jgs gSaA bu nks ukStokuksa ftuesa ls ,d lhek ds bl ikj iSnk gqvk] nwljk ml ikj] dks
dherh ftanfx;ksa ds var dks drbZ tk;t ugha Bgjk;k tk ldrkA eq>s ge vius&vius jk"Vªokn dh ?kqV~Vh fiykdj] tcfd jk"Vª dh lhek,a
crkvks tc nq'eu ns'k ds usrk dHkh Hkh izse ls fey ldrs gSa] ;kn gS u bfrgkl esa cnyrh jgrh gSa] ,d&nwljs dh tku ysus ds fy,
ujsUnz eksnh dk vQxkfuLrku ls Hkkjr ykSVrs gq, vpkud ikfdLrku vkeus&lkeus [kM+k dj nsrs gSa\ vkf[kj Hkkjr vkSj ikfdLrku 1947 ds
#duk vkSj uokt 'kjhQ ds ?kj 'kknh esa 'kjhd gksuk] rks ;s gekjs lSfudksa igys rks ,d gh eqYd Fks vkSj Hkfo"; esa orZeku :i esa gh ekStwn jgsaxs
dks D;ksa ,d&nwljs ls ejokrs gSa\ D;k rqeus dHkh lquk gS fd nq'eu ns'k bldh dksbZ xkj.Vh ughaA
ds nksuksa usrkvksa us vkil esa feyrs le; ,d&nwljs dks ekjus dh dksf'k'k
rqe dgrs gks fd ge vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk dk vkuan blfy,
dh gks\ ;fn vki lhek ikj lSfudksa dks Hkh mruk gh izse ls feyus dh NwV
mBk ik jgs gSa D;ksafd gekjs Hkkjr ekrk dks lefiZr lSfud lhek ij gekjh
ns nks ftl rjg usrk feyrs gSa rks 'kk;n ns'kksa ds chp nq'euh jgs gh uA
j{kk dj jgs gSaA rqEgsa bl ckr dk Hkh vanktk rks gksxk gh ge ftanxh dk
ok?kk lhek ds ikj nksuksa ns'kksa ds lSfudksa dh ;fn vkil esa ckr djus dh
vkuan mBk ikrs gSa D;ksafd gekjs fdlku dh esgur ls gekjs lkeus [kkus
bPNk gksrh Hkh gksxh rks mUgsa vkf/kdkfjd rkSj ij ,d&nwljs ls nq'euh
dh est ij fnu esa rhu&pkj ckj [kk| lkexzh vk tkrh gSA fiNys 25
dk gh lkoZtfud izn'kZu djuk iM+rk gS vkSj gjsd 'kke rks nksuksa rjQ
o"kksZa esa djhc rhu yk[k fdlkuksa us blfy, vkRegR;k dj yh gS D;ksafd os
,slk ekgkSy fufeZr djuk iM+rk gS fd muds ns'koklh ;q)ksUeknh ukjs
vius _.k vnk u dj ik,] tks ns'k dh j{kk esa ekjs x, lSfudksa ls dbZ
yxk ldsaA dYiuk dhft, fd bUgha lSfudksa dks gjsd 'kke nksuksa ns'kksa ds
xquk gSaA tks Hkko ge lSfudksa ds fy, O;Dr djrs gSa D;k geus fdlku ds
chp eS=h c<+kus okyk dksbZ dk;Zdze djus dks dg fn;k tk,! iwjk ekgkSy
fy, Hkh dHkh ,slk eglwl fd;k gS\ vkf[kj lSfud ls feyus okyh lqj{kk
gh cny tk,xkA dk;Zdze ds Lo:i esa ifjorZu ds fy, flQZ ,d
fdlku ds fdl dke dh gS\ Hkkjr dk lEiUu oxZ] gekjs usrkvksa us rks
(41) (42)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
vius fy, UkkfHkdh; 'kL=ksa rd ls cpus dh Hkh O;oLFkk dj j[kh gS] rks os Hkh frjaxk ns[k dj vkidh rjg ns'k ds izfr xoZ eglwl dj ldsa\
lSfudksa ds fcuk Hkh thfor jg ldrk gS ysfdu fdlku ds fcuk dksbZ Hkh rqeus vius i= dk lekiu *t; fgUn] t; Hkkjr* ds vfHkoknu
thfor ugha cpsxkA gekjs lSfud rks nq'euksa dh otg ls ej jgs gSa ysfdu ds lkFk fd;k gSA egku jktuhfrd lar o egkRek xka/kh ds vuq;k;h
gekjs fdlku viuh ljdkj dh uhfr;ksa ds dkj.k ej jgs gSa] ftls fuf'pr fouksck Hkkos us *t; txr* ds vfHkoknu dks yksdfiz; cuk;k FkkA
:i ls jksdk tk ldrk gSA i;kZoj.k dks cpkus dh t:jr dks ns[krs gq, 'kk;n vc *t; l`f"V*
rqe dgrs gks fd rqEgsa Hkkjrh; gksus ij ukt+ gS vkSj frjaxk >aMk vf/kd mi;qDr vfHkoknu gksxkA ekuork ds fgr esa D;k gesa viuh n`f"V
ns[k dj rqe viuk lj xoZ ls mBk ysrs gksA ;s rks flQZ Hkkouk,a gSaA rqEgsa dk foLrkj fo'o ;k czãk.M rd ugha djuk pkfg,\ vk'kk gS rqe bu lc
izrhd vPNs yxrs gksaxs vkSj rqe Hkze esa jguk ilan djrs gksA ;fn lPpkbZ ckrksa ij fopkj djksxsA
dk lkeuk fd;k tk, rks eq>s 'keZ vkrh gS fd eSa Hkkjr dk ukxfjd gwa lizse] lanhi
D;ksafd esjs ns'k dh ldy ?kjsyw mRikn fodkl nj vPNh gksrs gq, Hkh
¼;g i= Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds
mldk Qk;nk flQZ ;gka dk lEiUu oxZ gh mBk ikrk gS vkSj xjhc dks
flfoy bathfu;fjax ds ch-Vsd- vafre o"kZ ds Nk= Hkqous'k dqekj 'kekZ ds
mlds gky ij NksM+ fn;k x;k gSA gekjs lkekftd ekud nqfu;k esa lcls
esjs tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; esa 10 ekpZ] 2016 dks fn, x, Hkk"k.k
[kjkc gSaA nqfu;k esa dqiksf"kr cPps lcls vf/kd vuqikr esa gekjs ns'k esa gSaA
esa jk"Vª dh vo/kkj.kk ls fopfyr gksdj fy[ks i= ds tokc esa gSA Hkqous'k
vk/ks cPps fo|ky; ugha tkrsA 'kkSpky; dh miyC/krk dh fLFkfr Hkh
'kS{kf.kd l= 2014&15 esa MsoysiesaV LVMht+ dh esjh d{kk esa Nk= jg
nqfu;k esa lcls [kjkc gekjs ;gka gSA ge varfj{k lEca/kh 'kks/k djus esa xoZ
pqdk gSA½
eglwl djrs gSa ysfdu gekjs ;gka lQkbZ gsrq ftank balku dks lhoj esa
mrkjk tkrk gS ftuesa ls dbZ dh ne ?kqVus ls ekSr gks tkrh gSA vijk/kh]
/kks[kscktksa o Hkz"V yksxksa dk jkt gSA ljdkjh uhfr;ka balku dh t:jrksa
ds fglkc ls ugha cfYd Hkz"Vkpkj dh laHkkoukvksa dks ns[kdj cukbZ tkrh
gSaA ge nksxys pfj= ds gSa tks iRFkj dh ewfrZ iwtrs gSa ysfdu ftank balku
ds izfr laosnu'khy ugha gSaA iRFkj dh ewfrZ rks vkyh'kku eafnjksa esa jgrh gSa
ysfdu balku lM+d ij lksrk gS tgka ls mlds cPps nsg O;kikj ds fy,
xk;c dj fn, tkrs gSaA ?kjksa ds vanj efgyk,a o cPps ;kSu 'kks"k.k ls
lqjf{kr ugha gSaA lksuh lksjh dh rjg ds vkfnokfl;ksa ds lkFk jkT;
yxkrkj vR;kpj djrk gS D;ksafd mls mu ij Hkjkslk ugha vkSj 15 lkyksa
ls ,d ,slk dkuwu ftlls ekoukf/kdkj guu gqvk gS dks gVkus ds fy,
miokl ij cSBh bjkse 'kehZyk dh ckr dksbZ lquus dks rS;kj ughaA os yksx
ftUgsa ljdkj ls U;k; ugha feyk muls D;k vki mEehn dj ldrs gSa fd
(43) (44)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
10- Hkh ugha eku ldrs FksA blfy, mUgsa Hkkjr ekrk tks jk"Vª izse ds fy, ,d
D;k Hkxr flag dHkh izrhd ds :i esa izLrqr dh xbZa Fkha ds fy, ukjk yxkus dh t:jr Hkh
eglwl ugha gqbZ gksxhA pwafd os fdlh nsoh&nsork dh iwtk ugha djrs Fks]
*Hkkjr ekrk dh t;* dk ukjk yxkrs\ Hkkjr ekrk ds izfr Hkh mudh dksbZ vkLFkk ugha txh gksxhA bldh
lEHkkouk de gS fd mUgksaus dHkh Hkkjr ekrk dh t; dk ukjk yxk;k
tSlk fd ge tkurs gSa egku dzkafrdkjh Hkxr flag ukfLrd FksA gksxkA cfYd mudk ilannhnk ukjk Fkk *bUdykc&ftankcknA* D;k
mudh ,d izfl) fdrkc gS *eSa ukfLrd D;ksa gwa\* mudks ;g irk yx bldh otg ls mudh ns'kHkfDr esa dksbZ deh jgh gksxh\ mudh ftanxh
tkus ds ckn Hkh fd mUgsa Qkalh gksus okyh gS mUgksaus vius fl)karksa ls ls rks ;g lans'k feyrk gS fd ns'kHkfDr rks O;fDr ds fopkjksa o dk;ksZa ls
le>kSrk ugha fd;kA u rks mUgksaus fnYyh fLFkr dsUnzh; fo/kku lHkk esa r; gksrh gS u fd izrhdkRed ukjksa esaA
ce foLQksV djus ds fy, dksbZ [ksn O;Dr fd;k vkSj u gh vaxzstksa ls
jk"Vªh; Loa;lsod la?k bl ckr dks izpkfjr dj ns'k dks cgqr
ekQh ekaxhA ;g ns[krs gq, fd mUgsa ek= 23 o"kZ dh mez esa gh Qkalh gks
uqdlku igqapk jgk gS fd ns'k ds izfr oQknkjh dks lkfcr djus ds fy,
xbZ mUgsa vktknh ds vkanksyu ds fy, cgqr dqN djus dk oDr ugha feyk
*Hkkjr ekrk dh t;* dk ukjk yxkuk t:jh gSA ,sls vufxur yksx gSa tks
fdarq blesa dksbZ nks jk; ugha fd vktknh ds vkanksyu esa 'kkfey lcls
iwjh fu"Bk vkSj bZekunkjh ds lkFk lekt vkSj ekuork dh lsok esa yxs gq,
izsj.kknk;h O;fDrRoksa esa ls os ,d gSaA
gSaA ns'k ds izfr leiZ.k dks vfHkO;Dr djus ds muds rjhds fHkUu gksaxsA
Hkxr flag HkkSfrd ;FkkFkZ dks ekurs Fks ,oa Hkkjr ds xjhc ds lkFk mnkgj.k ds fy, ,d fpfdRld ejhtksa dk bykt dj ns'k&lekt dh
gksus okys vR;kpkj dks ysdj fpafrr jgrs FksA os Hkkjr ds djksM+ksa yksxksa lsok dj jgh gSA D;k mls viuh jk"VªHkfDr dk izek.k nsus ds fy, vc
dh xjhch o 'kks"k.k ls eqfDr gsrq dke djuk pkgrs FksA dbZ yksx tc *Hkkjr ekrk dh t;* dk ukjk yxkuk gksxk\
thou esa djus ds fy, dfBu dke pqurs gSa rks mUgsa bZ'oj ds lgkjs dh
,sfrgkfld dkj.kksa ls *Hkkjr ekrk dh t;* dk ukjk gekjs fnekx
t:jr iM+rh gSA bZ'oj esa vkLFkk ls mUgsa t:jreanksa dh enn ds
esa nqxkZ ds :i dh fdlh nsoh dk fp= mdsjrk gS ftudh iwtk fganw /keZ
pqukSrhiw.kZ dk;Z ds lEiknu ds fy, vkarfjd 'kfDr feyrh gSA enj
dks ekuus okyk ,d oxZ djrk gSA fdarq Hkkjr dh okLrfodrk
Vsjslk bldk ,d vPNk mnkgj.k gSaA fdarq Hkxr flag dks bl fdLe dh
vkLFkk dh vko';drk eglwl ugha gqbZA mUgsa vius ij Hkjkslk dj vanj fofo/krkiw.kZ gSA fganw /keZ ls vyx dksbZ /keZ ekuus okyk ;k ewfrZ iwtk esa
ls 'kfDr feyrh FkhA os lektokn ds fl)kar dks ekurs Fks ,oa jktuhfrd fo'okl u djus okyk O;fDr Hkkjr ekrk dh bl Nfo ls vius vki dks
cnyko esa ;dhu djrs FksA mUgksaus la[;k esa cgqr de ysfdu tcjnLr ugha tksM+ ik,xkA fganw lekt dk fgLlk ekuh tkus okyh dbZ nfyr
oSpkfjd izfrc)rk okys lg;ksfx;ksa ds lkFk vaxzst ljdkj ls yksgk ysus tkfr;ka Hkh bl :i dh nsoh dh iwtk ugha djrhaA cfYd buesa ls dqN
dh Bkuh vkSj cqjh rjg ijkLr gq,A fdarq mudh Hkkouk dks dksbZ dqpy u 'kk;n nsoh dh bl Nfo ds f[kykQ Hkh gSaA
ldk vkSj vkt Hkh muls izsj.kk ysdj gtkjksa&yk[kksa yksx lekftd vkfnoklh lekt tks taxyksa ds bnZ&fxnZ jgrs gSa ,oa ftudk
cnyko ds dzkafrdkjh dke esa yxs gq, gSaA thou izkd`frd lalk/kuksa ij fuHkZj gS xtc dh lkaLd`frd fofo/krk fy,
pwafd Hkxr flag bZ'oj dks ugha ekurs Fks vr% os fdlh izrhd dks gq, gSaA ;s lekt fganw /keZ ds tUe ls igys bl Hkwfe ij fo|eku gSaA buesa
(45) (46)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
ls dbZ ekuo :ih nsoh&nsork dks u rks iwtrs gSa vkSj u gh gekjh jk"Vª dh vrkfdZd mRrstuk dk ifj.kke [kqysvke gR;k,a Hkh gks ldrh gSa tSls fd
Hkkouk dks lk>k djrs gSaA ;s taxy] feV~Vh] o"kkZ] igkM+] unh o leqnz tSls nknjh o >kj[k.M esa ,d vU; HkkoukRed eqn~ns & xksj{kk vkSj xksekal &
izkd`frd izrhdksa dh iwtk djrs gSa ftuds lkFk mudk mHk; le`f) dk ij gqbZaA Hkxr flag us ;qokvksa dks bl fdLe ds /kkfeZd&jk"Vªokn ds
fj'rk cuk gqvk gSA fopkj ls lko/kku Hkh fd;k FkkA 1924 dks vius dhfrZ esa izdkf'kr ys[k esa
buds vykok ukfLrd vkSj bZ'oj ls vyx fdlh vU; izdkj dh lkEiznkf;d usrkvksa vkSj xSj&ftEesnkj LFkkuh; v[kckjksa dks bl ckr ds
'kfDr dks ekuus okys yksx gSa] ftuds ukxfjd ds :i esa laoS/kkfud fy, vkM+s gkFkksa fy;k fd os dze'k% mRrstukiw.kZ ukjksa o 'kh"kZd }kjk
vf/kdkj gSa] os Hkh Hkkjr ekrk dh Nfo dks Lohdkj ugha djrsA vk/kqfud lkEiznkf;d fgalk dk ekgkSy fufeZr djrs gSaA
;qx esa oSKkfud o rkfdZd lksp ds foLrkj ls ,sls yksxksa dh la[;k c<+h jk"Vªokn dh izrhd Hkkjr ekrk dks ysdj ukjk yxkus ds ctk,
gSA vPNk gksxk ;fn ge fdlh fujkfJr efgyk ;k yM+dh dh enn djsa vkSj
mi;ZqDr lkjs yksx tks Hkkjr ds ukxfjd gSa vius&vius rjhds ls lekt esa mudk lEeku LFkkfir djsaA vly esa tks lekt ds izfr viuh
ns'k ds lkFk vius dks tksM+rs gSa vkSj lekt dks vkxs c<+kus ds fy, dke Hkwfedk Bhd ls ugha fuHkkrs vFkok vius ifjokj dh efgykvksa dk lEeku
dj jgs gSaA muds lkaLd`frd izrhd fHkUu gSa tks muds lanHkZ esa izklafxd ugha djrs ,sls yksxksa dks gh izrhdkRed jk"Vªokn ds izfr lkoZtfud :i
gSaA gjsd leqnk; dks vius izrhdksa vkSj deZdk.Mksa dks ekuus dk vf/kdkj ls viuh oQknkjh lkfcr djus ds fy, mRrstukiw.kZ ukjs yxkus dh
gS tc rd og fdlh vU; ij tcjnLrh ugha Fkksik tk jgk gSA t:jr eglwl gksrh gSA
;gh otg gS fd gekjs iwoZtksa] ftUgksaus vaxzstksa ls vktknh dh ¼;g ys[k esjs HkkbZ jkgqy ik.Ms; ds lkFk la;qDr :i ls fy[kk x;kA½
yM+kbZ esa usr`Ro fd;k] us gekjs lekt ds cgqyrkoknh pfj= dks egRo
fn;kA mudks ;g ,glkl gks x;k Fkk fd bl fofo/krk ds laj{k.k dh
etcwr uhao ij gh Hkkjr dh thoarrk lqfuf'pr gSA vktknh dh yM+kbZ ds
dn~nkoj usrk tks Hkkjrh; turk ds chp yksdfiz; jgs] tSls xka/kh] [kku
vCnqy xQ~Qkj [kku] vEcsMdj] cksl] Hkxr flag] fryd] usg:] ekSykuk
vktkn] iVsy] VSxksj o vU;] vius fopkjksa o j.kuhfr esa QdZ dks vyx
j[kdj bu lk>k ewY;ksa ij lger FksA os cgqyrkokn] /keZ&fuisZ{krk]
U;k;] yksdra= tSlk ewY;ksa ij dksbZ le>kSrk ugha djus dks rS;kj FksA
;gh otg gS fd ;s ekSfyd ewY; gekjs lafo/kku dh Hkh vkRek esa gSa vkSj
gekjs jk"Vªh; izrhdksa tSls frjaxs ;k *t; fgUn* ds ukjs esa HkhA
;fn jk"Vªokn dh Hkkouk /kkfeZd izrhdksa tSls Hkkjr ekrk ds lkFk
tksM+ dj ns[kh tkus yxsxh rks lekt esa caVokjk o ruko QSysxkA
(47) (48)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
11- fo'ofo|ky; dh cnekuh gks jgh gS fdarq gdhdr ;g gS fd dqyifr
la?k ifjokj gekjs mPp f'k{k.k laLFkkuksa }kjk la?k ifjokj ds ncko esa dh xbZ dk;Zokgh ls fo'ofo|ky; dk
i<+us&fy[kus dk egkSy [kjkc gqvk o nks fo}kuksa dh Nfo /kwfey gqbZ gSA
dh fo'oluh;rk [kRe djus esa yxk izksQslj fcank ijkatis dks dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds bfrgkl
foHkkx dk v/;{k ugha cuk;k x;k tcfd fu;keqlkj mUgha dh ckjh Fkh
,lksfl,V izksQslj Js;k HkV~Vkpkjth la?k ifjokj dk lcls
vkSj v#.kk flUgk dks rhljh ckj dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; vf/kfu;e dk
gkfy;k fu'kkuk gSaA mUgsa >kj[k.M ds dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr
mYya?ku dj foHkkxk/;{k cuk fn;k x;kA mUgsa foHkkxk/;{k blfy,
izksQslj uan dqekj ;kno us fuyfEcr dj fn;k D;ksafd mUgksaus ,d
cuk;k x;k Fkk rkfd jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s dqN yksxksa dh
dk;Zdze esa tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds ,d lkekftd foKku
fu;qfDr;ka dh tk ldasA v#.kk flUgk ds nks 'kks/k Nk=ksa dks ,fllVs.V
dsUnz ds lsok fuo`r izksQslj ,e-,u- ikf.k.kh dks fof'k"V vfrfFk ds :i esa
izksQslj cuk fn;k x;k gS ftlesa ls ,d c`ts'k ds f[kykQ fo'ofo|ky;
cqyk;k FkkA ikf.k.kh ds Åij mu Nk=ksa dks laj{k.k nsus dk vkjksi gS
ifjlj esa fLFkr efgyk egkfo|ky; esa i<+krs le; yM+fd;ksa us ijs'kku
ftuij gky esa jk"Vªnzksg dk eqdnek ntZ gqvk gSA lp rks ;g gS fd
djus dk vkjksi yxk;k FkkA nks vU; uofu;qDr ,fllVs.V izksQsljksa ij
ikf.k.kh orZeku esa csaxyq: ds ,d eSjk izca/ku laLFkku ls lEc) gSa rFkk
'kks/k esa udy djus dk vkjksi gSA v'kksd dqekj lksudj dh rks iwjh
tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ifjlj ij gqbZ ?kVukvksa ls mudk dksbZ
ih,p-Mh- Fkhfll gh udy djds rS;kj dh xbZ gS vkSj lR;iky ;kno us
ysuk&nsuk ugha gSA >kj[k.M dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; ls tkjh lwpuk esa
,d ys[k dk dqN fgLlk udy dj fy[kk gSA
dgk x;k gS fd izksQslj ,e-,u- ikf.k.kh fookfnr lR;fu"Bk okys O;fDr
gaSA fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu ds rc gks'k mM+ x, tc jkT;iky us viuk dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa gh Kku izdk'k feJ dks i=dkfjrk
dk;Zdze ftlesa mUgsa eap ij ikf.k.kh ds lkFk cSBuk Fkk jn~n dj fn;kA o tu lapkj foHkkx esa ,lksfl,V izksQslj cuk fn;k x;k gS tcfd muds
vc dqyifr ;g crk jgs gSa fd ikf.k.kh ds dk;Zdze ds dkj.k mudks tks ikl bl fo"k; esa ih,p-Mh- ugha gSA mudh fMxzh fgUnh esa gSA u gh muds
/kefd;ka feyh Fkha bl otg ls mUgksaus ikf.k.kh dk fuea=.k okil ys ikl ,lksfl,V izksQslj cuus ds fy, t:jh vkB o"kZ dk f'k{k.k dk;Z dk
vuqHko gSA os HkwriwoZ ekuo lalk/ku ea=h eqjyh euksgj tks'kh ds utnhdh
fy;k gSA tSls tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk=ksa ds f[kykQ
ekus tkrs gSaA
vkjksiksa dh dksbZ iqf"V ugha gqbZ gS oSls gh ikf.k.kh ;k HkV~Vkpkjth ds
f[kykQ Hkh >wBs vkjksi yxk fn, x, gSaA dqyifr fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh ftudh ns[k&js[k esa ;s lkjh
vfu;ferrk,a cjrh tk jgh gSa dh [kqn dh vdknfed i`"BHkwfe dkQh
,d fo}ku ds :i esa ikf.k.kh vkfFkZd fodkl ds lkFk c<+rh
detksj gSA mUgsa bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds vFkZ'kkL= foHkkx esa tgka os
vfFkZd fo"kerk ds loky dk v/;;u djrs gSaA HkV~Vkpkjth dsUnzh;
izksQslj jgs dHkh i<+krs ugha ik;k x;k vkSj u gh mUgksaus dksbZ 'kks/k fd;k
fo'ofo|ky; ds Hkk"kk o f'k{kk foHkkx dh gh Mhu ugha gSa cfYd Nk=
gSA
ekeyksa dh Hkh Mhu gSaA tkfgj gS os ,d fo}ku ds lkFk lkFk ,d dq'ky
iz'kkld Hkh gSaA dqyifr dks yx jgk gksxk fd mudh otg ls blh rjg dh fooknkLin fu;qfDr fQYe o Vsyhfot+u
baLVhV~;wV] iq.ks] ds v/;{k in ij xtsUnz flag pkSgku dh gqbZ ftudk
(49) (50)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
ifjlj ds vanj gh dkQh fojks/k gqvkA pkSgku dk fQYe ds {ks= esa ,slk ljdkj dsUnz esa vkbZ gS dsUnzh; ljdkj ds mPp 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa esa
dksbZ mYys[kuh; dk;Z ugha gS fd mUgsa fdlh laLFkku dk v/;{k cuk;k LFkkfir fo}kuksa dk mRihM+u dj vius in mUgsa NksM+us ij etcwj fd;k
tk,A tk jgk gS vkSj jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s lafnX/k dkfcfy;r o pfj=
vfer lsuxqIrk tks Hkkjrh; tu lapkj laLFkku esa ofj"B f'k{kd ds yksxksa dh fu;qfDr;ka dj laLFkkuksa dk vdknfed ekgkSy [kjkc fd;k
Fks dks bLrhQk nsuk iM+k D;ksafd mudk rcknyk nwj vksMhlk ds /kseduky tk jgkA bldk vlj ;g gksxk fd gekjs laLFkkuksa dh 'kS{kf.kd o 'kks/k
ftys esa dj fn;k x;k FkkA mUgsa fQYe o Vsyhfot+u baLVhV~;wV] gSnjkckn dh xq.koRrk tks igys ls gh dksbZ fo'o Lrjh; ugha jgh vkSj [kjkc gks
dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; o tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; esa Nk=ksa ds tk,xhA
izfrjks/k dk leFkZu djus dh ltk nh xbZ FkhA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqMs+ dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa ,d
gSnjkckn dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; ds nks izksQsljksa ds-okbZ- jrue o izksQslj gSa dkS'ky fd'kksj feJ ftuds f[kykQ fiNys yksd lHkk pquko esa
rFkkxr lsuxqIrk dks dqyifr vIik jko iksfMys ds ifjlj ij okil vke vkneh ikVhZ ds usrk lkseukFk Hkkjrh ij geys ds fy, mdlkus ds
ykSVus dk fojks/k djus ds fy, 25 yksxksa ds lkFk fxjQ~rkj fd;k x;kA ekeys esa eqdnek ntZ gks x;k FkkA ,sls yksx [kqydj ifjlj ij jktuhfr
vIik jko iksfMys vkSj dsUnzh; ea=h c.Mk: nRrk=s; ds f[kykQ jksfgr djrs gSa] jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh 'kk[kk,a yxokrs gSa o fgald
oseqyk dks vkRegR;k ds fy, etcwj djus ds fy, o vuqlwfpr xfrfof/k;ksa dks laj{k.k nsrs gSa vkSj nwljh fopkj/kkjkvksa ds yksxksa ij
tkfr@vuqlwfpr tutkfr ¼vR;kpkj fuokj.k½ vf/kfu;e ds rgr ifjlj dk jktuhfrdj.k djus dk vkjksi yxkrs gSaA bl le; gekjs
eqdnes ntZ gSaA jrue vEcsMdj v/;;u foHkkx ds foHkkxk/;{k vkSj vdknfed ifjljksa dks lcls cM+k [krjk jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls gS tks
lsuxqIrk xf.kr ds izksQslj gSaA mudks fu;af=r djus ds iz;kl esa iwjh rjg ls rckg dj jgh gSA bl
18 ekpZ dks lsok fuo`r izksQslj peu yky ds Hkxr flag ij izfdz;k esa fdlh Hkh ifjlj ij lh[kus gsrq rdZiw.kZ ftKklk ds fy, tks
O;k[;ku esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ds Nk=ksa us fo?u MkykA [kqyk ekgkSy pkfg, mldk xyk ?kksaVk tk jgk gSA
izksQslj }kjk izn'kZu dj jgs Nk=ksa ds lkFk laokn dh dksf'k'k vlQy jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dks bl ckr ls dksbZ QdZ ugha iM+rk fd
jghA peu yky us *Hkxr flag dks le>sa* uked fdrkc fy[kh gSA ukscsy iqjLdkj fotsrk osadVjkeu jkekd`".kuu us Hkkjrh; foKku dkaxzsl
dsfEczt fo'ofo|ky; ls ih,p-Mh- o VkVk baLVhV~;wV vkWQ dks ldZl crkrs gq, ftlesa vc foKku ds LkkFk /keZ vkSj jktuhfr dk
lks'ky lkbalst+ esa izksQslj csyk HkkfV;k 2007 ls NRrhlx<+ esa 'kks/kdrhZ ?kkyesy gks jgk gS mlds lEesyuksa esa vkus ls euk dj fn;k gSA
gSaA os vc la?k ifjokj ds fu'kkus ij gSa D;ksafd mUgksaus dqN vkfnoklh
efgykvksa dk mu lqj{kk dfeZ;ksa ds f[kykQ izkFkfedh ntZ djkus esa
lg;ksx fd;k gS ftUgksaus efgykvksa dk ;kSu mRihM+u o muds lkFk
lkewfgd cykRdkj fd;k FkkA
mi;qZDr ls ge ns[k ldrs gSa fd tc ls Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh
(51) (52)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
12- dks vius gkFkksa esa ysus ds fy, mdlkus okyk gS] ml ij U;k;ky; us dgk
QSlyk ftlus laoS/kkfud vf/kdkjksa fd ljdkjh uhfr;ksa dh U;k;iw.kZ vkykspuk vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk dks
ckf/kr djus dk vk/kkj ugha cu ldrkA U;k;ky; us vkxs dgk fd ,slh
dh odkyr dh gS ifjfLFkfr iSnk gks ldrh gS fd ftEesnkj yksxksa dks eglwl gks fd
vkykspuk djuk mudk drZO; gS vkSj os ppkZ ds fy, yksxksa dks cqyk
23 vizSy] 2016 dks bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; dk QSlyk ftlus
ldrs gSa] bls vuqfpr O;ogkj ;k vuq'kklughurk ugha ekuk tk,xkA
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls esjh c[kkZLrxh
U;k;ky; us fojks/k O;Dr djus ds vf/kdkj dks oS/k Bgjk;k gS tks
dks [kkfjt fd;k esjs fy, cgqr jkgr dh lkal Fkh D;ksafd blus
yksdra= dh Mads dh pksV ij fot; gSA
fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu }kjk esjs fopkjksa o dk;ksZa ij [kM+s fd, x, lokyksa
dks njfdukj fd;kA fcuk jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k] lRrk@la[;k ds gykafd dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds laLFkkid enu eksgu
vk/kkj ij vius dks nwljksa ij Fkksius dh dksf'k'k djus okyh fgUnqRo dh ekyoh; fgUnw egklHkk ls tqM+s gq, Fks fdarq ;g mYys[kuh; gS fd mUgksaus
fopkj/kkjk vkSj dqyifr fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh dk uke fy, mudh dgk Fkk] *Hkkjr flQZ fgUnqvksa dk ns'k ugha gS] ;gka eqfLye] bZlkbZ o
vkykspuk dh xbZ gSA ikjlh Hkh jgrs gSaA ns'k rHkh etcwr vkSj fodflr gks ldrk gS tc Hkkjr
esa fofHkUu leqnk;ksa ds yksx vkilh fo'okl vkSj lkSgkn~;Z ds lkFk jgsaxsA*
lcls egRoiw.kZ ckr gS fd QSlys us vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk ds
U;k;ky; us cM+k lksp le> dj egkeuk dk ;g dFku m)r fd;k gS
vf/kdkj dh j{kk dh gSA og dgrk gS fd fdlh dk utfj;k lgh gks ;k
D;ksafd fgUnqRo dh fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus okys yksx nwljs /keZ ds
xyr mls vius fopkjksa dks vfHkO;Dr djus dk oS/k ,oa laoS/kkfud
vuq;kf;;ksa ij gkoh gksdj mUgsa nks;e ntsZ ds ukxfjd dk LFkku nsuk
vf/kdkj gS ftldk vigj.k dksbZ vlfg".kq lewg ugha dj ldrkA bl
pkgrs gSa ;k fQj mUgsa ns'knzksgh djkj nsrs gSaA U;k;ky; ;g Hkh lans'k nsuk
rjg lfg".kqrk & vlfg".kqrk dh cgl esa tks vHkh dqN fnuksa igys
pkgrk gS fd yksxksa ds fnekxksa esa lkEiznkf;d vk/kkj ij caVokjk iSnk
lqf[kZ;ksa esa jgh] QSlys us Li"V dgk gS fd fofHkUu fopkjksa dk xyk ?kksaVuk
djus ls ns'k detksj gksxk tSlk fd 69 o"kZ igys HkkSxksfyd foHkktu ls
vlfg".kqrk gSA okYrs;j ds bl dFku dks m)r dj U;k;ky; us rks
gqvk FkkA fgUnqRo dk fodkl nwljs /keksZa dh dher ij gks ldrk gS bl
deky gh dj fn;k] *eSa vkils vler gks ldrk gwa fdarq vkids viuh
fopkj dks egkeuk us vLohdkj fd;k FkkA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds
ckr dks dgus ds vf/kdkj dh j{kk eSa e`R;q rd d:axkA* bl rjg tks
yksxksa dks yxrk gksxk fd ekyoh; th mUgha tSlk lksprs Fks fdarq mi;qZDr
vkrad dk ekgkSy fufeZr fd;k x;k Fkk ftlesa fdlh ds deZ ugha cfYd
okD; fn[kkrk gS fd ekyoh; th dh lksp ladh.kZ ugha FkhA ekyoh; th
ok.kh ds vk/kkj ij gh mls ns'knzksgh Bgjk fn;k tkrk gS vkSj fQj mlds
dk ;g dFku m)r dj U;k;ky; us lafo/kku esa mfYyf[kr /keZfuisZ{krk
Åij tkuysok geyk Hkh gks ldrk gS] dh U;k;ky; us gok fudky nhA
ds ewY; ij Hkh viuh eksgj yxkbZ gS tks fd yEcs le; ls ns'k esa
gesa mEehn gS fd vkdzked fgUnqRo fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus okyksa dks dqN
lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk dk vk/kkj jgk gS fdarq b/kj dqN fnuksa ls nf{k.k
le> vk,xhA
iaFkh 'kfDr;ksa ds geys dk fu'kkuk jgk gSA ge mEehn djsaxs fd nf{k.k
esjs Åij tks vkjksi Fkk fd esjk f'k{k.k jk"Vª fojks/kh gS]
iaFkh ckj&ckj /keZfuisZ{krk ij izgkj ugha djsaxs D;ksafd gekjs ;gka ;g
lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk fcxkM+us okyk gS vkSj Nk=ksa dks ifjlj ij dkuwu
(53) (54)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
lkekftd ewY; yksdrkaf=d Hkkjr ds bfrgkl ls iqjkuk gSA vius nks fnXxt fj'rsnkj izksQsljksa dh Js.kh esa vk x;k gwa ftUgsa Hkh ;gka ls
egkeuk ds fopkj dk vknj djrs gq, fo'ofo|ky; iz'kkldksa fudkyk x;k FkkA b.MkWyksth foHkkx ds izksQslj jkt cyh ik.Ms; tks esjh
dks pkfg, fd ifjlj ij cus HkO; fo'oukFk eafnj dh rjg vU; /keksZa ds eka ds ekSlk Fks vkSj ckn esa tcyiqj fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr cus o vkbZ-
vuq;kf;;ksa dks izkFkZuk djus ds fy, muds /kkfeZd LFkyksa dk Hkh fuekZ.k vkbZ-Vh- cuus ls igys izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds igys funs'kd o jklk;fud
djk,aA fQygky ifjlj ij jgus okys xSj&fgUnqvksa] [kkldj eqfLye o vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx ds izksQslj xksiky f=ikBh] tks jktcyh ik.Ms; ds
bZlkb;ksa] dks viuh izkFkZuk djus ifjlj ls ckgj tkuk iM+rk gSA QqQsjs HkkbZ Fks] dks 1960 esa izksQslj gtkjh izlkn f}osnh o vU; ds lkFk
fo'ofo|ky; ls fudkyk x;k FkkA izfl) ckS) fo}ku vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso
U;k;ky; us dqyifr vkSj muds jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s
tks fo'ofo|ky; ds rhu o"kZ dqyifr jgs dks Hkh dk'kh fgUnw
fe=ksa] tks fo'ofo|ky; ds iz'kklfud inksa ij vklhu gSa] ds ckjs esa rY[k
fo'ofo|ky; dqN vfiz; ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa NksM+uk iM+k FkkA
fVIi.kh djrs gq, dgk gS fd vdknfed o iz'kklfud ekeyksa esa mUgsa
jktuhfrd :i ls rVLFk jguk pkfg,A QSdYVh ekeyksa ds Mhu izksQslj ¼uksV% esjs i{k esa bruk cf<+;k QSlyk vkus ds ckn Hkh dqyifr us
/kuat; ik.Ms; us eq>s Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa esjh vHkh rd cgkyh ugha dh gSA½
fo'ofo|ky; dh vkpkj lafgrk lgk;d jftLVªkj ds ek/;e ls 15
vDVwcj] 2015 dks fHktokbZA Bhd mlh fnu jktuhfr foKku ds Nk=
vfouk'k ik.Ms; us esjs ckjs esa dqyifr ls f'kdk;r dhA esjs vuqca/k dks
lekIr djus dh lkft'k tks jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s yksxksa us jph
mlesa f'kdk;rdrkZ vkSj iz'kkld ,d gks x,A U;k;ky; us dgk gS fd
esjk vuqca/k lkekU; rjhds ls ugha cfYd ykaNu yxkus o nf.Mr djus ds
mn~ns'; ls lekIr fd;k x;kA mlus dgk fd *lkbcj vijk/k o jk"Vªfgr
ds fo#) dke djuk tSls Hkkjh Hkjde 'kCnksa dk bLrseky cgqr gYds <ax
ls fd;k x;k gSA yxk, x, vkjksiksa dh izd`fr xEHkhj gS vkSj bu vkjksiksa
dk inklhu ds pfj= o O;ogkj ij xEHkhj izHkko iM+sxk vkSj ftl rjg
fcuk mls lquokbZ dk ekSdk fn, fu.kZ; fy;k x;k gS ge mls mfpr ugha
Bgjk ldrsA*
fu.kZ; ls eq>s o esjs dbZ fe=ksa dks tks bl ekgkSy esa ?kqVu eglwl
dj jgs Fks dks jkgr feyh gSA gesa ekywe gqvk fd vHkh yksdra= iwjh rjg
ls ns'k o ifjlj ls xk;c ugha gqvk gSA
eSa bls viuk lkSHkkX; ekurk gwa fd eSa vc fo'ofo|ky; ls tqM+s
(55) (56)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
13- vEehnokj ds :i esaA ch-,- ,d ckj esa iwjh ugha dj ik,] nksckjk dksf'k'k
dh rks pkj lky esa fMxzh iwjh dhA mudk ,e-,- dk fo"k; fy[kk gS *lEiw.kZ
pquko esa 'kS{kf.kd ik=rk dh ckr djus jktuhfr foKkuA* vc ;g Li"V gks jgk gS fd viuh jktuhfrd
okyksa dh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk lafnX/k xfrfof/k;ksa ds dkj.k os d{kk esa mifLFkr ugha jgrs Fks blhfy, mUgksaus
nwjLFk f'k{kk o ckgjh mEehnokj tSls fodYiksa dk lgkjk fy;kA ekuo
Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh gfj;k.kk o jktLFkku ljdkjksa us lalk/ku ea=h us rhu ckj pquko yM+us ls igys tek fd, x, rhu 'kiFk
iapk;r pqukoksa esa] dze'k%] d{kk nl o vkB mRrh.kZ gksus dh 'kS{kf.kd i=ksa esa viuh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk dks ysdj rhu fHkUu tkudkfj;ka nh gaSA
;ksX;rk vfuok;Z dj nh gSA Hkktik vFkok mldh oSpkfjd izsj.kk lzksr Le`fr bZjkuh i=kpkj ls ch-,- iwjk dj ikus esa vlQy jgh Fkha] vr% mudh
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k Hkkjr ds ,d ek= jktuhfrd laxBu gSa tks pquko 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk flQZ d{kk ckjg mRrh.kZ gS ftl ckr dks os dcwy ugha
yM+us ds fy, 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk dks vfuok;Z djus dh odkyr djrs jgs djuk pkgrhaA lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds rgr bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; dk
gSaA vFkZ'kkL= foHkkx orZeku dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr izksQslj
gekjk jktuhfrd usr`Ro bruk i<+k fy[kk u gks ysfdu fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh] tks igys ogka i<+krs Fks] ds 'kks/k dk;Z ds ckjs esa
ukSdj'kkgh rks f'kf{kr gS ghA cfYd tks Hkkjrh; iz'kklfud lsok ds tkudkjh nsus esa vlQy gSA os orZeku in ij viuh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk
vQlj gSa os Hkkjr dh dfBure ekuh tkus okyh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dj ugha vfirq jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls fudVrk ds dkj.k vklhu gSaA
p;fur fd, tkrs gSa vkSj bl n`f"V ls gekjs ns'k ds lcls rst fnekx ds mudh ns[k js[k esa dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds bfrgkl foHkkx esa nks
yksx gksrs gSaA fdarq ge ;fn bu vf/kdkfj;ksa dk fofHkUu uhfr;ksa ,oa fu;qfDr;ka gqbZa gSa] igyh lR;iky ;kno] ftUgksaus gfj'kadj ds *dk'kh ds
dk;Zdzeksa ds fdz;kUo;u] tks budh eq[; ftEesnkjh gS] dks ysdj ?kkV* ls ,d ys[k dk dqN fgLlk udy fd;k gS] nwljh v'kksd dqekj
ewY;kadu djus yxsa rks ftruk de dgk tk, mruh gh csgrj gksxkA lksudj] ftudh ih,p-Mh-] Mh-,-oh-] okjk.klh ds ysDpjj iz'kkar d';i
vU; rhljh nqfu;k ds ns'kksa dh rqyuk esa vkSj [kkldj caXykns'k ds] ds *x<+oky dk bfrgkl* dh udy gSA ;s rks flQZ mnkgj.k gSa fd orZeku
ftlus viuh vkcknh dh fLFkfr dks csgrj cukus dk ljkguh; iz;kl le; esa fdl fdLe ds yksx inksa ij vklhu gSaA
fd;k gS] Hkkjr ds lkekftd ekudksa esa fxjkoV vkbZ gSA jktusrk Hkz"V ,slk t:jh ugha gS fd flQZ mPpre Lrj ds vdknfed ;ksX;rk
gksaxs fdarq D;k os ukSdj'kkgh ds xBtksM+ ds fcuk Hkz"Vkpkj dj ldrs gSa\ okys gh yksx pkfg,] flok, vdknfed laLFkkuksa ds inksa ijA fdarq jk"Vªh;
cfYd ukSdj'kkgh rks viuh i<+kbZ fy[kkbZ dk bLrseky pkykdh ls Lo;alsod la?k ;k Hkktik ds yksx tks pqukoksa esa 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk dks
Hkz"Vkpkj djus ds fy, djrh gSA vr% f'k{kk okyh ;ksX;rk dk cgqr vfuok;Z cukuk pkgrs gSa mudh [kqn dh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk,a lafnX/k gSaA
eryc gS ughaA le>nkjh vkSj lw>&cw> dk t:j egRo gS ftlds fy, bRrsQkd ls ;gh os yksx gSa tks vdknfed laLFkkuksa o ukSdfj;ksa esa vkj{k.k
vkSipkfjd f'k{kk t:jh ugha gSA dk fojks/k djrs gSa o ekax djrs gSa fd p;u ;ksX;rk ds vk/kkj ij gks]
gky gh esa iz/kku ea=h dh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk dks ysdj loky [kM+k gykafd iz/kku ea=h dks dkQh esgur djuh iM+ jgh gS ;g le>kus ds fy,
gqvkA usjUnz eksnh us ch-,- nwjLFk f'k{kk ls fd;k vkSj ,e-,- ckgjh fd os vkj{k.k [kRe ugha djsaxsA ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod
(57) (58)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
la?k ls tqM+s yksxksa dks lafnX/k rjhdksa ls ;ksX;rk gkfly djus esa dksbZ T;knkrj QthZ gSaA lekt esa ml rjg ls cM+h jde 'kqYd ds :i esa nsus
uSfrd fnDdr ugha gSA blesa dksbZ ubZ ckr ugha gSA fgUnw tkfr O;oLFkk ;k udy dh O;oLFkk ds f[kykQ ml rjg ds fojks/k izn'kZu ugha ns[ks x,
ds ojh;rk dze esa 'kkld oxZ us ges'kk vuSfrd rjhdksa dks viukrs gq,] gSa tSls fd vkj{k.k ds fojks/k esa dbZ ckj ns[kus dks feyrs gSaA
tSls ,dyO; dk vaxwBk xq: nf{k.kk esa ekax dj ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k fd ;g gS Hkkjr ds mPp f'k{kk dh dgkuhA csjkstxkjh dqN blfy,
og lo.kZ jktdqekjksa ds lkFk ;ksX;rk ds vk/kkj ij izfrLi/kkZ esa [kM+k u Hkh gS D;ksafd i<+s fy[ks yksx ukdkfcy gSaA ;fn fdlh us vuSfrd rjhds ls
jgs] Hkksyh Hkkyh turk] ftlesa tkfr O;oLFkk dh ojh;rk dze esa uhps ds viuh fMxzh gkfly dh gS rks ge mlls dSls vis{kk dj ldrs gSa fd og
yksx Fks] dks Hkzfer dj lqfo/kkvksa ij viuk dCtk dk;e j[kkA bZekunkjh ls viuk dke djsxk\ ,slk O;fDr lkjh ftanxh tksM+ rksM+ esa
vly esa eksnh] bZjkuh ;k f=ikBh bl ns'k esa ml Js.kh ds yksx gSa gh yxk jgsxk Bhd mlh rjg tSls mlus ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dhA os NksVs jkLrs
ftUgksaus viuh f'k{kk dks dHkh xEHkhjrk ls ugha fy;k D;ksafd mUgsa ;g iwjk [kkstsaxs] dkepksjh djsaxs] Hkz"Vkpkj dks c<+kok nsaxs ftldk dqy feyk dj
Hkjkslk Fkk fd os ;su&dsu&izdkjs.k viuh fMxzh gkfly dj ysaxs vkSj fQj ifj.kke gksxk vdk;Zdq'kyrkA vkt ;g gekjk nqHkkZX; gS fd dqN ,sls
vuSfrd rjhds viuk dj mlls feyus okyh lqfo/kk,a Hkh gkfly dj yksx 'kh"kZ ij igqap bl ns'k dk lapkyu dj jgs gSaA
ysaxsA
iSlk nsdj udy dj ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dh tk ldrh gS] dksbZ nwljk
ijh{kk nsus ds fy, Hkh cSBk;k tk ldrk gS vkSj lh/ks iSlk nsdj fMxzh
[kjhnh Hkh tk ldrh gSA mRrj izns'k esa #i, ikap gtkj nsdj lkewfgd
udy dj cksMZ dh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dh tk ldrh gSA ;fn dksbZ viuh
ijh{kk [kqn bZekunkjh ls nsuk pkgs rks Hkh iSlk u nsus dk fodYi ugha gSA
nksxq.kk iSlk nsdj viuh txg fdlh nwljs dks ijh{kk nsus ds fy, cSBk;k
tk ldrk gSA nqHkkZX; ls ,sls yksxksa dk izfr'kr cgqla[;d gSA fdax tktZ
esfMdy fo'ofo|ky;] y[kuÅ o Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh
fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk= cM+h jde ysdj nwljksa ds fy, izos'k ijh{kk,a
nsrs idM+s x, gSaA yksx ;g loky rks t:j iwNrs gSa fd D;k vki ,d
vkj{k.k ds ek/;e ls cus fpfdRld ls 'kY; fpfdRlk djk,axs fdarq dksbZ
;g ugha iwNrk fd D;k vki udy dj cus fpfdRld ls bykt djk,axs\
,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd udy dh O;oLFkk ds izfr ,d lkft'ku pqIih gS
D;ksafd 'kkld oxZ ds [kqn ds cPpksa dk Hkfo"; ;gka nkao ij gSA ;ksX;rk
dk loky yksx ogka ugha mBkrs tc cM+h jde nsdj cPpksa dks futh
fpfdRlk] vfHk;kaf=dh ;k izca/ku laLFkkuksa esa nkf[kyk fnyk;k tkrk gS tks
(59) (60)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
14- x, gSaA ch-lh-lh-vkbZ- ds dqN fiz; jkT; gSa tSls xqtkjr o xksok ftudks
og dkQh T;knk iSlk nsrh gS vkSj fcgkj tSls jkT; dks dqN ugha fn;k
fØdsV ls dSls r; gks ldrh gS ns'kHkfDr\ tkrkA blesa dksbZ vk'p;Z ugha fd ch-lh-lh-vkbZ- dh Vhe esa ,d Hkh
fcgkjh ugha gSA rks fQj ch-lh-lh-vkbZ- ns'k dk izfrfuf/kRo djus dk nkok
dSls dj ldrh gS\ dYiuk dhft, fd ch-lh-lh-vkbZ- tSlh dqN laLFkk,a
gky gh esa lEiUu Vh&20 fdzdsV izfr;ksfxrk esa osLV baMht ds
vkSj [kM+h gks tk,a vkSj os Hkh viuh&viuh Vhesa cuk ysaA fQj ge fdl
gkFk Hkkjr dh gkj ds ckn jk"Vªh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] Jhuxj esa dqN
Vhe dks jk"Vªh; Vhe ekusaxs\
d'ehjh ,oa xSj&d'ehjh Nk=ksa ds chp fookn [kM+k gqvkA d'ehjh Nk=ksa
ds Åij vkjksi gS fd mUgksaus Hkkjr dh gkj ds ckn Hkkjr fojks/kh ukjs nksuksa gh rjQ ds Nk=ksa us pkgs mUgksaus Hkkjr ds i{k esa ;k Hkkjr
yxk, o iVk[ks QksM+sA xSj&d'ehjh Nk=ksa ij vkjksi gS fd *Hkkjr ekrk fojks/kh ukjs yxk, gksa vius ilanhnk jk"Vªokn ds izfr viuh Hkkouk dk
dh t;* dk ukjk yxkrs gq, ,d Nk= lewg us vxys fnu 'kqdzokj dks btgkj ,d fdzdsV ds [ksy ds ifj.kke ds vk/kkj ij dj vifjiDork
uekt i<+dj ykSV jgs d'ehjh Nk=ksa ij geyk cksykA iqfyl us Nk=ksa dks fn[kkbZ gSA ;g vkSj Hkh rkTtqc dh ckr gS jk"Vªh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku]
fu;af=r djus ds fy, tks ykBh pktZ fd;k mlesa dqN xSj&d'ehjh Nk= Jhuxj esa ikfdLrku ds leFkZu ;k fojks/k esa Hkh ukjs yxk, x, tcfd
?kk;y gq, ftlds ckn ifjlj ij iqfyl dh txg dsUnzh; lqjf{kr bl [ksy fo'ks"k esa ikfdLrku [ksy gh ugha jgk FkkA ;g n'kkZrk gS fd
iqfyl cy us yh tks vly esa ,d v)Z lSfud cy gSA jk"Vªh; izkS|ksfxdh mRrstd ukjs yxkus dh izfdz;k esa ge dSls viuh Hkkoukvksa esa cg tkrs
laLFkku can gks x;k ,oa Nk=ksa dks Nk=kokl [kkyh djus dks dgk x;kA gSaA ns'k ds vanj blls T;knk ?kksj jk"Vªfojks/kh xfrfof/k;ka py jgh gSa]
tSls Hkz"Vkpkj] ftlds ckjs esa gesa fpafrr gksuk pkfg,A blh rjg ns'k esa
tc ls jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k lefFkZr Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh
dkQh vPNk dke Hkh gks jgk gS ftls ysdj gesa xoZ gks ldrk gSA ;g
ljdkj cuh gS ,d vkSj vdknfed ifjlj dh 'kkafr Hkax gks xbZA ;g
nq[kn gS fd ge vlyh tehuh eqn~nksa dks NksM+ fdzdsV ds [ksy ds ifj.kke
n;uh; fLFkfr gS fd yksx fdzdsV dh Vheksa ds lkFk vius&vius jk"Vªokn
ds vk/kkj ij viuh Hkkoukvksa esa cg ,slh ukjsckth djrs gSa tks fgalk rd
dks tksM+rs gSa vkSj fQj gkj&thr ij ,d nwljs ls yM+us dks rS;kj gks
pyh tkrh gSA 'kk;n ljdkj Hkh ;gh pkgrh gS fd gekjk /;ku vlyh
tkrs gSaA Hkkjh Hkjde uke okyk cksMZ vkWQ daVªksy QkWj fdzdsV bu bafM;k
eqn~nksa] tSls [kkus&ihus dh phtksa ds c<+rs nke] ls gVdj jk"Vªokn tSls
[kqn vius vki dks ,d futh laLFkk ekurk gSA fQj bl cksMZ }kjk xfBr
HkkoukRed eqn~ns esa my>k jgsA
Vhe jk"Vªh; Vhe dSls gks ldrh gS\ loksZPp U;k;ky; us gky gh esa ch-
lh-lh-vkbZ- dh euekuh dk;Z'kSyh o yks/kk lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa dks u gykafd bf.M;u izhfe;j yhx us dqN gn rd fdzdsV Vheksa vkSj
ekuus ds fy, QVdkj yxkbZ gSA ch-lh-lh-vkbZ- egkys[kk fu;a=d ds jk"Vªokn dk foPNsn fd;k gS D;ksafd fHkUu jk"Vªh;rkvksa ds f[kykM+h ,d gh
,d izfrfuf/k dks viuh lapkyu lfefr esa crkSj lnL; j[kus dks rS;kj Vhe esa [ksyus yxs gSaA fdarq bf.M;u izhfe;j yhx esa f[kykfM+;ksa dh
ugha rks bldk vFkZ rks ;gh fudyrk gS fd os vius vki dks turk ds [kjhn&fcdzh ls ;g Hkh lkQ gks x;k fd ;s f[kykM+h flQZ iSls ds fy, gh
izfr tokcnsg ugha ekurs gSa] ftl turk ds iSls ls brus ekykeky gks [ksyrs gSaA tks Vhe mUgsa T;knk iSls ns ns os mlds fy, [ksyus dks rS;kj gks
tk,axsA blh rjg tc os jk"Vªh; Vheksa ds fy, [ksyrs gSa rks Hkh iSls ds fy,
(61) (62)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
gh [ksyrs gSaA D;k ge dYiuk dj ldrs gSa fd dksbZ f[kykM+h fcuk iSlk fy, ihus ds ikuh dk bLrseky ugha fd;k tkrk gSA vkbZ-ih-,y- ds bl
fy, flQZ jk"Vªokn dh Hkkouk ls viuh jk"Vªh; Vhe ds fy, [ksys\ ;fn l= esa egkjk"Vª dh fipksa ds j[k&j[kko ds fy, 60 yk[k yhVj ikuh
f[kykfM+;ksa esa jk"Vªokn dh Hkkouk gksrh rks os iSls ysdj dHkh eSp fQfDlax yxkA vuqjkx Bkdqj tSls yksxksa dks ;g le> ugha gS fd iSlk
ugha djrs vkSj viuh jk"Vªh; Vhe dks tkucw> dj ugha gjkrsA [kkuk&ikuh dk fodYi ugha gks ldrkA ;fn ihus ;ksX; ikuh gh ugha
tcfd fdzdsV dk [ksy o mldk izca/ku bruk O;olkf;d gks cpsxk rks iSls ls dSls dksbZ viuh I;kl cq>k,xk\ fnu izfr fnu ikuh dk
x;k gS] fdzdsV Vheksa dks jk"Vªokn ls tksM+dj ns[kus dk dksbZ vkSfpR; gS ladV vkSj xgjk gksrk tk jgk gSA gesa rks ihus ds ;ksX; ugha ikuh dks Hkh
D;k\ cfYd O;olkf;d fgr gekjh jk"Vªokn dh Hkkouk dk nksgu djrs cpkuk gS ftlls nwljs t:jh dke tSls flapkbZ] 'kkSpky;ksa esa lQkbZ]
gSaA ;fn ge ekurs gSa fd [ksy] [ksy dh Hkkouk ls [ksyk tkuk pkfg, rks Luku] diM+k /kksuk] vkfn fd, tk ldsaA
gesa vPNk [ksyus okyh Vhe dh rkjhQ djuh pkfg, pkgs mldh jk"Vªh;rk
dqN Hkh gksA ,d ckj v#a/krh jkW; ls fdlh varjkZ"Vªh; izfrLi/kkZ ls igys
Hkkjrh; Vhe dks viuk 'kqHkdkeuk lans'k nsus dks dgk x;k rks mUgksaus ;g
dg dj lcdks vk'p;Z esa Mky fn;k fd mudh ilannhnk Vhe rks Jh
yadk dh gSA vkf[kj gjsd Hkkjrh; ls ;g vis{kk D;ksa dh tkrh gS fd og
fdlh [ksy esa Hkkjr dh gh Vhe dk leFkZu djs vkSj blls Hkh fofp= ckr
;g gS fd blh ls gekjh jk"Vªokn ds fy, izfrc)rk dSls vkadh tk ldrh
gS\
eqEcbZ mPp U;k;ky; us egkjk"Vª ds fdzdsV la?kksa dks bl ckr ds
fy, QVdkj yxkbZ gS fd tc ,d rjQ egkjk"Vª esa lw[kk iM+k gks rks
fdzdsV dh fipksa ds j[k&j[kko ds fy, yk[kksa yhVj ikuh cjckn fd;k
tk jgk gSA balku vkSj eos'kh ikuh ds vHkko esa ej jgs gSaA orZeku esa py
jgh jk"Vªokn dh cgl esa ;g loky iwNk tkuk pkfg, fdzdsV [ksyuk
jk"Vªoknh dk;Z gS vFkok yksxksa vkSj eosf'k;ksa dks cpkukA
Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds usrk vuqjkx Bkdqj us dgk gS fd vkbZ-ih-
,y- ;fn egkjk"Vª ls ckgj tkrk gS rks izns'k ljdkj dks #- 100 djksM+
dk uqdlku gksxkA mldk dguk gS fd bruh cM+h jde ls lw[ks dh
fLFkfr ls fuiVk tk ldrk gS vkSj izHkkfor yksxksa dks jkgr igaqpkbZ tk
ldrh gSA fdzdsV la?k vkSj ljdkj ;g dg jgh gS fd fdzdsV dh fipksa ds

(63) (64)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
nh xbZ fd lkekU; oxZ ds Nk=ksa ds fy, miyC/k lhVksa dh la[;k T;ksa dh
15- R;ksa jgh vkSj vU; fiNM+k oxZ gsrq 27 izfr'kr vkj{k.k Hkh ykxw gks x;kA
nfyr vfLerk ds fy, la?k"kZ bldk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd d{kkvksa esa Nk=&Nk=kvksa dh la[;k vpkud
nksxquh gks xbZA xkSj djus dh ckr ;g gS fd blls vuqlwfpr tkfr o
gky gh esa y[kuÅ ds ckcklkgsc Hkhejko vEcsMdj vuqlwfpr tutkfr ds Nk=ksa dks Hkh Qk;nk gqvk D;ksafd dqy lhVsa c<+us
fo'ofo|ky; esa nks fookn [kM+s gq, ftuds dsUnz esa nfyr vfLerk dk ls izfr'kr ds fglkc ls muds fgLls dh lhVsa Hkh c<+ xbZaA
loky gSA
blesa dksbZ nks jk; ugha gS fd vuqlwfpr tkfr o vuqlwfpr
igyk] fo'ofo|ky; ds dqN vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds Nk=ksa ,oa tutkfr ds yksxksa dh lkekftd&jktuhfrd fLFkfr T;knkrj vU;
f'k{kdksa us mPp U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk nk;j dj bl fo'ofo|ky; ds fy, fiNM+k oxZ ds yksxksa dh rqyuk esa detksj gSA vkt Hkh fgUnqLrku esa
vuqlwfpr tkfr ,oa vuqlwfpr tutkfr ds Nk=ksa ds fy, nkf[kys ds oDr vf/kdka'k xjhc nfyr gh gS vkSj vf/kdka'k nfyr xjhc gSA blfy, muds
50 izfr'kr vkj{k.k ds fo'ks"k izko/kku dks pqukSrh nh gS vkSj e.My vkj{k.k dks de djus dh ckr muds fy, ,d [krjs dh ?kaVh gksrh gSA gesa
vk;ksx dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuqlkj vius fy, 27 izfr'kr vkj{k.k dh ekax 'kk;n dqN laLFkku ,sls Hkh [kksyus iM+sa tks 100 izfr'kr nfyr Nk=ksa ds
dh gSA nfyr ,oa fiNM+k oxZ ds Nk=ksa ds chp la?k"kZ 22 tuojh] 2016 ls fy, gksaA mnkgj.k ds fy, futh {ks= esa Hkqous'oj esa dfyax lkekftd
T;knk rst gks x;k gS tc dqN nfyr Nk=ksa us ifjlj ij iz/kku ea=h dh foKku laLFkku esa vksMhlk ds lHkh ftyksa ls vk, chfl;ksa gtkj flQZ
mifLFkfr ds nkSjku muds f[kykQ ukjs yxk,A vc ;g ,d bRrsQkd gS vkfnoklh cPpksa dks izkFkfed ls ysdj LukrdksRrj rd dh f'k{kk nh
fd ujsUnz eksnh vU; fiNM+k oxZ ls gSaA blfy, ;g fookn jktuhfrd tkrh gSSA
dkj.kksa ls [kM+k fd;k T;knk fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA vk'p;Z dk fo"k; gS fd
nwljk fookn fdldks jk"Vªfirk dgk tk, dks ysdj gSA
laln }kjk ikfjr vf/kfu;e ds f[kykQ dqN deZpkjh ;kfpdkdrkZ cu
ckcklkgsc Hkhejko vEcsMdj fo'ofo|ky; ds fl)kFkZ Nk=kokl ds dqN
x, gSa ftuesa fooknkLin HkwriwoZ izkWDVj dey tk;loky Hkh 'kkfey gSaA
Nk=ksa us lekt lq/kkjd egkRek T;ksfrck Qwys dks jk"Vªfirk dh inoh nh
vkerkSj ij tc rd ljdkjh deZpkjh dks dgha ls jktuhfrd laj{k.k
gSA tcfd vU; fiNM+k oxZ o lkekU; oxZ ds Nk=ksa us bls pqukSrh nsrs gq,
izkIr u gks og viuh ukSdjh nkao ij ugha yxkrkA
dgk gS fd jk"Vªfirk dk ntkZ rks flQZ egkRek xka/kh dks gh fn;k x;k gSA
nfyr Nk=ksa us Bhd gh bl dne ds f[kykQ fojks/k izn'kZu
nksuksa egkRek i`Fkd dky vof/k esa vyx&vyx Hkwfedkvksa esa
fd;k gS D;ksafd bldk mn~ns'; mudks nkf[kys esa vk/kh lhVksa ij feyus
lfdz; jgsA Qwys us efgykvksa o nfyrksa dh f'k{kk ds fy, fo'ks"k dke
okys vkj{k.k ds ykHk dks de djuk gSA
fd;k rks xka/kh dh eq[; Hkwfedk Hkkjr dks vaxzstksa ls eqDr djkus dh FkhA
bl fookn dk ,d gy ml rjg ls fudkyk tk ldrk gS ftl pwafd xka/kh Lora=rk ds lcls cM+s uk;d ds :i esa mHkjs vkSj mudh
rjg dsUnzh; ljdkj us Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxd laLFkkuksa esa vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds yksdfiz;rk Hkh O;kid Fkh ;g LokHkkfod Fkk fd vktknh ds le; mUgsa
27 izfr'kr vkj{k.k dks ykxw djrs le; fudkyk FkkA lkekU; oxZ ds jk"Vªfirk dgk x;k] mlh rjg tSls ikfdLrku esa eksgEen vyh ftUuk dks
Nk=ksa ds fojks/k ds ckn nkf[kys esa dqy lhVksa dh la[;k bl rjg ls c<+k jk"Vªfirk dk ntkZ fn;k x;kA
(65) (66)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:36 PM
Hkkjr tSls fofo/krkiw.kZ ns'k esa fLFkfr ij iqufoZpkj t:j fd;k bl ns'k esa dke djus ds fy, eqn~nksa dh dksbZ deh ugha gSA Qwys
tkuk pkfg, D;ksafd vc cgqr ls gkf'k, ij jgs leqnk; vius vf/kdkjksa vkSj xka/kh nksuksa gh lekt ds lcls detksj rcdksa ds fy, dke djus ds
dks trk jgs gSa] tks vktknh ds oDr eq[kj ugha FksA blfy, fofHkUu i{k/kj FksA bl nksuksa egkiq#"kksa esa dbZ lekurk,a gSa tks 'kk;n muds
leqnk;ksa dks vius&vius jk"Vªfirk pquus dh Lora=rk feyuh pkfg,A vuq;k;h u ekusaA pkgs ge Qwys dks ekuus okys gksa vFkok xka/kh ds] gesa
bldk rkRi;Z gS fd Hkkjr esa jk"Vª ds vanj dbZ jk"Vª gSa ftu lcds fgrksa esa nfyr vkSj gkf'k, ij jgus okys yksxksa dh f'k{kk vkSj l'kfDrdj.k ds
leUo; ugha gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, MkW- vEcsMdj ds vanj Lora=rk dke esa yx tkuk pkfg, rkfd ge ,d lerkewyd lekt cuk ldsa
vkanksyu ds izfr [kkl mRlkg ugha Fkk D;ksafd mUgsa bl ckr dk Hkjkslk ftlesa lHkh ds ekuokf/kdkj lqjf{kr gksaA vEcsMdj ds eqrkfcd vHkh
ugha Fkk fd vaxzstks ls vktknh ds ckn Hkkjrh; lekt esa nfyr mRihM+u lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd yksdra= LFkkfir fd;s tkus dk dke ckdh gSA
can gks tk,xkA mUgksaus Bhd gh vanktk yxk;k Fkk fd vktknh ds ckn Hkh xka/kh dh rkcht Hkh mi;ksxh gSA tc Hkh fdlh pht dks ysdj gekjs eu esa
tkfr izFkk ds rgr nfyrksa ds lkFk HksnHkko pyrk jgsxkA ;fn Hkkjr esa lansg [kM+k gks rks gesa ;g ns[kuk pkfg, fd tks ge djus tk jgs gSa mlls
vkj{k.k dh uhfr ykxw ugha gqbZ gksrh rks vkt Hkh vf/kdka'k nfyr] lekt ds lcls detksj O;fDr dk fgr dSls gksxk\
vkfnoklh] fiNM+k oxZ ds yksx o efgyk,a ns'k esa nks;e] r`rh; vFkok
pkSFks ntsZ ds ukxfjd gksrsA ,d yksdra= gksus ds ckotwn ge lerkiw.kZ
lekt ugha gSa D;ksafd vkt Hkh fyax] tkfr] oxZ o /keZ ds vk/kkj ij
HksnHkko tkjh gSA
fdarq xka/kh o Qwys esa dksbZ izfrLi/kkZ ugha gSA xka/kh us rks uk;d
gksrs gq, Hkh ns'k dh vktknh dk Js; ugha fy;k D;ksafd tc 14&15
vxLr] 1947] dh e/;jkf= esa ekmaVcsVu o usg: vktknh ds t'u ds
dk;Zdze dk laiknu dj jgs Fks rks xka/kh uksvk[kkyh] tks vc caXykns'k esa
gS] esa lkEiznkf;d naxksa dks jksdus gsrq miokl dj jgs FksA ;fn xka/kh dks
irk pyrk fd jk"Vªfirk ds in dks ysdj dksbZ fookn [kM+k gqvk gS rks os
'kk;n viuk nkok [kqn okil ys ysrsA
vr% nfyrksa dks iwjk vf/kdkj gS fd egkRek Qwys dks jk"Vªfirk ds
in ls uoktsa ftl rjg 'kk;n vkfnoklh fcjlk eq.Mk dks viuk
jk"Vªfirk ekuuk pkgsaxsA gjsd leqnk; viuk jk"Vªfirk pquus dks Lora=
gS vkSj blesa dksbZ izfrLi/kkZ ;k viuk nkok j[kus okyh ckr ugha gksuh
pkfg,A

(67) (68)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
20 ebZ] 2016 dks ctjax ny ;k jke lsus dh dk;Zokgh dh rjg
16-
mUgksaus ,d uotoku yM+ds o uo;qorh tks lkFk esa pyrs gq, #b;k
,d vkSj ifjlj mcky ij Nk=kokl ds lkeus ls xqtj jgs Fks dks viuh xkM+h jksd dj cSBk fy;k
vkSj muds ekrk firk dks cqyok;kA vPNk rks ;g gksrk fd os ,sls izksQsljksa
esa ls fdlh dks viuh xkM+h esa cSBkrs tks fo'ofo|ky; ls eksVh ru[okg
Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds 'kklu dky esa jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k us
ysrs gSa ysfdu i<+kus dk dke ugha djrsA lwpuk ds vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e ds
fo'ofo|ky; ifjljksa dks viuh fopkj/kkjk Fkksius gsrq fu'kkuk cuk;k gS]
rgr ekaxs x, tokc esa bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds vFkZ'kkL= foHkkx]
ftuesa ls T;knkrj txgksa ij mls fonzksg dk Hkh lkeuk djuk iM+ jgk
tgka fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh igys v/;kiu dk;Z djrs Fks] us crk;k gS fd
gSA bl izfdz;k esa mlus Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] enzkl] Hkkjrh;
muds ikl dksbZ tkudkjh ugha fd fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh us D;k 'kks/k dh]
fQYe o Vsyhfot+u baLVhV~;wV] iq.ks] gSnjkckn dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky;]
muds dksbZ 'kks/k i= Nis ;k ugha] fdu Nk=ksa us muds lkFk 'kks/k fd;k]
tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky;] ckcklkgc Hkhejko vEcsMdj
vkfnA os viuk le; f'k{kd la?k dh jktuhfr esa yxkrs FksA
fo'ofo|ky;] y[kuÅ] tk/koiqj fo'ofo|ky;] bykgkckn
fo'ofo|ky;] jk"Vªh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] Jhuxj] vkfn ds ifjljksa dk le; ds lkFk dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dk ekgkSy mnkj cuk gS]
i<+us fy[kus dk ekgkSy [kjkc dj fn;k gSA vc okjk.klh ds dk'kh fgUnw Nk=&Nk=k,a nsj 'kke rd ,d nwljs ls fey tqy ldrs gSaA ctk, blds
fo'ofo|ky; dh ckjh gSA fd yM+ds yM+fd;ksa ds chp LoLFk fj'rs cusa] os ftEesnkj p;u dh izfdz;k
lh[ksa] dqyifr uSfrd iqfyl cudj ifjlj esa mnkj ekgkSy cukus dh
HkwriwoZ dqyifr izksQslj ykyth flag }kjk 24 ?kaVs lkbcj
fn'kk esa tks izxfr gqbZ gS mls ihNs ys tk,axsA iqLrdky; dh rjg os
iqLrdky; [kksyus ds fu.kZ; dks okil ysus ds f[kykQ 12 Nk= vu'ku
yM+fd;ksa ds Nk=kokl ls ckgj jgus ds le; ij Hkh vadq'k yxk,axsA ;gka
ij cSBsA orZeku dqyifr tks viuh vdknfed fojks/kh ekufldrk ds
;g crkuk t:jh gS fd ;g ekudj fd Nk=&Nk=k,a ftEesnkj ukxfjd
fy, tkus tkrs gSa us iqLrdky; dks 24 ?kaVs [kksyus dk fu.kZ; okil fy;k
ds :i esa lEeku ds ik= gSa dqN Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkkuksa] tSls
D;ksafd mudk ekuuk gS fd jkr esa Nk= v'yhy phtsa ns[krs gSaA os ;g
xka/khuxj] esa 24 ?kaVs yM+fd;ksa ds Nk=kokl ij Hkh dksbZ izfrca/k ugha
yxkrkj dgrs jgs gSa fd tks Nk= fod`r ekufldrk ds gSa ogh 24 ?kaVs
gSA
lkbcj iqLrdky; pkgrs gSaA ;g dg dj mUgksaus iwjh nqfu;k ds lkjs
fo}kuksa] tks nsj jkr ;k dbZ ckj lqcg rd vius dk;kZy;ksa esa dke djrs 'kks/k djus okys Nk=ksa ds fy, baVjusV dk D;k egRo gS bls
gSa] dks uSfrd lansg ds nk;js esa [kM+k dj fn;k gSA os ,d mPp f'k{k.k crkus dh t:jr ugha gSA dbZ yksx] [kkldj Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku
laLFkku ds izeq[k dh txg ,d gkbZ Ldwy ds iz/kkuk/;kid dh rjg ds ifjljksa ij nsj jkr dke djuk ilan djrs gSaA ;g vk'p;Z dk fo"k; gS
O;ogkj dj jgs gSaA pwafd muds fnekx ij jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds fd ,d dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; dk dqyifr 24 ?kaVs baVjusV dh lqfo/kk ls
izfrfdz;koknh fopkj gh gkoh gSa mUgsa bl ckr dk vanktk Hkh ugha fd oafpr j[kus ds fy, bl fdLe dk cpdkuk rdZ ns jgk gSA pwafd fxjh'k
varjkZ"Vªh; Lrj ds laLFkkuksa esa cqf)thoh leqnk; }kjk fdl fdLe ds pUnz f=ikBh us dHkh 'kks/k dk;Z fd;k gh ugha mUgsa baVjusV dh mi;ksfxrk
izxfr'khy fopkjksa dk iks"k.k gksrk gSA dk vanktk Hkh ugha gSA
(69) (70)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
12 Nk= iqLrdky; ds ckgj vu'ku ij 18 ebZ] 2016 ls cSBs gq, dks vLFkkbZ :i ls nckus esa lQy jgs gSaA fdarq mUgsa ekywe gksuk pkfg,
FksA buesa ls ukS & fodkl flag] fiz;s'k ik.Ms;] vuqie dqekj] nhid flag] fd ifjlj leqnk; dh oS/k ekaxksa dks T;knk nsj nck;k ugha tk ldrkA
'kkaruq flag] jks'ku ik.Ms;] xkSjo iqjksfgr] vkdk'k ik.Ms;] vfouk'k vks>k ;fn os nckus dh dksf'k'k djsaxs rks mldh tcjnLr izfrfdz;k gksxhA
& ftlesa ls fodkl jktuhfr foKku esa 'kks/k Nk= gSa 'ks"k ch-,- f}rh; ;k ¼ckn esa bu dqyifr egksn; dks Nk=kvksa ds ,d izn'kZu ij ykBh pktZ
r`rh; o"kZ ds Nk= gSa] dks dqyifr us 24 ebZ dks fuyfEcr dj fn;k vkSj djkus ds dkj.k NqV~Vh ij Hkst dj varr% gVk fn;k x;k vkSj bl rjg
25 ebZ dks vke vkneh ikVhZ ds dk;ZdrkZvksa }kjk fojks/k izn'kZu ij fo'ofo|ky; dks muds nfd;kuwlh fopkjksa ls vktknh feyhA½
iqfyl ds ykBh pktZ gksus o vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kkFkhZ ifj"kn }kjk muds
Åij geys ds ckn lqj{kkdfeZ;ksa }kjk mUgsa tcjnLrh ifjlj ls ckgj dj
fn;k x;kA ;g jkspd rF; gS fd tcfd T;knkrj Nk= o Nk= laxBu
iqLrdky; dks 24 ?kaVs [kqyk j[kuk pkgrs gSa] vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ
ifj"kn us bl vkanksyu ls nwjh cuk, j[kh gSA ;g muds izsjd laxBu
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh cqf) fojks/kh o Lora= fparu fojks/kh
ekufldrk dk |ksrd gSA oSls la?k ifjokj ls tqM+s laxBu tks fQygky
viuh ljdkj gksus ds dkj.k vfr lfdz; gSa lqfo/kktud <ax ls
'kklu@lRrk ds vuqdwy viuh Hkwfedk,a cnyus ds fy, e'kgwj gSaA
bldk ,d mnkgj.k ujsUnz eksnh }kjk [kqydj fons'kh iwath fuos'k o
fons'kh dEifu;ksa dks c<+kok nsus dh uhfr;ksa ds ckotwn Lons'kh tkxj.k
eap dk ekSu gks tkuk gSA la?k ifjokj ls tqM+s laxBu ujsUnz eksnh }kjk
Hkwfe vf/kxzg.k vf/kfu;e esa la'kks/ku ds iz;kl tks fdlku fojks/kh gSa
vFkok fdlkuksa dh vkRegR;k ij Hkh ekSu gSa pwafd bu fo"k;ksa ij cksyuk
ljdkj ds fy, vlqfo/kktud gks tk,xkA
tc Nk= vu'ku ij Fks rks muds leFkZu esa 300 nSfud etnwj
Hkh ifjlj esa gh fLFkr fo'oukFk eafnj ij /kjus ij cSBsA os vius dke ds
lanHkZ esa csgrj lsokvksa dh ekax dj jgs FksA fiNys o"kZ fo'ofo|ky; us 40
deZpkfj;ksa dks fudky fn;k Fkk fdarq fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; xsV ij Hkkjh
fojks/k izn'kZu] ftlesa O;kid lekt dk Hkh leFkZu feyk] ds ckn mudh
cgkyh gks xbZA
fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr fQygky Nk=ksa o etnwjksa ds vkanksyu
(71) (72)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
fojks/k dh vkokt dks neu ls dqpyus esa fo'okl j[krh gSaA
17-
blesa dksbZ vk'p;Z dh ckr ugha gksuh pkfg, D;ksafd jk"Vªh;
la?k ifjokj dh jktuhfr esa fgalk ds cht Lo;alsod la?k] Hkktik] vkfn] fgUnqRo ifjokj ds laxBuksa us ges'kk vius
dks c<+kus ds fy, fgalk dk bLrseky fd;k gSA 1948 esa egkRek xka/kh dh
iz/kku ea=h ujsUnz eksnh dk tUefnu euk;k x;k ueZnk unh ij gR;k budk lcls t?kU; d`R; jgk gS ftls vkt Hkh la?k ifjokj ds
cuus okys ljnkj ljksoj cka/k dks jk"Vª ds uke lefiZr djdsA bl cka/k lnL; tk;t Bgjkrs gSaA yky d`".k vkMok.kh dh jFk;k=k ftldh
ds Mwc {ks= esa 244 xkao o ,d uxj vkrk gSA cka/k dh ykxr djhc ,d ifj.kfr 1992 esa ckcjh efLtn /oal esa gqbZ ls bl ns'k esa vkradoknh
yk[k djksM+ #i, igqap jgh gSA #- 1]500 djksM+ dk vuqekfur Hkz"Vkpkj ?kVukvksa dk flyflyk 'kq: gqvkA igyh vkradoknh ?kVuk eqEcbZ
rks flQZ iquokZl dh izfd;k esa gh gqvk gSA e/; izns'k esa iquokZl lEcaf/kr Ja[kykc) ce /kekds 1993 esa gq,A bl ?kVuk ds fy, yksxksa dks
Hkz"Vkpkj dh tkap gsrq U;k;ewfrZ ,l-,l- >k vk;ksx dk xBu gqvk U;k;ky; ls ltk fey pqdh gS ysfdu ftl ?kVuk ds dkj.k] ;kuh ckcjh
ftldh vk[;k vkt rd lkoZtfud djus dh fgEer ljdkj ugha tqVk efLtn /oal] eqEcbZ ce /kekds gq, mlesa vkt rd fdlh dks ltk ugha
ik jgh gSA gqbZA gykafd 1974 esa bafnjk xka/kh ukfHkdh; ijh{k.k dj pqdh Fkha fdarq
ukfHkdh; 'kL= cukdj ikfdLrku ds lkFk ukfHkdh; 'kL=ksa dh gksM+
ujsUnz eksnh ds tUefnu ds volj ij Lywl xsV can djus ls
vVy fcgkjh oktis;h ljdkj }kjk 1998 ds ijh{k.k ds ckn 'kq: gqbZA
djhc 40]000 ifjokj vpkud Mwc esa vk x,A r; rks ;g Fkk fd fdlh
Hkktik dh fons'k uhfr ls iM+kslh ns'kksa ds lkFk lEca/k [kjkc gh gq, gSaA
dh tehu Mwcus ls Ng ekg iwoZ gh mldk iquokZl dj fn;k tk,xkA
2002 esa xqtjkr dh fgalk rks ujsUnz eksnh ds eq[; ea=h jgrs gq, gqbZ
fdarq mi;qZDr 40]000 ifjokjksa dh iquokZl izfdz;k iwjh fd, fcuk muds
ftlesa ,d gtkj ds Åij yksx ekjs x,A ujsUnz eksnh ds jk"Vªh; Lrj ij
?kjksa esa ikuh Hkj dj ,d rjhds ls pwgksa dh rjg mUgsa viuk ?kj NksM+us ds
mHkjus ds ckn xkSgR;k ds vkjksi esa eksgEen v[kykd] igyw [kku tSls
fy, etcwj fd;k tk jgk gSA ;g tcjnLrh yksxksa ds lkFk ,d izdkj dh
chl ls Åij yksx lkoZtfud fgalk esa ekjs tk pqds gSaA rdZoknh ;k
fgalk gSA ;kuh ujsUnz eksnh dk tUefnu 40]000 ifjokjksa ij fgalk dj
oSKkfud lksp dks ekuus okys ys[kdksa ;k cqf)thfo;ksa ujsUnz nkHkksydj]
euk;k x;kA
xksfoan ialkjs] ,e-,e- dycqxhZ vkSj xkSjh yads'k Hkh pqu pqu dj ekjs x,A
nwljh rjQ es/kk ikVdj 37 vU; Mwc izHkkfor xkao ds yksxksa dks vkSj rks vkSj jktLFkku esa rks [kqys esa 'kkSp dks ysdj dqN ljdkjh
ysdj NksVk cM+nk xkao esa ueZnk ds ikuh esa [kM+h jghaA blds igys os deZpkfj;ksa us tQj [kku uked O;fDr dks ihV ihV dj ekj MkykA
vu'ku ij cSBha rks muij ljdkjh lEifRr dks uqdlku igqapkus dk >wBk
;g LokHkkfod gh gS fd pwafd ujsUnz eksnh dk dn iz/kku ea=h
bytke yxk dj /kkj tsy esa can dj fn;k x;kA vkt rd es/kk ikVdj
cuus ds ckn cM+k gks x;k gS rks vkSj vkxs c<+us ds fy, vkSj cM+h fgalk
ls ckr djus ds fy, e/; izns'k ;k Hkkjr ljdkj ls dksbZ mPp Lrjh;
djuh iM+sxh tks mUgksaus ueZnk ?kkVh esa dhA vius gh ns'k ds ukxfjdksa dks
izfrfuf/k ugha vk;k gSA ;g bl ckr dk vPNk mnkgj.k gS fd Hkkjrh;
Hkwfeghu o cs?kj cuk fn;kA E;kaekj dh ljdkj rks jktuhfrd }s"k ds
turk ikVhZ dh ljdkjsa yksdra= esa fo'okl ugha djrh vkSj fdlh Hkh
dkj.k jksfgafx;k eqlyekuksa dks vius ;gka ls [knsM+ jgh gS ysfdu ueZnk
(73) (74)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
?kkVh ds mu 40]000 ifjokjksa dk D;k nks"k tks mUgsa muds ?kjksa esa ikuh 18-
?kqlk dj [knsM+k tk jgk gS\ D;k ;s Hkkjr ds ukxfjd ugha gSa vkSj D;k
'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa dks ihNs ys
budk lafo/kku iznRr thus dk ekSfyd vf/kdkj ugha gS\
la?k ifjokj ftl Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dh ckr djrh gS ftlesa R;kx tkus okyh ckrsa
dk LFkku cgqr Åapk gS rks es/kk ikVdj ls vPNk mldk dkSu izrhd gks 11 flrEcj] 1893 dks Lokeh foosdkuan us f'kdkxks esa vk;ksftr
ldrk gS\ ml es/kk ikVdj dk bruk frjLdkj fd ljdkj esa cSBk dksbZ fo'o /keZ lEesyu esa viuk izfl) Hkk"k.k fn;k FkkA Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ
O;fDr muls ckrphr dks Hkh r;kj ugha\ es/kk ikVdj dk uSfrd dn bl dh ljdkj us bl fnol dks eukus dk QSlyk fy;k vkSj iz/kku ea=h
ns'k ds T;knkrj rFkkdfFkr usrkvksa ls cM+k gSA pquko thr dj usrk ujsUnz eksnh us ;qokvksa dks lEcksf/kr fd;kA [kkl ckr ;g gS fd foosdkuan
cuuk T;knk vklku gS ysfdu turk ds la?k"kksaZ ls tqM+dj cuuk dfBu dk ewy uke ujsUnz ukFk nRr gS vkSj iz/kku ea=h o mudk igyk uke ,d
dk;Z gSA ;g ujsUnz eksnh dk vgadkj gks vFkok f'kojkt flag pkSgku dk gh gSA dqN ujsUnz eksnh ds leFkZdksa us bl volj dks *ujsUnz ls ujsUnz rd*
ueZnk ?kkVh dh ty lekf/k dk dyad rks la?k&Hkktik ij yxsxk ghA ;g ds :i esa eukus dk lq>ko fn;kA
fQj lkfcr gks x;k fd fgalk jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh fopkj/kkjk ds
fososdkuan us bl ns'k ds ;qokvksa dks yEcs le; ls izsj.kk nh gSA
ewy esa gSA
muds Hkk"k.k fopkjksRrstd gksrs FksA mUgksaus dgk fd *nqfu;k ds /keZ vius
ujsUnz eksnh us iz/kku ea=h in dk nq#i;ksx djrs gq, tks viuk ls ckgj ds bZ'oj dks u ekuus okyksa dks ukfLrd ekurs gS ysfdu osnkar
,d laosnughu] vkRe&dsfUnzr] fir`lRrkRed o lkearh lkspokyk vius dks u ekuus okys balku dks ukfLrd ekurk gSA viuh vkRek ds
O;fDrRo mtkxj fd;k gS og ueZnk cpkvks vkanksyu ds ,sfrgkfld xkSjo dks u ekuus okyk ukfLrd gksrk gSA* mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk fd *;fn
la?k"kZ ds lkeus cgqr ckSuk utj vkrk gSA mldh fodkl dh lksp fo'kq) vki elhgk ugha gSa rks bZ'oj ds ckjs esa dqN Hkh lR; ugha gSA---- geesa ls
:i ls HkkSfrdoknh gS ftlesa balku dh Hkkoukvksa dh dksbZ dnz ugha gSA gjsd dks elhgk cuuk iM+sxkA*
mldk ,dkaxh ikfjokfjd thou bl ckr dh iqf"V djrk gSA ;g Hkkjr
fdarq tc 11 flrEcj] 2017 ns'k ds fo'ofo|ky;ksa esa euk;k x;k
dk nqHkkZX; gS fd ns'k dh xkSjo'kkyh lEiUu ckSf)d o jktuhfrd
rks Nk=ksa ls dgk x;k fd mUgsa foosdkuan dk 1893 dk Hkk"k.k ;kn dj
ijEijk ds chp ,d ,slk O;fDr 'kh"kZ lRrk ij fojkteku gS ftldh lksp
eap ls lqukuk gSA dbZ Nk=ksa us Hkk"k.k jVus dh tger ugha mBkbZ rks
vR;ar ladh.kZ gSA og dHkh vius dks egkRek xka/kh rks dHkh ljnkj iVsy
vk;kstdksa dks dk;Zdze esa Nk=ksa dks ;g NwV nsuh iM+h fd ;fn os pkgsa rks
;k fQj foosdkuan ds led{k ns[kuk pkgrk gS ysfdu mldk {kqnz LokFkZ
dkxt ls ns[k dj i<+ ysaA gekjs 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa dk Lrj bruk [kjkc
mls gh ugha iwjs ns'k dks ys MwcsxkA
gks x;k gSA ;fn Lokeh fososdkuan bl izdkj dk dk;Zdze ns[krs rks 'kk;n
viuk ekFkk idM+ dj cSB tkrsA
Lokeh foosdkuan rks pkgrs Fks fd gjsd O;fDr ds vanj
vkRefo'okl iSnk gks vkSj og l'kDr cus fdarq gekjs 'kS{kf.kd laLFkku
(75) (76)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
ugha pkgrs fd gekjs fo|kFkhZ Lora= :i ls lkspus&le>us yk;d cusaA gksrkA* Hkktik ds 'kkludky esa vyxkookn] ladh.kZrkokn] dV~VjiaFk o
;fn Nk=ksa dks foosdkuan ds Hkk"k.k ds Åij viuh fVIi.kh djuh gksrh rks fgalk c<+h gSA la?k ifjokj ls tqM+s yksx dg ldrs gSa fd ;g fo'o Lrj ij
'kk;n os vius fnekx ij tksj Mky Hkk"k.k dh dqN leh{kk djrsA fdarq bLyke esa ,slh Hkkoukvksa vkSj ?kVukvksa ds mHkkj dh izfrfdz;k esa gqvk gSA
vk'p;Z dh ckr gS fd fo'ofo|ky; Lrj ij Nk=ksa ls jV dj nksgjkus dks fdarq loky ;g gS fd Lokeh foosdkuan vFkok egkRek xka/kh ds fopkjksa ds
dgk tk jgk gSA ;g rks iwjk fopkj gh foosdkuan dh l'kfDrdj.k dh vk/kkj ij D;k Hkkjr dh blls dksbZ vyx o csgrj izfrfdz;k ugha gks
lksp ds foijhr gSA Nk=ksa ds vanj vkRefo'okl dSls iSnk gksxk tc rd ldrh Fkh\
os vius fnekx dh fo'kys"k.kkRed {kerk dks fodflr djus ds ctk, la?k ifjokj ds tks yksx foosdkuan dks fgUnw jk"Vª dk dksbZ izrhd
flQZ Le`fr {kerk dks gh fodflr djsaxsA lkQ gS fd gekjs 'kkld Nk=ksa ekurs gSa mUgsa mudh ,d Hkkjrh; dh vo/kkj.kk lqu dj FkksM+k /kDdk
esa usr`Ro {kerk fodflr djus ds ctk, mUgsa fiNyXxw gh cuk, j[kuk t:j yxsxkA foosdkuan us dgk] *esjs vuqlkj ,d Hkkjrh; og gS ftlds
pkgrs gSaA ikl ,d osnkafrd cqf) gS tks xgjkbZ ls lksp ldrh gS vkSj Åapkb;ksa rd
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k] tks Hkktik dk oSpkfjd izsj.kklzksr gS] us tk ldrh gS] ,d cgknqj o thoar bLykfed 'kjhj gS] ,d d#.kk o n;k
dHkh fososdkuan dks xEHkhjrk ls ugha fy;kA vius f'kdkxks ds gh Hkk"k.k esa ls Hkjk ckS) ân; gS o lsok gsrq bZlkbZ gkFk o cfynku dh Hkkouk gSA*
foosdkuan us dgk fd *ge oSf'od lfg".kqrk dks gh ugha ekurs cfYd ;g Hkh fpark dk fo"k; gS fd Hkktik ds ofj"B usrk voSKkfud o
gjsd /keZ dks lR; ekurs gSaA eq>s xoZ gS fd eSa ,d ,sls jk"Vª ls vk;k gwa vrkfdZd ckrsa dj jgs gSaA 16 flrEcj dks y[kuÅ fLFkr lat; xka/kh
ftlus nqfu;k ds gjsd ihfM+r] gjsd /keZ o jk"Vª ls vk, 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa dks LukrdksRrj vk;qfoZKku laLFkku ds nh{kkar lekjksg esa cksyrs gq, mRrj
iukg nh gSA* fdarq Hkkjr ds x`g ea=h jktukFk flag us dgk gS fd E;kaukj izns'k ds eq[; ea=h ;ksxh vkfnR;ukFk us crk;k fd phu esa bl ckr ij
ls Hkxk, x, jksfgafXk;k eqlyeku 'kj.kkFkhZ ugha cfYd voS/k ?kqliSfB, gSa 'kks/k gks jgk gS fd Hkxoku x.ks'k dk flj muds firk Hkxoku f'ko }kjk
D;ksafd mUgksaus Hkkjr esa 'kj.k ysus ds fy, dksbZ vkosnu ugha tek fd;k dkV fy, tkus ds ckn dSls 'kY; fpfdRlk ls mldh txg ,d gkFkh dk
gSA ;fn jksfgafXk;k Hkkjr esa 'kj.k ds fy, dksbZ vkosnu Hkh tek djsa rks flj yxk;k x;kA mUgksaus Nk=ksa ,oa izksQsljksa ls dgk fd mUgsa vius
yxrk ugha Hkkjr ljdkj mUgsa 'kj.kkFkhZ ds :i esa Lohdkj djsxh\ /kkfeZd xzFkksa ds [ktkus esa ls 'kks/k dk;Z dh izsj.kk ysuh pkfg,A mnkgj.k
ljdkj ds ikl foosdkuan tSlk cM+k fny ugha gSA ujsUnz eksnh us Hkh gky ds fy, ;g irk yxk;k tkuk pkfg, fd jkek;.k esa y{e.k dks iquthZfor
esa viuh igyh E;kaekj ;k=k esa ogka dh fo'ofo[;kr usrk vkax lku lw djus okyh dkSu lh tM+h cwVh Fkh\ muds vuqlkj MkW- ,-ih-ts- vCnqy
dh ls jksfgafXk;k yksxksa ds fo"k; ij dksbZ ppkZ rd ugha dhA tkfgj gS dyke dks iz{ksikL=ksa ij dke djus dh izsj.kk egkHkkjr ls feyh FkhA ;ksxh
Hkkjr dk joS;k jksfgafXk;k yksxksa ds izfr laosnughu gh gSA vkfnR;ukFk xf.kr ds Lukrd gSA
foosdkuan us vius f'kdkxksa ds Hkk"k.k esa ;g Hkh dgk fd 20 flrEcj dks dsUnz ljdkj ds ekuo lalk/ku fodkl ea=h lR;
*vyxkookn o ladh.kZrkokn ls dV~VjiaFk dk tUe gksrk gS ftlls gksus iky flag us ubZ fnYyh esa vkf[ky Hkkjrh; rduhfd f'k{kk ifj"kn ds ,d
okyh fgalk vkSj [kwu [kjkcs us lH;rkvksa dks lekIr dj fn;k gSA ;fn ;s dk;Zdze esa crk;k fd f'kokdj ckcwth ryiMs uked Hkkjrh; us gokbZ
gekjs Åij gkoh u gksrs rks vkt ekuo lekt dkQh rjDdh dj pqdk tgkt dk vkfo"dkj jkbZV ca/kqvksa ls vkB o"kZ igys dj fy;k FkkA muds
(77) (78)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
vuqlkj jko.k ds jkT; esa ikS/kksa ds vanj ,d panzef.k uked jlk;fud 19-
inkFkZ gksrk Fkk ftlls mUgsa ikuh nsus dh t:jr ugha iM+rh FkhA mUgksaus
dgk fd izkS|ksfxdh ds Nk=ksa dks fgUnw Hkxoku fo'odekZ] iqjk.kksa] vkfn ds
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr
ckjs esa i<+k;k tkuk pkfg,A lR; iky flag us jlk;u 'kkL= esa dh ?kksj vlQyrk
LukrdksRrj f'k{kk izkIr dh gS vkSj Hkkjrh; iqfyl lsok ds vf/kdkjh jgs
izksQslj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh dks ;g ekuus esa dksbZ ladksp ugha
gSaA
fd ftUnxh Hkj dh jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh lsok ds QyLo:i gh mUgsa
jk"Vªh; Loa;lsod la?k ;g ugha pkgrk fd Nk=ksa esa lkspus dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dk dqyifr in feykA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k
le>us dh {kerk fodflr gks rkfd os ;ksxh ls ;g u iwN ik,a fd ;fn lRrk:<+ Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh oSpkfjd izsj.kklzksr gSA izksQslj f=ikBh
fpfdRld ekuo flj dh txg 'kY; fdz;k ls gkFkh dk flj yxkus dh viuh vdknfed dkfcfy;r ds fy, ugha tkus tkrs gSaA lwpuk ds
fof/k irk yxk Hkh ysrs gSa rks tks tho cusxk mlesa cqf) balku dh gksxh vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e ds rgr vFkZ'kkL= foHkkx] bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky;
vFkok gkFkh dh\ ;k Nk= lR; iky flag ls ;g u iwNsa fd ;fn Hkkjr ds ls iwN x, loky ds tokc esa ;g crk;k x;k fd foHkkx ds ikl dksbZ
ikl gokbZ tgkt cukus dk Kku Hkwrdky esa jgk gS rks Qzkal ls jQsy tsV tkudkjh ugha fd mUgksaus fdrus 'kks/k i= izdkf'kr fd, vFkok fdrus
foeku [kjhnus ds ctk, D;ksa ugha Hkkjr ljdkj ml iqjkus Kku dks Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds 'kks/k dk;Z dks fn'kk funsZf'kr fd;kA
iquthZfor djus ds fy, iSlk [kpZ djrh gS\
blfy, blesa dksbZ vk'p;Z ugha gqvk tc mUgksaus ifjlj ij 24
?kaVs pyus okyh lkbcj ykbZczsjh ds ?kaVs de dj fn, D;ksafd muds
vuqlkj jkr esa yM+ds baVjusV dk bLrseky v'yhy rLohjsa ns[kus ds fy,
djrs gSaA yM+fd;ksa dks ysdj tks ikcafn;ka mUgksaus yxkbZa muls rks dbZ
ijEijkoknh yksx Hkh pfdr jg x,A yM+fd;ksa ds Nk=kokl ds njokts
'kke 6 cts can djus dk fu.kZ; fy;k x;k] muds Åij jkr dks 8 cts ds
ckn eksckby ij ckr djus ij ikcanh yxk nh xbZ] esl esa ekalkgkjh [kkus
ij izfrca/k yx x;k vkSj lcls pkSadkus okyh ckr fd gjsd Nk=k ls
fo'ofo|ky; ds f[kykQ fdlh Hkh izn'kZu esa 'kkfey u gksus dk fyf[kr
opu fy;k x;kA dqyifr egksn; ds eqrkfcd ;s lkjs fu;e yM+fd;ksa dks
laLdkjh cukus ds mn~ns'; ls ykxw fd, tk jgs FksA mYys[kuh; gS fd bl
izdkj ds fu;e yM+dksa ds fy, ugha cuk, x,A ;k rks dqyifr egksn;
;g ekurs gksaxs fd yM+dksa dks laLdkjh cukuk t:jh ugha vFkok mUgsa bl
ckr dk vanktk gksxk fd yM+dks dks vuq'kkflr djuk vklku u gksxkA

(79) (80)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
cgjgky bu fu;eksa ds fdz;kUo;u ls fo'ofo|ky; dk ekgkSy yM+fd;ksa fu'kkuh gS vkSj 'kfDr ls vuq'kklu ykxw djuk cgknqjh dhA dqyifr Hkh
ds fy, ?kqVu okyk gks x;kA yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk NsM+&NkM+ dh ?kVukvksa lRrk ds u'ks esa pwj gSaA
dks utjvankt fd;k tkrk gS ;k nckus dh dksf'k'k dh tkrh gSA irk fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu us vkjksi yxk;k fd ckgjh] [kqjkQkrh
ugha dqyifr fdl rjg fd laLd`fr cukus dh lksp j[krs gSaA ,d ckr rks vkSj jk"Vªfojks/kh rRoksa us izn'kZu dks HkM+dk;kA mUgsa mu ckgjh yksxksa dh
Li"V gS fd vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ds ifjlj ij opZLo o rks fpark gS tks fojks/k dks c<+kok ns jgs gSa fdarq mudh ugha ftUgksaus Nk=k
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh 'kk[kkvksa esa o`f) ds ckotwn ifjlj yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk NsM+&NkM+ dhA 'kk;n ifjlj ij yM+dh dh NsM+[kkuh ls T;knk
;k efgykvksa ds fy, lqjf{kr ugha cu ldk gSA cnukeh mUgsa vius f[kykQ fojks/k izn'kZu esa utj vkrh gSA
yM+fd;ksa dh lqj{kk ds fy, dM+s fu;e gksrs gq, Hkh 21 flrEcj 24 flrEcj dks iqu% Nk=&Nk=kvksa ij ifjlj ds vanj nks ckj
'kke Ng cts ,d dyk ladk; dh Nk=k ds lkFk dqN eksVjlkbfdy ykBh pktZ gqvkA Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks Nk=kokl [kkyh djus ds vkns'k fn,
lokjksa us NsM+[kkuh dhA ikl [kM+s lqj{kkdehZ us enn djus esa vleFkZrrk x, gSaA fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu }kjk blls T;knk xSj&ftEesnkjkuk dke
trkbZ vkSj Mhu o izkWDVj us mYVk Nk=k dks gh nks"kh Bgjkrs gq, mlls D;k gks ldrk gS\ tks Nk=k,a iqfyl }kjk ykBh pktZ ds ckn flQZ
loky fd;k fd og bruh nsjh ls D;ksa ckgj ?kwe jgh Fkh\ Nk=kvksa esa Nk=kokl esa gh lqjf{kr eglwl dj ldrh Fkha mUgsa Nk=kokl NksM+us o
bldh rh[kh izfrfdz;k gqbZ vkSj vxj gtkj ugha rks lSdM+ksa dh rknkn esa fcuk fdlh jsy vkj{k.k ds vius ?kj okil tkus ds fy, etcwj fd;k tk
yM+fd;ka] ml vuqca/k dks rksM+rs gq, ftlesa mUgksaus fo'ofo|ky; ds jgk gSA
f[kykQ izn'kZu esa 'kkfey u gksus ij gLRk{kj fd, Fks] lM+d ij fudky
fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh us rhu o"kZ igys okjk.klh ds izfl)
vkbZa vkSj dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; }kj ij /kjuk 'kq: gks x;kA
fo'oukFk eafnj vkSj fQj ifjlj ij fLFkr mlh uke ds eafnj esa n'kZu
tc /kjuk 'kq: gqvk rks iz/kku ea=h vius pquko {ks= okjk.klh esa dj dqyifr dk dk;ZHkkj lEHkkyk FkkA vc mUgsa le> esa vk x;k gksxk
gh FksA /kjus ds dkj.k mudks viuk ekxZ cnyuk iM+k fdarq mudh rjQ fd fo'ofo|ky; dk f'k{kd la?k ;k jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh 'kk[kk
ls dksbZ izfrfdz;k ugha vkbZA iz/kku ea=h ds izLFkku ds ckn 23 flrEcj pykus vkSj fo'ofo|ky; lapkyu esa tehu vkleku dk varj gSA yxrk
dks iz'kklu us nsj jkr iq#"k iqfyl ls Nk=kvksa ij xSj dkuwuh :i ls ugha fd Hkxoku fo'oukFk mudk cgqr fnuksa rd lkFk nsus okys gSaA mUgsa
ykBh pktZ djok;kA dbZ Nk=kvksa dks pksVsa vkbZa vkSj os fo'ofo|ky; le> esa vk tkuk pkfg, fd muds fnu vc iwjs gks pqds gSaA ,d
vLirky ds VªkWek ls.Vj esa Hkjrh dh xbZaA vdknfed fojks/kh] efgyk fojks/kh] nfd;kuwlh [;ky j[kus okys]
Hkkjr ds lafo/kku esa iznRr vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk vkSj izfrfdz;koknh o vgadkjh O;fDr us fo'ofo|ky; ds ekgkSy dks fo"kkDr
vlgefr izdV djus ds vf/kdkj dh [kqys vke /kfTt;ka mM+haA vgadkj dj fn;k gS vkSj vkt fo'ofo|ky; dks mlh ds dqyifr ls cpkus dk
esa iz'kklu us izn'kZu dks dqpyus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA dqyifr us vius le; vk x;k gSA 'kq: ls gh izksQslj f=ikBh dqyifr cuk, tkus gsrq
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds izf'k{k.k esa fojks/k dks flQZ dqpyuk gh lh[kk v;ksX; mEehnokj FksA Åij ls mUgsa ifjlj esa gh fLFkr Hkkjrh;
gSA laokn ls lek/kku fudkyus tSlh izfdz;k esa mudk fo'okl ughaA izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My ds v/;{k ds :i esa Hkh rRdkyhu
'kk;n jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k us fl[kk;k gS fd laokn detksjh dh ekou lalk/ku ea=h Le`fr bZjkuh us Fkksi fn;k Fkk tcfd e.My dh vksj
(81) (82)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
ls Hksts x, ikap izLrkfor ukeksa esa mudk uke ugha FkkA v{ke gksus ds 20-
ckotwn izksQslj f=ikBh jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls viuh utnhdh dk
dqyifr ds NqV~Vh pys tkus ls
Qk;nk mBkrs gq, egRoiw.kZ inksa ij vklhu gks x,A
fdarq Hkktik viuh xYrh ekuus okyk laxBu ugha gSA vr% Nk=ksa
vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh- dh leL;k dk gy dSls gksxk\
dks ljdkj dks ;g vglkl djkuk iM+sxk vkSj izksQslj f=ikBh dh fonkbZ dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds fooknkLin dqyifr fxjh'k pUnz
lqfuf'pr djuh gksxhA f=ikBh ds yEch NqV~Vh pys tkus ls fQygky rks fo'ofo|ky; dk
ekgkSy 'kkar gks x;k gSA os u flQZ fo'ofo|ky; dks uqdlku igqapk jgs Fks
cfYd ifjlj esa gh fLFkr Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ¼vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh-½ ds
lapkyd e.My ds v/;{k ds ukrs mldh fo'oluh;rk Hkh [kRe djus esa
rRijrk ls layXu FksA Hkkjr dh fons'k ea=h lq"kek Lojkt us gky gh esa
la;qDr jk"Vª la?k esa Hkkjrh; izk|ksfxdh laLFkkuksa dks Hkkjr dh miyfC/k;ksa
esa fxuk;k fdarq ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd f=ikBh ds fy, blds dksbZ ek;us
ugha FksA
f=ikBh dk uke mu ikap yksxksa esa ugha Fkk ftuds uke Hkkjrh;
izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My us v/;{k in gsrq izLrko ds :i esa
rRdkyhu ekuo lalk/ku ea=h Le`fr bZjkuh dks Hksts FksA Le`fr bjkuh us
tcjnLrh f=ikBh dks Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My ds
v/;{k ds :i esa Fkksi fn;kA bZjkuh dh [kqn dh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk lafnX/k
gS vkSj f=ikBh dh dksbZ vdknfed miyfC/k ugha & os vkt rd dksbZ
'kks/k i= izdkf'kr ugha djok ik, gSaA ftl rjg ls ;s vik= yksx
izfrf"Br vdknfed laLFkkuksa ds lkFk f[kyokM+ dj jgs Fks ,d u ,d
fnu og muds f[kykQ tkus gh okyk FkkA dbZ ifjljksa ij fookn [kM+s
djus ds ckn bZjkuh dks ekuo lalk/ku ea=h in ls gVk;k x;k vkSj vkt
f=ikBh dk ,d cqf)thoh fojks/kh] vgadkjh] gBh] fir`lRrked lksp okyk]
uSfrd :i ls fnokfy;k] vrkfdZd o rkuk'kkgh psgjk lkeus vk x;k gSA
cs'kehZ dh dksbZ gn os ugha ekursA 21 flrEcj dks ,d Nk=k ds lkFk
NsM+&NkM+ ds fo#) Nk=kvkssa }kjk fojks/k izn'kZu ij ykBh pyus ls
jk"Vªh; eqn~nk cu tkus ds ckn Hkh os 24 flrEcj dks MkW- vks-ih- mik/;k;]
(83) (84)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
ftUgsa fQth ds ,d U;k;ky; us ,d efgyk ds lkFk NsM+&NkM+ djus dk dk fu.kZ; fy;k x;k fdarq tc bl cSBd esa dqN lnL;ksa us 8 tqykbZ
nks"kh ik;k gS] dk fo'ofo|ky; ds vLirky ds v/kh{kd ds :i esa 2016 dh cSBd ds dk;Zo`r dks vafre :i nsus dh ckr dgh rks dqyifr
fu;fefrdj.k djuk pkg jgs FksA ,sls vik= yksxksa dh tcjnLrh egksn; us dgk fd ;g cSBd fo'ks"k mn~ns'; gsrq cqykbZ xbZ gS] mlds
fu;qfDr;ka djus ds iz;klksa ds fojks/k esa fo'ofo|ky; dh dk;Zdkjh vykok dksbZ vU; eqn~nk ugha fy;k tk ldrkA mUgksaus laLFkku dks ,d
ifj"kn ls Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] xka/khuxj ds izksQslj fe'ksy rjhds ls ca/kd cuk fy;k FkkA muds yEch NqV~Vh ij pys tkus ls
Mfuuks us uoEcj 2015 esa bLrhQk ns fn;k FkkA Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku dk Hkfo"; v/kj esa yVd x;k gSA Hkkjrh;
f=ikBh fo'ofo|ky; dks viuh tkxhj o Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku esa vfuf'prrk dk ekgkSy O;kIr gS vkSj fdlh dks dksbZ
laLFkku dks ,d f[kykSuk le>rs FksA Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds vanktk ugha fd bl ladze.k ds nkSj ls dSls fudyk tk, \ dqyifr] tks
lapkyd e.My dh 8 tqykbZ 2016 dh ,d cSBd ds dk;Zo`r dks ,d o"kZ ,d jk"Vªoknh fopkj/kkjk dks ekurs gSa] dks ;g Hkh fn[kkbZ ugha iM+k fd os
chr tkus ds ckn Hkh os vafre :i nsus dks rS;kj ugha FksA tc rd fiNyh vius vfM+;y joS;s ls ,d jk"Vªh; Lrj ds laLFkku dks pkSiV fd, ns jgs
cSBd ds dk;Zo`r Lohd`r ugha gksrs rc rd vxyh cSBd ugha cqykbZ tk gSaA
ldrhA lapkyd e.My ds vU; lnL;ksa us f=ikBh dks dk;Zo`r dks ;fn ge ;g ns[ksa fd vU; Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkkuksa ds
vafre :i nsus gsrq vuqLekjd Hksts ysfdu f=ikBh bl fo"k; ij fdlh dks lapkyd e.Myksa ds v/;{k dkSu yksx gSa rks ikrs gSa fd Hkk-izkS-la-] dkuiqj
dksbZ tokc ugha nsrs FksA esa lapkyd e.My ds v/;{k ek#fr m|ksx fy- ds v/;{k vkj-lh- HkkxZo]
f=ikBh dh vnwjnf'kZrk ls laLFkku dk dk;Z izHkkfor gks jgk gSA Hkk-izkS-la- fnYyh ds vkfnR; fcM+yk lewg ds v/;{k] dqekj eaxye fcM+yk]
laLFkku ds ikap Mhu & vdknfed ekeyksa] Nk= ekeyksa] izk/;kid Hkk-izkS-la- eqEcbZ ds lu QkekZ ds v/;{k fnyhi lka?oh] Hkk-izkS-la- [kM+xiqj
ekeyksa] 'kks/k ekeyksa o iwoZ Nk= ekeyksa ds & dh fu;qfDr;ka yfEcr gSa ds latho xks;udk tks vkj-ih- xks;udk lewg ds v/;{k gSa] Hkk-izkS-la-
rFkk dk;Zokgd Mhu dk;ZHkkj lEHkkys gq, gSaA Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku psUubZ ds efgUnz ,oa efgUnzk ds v/;{k iou xks;udk] Hkk-izkS-la- xqokgkVh
ds lapkyu esa funs'kd ds vykok Mhu yksxksa dh Hkh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk ds dSfMyk QkekZL;wfVdYl~ fy- ds v/;{k] MkW- jktho eksnh gSa o Hkk-izkS-la-]
jgrh gSA lqj{kk gsrq dqN fu;qfDr;ka #dh iM+h gSaA 21 flrEcj dks gqbZ #M+dh ds tkus ekus oSKkfud vfuy dkdksMdj gks ldrs gSaA ns[kk tk,
?kVuk dks ns[krs gq, bls gYds esa ugha fy;k tk ldrkA fdarq f=ikBh us rks T;knkrj Hkk-izkS-la- ds lapkyd e.Myksa ds v/;{k fdlh u fdlh
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku dks tks lcls cM+k uqdlku igqapk;k gS og ;g dEiuh ds izeq[k gSa vkSj bu lfdz; yksxksa ds ikl laLFkkuksa dks vkxs ys
fd lapkyd e.My ds ek/;e ls tks fu.kZ; yksdrkaf=d <ax ls ysdj tkus dh n`f"V gSA D;k ge dYiuk dj ldrs gSa fd buesa ls dksbZ Hkh
ykxw dj fn, tkrs Fks os vc dqyifr O;fDrxr :i ls ysus yxs Fks o vU; fdlh dk;Zo`r dks vafre :i nsus esa lky Hkkj ls T;knk dk le; ys
lapyd e.My ds lnL;ksa dh dksbZ Hkwfedk ugha jg xbZ FkhA ldrk gS\
fu;er% lapkyd e.My dh o"kZ esa nks cSBdsa gks tkuh pkfg,A vkb, ge ;g Hkh ns[ksa fd ewy :i ls fdu yksxksa ds uke Hkk-izkS-la-
twu 2017 esa ,d fo'ks"k cSBd cqykdj lkrosa osru vk;ksx dks ykxw djus ds lapkyd e.My us viuk v/;{k pqus tkus ds fy, izLrkfor fd, FksA
;s ikap yksx Fks buQksfll ds lg&laLFkkid ,u-vkj- ukjk;.k ewfrZ]
(85) (86)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
Hkkjrh; izca/ku laLFkku] csaxyq: ds HkwriwoZ funs'kd iadt panzk tks ifjf'k"V 1
orZeku esa vgenkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr gSa] Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ds tuojh 2016 esa vuqca/k lekIr gksus ij tkjh igyk oDrO;
,d funs'kd fdj.k dkfuZd] Hkk-izkS-la- ds HkwriwoZ funs'kd lat; /kkaMs o Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
vejhdk ds izfrf"Br bfyukW, fo'ofo|ky;] vckZuk&'kSEisu ds lsok ds lkFk vuqca/k lekIr
fuo`r izksQslj ujsUnz vgwtkA bu lHkh yksxksa us o"kksZa dh esgur ds ckn
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds lkFk
viuh fo'oluh;rk dk;e dh gSA budh rqyuk esa f=ikBh dh dksbZ ,slh
esjk vuqca/k le; ls igys gh laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My ds ,d QSlys
miyfC/k ugha fd mUgsa fdlh fo'ofo|ky; esa izksQslj Hkh cuk;k tk,]
ls <kbZ o"kZ ckn lekIr gks x;kA lapkyd e.My dh gky esa gqbZ cSBd esa
dqyifr vkSj Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My ds v/;{k
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s nks egkuqHkkoksa] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
dh ckr rks nwj dh gSA
ds dqyifr izksQslj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh] ftUgsa Hkkjr ljdkj dh ekuo
fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh us viuh djrwrksa ls dk'kh fgUnw lalk/ku ea=h us laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My }kjk vius v/;{k in ds fy,
fo'ofo|ky; o ifjlj ij fLFkr Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku dks bruh Hksts x, ikap ukeksa ls vyx tkdj v/;{k cuk fn;k Fkk vkSj Hkkjrh;
{kfr igqapkbZ gS fd mu yksxksa dh f'kuk[r dj muds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds QSdYVh ekeyksa ds Mhu izksQslj /kuat; ik.Ms; us
dh tkuh pkfg, tks bUgsa dqyifr cukus ds fy, ftEesnkj gSaA yxHkx lapkyd e.My dks ;g QSlyk ysus ds fy, etcwj fd;kA esjs
Åij vkjksi gS fd eSa uDlyoknh gwa] eSaus fuHkZ;k dkaM ij cuh izfrcaf/kr
fQYe fn[kkbZ vkSj jk"Vª fojks/kh xfrfof/k;ksa esa lafyIr gwaA
eSa ;g Li"V djuk pkgrk gwa fd eSa uDlyoknh ugha gwaA ftl
fopkj/kkjk ds eSa vius dks lcls utnhd ikrk gwa og xka/khokn gSA fdarq
uDlyoknh ftu eqn~nksa dks mBkrs gSa muls eSa lger gwa Hkys gh eSa muds
rjhdksa ls lger u gksÅaA eq>s ;g Hkh yxrk gS fd uDlyoknh cuus ds
fy, cgqr cgknqjh o R;kx dh t:jr iM+rh gS ftruh izfrc)rk eq>esa
ugha gSA 2014&15 'kS{kf.kd l= ds nwljs lsesLVj esa esjh fodkl v/;;u
dh d{kk esa fuHkZ;k dkaM ij cuh izfrcaf/kr fQYe fn[kkbZ tkus okyh Fkh
fdarq d{kk ls Bhd igys fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; izkWDVj o yadk Fkkuk ds
gLr{ksi ds dkj.k ;g fQYe d{kk esa ugha fn[kkbZ xbZA ysfdu ,d nwljh
fQYe fn[kk dj lekt esa efgykvksa ds f[kykQ gksus okyh fgalk ij ppkZ
gqbZA
eSa jk"Vª dh vo/kkj.kk o jk"Vª dh lhekvksa dks ugha ekurk tks eq>s
(87) (88)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
yxrk gS tkfr o /keZ dh rjg gh balkuksa dks cakVus ds fy, ftEesnkj gSaA
vr% eSa ns'kHkDr ;k ns'knzksgh ugha gks ldrkA eSa tu i{kh; gwaA eSa ifjf'k"V 2
jk"Vªoknh ugha vfirq czãk.Moknh gwaA 13 tuojh] 2016 dks dqyifr] dk'kh fgUnw
eq>s dksbZ xe ugha D;ksafd esjk vuqca/k lekIr djus dk fu.kZ;
fo'ofo|ky; ds lokyksa dk fn;k x;k tokc
esjh 'kS{kf.kd dkfcfy;r esa deh ds vk/kkj ij ugha cfYd esjh jktuhfrd izksQslj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh] dqyifr] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
fopkj/kkjk o esjh xfrfof/k;ksa ds dkj.k fy;k x;k gSA eSaus Hkkjrh; us Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds funs'kd izksQslj jktho laxy ds ek/;e
izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa vkuaniwoZd le; ls eq>ls iqNok;k gS fd gky esa laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My }kjk
fcrk;k gS vkSj laLFkku o fo'ofo|ky; ds fy, esjh 'kqHkdkeuk,a gSaA jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx esa foftfVax QSdYVh ds :i esa esjk vuqca/k
le; ls igys lekIr fd, tkus ls mits fookn ds lanHkZ esa eSa ;g ekeyk
fo'ofo|ky; Lrj ij D;ksa mBk jgk gwa tcfd ekeyk Hkkjrh; izks|ksfxdh
laLFkku dk gS] eSa muds f[kykQ O;fDrxr vkjksi D;ksa yxk jgk gwa o D;ksa
u esjs f[kykQ ,d U;kf;d tkap cSBkbZ tk,\
eSa ;g dguk pkgrk gwa fd Hkys gh izksQslj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh us
esjk eqn~nk cSBd esa ,ts.Ms ij vU; ekeys ds rgr lapkyd e.My ds
v/;{k ds :i esa mBk;k u fd fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr ds :i esa]
orZeku esa jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s v;ksX; yksxksa dh ftl rjg
fo'ofo|ky; esa i<+kus ds fy, fu;qfDr;ka gks jgh gSa vFkok vf[ky
Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ls tqM+s ukdkfcy Nk=ksa dks nkf[kys fn, tk jgs gSa
;s bruh xEHkhj vfu;ferrk,a gSa] ftlesa esjk vuqca/k lekIr fd;k tkuk
flQZ ,d ?kVuk gS] fd tc rd izksQslj f=ikBh viuk in NksM+saxs ;k
jk"Vªh; yksdrkaf=d xBca/ku dh ljdkj fnYyh ls gVsxh rc rd dk'kh
fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dks viwfrZuh; {kfr igqap pqdh gksxhA jk"Vªh;
yksdrkaf=d xBca/ku dh ljdkj esa dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; o vU;
laLFkkuksa tSls fQYe o Vsyhfot+u baLVhV~;wV vkWQ bf.M;k dh vdknfed
xq.koRrk ds lkFk xEHkhj le>kSrk fd;k tk jgk gSA
pwafd dqyifr us esjk ekeyk lapkyd e.My dh cSBd esa mBk;k
vkSj esjs Åij uDlyoknh o ns'knzksgh gksus ds vkjksi yxk, os esjh Nfo
(89) (90)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
dyafdr djus ds nks"kh gSa] ftlls esjk vkSj dgha i<+kuk vc eqf'dy gks
tk,xkA esjs vdknfed dkeksa ds ckjs esa tkus cxSj xSj&vdknfed vk/kkj ifjf'k"V 3
ij mUgksaus esjs f[kykQ dk;Zokgh dh gSA ;g cM+h jkspd ckr gS fd os bl esjs leFkZu esa oDrO;
vkjksi ls FkksM+k fopfyr gq, gSa fd mUgsa ,d izksQslj ds :i esa bykgkckn
fo'ofo|ky; esa fdlh us i<+krs ugha ns[kk vkSj u gh mUgksaus dksbZ 'kks/k
lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ¼bf.M;k½ dh izsl foKfIr
dk;Z fd;k gS ftlls muds dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; tSls cM+s laLFkku
ds dqyifr cuk, tkus ij gh lokfy;k fu'kku [kM+k gksrk gSA QdZ flQZ MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; ds f[kykQ vkjksi dqyifr ds ekufld
bruk gS fd os esjs Åij >wBs xSj&vdknfed phtksa dks ysdj vkjksi yxk fnokfy,iu dks fn[kkrk gS
jgs gSa vkSj eSa mudh vdknfed dkfcfy;r ij gh loky [kM+k dj jgk MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ds mik/;{k gSaA lks'kfyLV
gwaA ikVhZ Hkkjrh; lektoknh vkanksyu dh okfjl gS ftldh fopkj/kkjk dk
tks yksx esjs leFkZu esa cksy jgs gSa os Hkh pkgrs gSa fd esjs Åij izlkj vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso] t;izdk'k ukjk;.k] MkW- yksfg;k] vP;qr
yxk, x, xEHkhj vkjksiksa dh tkap rks gksuh gh pkfg,A lapkyd e.My us iVo)Zu] ;qlqQ esgjvyh tSls fpardksa us fd;kA ikVhZ Hkkjrh; pquko
esjs f[kykQ la?k ifjokj dk dbZ o"kksZa ls tks >wBk izpkj py jgk gS mlds vk;ksx ds lkFk iathd`r gSA ikVhZ dk lafo/kku o uhfr nLrkost pquko
vk/kkj ij fu.kZ; fy;k gS fcuk dksbZ tkap djk, vkSj u gh eq>s dksbZ vk;ksx ds ikl gS vkSj mlds izLrko] izsl foKfIr;ka o vU; dk;Zdzeksa ds
lQkbZ dk ekSdk fn;k gSA izkd`frd U;k; dk fl)kar dgrk gS fd vkjksiksa fooj.k ikVhZ o ehfM;k ds ikl ladfyr gSaA
dh tkap ds ckn gh ltk nh tk ldrh gSA ;gka rks dqyifr vkSj muds MkW- ik.Ms; [kqn lekt ds oafpr rcdksa ds vf/kdkjksa ds fy, yEcs
jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds lg;ksxh izksQslj /kuat; ik.Ms;] Hkkjrh; le; ls dke dj jgs gSaA os tkus ekus xka/khoknh dk;ZdrkZ gSa] flQZ ns'k esa
izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds QSdYVh ekeyksa ds Mhu] us vQokgksa ds vk/kkj ij gh ugha fons'k esa HkhA lkekftd&jktuhfrd :i ls tkx:d ukxfjd
gh esjs Åij ltk Fkksi nhA eSa Hkh ,d U;kf;d tkap pkgrk gwa vkSj vxj bu rF;ksa ls ifjfpr gSaA blds ckotwn dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds
esjs f[kykQ vkjksi xyr lkfcr gq, rks dqyifr dks bLrhQk nsuk dqyifr us mUgsa uDlyoknh o ns'knzksgh dgkA ;g mudk ekufld
pkfg,A fnokfy;kiu lkfcr djrk gSA
dsUnzh; fo'ofo|ky; ds :i esa jk"Vªifr dk'kh fgUnw
fo'ofo|ky; ds foft+Vj gSaA gekjk jk"Vªifr ls fouez vuqjks/k gS fd bl
ekeys esa ,d tkap cSBk,aA rkfd tkap fu"i{k gks blfy, lks'kfyLV ikVhZ
;g ekax djrh gS fd rRdky izHkko ls dqyifr dks fuyfEcr fd;k tk,A
HkkbZ oS|
v/;{k
(91) (92)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
izksQslj vfuy ln~xksiky dk i=
fiz; lanhi] izksQslj vkuan dqekj dk oDrO;
vkt tu vkanksyuksa dh izsl foKfIr ds tfj, ch-,p-;w- }kjk Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds
vkidks QSdYVh in ls c[kkZLr djus dh [kcj ikdj csgn vQlksl gqvk] QSdYVh lanhi ik.Ms; dks uDlyh leFkZd crk dj fudkyk tkuk ,d
vQlksl vkidks ysdj ugha oj~u ns'k dh fcxM+rh gkykr dks ysdj gqvkA 'keZukd ?kVuk gSA eXlk;lk; iqjLdkj izkIr lanhi th ,d jk"Vªh;
;g mEnk ckr gS fd vkids vius oDrO; esa Hkh ;gh Hkko gSaA gesa ml O;fDrRo gSa vkSj vius xka/khoknh&lektoknh ewY;ksa ds izfr fu"Bk ds fy,
Hkkjr ij ukt+ gS ftlesa fopkjksa ds erHksnksa dh bTt+r gksrh jgh gS] u fd tkus tkrs gSaA os izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds es/kkoh
erHksn gksus ij lRrk/kkjh c[kkZLr djus ls ysdj gR;k rd djus ls
Nk= jgs gSa vkSj mUgksaus izkS|ksfxdh esa vius izf'k{k.k dk bLrseky xzkeh.k
drjkrs ugha gSaA ;g QSlyk rks vketu dks iwNus ij etcwj djrk gS fd]
thou dh csgrjh ds fy, fd;k gSA muds dkslZ] i<+kus ds rjhds o thou
*os gels D;ksa Mjrs gSa\-------blfy, fd dgha ge muls Mjuk can u dj
nsaA* i)fr ls fiNys <kbZ lkyksa esa Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw
fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk=ksa dk lEeku o Lusg feyk gSA eSaus mudh d{kk esa
vkidh fopkj/kkjk] [kkldj f'k{kk dks ysdj] ls gekjk vDlj
O;k[;ku fn;k gS vkSj Nk=ksa ds chp ldkjkRedrk o l`tu'khyrk
erHksn jgk gS ysfdu blfy, vkSj Hkh t:jh gS fd ch-,p-;w- tSls le`)
eglwl dh gSA bl rjg ds fcuk lksps le>s fy, x, fu.kZ; ij iqufoZpkj
ckSf)d ijEijk okys fo'ofo|ky; esa vki i<+krs jgsaA f'k{kk ds
lkEiznk;hdj.k ds fojks/k esa 12 tuojh dks y[kuÅ esa izn'kZu djus ds gksuk pkfg, o dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dks viuh xYrh ds fy, {kek
QSlys ds fy, vki dks lk/kqoknA ysfdu ;g le>uk t:jh gksxk fd ekaxuh pkfg,A vU;Fkk jk"Vªifr iz.kc eq[kthZ dks dk'kh fgUnw
lkEiznk;hdj.k ds ,tsaMs vkSj lkezkT;okn ds ,stsaMs esa vfHkUu fj'rk gSA fo'ofo|ky; ds foft+Vj ds :i esa blesa tkap cSBkuh pkfg, D;ksafd ;s
f'k{kk ds {ks= esa f'k{kk ds futhdj.k vkSj lkEiznk;hdj.k lkFk&lkFk ,d vko';d o ljkguh; f'k{kd ds f[kykQ fopkj/kkjk o xSj
pyrs gSaA mEehn gS fd vki 12 tuojh dks og ut+fj;k ugha viuk,axs vdknfed vk/kkj ij lRrk dk nq#i;ksx gSA
tks f'k{kk esa lkEiznk;hdj.k dk fojks/k djus okyh vf/kdka'k rkdrsa izksQslj vkuan dqekj
viukrh gSa ¼MkW- eqjyh euksgj tks'kh ds tekus ls viukrh jgh gSa½ ;kuh
¼lsok fuo`r izksQslj] tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; o Nk= la?k
lkEiznk;hdj.k dk fojks/k rks djrh gSa ysfdu futhdj.k o cktkjhdj.k
ds eqn~ns ij ;k rks pqi jgrh gSa ;k xksyeksy Hkwfedk ysrh gSaA bl ij vkSj v/;{k] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;½
foLrkj ls ckr djus dh t:jr gS ysfdu vHkh b'kkjk dkQh gksuk Lojkt vfHk;ku
pkfg,A
vf[ky Hkkjrh; f'k{kk vf/kdkj eap vkids ch-,p-;w- okys ekeys
esa tYn gh izsl foKfIr tkjh dj jgk gSA
lizse]
vfuy ln~xksiky
(93) (94)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
dqyifr fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh uXu ftruk fn[k jgk gS mlls T;knk fNik gqvk gSA jktuhfr foKku
vf/kuk;dokn dk mnkgj.k esa ,e-,- ds vafre o"kZ ds Nk= vfouk'k dqekj ik.Ms; us vius Qslcqd
ij 12 tuojh dks fy[kk fd mlus dqyifr ls izksQslj lanhi ik.Ms; ds
ftl rjg viekfur dj lanhi ik.Ms; th] eXlk;lk; iqjLdkj
ckjs esa nks ekg iwoZ f'kdk;r dh FkhA fQj og dqyifr dks mldh
izkIr] dks dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx ls
f'kdk;r ij fu.kkZ;d dk;Zokgh ds fy, /kU;okn Hkh nsrk gSA ;g rks lc
gVk;k x;k gS mlls Nk=ksa esa vanj gh vanj xqLlk gSA ;g xqLlk 8
yksx tkurs gh gSa fd dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr jk"Vªh;
tuojh dks ns[kus dks feyk tc Nk= fojks/k izn'kZu dh rS;kjh fd, gq, Fks
Lo;alsod la?k ds vkneh gSaA vk'p;Z dk fo"k; ;g gS fd vfouk'k vius
ftlesa ,d Nk= us fVIi.kh dh fd *;g fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu dh uXu
Qslcqd ij vius dks Hkh jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+k crkrk gSA ,d
vlfg".kqrk dk fuyZTt izn'kZu gSA* fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu us bl izn'kZu
LFkkuh; lekpkj osclkbV ij vfouk'k dh f'kdk;r ds ckjs esa Nik gSA
dks jksdus ds fy, Hkkjh la[;k esa lqj{kkdfeZ;ksa dks yxk fn;kA
iz'kklu us izksQslj lanhi ik.Ms; dh lsok,a lekIr djus ls igys vkjksiksa
fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu }kjk ;g Nk=ksa ds yksdrkaf=d vf/kdkjksa dks
dh lR;rk irk yxkus dh dksf'k'k ugha dhA fdlh izksQslj ds f[kykQ
dqpyus ds mn~ns'; ls fd;k x;kA MkW- ik.Ms; ds ikl Nqikus ds fy,
c<+k p<+k dj yxk, x, vkjksiksa dh iqf"V fd, cxSj mls fudky fn;k
dqN Hkh ugha ftlds vk/kkj ij mudks fudkyus dh fLFkfr cus] muds
tkuk fo'ofo|ky; ds fy, ubZ ?kVuk gSA ,d fo'ofo|ky; ifjlj esa
Åij rks maxyh Hkh ugha mBkbZ tk ldrhA os dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
oSpkfjd erHksn rks gksrs gh gSa vkSj mudk Lokxr Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA ;g
ds Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds ,d foHkkx esa fiNys <kbZ o"kZ ls
nqHkkZX; gS fd ,d lEekfur izksQslj dks fcuk fdlh izek.k ds uDlyoknh
foftfVax QSdYVh Fks vkSj mudk vuqca/k tqykbZ esa lekIr gksus okyk FkkA
crk fn;k x;kA ;g lanhi HkkbZ tSls lTtu O;fDr ds lkFk vU;k; gS]
le; ls igys vuqca/k lEkIr djkus dh dksbZ rdZlaxr otg u nsus ds
cfYd ;g ekuork ds lkFk vU;k; gS ;fn fcuk izek.k ds fdlh dks nks"kh
dkj.k fu.kZ; ij lansg [kM+k gksrk gSA
Bgjk fn;k tk,A
iz'kklu us Li"V dgk gS fd izksQslj ik.Ms; jk"Vª fojks/kh
eSa mEehn djrk gwa fd bl rjg dh ?kVuk vkxs ds fy, uthj u
xfrfof/k;ksa esa fyIr Fks o os uDlyoknh gSaA ;s nksuksa vkjksiksa dh tM+ vius
cu tk, D;ksafd tYnh gh fo'ofo|ky; viuh lkSoha lkyfxjg eukus tk
fopkjksa ls vyx fopkjksa dks ekuus okys O;fDr ds fy, vlfg".kqrk gS
jgk gSA ;g iafMr enu eksgu ekyoh; ds dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dks
D;ksafd izksQslj ik.Ms; fo'ofo|ky; ds [kqys vkykspd Fks o gky gh esa os
,d oSf'od laLFkku cukus ds lius ftlesa gjsd fdLe dk fopkj
fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu ds vka[kksa dh fdjfdjh cu x, Fks D;ksafd os 40
Qys&Qwys ds lkFk /kks[kk gksxkA dqN ugha rks iz'kklu ftl O;fDr dh
deZpkfj;ksa ftudks fo'ofo|ky; us fudky fn;k Fkk ds fu;ferhdj.k
iwtk djrk gS mlds vkn'kksZa dks rks ftUnk j[kuk pkfg,A
dh ekax mBk jgs FksA bl ?kVuk ls fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu dh n`f"V esa
fy, mudk vyksdfiz; gksuk r; FkkA ge gky esa tks fo'ofo|ky; ds fnyhi dqekj
vanj ns[k jgs gSa yxHkx oSlh gh ?kVuk,a ns'k esa vU; txgksa ij Hkh ?kV ih,p-Mh- Nk=] Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku]
jgh gSaA ;fn oSpkfjd erHksn ds dkj.k fdlh tkus ekus cqf)thoh dks dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
fudkyk tk,xk rks vkokt mBkus ds fy, ;g xEHkhj eqn~nk curk gSA
(95) (96)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
MkW- tkW;sUnq HkknqM+h dk oDrO; :i esa tc rd esjk dk;kZy; rS;kj ugha Fkk lanhi dk dk;kZy; o
ftl rjg ls MkW- ik.Ms; dks tgka ls mUgksaus v/;;u fd;k ml dEI;wVj bLrseky fd;kA bl nkSjku eSaus lk{kkr mlds Nk=ksa ds
laLFkku us fudkyk x;k gS eSa viuk vkdzks'k o fojks/k ntZ djkuk pkgwaxkA ewY;kadu ds rjhds dks ns[kkA eSa lanhi dks 14 o"kksZa ls tkurk gwa blfy,
eSaus ges'kk bl ckr ij xoZ fd;k gS fd eSaus Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] [kqydj mldh vkykspuk dj ldrk gwaA
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls 1986 esa bysDVªkWfuDl vfHk;kaf=dh dh vius fodkl v/;;u dkslZ esa lanhi Nk=ksa dks lsesLVj ds nkSjku
i<+kbZ iwjh dhA eSa mls ges'kk ,d ,sls laLFkku ds :i esa ;kn djrk gwa dbZ dke djus dks nsrs Fks vkSj iwjs lsesLVj pyus okyk ,d cM+k dke
tgka [kqys fnekx o oSpkfjd fofo/krk dks izksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk FkkA gksrk Fkk] ftuds vk/kkj ij Nk=ksa dks dkslZ esa xzsM feyrs FksA Nk= lanhi
jktuhfrd ekgkSy dks ns[kdj laLFkku bruk fxj x;k gS ;g laLFkku o ls dbZ ckj feyrs Fks] vius dkeksa dh izxfr crkrs Fks o var esa vius dke
ge iwoZ Nk=ksa ds fy, Hkh 'keZ dh ckr gSA ftruk eSa bl ?kVuk ds ckjs esa ds vk/kkj ij ,d vk[;k tek djuh gksrh FkhA lanhi dkQh Jelk/;
i<+rk gwa eq>s dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa mPpre dk;Zdkjh Lrj ij gks rjhds ls izR;sd Nk= dh izxfr vkSj vafre vk[;k dh tkudkjh ,d
jgs ?kfV;k xq.koRrk okys fu.kZ; dks ysdj vk?kkr yxrk gSA u flQZ MkW- ,Dlsy 'khV esa fu;fer ntZ djrs jgrs FksA tgka rd mudh le;fu"Bk
ik.Ms; ds f[kykQ fy;k x;k fu.kZ; okil gksuk pkfg, cfYd tks yksx dk loky gS esjh tkudkjh esa os viuh gj d{kk mRlkg ds lkFk lapkfyr
,slh i{kikriw.kZ] mUeknh o vdknfed fojks/kh fu.kZ; izfd;k ds fy, djrs FksA
ftEesnkj gSa mudh tkap gksuh pkfg,A ;g [kcj iwjh nqfu;k esa xwath gS o lanhi us izkWlsl baLVªwes.Vs'ku o daVªksy flLVe tSls vfHk;kaf=dh
blus dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dks galh dk ik= cuk fn;k gSA eq>s ds dkslZ Hkh i<+k,A lanhi dks funs'kd ls ijh{kk u ysus dh vuqefr feyh
ekywe gS fd 'kk;n dk;Zdkjh ;k iz'kklu dks blls dksbZ QdZ ugha iM+rk gqbZ FkhA eq>s Hkh yxrk gS ijh{kk esa ge flQZ Nk= fdruk ;kn j[k ldrk
ysfdu ge iwoZ Nk=ksa dks iM+rk gS vkSj ge mEehn djrs gSa fo'ofo|ky; gS bldh tkap djrs gSa vkSj Nk= T;knk vad ykus ds fy, udy Hkh djrs
ds izksQslj] deZpkjh] Nk= Hkh gekjh fpark dks lk>k djrs gksaxsA gSaA blds ctk, lanhi Nk=ksa dk O;fdrxr ewY;kadu djrs Fks rkfd ;g
MkW- tkW;sUnq HkknqM+h lqfuf'pr gks fd os fo"k; dks le> dj ml Kku dk bLrseky ;k
izksQslj] czk;u Ldwy] O;kikj o vFkZ'kkL= fo'kys"k.k dj ldsaA ,d ckj dh ewY;kadu izfdz;k esa rhu ;k mlls
T;knk fnu yxrs FksA
ukFkZ dSjksykbZuk fo'ofo|ky;] xzhul~cksjks
Nk= NksVs&NksVs ikap rd ds lewgksa esa lanhi ls feyrs Fks] tgka os
vejhdk
fn, x, iz'u dk gy fudkyrs vkSj ml ij lanhi ls ppkZ djrsA bl
rjg dh ewY;kadu izfdz;k o ppkZ ls Nk= dh fo"k; ds ckjs esa le>nkjh
Jh'k vxzoky dk oDrO; c<+rh gS o mls Kku dk bLrskeky djuk vk tkrk gSA lanhi dh ewY;kadu
eSaus 2014&15 esa jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkkjrh; izfdz;k esa izfrLi/kkZ dh Hkkouk u gksdj lh[kus gsrq izsj.kk feyrh FkhA
izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa foft+fVax QSdYVh ds ftrus f'k{kdksa dks eSa tkurk gwa mlesa flQZ lanhi gh gS tks vius Nk=ksa dks

(97) (98)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:37 PM
bruk le; o O;fDrxr /;ku nsrs gSa rkfd os fo"k; dks Bhd ls le>sa o rcdksa ds vf/kdkjksa fy, rFkk U;k;iw.kZ fodkl ds fy, dk;Zjr gSaA fiNys
mUgsa vPNs vad Hkh fey tk,aA <kbZ o"kksZa ls os Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds
Jh'k vxzoky] ih,p-Mh- jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh o ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkxksa esa foftfVax
QSdYVh ds :i esa dk;Z dj jgs gSaA
xsLV QSdYVh] Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku]
muds dkslZ] i<+kus ds rjhds o thou i)fr ls fiNys <kbZ lkyksa
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
esa mUgsa Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk=ksa
dk lEeku o Lusg feyk gSA Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw
tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo; fo'ofo|ky; esa uokpkj f'k{k.k i)fr gsrq mudks varjkZ"Vªh; Lrj ij
jk"Vªifr dks fy[kk x;k i= fizalVu dh 'kS{kf.kd ewY;kadu lsok us izfrLi/kkZ jfgr O;fDrxr
MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; ds Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw ewY;kadu i)fr dk ifjp; nsus ds fy, vkWfLVª;k cqyk;kA
fo'ofo|ky; esa 'kS{kf.kd vuqca/k dks lekIr fd, tkus dh tkap gsrq muds f[kykQ uDlyh leFkZd o jk"Vª fojks/kh gksus ds vkjksi
vihy vk/kkjghu gSa D;ksafd mUgksaus yxkrkj 'kkafriw.kZ rjhdksa o yksdrkaf=d
ekuuh; jk"Vªifr Jh iz.kc eq[kthZ ek/;e ls gh lkekftd dk;Z fd;k gSA muds Åij fuHkZ;k dkaM ij
izfrcaf/kr fQYe fn[kkus dk vkjksi xyr gS D;ksafd eq[; izkWDVj o yadk
Hkkjrh; x.kjkT;
Fkkus ds Fkkuk/;{k ds gLr{ksi ds ckn ,slk ugha fd;k x;k Fkk ftl ckr
fo"k;% MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; ds Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh dh iqf"V Nk=ksa ls dh tk ldrh FkhA
fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa 'kS{kf.kd vuqca/k dks lekIr fd, tkus dh
gekjk ekuuk gS fd xSj vdknfed dkj.kksa ls MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;
tkap gsrq vihyA
dks fudkyk tkuk dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu dh fu.kZ; ysus esa
le; ls igys] uDlyh leFkZd o jk"Vª fojks/kh crkdj MkW- cM+h Hkwy gSA MkW- ik.Ms; rks xka/kh th dh 'krkCnh igys dh xbZ ml vihy
lanhi ik.Ms; ds Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dk vuqlj.k dj jgs Fks tks mUgksaus dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds LFkkiuk
esa 'kS{kf.kd vuqca/k dks lekIr fd;k tkuk 'keZukd ?kVuk gSA ;s fojks/kh lEesyu esa dh Fkh fd gesa bl ns'k dh vke turk dh csgrjh ds ckjs esa
fopkjksa ds izfr orZeku ljdkj dh vlfg".kqrk o f'k{kk ds Hkxokdj.k dk fpark djuh pkfg,A
,d vkSj uewuk gSA
ge vkils dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds foft+Vj ds :i esa
lanhi ik.Ms;] ftUgksaus dSfyQksfuZ;k fo'ofo|ky;] cdZys ls vihy djrs gSa fd mudks ,drjQk dk;Zokgh djds gVk, tkus dh tkap
ih,p-Mh- dh gS o Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dkuiqj esa v/;kiu dj gksuh pkfg, D;ksafd ;s ,d vko';d o ljkguh; f'k{kd ds f[kykQ
pqds gSa] eXlk;lk; iqjLdkj izkIr o tkus ekus xka/khoknh&lektoknh fopkj/kkjk o xSj vdknfed vk/kkj ij lRrk dk nq#i;ksx gS vkSj bl
izfrc)rk okys lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ gSaA os nks n'kdksa ls lekt ds oafpr fof'k"V laLFkku dh xka/kh & ekyoh; & ujsUnz nso dh fojklr dks cgky
(99) (100)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
djsaA izksQslj vfuy mik/;k;] foHkkxk/;{k] i=dkfjrk o tu lapkj] dk'kh fo|kihB]
okjk.klh
bl i= dk fuEufyf[kr leFkZu djrs gSaA
MkW- fujatu lgk;] ,lksfl,V izksQslj] fgUnh foHkkx] dk'kh fo|kihB] okjk.klh
MkW- vuqjkx dqekj] ,lksfl,V izksQslj] fgUnh foHkkx] dk'kh fo|kihB] okjk.klh
lakln MkW- lqjsUnz izrki flag] vflLVs.V izksQslj] fgUnh foHkkx] dk'kh fo|kihB] okjk.klh
/keZohj xka/kh] yksd lHkk MkW- xksj[kukFk ik.Ms;] QSdYVh] fgUnh foHkkx] ;w-ih- dkyst] okjk.klh
vyh vuoj] jkT; lHkk MkW- jkgqy oeZu] izksQslj o foHkkxk/;{k] vkS|ksfxd izca/ku o vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk-
gfjoa'k] jkT; lHkk izkS- la-] dkuiqj
vdknfed O;fDrRo MkW- lqfp=k ekFkqj] izksQslj] ekuohdh o lkekftd foKku foHkkx] Hkkjrh; izks|ksfxdh
laLFkku] dkuiqj
MkW- ,-ds- eq[kthZ] izksQslj] jlk;u 'kkL= foHkkx] Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh
fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;] okjk.klh MkW- nhid xqIrk] izksQslj] inkFkZ foKku o vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] dkuiqj
MkW- vkj-ds- e.My] izksQslj] /kkrqdh; vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] dk'kh fgUnw MkW- ih-vkj-ds- jko] lsok fuo`r izksQslj] fo|qrh; vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-]
fo'ofo|ky;] okjk.klh dkuiqj
MkW- iz'kkar 'kqDy] ,lksfl,V izksQslj] ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] dk- fg- MkW- nhikadj] voSrfud izksQslj] fo|qrh; vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] eqEcbZ
fo- fo-] okjk.klh MkW- jktk eksgarh] izksQslj] vkS|ksfxd vfHkdYi dsUnz] Hkk- izkS- la-] eqEcbZ
MkW- ,-,l-ds- flUgk] izksQslj] jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] dk- fg- fo- MkW- lqizfrd pdzorhZ] izksQslj] lax.kd foKku o vfHk;kaf=dh] Hkk- izkS- la-] eqEcbZ
fo-] okjk.klh MkW- vkse nekuh] izksQslj] lax.kd foKku o vfHk;kaf=dh] Hkk- izkS- la-] eqEcbZ
MkW- ,e-ih- flag] izksQslj] fof/k ladk;] dk- fg- fo- fo-] okjk.klh MkW- f'kf'kj >k] izca/ku foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] eqEcbZ
MkW- fcank ijkatis] izksQslj] bfrgkl foHkkx] dk- fg- fo- fo-] okjk.klh MkW- ujs'k dq- p.Mhje.kh] izksQslj] ukxjh; vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] eqEcbZ
MkW- izeksn ckxM+s] izksQslj] n'kZu 'kkL= foHkkx] dk- fg- fo- fo-] okjk.klh MkW- vkuan rsyrqEcMs] izksQslj] izca/ku foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] [kxM+iqj
MkW- /kzqc dqekj] vflLVs.V izksQslj] bfrgkl foHkkx] dk- fg- fo- fo-] okjk.klh MkW- eueksgu ik.Ms;] izksQslj] ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-] xqokgkVh
MkW- rkfcj dyke] izksQslj] bfrgkl foHkkx] dk- fg- fo- fo-] okjk.klh MkW- lqfer vxzoky] vflLVs.V izksQslj] fo|qrh; vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkk- izkS- la-]
izksQslj cyjkt ik.Ms;] dfo o iwoZ foHkkxk/;{k] fgUnh foHkkx] dk- fg- fo- fo-] fnYyh
okjk.klh MkW- vkuan dqekj] lsok fuo`r izksQslj] lekt 'kkL= foHkkx] tokgjyky usg:
izksQslj pkSFkhjke ;kno] lkfgR;dkj o iwoZ foHkkxk/;{k] fgUnh foHkkx] dk- fg- fo- fo-] fo'ofo|ky;] fnYyh
okjk.klh izksQslj vferk ckfoLdj] vkfFkZd fodkl laLFkku] fnYyh
izksQslj ,e-ih- flag] lfpo] tuoknh ys[kd la?k] okjk.klh MkW- fgeka'kq ik.Ms;] ,lksfl,V izksQslj] tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky;
izksQslj 'kghuk fjT+koh] iwoZ foHkkxk/;{k] mnwZ foHkkx] dk'kh fo|kihB] okjk.klh MkW- nhik flUgk] ,fllVs.V izksQslj] vEcsMj fo'ofo|ky;] fnYyh
(101) (102)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
MkW- f'kok 'kadj] izksQslj] psUubZ xf.kr laLFkku] psUubZ lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ o fof'k"V ukxfjd
MkW- os.kq ek/ko xksfoanq] izksQslj] fo|qrh; vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkkjrh; foKku laLFkku] U;k;ewfrZ jkftUnj lPpj] HkwriwoZ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k] fnYyh mPp U;k;ky;
csaxyq:
,Mfejy y{ehukjk;.k jkenkl] HkwriwoZ ukSlsuk v/;{k
MkW- vfer HkknqM+h ¼csnkx Nfo ds½] izksQslj] ikfo;k fo'ofo|ky;] bVyh o lh-,l-Mh-
e/kq HkknqM+h] HkwriwoZ jktnwr] csyk:l] fyFkqvkfu;k o iqrZxky
fnYyh
es/kk ikVdj] ueZnk cpkvks vkanksyu o tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;
MkW- dey fe= psukW;] izksQslj] fnYyh fo'ofo|ky;
Lokeh vfXuos'k] vk;Z lekt ds fo}ku] lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ o HkwriwoZ fo/kk;d
MkW- uafnuh lqanj] izksQslj] fnYyh fo'ofo|ky;
vkuan iVo)Zu] MkWD;wes.Vjh fQYe fuekZrk
MkW- es?kuk ialkjs] vflLVs.V izksQslj] f'kokth fo'ofo|ky;
o`ank xzksoj] ofj"B vf/koDrk o ekuokf/kdkj dk;ZdrhZ
MkW- lqjs'k nsolgk;e] izksQslj] tSo vfHk;kaf=dh] fdzf'p;u esfMdy dkWyst] osYywj
lqHkkf"kuh vyh] HkwriwoZ lkaln o lnL;] Hkkjrh; dE;qfuLV ikVhZ ¼ekDlZoknh½ iksfyV
MkW- vfpu oukbd] lsok fuo`r izksQslj o Mhu] lkekftd foKku ladk;] fnYyh
C;wjks
fo'ofo|ky;
;ksxsUnz ;kno] usrk] Lojkt vfHk;ku] pquko fo'ys"kd] cqf)thoh
MkW- fo|kuan >k] izksQslj] O;ogkj foKku] Hkkjrh; izca/ku laLFkku] dksydkrk
iz'kkar Hkw"k.k] ofj"B vf/koDrk] ekuokf/kdkj dk;ZdrkZ o Lojkt vfHk;ku usrk
MkW- esgj bathfu;j] lsok fuo`r izksQslj] dksydkrk
uafnrk nkl] fQYeh vfHkus=h] lkekftd dk;ZdrhZ
izksQslj olh vgen] iVuk
yfyrk jkenkl] HkwriwoZ v/;{kk] xzhuihl b.Vjus'kuy o laLFkkid] xzhuihl bf.M;k
izksQslj gjxksiky] Qsyks] Hkkjrh; lkekftd foKku 'kks/k ifj"kn
MkW- jke iqfu;kuh] HkwriwoZ izksQslj] ck;ksesfMdy bathfu;fjax] Hkk- izkS- la-] eqEcbZ]
MkW- e/kq izlkn] lsok fuo`r izksQslj] n'kZu 'kL=] tkfdj gqlSu dkyst] fnYyh
vf[ky Hkkjrh; /keZfuisZ{k eap ls tqM+s ekuokf/kdkj dk;ZdrkZ] jk"Vªh; ,dhdj.k ds
fo'ofo|ky;
fy, bafnjk xka/kh iqjLdkj] 2006
MkW- vfuy lnxksiky] lsok fuo`r izksQslj o Mhu] f'k{kk ladk;] fnYyh fo'ofo|ky;
_pk flag] v/;{kk] bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; Nk= la?k
MkW- ds- pdz/kj jko] izksQslj] vFkZ'kkL= foHkkx] vkslekfu;k fo'ofo|ky;] gSnjkckn
g"kZ eanj] funs'kd] ls.Vj QkWj ,fDoVh LVMht+] lekftd dk;ZdrkZ o loksZPp
MkW- ds-,e- Jhekyh] lsok fuo`r izksQslj] bfrgkl foHkkx] fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; U;k;ky; esa Hkkstu ds vf/kdkj ekeys esa fu;qDr fo'ks"k vk;qDr
iSesyk fQfyikst+] ofj"B Qsyks] Hkkjrh; lkekftd foKku 'kks/k ifj"kn MkW- Hkkypanz dkaxks] usrk] Hkkjrh; dE;qfuLV ikVhZ
MkW- jksfgr oeZu] izksQslj] Hkkjrh; izca/ku laLFkku] dksydkrk izQqYy lkearjk] yksd 'kfDr vfHk;ku
MkW- ijost+ gqMHkkW;] lsok fuo`r izksQslj] dSn&,&vkt+e fo'ofo|ky;] bLykekckn fyaxjkt vktkn] fu;efxjh lqj{kk lfefr o tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;]
MkW- ft+;k fe;ka] HkkSfrd 'kkL=h] fizalVu fo'ofo|ky; vksMhlk
MkW- fofy;e xkÅYM] izksQslj] bfrgkl foHkkx] yhM~l fo'ofo|ky;] baXyS.M MkW- lquhye] vjk/kuk HkkxZo] fdlku la?k"kZ lfefr
MkW- ,e-oh- je..kk] HkkSfrd 'kkL=h] fizalVu fo'ofo|ky; ehjk la?kfe=k] ueZnk cpkvks vkanksyu o tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;
MkW- jkek;.k jke] izk/;kid] 'kkldh; fMxzh dkyst] yfyriqj lqfufr ,l-vkj-] lqgk"k dksYgsdj] izlkn ckxos] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;]
MkW- eqdqy ekaxfyd] izksQlj] jketl dkyst] fnYyh egkjk"Vª
(103) (104)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
xsfcz;y MhVªhp] xhrk jkekd`".ku] vlaxfBr {ks= dkexkj laxBu] tu vkanksyuksa dk MkW- lat; JhokLro] egk lfpo] izxfr'khy ys[kd la?k] okjk.klh
jk"Vªh; leUo;] rfey ukMw MkW- equht+k jQhd [kku] jftLVªkj] xka/kh v/;;u laLFkku] okjk.klh
lh-vkj- uhydanu] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] dsjy jkseh egktu] ds-ds-,e- lewg] la;qDr jkT; vejhdk
ih- psUuS;k] jked`".k jktw] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] vka/kz izns'k
v#a/krh /kq:] _pk flag] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] mRrj izns'k www.bit.ly/Justice-Dr-Pandey
flLVj lhfy;k] ?kjsyw dkexkj laxBu
oh-ih- #dfe.kh] oL= etnwj laxBu] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] dukZVd
foey HkkbZ] ekVw tu laxBu
tcj flag] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] mRrjk[k.M
vkuan e>xkaodj] d`".kdkar] i;kZoj.k lqj{kk lfefr] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh;
leUo;] xqtjkr
dkek;uh Lokeh] vk'kh"k jatu] tu tkxj.k 'kfDr laxBu] fcgkj
egsUnz ;kno] dks'kh uofuekZ.k eap] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] fcgkj
QSly [kku] [kqnkbZ f[knerxkj
ts-,l- okfy;k] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] gfj;k.kk
dSyk'k eh.kk] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] jktLFkku
vferkHk fe= o lqtkrks Hknz] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] if'pe caxky
Hkwfianj flag jkor] tu la?k"kZ okfguh
jktsUnz jfo] e/kqjs'k dqekj] 'kcue 'ks[k] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] fnYyh
HkkbZ oxhZl] lqHkk"k ykseVs] t; fdlku vkanksyu
oanuk feJ] ihiqYl ;wfu;u QkWj flfoy fycVhZt+] mRrj izns'k
fy;ks lYk/kkuk] la;kstd] i;kZoj.k leFkZu lewg] csaxyq:
fuR;kuan t;je.k] osV~Vhoj dysfDVo] psUubZ
dY;k.kh esuu lsu] QsfefuLV yfuZaXl
bZ-,-,l- ljek] HkwriwoZ lfpo] Hkkjr ljdkj
izHkkdj vjkMs] dksYgkiqj
eukst flag] jk"Vªh; laxBu lfpo] tu laLd`fr eap

(105) (106)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
ifjf'k"V 4 dk fu.kZ; gky esa gqbZ lapkyd e.My dh cSBd esa esjs Åij jk"Vª fojks/kh
o jktuhfrd xfrfof/k;ksa esa 'kkfey gksus] uDlfy;ksa ls tqM+ko o
izeq[k lekpkj i=ksa esa lk{kkRdkj o ys[k izfrcaf/kr fQYe fn[kk, tkus ds vkjksi yxkus o mu ij ppkZ ds ckn
gqvkA dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr izksQslj fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh
VkbEl vkWQ bf.M;k ds vk'kh"k f=ikBh }kjk fy;k x;k o QSdYVh ekeyksa ds Mhu izksQslj /kuat; ik.Ms;] tks nksuksa egkuqHkko
lk{kkRdkj jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s gq, gSa] us lapkyd e.My ds vU; lnL;ksa
ij gkoh gksrs gq, ;g fu.kZ; Fkksi fn;kA
iz'u% vkids Åij vkjksi gS fd vki ifjlj ij jk"Vª fojks/kh o jktuhfrd
xfrfof/k;ksa esa yxs Fks] vkius Nk=ksa dks ,d izfrcaf/kr fQYe fn[kkbZ vkSj iz'u% fdarq vkidks ,d uDlyh leFkZd ekuk tkrk gS\
vkidk uDlfy;ksa dh rjQ >qdko gSA D;k vkidh lsok ds nkSjku dHkh mRrj% eSa ;g Li"V djuk pkgwaxk fd eSa uDlyoknh ugha gwaA eSa vkius vki
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; us vkidks psrkouh dks xka/khoknh fopkj/kkjk ds lcls utnhd ikrk gwaA uDlfy;ksa ds rjhdksa
;k dkj.k crkvks tkjh fd;k\ D;k ;g ns'k esa tks ekgkSy cuk gS mlh dk ls eSa vler gks ldrk gwa fdarq muds }kjk mBk, tkus okys eqn~ns lgh gSaA
vlj gS] [kkldj pwafd vki iz/kku ea=h ds pquko {ks= esa Fks\ uDlyh cuus ds fy, cgqr cgknqjh vkSj R;kx dh vko';drk gksrh gS
mRrj% vkjksi cscqfu;kn gSaA eq>s dHkh dksbZ dkj.k crkvks lwpuk nh gh vkSj esjs vanj fuf'pr :i ls bruh izfrc)rk ugha gSA eSa jk"Vª ;k jk"Vª
ugha xbZA gka] eq>s jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds yksxksa dh vlfg".kqrk] ftlesa dh lhekvksa dh vo/kkj.kk dks ugha ekurk gwa D;ksafd bUgksaus Hkh tkfr o /keZ
fojks/k ;k vlgefr cjnk'r ugha gS] ds dkj.k fudkyk x;kA jk"Vªh; dh rjg yksxksa dks d`f=e :i ls ckaVus dk dke fd;k gSA vr% eSa ns'knzksgh
Lo;alsod la?k dh 'kk[kk,a rks lfdz;rk ls ifjlj ij yx jgh gSaA jk"Vªh; ;k ns'kHkDr ugha gks ldrkA eSa jk"Vªoknh ugha gwa] eSa czãk.Moknh gwaA
Lo;alsod la?k dk ,d O;fDr tks fdlh vf/kdkfjd in ij ugha gS iz'u% vki <kbZ o"kksZa ls Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw
ifjlj esa Nk=ksa ds chp fcuk jksd&Vksd la?k dh fopkj /kkjk dk fo'ofo|ky; esa i<+k jgs gSaA vkids fy, leL;k dh 'kq#vkr dc gqbZ\
izpkj&izlkj dj jgk gSA ifjlj ij ,d ?kj ds ckgj oh.kk ik.Ms; us mRrj% dsUnz esa 2014 esa Hkktik dh ljdkj cuus ds ckn gh fdlh us ekuo
Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds >aMs dh i`"BHkwfe esa viuh uke iV~Vh yxk j[kh lalk/ku ea=h Le`fr bZjkuh ls esjh f'kdk;r dhA fiNys o"kZ tc
gSA fo'ofo|ky; ls 40 lafonk dfeZ;ksa dks fudkyk x;k vkSj 24 vxLr ls 3
iz'u% D;k Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; us flrEcj] 2015 rd fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; }kj ij pys /kjus esa eSa 'kkfey
vkids Åij yxs vkjksiksa dks ysdj vkils dksbZ lQkbZ ekaxh\ gqvk rks dqyifr eq>ls dkQh ukjkt gks x, vkSj mUgksaus /kedh nh fd os
mRrj% eq>s viuk i{k j[kus dk ekSdk gh ugha fn;k x;kA eq>s 6 tuojh] esjk ifjlj esa ?kqluk can djok nsaxsA QSdYVh ekeyksa ds Mhu /kuat;
2016 dks ,d i= ds ek/;e ls esjh lsok,a lekIr djus dh lwpuk nh ik.Ms; us fcuk esjk uke fy, ,d vf/kdkfjd cSBd esa dgk fd tu yksxksa
xbZA blesa dksbZ dkj.k ugha crk;k x;k FkkA Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku dks tsy esa gksuk pkfg, os Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku esa foft+fVax
ds funs'kd izksQslj jktho laxy ls eq>s ekywe gqvk fd eq>s fudkys tkus QSdYVh cus gq, gSaA tc eSa 12 ls 17 fnlEcj] 2015 vkWfLVª;k esa
(107) (108)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
,tqds'kuy VsfLVax lfoZl] fizalVu }kjk izk;ksftr *lkYt+cxZ Xykscy xSj&cjkcjh dk v/;;u ,d dsUnzh; fo"k; FkkA 'kS{kf.kd l= 2014&15
lsfeukj* esa x;k rks fcuk dksbZ dkj.k crk, esjk oht+k 'kqYd dh izfriwfrZ esa ekpZ 2015 esa esjh d{kk esa ch-ch-lh- }kjk fuHkZ;k dkaM ij fufeZr fQYe
gsrq vkosnu mUgksaus fujLr dj fn;kA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds yksx eq>s fn[kkbZ tkuh FkhA fQYe dks fn[kkus ds ihNs mn~ns'; Fkk fd efgykvksa ds
fo'ofo|ky; ls fudkyus dk ekSdk <wa<+ gh jgs FksA dqN fnuksa igys esjs f[kykQ gksus okyh fgalk ij [kqydj ppkZ gks ldsA esjk ekuuk gS bl
f[kykQ cscqfu;kn vkjksiksa ds vk/kkj ij ,d lekpkj okjk.klh ds ,d rjg dh lkexzh dks nckus ls leL;k gy ugha gksxh cfYd ;kSu 'kks"k.k dh
LFkkuh; iksVZy ij Mkyk x;kA bl [kcj dks esjs fudkys tkus dk vk/kkj ?kVuk,a gksrh jgsaxhA ml ij ckrphr dj gh mldk gy fudkyk tk
cuk;k x;kA ldrk gSA fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; izkWDVj o yadk Fkkus ds Fkkuk/;{k ds
iz'u% vki Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa dkSu vkus ds ckn d{kk ls igys gh fQYe u fn[kkus dk fu.kZ; fy;k tk pqdk
ls fo"k; ;k dkslZ i<+k jgs Fks\ D;k vkius dksbZ u;k dkslZ 'kq: fd;k Fkk\ FkkA fdarq ,d vU; MkWD;wes.Vjh fn[kk dj lekt esa efgykvksa ds f[kykQ
bl dkslZ dh izd`fr D;k Fkh\ D;k ;g Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku }kjk gksus okyh fgalk ij ppkZ gqbZA eq[; izkWDVj d{kk jn~n djkuk pkgrs Fks tks
Lohd`r fd;k x;k Fkk\ D;k laLFkku }kjk dksbZ vkifRr dh xbZ Fkh ;k eSaus ugha dh D;ksafd Hkkjr ljdkj us efgykvksa ds lkFk fgalk ij ppkZ
dkslZ Lohd`r djrs le; dksbZ 'krZ j[kh xbZ Fkh\ djus ij dksbZ jksd ugha yxkbZ FkhA
mRrj% eSaus jklk;fud o ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkxksa esa foft+fVax iz'u% vkius viuh vfHk;kaf=dh dh i<+kbZ dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls
QSdYVh ds :i esa vxLr 2013 esa lsok 'kq: dh FkhA tks dkslZ eq>s i<+kus dhA vkt vkSj vius Nk= thou ds fnuksa esa vki D;k varj ns[krs gSa \
ds fy, fn, x, os Fks daVªksy flLVe] izkWlsl baLVªwes.Vs'ku] fodkl mRrj% eSaus dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls 1982&86 ds nkSjku ch-Vsd-
v/;;u o ekuo ewY;A fodkl v/;;u cdk;nk laLFkku dh r; izfdz;k fd;k FkkA rc lkekftd vkSj i;kZoj.k ds eqn~nksa ij bruh ppkZ ugha gksrh
}kjk ch-Vsd- r`rh; o"kZ ds Nk=ksa gsrq vfuok;Z ekuohdh dkslZ esa ,d Fkh ysfdu vkt izkS|ksfxdh lapkfyr fodkl ls gekjh ldy ?kjsyw
fodYi ds rkSj ij Lohd`r gqvk FkkA esjs Åij dksbZ 'krZ ugha yxkbZ xbZ mRikn dh fodkl nj rks cgqr vPNh gks xbZ gS fdarq gekjs lkekftd vkSj
FkhA bl dkslZ esa Nk=ksa dks djus ds fy, dqN dke fn, x, Fks ftlls LokLF; ekud vQzhdk ds dqN ns'kksa ds cjkcj ;k muls Hkh [kjkc gSaA bu
lkekftd fo"k;ksa ds ckjs esa mudh le> c<+sA mUgsa vius ls eqn~nksa ij Nk=ksa dh laosnu'khyrk t:jh gSA ;gh otg gS fd eq>s ;gka
lkekftd&vkfFkZd n`f"V ls detksj ,d ifjokj dks pqu dj mlds lkFk fodkl v/;;u dkslZ i<+kus dh vuqefr feyhA dbZ Nk=ksa o izksQsljksa dks
lEca/k LFkkfir djuk Fkk o mldh dksbZ ,d leL;k gy djuh FkkA esjh ,sls dkslZ dk egro le> esa vkrk gSA lkEiznkf;d jktuhfr dh otg ls
lHkh d{kkvksa esa] ;gka rd fd vfHk;kaf=dh okyh esa Hkh] Nk=ksa dks lwpuk ds tSls lekt esa vlfg".kqrk c<+h gS mlh rjg 'kS{kf.kd ifjljksa esa Hkh c<+h
vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e 2005 dj bLrseky djuk fl[kk;k tkrk FkkA gSA
iz'u% Nk=ksa dks fuHkZ;k ij cuh izfrcaf/kr fQYe fn[kkus dk mn~ns'; D;k iz'u% vki igys Hkh dbZ txg] ftlesa vejhdk Hkh 'kkfey gS] i<+ o i<+k
Fkk\ D;k ;g ml dkslZ dk fgLlk Fkh tks vkius 'kq: fd;k Fkk\ pqds gSaA D;k igys Hkh dHkh ,slh leL;k vkbZ\
mRrj% fodkl v/;;u dkslZ esa oxZ] tkfr] fyax] vkfn vk/kkfjr mRrj% tc eSaus igyh ckj 1992 o 1993 ds nSjku Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh
(109) (110)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
laLFkku] dkuiqj esa i<+k;k rks ogka iz'kklu ds lkFk esjs dbZ erHksn [kM+s }kjk iz;ksftr fdlh Hkh 'kks/k dk cfg"dkj djrs Fks] vejhdk }kjk bZjkd
gks x,A eSaus Nk=ksa dk ewY;kadu fcuk ijh{kk fy, ,d ,d djds ij ;q) ds f[kykQ izn'kZu esa Hkkx ysrsA fo'ofo|ky; ifjlj rks gksrs gSa
izfrLi/kkZfoghu fof/k ls fd;k vkSj nSfud etnwjh ij dke djus okys fopkjksa ds eqDr vknku&iznku ds fy,A ;fn vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk ij
etnwjksa dh lgdkjh lfefr }kjk Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku esa Bsdsnkjh vadq'k yxsxk rks fo'ofo|ky; ls ,sls yksx i<+ dk fudysaxs ftuds ikl
izFkk ds f[kykQ vk;ksftr vu'ku esa Hkkx fy;kA eSaus 1992 esa ckcjh dkxt ds VqdM+s ds :i esa fMxzh rks gksxh fdarq os ekuoh; laosnuk 'kwU;
efLtd /oal ds i'pkr Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds Nk=ksa ds lkFk gksaxsA
feydj lkEiznkf;drk ds f[kykQ uqDdM+ ukVdksa dk eapu fd;k o naxk iz'u% vki ,d jktuhfrd ny ls tqM+s gq, gSa\
ihfM+rksa ds fy, jkgr dk;Z fd;kA dkuiqj ftyk iz'kklu us eq>ls
mRrj% eSa lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ¼bf.M;k½ dk mik/;{k gwaA vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso tks
dkuiqj ds rhu laosnu'khy bykdksa esa bu ukVdksa dk eapu djus dks
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr jgs pqds gSa lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ds igys
dgkA Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds iz'kklu us esjh xfrfof/k;ksa dks
v/;{k FksA ge ewY; vk/kkfjr jktuhfr dh ijEijk dks vkxs c<+k jgs gSaA
ns[krs gq, eq>s psrkouh nh fd eSa [kqn dks flQZ f'k{k.k o 'kks/k dk;ksZa rd
ge bl ns'k esa Hkz"V&voljoknh&ifrr jktuhfr dk fodYi [kM+k djuk
gh lhfer j[kwa vkSj eq>s lq/kjus ds fy, ,d lesLVj dk le; nsdj esjk
pkgrs gSaA
vuqca/k fnlEcj 1993 ls vkxs u c<+kus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA ;g flQZ
,dek= volj Fkk tc fdlh vdknfed iz'kklu ls eq>s fnDdr >syuh
iM+hA U;w ;kWdZ VkbEl esa vkfr'k rklhj dk ys[k
iz'u% D;k fo'ofo|ky; ifjljksa ij vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk ij fdlh Hkkjr o fo'o esa jktuhfr] laLd`fr o fopkj
fdLe dk vadq'k yxuk pkfg,\ Hkkjrh; fo'ofo|ky;ksa ij nf{k.kiaFkh geyk
mRrj% fo'ofo|ky; ifjljksa ij vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk ij fdlh fdLe okjk.klh] Hkkjr & eSa lanhi ik.Ms; ls muds dk'kh fgUnw
dk vadq'k ugha yxuk pkfg,A gky gh esa U;w ;kWdZ ds dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; ds ,d iz[;kr rduhdh laLFkku esa foft+fVax izksQslj in
fo'ofo|ky; esa ,d Nk=k] tks cykRdkj ihfM+rk Fkh] ,d dyk izksQslj ls gVk, tkus ds ckn feykA ge fo'ofo|ky; ifjlj ij ,d fojku ls
ds lq>ko ij ifjlj ij fo'ofo|ky; iz'kklu ls nks"kh Nk= ds f[kykQ foJke x`g esa feysA ik.Ms; ,d yEch jsy ;k=k iwjh dj igqaps FksA vius
dk;Zokgh dh ekax gsrq ,d xn~nk ysdj pyrh FkhA ;g xn~nk mlds cks> f'kdu;qDr dqrsZ&itkes o jcj dh pIiyksa esa mudh rLohj ,d iqjkus
dk izrhd Hkh FkkA mls fo'ofo|ky; ds nh{kkar lekjksg esa eap ij ;g okeiaFkh dh yx jgh FkhA
xn~nk ys tkus dh NwV nh xbZA nks"kh Nk= us fo'ofo|ky; ds f[kykQ mUgsa fudkyus dh ;gh otg FkhA mUgksaus dgk] *fopkj/kkjk dh
ekugkfu dk eqdnek fd;k D;ksafd mls Hkh mlh nh{kkar lekjksg esa fMxzh n`f"V ls tks yksx lRrk esa gSa eSa muds foijhr Nksj ij gwaA ;s yksx u flQZ
feyhA blds foijhr vius fo'ofo|ky;ksa esa vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk fojks/k cjnk'r ugha dj ldrs cfYd vlgefr Hkh bUgsa eatwj ughaA os
ckf/kr dh tkrh gSA eSaus dSfyQksfuZ;k fo'ofo|ky;] cdZys ifjlj ij pkgrs gSa tks Hkh muls vlger gks og ifjlj ls ckgj gks tk,A ik.Ms;
ns[kk gS fo|qrh; vfHk;kaf=dh ds izksQslj izoh.k ojS;k dks] tks j{kk foHkkx
(111) (112)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
dk ladsr iz/kku ea=h ujsUnz eksnh dh Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh vksj Fkk vkSj ;g ik.Ms; ds gVk, tkus dh i`"BHkwfe gSA muds u, izeq[k fxjh'k pUnz
[kkldj mldh oSpkfjd izsj.kklzksr jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh rjQA f=ikBh jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds vkneh gSaA ujsUnz eksnh ds pquko ds ckn
,d fgUnw jk"Vªoknh laxBu jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dks egkRek xka/kh ds f'k{kk ea=h us mudh fu;qfDr djokbZA dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds ,d
Lok/khurk vkanksyu ds 'kfDr vk/kkfjr fodYi ds :i esa 1925 esa [kM+k izksQslj us viuk uke xksiuh; j[kus dh 'krZ ij f=ikBh dks *v;ksX;
fd;k x;k FkkA ,MkWYQ fgVyj bl laxBu ds izsj.kk lzksr Fks o 1948 esa vdknfed Bx]* crk;k ¼og igys vFkZ'kkL= ds izksQslj jg pqds gSa½A
egkRek xka/kh dh gR;k ds fy, mdlkus dk vizR;{k :i ls bls nks"kh u, dqyifr us vkrs gh ik.Ms; dks fu'kkuk cuk;kA ik.Ms; us
ekuk tkrk gSA Hkktik o jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds fj'rs ges'kk lgt dgk *lc dqN lkft'k ds rgr fd;k x;kA* igys ,d Nk= us mu ij
ugha jgsA la?k ds fgUnw 'kq)rk ds dkYifud fopkj o reke rjg ds vkjksi yxk,A fQj ,d LFkkuh; osclkbV us ,d QthZ [kcj Nki dk
iwokZxzgksa ds dkj.k og Hkjrh; jktuhfrd ifjn`'; dh gdhdr ls mUgsa ,d l'kL= xqfjYyk laxBu dk lnL; crk;k ¼ik.Ms;] ,d
[krjukd <ax ls vufHkK gSA tc Hkktik dks pquko thruk gksrk gS rks xka/khoknh ds :i esa fgalk dk fojks/k djrs gSa½A blds rqjar ckn rduhdh
og jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds lkaLd`frd dk;Zdze ls nwjh cuk ysrh gSA laLFkku ds lapkyd e.My us f=ikBh dh laLrqfr ij ik.Ms; dks
2014 ds vke pquko izpkj dk jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls dksbZ fudkyus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA og blh fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk= jgs gSa o
fo'ks"k ysuk nsuk ugha Fkk] og ujsUnz eksnh ds O;fDrRo o muds fodkl ds mUgksaus dSfyQksfuZ;k fo'ofo|ky;] cdZys ls ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh dh
ok;ns ij dsfUnzr FkkA fdarq jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k mls ,sls ugha ns[krkA i<+kbZ dh gSA mUgsa lkekftd dk;Z ds fy, iqjLdkj Hkh feyk gSA ysfdu
tSlh ifj;ksa dh dgkuh esa ckSuk gksrk gS] og ftls mlus lRrk esa igqapk;k bl lcls dksbZ QdZ ugha iM+kA mUgsa ,d ekg dk le; fo'ofo|ky;
mlls viuh dher olwy ysuk pkgrk gSA _.k vnk;xh gsrq og f'k{kk NksM+us ds fy, fn;k x;kA eSaus lkspk eq>s dqyifr ls Hkh ckr djuh
ij fu;a=.k pkgrk gSA [kkldj og fo'ofo|ky;ksa ds 'kh"kZ ij vius yksx pkfg,A os 'kgj esa ugha Fks fdarq Qksu ij ckr gqbZA *lanhi ik.Ms;* dk uke
pkgrk gS tks mu okeiafFk;ksa ls cnyk ys ldsa ftudk vHkh rd ckSf)d lqurs gh NwV iM+sA mUgksaus eq>s crk;k fd ik.Ms; us rks d'ehj ds Hkkjr
opZLo jgk gS vkSj tks mls gs; n`f"V ls ns[krs jgs gSaA ds vfHkUu vax gksus ij gh loky [kM+k dj fn;k vkSj mUgksaus
,d iz[;kr fQYe laLFkku esa Nk= ml v/;{k dh fu;qfDr ds fQfl;ksFksjsih dh Nk=k T;ksfr flag ds lkFk 2012 esa ubZ fnYyh esa ?kfVr
f[kykQ izn'kZu dj jgs gSa ftldh ;ksX;rk flQZ ;g gS fd og jk"Vªh; u`'kal lkewfgd cykRdkj ,oa gR;k dkaM ij cuh izfrcaf/kr fQYe
Lo;alsod la?k ds dk;Zdze dks vkxs c<+kus ds fy, rRij gSA la?k lewg ds *bf.M;kt+ MkWVj* fn[kkus dh dksf'k'k dhA
yksx f'k{kk ea=h ls feydj f'k{kk uhfr dks fn'kk nsuk pkgrs gSa] [kkldj mudh ckrksa ls eSa 'kk;n T;knk pfdr u gqvk gksÅaxkA fQj
ftu jkT;ksa esa Hkktik lRrk esa gS os ,sls v;ksX; yksxksa ds uke vkxs c<+k jgs mUgksaus rjhdk cnykA ;g tkudj fd eSa ,d vejhdh v[kckj ds fy,
gSa tks ikB~; iqLrd dh fo"k; oLrq o ikB~;dze r; djsaxsA og Hkkjrh; fy[krk gwa] mUgksaus iwNk] *crkb,] ;fn vki vejhdk esa izksQslj gSa rks D;k
bfrgkl 'kks/k ifj"kn tSls lkaLd`frd laLFkkuksa esa Hkh ,sls yksxksa dks 'kh"kZ vki vejhdh ljdkj dh vkykspuk dj ldrs gSa\* eSaus dgk gkaA mUgksaus
ij cSBk jgh gS tks mlds fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus okys gSaA iqu% dksf'k'k dhA os dM+d dj cksys] *vejhdk esa ,d izksQslj ds :i esa
D;k vki vejhdh fgrksa ds f[kykQ i<+k ldrs gSa\* eq>s ;kn vk;k ,d
(113) (114)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
izksQslj ,egLVZ dkyst dk] tgka eSaus i<+kbZ dh] ftlus tkWtZ cq'k dh dk;ksZa ds fy, ns'knzksgh gksus dk vkjksi yxk;kA fo'ofo|ky; us mlds
rqyuk vkslkek fcu yknsu ls dh FkhA eSaus dgk] *gks ldrk gSA* rc os Åij lkoZtfud txgksa ij izfrca/k yxk fn;kA blh ekg 'kq: esa mlus
>Yyk dj cksys] *;s vejhdk esa gks ldrk gksxk] fdarq Hkkjr esa ugha gks vkRegR;k dj yhA
ldrkA* jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k eksnh ds fy, ennxkj gksus ds ctk,
esjk ,d vkf[kjh loky FkkA eSaus dqyifr dks gky esa leL;k [kM+h djus okyk jgk gSA og eksnh ljdkj ds fodkl ds ok;ns dh
fo'ofo|ky; ds lkS lky iwjk gksus ij ,d /kkfeZd dk;Zdze esa ns[kk Fkk txg f'k{kk txr esa vius mxz lkaLd`frd fopkj Fkksiuk pkgrk gSA ;fn
tgka iqtkjh nkok dj jgs Fks fd Hkkjr ds ikl fdlh vU; dh dks[k esa Hkzw.k eksnh us mUgsa ekSdk fn;k rks os eksnh dks nQuk nsaxsA os eksnh ds O;kid
ds iks"k.k ds foKku dh tkudkjh FkhA iqtkjh us dgk fd] *gtkjksa o"kZ dh leFkZu dks dqN yksxksa dh vlqj{kk esa rCnhy dj nsaxsA bldk ifj.kke
xqykeh esa ge og lc Kku Hkwy x,A ;k ge og Hkwyus dks etcwj gq,A* gksxk fd Hkkjr tSls fo'kky fopkj dks os viwfrZuh; {kfr igqapk,axsA
ik.Ms;] tks foKku ds Nk= jgs gSa us crk;k Fkk fd dqyifr Hkh
blh iqtkjh dh rjg lkspus okys lewg dk fgLlk gSa tks ;g Hkh ekurs gSa *n fgUnw* ds mej jkf'kn }kjk fy;k x;k lk{kkRdkj
fd Hkkjr ds ikl gokbZ tgkt vkSj iz{ksikL= Hkh FksA
iz'u% tcls Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ lRrk esa vkbZ gS rcls cM+h vklkuh ls
eq>s dqyifr ls iwNuk iM+k] *D;k] dqyifr okLro esa ,slk ekurs ns'knzksgh 'kCn dk bLrseky gj fdlh ,sls O;fDr ds fy, fd;k tk jgk gS
gSa\ mUgksaus cpko dh eqnzk esa dgk] *eSa vHkh Hkh ;gh dg jgk gwaA* eSa mUgsa tks 'kkld ny ls lger u gksA vkidh csnkx vdknfed i`"BHkwfe gSA
bl ckr dks le>kus ds fy, dgkA mUgksaus dgk fd ;g ckrsa Qksu ij ugha Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds lapkyd
gks ldrhaA os eq>s bu ckrksa dk izek.k fn[kk,axsA blds ckn Qksu dV e.My us vkids f'k{k.k dks jk"Vªfgr ds fojks/k esa ,oa vkidks uDlyoknh
x;kA D;ksa crk;k\
leL;k flQZ ;g ugha fd dqyifr nf{k.kiaFkh gSaA os vius in ds mRrj% jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k tks Hkktik ljdkj dks fu;af=r djrh gS
fy, v;ksX; Hkh gSaA ;g blls igys bruh lkQ ugha Fkh tks mudh ,d ,d Qklhoknh laxBu gS] fdlh vkSj fopkj/kkjk dks cjnk'r ugha dj
'kS{kf.kd laLFkku esa erHksn ds egRo dks le> ikus esa iwjh ukdkeh ls ldrhA esjh ifjlj ij mifLFkfr mudks [kVd jgh Fkh D;ksafd eSa ifjlj
lkfcr gks x;kA ij ,d *vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso ppkZ@fQYe Ja[kyk* dk lapkyu djrk Fkk
ik.Ms; us iwjk thou Hkkjr ds ,sls yksxksa ds fy, yxk;k gS ftlesa xSj cjkcjh] vU;k;] i;kZoj.k dks [krjs vkfn eqn~nksa ij dk;Zdze
ftudh dksbZ vkokt ugha gSA ;g muds lkFk 'kjkjr dh xbZ fd muds gksrs Fks ftlesa dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds Nk=ksa dh lfdz; Hkkxhnkjh
Åij ns'knzksg dk vkjksi yxk dj mUgsa gVk;k x;kA vktdy jk"Vªh; gksrh Fkh o eSa izR;{k ;k Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds ^fodkl v/;;u^
Lo;alsod la?k vkSj mlds lg;ksfx;ksa }kjk bldk dkQh mnkjrk ls d{kk ds Nk=ksa ds ek/;e ls vizR;{k rjhds ls lkekftd gLr{ksi dj jgk
bLrseky fd;k tk jgkA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dh Nk= bdkbZ us FkkA gesa ifjlj ds cxy ds xkao lqlqokgh esa ,d lQyrk feyh tc ,d
gSnjkckn fo'ofo|ky; esa ,d 26 o"khZ; nfyr Nk= ij mlds lkekftd eqlgj cLrh ftldks pkjksa rjQ fuekZ.k djkdj ?ksjus dh rS;kjh Fkh rd
(115) (116)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
tkus ds fy, iz'kklu dh enn ls ,d jkLrk [kqyok;k x;kA jk"Vªh; HkwriwoZ Nk= Hkh jgs gSaA
Lo;alsod la?k ls tqM+s dqyifr dks eq>s fudkyus ds fy, ,d cgkuk mRrj% dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa 1982&86 ds nkSjku tc eSa Nk= Fkk
pkfg, Fkk vkSj og mUgsa ,d jktuhfr 'kkL= ds Nk= }kjk] tks esjh fdlh rc ls ckSf)d Lora=rk gsrq txg ladqfpr gqbZ gS vkSj Hkktik ds vkus ls
d{kk esa ugha Fkk] esjh f'kdk;r ds :i esa feykA rks blesa vkSj rsth ls fxjkoV vkbZ gSA Hkktik o jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k
iz'u% 2012 esa fnYyh lkewfgd cykRdkj dkaM ij izfrcaf/kr fQYe dks ls tqM+s yksx ;gka dksbZ Hkh xfrfof/k dj ldrs gSa ysfdu vU; dksbZ ughaA
ifjlj ij fn[kkus o lafonk deZpkfj;ksa ds jkstxkj ds vf/kdkj gsrq fo'ofo|ky; esa tSlk izxfr'khy ekgkSy gksuk pkfg, og ;gka unkjn gSA
izn'kZu esa 'kkfey gksus ls vki iz'kklu dh vka[kksa dh fdjfdjh cu x,A iz'u% vkids fy, leFkZu tqV jgk gSA ;gka ls fudkys tkus ds ckn vkius
vkidh fVIi.khA ifjlj ij vkdj viuk fojks/k izn'kZu fd;k vkSj p[kkZ Hkh pyk;kA vki
mRrj% esjk ekuuk gS fd tc rd efgykvksa ds f[kykQ ;kSfud fgalk ij fdl fopkj/kkjk ls tqM+s gSa\ fo'ofo|ky; ds vf/kdkjh vukSipkfjd :i
lekt esa [kqydj cgl ugha gksxh rc rd ;g leL;k cuh jgsxhA ls dgrs gSa fd vki ifjlj ij okeiaFkh fopkj/kkjk dks c<+kok ns jgs FksA
*bf.M;kt+ MkWVj* dks fn[kkus o mlds fyad dks lk>k djus ds ihNs ;gh mRrj% eSa fopkj vkSj deZ ls xka/khoknh gwaA eq>s okeiaFk ls tksM+ fn;k tkrk
lksp FkhA bl fQYe dks fn[kkus ls dksbZ dkuwu o O;oLFkk dh leL;k ugha gS D;ksafd iwjs jktuhfrd iVy ij flQZ okeiaFkh gh gSa tks xjhcksa ds eqn~ns
[kM+h gksrh vkSj u gh ns'k dh lqj{kk dks dksbZ [krjk [kM+k gksrkA eSa mu 40 mBkrs gSa ,oa muds lkFk dke djrs gSaA esjk dke Hkh lekt ds detksj
deZpkfj;ksa ds leFkZu esa x;k tc mUgsa fcuk dkj.k crk, fo'ofo|ky; us lkekftd&vkfFkZd i`"BHkwfe ds yksxksa ds lkFk gSA ;g ,d lrgh le> gS
fudky fn;k vkSj os dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[; }kj ij vu'ku fd tks Hkh xjhcksa ds l'kfDrdj.k dh ckr djs mls uDlyoknh crk nksA
ij cSBs FksA blesa ls dqN nl o"kksZa ls Hkh T;knk le; ls dke dj jgs FksA
iz'u% vki ;g yM+kbZ dgka rd yM+saxs\ D;k vki dk'kh fgUnw
muds ifjokjksa dh vkthfodk ladV esa iM+ xbZ FkhA eSaus tc dqyifr ls
fo'ofo|ky; ds f[kykQ dkuwuh dk;Zokgh djsaxs\
Qksu ij ckr dh rks mUgksaus dgk fd os bu ifjokjksa ds fy, ftEesnkj ugha
gSa vkSj eq>s bl ekeys esa gLr{ksi ugha djuk pkfg,A mUgksaus eq>ls ;g Hkh mRrj% eSa izkjEHk esa U;k;ky; dh 'kj.k esa ugha tkus dh lksp jgk Fkk pwafd
dgk fd ;fn eSa t;izdk'k ukjk;.k cuuk pkgrk gwa rks eq>s ukSdjh NksM+ esjh fu;qfDr lafonk ij FkhA fdarq tc eq>s le> esa vk;k fd eq>s ,d
;g dke djuk pkfg,A eq>s yxrk gS mlh oDr mUgksaus eq>s fudkyus dk lkft'k ds rgr eux<+ar f'kdk;r ij fcuk tkap fd, fudky fn;k x;k
fu.kZ; ys fy;k FkkA fdarq eq>s vius fdlh Hkh fu.kZ; ij vQlksl ugha gS gS rks eSaus mPp U;k;ky; tkus dk eu cuk;k gSA lkEiznkf;d&Qklhokn
vkSj eSa vius }kjk yh xbZ lHkh Hkwfedkvksa ij dk;e gwaA ds f[kykQ cM+h yM+kbZ rks lekt esa yM+h gh tk,xhA ge v;ks/;k esa ,d
loZ /keZ ln~Hkko dsUnz cukus tk jgs gSa] tks Hkfo"; ds /kkfeZd LFkkuksa dk
iz'u% bl o"kZ dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds lkS o"kZ iwjs gks jgs gSaA Hkktik
,d uewuk gksxk] ftlesa fdlh Hkh /keZ dks ekuus okys dk] ;gka rd fd
ds lRrk esa vkus ds ckn ls vki bl fo'ofo|ky; esa ckSf)d Lora=rk dh
ukfLrd dk Hkh] Lokxr gksxk vkSj yksx ,d nwljs ds /keZ ds izfr vknj
fLFkfr ds ckjs esa D;k dgsaxs\ fiNys rhu lkyksa esa tc ls vki ;gka i<+k jgs
Hkko j[ksaxsA ;g vk/kqfud ;wjksi dh rjg gksxk tgka ns'kksa dh lhek,a vc
gSa ;gka dk vdknfed ekgkSy [kjkc ;k vPNk gqvk gS\ vki laLFkku ds
yksxksa dks ckaVus dk dke ugha djrhaA
(117) (118)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
iz'u% fo'ofo|ky; dk dguk gS fd ;g mldk vf/kdkj gS fd og Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ls tqM+s gq, gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy, Kku izdk'k feJ
vkidk vuqca/k lekIr dj ldrh gS vkSj vki izpkj ikus ds fy, gh dh gky esa i=dkfjrk ,oa tu lapkj foHkkx esa fu;qfDr ekudksa dks
eqn~nk mBk jgs gSaA vkids f[kykQ ;g Hkh vkjksi fd vki f'k{k.k dh vkM+ njfdukj dj ek= eqjyh euksgj tks'kh ls mudh fudVrk ds dkj.k gqbZ
esa ,d fo'ks"k jktuhfrd fopkj/kkjk dks c<+kok ns jgs FksA vkidk tokcA gSA
mRrj% eSa Hkh dqyifr ij vkjksi yxk ldrk gwa fd ftl rjg eq>s iz'u% vkidk dguk gS fd vkids f[kykQ dk;Zokgh ek= ,d Nk= tks
fudkyk x;k gS os Hkh jktuhfr dj jgs gSaA esjh ^fodkl v/;;u^ d{kk esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn ls tqM+k gqvk gS dh f'kdk;r ij gqbZA
vFkok *vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso ppkZ@fQYe Ja[kyk* ds varxZr ftu fo"k;ksa ij bldh D;k i`"BHkwfe gS\ mlus D;k vkjksi yxk, gSa\ vkidk Li"Vhdj.k
ppkZ gqbZ og xka/khoknh&lektoknh utfj, ls gqbZA vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso] tks D;k gS\
,d iz[;kr ckS) fo}ku] ,d o`gn ân; okys balku o rhu mRrj% f'kdk;rdrkZ vfouk'k dqekj ik.Ms;] ,e-,- f}rh; o"kZ dk Nk=
fo'ofo|ky;ksa] ftuesa dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; Hkh 'kkfey jgk] ds vius Qslcqd ij nkok djrk gS fd og jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds lkFk
dqyifr jg pqds Fks] lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ds igys v/;{k Hkh FksA eSa lkekftd dk;Z djrk gSA vU; gkL;kLin phtksa ds vykok mlus vkjksi
xka/khoknh&lektoknh fopkj/kkjkvksa ds okgd ds :i esa dke dj jgk Fkk yxk;k gS fd *MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; ds fodkl v/;;u dkslZ esa d{kk esa
vkSj eSaus tks Hkh fd;k og Hkkjr ds lafo/kku ds ewY;ksa ds vkyksd esa gh FkkA mifLFkfr ugha ntZ dh tkrh] d{kk esa cSBuk vfuok;Z ugha gS vkSj dksbZ
esjs f[kykQ uDlyoknh ;k ns'knzksgh gksus ds vkjksi vk/kkjghu gSaA ijh{kk ugha gksrh fQj Hkh lHkh Nk=ksa dks , xzsM fey tkrk gS fcuk ijh{kk
iz'u% vkius fo'ofo|ky; dk Hkxokdj.k gksus dk vkjksi yxk;k gS vkSj fn,A* blds tokc esa eSa ;g dguk pkgrk gwa fd eSaus viuh gjsd d{kk
dgk gS fd xq.koRrk ds lkFk le>kSrk dj mu yksxksa dks nkf[kyk fn;k i<+kbZ gS ftldh iqf"V dh tk ldrh gSA eSaus laLFkku ds funs'kd ls
tk jgk gS tks ,d [kkl fopkj/kkjk ;k laxBu ls tqM+s gSaA vkius orZeku gkftjh o ijh{kk u ysus dh NwV ys j[kh FkhA eSaus ,d ,d djds
dqyifr dh fu;qfDr ij Hkh loky [kM+k fd;k gSA dk'kh fgUnw izfrLi/kkZfoghu fof/k ls ewY;kadu fd;k Fkk tks eSa bl laLFkku ls igys
fo'ofo|ky; ds lkFk D;k leL;k gS\ Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] xka/khuxj ,oa dkuiqj esa Hkh dj pqdk gwaA esjk
mRrj% fiNys dqyifr izksQslj ykyth flag Hkh dksbZ vPNs iz'kkld ugha vuqca/k lekIr gksus ls dqN fnuksa igys eq>s viuh ewY;kadu fof/k ij
Fks] fdarq de ls de ,d fo[;kr 'kks/kdrkZ FksA orZeku dqyifr fxjh'k izLrqfrdj.k gsrq 12 ls 17 fnlEcj] 2015 vkWfLVª;k esa ,tqds'kuy VsfLVax
pUnz f=ikBh nksuksa gh ugha gSaA mudh ,dek= ;ksX;rk mudh jk"Vªh; lfoZl] fizalVu] b.Vj&vesjhdu Msoysies.V cSad] okf'kaXVu Mh-lh-]
Lo;alsod la?k ls utnhdh gSA mUgsa ekuo lalk/ku ea=h Le`fr bZjkuh us vejhdk dk us'kuy lkbal QkÅaMs'ku o jkW;y lkslkbVh vkWQ vkVZ~l]
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds lapkyd y.Mu }kjk iz;ksftr *Nqih izfrHkk% D;k csgrj ewY;kadu o vkadM+s lekt
e.My ds v/;{k ds :i esa Fkksi fn;k tcfd mudk uke lapkyd e.My o lh[kus dh l`tukRedrk esa o`f) dj ldrs gSa\* fo"k; ij lkYt+cxZ
}kjk tks ikap ukeksa dh laLrqfr dh xbZ Fkh muesa ugha FkkA ,d v;ksX; Xykscy lsfeukj esa cqyk;k x;k FkkA tks Nk= viuk iwjk dke dj ysrs gSa
dqyifr v;ksX; yksxksa dh fu;qfDr dj jgk gS vkSj v;ksX; Nk=ksa dks mUgsa gh esjh d{kk esa , xzsM feyrk gSA 'ks"k dks de xzsM feyrs gSa] ftl
nkf[kyk ns jgk gS tks lHkh dze'k% jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k o vf[ky ckr dh iqf"V esjs rhu ckj i<+k, x, ^fodkl v/;;u^ dkslZ esa Nk=ksa dks
(119) (120)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
feys xzsMksa ls dh tk ldrh gSA ds fnekxksa dks izHkkfor dj muds ek/;e ls lekt dks fu;af=r dj lds
iz'u% vki fojks/k izn'kZuksa esa lfdz; jgrs gSa [kkldj dksdk dksyk ds vkSj jktuhfr esa nh?kZdky ds fy, mldh n[ky jgsA mldh xfrfof/k;ksa
fo#) o ekoukf/kdkjksa ds fy,A D;k vkidks vkidh fopkj/kkjk ds dkj.k ls ,d izfrxkeh lekt dh uhao iM+ jgh gS ftlesa Lora=rk] U;k;] cjkcjh
fu'kkuk cuk;k x;k D;ksafd O;oLFkk muds gkFk esa gS ftudh fojks/kh o ekuokf/kdkj tSls fopkjksa ds fo"k; esa dksbZ ijokg ugha gksxhA
fopkj/kkjk gS\ iz'u% vki lk/kkj.k dqrsZ&itkes esa jgrs gSa vkSj nw/k ugha ihrsA vius thou
mRrj% ;g rks cgqr lkQ gS fd ;gh dkj.k gSA ;g jkspd ckr gS fd esa ftu fodYiksa dk p;u fd;k gS ds ckjs esa crk,aA vius vkjfEHkd thou
Lokns'kh tkxj.k eap tks igys dksdk dksyk ds f[kykQ vkanksyu djrk ds ckjs esa crk,aA
Fkk vc ujsUnz eksnh dh ljdkj cuus ds ckn pwafd Li"V gS fd ljdkj mRrj% eSa ges'kk dqrkZ] itkek o gokbZ pIiy gh igurk gwa D;ksafd ;s eq>s
iwathokn ds i{k esa gS blfy, og 'kkar gks x;k gSA mRrj izns'k iznw"k.k lcls lqfo/kktud ifj/kku yxrk gSA eSa tc dSfyQksfuZ;k fo'ofo|ky;
fu;a=.k cksMZ ftlus 2014 esa esgnhxat dksdk dksyk la;a= dk ykblsal esa i<+ jgk Fkk rHkh ohxu] ;kuh tks fdlh Hkh izdkj ds tkuojksa ds mRikn
jn~n dj fn;k Fkk us vc mls la;a= pykus dh vuqefr ns nh gSA geus dk bLrseky ugha djrs] cu x;k Fkk D;ksafd ftu fopkjksa us eq>s ogka
vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso dh Le`fr esa dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls dk'kh izHkkfor fd;k mlesa i'kq vf/kdkj Hkh FkkA gykafd eSa vius ladIy dk
fo|kihB rd ujsUnz eksnh ljdkj }kjk Hkw&vf/kxzg.k vf/kfu;e esa fd, cgqr dBksj ikyu ugha djrkA eSa pk; ds lkFk nw/k ys ysrk gwa vkSj nwljksa
x, la'kks/ku ds lkFk NsM+&NkM+ djus ds iz;kl ds fojks/k esa ,d in;k=k }kjk fn;k x;k xSj [kknh dqrkZ itkek Hkh igu ysrk gwaA eSa NksVh nwjh
dk vk;kstu fd;k FkkA tkfgj gS bu xfrfof/k;ksa ls fo'ofo|ky; lkbfdy ls r; djrk gwa ysfdu t:jr iM+us ij eksVj o gokbZ tgkt
iz'kklu vlgt eglwl dj jgk gksxkA dk Hkh mi;ksx djrk gwaA dqy feykdj iz;kl ;g jgrk gS fd thou
iz'u% nfyr cqf)thoh jksfgr oseqyk dh e`R;q] xtsUnz pkSgku dh fQYe o i)fr ,slh gks tks de [kphZyh gks vkSj ftlesa de lalk/kuksa dk mi;ksx
VsyhfoT+ku baLVhV~;wV ds v/;{k cuk, tkus ij fookn] vkSj bl rjg ds gksA eSa viuk dke [kqn djuk ilan djrk gwa] mnkgj.k ds fy, vius
dbZ ekeys gSaA D;k vkidk fudkyk tkuk bUgha ?kVukvksa dh ,d dM+h gS\ izn'kZuksa esa ukjksa dh rf[r;ka eSa [kqn iksLVj dyj ls fy[krk gwaA eSa ,d
e/;e oxhZ; ifjokj esa c<+k&iyk] esjs firk jsyos ds vf/kdkjh Fks vkSj eSaus
mRrj% tSls jksfgr oseqyk ds lkFk ,d fQYe dk izn'kZu fookn dk fo"k;
dsUnzh; fo|ky; ls f'k{kk izkIr dhA lekt dh xSj cjkcjh o detksj ds
cuk oSlk gh esjs lkFk gqvkA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k dks *eqtQ~Qjuxj
f[kykQ fgalk eq>s fopfyr djrh Fkh ftlds ckjs esa eSa dqN djuk pkgrk
ckdh gS* vFkok *bf.M;kt+ MkWVj* tSlh fQYesa eatwj ugha gSaA xtsUnz
FkkA ftu egku O;fDr;ksa dk eq> ij izHkko iM+k os Fks egkRek xka/kh o
pkSgku] fxjh'k pUnz f=ikBh ;k vIik jko iksfMys] gSnjkckn dsUnzh;
xkSre cq)A
fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr] tks vc jksfgr oseqyk dh vkRegR;k ds ckn
NqV~Vh ij pys x, gSa] ds chp ,d pht leku gS og mudh jk"Vªh;
Lo;alsod la?k ;k Hkktik usrkvksa ls utnhdh gSA jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k
'kS{kf.kd ifjljksa ij ckjhdh ls izca/ku djuk pkgrk gS rkfd uotokuksa
(121) (122)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
ifjf'k"V 5 nwjh dks vkSj c<+k nsrh gSA vehj ifjokjksa ds cPpksa ds lkeus viuh ftanxh
lkexzh tks vafre o"kZ ch-Vsd-] jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh] ds dks csgrj cukus ds reke fodYi [kqy tkrs gSa rks xjhc ds cPPks dk
Nk=ksa ds lkFk *lsfeukj ,oa xzqi ppkZ* gsrq tqykbZ ls ftanxh Hkj 'kks"k.k gksrk jgrk gSA ftudks i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ ds vk/kkj ij
fnlEcj] 2015 ds nkSjku lk>k dh xbZ jkstxkj feyrk Hkh gS mlesa Åij ds inksa ij rks NBk osru vk;ksx vkus ds
ckn cgqr vPNh ru[okgsa feyus yxh gSa ysfdu uhps ds lkjs inksa ij vc
f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj dh mM+rh /kfTt;ka lafonk o vLFkkbZ HkfrZ;ka gh gks jgh gSaA cgqr lkjs dke vc Bsds ij djk,
tk jgs gSaA
Hkkjr esa fu'kqYd ,oa vfuok;Z f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj dkuwu ykxw gSA
fdarq f'k{kk u rks fu'kqYd gS vkSj u gh vfuok;ZA futh fo|ky;ksa esa rks iSls okys vius cPpksa dks Qhl okys fo|ky;ksa esa Hkstuk ilan
Qhl iM+rh gh gS] ljdkjh Hkh fdlh u fdlh cgkus dqN iSlk olwy gh djrs gSa] pwafd ,slh ekU;rk gS fd futh fo|kky;ksa esa i<+kbZ cf<+;k gksrh gS]
ysrs gSaA cgqr lkjs O;olkf;d izfr"Bkuksa esa dke djrs cPpksa dks ns[kdj ;gh yksx mPp f'k{kk ds fy, ljdkjh laLFkkuksa tSls Hkkjrh; izk|ksfxdh
dgk tk ldrk gS fd f'k{kk vfuok;Z rks fcYdqy ughaA foMEcuk ;g gS laLFkku ;k Hkkjrh; izca/k laLFkku esa tkuk ilan djrs gSa D;ksafd bl Lrj
fd dbZ cPps ljdkjh dk;kZy;ksa esa pk; igqapkrs ns[ks tk ldrs gSaA ij ekU;rk gS fd futh egkfo|kky;ksa ;k fo'ofo|ky;ksa esa xq.koRrk ugha
gSA blls lkQ gS fd xq.koRrk dk rkYyqd futh ;k ljdkjh ls ugha]
nqfu;k ds lHkh fodflr ns'kksa o dbZ fodkl'kkhy ns'kksa us Hkh
bPNk 'kfDr ls gSA ge ftls pkgsa mldh xq.koRrk lq/kkj nsa o ftldh
99&100 izfr'kr lk{kjrk dh njsa gkfly dj yh gSaA Hkkjr esa vk/ks cPps
pkgsa fxjus nsaA
fo|ky; Lrj dh i<+kbZ iwjh ugha dj ikrsA blesa ls vk/ks cky etnwjh ds
f'kdkj gSaA Hkkjr ftl pht dk lcls cM+k nks"kh gS og gS leku f'k{kk xjhc ifjokj vius cPpksa dks ljdkjh izkFkfed fo|ky;ksa esa
iz.kkyh vkSj mlds lkFk iM+ksl ds fo|ky; dh vo/kkj.kk dks ykxw u Hkstus ds fy, vfHk'kIr gS tgka i<+kbZ gh ugha gksrhA f'k{kk fo"kerk dks
djukA blds ek;us ;g gSa fd lHkh cPPkksa dks yxHkx ,d xq.koRrk okyh c<+k nsrh gSA xjhc dk cPpk ftls xq.koRrkiw.kZ f'k{kk ugha feyrh viuh
f'k{kk gkfly djus ds volj miyC/k u gksukA nqfu;k ds ftu ns'kksa us f'k{kk ds vk/kkj ij viuk fodkl Hkh ugha dj ldrkA blfy, T;knkrj
99 ;k 100 izfr'kr lk{kjrk dh nj gkfly dj yh gS mlesa cM+k ;ksxnku xjhcksa ds cPps f'k{kk O;oLFkk ls gh ckgj gks tkrs gSaA ukSdjh ds cktkj esa
bu vo/kkj.kkvksa dk gSA T;knkrj ns'kksa esa f'k{kk vkSj LokLF; lsok,a eqQ~r os vehjksa ds cPpksa ds lkeus fVd gh ugha ldrsA vaxzsth vkSj dEI;wVj dk
gSaA tc rd lHkh cPpksa ds fy, ,d tSlh f'k{kk O;oLFkk miyC/k ugha Kku bu cPpksa dks Li"V nks oxksZa esa foHkkftr dj lafo/kku esa fn, x,
gksxh rc rd ge lHkh dks f'kf{kr Hkh ugha cuk ldrsA lekurk ds vf/kdkj dk ek[kkSy mM+krk gSA bl rjg xjhc ds cPps dks
fo"kerk ds nq"pdz dks rksM+us dk ekSdk gh ugha feyrkA
Hkkjr esa vc nks rjg dh f'k{kk O;oLFkk,a gSa & ,d iSls okyksa ds
fy, tks vius cPpksa dks futh fo|ky;ksa esa i<+krs gSa rks nwljh xjhc yksxksa f'k{kk iwjh djus esa xjhcksa ds fy, cM+h ck/kk curk gS dqiks"k.kA
ds fy, tks vius cPps ljdkjh fo|ky; esa Hkstus ds fy, vfHk'kIr gSa tuojh 2013 esa iz/kku ea=h us ,d jiV tkjh djrs gq, dgk fd ;g
tgka i<+kbZ gh ugha gksrhA bl rjg Hkkjr esa f'k{kk vehj o xjhc ds chp jk"Vªh; 'keZ dk fo"k; gS Hkkjr esa vk/ks cPps dqiksf"kr gSaA vc ;fn iz/kku

(123) (124)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
ea=h gh f'kdk;r djus yxas rks lek/kku dkSu <wa<sxk\ ;g jktuhfrd o 2 lkekU; Js.kh ds gSa ftuds ifjokjksa dh okf"kZd vk; ,d yk[k #i, ls
bPNk 'kfDr dh deh dk Li"V izek.k gSA de gSA vU; fiNM+k oxZ ,oa lkekU; Js.kh ds tks 8 cPps gSa os vYila[;d
vejhdk tSls ?kksj iwathoknh ns'k esa fo|ky; Lrjh; f'k{kk iM+ksl eqfLye leqnk; ls gSaA ;kuh ls lHkh cPps oafpr lewgksa ls gSaA flVh
ds fo|ky; esa iwjh gksrh gS ftldk lapkyu LFkkuh; fudk; djrk gSA u ekaVsljh Ldwy us cPpksa dks nkf[kyk nsus ds ctk, U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk
flQZ fdlh fdLe dk 'kqYd ugha yxrk cfYd fdrkcsa] igukok vkSj ?kj nk;j djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA og cPPkksa dks nkf[kyk u nsus ds reke dkj.k
ls vkus&tkus ds fy, cl dk [kpZ Hkh fo|ky; gh ogu djrk gSA lcls fxuk jgk gSA igys rks og dg jgk gS fd mlds ikl txg dh deh gS
cM+h ckr gS fd lHkh cPpksa dks ,d tSlh f'k{kk miyC/k jgrh gSA D;ksafd mlus igys gh ftruh {kerk Fkh mrus nkf[kys ys fy, gSaA fQj og
loky dj jgk gS fd cPpksa ds ?kj ds ikl ,d ljdkjh izkFkfed fo|ky;
tks dke nqfu;k ds dbZ fodflr ,oa fodkl'khy ns'kksa us dj
o dqN futh fo|ky; Hkh gSa rks nkf[kys dk vkns'k flVh ekaVsljh Ldwy esa
fn[kk;k gS og nqfu;k dk lcls cM+k yksdra= D;ksa ugha dj jgk\
gh D;ksa fd;k x;k\
m-iz- ljdkj us fiNys o"kZ Hkh f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e ds
y[kuÅ esa 31 cPPkksa dk nkf[kyk f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj dh varxZr 25 izfr'kr xjhc ifjokjksa ds cPpksa gsrq vkj{k.k ds izko/kku dks
ijh{kk ykxw fd;k FkkA ;g ckr nwljh gS fd y[kuÅ esa blds rgr flQZ pkj
Hkkjr esa 1968 esa dksBkjh vk;ksx us leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh ,oa cPpksa dks gh nkf[kyk feyk FkkA mRrj izns'k ds gksf'k;kj ukSdj'kkgksa us
iM+ksl ds fo|ky; dh vo/kkj.kk dks ykxw djus dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA ;g fu;e cuk;k fd ;fn cPps ds ?kj ls ,d fdyksehVj ds nk;js ds vanj
fdarq rc ls ysdj vc rd lHkh ljdkjksa us mls utjvankt fd;k gSA dksbZ ljdkjh izkFkfed fo|ky; gksxk rc og fdlh futh fo|ky; esa 25
2009 esa ¼eqQ~r ,oa vfuok;Z½ f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e ykxw gqvk izfr'kr vkj{k.k ds izko/kku dk bLrseky ugha dj ik,xkA igys ljdkjh
ftlus detksj rcdksa ds ifjokjksa ds cPpksa dks lHkh fo|ky;ksa esa 25 fo|ky; ds iz/kkukpk;Z dks fy[k dj nsuk gksxk fd og cPps dk nkf[kyk
izfr'kr vkj{k.k nsus dh O;oLFkk dhA igys rks ljdkjsa bl izko/kku dks ugha dj ldrk rc cPpk fdlh futh fo|ky; esa nkf[kys dk nkok dj
fdz;kfUor djus esa xEHkhj ugha FkhaA vc futh fo|ky; dkuwu ds bl ldrk gS og Hkh ftykf/kdkjh dh vuq'kalk ds cknA tc iz/kkukpk;Z dks
izko/kku dh dkV fudkyus dh reke dksf'k'ksa dj jgs gSaA ekywe gS fd Åij ds vf/kdkjh ugha pkg jgs fd xjhc cPps futh
y[kuÅ ds csfld f'k{kk vf/kdkjh us 2015&16 'kS{kf.kd l= ds fo|ky;ksa esa 25 izfr'kr vkj{k.k ds izko/kku ds rgr i<sa rks og ,slk D;ksa
fy, fnukad 6 vizSy] 2015 dks 31 xjhc ifjokjksa ds cPpksa dks 'kgj ds fy[k dj nsxk fd og cPps dk nkf[kyk vius fo|ky; esa ugha dj
tkus ekus fo|ky; flVh ekaVsljh Ldwy esa eqQ~r ,oa vfuok;Z f'k{kk ds ldrk\
vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] 2009] ds varxZr izR;sd fo|ky; esa 25 izfr'kr m-iz- ljdkj ds bl o"kZ ds 'kklukns'k ds eqrkfcd ,d okMZ dks
xjhc ifjokjksa ds cPpksa gsrq vkj{k.k ds izko/kku ds rgr nkf[kys dk iM+ksl ekuk x;k gSA f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e ds rgr xjhc ifjokjksa
vkns'k fd;kA buesa 15 cPPks izkFkfed ,oa 16 izh&izkbejh d{kkvksa esa ds cPpksa dks vkj{k.k dk ykHk iM+ksl ds fo|ky; esa gh feysxkA tks
nkf[kyk ysaxsA 31 esa ls 23 cPps vuqlwfpr tkfr ds] 6 vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds ljdkjh fo|ky; cPpksa ds ?kj ds ikl esa gS og muds okMZ esa ugha tcfd
(125) (126)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:38 PM
flVh ekaVsljh dh bafnjk uxj 'kk[kk mlh okMZ esa fLFkr gSA nwljk] #- 2]200 izfr ekg dk [kpZ vkrk gSA ;g cM+s 'keZ dh ckr gS fd flVh
'kklukns'k ds vuqlkj ljdkjh fo|ky; esa ;fn d{kk 1 esa 40 ls T;knk ekaVsljh vkbZ-,-,l- vkf/kdkfj;ksa] odhyksa] U;k;k/kh'kksa] eaf=;ksa]
cPpksa dk nkf[kyk gks pqdk gS rHkh vki futh fo|ky;ksa esa nkf[kys dk lkalnksa&fo/kk;dksa o i=dkjksa ds cPpksa dk 40 izfr'kr 'kqYd ekQ dj
nkok dj ldrs gSaA mi;ZqDr ljdkjh fo|ky; esa 52 cPpksa dk nkf[kyk nsrk gS vkSj xjhc cPpksa dks i<+kus dh ckr ij iSls dh deh dk cgkuk cuk
gks pqdk gSA bl okMZ esa djhc ipkl cPpksa dk nkf[kyk mDr izko/kku ds jgk gSA vkbZ-,-,l- vkf/kdkjh] odhy] u;k;k/kh'k] ea=h] lkaln&fo/kk;d
rgr vU; futh fo|ky;ksa esa gks pqdk gSA 5 twu] 2015 rd y[kuÅ 'kgj o i=dkj ds cPps dks 'kqYd esa NwV nsus ds ihNs vkf[kj bl fo|ky; ds
esa dqy 318 o iwjs mRrj izns'k esa vc rd 2817 nkf[kys gks pqds FksA flQZ izca/kd o HkwriwoZ fo/kk;d txnh'k xka/kh dh D;k ea'kk gS\ 'kk;n lekt
flVh ekaVsljh Ldwy gh ,d ,slk gS ftlus nkf[kys ysus ls euk dj fn;k ds jlw[k okyksa dks vius i{k esa j[kus ds dkj.k gh m-iz- ljdkj flVh
gSA dqN vU; fo|ky; Hkh nkf[kyk ysus esa vkuk dkuh dj jgs gSa fdarq ekaVsljh Ldwy ds f[kykQ dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha dj jghA m-iz- ds csfld
flVh ekaVsljh tSlh Hkwfedk fdlh us ugha yh gSA f'k{kk ea=h dk dguk gS fd os izns'k ds izkFkfed fo|ky;ksa dk Lrj bruk
U;k;ky; us flVh ekaVsljh Ldwy }kjk [kM+s fd, x, lokyksa dk vPNk cuk nsaxs fd yksx futh fo|ky;ksa ls vius cPpksa dk uke dVok dj
tokc f'k{kk foHkkx ls ekaxk gSA mlus nkf[kys ij dksbZ jksd ugha yxkbZ ljdkjh izkFkfed fo|ky;ksa esa fy[kok,axsA
vkSj u gh LFkxukns'k fn;k gSA blds okctwn flVh ekaVsljh cPpksa dk flVh ekaVsljh lkykuk djhc 30 varjkZ"Vªh; Lrj ds vkSj
nkf[kyk ugha ys jgkA csfld f'k{kk vf/kdkjh 6 vizSy ds vykok 13 NksVs&eksVs rks dbZ dk;Zdze vk;ksftr djkrk gS ftuesa djksM+ksa #i, [kpZ
vizSy] 11 ebZ o tqykbZ izFke lIrkg esa iqu% rhu ckj flVh ekaVsljh Ldwy gksrs gksaxsA blds reke fo|kFkhZ vkSj f'k{kd fons'kksa esa gksus okys dk;Zdzeksa
dks 31 cPpksa ds nkf[kys gsrq funsZf'kr dj pqds gSaA fdarq flVh ekaVsljh ij esa 'kjhd gksrs gSaA buesa ,d dk;Zdze nqfu;k Hkj ds lsokjr o lsok fuo`r
,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd f'k{kk vf/kdkjh ds i=ksa dk dksbZ vlj gh ugha gks U;k;/kh'kksa dks cqyk dj Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA fdarq 31 cPpksa ds nkf[kys ds
jgkA ;g [kqys vke 'kklu&iz'kklu dh vogsyuk gSA flVh ekaVsljh ,d f'k{kk foHkkx ds vkns'k ds f[kykQ U;k;ky; esa tkdj flVh ekaVsljh ns'k
jk"Vªh; dkuwu ds mYya?ku dk nks"kh ekuk tkuk pkfg,A ds ,d egRoiw.kZ dkuwu dk mYya?ku djus dk nks"kh rks cu x;k gSA vc
oSls flVh ekaVsljh 'kklu&iz'kklu ds lkFk fey dj dkQh dke ns[kuk ;g gS fd nqfu;k Hkj ds U;k;/kh'k D;k ,d dkuwu dks u ekuus
djrk gSA gky gh esa Jh Jh jfo 'kadj ds vkVZ vkWQ fyfoax dk m-iz- ds okys estcku dk vkfrF; Lohdkj djsaxs\
vkbZ-,-,l- vf/kdkfj;ksa gsrq dk;Zdze dk vk;kstu flVh ekaVsljh dh gh ljdkjh fo|ky;ksa dh fLFkfr rHkh lq/kkjh tk ldrh gS tc lHkh
,d 'kk[kk esa gqvkA flVh ekaVsljh fo|ky; ftldh 20 'kk[kkvksa esa djhc ljdkjh osru ikus okyksa o tu izfrfuf/k;ksa ds cPpksa ds fy, ljdkjh
47]000 cPps i<+rs gSa] nqfu;k ds lcls cM+s fo|ky; dh ftls fxuht+ cqd fo|ky;ksa esa i<+uk vfuok;Z dj fn;k tk,A ,slk gks tkus ij ljdkjh
vkWQ oYMZ fjdkWMZ us ekU;rk nh gS] 31 xjhc cPpksa dk nkf[kyk u ysus ds fo|ky;ksa dh fLFkfr jkrksa&jkr lq/kkjh tk ldrh gSA blds vykok rks
fy, txg dh deh gksus dk cgkuk cuk jgk gSA flVh ekaVsljh ;g Hkh dg vkSj dksbZ jkLrk le> esa ugha vkrkA irk ugha m-iz- ds f'k{kk ea=h dk
jgk gS fd ljdkj ,d cPps dks i<+kus dk tks #- 450 izfr ekg dk [kpZ liuk dc iwjk gksxk\
nsus okyh gS og de gSA mlds vuqlkj ,d cPps dks i<+kus esa de ls de fdarq fQygky eqQ~r ,oa vfuok;Z f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e]
(127) (128)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
2009] ds varxZr tks 25 izfr'kr xjhc ifjokjksa ds cPpksa ds vkj{k.k dk cPpksa dks nkf[kyk fnykus esa viuk le; o ÅtkZ yxk jgk gSA blls cM+k
izko/kku gS og xEHkhjrk ls ykxw gksuk pkfg,A vHkh rd ljdkjksa us bl etkd D;k gksxk fd iwjs mRrj izns'k ds lHkh ftyksa ds csfld f'k{kk
dkuwu ds vuqikyu gsrq i;kZIr bPNk 'kfDr ugha fn[kkbZ gSA ljdkjksa dks vf/kdkfj;ksa us fey dj vHkh rd djhc rhu gtkj ls FkksM+k de gh cPpksa
rks dksbZ fnypLih gS ugha] ;fn flVh ekaVsljh Ldwy tSlh izHkko'kkyh dk nkf[kyk djk;k gSA brus FkksM+s ls cPpksa dk nkf[kyk djk dj ljdkj
laLFkkvksa us bl dkuwu dks ekuus ls euk dj fn;k rks vU; fo|ky; Hkh gjsd xjhc cPps dks xq.koRrkiw.kZ f'k{kk iznku djus dh viuh ftEesnkjh
mldh ns[kk&ns[kh dkuwu dks xEHkhjrk ls ugha ysaxsA bl rjg Hkkjr ds dSls iwjh djsxh\ xjhc esa Hkh tks FkksM+k tkx:d gksaxs os vius cPpksa dk
xjhc ifjokjksa ds dqN cPpksa ftUgsa vPNh f'k{kk izkIr djus dk ,d lqugjk futh fo|ky;ksa esa nkf[kyk djok ysaxs ysfdu tks T;knk xjhc gksaxs os fQj
volj feyk gS] mlls mudks oafpr j[kk tk,xkA NwV tk,axsA vr% ljdkj dks pkfg, fd flVh ekaVsljh lfgr vU;
b/kj tehuh Lrj ij xzkeh.k o xjhc Hkkjr esa dkQh mFky iqFky fo|ky;ksa dk jk"Vªh;dj.k djds mudks leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh dh O;oLFkk
gks jgh gSA v[kckjksa esa i<+us dks feyrk gS fd etnwjksa ds cPps Hkh vc ds rgr [kqn pyk,A bu fo|ky;ksa esa f'k{k.k dk;Z dk izca/ku Hkys gh
vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh- tSls laLFkkuksa dh dfBu izos'k ijh{kk esa lQy gks jgs gSaA futh gkFksa esa gks fdarq iz'kklfud lapkyu ljdkj dks vius gkFkksa esa ys
xzkeh.k bykdksa esa vkSj [kkldj xjhcksa ds chp ,d yyd txh gS fd ysuk pkfg, rkfd ljdkj vius fglkc ls xjhc cPpksa dks ;gka i<+k ldsA
vius cPps dks vPNh f'k{kk fnykuh gS D;ksafd mls ekywe gS fd mlh ls ;fn ljdkj lHkh cPpksa dks f'k{kk miyC/k djkus ds ckjs esa tjk
mudk cPPkk xjhch vkSj 'kks"k.k ds dqpdz ls eqfDr ik ldsxkA xjhc ds Hkh xEHkhj gS rks blds flok, gekjs lkeus dksbZ fodIy ugha fd lkjs futh
ikl tSls gh bruh {kerk vkrh gS fd og vius cPPks dks futh fo|ky; esa fo|ky;ksa dk jk"Vªh;dj.k djds nqfu;k ds vU; ns'kksa dh rjg ftUgksaus
i<+k lds og vius cPps dk nkf[kyk ogka djk nsrk gSA tkx:d xzkeh.k 99&100 izfr'kr lk{kjrk nj gkfly dh gS leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh vkSj
vfHkHkkod vius gksugkj cPpksa dks uoksn; fo|ky; esa Hkstuk pkgrs gSa] iM+ksl ds fo|ky; dh vo/kkj.kk dks ns'k esa ykxw fd;k tk,A
tks viuh xq.koRrk ds fy, e'kgwj gks x, gSaA
flVh ekaVsljh Ldwy tc 31 cPpksa dk nkf[kyk ys ysxk rks flQZ ljdkjh ru[okg ysus okys o tu izfrfuf/k;ksa ds cPpksa ds
31 cPpksa dk gh Hkyk ugha gksxkA blls reke xjhc ifjokjksa ds cPPkksa ds fy, ljdkjh fo|ky; esa i<+uk vfuok;Z gks
fy, ml f'k{kk dks gkfly djus ds njokts [kqy tk,axs tks mudh
tc ge fdlh lM+d ds fdukjs nqdku ij dqN [kk jgs gksrs gSa
ftanxh esa xq.kkRed ifjorZu yk ldsxhA
vFkok pk; dh nqdku ij pk; ih jgs gksrs gSa rks gesa dbZ ckj ;g vglkl
gh ugha gksrk fd tks gkFk gesa f[kyk&fiyk jgs gSa mu gkFkksa esa vly esa
leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh ds fy, futh fo|ky;ksa isafly&fdrkc gksuh pkfg,A bu cPPksa dks ftUgsa vke rkSj ij NksVw dg
dk jk"Vªh;dj.k t:jh dj lEcksf/kr fd;k tkrk gS ds ge dbZ ckj uke Hkh ugha iwNus dh t:jr
le>rsA buesa ls dqN gesa lkbfdy& eksVjlkbfdy dh ejEer dh
;g Hkh ,d vthc ckr gS fd vc f'k{kk foHkkx vius fo|ky;ksa
nqdkuksa ij fey tk,axsA dqN iVk[ks] 'kh'ks o cqukbZ ds dkj[kkuksa esa feysaxs
dks Bhsd ls lapkfyr djus ds ctk, futh fo|ky;ksa esa 25 izfr'kr xjhc
(129) (130)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
rks dbZ ?kjksa esa dke djrs gq, fey tk,axsA ekudksa dh n`f"V ls Jhyadk ds ckn gekjk LFkku FkkA vc ikfdLrku dks
Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 24] 21&, o 45 cky nklrk dks NksM+ ckdh lHkh ns'k gels vkxs fudy x, gSaA
jksdus ds fy, i;kZIr gksus pkfg, FksA vc rks dbZ dkuwu Hkh cu x, gSaA lkekftd ekudksa esa lq/kkj rHkh gks ldrk gS tc ekSfyd
dkj[kkuk vf/kfu;e] 1948] [kknku vf/kfu;e] 1952] cky etnwj vko';drk,a jksVh] diM+k] edku dh t:jrsa iwjh gksa vkSj lkFk ghs f'k{kk
¼izfrca/k ,oa fu;a=.k½ vf/kfu;e] 1986] ukckfyx cPpksa dks U;k; ¼laj{kk o LokLF; lsok,a vPNh xq.koRrk ds lkFk lHkh dks fu%'kqYd miyC/k gksaA
,oa lqj{kk½] 2000 o eqQ~r ,oa vfuok;Z f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] T;knkrj ns'kksa] ftUgksaus vius lkekftd ekudksa esa lq/kkj yk;k gS] us
2009 dk fdz;kUo;u bZekunkjh ls gks tkrk rks dke djrs gq, cPps dgha vius ukxfjdksa ds fy, vPNh vkSj fu%'kqYd f'k{kk ;k LokLF; lsokvksa dh
fn[kkbZ ugha iM+rsA bu dkuwuksa ds gksrs gq, Hkh cky etnwjh /kM+Yys ls py O;oLFkk,a dh gSaA
jgh gSA bldk eryc gS fd u rks ljdkj mi;qZDr dkuwuksa ds fdz;kUo;u Hkkjr esa lHkh cPpksa dks xq.koRrkiw.kZ f'k{kk miyC/k gksuh gS rks
ds izfr xEHkhj gS vkSj u gh ukxfjdksa dks cky etnwjh ls dksbZ fnDdr gSA flok, leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh dks ykxw djus ds dksbZ mik, ugha gSA ljdkjh
dHkh cPps ds ifjokj dh etcwjh crk dj ;k f'k{kk dh cPPks dh ftanxh esa fo|ky;ksa dh xq.koRrk lq/kkjus dk lcls lh/kk vkSj ,dek= rjhdk ;gh
fujFkZdrk crk ge fdlh u fdlh rdZ ls cky etnwjh dks tk;t Bgjk gS fd lHkh ljdkjh osru ikus okyksa o tu izfrfuf/k;ksa ds cPpksa ds fy,
nsrs gSaA ljdkjh fo|ky;ksa esa i<+uk vfuok;Z fd;k tk,A ;fn ljdkj vkSj
;fn ge ,slh fdlh lsok dk miHkksx dj jgs gSa ftlesa cky iz'kklu esa cSBs yksx ljdkjh fo|ky;ksa dks viuk ugha ekusaxs rks Hkyk vkSj
etnwj us dke fd;k gS rks ge Hkh fLFkfr ds fy, ftEesnkj gSaA blds dkSu ekusxk\ tc ljdkjh vf/kdkfj;ksa us ?kkVs esa pyus okyh ,vj
vykok gesa vius ls uSfrd loky ;g Hkh iwNuk iM+sxk fd gesa fdlh dk bf.M;k dks ;g fu;e cuk dj ftank j[kk gS fd ljdkjh dke ls ;k=k
cpiu Nhuus dk vf/kdkj fdlus fn;k\ djus okys yksxksa dks ,vj bf.M;k ls gh ;k=k djuh gksxh rks ljdkjh
;fn ge cPps dks f'k{kk ls oafpr dj jgs gSa rks ge mlds fy, fo|ky;ksa dks ftank j[kus ds fy, os vius cPpksa dks bu fo|ky;ksa esa Hkstus
ftanxh esa rjDdh ds jkLrs can dj jgs gSaA dbZ ckj ;g dgk tkrk gS fd dk fu;e D;ksa ugha cuk ldrs\
xjhch ds dkj.k cPpk ugha i<+ ikrkA fdarq ;g Hkh rks lp gS fd ;fn mls
xjhch dk nq"pdz rksM+uk gS rks f'kf{kr gksuk iM+sxkA T;knkrj cky etnwj ;fn 14 cPps vehjksa ds gksrs rks Hkh D;k U;k;ky; bruh gh
nfyr ,oa eqfLye leqnk; ls gSa tks gekjs lekt ds lcls fiNM+s oxZ gSaA nsj yxkrk\
bUgsa f'k{kk ls oafpr j[kus dk eryc gksxk budh xjhch dh fLFkfr cuk,
6 vizSy] 2015 dks csfld f'k{kk vf/kdkjh] y[kuÅ us flVh
j[kukA
ekaVsljh Ldwy esa vykfHkr lewg] ftlesa vuqlwfpr tkfr] tutkfr] vU;
ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dh fodkl nj ds fglkc ls Hkkjr nqfu;k esa fiNM+k oxZ] vkfn vkrs gSa] ,oa nqcZy oxZ ds 31 cPpksa ds f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj
vxz.kh ns'kksa esa gS fdarq lkekftd ekudksa ds fglkc ls gekjh fxurh lcls vf/kfu;e] 2009] ds rgr nkf[kys dk vkns'k fn;kA buesa 23 vuqlwfpr
fiNM+s ns'kksa esa gksrh gSA nf{k.k ,f'k;k esa vktknh ds le; lkekftd tkfr esa vkus okyh okYehfd fcjknjh ds rFkk 'ks"k 8 eqfLye ifjokjksa ls Fks
(131) (132)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
ftuesa 6 vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds FksA tks 2 lkekU; oxZ ls Fks mudh ,d ekg esa flrEcj Hkh fudy tk,xkA 'kS{kf.kd l= rsth ls vkxs c<+
ikfjokfjd lkykuk vk; #- ,d yk[k ls de dh Fkh] ftl :i esa nqcZy jgk gSA 31 cPps vHkh Hkh nkf[kys dk bartkj dj jgs gSaA vkf[kj U;k;ky;
oxZ dks ifjHkkf"kr fd;k x;k gSA ;kuh lHkh ifjokj lkekftd&vkfFkZd txnh'k xka/kh dks bruk le; D;ksa ns jgk gS\ cPpksa ds nkf[kys ij rks
:i ls detksj rcdksa ls FksA dksbZ LFkxukns'k ugha fn;k x;k gSA fQj cPpksa dk nkf[kyk D;ksa ugha gks
fo|ky; ds izca/kd txnh'k xka/kh us mPp U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk jgk\ U;k;ky; txnh'k xka/kh dks ;g D;ksa ugha dg jgk fd igys cPpksa
nk;j dj viuh bafnjk uxj 'kk[kk] ftuesa nkf[kys dk vkns'k gqvk Fkk] esa dk nkf[kyk ysa fQj pkgsa rks eqdnek yM+saA
txg dh deh crkbZ vkSj loky mBk;k fd tc vU; ljdkjh ,oa f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] 2009] ds rgr vykfHkr lewg ,oa
xSj&ljdkjh fo|ky; cPpksa ds ?kjksa ls lehi Fks rks nkf[kys dk vkns'k nqcZy oxZ ds cPpksa dks 25 izfr'kr lHkh fo|ky;ksa esa vkj{k.k fey x;k gSA
flVh ekaVsljh esa gh D;ksa fd;k x;k\ U;k;ky; us csfld f'k{kk vf/kdkjh fdarq txnh'k xka/kh ds mnkgj.k ls lkQ gS fd egaxs futh fo|ky;
dks fo|ky; tkdj txg ds laca/k esa viuh vk[;k nsus dks dgkA csfld lkekftd&vkfFkZd :i ls detksj rcdksa ds cPpksa dks nkf[kyk ugha nsuk
f'k{kk vf/kdkjh us 17 tqykbZ dks U;k;ky; esa vk[;k tek dh ftlesa pkgrsA txnh'k xka/kh [kqys vke dkuwu dk mYya?ku vkSj U;k;ky; ds
crk;k x;k fd bafnjk uxj 'kk[kk esa i;kZIr txg gSA fQj txnh'k xka/kh vkns'k dh voekuuk dj jgs gSa fdarq 'kklu&iz'kklu ekSu gS vkSj
us loky mBk;k fd cPpksa dk nkf[kyk iM+ksl ds fo|ky; esa gh gks ldrk U;k;ky; muds izfr mnkj ekywe iM+rk gSA lekt dks lans'k ;g tk jgk
gS vkSj fu;eksa esa iM+ksl dh ifjHkk"kk fo|ky; ls ,d fd-eh- gS tcfd m- gS fd txnh'k xka/kh dkuwu vkSj U;k;ky; ls Åij gSaA muds f[kykQ
iz- ljdkj us vius 'kklukns'k esa okMZ dks iM+ksl eku fy;k gSA U;k;ky; 'kklu&iz'kklu&U;k;ky; lc detksj iM+ jgs gSaA mudh ,slh D;k
us fu;eksa dks 'kklukns'k ls Åij ekurs gq, ,d fd-eh- dks gh iM+ksl ekuk fo'ks"krk gS flok, ;g fd muds ikl bQjkr iSlk gS tks os U;k;ky; esa
vkSj iqu% csfld f'k{kk vf/kdkjh dks fo|ky; tkdj ;g ns[kus dks dgk ikuh dh rjg cgk jgs gSaA os [kqn crkrs gSa fd os cM+h xjhch esa cM+s gq, gSaA
fd 31 esa ls fdrus cPps fo|ky; ls ,d fd-eh- dh ifjf/k esa fuokl dj rks vkf[kj bruk iSlk muds ikl vk;k dgka ls\ ;fn ;g cPpksa dh Qhl
jgs gSaA csfld f'k{kk vf/kdkjh us 31 esa ls 14 cPpksa dks fpfUgr fd;k ls vk;k gS rks bldk eryc fd os viuh t#jr ls dgha T;knk Qhl
ftuds ?kj fo|ky; ls ,d fd-eh- ds nk;js esa gh gSaA xYrh ls U;k;ky; olwyrs gSaA vkSj ;fn ;s iSlk dgha vkSj ls vk jgk gS rks mlds lzksr dh
us ,sls cPpksa dh la[;k 13 ekurs gq, budk flVh ekaVsljh esa ,d gQ~rs ds tkap&iM+rky gksuh pkfg,A
vanj nkf[kys dk vkns'k 6 vxLr dks fn;kA txnh'k xka/kh] tks vc rd loky ;g gS fd ;fn ;s 31 ;k 14 cPps vehjksa ds gksrs rks Hkh D;k
'kkafr Hkw"k.k tSls egaxs loksZPp U;k;ky; ds odhy dh lsok,a ysus yxs Fks] U;k;ky; viuk QSlyk ysus esa bruk le; yxkrk\ D;k vehj ifjokj
us vihy dhA Hkh cjnk'r djrs fd viSzy ls ysdj flrEcj rd muds cPpksa dk Hkfo";
tc cPpksa dk nkf[kyk U;k;ky; }kjk vknsf'kr r; vof/k esa v/kj esa yVdk jgs\ 'kklu&iz'kklu Hkh rc vkSj pqLr&nq#Lr utj
ugha gqvk rks csfld f'k{kk vf/kdkjh us txnh'k xka/kh ds f[kykQ vkrkA
U;k;ky; dh voekuuk nk;j dhA U;k;ky; us txnh'k xka/kh dks ,d flVh ekaVsljh ds T;knkrj Hkouksa dk uD'kk y[kuÅ fodkl
ekg dk le; tokc nsus ds fy, fn;kA vxLr ekg lekIr gksus dks gSA izkf/kdj.k ds fu;eksa ds fo#) ikl gqvk gS] ;fn gqvk gS rksA Hkw&mi;ksx
(133) (134)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
;k rks cnys ugha x, gSa vFkok vfu;fer rjhds ls cny fn, x, gSaA cPps nsuk gS rks f'k{kd dh ftEesnkjh rc rd iwjh ugha ekuh tk ldrh tc
,sls Bwl&Bwl dj cSBk, tkrs gSa fd fdlh izkd`frd vkink dh fLFkfr esa rd Nk= fo"k; dks le> ugha ysrsA ;fn dksbZ Nk= fdlh fo"k; esa
cgqeaftys Hkouksa esa ls fudyuk eqf'dy gks tk,A blh rjg vfXu 'keu vlQy gksrk gS rks ;g vlQyrk f'k{kd dh ekuh tkuh pkfg, tks fo"k;
foHkkx us Hkh flVh ekaVsljh ds dbZ Hkouksa dks vukifRr izek.k i= ugha dks Nk= dks le>k ugha ik;kA
fn;k gSA fo|ky; ds ikl vius [ksy ds eSnku ugha rks vkl&ikl ds eq>s bldk dkQh vQlksl gksrk gS fd fdruk cgqewY; le;
lkoZtfud ikdksZa dk bLrseky fd;k tkrk gSA cPpksa ,oa f'k{kdksa ds okguksa ijh{kk ds fy, iz'u i= rS;kj djus esa] ijh{kk ysus esa] mRrj iqfLrdk,a
dh ikfdZax fdlh lkoZtfud lM+d ij dj yh tkrh gSA txnh'k xka/kh tkapus esa rFkk vad iznku djus esa tkrk gSA dbZ f'k{kd v/;kiu ls T;knk
fu;e&dkuwu dh /kfTt;ka [kqy vke mM+krs gSa D;ksafd vf/kdkfj;ksa] ijh{kk dks xEHkhjrk ls ysrs gSaA dbZ ds fy, ;g ,d ifo= izfdz;k gS tks
usrkvksa] odhyksa] U;k;k/kh'kksa o i=dkjksa ds cPpksa dks 'kqYd esa NwV nsrs gSaA f'k{k.k dk vfHkUu fgLlk gSA os fcuk ijh{kk ds f'k{k.k dh dYiuk gh ugha
;fn dksbZ vf/kdkjh y[kuÅ fodkl izkf/kdj.k esa gS rks mlds cPps dks dj ldrsA fdarq ijh{kk esa tks vad vkrs gSa os vftZr Kku dk lgh
NwV feyrh gS ysfdu ;fn ogh vf/kdkjh dgha ,slh txg LFkkukarfjr gks vkadyu ugha gksrsA Nk= fcuk fo"k; dks le>s Hkh oS/k&voS/k rjhdksa ls
tkrk gS ftlls txnh'k xka/kh dks dksbZ ykHk ugha rks mlds cPps dh Qhl ijh{kk esa vPNs vad yk ldrs gSaA ijh{kk ,d rjhds ls f'k{kd o Nk= ds
dh NwV Hkh can gks tkrh gSA bl rjg ls lkjh O;oLFkk dks ,d vkneh chp la?k"kZ gksrk gSA ,d uhjl l= ds ckn f'k{kd Nk= ij lkexzh dks
vius fglkc ls upk jgk gSA daBLFk djus ds fy, vuko';d ekufld cks> Mkyrk gS vkSj fQj cM+h
iSlk [kpZ dj egaxs&egaxs dk;Zdze dj txnh'k xka/kh us dM+kbZ ls vad nsrk gSA bldh vfr bl :i esa ns[kh xbZ gS fd dbZ f'k{kd
varjk"Vªh; Lrj ij Hkh viuh /kkd tek yh gSA la;qDr jk"Vª la?k esa Hkh bl ckr ij xoZ djrs gSa fd mudh d{kk esa Nk+= vPNs vad ugha izkIr dj
bUgksaus ?kqliSB dj j[kh gSA vc le; vk x;k gS fd iSls ds cy ij viuk ldrsA nwljh rjQ Nk= fcuk T;knk esgur fd, vPNs vad ykus ds
[ksy [ksyus okys txnh'k xka/kh dh iksy [kqyuh pkfg,A y[kuÅ ds ,d rjhds <aw<+ f'k{kd dks iNkM+us dh dksf'k'k djrs gSaA
vkSj 'k[l lqczr jk; us Hkh iSlksa ds cy ij viuk lkekzT; [kM+k dj fy;k esjh ewY;kadu fof/k esa eSa Nk=ksa ls ,d ,d djds feyrk gwaA ;g
FkkA ysfdu ,d fnu dkuwu dk f'kadtk mu rd igqap gh x;kA vc ckjh feyuk esjs dk;kZy; vFkok Nk= ds Nk=kokl ds dejs esa gks ldrk gSA eSa
txnh'k xka/kh dh gSA Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa ,d lesLVj esa
lkS Nk=ksa ls T;knk dh d{kk esa Hkh rhu ckj izR;sd Nk= ls fey ysrk FkkA
lh[kus o ijh{kk esa dksbZ lEca/k ugha bl izfdz;k esa Nk=ksa dh fo"k; dh le> dk ewY;adu gksrk gSA ;fn Nk=
us fo"k; ugha le>k gS rks mls iqu% i<+ dj nksckjk feyus ds fy, dgk
esjs dbZ f'k{kd fe= bl ckr ls dkQh ijs'kku gks tkrs gSa fd eSa
tkrk gSA bl izdkj Nk=ksa dks lh[kus ds vufxur ekSds feyrs gSaA
viuh d{kkvksa esa dksbZ ijh{kk ugha ysrk o esjs T;knkrj Nk=ksa dks dkslZ ds
ewY;kadu dh izfdz;k rc iwjh gksrh gS tc f'k{kd o Nk= nksuksa bl ckr ls
var esa , xzsM fey tkrk gSA esjk ekuuk gS fd lh[kus o ijh{kk esa dksbZ
larq"V gks tkrs gSa fd Nk= us fo"k; dks le> fy;k gSA bl fof/k esa d{kk
lEca/k gh ugha gSA ;fn f'k{k.k dk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa dks fdlh fo"k; dk Kku
ds T;knkrj Nk= le>nkjh ds ,d U;wure Lrj ij igqap tkrs gSaA ;gh
(135) (136)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
otg gS fd d{kk ds T;knkrj Nk=ksa dks ,d gh xzsM fey tkrk gSA pwafd fdlh izfrf"Br laLFkku ls dksbZ izek.k i= ;k fMxzh gksrh gS fQj Hkh
T;knkrj Nk=ksa us fo"k; dks le> fy;k gS vr% mUgsa , xzsM fey tkrk gSA lekt muds dke ij Hkjkslk djrk gSA os viuk dke bZekunkjh ls djrs
eq>s ;g le> esa ugha vkrk fd mUgsa de xzsM D;ksa fn;k tk,\ vkn'kZ gSaA bl ekU;rk ds lkFk fd izfr;ksfxrk ls xq.koRrk c<+rh gS] ;fn lkspk
fLFkfr rks og gS fd eq>s xzsM gh u nsuk iM+sA flQZ eq>s ;g crkus dh tk, rks fdrus vk'p;Z dh ckr gS fd ge vius vfr egRoiw.kZ dk;Z tSls
t:jr gksuh pkfg, fd Nk= us fo"k; le>k gS vFkok ughaA [kkuk idkuk] ?kj fuekZ.k] NksVs cPpksa dh ns[k&Hkky djuk] ,sls yksxksa ds
eSa ;gka Li"V dj nwa fd eSa ;g ugha dg jgk gwa fd ijh{kk dh dksbZ ftEes flQZ mudh dk;Zfu"Bk ij Hkjkslk djds lkSai nsrs gSa tks vdq'ky ;k
Hkwfedk gh ugha gSA eSa flQZ ;g dg jgk gwa fd lh[kus&fl[kkus esa mldh vizf'kf{kr gSaA mi;qZDr esa ls T;knkrj yksx fdlh izfr;ksxh O;oLFkk dk
dksbZ Hkwfedk ugha gSA ysfdu ;fn dgha pquko gksuk gS] mnkgj.k ds fy, fgLlk ugha gksrsA
fdlh ukSdjh ds fy,] rks ijh{kk ds ek/;e ls ;ksX; mEehnokjksa dk p;u tks yksx izfr;ksfxrk dh izfdz;k ls ugha xqtjrs mudh ftUnxh
fd;k tk ldrk gSA gekjs ns'k esa ,d cM+k m|ksx py jgk gS tks dh le> csgrj gksrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, mUgsa ekywe gSa fd balku dh
mEEkhnokjksa dks izfr;ksxh ifj{kkvksa dh rS;kjh djkrk gSA bldh otg ls t:jr fdrus lalk/kuksa esa iwjh gks tk,xhA f'kf{kr yksx pwafd LokFkhZ gks
xykdkV izfrLi/kkZ dk ekgkSy cu x;k gS vkSj lh[kus dh FkksM+h cgqr tkrs gSa muds vanj lhfer lalk/kuksa esa larq"V jgus dh Hkkouk lekIr gks
ykylk Hkh lekIr gks xbZ gSA Kku gkfly djus dk tks lq[k gksrk gS og tkrh gSA blfy, mUgsa yxrk gS fd thou dh vko';drk,a vuar gSaA
Hkh"k.k izfr;ksfxrk dk lkeuk djrs gq, [kRe gks tkrk gSA blds vykok blh otg ls os Hkz"Vkpkj esa Hkh fyIr gks tkrs gSaA Hkz"Vkpkj f'kf{kr oxZ dh
bruh cM+h la[;k esa uotokuksa&uo;qofr;ksa ds le; vkSj mtkZ dh nsu gSA vf'kf{kr rks Hkz"Vkpkj dk f'kdkj curk gSA
cjcknh gksrh gS ftudk varr% dgha p;u ugha gks ikrkA lQy
mEehnkokjksa dk izfr'kr rks vR;ar NksVk gksrk gSA
6 fnlEcj] 1992 dks v;ks/;k esa ekjs x, 12 eqlyekuksa
tc ge thou dh okLrfod leL;kvksa dk gy dj jgs gksrs gSa
ds ifjokjksa dks U;k; dc feysxk\
rks izfrLi/kkZ ds ekgkSy esa ugha djrsA cfYd ge leL;k ds gy ds fy,
nwljksa ls lg;ksx dh vis{kk djrs gSaA vr% ijh{kkvksa dh Hkwfedk dks c<+k ;kdwc eseu dks eqEcbZ ds 1993 ds flyflysokj ce /kekdksa ds
p<+k dj ugha vkaduk pkfg,A ;g ,d d`f=e] vFkZghu] O;FkZ dh dok;n fy,] ftlesa 257 yksxksa dh tkusa xbZa] vkf[kjdkj Qkalh ij p<+k gh fn;k
gksrh gS tks ijh{kkFkhZ ij vuko';d ncko cukrh gSA x;kA ce /kekdksa esa tks ekjs x, muds fj'rsnkjksa o tks cp x, Fks muesa ls
dqN dh izfrfdz;k ;g Fkh fd blls U;k; fey x;k gkykafd [kqfQ;k
ijh{kk esa izfrLi/kkZ dh Hkkouk gekjs O;fDrRo ds udkjkRed
foHkkx ds ,d fnoaxr vf/kdkjh ch- jeu dk ekuuk Fkk fd ;kdwc dks
igyqvksa dks mHkkjrh gS] gesa vkSj LokFkhZ vkSj vuko';d :i ls vkdzked
Qkalh ugha feyuh pkfg, pwafd mlus tkap&iM+rky esa lg;ksx fd;k FkkA
cukrh gSA tks yksx izfrLi/kkZ dh izfdz;k ls ugha xqtjrs gSa] mnkgj.k ds
fy, lHkh fdLe ds izkFkfed mRiknd ;k vf'kf{kr&de f'kf{kr lsok fdarq ;kdwc dks Qkalh nh tkuh t:jh Fkh tSls fd vQty xq#
iznkrk] mudk O;ogkj vf/kd ekuoh; vkSj muds dke dh xq.koRrk Hkh dks nh tkuh t:jh Fkh blfy, rkfd ftu ekeyksa esa bu nksuksa dks Qkalh
vPNh gksrh gSA mUgsa dHkh cgqr vPNs vad ugha feys] u gh muds ikl nh xbZ ns'k ds yksxksa dks eglwl gks fd mu ?kVukvksa ds fy, nks"kh yksxksa
(137) (138)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
dks ltk ns nh xbZA dYiuk djsa ;fn ;s nksuksa Qkafl;ka ugha nh tkrhaA rks T;knkrj vkradoknh ?kVukvksa dh tuuh ekuk tk ldrk gSA ,d vge
yksxksa dks yxrk fd ns'k esa bruh cM+h ?kVuk,a gks xbZa vkSj fdlh dks ltk loky mBrk gS fd ckcjh efLtn /oal dh izfrfdz;k esa gqbZ ?kVukvksa ds
rd ugha nh xbZ\ Hkkjr ,d detksj eqYd ds :i esa ns[kk tkrkA D;k ;g fy, nks"kh yksxksa dks ltk gks jgh gS rks ckcjh efLtn /oal ds fy,
,d foMEcuk ugha gS fd cgqla[;d fganw] tks vius dks ,d 'kkafriw.kZ dkSe ftEesnkj yksxksa dks dc ltk nh tk,xh\
ekurs gSa] [kkldj eqlyekuksa ds Qkalh p<+k, tkus ls bl ckr ds fy, 6 fnlEcj] 1992 dks ckcjh efLtn fxjk, tkus ds ikxyiu esa
larq"V gks tkrs gSa fd vkradoknh ?kVukvksa ds fy, ftEesnkj yksxksa dks 12 eqlyekuksa dks tku ls ekj Mkyk x;k ftlesa ,d dks rks ftank tyk
ltk fey xbZ fcuk ;g lksps fd D;k lgh yksxksa dks Qkalh ij p<+k;k Hkh fn;k x;k vkSj 267 eqlyekuksa ds ?kj tyk fn, x,A iqfyl esa f'kdk;rsa
tk jgk gS vFkok ugha\ vQty xq# o ;kdwc eseu nksuksa ds gh ekeyksa esa dh xbZa fdarq vafre vk[;k yxk dj ekeyksa dks can dj fn;k x;kA
bu O;fDr;ksa dks ftu vijk/k ds fy, ltk nh xbZ muesa mudh Hkwfedk flok, ml le; dh dsUnz ljdkj }kjk miyC/k djk, x, dqN vkfFkZd
xkSa.k FkhA muds ifjokjksa dks nwljksa dh xYkrh dk [kkfe;ktk Hkqxruk iM+ eqvkots ds bu ifjokjksa dks vkt rd dksbZ U;k; ugha feyk gSA
jgk gSA bu Qkafl;ksa dk ,d vukisf{kr ifj.kke ;g jgk fd nksuksa
ns'k esa gqbZ de ls de ikap ce foLQksV dh ?kVukvksa esa
?kVukvksa ds vlyh xqugxkj cp x,A
fgUnqRooknh laxBuksa ds yksxksa dk gkFk gSA bl ckr dh mRlqdrk jgsxh
Hkkjr esa ikfdLrku dh 'kg ij gksus okyh vkradoknh ?kVukvksa fd buds fy, nks"kh yksxksa dks fdl izdkj dh ltk U;k;ky; nsrh gS\
ds fy, dkQh dM+h izfrfdz;k gksrh gSA cgqla[;d leqnk; ikfdLrku esa Hkkjrh; ljdkj] U;k;kikfydk vkSj yksxksa dks Hkh ;g fn[kkuk gS fd U;k;
fganqvksa ds lkFk gksus okys vU;k; ds ckjs esa f'kdk;r djrk gSA caXykns'k dh rjktw ij lc cjkcj gSaA
ls vkus okys eqfLye dks ?kqliSfB;k dgk tkrk gS rks ikfdLrku ls vkus
,d lH; ns'k gksus ds ukrs vkSj vius dks 'kkafr dk izrhd le>us
okys fgUnw dks 'kj.kkFkhZA fdarq Jhyadk esa fganw rfeyksa ds lkFk tks ogka ds
okys cgqla[;d fgUnw leqnk; dks Qkalh tSlh ccZj izFkk dks R;kx nsuk
ckS) /keZ dks ekuus okyksa us fd;k mldks ysdj Hkkjr esa] flok; rfey
pkfg,A 103 ns'k Qkalh dh ltk izfrcaf/kr dj pqds gSa vkSj vU; 6 ns'k
ukMw dks NksM+] dksbZ fo'ks"k izfrfdz;k ugha gqbZA ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd
lkekU; vijk/k ds fy, ,slk dj pqds gSaA la;qDr jk"Vª la?k dh lkekU;
mRrj Hkkjrh; lekt ds utfj, esa eqlyekuksa o bLykfed eqYdksa ds izfr
lHkk esa ikap ckj Qkalh dh ltk ij oSf'od jksd yxkus dk izLrko ikfjr
,d HksnHkko dh Hkkouk gSA
gks pqdk gSA Hkkjr esa dbZ yksx QthZ eqBHksM+] U;kf;d fgjklr o iqfyl
eqEcbZ dk flyflysokj ce /kekdk 6 fnlEcj] 1992 dks v;ks/;k Fkkuksa ij gh viuh tkusa xoka nsrs gSaA Hkkjr esa jkT; }kjk oS/k ;k voS/k
esa ckcjh efLtn ds /oal dh izfrfdz;k esa gqvk FkkA gdhdr ;g gS fd rjhds ls yksxksa dh tkusa ysus ds ekeyksa esa dkQh lq/kkj dh xaqtkb'k gSA
Hkkjr esa gksus okys T;knkrj ce /kekdksa] tks 11 flrEcj] 2001 dks
orZeku ljdkj ftl rjg ls 2002 esa xqtjkr esa gqbZ lkEiznkf;d
vejhdk esa gqbZ ?kVuk ds ckn vkradoknh ?kVuk,a dgs tkus yxs] esa idM+s
fgalk ds ihfM+rksa dks U;k; fnykus gsrq iz;kljr rhLrk lsryokM dk
x, vf/kdka'k xqukgxkj uotokuksa us bl ckr dks dcwyk gS fd mudk bu
dsUnzh; vUos"k.k C;wjks ds ek/;e ls mRihM+u dj jgh gS mlls mldh
dk;Zokfg;ksa esa 'kkfey gksus ds ihNs ckcjh efLtn /oal us mdlkus okyh
vYila[;d fojks/kh ekufldrk dk irk pyrk gSA rhLrk dh laLFkk vkSj
?kVuk ds :i esa dke fd;kA vr% Hkkjr esa ckcjh efLtn /oal dks
(139) (140)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
tfd;k tkQjh] tks 2002 esa lkoZtfud :i ls dRy fd, x, HkwriwoZ Qkalh dh ltk dgka rd mfpr\
dkaxszl lkaln vglku tkQjh dh iRuh gSa] us la;qDr :i ls ,d eqdnek
fuHkZ;k ds cykRdkfj;ksa esa ls ,d ds ?kVuk ds le; ukckfyx
fd;k gqvk gS ftlesa dbZ cM+s usrkvksa vkSj vf/kdkfj;ksa ds lkFk lh/ks ml
gksus ds dkj.k rhu o"kZ rd cky lq/kkj x`g esa j[kus ds ckn NwVus ij ns'k
le; xqtjkr ds eq[; ea=h o orZeku iz/kku ea=h ujsUnz eknh dks Hkh
esa fQj fojks/k&izn'kZu ds flyflys] ftlesa fuHkZ;k ds ekrk&firk us Hkh
vkjksih cuk;k x;k gSA ujsUnz eksnh ds f[kykQ 2002 ls lEcaf/kr ;g
fgLlk fy;k] ls ,d ,slk ekgkSy fufeZr gqvk ftlesa laln us fd'kksj
vdsyk ekeyk gS vkSj ftl rjg ls rhLrk dks ijs'kku fd;k tk jgk gS
U;k; dkuwu gh cny dj t?kU; ekeyksa esa ukckfyx dh mez 18 o"kZ ls
mlls vanktk yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd dgha u dgha ujsUnz eksnh Hkh bl
?kVk dj 16 o"kZ djus dk fu.kZ; ys fy;k gSA lcdks yx jgk gS fd ml
eqdnes ls ijs'kku gSaA rhLrk us 2002 ds 120 vkjksfi;ksa dks vkthou
O;fDr dks rks ltk feyuh gh pkfg, tks Hkys gh cykRdkj djrs le;
dkjkokl dh ltk fnykus esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ gSA buesa ujsUnz
ukckfyx jgk gks fdUrq ftlus bruk f?kukSuk dke fd;k gSA ;g Hkh dgk
eksnh dh xqtjkr ljdkj dh ,d le; dh egRoiw.kZ ea=h jg pqdh MkW-
tk jgk gS fd ltk bl ij Hkh fuHkZj gksuh pkfg, fd vijk/k D;k o;Ld
ek;k dksMukuh o ctjax ny ds xqtjkr ds tkus ekus usrk ckcw ctjaxh
dh ekufldrk ls fd;k x;k\
'kkfey gSa ftUgsa ujksnk ikfV;k uked eksgYys esa 97 eqlyekuksa dh gR;k
djus okys lewg dk usr`Ro djus dk nks"kh ekuk x;k gSA bu nksuksa dks vc 16 ls 18 o"kZ ds fd'kksj tks t?kU; vijk/k ds vkjksih cusaxs
vkthou dkjkokl dh ltk feyus ds ckn Hkh ;s vklkuh ls tsy ds ckgj mu ij ckfyxksa dh rjg eqdnek pysxkA fd'kksj U;k; cksMZ r; djsxk
vk tkrs gSa vkSj dbZ eqfLye uotoku ftuds eqdnes vHkh py jgs gSa fd D;k vijk/k ckfyx ekufldrk ls fd;k x;k\ nks"kh ik, tkus ij
lkyksa ls tsyksa esa lM+ jgs gSaA ckfyx gksus dh mezz rd cky lq/kkj x`g esa j[kk tk,xkA ,sls vijkf/k;ksa
dks vc 3 o"kZ ds ctk, 7 ls 10 o"kZ rd dh ltk gksxhA gykafd ftl
;fn fgUnqLrku dh igpku lgh vFkksZa esa ,d yksdrkaf=d ns'k dh
vijk/kh ds rhu o"kZ ckn NwVus dks ysdj gks&gYyk gqvk og rks blls cp
cuuh gS tgka gjsd ukxfjd dkuwu ds lkeus cjkcj le>k tkrk gks rks
tk,xk fdarq Hkfo"; eas ,slk vijk/k djus okys T;knk yEch ltk ik,axsA
gekjh O;oLFkk esa tks ,d eqfLye fojks/kh lksp izos'k dj xbZ gS mlls mls
eqDr djuk gksxkA jkT; dks eqlyekuksa ds lkFk HksnHkko ugha djuk pkfg, ukckfyx dks ltk blfy, ugha nh tkrh D;ksafd 'kk;n ;g ekuk
vkSj U;k;ikfydk dks iwjh rjg rVLFk jguk pkfg,A tks ekuokf/kdkj tkrk gS fd mlus vijk/k vKkurk esa fd;k vkSj mls cM+s gksus o ifjiDo
dk;ZdrkZ funksZ"k yksxkas dks cpkus dk dke djrs gSa mudks ijs'kku djus ds gksus dk ekSdk fn;k tkrk gS rFkk ;g mEehn dh tkrh gS fd og nksckjk
ctk, mUgsa lEeku feyuk pkfg,A ukxfjdksa dks Hkh ifjiDork fn[kkuh vijk/k ugha djsxkA flQZ Hkkokos'k esa vkdj bl dkuwu dks cnyuk Bhd
pkfg,A yksdra= dk loksZPp ewY;] U;k;] dks Åapk LFkku gh feyuk ughaA blls cgqr lkjs cPpksa ds lkFk vU;k; gksus ds lEHkkouk c<+ tkrh
pkfg,A gSA tks lEiUu ?kjksa ds cPps gksaxs mudh xjhc cPpksa dh rqyuk esa cpus dh
lEHkkouk T;knk jgsxh D;ksafd nqHkkZX; ls Hkkjrh; dkuwu O;oLFkk odhy
dh iSjoh ij fuHkZj djrh gS vkSj vPNk odhy djus ds fy, T;knk iSls
[kpZ djus iM+rs gSaA y[kuÅ esa lRrk i{k ls tqM+s ,d izHkko'kkyh O;fDr
(141) (142)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
ds Hkrhts xkSjo 'kqDyk dks cykRdkj ds ,d ekeys esa cykRdkj ds le; nsrkA bl rjg ge ns[krs gSa fd vius fd'kksj U;k; dkuwu esa rcnhyh dj
ckfyx izekf.kr djus esa fd'kksj U;k; cksMZ dks djhc ,d n'kd dk le; 16 o"kZ ds cPps dks Hkh ekSr dh ltk nsus yk;d eku dj gekjh fxurh
yx x;kA nqfu;k esa pan dzwjre ns'kksa esa gksus yxsxhA
fdlh Hkh rjg ds vijk/k ds ekeys esa oSKkfud utfj;k rks ;g efgyk ds f[kykQ fgalk tSls vijk/k rks lekt dh lksp cnyus ls gh
gksxk fd vijk/kh dh euksoSKkfud tkap gksuh pkfg,A ;fn ;g yxrk gS #d ldrs gSaA fo|ky; esa ;kSu f'k{kk o ?kj esa ,slk ekgkSy ftlesa cPps
fd vijk/kh dks vius fd, dk iNrkok gS rFkk og lq/kjus ds fy, rS;kj [kqy dj o;Ld gksus dh izfd;k esa vius 'kjhj esa gksus okys cnykoksa ds
gS rks mls ,d ekSdk feyuk pkfg,A ;fn mlesa lq/kkj dh dksbZ lEHkkouk ckjs esa cM+ksa ls ckrphr dj ldsa bl izfd;k esa lgk;d gksxkA ;fn fdlh
ugha fn[kkbZ iM+rh mlh ifjfLFkfr esa mls dBksj ltk nsus ds ckjs esa yM+dh ;k efgyk ds lkFk ;kSu 'kks"k.k dh ?kVuk gksrh gS rks mls Nqikus ds
lkspuk pkfg,A ctk,] ftlls nks"kh dk gh cpko gksxk] ml yM+dh ;k efgyk ds lkFk
gesa ;g Hkh lkspuk pkfg, fd D;k ltk dks dBksj dj nsus ls [kM+k gksuk t:jh gSA gky gh esa vejhdk esa U;w ;kWdZ fLFkr dksyfEc;k
vijk/k #dsxk\ vHkh rd dk vuqHko rks crkrk gS fd ltk ls vijk/k fo'ofo|ky; esa tc ,d Nk=k us ,d teZu Nk= ds f[kykQ cykRdkj
ugha #drkA 2004 esa dksydkrk esa /kuat; pSVthZ uked ,d O;fDr dks dk vkjksi yxk;k rks iwjs fo'ofo|ky; us yM+dh ds i{k esa Hkwfedk yhA
18 o"khZ; yM+dh ds lkFk cykRdkj o mldh gR;k djus ds tqeZ esa Qkalh ,d izksQslj ds lq>ko ij tc rd og yM+dh fo'ofo|ky; esa jgh vius
dh ltk feyh FkhA ;kuh Hkkjr esa rks fdlh Hkh cykRdkjh dks ekywe gksuk lkFk ,d xn~nk] tks mlds cks> dk izrhd cu x;k Fkk] ysdj gj txg
pkfg, fd mls ekSr dh ltk fey ldrh gSA fQj Hkh cykRdkj dh tkrh FkhA og iwjs ifjlj esa xn~nk ysdj ?kwerh vkSj d{kk esa Hkh mls ys
?kVuk,a #dus dk uke ugha ys jghaA fuHkZ;k dkaM ds ckn iwjs ns'k esa igyh tkrhA fo'ofo|ky; us mls nh{kkar lekjksg esa Hkh ;g xn~nk eap ij ykus
ckj efgyk fgalk ds loky ij tcjnLr izn'kZu gq,A blls ns'k esa ls ugha jksdkA ml yM+dh dh ekax Fkh fd tc rd nks"kh Nk= dks
efgykvksa ds f[kykQ fgalk ds izfr laosnu'khyrk rks fuf'pr c<+h gS Hkys fo'ofo|ky; ls fu"dkf"kr ugha dj fn;k tkrk og xn~nk ysdj
gh ?kVuk,a u #dha gksaA lkoZtfud :i ls izn'kZu djrh jgsxhA Nk= dks fo'ofo|ky; ls
fudkyk rks ugha x;k vkSj mls Hkh mlh nh{kkar lekjksg esa fMxzh fey xbZ
fo'okl ugha gksrk fd vius vki dks lfg".kq ekuus okyk Hkkjrh; lekt]
ysfdu rc rd mldh bruh cnukeh gks pqdh Fkh fd mls ukSdjh feyus
tgka okYehfd vkSj vaxqfyeky tSls mnkgj.k ekStwn gksa fd vijk/kh esa
esa cM+h dfBukbZ dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA bl rjg ds iz;kl efgykvksa ds
ifjorZu dh lEHkkouk gksrh gS] ,d vijk/kh ds fy, ekSr dh ltk dh
f[kykQ fgalk jksdus esa T;knk dkjxj gksaxsA
ekax dj jgk gSA nqfu;k ds 103 ns'kksa us ekSr dh ltk ij izfrca/k yxk
fn;k gS rFkk 50 vU; ns'kksa us fiNys nl ;k mlls T;knk o"kksZa esa dksbZ ekSr
dh ltk ugha nhA if'pe ds ns'kksa esa vejhdk dks NksM+ dj lHkh ns'kksa esa
ekSr dh ltk ij izfrca/k gSA flQZ bZjku] lÅnh vjfc;k] lwMku o
ikfdLrku dks NksM+ dj lkjh nqfu;k esa 18 o"kZ ls de mez ds fd'kksj dks
ekSr dh ltk ugha nh tkrhA varjkZ"Vªh; dkuwu Hkh bldh btktr ugha
(143) (144)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
xk; ls nw/k fudkyus ij gh D;ksa u izfrca/k yxk iatkch ysf[kdk us in~e Jh iqjLdkj blfy, okil dj fn, D;ksafd ns'k
esa ukxfjd Lora=rk [kRe dh tk jgh gS vkSj iz/kku ea=h ekSu gSaA
fn;k tk,\
blh rjg eksgEen v[kykd dh gR;k ds ekeys esa fofHkUu
ujsUnz eksnh nqfu;k esa ?kwe&?kwe dj fons'kh iwath vkdf"kZr djus
fooj.k i`Fkd vkjksfi;ksa dh ckr dj jgs gSa ysfdu vlyh gR;kjs ;k fQj
dh dksf'k'k esa yxs gSaA gekjs lkekftd ekud nqfu;k esa lcls [kjkc ns'kksa
ftu yksxksa us gR;kjksa dks ?kVuk dks vatke nsus ds fy, izsfjr fd;k mUgsa
dh Js.kh esa gksus ds ckotwn os Hkkjr dh Nfo ,d mHkjrs gq, etcwr
fpfUgr ugha fd;k x;k gSA ftyk iz'kklu dh #fp gR;kjksa dh fxjQ~rkjh
vkfFkZd ,oa lSU; 'kfDr ds :i esa cukus gsrq esgur dj jgs gSaA Hkkjr esa
ls T;knk bl ckr dks irk yxkus esa Fkh fd v[kykd ds fQzt ls cjken
mudh jktuhfrd fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus okys muds fgUnqRo ds lkFkh ns'k
ekal xk; dk Fkk vFkok ugha\ xksekal [kkuk vijk/k ugha gS gykafd m-iz-
ds vYila[;dksa] [kkldj eqfLyeksa o bZlkb;ksa] ds fy, ,d vkrad dk
xksgR;k fu"ks/k vf/kfu;e] 1955 o 2001 ds ,d ljdkjh v/;kns'k ds
ekgkSy cukus esa yxs gq, gSaA cgqr lkQ rjhds ls dgk tk jgk gS fd ;fn
eqrkfcd xksgR;k izfrcaf/kr gSA bl vijk/k dh ltk nks o"kZ dh dSn o #-
vYila[;dksa dks Hkkjr esa jguk gS rks mUgsa fgUnqRo dh fopkj/kkjk ds
1000 tqekZuk vFkok nksuksa gh gSaA blds fy, ltk&,&ekSr rks dnkfi
vuqlkj jguk gksxk] tks gykafd Hkkjr ds lkjs fgUnqvksa dk izfrfuf/kRo
ugha gS tks ltk HkhM+ 28 flrEcj] 2015 dks eksgEen v[kykd dks ns pqdh
djus dk nkok ugha dj ldrhA fclkgM+k] nknjh esa eksgEen v[ykd dh
gSA mldh yM+dh lkftnk ;g vlqfo/ktud loky iwN pqdh gS fd ;fn
fueZe gR;k us lekt dks >d>ksj dj j[k fn;k gSA xEHkhj :i ls ?kk;y
tkap esa ekal xk; dk ugha ik;k x;k rks D;k mlds firk dks ftank
muds iq= nkfu'k vHkh vLirky esa gh gSaA ;g ?kVuk gesa ckcjh efLtn
ykSVk;k tk,xk\
/oal dh ;kn fnykrh gSA ,d vfu;af=r HkhM+ dkuwu dks vius gkFk esa ys
ysrh gS vkSj iz'kklu&'kklu ewd n'kZd cuk jgrk gSA foHkktu ds ckn ifjokj ds cps gq, lnL;ksa dks igys #- nl yk[k eqvkots dh
Hkkjrh; lekt ds lkEiznkf;dj.k esa ckcjh efLtn /oal ,d eksM+ ds :i ?kks"k.kk gqbZ ysfdu eq[; ea=h ls tc os feyus igqaps rks ;g c<+k dj #- 45
esa FkkA bl ?kVuk us gh Hkkjr esa vkradokn uked leL;k dks tUe fn;kA yk[k dj fn;k x;kA eq[; ea=h us rqjar gh #- 5 yk[k eqvkots dh ?kks"k.kk
ml ;qok ds fy, dh ftldh v[kykd dh gR;k dh ?kVuk ds ckn gks jgs
vxj dksbZ Ja[kykc) ce /kekds ;k vkradoknh ?kVuk gksrh gS rks
fojks/k izn'kZu ij iqfyl }kjk xksyh pykus ls ekSr gqbZ rkfd mu ij
vxyh lqcg rd v[kckjksa esa izkFkfedh ntZ gksus ;k foospuk ls igys gh
eqfLye rq"Vhdj.k dk vkjksi u yxsA
dqN eqfLye uotokuksa ds rLohjksa ds lkFk uke Ni tkrs gSaA
vf[kys'k ;kno lkEiznkf;d fgalk ls ekSrksa ;k fdlkuksa dh
fdarq tgka vkjksih fgUnqRo /kkjk ds dk;ZdrkZ gksrs gSa mUgsa fpfUgr
vkRegR;k jksdus ds ctk, bruh rqjr&Qqjr eqvkotk ckaVrs gSa fd
gh ugha fd;k tkrkA vHkh rd gesa ugha ekywe fd xksfoan ialkjs] ujsUnz
mudks eqvkotk eq[; ea=h dguk vuqfpr u gksxkA vius vki dks
nkHkksydj o ,e-,e- dkycqxhZ ds gR;kjs dkSu Fks\ dukZVd esa Ng
/keZfuisZ{k fn[kkus okyh lektoknh ikVhZ lkEiznkf;d rkdrksa dks fu;af=r
lkfgR;dkj jkT; ljdkj ds iqjLdkjksa dks blfy, okil dj pqds gSa
djus esa ukdke jgh gS ftUgsa jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k vkSj orZeku esa dsUnz
D;ksafd og dycqxhZ ds gR;kjksa dks fxjQ~rkj ugha dj ikbZ gSA jk"Vªh;
esa lRrklhu Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dk izR;{k&vizR;{k leFkZu izkIr gSA
Lrj ij rks vc rd X;kjg lkfgR;dkjksa us lkfgR; vdkneh ,oa ,d
vc ;g vke ekU;rk gS fd nksuksa jktuhfrd nyksa esa vius&vius erksa ds
(145) (146)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
/kqzohdj.k gsrq bu ?kVukvksa dks vatke nsus esa pksyh nkeu dk fj'rk gSA lafo/kku us fn;k gSA blh rjhds ls ftu yksxksa dh dksbZ f'kdk;r gS mUgsa
Hkkjr ls iwjh nqfu;k esa lcls T;knk ekal 24 yk[k Vu fu;kZr fHkUu ekU;rk j[kus okys yksxksa dks le>kus dh dksf'k'k djuh pkfg,A
gksrk gS tks T;knkrj HkSal dk gksrk gSA voS/k dRy[kkuksa dh la[;k ;fn fgUnw xksgR;k ls vkgr gksrs gSa rks mUgsa eqlyekuksa ;k blkb;ksa dks ;g
vuqKfIr izkIr dRy[kkuksa ls nl xquk T;knk gSA Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds ckr le>kuh gksxh fd os xksekal [kkuk NksM+ nsaA fdarq D;k fganw eqfLye ;k
vuqPNsn 48 esa of.kZr jkT; ds uhfr funsZ'kd fl)karksa esa dgk x;k gS fd bZlkbZ /keZ dh vPNh ckrksa dks ekuus dks rS;kj gksaxs\ tSls] bLyke o bZlkbZ
jkT; d`f"k ,oa i'kqikyu dks vk/kqfud o oSKkfud vk/kkj ij laxfBr nksuksa tkfr O;oLFkk ls eqDr gSaA D;k fgUnw vius /keZ ds lcls cM+s dyad
djsxk] uLy esa lq/kkj o muds laj{k.k gsrq dne mBk,xk vkSj xk;] mlds ls eqfDr ikus ds fy, bLyke o bZlkbZ /keZ ls lh[k ysus dks rS;kj gSa\
cPps ;k vU; nw/k nsus okys vkSj gy [khapus okys i'kqvksa dh gR;k
izfrcaf/kr djsxkA blds vuqlkj rks HkSal dh gR;k ij Hkh jksd yxuh Hkw&vf/kxzg.k dkuwu dh vaxzsth fojklr
pkfg, fdarq /kkfeZd dkj.kksa ls izfrca/k flQZ xk; dh gR;k ij gSA
tkjh jgsxh
okLrfodrk ;g gS fd HkSal ds fy, cus oS/k&voS/k dRy[kkuksa esa xk; Hkh
dVrh gSA blfy, ;fn ljdkjsa okdbZ esa xksgR;k jksduk pkgrh gSa rks Lora=rk i'pkr viuk lafo/kku ykxw gksus ds ckn Hkh fdl otg
fdlh Hkh i'kq dh gR;k ij jksd yxkuh iM+sxhA ls vaxzstksa ds cuk, dkuwu ykxw jgs ekywe ugha\ bu dkuwuksa dh otg ls
gekjh ljdkj Hkh lkezkT;oknh 'kkldksa tSlk O;ogkj djrh jgh tks yksxksa
;fn fgUnw xk; dks eka ekurs gSa rks mUgsa tcjnLrh xk; dk iSj
ds fy, ?kksj d"V dk dkj.k cusA 1894 dk Hkw&vf/kxzg.k dkuwu blh rjg
cka/k dj mldk nw/k fudkyuk Hkh can dj nsuk pkfg,A viuh eka ds lkFk
dk ,d dkuwu gSA xzkeh.k fodkl ea=h t;jke jes'k us bl fcy dks is'k
Hkyk dksbZ ,slk O;ogkj dSls dj ldrk gS\ ;g nw/k xk; ds cPps ds fy,
djrs gq, dgk fd ljdkj ,sfrgkfld vU;k; dks nq#Lr dj jgh gSA ;gh
gksrk gSA vkfnoklh ;k if'pe esa vc yksdfiz; gks jgs ohxu leqnk; ds
ckr iz/kku ea=h us vfnokfl;ksa ds ou vf/kdkj lEca/kh dkuwu ds ikfjr
yksx fdlh Hkh fdLe ds i'kq mRikn dk bLrseky ugha djrs gSaA
gksus ij lHkh jkT;ksa ds ou eaf=;ksa dh ,d cSBd esa dgh FkhA gekjh
egkRek xka/kh us dgk Fkk fd Hkkjr esa xksgR;k ij jksd ugha yxkbZ ljdkj dks iSalB lky ls Åij yx x, bl ckr dk ,glkl gksus esa fd
tk ldrh gSA mUgksaus dgk fd mUgsa bl ckr esa dksbZ lansg ugha fd vaxztksa ds cuk, dkuwu vU;k;dkjh gSaA
fgUnqvksa ds fy, xksgR;k djuk izfrcaf/kr gSA os [kqn xk; dh lsok djrs Fks
dkQh gks&gYyk ds ckn ljdkj mlesa la'kks/ku ds fy, rS;kj gqbZ
fdarq mudk ekuuk Fkk fd os viuk /keZ fdlh nwljs ij Fkksi ugha ldrsA
gSA lkr o"kksZa ls bu la'kks/kuksa ij fopkj py jgk gSA 29 vxLr] 2013 dks
;fn dy ohxu yksx fdlh Hkh izdkj ds i'kq mRikn ftlesa nw/k Hkh 'kkfey
ljdkj bl fcy dks yksd lHkk ls ikfjr djkus esa lQy jgh gSA
gS ij jksd yxkus dh ekax djus yxs rks fgUnqvksa dks dSlk yxsxk\ D;k
[kkuk gS vkSj D;k ugha ;g yksxksa dh O;fDrxr Lora=rk dk fo"k; gksuk os 16 i`Fkd dkuwu ftuds rgr ljdkj Hkw&vf/kxzg.k dj ldrh
pkfg, tks mudh le> ,oa ekU;rkvksa ds vk/kkj ij NksM+ nsuk pkfg,A gS flQZ rhu u, fcy esa yk, x, gSaA ;kuh T;knkrj ekeyksa esa
Hkw&vf/kxzg.k igys dh rjg tkjh jgsxkA lafo/kku dh Hkkouk ds foijhr
yksxksa dks vius vius /kfeZd fopkjksa ds izpkj izlkj dk vf/kdkj
ljdkj us Hkw&vf/kxzg.k dk vf/kdkj vius ikl gh lqjf{kr j[kk gSA tu
(147) (148)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
laxBuksa dh ekax fd LFkkuh; fudk;ksa tSls xzke lHkkvksa ds bl lafo/kku vU;k; djsxhA
lEer vf/kdkj dks O;ogkj esa yk;k tk, dks ljdkj us utjvankt dj gky dk loksZPp U;k;ky; dk QSlyk ftlus vksMhlk ds
fn;k gSA ,d izko/kku ;g t:j yk;k x;k gS fd futh o fu;efxjh ioZr ij LFkkuh; vkfnokfl;ksa dks Hkwfe ds LokfeRo ij vafre
futh&lkoZtfud Hkkxhnkjh okyh ifj;kstukvksa esa dze'k% 80 izfr'kr QSlyk ysus dk vf/kdkj fn;k ns'k ds fy, ,d uthj cuuh pkfg,A
vkSj 70 izfr'kr izHkkfor yksxksa dh lgefr vfuok;Z gksxhA fdarq ljdkj ckotwn blds fd baXyS.M ds osnkar lewg us vksMhlk ljdkj ds lkFk
tc vius fy, Hkw&vf/kxzg.k djsxh rks fdlh Hkh izdkj dh yksxksa dh 2004 esa gh ckWDlkbV [kuu gsrq ,d djkj dj fy;k Fkk] loksZPp
lgefr dks vfuok;Z ugha cuk;k x;k gSA d`f"k Hkwfe dk fdlh Hkh U;k;ky; us 13 vizSy 2013 ds QSlys esa xzke lHkk dh Lohd`fr dks
ifjfLFkfr esa vf/kxzg.k u gks] bl ekax dks njfdukj dj fn;k x;kA vfuok;Z 'krZ cuk fn;kA ,d yksdra= esa Hkw&vf/kxzg.k dk vkSj dksbZ
eqvkots ds :i esa Hkwfe ds cnys Hkwfe dh ekax ugha ekuh xbZ vkSj Hkwfe ds rjhdk gks gh ugha ldrkA
cnys dqN udn idM+k dj fdlku dks igys dh rjg gh pyrk fd;k
tk,xkA gykafd vuqlwfpr tkfr o tutkfr ds ifjokjksa dks foLFkkiu
dh n'kk esa ,d gsDVs;j tehu nsus dk izko/kku j[kk x;k gSA Hkwfe dk Qkalh rks gks xbZ fdUrq ;g rks irk pys fd laln ij geyk
eqvkotk c<+k dj feysxk ;g dksbZ lkaRouk dh ckr ugha gS D;ksafd udn fd;k fdlus Fkk\
rks ,d u ,d fnu [kRe gks gh tk,xk vkSj ifjokj Hkwfeghu cu tk,xkA ¼uksV% gky gh esa fy;kdr 'kkg ds ekeys ls lkQ gks x;k gS fd fdl rjg
udn dk cqf)ekuhiwoZd bLrseky rkfd mldk dgha ,slh txg fuos'k gks iqfyl Js; ysus ds fy, vkReleiZ.k fd, gq, mxzokfn;ksa dks QthZ ekeyksa
ftlls og ifjokj ds fy, lrr vk; dk lzksr cu lds ,slk rks cgqr de esa Qalk dj vkradoknh ds :i esa is'k djrh gSA ;fn tEew&d'ehj iqfyl
yksx dj ik,axsA vkf[kj gjsd O;fDr O;kikj ugha dj ldrkA vkSj eq[; ea=h mej vCnqYykg us [kqy dj fy;kdr ds i{k esa Hkwfedk
lkoZtfud fgr o vkikrdkyhu izko/kkuksa dks Li"V :i ls ugha yh gksrh rks lkjk ns'k ;gh ekurk fd fy;kdr gksyh ds le; fnYyh
ifjHkkf"kr u dj ikus ds dkj.k ljdkj us euekus rjhds ls Hkw&vf/kxzg.k esa foLQksV djus vk;k FkkA ;g Hkh loky mBrk gS fd iqjkuh fnYyh esa
dh xqatkb'k NksM+h gqbZ gSA ljdkj Hkw&mi;ksx dks cny dj vius d`R;ksa cjken gfFk;kj&ck:n fdlus j[ks Fks\ gekjk ekuuk gS fd vQty xq#
dks tk;t Bgjkrh jgh gSA Hkw&vf/kxzg.k ds lkekftd izHkko dk vkadyu dk ekeyk fy;kdr tSlk gh FkkA ,l-Vh-,Q- vkSj fnYyh iqfyl ds
fd;k tk,xk fdarq mldk Hkw&vf/kxzg.k ij dksbZ izHkko ugha iM+sxkA fcy fo'ks"k lsy us mls cfy dk cdjk cuk fn;kA bl ns'k esa iqfyl viuh
esa mu Hkwfeghuksa dks iwjs vf/kdkj ugha fn, x, gSa tks ml Hkwfe ij fuHkZj Fks v{kerk dks fNikus ds fy, vU; ekeyksa esa Hkh funksZ"k yksxksa dks Qalkrh
ftldk vf/kxzg.k gksuk gSA jgh gSA½

lalnh; lfefr us ekDlZoknh dE;qfuLV ikVhZ tSls jktuhfrd vQty xq# dks Qkalh gks xbZA vQty dks Qkalh dh ltk
nyksa vFkok vU; tu laxBuksa tks tcjnLrh tehu vf/kxzg.k fd, tkus blfy, nh xbZ Fkh fd jk"Vª dh lkewfgd varjkRek larq"V gks ldsA jk"Vª
ds f[kykQ jgs gSa }kjk fn, x, izLrkoksa dks utjvankt dj fn;k gSA dh lkewfgd varjkRek larq"V gks xbZ gksxhA jk"Vªoknh yksxksa us ukp&xk
tYnhckth esa fcy ikfjr djk ljdkj gtkjksa&yk[kksa fdlkuksa ds lkFk dj] ,d&nwljs dks feBkbZ f[kyk dj] iVk[ks pyk dj [kqf'k;ka eukbZaA
(149) (150)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
'kk;n ltk lqukus ds ihNs mn~ns'; Hkh ;gh Fkk fd ,d v/;k; iwjk gksA esa mls udyh nok,a o fpfdRlh; midj.k cspus ds vkjksi esa fxjQ~rkj
fdarq ,d loky vuqRrfjr jg tkrk gSA laln ij geys dh fd, tkus dh /kedh nh xbZA vQty ds eqndes ds nkSjku vdcj Hkh
lkft'k vkf[kj jph fdlus Fkh\ tks ikap O;fDr dM+h lqj{kk Hksn dj xokg ds :i esa U;k;ky; esa is'k gqvk vkSj vQty ds f[kykQ c;ku
laln Hkou rd igqap x, Fks os rks ekSds ij gh ekjs x,A tkap ,tsafl;ksa ds fn;kA vQty us 1997&98 esa nokvksa vkSj midj.kksa dk O;kikj deh'ku
vuqlkj lkft'kdrkZ gSa elwn vt+gj] xkath ckck vkSj rkfjd vgen tks ds vk/kkj ij 'kq: fd;k Fkk pwafd vkRelefiZr mxzokfn;ksa dks ukSdjh ugha
ikfdLrku esa gSaA tkfgj gS fd bUgsa vHkh rd fxjQ~rkj ugha fd;k tk fey ldrh FkhA blls vQty dh pkj&ikap gtkj #i, izfr ekg dh
ldk gSA dekbZ gks tkrh FkhA oukZ ,l-Vh-,Q- ds lkFk fo'ks"k iqfyl vf/kdkjh ds
:i esa dke djuk iM+rk ftlesa vkradokfn;ksa ds gkFk ekjs tkus dk
fQj vQty dkSu Fkk vkSj laln geys esa mldh D;k Hkwfedk
[krjk jgrk FkkA vQty dks ,l-ih-vks- dks Hkh 300&500 #i, ?kwl nsuh
Fkh\ vkb, ns[ksa mldk vkSj mldh iRuh dk i{k tks i= :i esa mldh
iM+rh Fkh rkfd os mls ijs'kku u djsaA
ltk ls igys lkoZtfud gks pqdk FkkA
,d fnu lqcg 10 cts tc og nks ekg iqjkus LdwVj ls tk jgk
vQty xq# dks Qkalh dh lTkk gqbZ ek= ml bdckfy;k c;ku
Fkk rks ,l-Vh-,Q- mls idM+ dj iygYyu f'kfoj ys xbZA ;gka mls
ds vk/kkj ij tks mlus fo'ks"k iqfyl lgk;d iqfyl vk;qDr jktchj
dkQh izrkfM+r fd;k x;kA fQj mls gegkek f'kfoj ys x,A ;gka Hkh
flag ds ncko esa ehfM;k ds lkeus fn;kA mls ;g /kedh nh xbZ Fkh fd
;krukvksa dk nkSj pyrk jgkA ,l-Vh-,Q- mlls #i;ksa dh ekax dj jgh
;fn og ,slk ugha djsxk rks mlds ifj.kke mldh iRuh vkSj cPpksa ds
Fkh ftlds fy, varr% mls viuh iRuh ds tsoj cspus iM+sA dqy feykdj
fy, lgh ugha gksaxsA
80 gtkj #i, udn vkSj viuh ubZ LdwVj ls mls gkFk /kksuk iM+kA gjsd
vQty xq# tEew d'ehj fycjs'ku QzaV dh vksj 1990 esa izrkM+uk ds ckn fLFkfr ;s gksrh Fkh fd dbZ fnuksa rd bykt djkuk iM+rk
vkdf"kZr gqvk vkSj izf'k{k.k ds fy, ikfdLrku x;kA fdUrq rhu ekg gh FkkA
jgus ds ckn og ykSV vk;k D;ksafd mls bu laxBu ds usrkvksa dh ckrsa]
1990 ls 1996 ds nkSjku vQty us fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; esa
[kkldj ikfdLrku ds i{k esa] ilan ugha vkbZaA mlus ykSVdj lhek
i<+kbZ dh Fkh vkSj ml nkSjku V~;w'ku Hkh i<+krk FkkA cM+xke ds ,l-,l-
lqj{kk cy ds lkeus vkReleiZ.k fd;kA mls tYnh gh le> esa vk;k fd
ih- v'kQkd gqlSu ds lkys vYrkQ gqlSu us mls vius nks cPPksa dks i<+kus
vkRelefiZr mxzoknh ds :i esa jguk vklku ughaA mls le; le; ij
ds fy, dgkA ,d fnu vYrkQ vQty dks Mh-,l-ih- njfoanj flag ds
lsuk] ch-,l-,Q- o ,l-Vh-,Q- tSlh lqj{kk ,tsafl;ka ijs'kku djrh jgrh
ikl ys x;kA mlls dgk x;k fd mls eksgEen uked ,d vkneh] tks
FkhaaA mldk ifjokj lqjf{kr jgs blfy, vQty xq# tSls vkReleiZ.k
xSj&d'ehjh Fkk] dks fnYyh ys tkuk gS vkSj mls ogka fdjk, dk ?kj
fd, gq, mxzoknh lqj{kk ,tsafl;ksa }kjk crk, x, lgh ;k xyr dke
fnyokuk gSA ogka dkj [kjhnokus ls ysdj mlus eksgEen dh lHkh izdkj
djus dks etcwj FksA tks iSls ns ldrs gSa mUgsa ijs'kku ugha fd;k tkrkA
ls enn dhA ,d fnu eksgEen us mls iSarhl gtkj #i, nsdj d'ehj
;kuh ;gka Hkh Hkz"VkpkjA ,d ckj ikjeiksj iqfyl LVs'ku ds iqfyldehZ
okil tkus ds fy, eqDr dj fn;kA bl chp vQty us fnYyh esa vkdj
vdcj us mlls ikap gtkj #i, ekaxs Fks vkSj fQjkSrh u feyus dh lwjr
viuh iRuh vkSj pkj o"kZ ds csVs xkfyc ds lkFk jgus ds QSlys ds lkFk
(151) (152)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
,d dejk Hkh bafnjk fogkj esa fdjk, ij ys fy;kA mlus pkfHk;ka edku ;g eksgEEn dkSu gS\ lcls xEHkhj ckr ;g gS fd mlus eksgEen dh enn
ekyfdu dks lkSairs gq, muls dgk fd og 'kh?kz ifjokj ds lkFk ykSVsxkA ,l-Vh-,Q- ds dgus ij dh ftl ckr dks U;k;ky; us ugha ekukA D;k
laln geys ds ckn d'ehj igaqp dj tc vxys fnu og lksiksj ;g U;k;ksfpr ugha gS fd ;fn vQty us ;g ckr dgh gS rks bl dks.k
dh cl idM+us ds fy, cl LVS.M ij [kM+k Fkk rks Jhuxj iqfyl us mls dh Hkh tkap gks fd laln geys esa ,l-Vh-,Q- dh dksbZ Hkwfedk Fkh ;k
fxjQ~rkj dj fy;k vkSj ikjeiksjk iqfyl Fkkus ys xbZA mlls iSarhl ugha\ ,l-Vh-,Q- dh Hkh ftEesnkjh gS fd ,d fu"i{k tkap ds mijkar
gtkj #i, ys fy, x,A fQj mls ,l-Vh-,Q- eq[;ky; ys x,A ogka ls viuh Hkwfedk lkQ djsA
fnYyh ys tk;k x;kA fo'ks"k lsy us ;gka mldks izrkfM++r djuk 'kq: ;fn ge ,slk ugha djrs rks laln geys dh lkft'k dh rg rd
fd;kA dHkh ugha igqpsaxs vkSj bl rjg ds geyksa dk [krjk cuk jgsxkA viuh
fo'ks"k lsy }kjk vk;ksftr izsl okrkZ esa tc mlus ;g dg fn;k lqj{kk ds fy, gesa ;g lp irk yxkuk t:jh gS fd laln ij geys dh
fd lS;n vCnqj jgeku fxykuh funksZ"k gSa rks ,-lh-ih- jktchj flag lkft'k fdlus dh\
ehfM;k ds lkeus mlij cgqr ukjkt gq, vkSj fefM;k dks ml c;ku dks
u fn[kkus ;k Nkius dk vkxzg fd;kA
vQty dks ;g le>k;k x;k fd ,l-Vh-,Q- dk lg;ksx djus D;k ldy ?kjsyw mRikn fodkl dk lgh
esa gh mldh HkykbZ gSA fnYyh esa mls mu txgksa ij ys tk;k x;k tgka ls vkadyu gS\
eksgEen us reke phtsa [kjhnh FkhaA fQj mls d'ehj ys x, vkSj ogka ls vke rkSj ij fdlh ns'k dk fodkl mldh vkfFkZd izxfr ls gh
okil fnYyhA mlls dbZ lkns dkxtksa ij gLrk{kj djk, x,A r; gksrk gSA ftruh vkfFkZd rjDdh gksrh gS fodkl mruk gh T;knk
vQty dks U;k;ky; esa viuh ckr dgus dk ekSdk ugha feykA ekuk tkrk gSA vkfFkZd izxfr dh eki ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ls gksrh gSA
U;k;k/kh'k us mlls dgk fd var esa mls ekSdk fn;k tk,xk ysfdu ldy ?kjsyw mRikn vFkZO;oLFkk ds izkFkfed] f}rh; ;k r`rh; {ks= esa gq,
vnkyr us mlds c;ku ntZ ugha fd, vkSj u gh ntZ fd, c;kuksa dks mls ysu nsu ds vkfFkZd ewY; ls r; gksrk gSA ftruk T;knk oLrqvksa o lsokvksa
fn[kk;k x;kA ;fn flQZ mls fd, x, Qksu dkWy dk gh fjdkWMZ fudkyk dk mRiknu o miHkksx gksxk mruk gh ldy ?kjsyw mRikn c<+sxk vkSj
tkrk rks irk py tkrk fd ,l-Vh-,Q- us mls fdrus Qksu fd,A mPp mruh gh rjDdh gksxhA nqfu;k ds T;knkrj ns'k o varjkZ"Vªh; foRrh;
U;k;ky; dk QSlyk vkus rd mlds eqdnes dh dSlh lquokbZ gks jgh gS laLFkku ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dks gh fodkl dk iSekuk ekurs gSaA dqN
mls bldk dksbZ vanktk gh ugha FkkA vFkZ'kkL=h bldks bruk egRo nsrs gSa fd mudk ,d ek= mn~ns'; flQZ
gks ldrk gS vQty us vius dks cpkus ds fy, mi;ZDr ckrsa ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dh Åaph fodkl nj dks cuk, j[kuk gksrk gSA ;fn
dgh gksaA fdUrq ;fn ;s ckrsa lgh gSa rks cM+h xEHkhj gSaA ,d rks vQty dk ;g nj fxjrh gS rks os ekurs gSa fd vFkZO;oLFkk esa eanh vk xbZA
laln geys ls flQZ bruk lEca/k Fkk fd mlus eksgEen uked ,d fdarq le; le; ij ;g loky Hkh mBrk jgrk gS fd D;k ldy
vkneh dh enn dh ftldh dksbZ Hkwfedk laln geys esa izrhr gksrh gSA ?kjsyw mRikn gh fodkl dk lgh iSekuk gS\ D;k ;g lexzrk esa fodkl
(153) (154)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
dks n'kkZrk gS\ ,slk rks ugha fd ;g ftruk fn[kkrk gS mlls T;knk dh t:jr iM+sxh rks vkfFkZd xfrfof/k esa ;ksxnku gksxkA iznwf"kr ikuh dk
Nqikrk gS\ D;k blds dqN izfrdwy ifj.kke Hkh gksrs gSa\ ;fn ldy ?kjsyw lh/kk ykHk cksrycan ikuh m|ksx dks feysxkA ;fn lekt vijk/k eqDr
mRikn fodkl dk lgh iSekuk ugha gS] rks D;k gksuk pkfg,\ vkb, ge gksxk rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa dksbZ ;ksxnku ugha gksxk] fdarq ;fn yksx
bu lokyksa ij fopkj djsaA lqj{k dehZ j[ksaxs] gfFk;kj [kjhnsaxs rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn c<+sxkA oSf'od
ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa lEiUurk dk forj.k rks utj ugha vkrkA Lrj ij ;fn ns'kksa ds chp 'kkafr o eS=h jgsxh rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa
;g vke ckr gS fd ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dh fodkl nj vPNh gks ysfdu dksbZ ;ksxnku ugha gksxk] fdarq ;fn ;q) gksaxs rks dqN ns'kksa ds gfFk;kj
ns'k esa vehj o xjhc dk varj c<+ jgk gksA bldk eryc ;g gqvk fd tks m|ksx dh lfdz;rk ls ogka dh vFkZO;oLFkk esa tku vk tk,xhA ;q) ds
Hkh izxfr gks jgh gS og lekt ds ,d vYila[;d lEiUu rcds rd gh ckn iqufuZekZ.k ds Hkh Bsds feyrs gSaA dbZ ckj ;s Bsds ;q) ds igys gh r;
lhfer gS vkSj mldk leku caVokjk ugha gks jgkA vkfFkZd fo"kerk ls gks tkrs gSa fd fdu ns'kksa dh fdu dEifu;ksa dks feysaxsA ;fn yksx ,d
LoLFk lekt dk fuekZ.k ugha gksrk D;ksafd ;s dbZ lkekftd leL;kvksa nwljs ls viuh vko';drkvksa dh iwfrZ djus ds fy, phtksa dk vknku
dk dkj.k curh gSA buesa vijk/k] fgalk] 'kkjhfjd ,oa ekufld jksx] iznku djsaxs rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa ;ksxnku ugha gksxk] ysfdu ogh
;qokvksa dh vr`Ir egRodka{kk,a] lkeqnkf;d thou dk fHk[kjko] ifjokjksa phtsa cktkj ls [kjhnsaxs rks vFkZO;oLFkk etcwr gksxhA ;fn yksx la;qDr
ds vanj o chp esa vfo'okl] 'kjkc o u'khyh nokvksa dk lsou] lkekftd ifjokj esa feytqy dj jgsaxs rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa dksbZ ;ksxnku ugha
vyxko] lekt ds oafpr rcdksa dk viuh vkcknh ds vuqikr ls T;knk djsaxs] ysfdu ;fn lEifRr ds caVokjs ds fy, eqdnes yM+s tk,axs] ubZ
tsyksa esa igqapuk] lekt esa f'k{kk o LokLF; ds fuEu Lrj] cs?kj gksuk o lEifRr;ksa dk l`tu gksxk] caVokjs dh nhokjsa cusaxh] NksVs ifjokj cktkj
vkRegR;k,a 'kkfey gSaA vr% tks fodkl gesa feyrk gS og ydokxzLr ls T;knk leku [kjhnsaxs rks vFkZO;oLFkk dks Qk;nk igqapsxkA LFkkuh;
gksrk gSA Lrj ij mRiknu o miHkksx cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk ds fy, Bhd ugha gSA tc
mRiknu dh iSfdax gksxh] og nwj tk,xk] ifjogu dk bLrseky gksxk rks
fuEufyf[kr mnkgj.kksa ij xkSj djus ls fodkl dh =qfViw.kZ
vFkZO;oLFkk esa ;ksxnku gksxkA ;fn x`gf.k;ka ?kj dk dke lEHkkyrh gSa rks
vo/kkj.kk dk cks/k gksrk gSA ;fn taxy gjs Hkjs [kM+s jgsaxs rks ldy ?kjsyw
ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa ;ksxnku ugha gksrk] ogha iq#"k ckgj tkdj jsLVksjsaV
mRikn esa ;ksxnku ugha djsaxs] ysfdu ;fn isM+ dkV dj cktkj esa csps
esa [kkuk idkrk gS ;k dksbZ is'ksoj efgyk ?kj ij cPPkksa dh ns[kHkky djrh
tk,axs rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn c<+sxkA ;fn yksx LoLFk gksaxs rks ldy
gS rks vFkZO;oLFkk esa ;ksxnku gksrk gSA ;fn dksbZ ekuork dh Hkkouk ls
?kjsyw mRikn esa ;ksxnku ugha djsaxs] ysfdu ;fn tYnh tYnh fcekj
nwljs dh enn djrk gS ftlls mls vkarfjd larqf"V feyrh gS rks ldy
iM+saxs] fpfdRld ds ikl tk;saxs] tkapsa djok,axs] nok,a [kjhnsaxs rks ldy
?kjsyw mRikn esa dksbZ ;ksxnku ugha gksrk] ogha ogh dke dksbZ is'ksoj dj ns
?kjsyw mRikn c<+sxkA ;fn yksx [kq'k vkSj larq"V gksaxs rks ldy ?kjsyw
rks vFkZO;oLFkk esa ;ksxnku gks tk,xkA ;fn dksbZ loZO;kih Hkxoku dh
mRikn esa ;ksxnku ugha djsaxs] ijUrq euksfpfdRld ds ikl tk,axs rks
vo/kkj.kk eku dj ?kj ij gh Hkxoku dks ;kn dj ysrk gS rks ldy ?kjsyw
ldy ?kjsyw mRikn c<+sxkA ;fn ikuh lkQ gksxk rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn
mRikn esa ;ksxnku ugha djrk] ysfdu ;fn og O;fDr rhFkZ;k=k ij
esa dksbZ ;ksxnku ugha gksxk] fdarq vkS|ksfxd dpjs ls] d`f"k esa jlk;uksa ds
fudy tkrk gS rks vFkZO;oLFkk esa ;ksxnku djrk gSA ;fn dksbZ O;fDr
bLrseky ls vFkok ?kjsyw xanxh ls ikuh xank gksxk vkSj mls lkQ djus
(155) (156)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:39 PM
?kj&lekt ds cM+s cw<+ksa ls lykg ys ys rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa dksbZ ifjf'k"V 6
;ksxnku ugha djsxk] ysfdu ;fn og O;fDr iSlk ysdj izopu djus okys Nk=ksa ds lkFk vU; xfrfof/k;ka
lar ds ikl pyk tk, vkSj mls ogka viuh leL;k dk lek/kku fey
tk, rks vFkZO;oLFkk esa ;ksxnku gksxkA
/keZ dk eeZ
;g Li"V gS fd ldy ?kjsyw mRikn izxfr dk lgh eki ugha gSA
blesa ekuoh; fj'rksa dh xq.koRrk] euq"; dk euksoSKkfud larqyu] izd`fr jkgqy [kqjkuk vkSj uhjt <syfj;k Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku]
ds lkFk leUo;] lqj{kk dh Hkkouk ;k ek= viuh ekSfyd t:jrsa iwjh gksus dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;] okjk.klh ds r`rh; o"kZ ds Nk= gSaA nksuksa dh
dk Hkh vanktk ugha yxk;k tk ldrkA mez gksxh djhc chl o"kZA djhc nks eghus igys nksuksa fo'ofo|ky; ds
eq[; }kj ds ckgj yadk cktkj esa jkr dks ,d vkSjr ls feys tks ogka
;g vo/kkj.kk fd cktkj esa fcdus okyh oLrqvksa ls euq"; dh
fofHkUu nqdkuksa ls Qsads x, xRrs ds fMCcs fcu jgh FkhA mldk uke pEik
t:jrsa iwjh gks tkrh gSa dh txg ,d lexz vo/kkj.kk fodflr djuh
gSA iwNus ij irk pyk fd og ogha QqVikFk ij gh vius rhu cPpksa]
iM+sxh ftlesa euq"; fdruk lq[kh gS ;g Hkh irk py ldsA HkwVku tSls
ftudh mez 5] 8 o 11 o"kZ gS o muesa ls ,d yM+dh gS] ds lkFk jgrh gS
ns'k viuh izxfr jk"Vªh; lq[k ekud ls r; dj jgs gSaA
vkSj xRrs ds fMCcs csp dj vius ifjokj dk [kpZ pykrh gSA ogha ,d
¼;g ys[k nsoka'k feRry ds lkFk feydj fy[kk x;k rks Hkkjrh; lwpuk lkoZtfud uy ij lqcg ugk ysrh gSA dqN [kjhn dj [kkrh gS] dqN yksx
izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] gSnjkckn ls ih,p-Mh- dj jgs gSaA½ cPPkksa dks Hkh[k Lo:i ns nsrs gSaA bl ifjokj dks vkl&ikl ds lHkh
nqdkunkj o ogka [kM+s gksus okys vkWVksfjD'kk pkyd tkurs gSaA lM+d ij
jgus ds dkj.k cPPkksa esa dqN cqjh vknrsa] tSls chM+h] flxjsV o vU; u'khys
inkFkksZa dk lsou o pksjh djuk] iM+ xbZ gSaA
nksuksa vfHk;kaf=dh ds Nk=ksa us lkspk fd bl ifjokj ds fy, D;k
fd;k tk ldrk gS\ mudks ;g le> esa vk;k fd tc rd bl ifjokj ds
jgus ds fy, ,d ?kj ugha gksxk rc rd budh ftanxh O;ofLFkr ugha gks
ik,xhA lks muds fy, ,d ?kj dh ryk'k 'kq: gqbZA cgqr ls edku
ekfyd tc pEik o mlds cPPkksa ds QVsgky diM+s ns[krs rks viuk ?kj
nsus ls euk dj nsrsA vkf[kj esa tkdj ,d edku ekfyd rS;kj gqvkA #-
1]200 dejs dk ekfld fdjk;k r; gqvkA Nk=ksa us dqN vfxze jkf'k Hkh ns
nhA
vc leL;k ;g fd ?kj cktkj ls ,d fdyksehVj dh nwjh ij
FkkA pEik }kjk ,d= fd, x, xRrs ds fMCcksa dh lqj{kk ds fy, ,d fnu
(157) (158)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
mlus vius cM+s csVs vjfoan dks ogha QqVikFk ij lksus dks dgk o [kqn [kkldj pwafd os t#jrean gSaA Nk=ksa dks bl dke esa r`fIr Hkh feyrh gSA
yM+dh o NksVs yM+ds dks ysdj ?kj pyh xbZA fdarq vxys fnu ls og iwjk bl le; ns'k&fons'k esa vpkud reke /kkfeZd fookn [kM+s gks x, gSaA
ifjokj ysdj fQj QqVikFk ij vk xbZA pEik ds fy, ?kj ls T;knk vius ns'k esa dbZ /kekZoyEch nwljs /keZ dks ekuus okyksa dk /kekZraj.k djkus
dherh os xRrs ds fMCcs Fks D;ksafd mUgha dks cspdj og ifjokj dk [kpZ ds ihNs iM+s gSaA lHkh vius&vius /keZ dks nwljs ls Js"B crk jgs gSaA dqN
pykrh FkhA ckr lquus esa cM+h vthc yxrh gSA ?kj gksrs gq, Hkh dksbZ dV~VjiaFkh fgald ?kVukvksa dks Hkh vatke ns jgs gSa] tSls gky esa ikfdLrku
QqVikFk ij D;ksa lks,\ fdarq bl ckr dks tc rd pEik ds n`f"Vdks.k ls o Qzkal esa gq, dRysvkeA
u ns[kk tk, rc rd ;g ckr le> esa vkrh ugha gSA
jkgqy o uhjt dks le> esa vk x;k gS fd laLFkkxr /keZ esa dksbZ
fQj nksuksa Nk=ksa us pEik dks le>k;k fd og de ls de cPpksa lek/kku ughaA blfy, os laLFkkxr /keZ ls eqDr gksdj lkFkh balkuksa dks
ds Hkfo"; ds ckjs esa lkspsA QqVikFk ij jgrs gq, cPps lqjf{kr ugha gSaA ,d lq[kh cukus dk iz;kl dj jgs gSaA vc bl ifjokj dh [kq'kh esa gh mudh
ckj os ?kj esa jgus yxrs rks mUgsa fo|ky; Hkstus ds ckjs esa Hkh lkspk tk Hkh [kq'kh gSA ;gh /keZ dk lgh eeZ gSA
ldrk gSA i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ dj gh muds thou Lrj esa dqN lq/kkj dh
fdlh dk /keZ cnyokuk ;k fdlh dks ekjuk /keZlaxr dk;Z dSls
xaqtkb'k FkhA oukZ cPPkksa dks Hkh pEik tSlk gh dksbZ dke dj ftanxh Hkj
gks ldrk gS\ /keZ ,d furkar O;fDrxr pht gS vkSj gjsd O;fDr dks
thfodk dh O;oLFkk djuh iM+sxhA pEik dks ;g Hkh dgk x;k fd ;fn
vf/kdkj gS fd og vius rjhds ls ft, tc rd mlds thus ls fdlh vkSj
mls dejs esa ugha jguk gS rks og nksuksa Nk=ksa dk iSlk D;ksa [kpZ djok jgh
dh ftanxh esa dksbZ O;o/kku u mRiUu gks jgk gksA yksxksa dks vius /keZ dk
gS\ [kSj pEIkk us iqu% ?kj esa jgus ds fy, gkeh HkjhA fdarq mldh
ikyu vius Lrj ij gh djuk pkfg, tSls jkgqy o uhjt dj jgs gSaA
ifjfLFkfr esa og fdrus fnuksa ?kj esa jg ik,xh ekywe ughaA cPps Hkh fdlh
bldk dksbZ lkoZtfud izn'kZu ugha gksuk pkfg,A
ikcanh ds vknh ughaA edku ekfyd rks jkr nl cts ds ckr rkyk yxk
nsrk gS ftlds ckn ?kj esa ugha tk;k tk ldrkA tc rd cPps ckfyx u gks tk,a muds Åij dksbZ laLFkkxr /keZ
Fkksik ugha tkuk pkfg,A mUgsa lkjs fopkjksa dk ewY;kadu dj vius fy,
jkgqy o uhjt ls iwNk x;k fd os bl ifjokj ij bruk iSlk
lcls mi;qDr /keZ dk p;u djuk pkfg,A ;fn yksx rkfdZd <ax ls
dSls [kpZ dj ik jgs gSa\ os tc Hkh cPpksa ls feyrs gSa mudh [kkus&ihus dh
lkspsaxs rks T;knkrj yksx jkgqy o uhjt tSlk gh dke djsaxsA dYiuk dh
lHkh QekZb'k iwjh djrs gSa & pk;] cu&eD[ku] bR;kfnA cPpksa dk
tk ldrh gS fd og nqfu;k fdruh lq[kh nqfu;k gksxh ftlesa dksbZ /kkfeZd
gky&pky tkuus os vk, fnu gh yadk igqap tkrs gSaA mudk dkQh iSlk
fookn ugha gksxkA gjsd O;fDr nwljs O;fDr ds viuk&viuk /keZ pquus ds
bl ifjokj ij [kpZ gks jgk gSA ysfdu mUgksaus dgk fd mUgsa dksbZ fpark
vf/kdkj dk lEeku djsxkA dk'k /kkfeZd dV~VjiaFkh bl ckr dks le>
ugha gSA igys os tks iSlk fo'ofo|ky; ifjlj ds vanj fLFkr fo'oukFk
ikrsA
eafnj ij p<+krs Fks og iSlk vc os pEik ds ifjokj ij [kpZ dj jgs gSaA
¼jkgqy o uhjt us vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh- NksM+us ls igys pEik ds cM+s csVs clarks dks
;s nks uotoku cgqr lkSHkkX;'kkyh gSa fd mudks /keZ dk vlyh
fd'kksj U;k; cksMZ ds ek/;e ls cky lq/kkj x`g esa j[kok;k fdarq Ms<+&nks
eryc bruh de mez esa le> esa vk x;kA muds fy, iRFkj dh ewfrZ dh
o"kZ ckn pEik us mls ogka ls fudky fy;kA eq[; ea=h dh vksj ls feyh #-
iwtk djus ds T;knk egRiw.kZ vc ftank balkuksa dh lsok djuk gks x;k gS]
(159) (160)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
50]000 dh lgk;rk esa ls #- 10]000 rkRdkfyd [kpZ ds fy, cSad [kkrs esa ij Nk= [kkrs gSa mlh ij os lks tkrs gSaA bu deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, ;fn dejs
NksM+ #- 40]000 vkB o"kksZa ds fy, pEik ds uke Mkd [kkus esa tek djk ugha rks MkWfeZVjh fdLe dh lksus dh O;oLFkk rks de ls de nh tkuh
fn, x, gSaA vc pEik ds ikl cSad [kkrk o vk/kkj dkMZ gSA fdarq iwjk pkfg,A vk'p;Z dh ckr gS fd vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh- esa cus u, Nk=koklksa esa esl
ifjokj ?kj NksM+ okil QqVikFk ij vk x;k gSA½ deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, dksbZ vyx ls 'kkSpky; ,oa Lukux`g dh O;oLFkk ugha
gS] tks fd gksuh pkfg,A xkao ls vkus okys buds fj'rsnkjksa] [kkldj
vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh- esa esl O;oLFkk esa lq/kkj dh vis{kk efgykvksa] ds #dus dh Hkh O;oLFkk gksuh pkfg,A

Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa lapkfyr eslksa 6- esl deZpkfj;ksa dks Je dkuwuksa ds fglkc ls gQ~rs esa ,d fnu NqV~Vh
esa dkQh lq/kkj dh vko';drk gS ftuesa ls dqN lq>ko bl izdkj gSa%& feyuh pkfg,A ;s NqV~Vh os ckjh&ckjh ls ys ldrs gSa rkfd esl dh
O;oLFkk izHkkfor u gksA
1- esl deZpkfj;ksa dks U;wure etnwjh dk Hkqxrku lqfuf'pr gksA vkbZ-
vkbZ-Vh- esa U;wure etnwjh #- 257 izfrfnu] 8 ?kaVksa ds dke ds] feyrs gSaA 7- vk;&O;; dh tkudkjh lkoZtfud gksuh pkfg,A bls dEI;wVj ij
bl nj ls izR;sd deZpkjh dks de ls de #- 7]710 izfr ekg feyrk gSA osclkbV ds ek/;e ls Hkh lHkh ds fy, miyC/k djk;k tk ldrk gSA
vfrfjDr ?kaVksa ds dk;Z dk vksojVkbe Hkqxrku gksuk pkfg,A bl le; 8- esl deZpkfj;ksa }kjk lQkbZ j[kus dh n`f"V ls gkFk o flj <dus ds
egkjkt vkSj eq[; ckophZ dks NksM +T;knkrj deZpkjh U;wure etnwjh ls dkjxj midj.k] ,XtkWLV ia[ks vFkok e'khusa yxs gksus pkfg,A xSl yhd
cgqr de ik jgs gSaA gksus o [kqys fctyh ds rkj tSlh phtksa dks xEHkhjrk ls fy;k tkuk pkfg,
2- esl deZpkfj;ksa ds ikl] blds ckotwn fd os 24 ?kaVksa vius dk;ZLFky vkSj bu leL;kvksa dk rqjar fujkdj.k gksuk pkfg, rkfd ge fdlh
ij jgrs gSa] dksbZ igpku i= ugha gksrk ftldh otg ls mudks rFkk nq?kZVuk dk f'kdkj gksus ls cpsaA
muls feyus vk, yksxksa dks fnDdr dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA gjsd esl ;fn vkidk vkSj dksbZ lq>ko gks rks fuEu esa ls fdlh ls lEidZ djsa%&
deZpkjh ds ikl ,d igpku i= gksuk pkfg,A 'kEch ;kno] esl egkjkt] 8009255309] fuf[ky tSu] Nk=]
3- esl deZpkfj;ksa dks fpfdRlk lsok,a gkfly djus dh n`f"V ls laLFkku 7800345663] fo'kky dqekj] Nk=] 8574119650] lanhi ik.Ms;]
dk deZpkjh ekuk tkuk pkfg, rkfd os dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds foftfVax QSdYVh] 0542 6702702] 2575389
deZpkjh LokLF; dsUnz vkSj vLirky dh lsok,a ys ldsaA izR;sd esl dks ¼;g ipkZ dqN esl deZpkfj;ksa ds lg;ksx ls rS;kj dj lHkh esl
dqN fpfdRlk dkMZ fn, tkus pkfg, tks vko';drk iM+us ij esl deZpkfj;ksa esa ckaVk x;k Fkk o ckn esa Kkiu ds :i esa laLFkku ds funs'kd
deZpkjh ,oa muds ifjokj tu bLrseky dj ldsaA dks fn;k x;kA ½
4- eslksa esa cky Je ij iw.kZr;k jksd yxsA
5- esl esa deZpkfj;ksa ds lksus vkSj viuk lkeku j[kus dh dksbZ O;oLFkk
ugha gSA os viuk lkeku pkSds ds fdlh dksus esa j[k nsrs gSa vkSj ftu estksa
(161) (162)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds Nk=ksa us Bksdh dksdk dksyk xzke lHkk dh tehu ij voS/k dCtk fd;k] leqnk; dks mlds Hkw&ty ij
la;a= ds rkcwr esa vkf[kjh dhy vf/kdkj ls oafpr fd;k] yksxksa dks ukSdjh nsus dk ok;nk dj >kalk fn;k]
yxHkx 200 ns'kksa esa tgka dksdk dkyk fcdrk gS 'kk;n Hkkjr esa i;kZoj.k dks iznwf"kr fd;k vkSj tgjhys dpjs dks [kkn crk dj fdlkuksa
mldk lcls cM+k cktkj gS fdarq i;kZoj.k dks uqdlku igqapkus okyh dks ckaVk ftlls Qlysa cjckn gks xbZaA tc yksxksa us dksdk dksyk ds
mldh dk;Z'kSyh ds dkj.k og fo'o Lrj ij vkykspuk dk f'kdkj cuh f[kykQ lSdM+ksa fdyksehVj ds tqywl fudky dj izn'kZu fd;k rks
gSA dksdk dksyk dh iznw"k.k QSykus] ekuokf/kdkj mYya?ku o vuSfrd iz'kklu us vkanksyu ds neu dk jkLrk viuk dj gekjs yksdra= dh
dkjxqtkfj;ksa ds dbZ lcwr vc nqfu;k ds lkeus gSaA Hkkjr esa dksdk dksyk gdhdr ls yksxksa dks voxr djk;kA
ds mRiknu ls HkwxHkZ ty Lrj esa fxjkoV o [ksrh dh Hkwfe dks catj cukus tcfd dksdk dksyk dk nkok gS fd mlds dpjs esa dksbZ
ds f[kykQ LFkkuh; fdlkuksa us viuh vkokt yxkrkj cqyan dh gSA dqN gkfudkjd rRo ugha gSa dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ dh tkap esa blds
la?k"kZ cgqr yEcs Hkh pys gSaA foijhr ifj.kke vk,A dEiuh esagnhxat ls djhc 50]000 ?ku ehVj ikuh
esagnhxat] okjk.klh fLFkr dksdk dksyk dk la;a= Hkkjr esa izfr o"kZ tehu ds vanj ls fudkyrh gSA bl {kerk dks c<+k dj mlus
IykphekMk] dsjy o flagkpoj] cfy;k ds ckn rhljk la;a= gS tks tu 2]50]000 ?ku ehVj izfr o"kZ djus gsrq vukifRr ekaxh FkhA mldk nkok gS
vkanksyu dh otg ls can gqvk gSA 6 twu] 2014] dks m-iz- iznw"k.k fu;a=.k fd orZEkku esa o"kkZ ty lap;u dk;Zdze ls og ftruk ikuh tehu ds
cksMZ us bl la;a= dks vuqefr ls T;knk HkwxHkZ ty nksgu vkSj T;knk ty uhps ls fudkyrh gS mldh {kfriwfrZ dj jgh gSA dksdk dksyk ds o"kkZ
nksgu ds ckotwn dpjs dh ek=k esa dksbZ c<+rjh u n'kkZ dj rF;ksa dks ty lap;u ds dqN dk;Zdze esagnhxat ls 25 fdyksehVj nwj py jgs gSa
Nqikus dk nks"kh ikrs gq, la;a= ds lapkyu gsrq nh xbZ vuqefr dks jn~n tks esagnhxat ds fdlkuksa ds fdlh dke ds ughaA o"kkZ ty ds lap;u dks
dj fn;kA dksdk dksyk Hkh xEHkhjrk ls Hkh ugha ysrhA gky gh esa Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh
gky gh esa la;qDr jkT; vejhdk esa loksZPp U;k;ky; us dksdk laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;] ds Nk=ksa ds dksdk dksyk ds f[kykQ
dksyk dks >wBs izpkj dk nks"kh ik;k gSA ;g dEiuh ,d Qy ds jlksa dk lfdz; gkus ds ckn ls mlus ifjlj ij LFkkfir o"kkZ ty lap;u ds
mRikn mu Qyksa ds uke ij csp jgh gS ftudh ek=k jl esa 0-3 o 0-2 la;a= dh ejEer djkbZA ,d ckj cuokus ds ckn mlus dHkh ykSV dj
izfr'kr gSA loksZPp U;k;ky; us izfr}anh dEiuh ikWe o.MjQqy dks ;g ns[kus dk d"V ugha fd;k fd og dke Hkh dj jgk gS vFkok ughaA
dksdk dksyk ds f[kykQ eqdnek nk;j djus dh vuqefr iznku dh gSA dksdk dksyk dk nkok gS fd mlds vkxeu ds ckn ls HkwxHkZ ty dh
dksdk dksyk ds bfrgkl esa yksxksa dks Hkzfer djus ds bl rjg ds dbZ fLFkfr lq/kjh gS fdarq m-iz- ljdkj us HkwxHkZ ty Lrj dh fparktud
mnkgj.k fey tk,axsA fLFkfr dks ns[krs gq, fdlkuksa ij u, cksjosy o gS.MiEi yxkus ij
izfrca/k yxk fn;k gSA
dksdk dksyk ds esagnhxat esa vkus ds ckn ls rckgh gh ns[kus dks
feyh gSA esagnhxat ds [ksrhgjksa us vke balkuksa ds vf/kdkjksa dh j{kk gsrq Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] ds Nk=ksa us blh o"kZ djkbZ xbZ ,d
la?k"kZ fd;k gSA 1999 esa dksdk dksyk ds bl {ks= esa izos'k ds ckn ls mlus tkap esa ik;k fd dksdk dksyk ds dpjs esa vHkh Hkh lqjf{kr Lrj ls 4 ls
130 xq.kk [krjukd rRo gSaA 'khry is; esa vHkh Hkh Mh-Mh-Vh-] ch-,p-lh-]
(163) (164)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
fy.Msu] DyksjikbjhQkWl o eSfYFk;kWu tSls dhVuk'kd ekStwn gSa tks ihus gqvk gS ij iw.kZ izfrca/k yxuk pkfg,A ;s dEifu;ka Hkkjr esa m|ksx yxkus
okyksa ds LokLF; ds fy, [krjk gSaA ugha cfYd gekjk ikuh ge gh dks fiyk dj Hkjiwj equkQk dekus vkbZ gSaA
dksdk dksyk us xzke lHkk dh tehu ij dCtk fd;k gqvk gS rFkk ikuh dh ;g ywV vc #duh pkfg,A
tehu dh [kjhn esa jktLo dh pksjh dh gSA iz'kklu ds ckj&ckj vkns'k
ij Hkh og xzke lHkk dh tehu NksM+us dks rS;kj ugha vkSj u gh cdk;k vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso Le`fr Hkw&vf/kxzg.k fojks/kh ekpZ
jktLo o ml ij yxk;k x;k tqekZuk gh nsus dks rS;kj gSA
dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls dk'kh fo|kihB
dksdk dksyk dgrh gS fd mlus viuk dkjksckj Hkkjr ds gj
22 ekpZ] 2016] Nk=ksa] izksQsljksa o ukxfjdksa dk ekpZ
fu;e&dkuwu dk ikyu djrs gq, fd;k gS tcfd fn[kkbZ ,slk iM+rk gS
fd mlus gjsd fu;e&dkuwu dh /kfTt;ka mM+kbZ gSaA fooknkLin Hkw&vf/kxzg.k v/;kns'k] 2014 esa ujsUnz eksnh ljdkj
}kjk izLrkfor ukS la'kks/kuksa us fcy dk fdlku fojks/kh pfj= ugha cnyk
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds rhljs o"kZ ds Nk=ksa us mi;ZqDr
gSA ge fuEu fcUnqvksa ij fcy dk fojks/k djrs gSa vkSj mlds [kkfjt fd,
lHkh fo"k;ksa ij lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds rgr iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ] dsUnzh;
tkus dh ekax djrs gSaA
HkwxHkZ ty izf/kdj.k] ftyk iz'kklu o m-iz- 'kklu ls lwpuk,a ekaxhA
mUgksaus bl o"kZ ifjlj ij dksdk dksyk ds f[kykQ ,d tqywl Hkh ;fn ljdkj vius fy, Hkh Hkw&vf/kxzg.k djrh gS rks 70 izfr'kr
v
fudkykA muds }kjk pkj jiVsa & igyh HkwxHkZ ty Lrj dh fLFkfr ij] fdlkuksa dh lgefr vko';d gksuh pkfg,A
nwljh iznw"k.k] rhljh Hkwfe ds nq#i;ksx rFkk pkSFkh tu vkanksyu ij & fcuk lkekftd izHkko ewY;kadu ds dksbZ Hkw&vf/kxzg.k ugha gksuk
v
rS;kj dh xbZ gSaA ;g jiVsa esagnhxat ds fdlkuksa ds vkanksyu dks lefiZr pkfg,A
dh xbZ gSaA ;g Li"V ugha dgk tk jgk gS fd flafpr cgq Qlyh Hkwfe] tks [kk|
v
dksdk dksyk] esagnhxat] la;a= ds can gksus dh [kcj baXyS.M vkSj lqj{kk gsrq egRoiw.kZ gS] dk vf/kxzg.k ugha fd;k tk,xkA
vejhdk ds v[kckjksa esa Ni jgh gS fdarq okjk.klh dh ehfM;k dksdk dksyk ;g dksbZ igyh ckj ugha gS fd dgk tk jgk gS fd izR;sd ifjokj tks
v
dk uke fy[kus ls drjk jgh gS vkSj mls flQZ ,d *'khry is; cukus foLFkkfir gksxk mlds ,d lnL; dks ukSdjh nh tk,xhA ge ,sls
okyh dEiuh^ ds :i esa bafxr dj jgh gSA D;k dksdk dksyk bruh fdrus yksxksa dks tkurs gSa ftudh Hkw&vf/kxzg.k ds ckn mUgsa ukSdjh
'kfDr'kkyh gS fd ehfM;k dh vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk Hkh izHkkfor dj feyh\ tks ckr ljdkj crkrh ugha og ;g fd ukSdjh rks ;ksX;rk
ldrh gS\ ehfM;k dks lkspuk gksxk fd mldh lgh Hkwfedk D;k gS & gksus ij gh feysxhA
yksxksa dks rF;ksa ls voxr djkuk vFkok dksdk dksyk ds O;olkf;d fgrksa ;g izko/kku fd ;fn vf/kxzfgr Hkwfe dk ikap lky rd dksbZ mi;ksx
v
dk laj{k.k djuk\ tks dEiuh Hkkjr ds yksdra= ds fy, [krjk cuus yxs ugha gksxk rks og okil fdlku ds ikl pyh tk,xh] dks NksM+ fn;k
mls Hkkjr ls fonk gh fd;k tkuk mfpr gksxkA isIlh o dksdk dksyk] x;k gSA
ftUgksaus Hkkjr ds 90 izfr'kr 'khry is; o ikuh ds cktkj ij dCtk fd;k
vkS|ksfxd xfy;kjs ds uke ij lM+d vFkok jsyos iVjh ds nksuksa
v
(165) (166)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
vksj ,d fdyksehVj tehu vfuf'pr yEckbZ esa ys yh tk,xhA eksuh'k cCcj] 8953988126] gsear dukSft;k] 8795217652
loksZPp U;k;ky; dk fn'kk funsZ'k fd eqvkotk U;k;ky; vFkok
v ¼mi;qZDr ipkZ in;k=k ds nkSjku ckaVk x;kA½
cSad [kkrs esa tek fd;k tk, dks utjvankt fd;k tk jgk gSA
vf/kdkjh tks dkuwu dk mYya?ku djs ds f[kykQ eqdnek ntZ djus
v vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh-&ch-,p-;w- ds n;kyq Nk= iM+ksl ds xkao
ls igys foHkkx ;k ljdkj dh vuqefr ysus okys izko/kku dks gVk;k
dh chekj efgyk dh enn gsrq vkxs vk,
ugha tk jgkA
45 o"khZ; ehuk nsoh] tks viuh mez ls cgqr T;knk fn[krh gSa]
dkuwu esa lq/kkj ds uke ij bls vkSj tu fojks/kh cuk fn;k x;k
igyh ckj ebZ 2015 esa Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds dqN Nk=ksa dks
gSA ;fn ljdkj dks tehu pkfg, rks og igys ls vf/kxzfgr tehu tks
ifjlj ds iM+ksl esa fLFkr xkao fNRrwiqj esa utj vkbZaA os vkaf'kd :i ls
Hkwfe cSadksa esa [kkyh iM+h gS] fo'ks"k vkfFkZd {ks= esa tks tehu vf/kxzg.k ds
'kkjhfjd pqukSrh dk lkeuk djrh gSa] cgqr detksj gSa vkSj viuk dksbZ
ckn [kkyh iM+h gS] can iM+s m|ksxksa ds ikl tks tehu gS] jsyos] lsuk o
dke] tSls 'kkSp tkuk] Hkh ugha dj ldrha gSaA ml le; os [kqn vius iSjksa
vaxzstksa ds tekus ds ljdkjh caxyksa esa tks vfrfjDr tehusa iM+h gSa] mUgsa
ij [kM+h Hkh ugha gks ldrh FkhaA muds ifr mUgsa mBk dj ,d txg ls
D;ksa ugha ysrh\
nwljh txg ys tkrs FksA os fiNys ikap o"kksZa ls blh voLFkk esa gSaA igys
fdlku rks igys ls csgky gSA mls U;wure leFkZu ewY; ugha og Bhd FkhaA mUgsa dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds lj lqanjyky
feyrk] [kkn o flapkbZ ds fy, ikuh dh O;oLFkk djus esa fnDdr vkrh fpfdRlky; Hkh ys tk;k x;k ysfdu mudh detksjh ds dkj.k nkokvksa
gS] izd`fr dh vfuf'prrk >syrk gS vkSj _.k vnk u dj ikus dh fLFkfr dks dksbZ [kkl vlj ugha gqvkA muds 50 o"khZ ifr NksVs yky] tks fjD'kk
esa vkRegR;k dj ysrk gSA fodkl] tks fdlku ds fgr ds lek;kstu ds pkyd gSa] jkst ?kj vkdj mUgsa ugykrs gSa rc Hkkstu djkrs gSaA
lkFk gksuk pkfg,] fdlku dh dher ij D;ksa gks jgk gS\
ebZ ls lax.kd foKku ,oa izkS|ksfxdh ds vafre o"kZ ds Nk= 'kqHke
ge fdlku fojks/kh Hkw&vf/kxzg.k fcy ds fojks/k esa MkW- lanhi tyku o 'kqHke lksuh] ftuds lkFk ckn esa iadt lksuh Hkh tqM+ x,]
ik.Ms; ds usr`Ro esa vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso dh Le`fr esa dk'kh fgUnw ifr&iRuh dks [kkuk viuh esl ls ys tkdj f[kyk jgs gSaA NksVs yky ds
fo'ofo|ky; ls dk'kh fo|kihB] ftu nksuksa fo'ofo|ky;ksa ds os dqyifr gkFk dh gM~Mh VwV tkus ds dkj.k mudk fjD'kk pykuk Hkh can gks x;kA
jgs] ds fudV Hkkjr ekrk eafnj rd ,d ekpZ vk;ksftr dj jgs gSaA
vk;qosZfnd fpfdRld 'ksQkyh laxy] tks Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh
lEidZ% uouhr ik.Ms;] 8004497758] vkdk'k xqIrk] 7752958215] vHk; laLFkku ds funs'kd izksQslj jktho laxy dh lqiq=h Hkh gSa] us ehuk dk
ikj[k] 8009007849] psru izdk'k xqIrk] 9454260420] vfHk"ksd ukFk] bykt Hkh 'kq: dj fn;kA mUgksaus lkIrkfgd ,uhek nsuk 'kq: fd;k ftl
8127230582] vk;q"k vxzoky] 9630635612] t;s'k cksjkuk] iz;kl esa vafre o"kZ lsjkfed vfHk;kaf=dh dh Nk=k Hkkjrh vxzoky Hkh
9468583999] xkSjo esgrk] 8765120454] jks'ku dqekj js] 8174050039] tqM+ xbZA
ds'ko dqekj] 9695912890] eksgEen rkfjd] 7060141686] vfHk"ksd flag]
fNRrwiqj xkao ds gh nfyr fuoklh fodze] ftUgksaus 'kS{kf.kd l=
9936348318] e/kqi dsfM;k] 7753073835] jtr nqgw.k] 9807445864]
(167) (168)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
2015&16 esa dk'kh fo|kihB esa ,e-,l-MCyw- esa nkf[kyk fy;k gS] Hkh vkbZ- mlus viuk tqeZ dcwy fy;k ysfdu crk;k fd pksjksa us mldk eksckby o
vkbZ-Vh- ds Nk=ksa dh enn djus yxsA dqN egRoiw.kZ nLrkost j[k fy, Fks vkSj blh vk/kkj ij mls CySdesy
Hkkstu vkSj nok] vkSj mlls T;knk 'kk;n tks Nk=&Nk=kvksa dk dj jgs FksA iqfyl dh enn ls pksjksa esa ls nks idM+s x,A lat; dks yxrk
Lusg mUgsa feyk] ls ehuk vc vius vki [kM+h gksus yxh gSa] [kfV;k ij gS fd mlus xyr fd;k vkSj mls vius fd, ij vQlksl gSA gekjk
cSBus yxh gSa vkSj igys ls T;knk ckrsa djus yxh gSaA ekuuk gS fd lat; ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk f'kdkj cu x;k vkSj mls ftUnxh esa
Nk=ksa us NksVs yky dk vk/kkj dkMZ cuok fn;k gSA 'kh?kz gh cSad ,d ekSdk feyuk pkfg,A
[kkrk [kqy tk,xk vkSj ;qxy ds fy, jk'ku dkMZ Hkh cuokus dk iz;kl ;g vihy gS lat; dh enn djus ds fy, rkfd mldk dtZ
gksxkA vnk fd;k tk ldsA
lkgwdkj ftuls lat; us iSls fy,%
vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh-&ch-,p-;w- dk Nk=] tks lQkbZdehZ dh rjg dke 1- jksfgrkl dqekj] #i, ,d yk[k] 3 izfr'kr ekfld C;kt ij
djrk gS] dh enn gsrq vihy 10@8@14 dks fy,A
lat; ¼uke cny dj fy[kk x;k gS½] fuoklh ftyk vyoj] 2- vt; dqekj] #i, ipkl gtkj] 3 izfr'kr ekfld C;kt ij
jktLFkku] Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa 15@7@15 dks fy,A
[kuu vfHk;kaf=dh esa izFke o"kZ dk Nk= gSA mlds firk us pkj lkgwdkjksa 3- jes'k xqTtj] #i, ,d yk[k] 2 izfr'kr ekfld C;kt ij 13@5@13
ls #- 2]70]000 lat; dh i<+kbZ o fpfdRlk gsrq m/kkj fy, FksA lkgwdkjksa dks fy,A
ls fy, x, iSlksa dk fooj.k fuEufyf[kr gSA firk dks ydok ekj tkus ds
4- egsUnz ;ksxh] #i, chl gtkj] fcuk C;kt] fy,A
dkj.k os vc ifjokj dk [kpZ pykus esa v{ke gSaA lat; fcekjh ds dkj.k
izFke o"kZ dh ijh{kk,a ugha ns ik;k vr% mls izFke o"kZ nksgjkuk iM+sxkA fuosnd%
;fn m/kkj okil u gqvk rks lat; dks i<+kbZ NksM+ tkdj m/kkj ykSVkus ds #rqtk Nktsn] 9145249299] vafre o"kZ ck;ksesfMdy vfHk;kaf=dh dh
fy, dke djuk iM+sxkA mlus vHkh gky esa xzke iapk;r 'kkgiqj ls ukyh Nk=k
lQkbZ dk dke djds #- 4]000 vftZr fd,A og vkthfodk ds fy, eksuh'k cCcj] 8953988126] vafre o"kZ ;kaf=d vfHk;kaf=dh ds Nk= lanhi
crZu o Vs.V ds lkeku Hkh lkQ djrk gSA og ranwjh jksVh Hkh cukrk gS] ik.Ms;] foft+fVax QSdYVh] jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh
ysfdu vius xkao ls nwj] tgka mldh tkfr dksbZ ugha tkurkA og de ¼gesa [kq'kh gS fd Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds
mez esa gh cky etnwj cu x;k FkkA if'pe Hkkjr ds HkwriwoZ Nk=ksa ds laxBu us vk'kh"k Hkkjrh;k ds usr`Ro esa
31@10@15 dks og nqHkkZX; ls dqN lkbfdy pksjksa ds pDdj esa lat; dk _.k vnk djus dh ftEesnkjh yh vkSj mls lQyrkiwoZd iwjh
Qal x;k vkSj vius gh Nk=kokl fo'osljS;k ls ikap lkbfdysa pksjh djk dhA blds ckn mls laLFkku vkSj mlds foHkkx ls Hkh enn feyhA½
nhaA tc eq[; izkWDVj o Nk=kokl ds okMZu us mlls iwNrkN dh rks
(169) (170)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
ifjf'k"V 7 FkhA bl rjg vHkh vuqekfur ykxr dk djhc 15 izfr'kr /ku gh [kpZ
lksuHknz esa dUgj cka/k o fetkZiqj esa voS/k [kuu ij vk[;k gqvk gSA ;g vLi"V gS fd 7 ebZ] 2015 ds vius QSlys esa gfjr U;k;ky;
us ,slk D;ksa dgk gS fd bl foyfEcr ifj;kstuk ij cM+h jkf'k [kpZ dh
lksuHknz esa dUgj cka/k ifj;kstuk dh rF;kUos"k.k vk[;k
tk pqdh gS\ tks jkf'k [kpZ dh tk pqdh gS og fuf'pr :i ls cM+h gS
ihiqYl ;wfu;u Qkj flfoy fycVhZt+ ysfdu ifj;kstuk iwjk gksrs gkrs ftruk dqy feykdj [kpZ gksxk mldk
,d NksVk fgLlk gh gSA
nkSjs dh rkjh[k% 19 vxLr] 2015 ifj;kstuk dks 14 vizSy 1980 dks feyh i;kZoj.kh; Lohd`fr ds
lnL;% ¼1½ Lokeh Kku Lo:i lkuan ¼izksQslj xq# nkl vxzoky½ vk/kkj ij vkxs c<+k;k tk jgk gSA flok; 22 Qjojh 1982 ds ou foHkkx
¼2½ lanhi ik.Ms;] la;kstd ds ,d i= ftlesa 2422-593 ,dM+ vFkok 980-4 gsDVs;j ou foHkkx dh
Hkwfe flapkbZ foHkkx dks gLrkarfjr dh xbZ gS] ou foHkkx dh dksbZ vU;
¼3½ vjfoan ewfrZ
Lohd`fr Hkh ugha gSA ljdkj dks yxrk gS fd pwafd i;kZoj.kh; Lohd`fr]
¼4½ mfeZyk fo'odekZ i;kZoj.k ¼lqj{kk½ vf/kfu;e 1986 ds igys fey pqdh Fkh blfy,
,d rF;kUos"k.k ny us dUgj cka/k LFky dk nkSjk fd;k ;g ns[kus ifj;kstuk dks vf/kfu;e ds rgr 1994 vkSj@;k 2006 esa tkjh
ds fy, fd cka/k fuekZ.k dk;Z dh D;k fLFkfr gS vkSj gky esa gqbZ Hkkjh o"kkZ vf/klwpukvksa ds ckn Hkh i;kZoj.kh; Lohd`fr ugha pkfg, ;k pwafd ou
ls ml ij D;k izHkko iM+k gSA foHkkx dh Lohd`fr ou ¼laj{k.k½ vf/kfu;e 1980 ds igys fey pqdh Fkh
2015 dh cjlkr esa 311-75 ehVj fLiyos cukus ds fy, tks blfy, mls ou Hkwfe dks fdlh vU; mi;ksx ds fy, nsus ds igys dsUnzh;
dkWQj cka/k cuk;k x;k Fkk og cqjh rjg {kfrxzLr gqvk gSA dkWQj cka/k dk ljdkj dh Lohd`fr dh vko';drk ugha gSA
cM+k fgLlk rks ikuh esa cg x;k gSA vHkh rd flQZ fLiyos dh 1 ehVj fdarq dsUnzh; ty vk;ksx }kjk 16 flrEcj 2010 dks tc
uhao tks cka/k ds e/; dk dkadzhV dk fgLlk gS cuh gSA dkWQj cka/k ds VwV foLrkfjr fLiyos ds lkFk la'kksf/kr ifj;kstuk dks eatwjh feyh rks bl ij
tkus ls ck<+ ds lkFk tks xkn vkSj iRFkj vk, mlls ;s iwjk Hkj x;k gS *ubZ cM+h* ifj;kstuk Js.kh esa fopkj gqvkA gekjk ekuuk gS fd pwafd
vkSj u, fljs ls fuekZ.k ds fy, igys ;gka lQkbZ djuh iM+sxhA ;g ns[krs ifj;kstuk vHkh 'kq#vkrh voLFkk esa gS bls ubZ ifj;kstuk eku dj bls
gq, fd cka/k dh vafre ÅapkbZ mlds mi;ksx ds vuqlkj 39-9 ;k 52-9 iqu% ou foHkkx ,oa i;kZoj.k foHkkx ls vuqefr ysuk t:jh gSA
ehVj gksxh] vHkh cka/k izkjfEHkd voLFkk esa gh gSA vHkh rd ifj;kstuk ij 980-4 gsDVs;j ou foHkkx dh tehu ds cnys [k.M ou
mRrj izns'k ds flapkbZ foHkkx ds vf/k'kk"kh vfHk;ark fot; dqekj vf/kdkjh] js.kqdwV }kjk 666 gsDVs;j ij o`{kkjksi.k dk nkok fd;k x;k gS
JhokLro ls Qksu ij gqbZ okrkZ ds eqrkfcd #- 300&400 djksM+ [kpZ fd, fdarq yxk, x, isM+ksa esa fdrus cps bldk dksbZ vkadM+k ugha gSA blds
tk pqds gSaA vykok 314 gsDVs;j Hkwfe ij o`{kkjksi.k dk dksbZ izLrko ugha gSA blls ou
2010 esa ifj;kstuk dh dqy ykxr #- 2252-29 djksM+ vkadh xbZ foHkkx dh ykijokg izo`fRr dk vanktk yxrk gSA bl mnkgj.k ls gh
Li"V gS fd fcuk ou ;k i;kZoj.k foHkkx dh vuqefr ds c<+kbZ tk jgh
(171) (172)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
ifj;kstuk esa i;kZoj.k dh fdruh fpark dh tk,xhA dks ek= jktuhfrd dkj.kksa ls gh c<+k;k tk jgk gSA dqN fufgr LokFkhZ
rRo Hkh blesa 'kkfey gks x, gSa tSlk fd ns'k dh gjsd NksVh&cM+h
foLFkkfir yksxksa dk iquokZl *vuqlwfpr tutkfr o vU;
ifj;kstuk ds lkFk gksrk gSA yksxksa ds fodkl ds uke ij cM+h deh'ku dh
ouoklh gsrq ou vf/kdkj] Hkw&vf/kxzg.k] iquokZl o iquLFkkZiu esa mfpr
jdeksa ls equkQk dekus dk [ksy gSA
eqvkotk o ikjnf'kZrk vf/kfu;e 2013* ds rgr gksuk pkfg,A fdarq yksx
iquokZl dh izfd;k ls larq"V ugha gSa vkSj gesa ftykf/kdkjh dks fn, x, Lokeh Kku Lo:i lkuan tks igys izksQslj xq# nkl vxzoky ds
Kkiu dh ,d izfr Hkh lkSaihA iz'kklu }kjk eqvkots gsrq tks lwph rS;kj uke ls tkus tkrs Fks dh ,d vk[;k vyx ls Hkh nh tk jgh gSA ;g gekjk
dh xbZ gS og =qfViw.kZ gSA mRrj izns'k ds 11] NRrhlx<+ o >kj[k.M ds lkSHkkX; gS fd muds tSls O;fDr us gekjs lkFk cka/k LFky ij vkdj viuh
4&4 xkao cka/k ds Mwc {ks= esa fpfUgr fd, x, gSaA #- 7]11]000 eqvkots jk; nhA
dh jkf'k miyC/k djkbZ xbZ gSA xkao esa ewy :i ls jgus okyksa ds fy, lanhi ik.Ms;
150 oxZ ehVj dk ,d vkoklh; Hkw&[k.M Hkh fn;k tk jgk gSA fdarq ;fn la;kstd] rF;kUos"k.k ny
1980 dh lwph ds vk/kkj ij iquokZl r; gksxk rks vanktk yxk;k tk
foftfVax izksQslj] jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx]
ldrk gS fd fdrus yksx NwV tk,axsA gky gh esa ,d fojks/k izn'kZu tks
fgald gks x;k Fkk ds ckn lksuHknz ftyk iz'kklu orZeku esa izHkkfor xkaoksa Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;] okjk.klh
esa jgus okys yksxksa dk ,d losZ{k.k djk jgk gS tks foLFkkfir gksaxsA ;g
fn[kkrk gS fd iz'kklu] ftldh izkFkfedrk fdlh rjg yksxksa dks gVkuk dUgj cka/k ¼veokj] nqn~/kh] mRrj izns'k½ ifj;kstuk% orZeku
gS] iquokZl ds izfr fdruk xEHkhj gSA fLFkfr] laHkkouk,a o vk'kadk,a
gesa ;g Hkh ;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd Mwc {ks= vfnoklh cgqy ¼19 vxLr] 2015 dks cka/k LFky ds nkSjs o v/;;u ij vk/kkfjr½% Lokeh
bykdk gSA iapk;r ¼vuqlwfpr {ks= esa foLrkj½ vf/kfu;e] 1996] ds rgr Kku Lo:i lkuan ¼igys izksQlj xq# nkl vxzoky] v/;{k] ukxjh;
vuqlwfpr {ks= esa iapk;rksa dks LFkkuh; Lrj ij Lo&'kklu dk vf/kdkj gS vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx] Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dkuiqj o
vkSj os tehu ls csn[kyh dh izfdz;k dks jksd ldrh gSa ,oa ftu lnL;&lfpo] dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ] ubZ fnYyh½
vuqlwfpr tkfr ds yksxksa ls tehu yh xbZ gS mUgsa okil fnyk ldrh gSaA
1- orZeku LFkyh; fujh{k.k dk dkj.k jk"Vªh; gfjr U;k;ky; }kjk cka/k
mRrj izns'k ljdkj ,oa lksuHknz ftyk iz'kklu iapk;r ¼vuqlwfpr {ks=
ds f[kykQ ,d tu fgr ;kfpdk ds lanHkZ esa fu;kstu o fdz;kUo;u esa
esa foLrkj½ vf/kfu;e ds izfr vufHkK cuk gqvk gSA
i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls vfu;ferrvksa dk ftdz djuk ¼eq[; :i ls
vr% gekjk ekuuk gS fd bl nqHkkZX;iw.kZ ifj;kstuk dks vkxs i;kZoj.kh; izHkko dk ewY;kadu ;k tu lquokbZ dk vHkko o 30 o 10 o"kZ
c<+kus esa cqf)ekuh ugha gSA mifyZf[kr dkuwuksa dk Bhd ls ikyu gksuk igys yh xbZ dze'k% i;kZoj.kh; o ou Lohd`fr;ka½A blds ckotwn jk"Vªh;
pkfg, vU;Fkk ifj;kstuk dks jn~n dj nsuk gh mfpr gksxk ftlls dkQh gfjr U;k;ky; us tc rd bl ifj;kstuk dks i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls
/ku dk nq#i;ksx cp tk,xk D;ksafd ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd ifj;kstuk vuqdwy ugha cuk;k tkrk rc rd dke jksdus ls euk dj fn;k D;ksafd
(173) (174)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
dkQh dke gks pqdk gS vkSj dkQh iSlk [kpZ gks pqdk gSA ;g nkSjk fuekZ.k dk fu.kZ; fy;k FkkA MkW- eueksgu flag us lkQ dgk Fkk fd tks iSlk [kpZ
dk;Z dh izxfr o fdruk iSlk [kpZ gks pqdk gS mldk vanktk ysus ds fd;k tk pqdk gS og dksbZ otg ugha gks ldrk fd ge ,slh ifj;kstuk
fy, FkkA dks vkxs c<+k,a ftldk i;kZoj.k ij izfrdwy izHkko iM+sA jk"Vªh; gfjr
2- orZeku fuekZ.k o [kpZ dh fLFkfr% cka/k ds dsUnz esa ,d dkadzhV dk U;k;ky; dks le>uk pkfg, fd ;g ,d vR;ar [kjkc mnkgj.k LFkkfir
fLiyos fgLlk gS vkSj nksuksa vksj jkWd fQy fgLls ¼djhc 1000 ehVj nkbZa gksxk ;fn og flQZ tks iSlk [kpZ gks pqdk gS mldks dkj.k crk dj fcuk
rjQ o 700 ehVj ckbZa rjQ½] dPps cka/k nksuksa rjQ dqy feykdj 2-5 ifj;kstuk dh i;kZoj.kh; vuqdwyrk lqfuf'pr fd, mls eatwjh ns nsrh
fdyksehVj] cpko gsrq fuekZ.k o nksuksa rjQ ugjsa fudyh gSaA tkfgj gS fd gSA
blesa lcls egRoiw.kZ o [kphZyk dsUnzh; dkadzhV dk fgLlk o nksuksa vksj 4- esjh lcls cM+h vk'kadk ;g gS fd izLrkfor dUgj cka/k dk tks ljksoj
iRFkj Hkjko ls cus fgLls gSa D;ksafd unh dh 'kfDr dks ;gh jksdrs gSaA tgka cusxk og rki fo|qr ekfQ;k dks vkdf"kZr djsxk] tSlk fjgUn cka/k esa
rd bu t:jh o [kphZys fgLlksa dk loky gS cgqr de] 2&3 izfr'kr gqvk] ftldh otg ls gok] ikuh o ifjfLFkfrdh izfrdwy <ax ls izHkkfor
Hkh ugha] dke vHkh gqvk gSA flQZ uhao [kksn dj ,d ehVj xgjkbZ dk gksxhA
dkadzhV Mkyk x;k gS tks ck<+ esa <d Hkh x;k gS ftls fdlh u, fuekZ.k ds
igys lkQ djuk iM+sxkA esjk vanktk gS fd vHkh rd cka/k ds egroiw.kZ
voS/k iRFkj dzf'kax] dfaVax] iksdyS.M e'khuksa o foLQksVksa dks
fgLls ij #i, lkS djksM+ Hkh ugha [kpZ gq, gksaxs tks bl tSlh ifj;kstuk
jksdus gsrq ,d vkanksyu
ds fy, dksbZ cM+h jde ugha gSA
m-iz- ds fetkZiqj ftys esa] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls dksbZ 40
3- mi;qZDr fuekZ.k ds vykok nksuksa rjQ dPps cka/k o ugjksa ds tky dk
fd-eh- nwj vgjkSjk {ks= esa cM+s iSekus ij voS/k iRFkj dzf'kax] dfaVax o
fuekZ.k gks pqdk gS o Hkw&vf/kxzg.k] iquokZl o LFky ij lqfo/kkvksa gsrq [kpZ
iksdyS.M e'khusa [kqys vke dke dj jgh gSaA iRFkj dks rksM+us esa vklkuh
gqvk gSA fiNys dqN eghuksa esa Mkbot+Zu Lij o pSuyksa ij tks [kpZ gqvk
gks bl mn~ns'; ls jkstkuk igkM+ksa esa foLQksV] tks voS/k gS] Hkh fd;k tkrk
Fkk og gky dh ck<+ esa cg x;kA blds vykok tks [kpZ gS og =qfViw.kZ
gSA {ks= ds nks ukxfjdksa lqjsUnz flag o ikjlukFk ;kno us Lora= :i ls
fu;kstu ;k xSj t:jh ;k rS;kjh ds dkeksa esa gqvk gSA ;fn fu;kstu Bhd
ftykf/kdkjh] fetkZiqj ls lwpuk ds vf/kdkj] 2009 ds rgr iwNk fd D;k
ls fd;k x;k gksrk rks dPps cka/kksa o ugjksa dk dke eq[; cka/k ds dke ds
bu iRFkj dzf'kax] dfaVax o iksdyS.M e'khuksa o foLQksV dks dgha ls
lkFk lkFk c<+uk pkfg, FkkA blfy, ;fn dqy [kpZ esjs vankt ls #-
vuqefr izkIr gS\ mUgksaus bu xfrfof/k;ksa ds lapkyu gsrq m-iz- iznw"k.k
300&400 djksM+ ls T;knk dk Hkh gqvk gks rks Hkh eSa ;g ugha dgwaxk fd
fu;a=.k cksMZ }kjk r; dh xbZ fu;ekoyh Hkh ekaxhA 15 fnlEcj] 2014 ds
fcuk i;kZoj.kh; vuqdwyrk ds ifj;kstuk dks vkxs c<+k;k tk,A jk"Vªh;
,d tokc esa 64 ,slh dzf'kax ,oa dfVax bdkb;ksa dh lwph nh xbZ gS ftUgsa
rki fo|qr fuxe dk nkok Fkk fd mRrjk[k.M esa HkkxhjFkh unh ij
vf/kdkfj;ksa us tCr fd;k gSA 17 ,slh dzf'kax ,oa dfVax la;a= bdkb;ksa
yksgkjh ukxikyk iu fctyh ifj;kstuk ij 2010 rd mlus #- 1000
dh lwph nh xbZ gS tks fu;ekuqlkj py jgh gSaA ftys esa dqy 108 dzf'kax
djksM+ [kpZ dj fn, Fks ftl le; Hkkjr ljdkj o jk"Vªh; xaxk unh
,oa dfVax bdkb;ka LFkkfir dh xbZ gSaA 4 ekpZ] 2015 ds ,d tokc esa
?kkVh izkf/kdj.k us xaxk th o i;kZoj.k laj{k.k gsrq ifj;kstuk jn~n djus
(175) (176)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
crk;k x;k gS fd foLQksV gsrq fdlh dks Hkh vukifRr izek.k i= ugha la;a= ds ekfyd vejukFk flag us ikjlukFk ;kno o nl vU; yksxksa ds
fn;k x;k gSA ftu nks yksxksa] c`ds'oj izrki flag o lkSfe= ekS;Z dks f[kykQ uketn rFkk lSdM+ksa vKkr yksxksa ds f[kykQ Hkkjrh; n.M
foLQksV djus gsrq vuqKfIr;ka izkIr Fkha os dze'k% 24 twu 2012 o 11 lafgrk dh /kkjkvksa 147] 323] 504] 506] 427] 336 o 7 vkijkf/kd dkuwu
Qjojh] 2014 dks lekIr gks xbZaA 19 twu] 2015 dks izkIr ,d tokc esa ¼la'kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e 1932 ds rgr vgjkSjk Fkkus esa izkFkfedh ntZ djk
crk;k x;k fd dzf'kax o iksdyS.M e'khuksa dks dksbZ vuqefr izkIr ugha nhA ;g ekfydksa dh vksj ls tokch dk;Zokgh FkhA
gSA bu lHkh tokcksa ls irk yxrk gS fd T;knkrj iRFkj dzf'kax o dfVax bl izkFkfedh us yksxksa dh xksycanh esa vkSj enn dhA 12 vxLr]
e'khusa rFkk lHkh iksdyS.M e'khusa o igkM+ksa esa foLQksV voS/k :i ls 2015 dks VSªDVj Vªkfy;ksa esa Hkjdj lSdM+ksa yksx pqukj rglhy igqaps o
lapkfyr fd, tk jgsa gSaA ;g vk'p;Z dk fo"k; gS fd brus cM+s iSekus ij mi&ftykf/kdkjh ls izkFkfedh okil ysus dh ekax dhA mUgksaus iRFkj
;s voS/k xfrfof/k;ka py jgh gSa vkSj dksbZ buds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh djus nksgu lEcaf/kr voS/k xfrfof/k;ksa ij LFkkbZ :i ls izfrca/k yxkus dh ekax
dks ugha rS;kj gSA dh tks muds i;kZoj.k] jkstxkj] LokLF;] xHkZorh efgykvksa o vU; eknk
m-iz- iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ds ekudksa ds fglkc ls dksbZ Hkh i'kqvksa] o`{k] Qly] e`nk] cPpksa dh f'k{kk] ?kjksa ds <kapksa ,oa lEiw.kZ thou
dzfa'kax e'khu ekuo vkcknh ls ,d fd-eh- ls T;knk nwjh ij gksuh pkfg,] ds fy, [krjk gSaA LokLF; ls lEcaf/kr [krjksa esa Vh-ch-] lkal dh fcekjh]
nks dzf'kax e'khuksa ds chp de ls de 400 ehVj dh nwjh gksuh pkfg,] ân; ,oa ekufld jksx izeq[k gSaA Qlyksa o Qynkj o`{kksa dk mRiknu
ckm.Mªh nhokj ls e'khu 50 ehVj nwj gksuh pkfg,] gkbZos ls 500 ehVj o izHkkfor gqvk gSA xfrfof/k;ksa ds voS/k Lo:i ds dkj.k ljdkj dks Hkh
vU; ekxksZa ls 300 ehVj ls T;knk nwjh gksuh pkfg,] jk"Vªh; ikdksZa] jktLo dh Hkkjh gkfu gks jgh gSA /kqfj;k] ftxuk] dapuiqj] enkiqj Mdgh
vH;kj.; o cxhpksa ls 3 fd-eh- nwj] unh ds ck<+ izHkkfor {ks= ls 500 o ckjkMhg ds xzke iz/kkuksa us Hkh yksxksa dh dk;Zokgh dk leFkZu fd;k gSA
ehVj nwj] la;a= ds vanj dh lHkh lM+dsa iDdh gksuh pkfg,a] 33 izfr'kr fcuk xzke iapk;rksa dh vuqefr ds ;s iRFkj nksgu dh xfrfof/k;ka
Hkwfe ij o`{kkjksi.k gksuk pkfg,] tehu ij ikuh fNM+dus dh O;oLFkk vkSj vlaoS/kkfud gSa D;ksafd ;s 73osa la'kks/ku dh Hkkouk ds foijhr gSaA
la;a= ds ikl U;wure 1 gsDVs;j tehu gksuh pkfg,A ekfyd dks /kwy o izkFkfedh yksxksa ds mRlkg ij vadq'k yxkus ds fy, FkhA
/ofu iznw"k.k ls vius Lrj ls fuiVuk gksxkA ;fn {ks= esa yxh e'khuksa dks /khjs&/khjs tks la;a= can djk, x, Fks os ,d&,d dj iqu% 'kq: gks x, gSaA
ns[kk tk, rks ekywe gksxk fd iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ds ekudksa dh dSls tkfgj gS fd iz'kklu la;a= ekfydksa dh voS/k xfrfof/k;ksa ds f[kykQ
/kfTt;ka mM+kbZ tk jgh gSa\ dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha djuk pkg jgk gSA
ftyk Lrj ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ls tokc ikdj yksxksa esa dkQh tks'k ,d nq"izpkj fd;k tk jgk gS fd bu la;a=ksa ds can gksus ls
vk x;k vkSj 26 tqykbZ] 2015 dks vgjkSjk {ks= ds /kqfj;k] enkpd] csjkstxkjh c<+ tk,xhA gdhdr ;g gS fd e'khuksa ds vk tkus ls {ks= esa
ftxuk] gqlSuiqj] cxfg;k] Mdgh] vkuanhiqj] iSxEcjiqj] dapuiqj] djhc Ms<+ yk[k etnwj csjkstxkj gks x, gSaA etnwjksa dk dguk gS fd
ckjkMhg o fcaniqjok xkao ds gtkjksa yksxksa us lM+d ij fudy dj voS/k LFkkuh; yksxksa dh lgdkjh lfefr;ka cukdj mudks Bsds nsdj igys dh
xfrfof/k;ksa dks la;a= LFkyksa ij tkdj 'kkafriw.kZ rjhds ls :dok fn;kA rjg gkFk ls iRFkj rksM+us dk dke djk;k tk,A
ekfyd la;a= NksM+dj pys x,A ysfdu 27 tqykbZ] 2015 dks ,d dzf'kax
(177) (178)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
bl vkanksyu ls ,d loky [kM+k gks x;k gS fd fdl fdLe dh okjk.klh ls jkcVZ~lxat voS/k [kuu ds f[kykQ in;k=k
izkS|ksfxdh okaNuh; gS\ rst xfr ls cM+s iSekus ij izkd`frd lalk/kuksa dk 2 ls 5 vizSy] 2015
nksgu gh fodkl dk i;kZ; eku fy;k x;k gSA fdarq blls balku lesr
2 ls 5 vizSy] 2015 ds nkSjku dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ds eq[;
i;kZoj.k dk cM+k uqdlku gks jgk gSA ge fdruk le>kSrk djus dks rS;kj
}kj ls jkcVZ~lxat] ftyk lksuHknz rd voS/k [kuu ds f[kykQ fudkyh
gSa\ gekjs fy, D;k T;knk t:jh gS\ if'pe ds fodkl dk ekWMy ftlesa
xbZ in;k=k lQyrkiwoZd lEiUu gqbZA
cM+h vkcknh dh dher ij dqN lEiUu yksxksa dks mPp Lrjh; lqfo/kk,a
fey tkrh gSa vFkok viuh t:jr dks /;ku esa j[k dj] lekos'kh] lHkh dks mRrj izns'k ljdkj us fcuk dsUnz ljdkj ds ou ,oa i;kZoj.k
jkstxkj iznku djus okyk o i;kZoj.k dks de ls de uqdlku igqapkus ea=ky; dh vuqefr ds 102 voS/k [kuu ds iV~Vs fn, gq, gSa ftlesa ,d
okyk fodkl\ igys rjhds dks pquus dk vk/kkj ykyp gksrk gS rks nwljs 'kkld ny ds fo/kk;d jes'k pUnz nqcs ds ikl Hkh gSA nwljs usrk o muds
dk foosdA egkRek xka/kh us bl cgl dks viuh iqLrd fgan Lojkt esa ifjokj ds lnL; ftudks iV~Vs feys gSa muesa Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds
vPNh rjg ls izLrqr fd;k gSA v'kksd dqekj feJ o 'kf'k f=ikBh] lektoknh ikVhZ ds jes'k pUnz oS'; o
bfEr;kt+ vgen] cgqtu lekt ikVhZ ds mek 'kadj flg o nkjk f'kdksg
egkRek xka/kh us e'khuhdj.k dk ml gn dk fojks/k fd;k tgka
vkSj dkaxzsl ds KkusUnz frokjh 'kkfey gSaA
og yksxksa ds jkstxkj ds fy, [krjk cu tkrk gSA muds ckjs esa ,d
nq"izpkj fd;k x;k fd os lHkh e'khuksa ds f[kykQ FksA os fu;fer p[kkZ buds vykok dbZ i=dkjksa tSls eukst frokjh] jfo tkyku]
pykrs FksA p[kkZ ,d ;kaf=d midj.k gSA p[kZs dh enn ls #bZ ls /kkxk iznhi ukjk.k jk;] vkfn dks Hkh iV~Vs fey x, gSaA i=dkjks dh lafyIrrk
fudkyus dh izfdz;k euq"; ds dqN ekSfyd vkfo"dkjksa esa ls jgh gksxh dh otg ls lksuHknz ds v[kckj voS/k [kuu ds f[kykQ Hkwfedk ugha ysrsA
ftlus euq"; ds ru dks diM+s ls <dkA xka/kh mu e'khuksa ds i{k/kj Fks tks blds foijhr dHkh [kuu #d tk,] tSlk fd 2012 esa fcYyh ekjdq.Mh
euq"; dks jkstxkj miyC/k djkrh gSa ;k de ls de euq"; dk jkstxkj [knku esa ,d nq?kZVuk esa djhc ntZu Hkj etnwjksa ds iRFkjksa ds uhps nc
Nhurha ughaA dj ej tkus ls gqvk] rks os LFkkuh; yksxksa ds jkstxkj ds ladV ds uke ij
[kuu ekfQ;k ds izfrfuf/k ds :i esa iqu% [kuu 'kq: djkus dh odkyr
¼eSaus ;g Hkh iz;kl fd;k fd Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku ds Nk=ksa dks ys
djus yxrs gSaA
tkdj vgjkSjk {ks=] tks dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls ek= 40 fdyksehVj
nwj gS] esa izkS|ksfxdh ds va/kk/kqa/k bLrseky ls gksus okyh ekuoh; ,oa uxjikfydk ds HkwriwoZ v/;{k vt; 'ks[kj us crk;k fd ;gka
i;kZoj.kh; {kfr dk v/;;u djkÅa] ysfdu esjs foHkkxk/;{k izksQslj ,- Bsdsnkjksa ls ,d oh-vkbZ-ih- dj fy;k tkrk gSA tks Hkh iRFkj ;k ckyw dk
,l-ds- flUgk ls bl ckr dh vuqefr o cl miyC/k djkus dh lgk;rk Vªd lksuHknz ls ckgj tk jgk gS mls izfr Vªd ljdkjh 'kqYd #- 750 ds
ugha feyhA½ LFkku ij #- 6]200 nsus iM+rs gSaA jkstkuk 1]500&2]000 Vªd lksuHknz ls
ckgj tkrs gSa] bldk eryc ;g gqvk fd jkstkuk lksuHknz esa #- 1-5 djksM+
voS/k iSnk gks jgs gSa tks vf/kdkfj;ksa o usrkvksa esa LFkkuh; Lrj ls ysdj
jkT; Lrj rd caV jgk gSA ;g ;gka yksxksa esa vke tkudkjh gS fd bldk
(179) (180)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
fgLlk lh/ks eq[; ea=h dk;kZy; Hkh igqaprk gSA lksuHkzn o iM+ksl ds ifjf'k"V 8
fetkZiqj ftys esa voS/k [kuu ds vykok voS/k iRFkj rksM+us okyh e'khuksa
dk mi;ksx o igkM+ksa esa voS/k foLQksV Hkh fd, tkrs gSaA lksuHknz o
mPp U;k;ky; dk QSlyk
fetkZiqj ftyksa dk nkSjk dj ,slk ,glkl gksrk gS fd ;gka dksbZ dkuwu dk
jkt ugha gS vkSj ekfQ;k&Bsdsnkj&jktusrk&ukSdj'kkg] tks T;knkrj
ckgjh O;fDr gSa] dk xBtksM+ LFkkuh; yksxksa dh dher ij bykds dk ;kfpdk la[;k , 5323 o"kZ 2016
euekuk nksgu dj jgk gSA ;kph% lanhi ik.Ms;
tc ls iRFkj rksM+us okyh e'khusa yxkbZ xbZ gSa fetkZiqj ftys esa izfri{kh% Hkkjrh; la?k ,oa 8 vU;
djhc Ms<+ yk[k etnwj csjktxkjh ;k v)Z&csjktxkjh dh gkyr >sy jgs ;kph ds vf/koDrk% jkgqy feJ] jkftUnj lPpj
gSaA ,d etnwj dks ,d VªSDVj VªkWyh esa iRFkj Hkjus ds] ftlesa 2&3 fnu
izfri{kh ds vf/koDrk% vthr dqekj flag] vuar dqekj frokjh] vuwi
yxrs Fks] #- 500 feyrs FksA vkt blh dke ds flQZ #- 250 feyrs gSaA
f=osnh] oh-ds- mik/;k;
,d rjQ ckgjh yksxksa us ;gka vkdj Bsdsnkjh dj [kwc dek;k gS rks nwljh
rjQ LFkkuh; etnwj csgky gqvk gSA LFkkuh; vkfnoklh dks vius ekuuh; oh-ds- 'kqDy] ekuuh; egs'k paUnz f=ikBh
LokLF; ls Hkh dher pqdkuh iM+h gS D;ksafd iRFkj rksM+us ls iznw"k.k Hkh lanhi ik.Ms; }kjk Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] dk'kh fgUnw
cgqr gqvk gSA fo'ofo|ky; ds lapkyd e.My }kjk 21@12@2015 dks ikfjr izLrko
o mlds vkyksd esa funs'kd] Hkk-izkS-la-] dk-fg-fo-fo-] }kjk foftfVax
QSdYVh@izksQslj ds :i esa mDr laLFkku ds lkFk muds vuqca/k dks
vkns'k ds ,d ekg ckn ls jn~n djus dks bl U;k;ky; ds lkeus pqukSrh
nh xbZ gS rFkk blls lEcaf/kr jkgr dh vis{kk dh xbZ gSA ekeys dh
laf{kIr i`"BHkwfe ;g gS fd ;kph dk nkok gS fd og izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku
¼vc Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku½] dk-fg-fo-fo- dk iwoZ Nk= gSA ;kph us
fljSD;wl ;wfuoflZVh] U;w ;kWdZ ls eSU;wQSDpfjax o dEI;wVj bathfu;fjax esa
ekLVlZ dh rFkk ;wfuoflZVh vkWQ dSfyQksfuZ;k] cdZys ls MkWDVjsV dh tks
mlus 1992 esa iwjh dhA ;kph viuh i<+kbZ iwjh djds Hkkjr okil vk;k o
1992 esa Hkk-izkS-la-] dkuiqj esa i<+kuk 'kq: fd;k o fQj vk'kk VªLV uked
iathd`r laLFkk LFkkfir dh ftldh Hkkjr esa dbZ 'kk[kk,a gSa o muds lewg
us 2008 esa gjnksbZ ftys esa tehuh Lrj ij yksdra= dks etcwr djus ds
fy, vk'kk ifjokj uked ,d tu laxBu cuk;kA vk'kk ifjokj dk dke
(181) (182)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:40 PM
lwpuk ds vf/kdkj o vU; izdkj dh ukxfjd Hkkxhnkjh ls Hkz"Vkpkj 'kkL= ladk; ds jktuhfr 'kkL= foHkkx esa ,e-,- f}rh; o"kZ ds Nk=
fuokj.k o iz'kklfud tokcnsgh r; djuk gSA ;kph tu vkanksyuksa ds vfouk'k ik.Ms; }kjk ,d i= fn;k x;k ftlesa dqN bZ&esy ij Hksts x,
jk"Vªh; leUo; tks Hkkjr esa tehuh Lrj ds tu vkanksyuksa dk lcls cM+k nLrkost layXu Fks tks ;kph dh laLFkku esa foftfVax QSdYVh ds :i esa
eap gS dk usr`Ro djrk gS o mls mHkjrs usr`Ro Js.kh esa 2002 dk xfrfof/k;ksa ls lEcaf/kr] mldh jktuhfrd dk;ksZa esa lfdz;rk o uDlyh
eXlk;lk; iqjLdkj ¼tks ,f'k;k dk ukscsy iqjLdkj ekuk tkrk gS½ Hkh leFkZd gksus ds ckjs esa FksA bldk ftdz fd;k x;k fd bu nLrkostksa ls
feykA ;kph us 2005 esa fnYyh ls eqYrku ,d Hkkjr&ikfdLrku 'kkafr Li"V gS fd ;kph *fodkl v/;;u* uked dkslZ ds ek/;e ds [kqn ns'k ds
;k=k dk usr`Ro fd;k vkSj og Hkkjr ljdkj dh dsUnzh; f'k{kk lykgdkj dkuwu dh vogsyuk dj jgk Fkk cfYd laLFkku ds ifjlj ij ns'k ds
cksMZ dk lnL; Hkh jg pqdk gSA igyh ckj ;kph 'kS{kf.kd l= 2013&14 dkuwu dh vogsyuk dks c<+kok Hkh ns jgk FkkA ;g Hkh ftdz fd;k x;k fd
esa Hkk-izkS-la-] dk-fg-fo-fo- ds dsfedy bathfu;fjax foHkkx esa foftfVax ;kph viuh laLFkku dh vf/kdkfjd esy ls Nk=ksa dks lkewfgd esy ek/;e
QSdYVh ds :i esa 1@8@2013 ls #i, 65]000 ekfld ekuns; o ls vius fooknkLin ys[k Hkh Hkst jgk FkkA lkewfgd ppkZ ds tks fo"k; pqus
fu'kqYd vkokl ij lEc) gqvkA ;kph dk dguk gS fd og foftfVax x, Fks muesa *eksgEen v[ykd dh gR;k dks tk;t Bgjk;k tkuk]*
QSdYVh ds :i esa vius drZO; dk fuokZg djrk jgk gS o le;&le; *xksekal dk lsou]* *xksekal ij izfrca/k]* *D;k /keZ flQZ O;fDrxr vkLFkk
ij mlds vuqca/k dks vkxs c<+k;k x;k gS] vkf[kjh vuqca/k 'kS{kf.kd l= dk fo"k; gksuk pkfg,]* *rdZoknh dh gR;k% rdZ dks pqi djkuk]* *izksQslj
2015&16 esa [kRe gksus okyk gSA ;kph dk dguk gS fd mldk vuqca/k ,e-,e- dycqxhZ] ujsUnz nkHkksydj o xksfoan ialkjs dh gR;k]* *ns'k esa
30@7@2016 dks [kRe gksus okyk gS ysfdu mls vk'p;Z gS fd ekgkSy vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=k dk xyk ?kksaV jgk gS]* *jktuhfrd Hkk"k.k
21@12@2015 dks Hkk-izkS-la-] dk-fg-fo-fo- ds lapkyd e.My dh ,d dh rS;kjh]* vkSj jftLVªkj] Hkk-izkS-la-] dk-fg-fo-fo- ds ek/;e ls dbZ
cSBd esa ikfjr izLrko la[;k 3-59 ds vk/kkj ij tkjh 6@1@2016 ds bZ&esy ;kph us Hkstha ftlesa *vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso ppkZ@fQYe Ja[kyk* ds
,d vkns'k }kjk dsfedy bathfu;fjax foHkkx esa foftfVax QSdYVh ds eap ls] tks ;kph us Lo;a LFkkfir fd;k Fkk] dbZ fooknkLin fo"k;ksa ij
:i esa mldh lsok,a lekIr dj nh xbZ gSaA fo-fo- dh bl dk;Zokgh ds O;k[;ku gq, tks ;k rks jktuhfrd Fks vFkok ns'k&fojks/khA ;s lHkh
dkj.k foo'k gksdj ;kph U;k;ky; ds lkeus vk;k gSA fo-fo- dh vksj ls O;k[;ku Hkk-izkS-la-] dk-fg-fo-fo- ds vk.Vjizsujf'ki gkWy] ,e-lh-vkbZ-vkbZ-
tokch 'kiFki= nkf[ky fd;k x;k gS ftlesa dgk x;k gS fd ch-Vsd- ds bZ- esa vk;ksftr gq,A mi;qZDr ds vykok lekpkj i=ksa esa ;kph ds fofHkUu
Nk=ksa dh mez ,slh gksrh gS ftlesa os eXlk;lk; izkIr f'k{kd ds ckSf)d /kjuk iznZ'kuksa esa 'kkfey gksus dh [kcjsa Nirh jgh gSa o 25 vDVwcj] 2015
Hk; esa jgsaxs vkSj LokHkkfod gS fd mlds dk;ksZa o fopkjksa dk vuqlj.k dks ;kph ds laLFkku dh vf/kdkfjd bZ&esy vkbZ-Mh- ls esy Hkst dj
djsaxs vr% ,sls f'k{kd ds Åij ;g Hkkjh ftEesnkjh vk tkrh gS fd og vk'kk VªLV ds laLFkkid o lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ¼bf.M;k½ ds mik/;{k ds :i
T;knk lko/kku jgs fd og D;k i<+k jgk gS o Nk=ksa ls D;k ckrsa dj jgk esa vk'kk VªLV o lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ¼bf.M;k½] ,d jktuhfrd ny] gsrq nku
gSA vkSj vf/kd lko/kku jgus dh t:jr iM+rh gS tc laLFkku enu dh vihy dh xbZA 25-10-2015 dh ;g bZ&esy Hkk-izkS-la-] dk-fg-fo-fo- dh
eksgu ekyoh; th }kjk LFkkfir fo-fo- ds ifjlj esa gks o okjk.klh tSlh vkpkj lafgrk ds fo#) Fkh tks ;kph dks 15-10-2015 dks lgk;d
ifo= uxjh esa fLFkr gksA ;g Hkh dgk x;k fd dk-fg-fo-fo- ds dqyifr o jftLVªkj ¼,Q-,-½ }kjk voxr djk nh xbZ FkhA 21-12-2015 dh Hkk-izkS-la-]
Hkk-izkS-la- ds lapkyd e.My ds v/;{k dks 15@10@2015 dks lekt dk-fg-fo-fo- dh lapkyd e.My dh cSBd esa v/;{k }kjk ;kph ds Lo;a ds
(183) (184)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:41 PM
nLrkost is'k dj lapkyd e.My }kjk lsok 'krksZa ds eqrkfcd ;kph dh vkSj ekeys esa izLrqr lk{; o ifjfLFkfr dks ns[krs gq, U;k;ky; dks bl
lsok,a lekIr djus dk izLrko j[kk x;kA ;g Hkh crk;k x;k fd laLFkku ekeys esa gLr{ksi ugha djuk pkfg,A ofj"B vf/koDrk oh-ds- flag us]
ds vLFkkbZ deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, Hkk-izkS-la-] dkuiqj dh lsok 'krksaZ dk fu;e vf/koDrk vuwi f=osnh ds lkFk] fo-fo- ds dqyifr dh vksj ls ;gh rdZ
14 ykxw gksxk vkSj fu;e 14¼1½ ds eqrkfcd vLFkkbZ deZpkjh dh lsok,a j[kk vkSj dgk x;k fd ;kph fo'kq) :i ls vLFkkbZ lsok esa o lafonk ij
fu;ksDrk }kjk deZpkjh dks fyf[kr lwpuk nsdj vFkko deZpkjh }kjk Fkk o foftfVax QSdYVh ds :i esa vuqca/k dh lsok 'krksZa ls fu;af=r Fkk
fu;ksDrk dks fyf[kr lwpuk nsdj lekIr dh tk ldrh gSaA bl lwpuk vkSj mlls ,d vkpj.k dh vis{kk Fkh tSlk mlus ugha fd;k] pwafd mls
dh vof/k ,d ekg gksxh ;fn deZPkkjh vkSj laLFkku ds chp blls vyx vuqca/k dh lsok 'krksZa ds rgr c[kkZLr fd;k tk pqdk gS blfy,
dksbZ le>kSrk ugha gqvk gSA ;g Hkh crk;k x;k fd ;kph dh lkjh U;k;ky; dks bl ekeys esa gLr{ksi u djrs gq, ;kfpdk dks [kkfjt dj
xfrfof/k;ka ,d vLFkkbZ in ij jgrs gq, dh xbZ Fkha vkSj fu;e 14¼1½ ds nsuk pkfg,A vHkh rd tks rdZ gekjs lkeus j[ks x, gSa mlls ;g
eqrkfcd ;kph dks ,d ekg dh lwpuk nsdj gh mldh lsok,a lekIr dh oLrqfLFkfr mHkj dj vk jgh gS fd ;kph ,d foftfVax QSdYVh gksus ds
xbZ gSa vkSj U;k;ky; ds gLr{ksi dh vko';drk ugha gSA izfr 'kiFk i= vykok ,d lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ Hkh gS vkSj tks lkexzh gekjs lkeus izLrqr
ds tokc esa nkf[ky 'kiFk i= dj mi;qZDr vkjksiksa dk [k.Mu fd;k x;k dh xbZ gS mlls ;g Li"V gS fd mldh viuh ,d jktuhfrd fopkj/kkjk
gS vkSj bl ckr dks nksgjk;k x;k gS fd ;kph ij yka{ku yxk;k x;k gS gS vkSj O;kid lekt dks ysdj mldk viuk utfj;k@n`f"V gSA izLrqr
ftlds mls cqjs ifj.kke Hkqxrus iM+ ldrs gSa vkSj tYnhckth esa eux<+ar lk{;ksa ls ,slk yxrk gS fd dk-fg-fo-fo- esa tgka mls i<+kus gsrq fu;qDr
vkjksi yxk dj fy;k x;k QSlyk n.MkRed gSA nksuksa rjQ dh cgl fd;k x;k Fkk og bZ&esy] ys[kksa o O;k[;kuksa }kjk viuh fopkj/kkjk dk
lquus ds ckn orZeku fjV ;kfpdk dks vafre lquokbZ o fuLrkj.k gsrq izlkj dj jgk Fkk o leku fopkj/kkjk okys yksxksa dks tks mlds n`f"Vdks.k
fy;k x;k gSA vf/koDrk jkgqy feJ us tksjnkj <ax ls dgk fd orZeku ls lger gksa [kkst jgk FkkA nkf[ky izfr 'kiFk i= esa ftl izLrko dk
ekeys esa dk;Zokgh [kqn dgkuh c;ku dj jgh gS o vf/kdkfj;ksa us ;kph] ftdz gS mlesa dgk x;k gS fd ;kph fooknkLin eqn~nksa dks mBk jgk Fkk
tks ,d [kkl fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus okyk o mldk ikyu djus okyk gS] tks jk"Vªfgr esa ugha gSa ;k lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk ds fy, [krjk mRiUu
dks pqi djkus ds fy, vkSj mls cneku djus ds fy, nf.Mr fd;k gS tks dj ldrk gSA ekeys esa izLrqr nLrkost [kqn dgkuh dks c;ku dj jgs gSa
fd izkd`frd U;k; ds fl)kar ds f[kykQ gS o U;k;ky; dks lR; mtkxj fd dk-fg-fo-fo- ds dqyifr o Hkk-izkS-la- ¼dk-fg-fo-fo-½ ds lapkyd e.My
djuk pkfg, vkSj ;kph dk cpko djuk pkfg, o mlds lkFk U;k; djrs ds v/;{k dks 15-10-2015 dks lkekftd foKku ladk; ds jktuhfr
gq, mls ekaxh xbZ jkgr nsuh pkfg,A ofj"B vf/koDrk oh-ds- mik/;k;] 'kkL= foHkkx ds ,e-,- f}rh; o"kZ ds Nk= vfouk'k ik.Ms; dh ,d
ftuds vthr dqekj flag lgk;d Fks] us dgk fd ;kph fo'ofo|ky; esa f'kdk;r izkIr gqbZ ftlesa ;kph dh foftfVax QSdYVh ds :i esa
jgus ;ksX; ugha gS vkSj mls dksbZ ekSdk ugha feyuk pkfg, D;ksafd tks xfrfof/k;ksa] mldh jktuhfrd fopkj/kkjk] jktuhfrd dk;ksZa esa lfdz;rk
lkexzh U;k;ky; ds le{k j[kh xbZ gS og [kqn ;kph dh gh gS] mldk o lfdz; uDlyh leFkZd gksus ds lEca/k esa bZ&esy@ys[k nLrkost
lzksr egRoiw.kZ ugha gS] ,slh fLFkfr esa fo-fo- dk i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ dk ekgkSy layXu gSaA ;g dgk x;k fd ;kph ^fodkl v/;;u^ fo"k; i<+k jgk Fkk
iznwf"kr gksxk D;ksafd ;kph vius ys[kksa o bZ&esy }kjk Nk=ksa dks ehBk tgj vkSj ,slk djrs gq, u flQZ dkuwu dh vosyguk dj jgk Fkk cfYd
nsrk gS] blfy, fo-fo- dk 'kkafriw.kZ ekgkSy iVjh ls ugha mrjuk pkfg, laLFkku ds ifjlj esa dkuwu dh vogsyuk dks c<+kok Hkh ns jgk FkkA
(185) (186)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:41 PM
dqyifr tks Hkk-izkS-la- ¼dk-fg-fo-fo-½ ds lapkyd e.My ds v/;{k Hkh gSa us leFkZd gksuk iznf'kZr gksrk gSA dqyifr us dqN nLrkost vkSj lkeus j[ks
21-12-2015 dks lapkyd e.My dh cSBd esa dfFkr i= j[kk ftlesa ftlesa Hkk-izkS-la- ¼dk-fg-fo-fo-½ ds jftLVªkj ds ek/;e ls Hksth xbZ bZ&esy
fuEufyf[kr izLrko% lapkyd e.My cSBd izLrko la- 3-59A v/;{k us ftlesa ^vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso ppkZ@fQYe Ja[kyk^ ds varxZr ,sls
lnL;ksa dks crk;k fd mUgsa dk-fg-fo-fo- ds lkekftd foKku ladk; ds fooknkLin eqn~nksa] tks jktuhfrd Fks vFkok jk"Vª fojks/kh] ij O;k[;ku
jktuhfr 'kkL= foHkkx ds ,e-,- f}rh; o"kZ ds Nk= vfouk'k ik.Ms; dk vk;ksftr fd, x, FksA ;s lHkh O;k[;ku Hkk-izkS-la-] dk-fg-fo-fo- ds
15-10-2015 dk ,d i= izkIr gqvk gS ftlesa foftfVax QSdYVh MkW- lanhi vk.Vjizsujf'ki gkWy] ,e-lh-vkbZ-vkbZ-bZ- esa vk;ksftr gq,A ^fodkl
ik.Ms; ds Åij xEHkhj vkjksi yxk, x, gSaA v/;{k us layXudksa ds lkFk v/;;u^ dkslZ ds rgr ,sls fooknkLin eqn~nksa ij lkewfgd ppkZ ls
i= est ij j[kkA MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; ds f[kykQ tks eq[; vkjksi yxk, lEcaf/kr bZ&esy Hkh izek.k ds :i esa j[kh xbZaA blds vykok dqN
x, gSa os bl izdkj ls gSa% fodkl v/;;u dkslZ ds varxZr 11-3-2015 dks lekpkj i= dh drjusa ftlesa MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; dk /kjuk izn'kZuksa esa
MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; dh vksj ls ,d nsoka'k feRry }kjk Hksth xbZ bZ&esy ds 'kkfey gksuk fn[kk;k x;k gS Hkh lkeus yk, x,A funs'kd us crk;k fd
vuqlkj ljdkj }kjk izfrcaf/kr ch-ch-lh- }kjk fuHkZ;k cykRdkj dkaM ij MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; le; lkfj.kh ds vuqlkj d.Vªksy F;ksjh o ^fodkl
cukbZ xbZ fQYe fn[kkbZ tkus okyh FkhA gykafd fQYe dk iznZ'ku ugha v/;;u^ dkslZ i<+krs gSaA lapkyd e.My us mi;qZDr nLRkkostksa dk
gqvk] ysfdu nsoka'k feRry dh bZ&esy ds vuqlkj 11-3-2015 dks MkW- laKku fy;kA lnL;ksa dh jk; Fkh fd ljdkj }kjk izfrcaf/kr fuHkZ;k
lanhi ik.Ms; }kjk ySafxd eqn~ns o ySafxd fgalk ij ,d ekSf[kd ppkZ fQYe ds fyad dks lkoZtfud djuk lkbZcj dzkbe dh Js.kh esa vk,xkA
djkbZ xbZA viuh 6-3-2015 dh bZ&esy esa nsoka'k feRry us izfrcaf/kr blds vykok lnL;ksa dh ;g Hkh jk; Fkh fd MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; }kjk
fQYe dh ;w&V~;wc fyad Nk=ksa dks dk-fg-fo-fo- ds vkarfjd ,Q-Vh-ih- ^fodkl v/;;u^ dkslZ ds rgr tks fo"k; fy, x, os jk"Vª fojks/kh gSa ;k
fyad 10-3-101-225 ij miyC/k djkbZ gSA f'kdk;rh i= esa lkr loky muls lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkouk dks [krjk mRiUu gks ldrk gS vkSj Nk=ksa dks
[kM+s fd, x, gSa% 1- nsoka'k feRry dkSu gS\ 2- dk-fg-fo-fo- ds vkarfjd dkuwu dks vius gkFkksa esa ysus ds fy, izsfjr djrs gSaA ;g izLrko ikfjr
dEI;wVj ij izfrcaf/kr fQYe miyC/k djkus ds fy, mls fdlus vf/kd`r fd;k tkrk gS fd MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; dk laLFkku ds lkFk foftfVax
fd;k\ 3- D;k dk-fg-fo-fo- ds dqyifr dh vuqefr yh xbZ Fkh\ 4- D;k QSdYVh ds :i esa vuqca/k rRdky izHkko ls ,d ekg dh lwpuk nsdj
izfrcaf/kr fQYe fn[kk dj ml ij ppkZ dj dkuwu dk mYya?ku djuk lekIr fd;k tk,A ;g Hkh izLrko ikfjr fd;k tkrk gS fd v/;{k]
^fodkl v/;;u^ dkslZ ds Nk=ksa dks i<+kus ds fy, t:jh gS\ 5- fodkl lapkyd e.My ,d tkap lfefr dk xBu dj f'kdk;r i= esa tks
v/;;u dkslZ dks i<+kus okys f'k{kd dh 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk D;k gS\ MkW- xEHkhj loky [kM+s fd, x, gSa mudh tkap djk,aA bl izLrko ds vk/kkj
lanhi ik.Ms; }kjk i<+k, tkus okys dkslZ esa fcuk gkftjh fy,] fcuk ij fuEufyf[kr vkns'k tkjh dj ;kph dh lsok,a lekIr dj nh xbZa%
ijh{kk fy, lHkh Nk=ksa dks ^,^ xzsM fey tkrk gSA os Nk=ksa dks /kjuk nsuk fnukad 6-1-2016 xksiuh; vkns'k lapkyd e.My dh 21-12-2015 dks gqbZ
fl[kkrs gSaA fiNys o"kZ ,d izf'k{k.k gqvk Fkk ftlesa ,d jSyh fudkyh xbZ cSBd esa izLrko la- 3-59 ds vuqlkj MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; dks lwfpr fd;k
FkhA os Nk=ksa ls ns'k fojks/kh fo"k;ksa tSls ^d'ehj dks ,d Lora= ns"k ?kksf"kr tkrk gS fd bl vkns'k ds tkjh gksus dh rkjh[k ls ,d ekg dh vof/k ds
fd;k tkuk pkfg,^ ij ppkZ djkrs gSaA f'kdk;r esa dqN layXu ys[k gSa ckn mudk jklk;fud vfHk;kaf=dh foHkkx esa foftfVax QSdYVh ds :i
ftuls lanhi ik.Ms; dk ns'k ds uDlyh vkanksyu ls tqM+ko o mudk esa vuqca/k lekIr gks tk,xkA funs'kd lanHkZ la- Hkk-izkS-la- ¼dk-fg-fo-fo-
(187) (188)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:41 PM
½@,Q-,-@fot+ QSd@4@13706 lwpuk o dk;Zokgh gsrq udy izsf"kr xEHkhjrk dks ns[krs gq, vkSj loksZPp U;k;ky; ds ,d vU; vkns'k jRus'k
dh tkrh gS-------------------A 6-1-2016 ds vkns'k ls Li"V gS fd ;g izLrko 3- dqekj pkS/kjh cuke bafnjk xka/kh vk;qfoZKku laLFkku o vU;] 2015 ,l-lh-
59 ds vkyksd esa gSA flQZ izLrko 3-59 i<+us ls gh Li"V gS fd lh- vkWuykbu ,l-lh- 954 ds vkykssd esa ge t:j lR; mtkxj djsaxs
f'kdk;rdrkZ dk Hkk-izkS-la- ¼dk-fg-fo-fo-½ ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha gS vkSj u rkfd irk yx lds fd ,slk QSlyk ysus ds ihNs vlyh otg D;k Fkh\
gh og ;kph dk Nk= jgk gS cfYd mldk fooj.k gS vfouk'k ik.Ms;] loksZPp U;k;ky; us mPp U;k;ky;] xqtjkr cuke t;Jh peuyky
,e-,- f}rh; o"kZ] jktuhfr 'kkL= foHkkx] lkekftd foKku ladk;] dk- cq)HkV~V] 2013 ¼16½ ,l-lh-lh- 59 esa ;g n`f"Vdks.k fy;k fd ;fn fdlh
fg-fo-fo- ftldk i= dqyifr@v/;{k] lapkyd e.My] Hkk-izkS-la- ¼dk- inklhu O;fDr ds f[kykQ ,sls vkjksi gSa ftlls mldh cnukeh gksxh rks
fg-fo-fo-½ us layXudksa ds lkFk lapkyd e.My dh cSBd esa j[kk ftlesa ;g U;wure vko';drk gS fd ml O;fDr dks vkjkiksa ls voxr djk;k
funs'kd us crk;k fd MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; le; lkfj.kh ds vuqlkj tk, vkSj mls lquokbZ dk i;kZIr ekSdk fn;k tk,A loksZPp U;k;ky; us
d.Vªksy F;ksjh o ^fodkl v/;;u^ dkslZ i<+krs gSaA lapkyd e.My ds LVsV cSad vkWQ bf.M;k cuke iyd eksnh] 2013 ¼3½ ,l-lh-lh- 607 esa
lnL;ksa us mi;qZDr nLrkostksa dk laKku fy;k o lnL;ksa dh jk; Fkh fd n.MkRed lsok lekIr djus ds eqn~ns ij fopkj fd;k gSA bldk ftdz gS
ljdkj }kjk izfrcaf/kr fuHkZ;k fQYe ds fyad dks lkoZtfud djuk fd ;fn vuqfpr O;ogkj ds vk/kkj ij fdlh l{ke izkf/kdj.k us Hkys gh
lkbZcj dzkbe dh Js.kh esa vkrk gS vkSj blds vykok lnL;ksa dh ;g Hkh xSj&n.MkRed vkns'k ds ek/;e ls fdlh dh lsok lekIr djus dk fu.kZ;
jk; Fkh fd MkW- lanhi ik.Ms; }kjk ^fodkl v/;;u^ dkslZ ds rgr tks fy;k gS rks U;k;ky; ekeys dk lR; mtkxj dj ldrk gS vkSj ?kksf"kr
fo"k; fy, x, os jk"Vª fojks/kh gSa ;k muls lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkouk dks dj ldrk gS fd vuqpfr O;ogkj dh otg ls deZpkjh dks nf.Mr fd;k
[krjk mRiUu gks ldrk gS vkSj Nk=ksa dks dkuwu dks vius gkFkksa esa ysus ds x;k gSA bl ekeys esa lsok lekIr djus ds vkns'k esa flQZ lsok 'krksZa dks
fy, izsfjr djrs gSaA ;fn vfouk'k ik.Ms;] ,e-,- f}rh; o"kZ Nk=] vk/kkj cuk;k x;k gS fdarq cM+k loky ;g gS fd vkns'k ds ihNs n.M nsus
jktuhfr 'kkL= foHkkx] lkekftd foKku ladk;] dk-fg-fo-fo- dh dh ea'kk Fkh vFkok ugha\ orZeku ekeys esa gesa ekuuk iM+sxk fd vkns'k
f'kdk;r ij lapkyd e.My dk;Zokgh djrk gS vkSj mlh ds vk/kkj ij nf.Mr djus ds bjkns ls fd;k x;k gS D;ksafd ;kph ij lkbZcj dzkbe
viuh jk; cuk ysrk gS fd ;kph dh xfrfof/k;ka lkbZcj dzkbe dh Js.kh djus o mls ,sls v/;kiu dk dlwjokj ekuk x;k gS tks jk"Vª fgr ds
esa vkrh gSa vkSj mldh ^fodkl v/;;u^ dh d{kk esa tks i<+k;k tkrk gS f[kykQ gSA 'kiFki= esa ;g ,glkl gksrs gq, fd lhek js[kk ikj dj yh
og jk"Vªh; fgr ds f[kykQ gS] mlls lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkouk dks [krjk xbZ gS uqdlku dh HkjikbZ djrs gq, ;g dgk x;k gS fd vkjksi izFke
mRiUu gks ldrk gS vkSj og Nk=ksa dks dkuwu dks vius gkFkksa esa ysus ds n`"V;k gSaA ,d ckj tc lapkyd e.My us viuh jk; cuk yh vkSj mlds
fy, izsfjr djrk gS rks gekjh jk; esa in ij tks O;fDr gS ;g mlds vk/kkj ij fu.kZ; ys fy;k] Hkys gh ;kph dh fu;qfDr lafonk ij gks ysfdu
pfj= o mldh fu"Bk ij ykaNu yxkuk gSA ;g ckr lgh gS fd mldh c[kkZLrxh lk/kkj.k ugha gS cfYd lR; mtkxj gksus ij ;g Li"V
izkd`frd U;k; ds fl)kar dks ekuuk vfuok;Z ugha gS] mldk pfj= gS fd dk;Zokgh oSpkfjd fHkUurk ds dkj.k gqbZ gS ftlesa ;kph ftl
yphyk gS] loksZPp U;k;ky; ds /keZiky lR;iky fy- cuke mi vk;qDr] fopkk/kkjk dks ekurk gS f'kdk;rdrkZ mlls fHkUu fopkj/kkjk dks ekuus
dsUnzh; ,Dlkbt+] xqokgkVh o vU;] 2015 ¼8½ ,l-lh-lh- 519 ds okyk gS vkSj fdUgha dkj.kksa ls tks mUgsa [kqn gh ekewy gksaxs iz'kklu esa cSBs
eqrkfcd mls NksM+k Hkh tk ldrk gS] fdarq orZeku ekeys esa vkjksiksa dh yksx Hkh f'kdk;rdrkZ ds lkFk gks x, vkSj ;kph dh rjQ ls dgk x;k gS
(189) (190)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:41 PM
fd vdknfed iz'kkld o f'kdk;rdrkZ ,d gh fopkj/kkjk ds vuq;k;h Lora=rk^ dh O;kid O;k[;k dh xbZ gS ftlesa ^fopkjksa ds izlkj dh
gSaA vdknfed iz'kkldksa dks fo'ofo|ky; ds vdknfed@ iz'kklfud Lora=rk]^ ^viuh jk;] n`f"Vdks.k dks yksxksa rd iqgapkus dk vf/kdkj]^
ekeyksa esa jktuhfrd :i ls rVLFk jguk pkfg,A vdknfed iz'kkldksa ^ukxfjd dks vius utfj;s dks cksyus] Niokus] vfHkO;Dr djus ds
dk fu.kZ; cnys dh Hkkouk ls eqDr gksuk pkfg, o izkd`frd U;k; ds vf/kdkj^ rFkk ^nwljksa dks mls i<+us dk vf/kdkj]^ lkFk gh viuh ljdkj
fl)kar ds vuqlkj fdlh Hkh izdkj ds ncko ls eqDr] U;k;iw.kZ ,oa ds ekeyksa dks tkuuk 'kkfey gSaA vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk flQZ rc
ikjn'khZ gksuk pkfg,A loksZPp U;k;ky; us vka/kz izns'k jkT; lM+d lhfer dh tk ldrh gS tc jk"Vª dh lqj{kk dks [krjk gks] nwljs ns'k ds
ifjogu fuxe cuke jkT; vihyh; VªkbC;wuy 1998 ¼7½ ,l-lh-lh- 353 lkFk nksLrkuk lEca/k izHkkfor gksa] lkoZtfud O;oLFkk izHkkfor gks]
esa dgk gS fd 'kfDr dk bLrseku euekus <ax ls ugha gksuk pkfg,A 'kfDr uSfrdrk vkSj f'k"Vrk izHkkfor gks] U;k;ky; dh voekuuk gks] ekugkfu
ds lkFk drZO; Hkh tqM+k gqvk gSA izkf/kdkjh ds lkeus tks Hkh ekeyk gS mls gks ;k fgalk ds fy, mdlkuk gksA fdlh O;fDr ds vuqPNsn 19¼1½¼d½ ds
bZekunkjh ls ns[kuk pkfg,A mls vPNh Hkkouk ls] lHkh izklafxd igyqvksa rgr vf/kdkj ij flQZ vuqPNsn 19 dh /kkjk ¼2½ ds rgr gh vadq'k
dks /;ku esa j[krs gq,] vizklafxd phtksa dh otg ls ftEesnkjh ls u cpus yxk;k tk ldrk gS vkSj fdlh rjhds ls ughaA loksZPp U;k;ky; us Js;k
dk iz;kl djrs gq, o fof/k ls brj tkdj phtksa dks c<+kok u nsrs gq,] fla?ky cuke Hkkjrh; la?k 2015 ¼5½ ,l-lh-lh- 1 ekeys esa vkbZ-Vh-
euekus rjhds ls fu.kZ; ugha ysuk pkfg,A ,d ckj tc f'kdk;r gks xbZ vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 66 ds lanHkZ esa nksgjk;k gS fd ;fn fdlh dkuwuh
vkSj mlds xEHkhj ifj.kke gks ldrs Fks rks ;kph] Hkys gh tks nLrkost is'k izko/kku ds rgr yksx Lo;a vius fopkjksa dks] vkijkf/kd ekeyk ntZ fd,
fd, x, os mlh ds gSa] us lkbZcj vijk/k fd;k gS ;k ugha ;k og jk"Vª fgr tkus ds Hk; ls] nckrs gSa rks ;g lafo/kku esa fn, x, vfHkO;fDr dh
esa gS ;k ugha bl ij Li"Vhdj.k rks ekaxk tkuk pkfg, Fkk D;ksafd og fo- Lora=rk dh xkjaVh dk mYya?ku gSA cksyus o vfHkO;fDr dh vktknh esa
fo- dk HkwriwoZ Nk= gS vkSj eXlk;lk; iqjLdkj izkIr gS vkSj viuh tkudkjh izkIr djus o mlds izlkj dh vktknh varfuZfgr gSA ;g Lo;a
xfrfof?k;ksa ds ifj.kke dks le>rk gksxkA ;kph fo-fo- dks viuh lsok,a dh vfHkO;fDr ds fy, t:jh gS tks Lora= psruk o vkRe r`fIr dh
iznku dj jgk gS vkSj vkpkj lafgrk ls ca/kk gS] ;fn mlus js[kk ikj dh gS voLFkk rd igqapus ds fy, egRoiw.kZ ek/;e gSA cksyus o vfHkO;fDr dh
rks mls lquokbZ dk i;kZIr ekSdk nsdj lsok 'krksZa ds rgr fudkyk tk vktknh esa ;g Hkh fufgr gS fd U;k;iw.kZ vkykspuk dk xyk ugha ?kksaVk
ldrk FkkA mldh c[kkZLrxh lk/kkj.k ugha gS cfYd mls nf.Mr fd;k tk,xkA dksbZ Hkh ftEesnkj O;fDr yksdra= esa dkuwu dh voekuuk ds
x;k gS D;ksafd ;g eku fy;k x;k fd mlus lkbZcj vijk/k fd;k gS vkSj fy, yksxksa dks mdlk ugha ldrk] gka ,slh ifjfLFkfr mRiUu gks ldrh gS
og jk"Vª fgr ds fo#) dke dj jgk gSA lkbZcj vijk/k o jk"Vª fgr ds fd ftEesnkj O;fDr viuk drZO; le> dj fdlh fo"k; dh vkykspuk ds
fo#) tSls Hkkjh Hkjde 'kCnksa dks ykijokgh ls bLrseky fd;k x;k gSA fy, yksxksa dks ppkZ ds fy, cqyk ldrk gSA loksZPp U;k;ky; us cynso
yxk, x, vkjksi xEHkhj gSa vkSj inklhu O;fDr ds pfj= ij loky [kM+k flag xka/kh cuke iatkc ljdkj 2002 ¼3½ ,l-lh-lh- 667 ekeys esa Li"V
djrs gSa vkSj ftl rjg ls mls fcuk lqus fu.kZ; ys fy;k x;k gS ge dgk gS fd tufgr ds eqn~ns ij ppkZ vuqfpr O;ogkj ugha ekuk tk,xkA
mldk leFkZu ugha dj ldrsA ge ;g dguk pkgsaxs fd ihiqYl ;wfu;u vf/kdkj] mu ij vadq'k o drZO; dk lg&vfLrRo gksrk gSA loksZPp
QkWj flfoy fycVhZt+ o vU; cuke Hkkjr ljdkj 2003 ¼4½ ,l-lh-lh- U;k;ky; us ,l- jaxjktu cuke ih- txthou jke 1989 ¼2½ ,l-lh-lh-
399 esa lafo/kku ds varxZr vuqPNsn 19¼1½¼d½ esa ^vfHkO;fDr dh 574 ekeys esa dgk gS fd fojks/kh fopkj lgh ;k oS/k ds vk/kkj ij ugha
(191) (192)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:41 PM
j[kus fn, tkrs gSa cfYd blfy, D;ksafd bl ns'k esa fdlh fo"k; ij ,d o lkekftd fodkl] ftu ;qokvksa ds pfj= fuekZ.k dh mls ftEesnkjh nh
ls T;knk fojks/kh fopkj Hkh j[kus dh NwV gSA vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk oS/k xbZ gS o viuh ftEesnkfj;ksa ds izfr tkx:d gksrk gSA f'k{kk dh O;oLFkk
gS vkSj lafo/kku }kjk lqjf{kr gS vkSj fdlh vlfg".kq lewg dks ;g NwV dk vk/kkj vuq'kklu gksrk gSA bl fn'kk esa dk;Zjr 'kS{kf.kd laLFkku
ugha gS fd os mls ca/kd cuk ysaA vuqPNsn 19¼1½¼d½ ds rgr ekSfyd vius izf/kdkfj;ksa@f'k{kd@f'k{k.ksRrj deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, vkpkj
vf/kdkj ij flQZ vuqPNsn 19 ¼2½ ds rgr gh rdZlaxr vadq'k yxk;k tk lafgrk r; djus gsrq Lora= gSaA laLFkku ds lqpk: lapkyu gsrq O;fDr ds
ldrk gS ftls tk;t Bgjk;k tk lds] flQZ fdlh lqfo/kk ;k LokFkZ ds ukxfjd ds :i esa vkf/kdkjksa o laLFkku ds vkpkj lafgrk r; djus ds
pyrs ughaA ljdkj dh uhfr;ksa o dk;Zdzeksa dh [kqyh vkykspuk vadq'k vf/kdkj ds chp larqyu LFkkfir djus ds fy, ;g dok;n t:jh gSA
dk vk/kkj ugha cu ldrhA gesa nwljksa ds utfj, ds izfr lfg".kq gksuk izkf/kdkjh@f'k{kd@f'k{k.ksRrj deZpkjh tc vius drZO; dk fuokZg dj
pkfg,A vlfg".kqrk O;fDr ds lkFk lkFk yksdra= ds fy, Hkh [krjukd jgs gSa rks os fo'ofo|ky; ds fu;e@dkuwu dk ikyu djrs gq,
gks ldrh gSA ^okWYrs;j ds fe=^ uked iqLrd ds ys[kd ,l-th- lkoZtfud lsok dj jgs gSaA ,d rjQ cksyus o vfHkO;fDr dh vktknh
VsyuVk;j us bl rjg vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk dks O;k[;kf;r fd;k gS% dh yksdra= esa j{kk gksuh pkfg, rks nwljh rjQ lkoZtfud lsok djrs gq,
^eSa rqels vlger gks ldrk gwa] fdarq rqEgkjs viuh ckr dgus ds vf/kdkj ;g /;ku j[kuk gksxk fd fo'ofo|ky;@'kS{kf.kd laLFkku ds
dh eSa viuh e`R;q rd Hkh j{kk d:axkA^ Nk=ksa ij /;ku nsdj mudk iw.kZ fu;e@dkuwu dk mYya?ku u gksA dk'kh fgUnw fo-fo- dh Hkh ,d r;
pfj= fuekZ.k gks lds bl otg ls dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; dh dYiuk vkpkj lafgrk gS vkSj bldk mYya?ku gksus ij f'k{kd ds f[kykQ
,d vkoklh; fo-fo- ds :i esa dh xbZ FkhA laLFkkid dh n`f"V fuEu vuq'kklukRed dk;Zokgh gks ldrh gS ;fn f'k{kd ds O;ogkj o viuh
izdkj ls Fkh% ^Hkkjr flQZ fgUnqvksa dk ns'k ugha gSA ;g eqfLye] blkbZ o ftEesnkfj;ksa ds fuokZg esa folaxfr gSA dqy feyk dj ;kph ds f[kykQ
ikjfl;ksa dk Hkh ns'k gSA ;g ns'k rHkh etcwr o fodflr cu ldrk gS fcuk fdlh tkap ds mls vuqfpr O;ogkj dk nks"kh Bgjk;k x;k gS tks
tc Hkkjr esa jgus okys fofHkUu leqnk; vkilh lkSgkn~;Z ds lkFk jgsaxsA ;s izkd`frd U;k; ds fl)kar ds f[kykQ gS vkSj mldh c[kkZLrxh dk vkns'k
esjh vk'kk vkSj izkFkZuk gS fd thou o izdk'k dk ;g tks dsUnz vfLrRo esa ml ij ykaNu yxkrk gS vkSj nf.Mr djus ds mn~ns'; ls fn;k x;k gSA
vk jgk gS mlls ,sls Nk= fudysaxs tks u flQZ ckSf)d :i ls nqfu;k dh blfy, lk{;ksa dks ns[krs gq, vkSj lHkh igyqvksa ij fopkj djrs gq,
nwljh txgksa ls fudyus okys Nk=ksa dh cjkcjh dj ldsaxs cfYd ,d lapkyd e.My] Hkk-izkS-la- ¼dk-fg-fo-fo-½ dh 21-12-2015 dh cSBd ds
mRd`"V thou th ldsaxs] vius ns'k ls izse djsaxs rFkk loksZPp lRrk ds ckn 6-1-2016 dks fn, x, vkns'k dks ge [kkfjt djrs gSa vkSj fdukjs
izfr oQknkj jgsaxsA^ f'k{kk ,d lkaLd`frd dok;n gS ftlesa mi;qDr j[krs gSaA fjV ;kfpdk dks Lohdkj fd;k tkrk gS mldk ykHk vkSj dher
izf'k{k.k gksrk gSA izksQslj vusZLV ckdZj us fo'ofo|ky; dh vo/kkj.kk Hkh feysA vkns'k fnukad 24-4-2016 'ks[kj ¼egs'k panz f=ikBh] U;k;ewfrZ½
dks bl rjg ifjHkkf"kr fd;k gS% ^,d laxfBr fMxzh iznku djus okyk ¼oh-ds- 'kqDy] U;k;ewfrZ½
laLFkku tks mPp f'k{kk dh 'kk[kkvksa ds v/;;u o fodkl ds fy, cuk gS
tks Lor% fu;af=r gS vkSj ftldk nk;jk de ;k T;knk jk"Vªh; gSA^ ,d
f'k{kd fo'ofo|ky; ds mn~ns';ksa dh iwfrZ gsrq rFkk f'k{kk dh izfd;k esa
dsUnzh; Hkwfedk fuHkkrk gSA ,d f'k{kd Kku ds fodkl] ckSf)d Lora=rk
(193) (194)

final book
Friday, April 05, 2019 2:44:41 PM