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Binalonan

FOURTH QUARTER EXAMINATION


S.Y. 2016-2017
SCIENCE 10

Name: ___________________________________ Grade and Section: _____________ Date:_________ Score: ________

I. Read the statements or questions carefully and then shade the letter of the correct answer from the choices given
before each number.

1. What happens during a chemical reaction?


A. Atoms are destroyed. C. Elements are destroyed.
B. Atoms are rearranged. D. New elements are produced.
2. A chemical reaction is a process in which
A. all reactants change state. C. the law of conservation of mass applies.
B. products change into reactants. D. All of the given choices.
3. What determines an atom’s ability to undergo chemical reactions?
A. Protons B. Neutrons C. Innermost Electrons D. Outermost Electrons
4. How is a chemical equation balanced?
A. Changing subscripts C. Adding Coefficients
B. Erasing elements as necessary D. Adding elements as necessary

For items 5-9, refer to the given information.


Carbon (C) combines with Oxygen (O) at low concentration to form Carbon Monoxide (CO). Below is
the chemical equation of the reaction. The mass of 1 carbon atom is 12.010 g while the mass of one oxygen atom is
15.999 g.
2 C + O2  2 CO

5. What can you infer about the mass of the reactants and products?
A. The combined mass of carbon and oxygen is greater than the mass of carbon monoxide.
B. The combined mass of carbon and oxygen is equal to the mass of carbon monoxide.
C. Carbon monoxide would have greater mass than the mass of carbon and oxygen.
D. Mass cannot be determined due to incomplete data.

6. Which of the following supports the notion that mass is conserved before and after the reaction?
A. The chemical equation is balanced in both sides.
B. Same elements were involved before and after the reaction.
C. Two moles of carbon and oxygen yielded to 2 moles of carbon monoxide.
D. Equal amount of carbon gas and oxygen gas was involved in the reaction.

7. What would be the total mass of the reactants before the chemical reaction?
A. 12.010 g B. 15.999 g C. 28.009 g D. 56.018 g

8. What would be the mass of the carbon monoxide formed in the chemical reaction?
A. 12.010 g B. 15.999 g C. 28.009 g D. 56.018 g

9. Suppose 4 moles of carbon gas and 2 moles of oxygen gas were used in the chemical reaction, how
many moles of carbon monoxide will be formed after?
A. 2 B. 4 C. 6 D. 8

10. The rate of reaction increases as the temperature increases. Which of the following statements
provides the best explanation for this?
A. Higher temperature has higher activation energy.
B. At lower temperatures the particles do not collide with each other.
C. Increasing the temperature increases the number of particles, so they collide more often.
D. At higher temperatures the particles have more energy, move faster and collide more often.
11. Which of the following statements about collisions is correct?
A. Reactions can happen if the colliding particles have enough energy.
B. Reaction will occur even without collision of molecules.
C. All colliding particles have the same amount of energy.
D. Only fast-moving particles collide with each other.

12. Chemical reactions eventually stop. What is generally the reason for this?
A. Wrong catalyst was used. C. The particles have run out of energy.
B. The catalyst has been used up. D. One or more of the reactants has been used up.

13. In a reaction with hydrochloric acid, why does powdered magnesium reacts faster than the same
mass of magnesium ribbon?
A. The powdered magnesium is hotter than the magnesium ribbon.
B. The powdered magnesium contains more atoms than the magnesium ribbon.
C. The powdered magnesium has a bigger surface area than the magnesium ribbon.
D. The powdered magnesium has a similar surface area than the magnesium ribbon.

14. Marble reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce calcium chloride, water and carbon dioxide. In
which of these mixtures is the rate of reaction likely to be the greatest?
A. 1 g of marble chips in 100 cm3 of hydrochloric acid at 200C
B. 1 g of powdered marble in 100 cm 3 of hydrochloric acid at 300C
C. 1 g of marble in 100 cm3 of hydrochloric acid at 200C
D. 1 g of marble chips in 100 cm 3 of hydrochloric acid at 300C

15. Fresh fish and meat that are not stored in a refrigerator show signs of spoilage in less than a day.
What has caused the spoilage?
A. temperature changes C. oxygen in air
B. presence of microorganisms D. all of the given choices

16. In Bocaue Bulacan, most of the fires that were labeled as due to undetermined origin have always
been the storage of pyro technique materials (paputok) in powder form. Which of the following
supports the given idea?
A. Alongside with these materials, catalyst is stored nearby.
B. Pyro technique materials in powder form easily get heated in the storing.
C. Bocaue, Bulacan has humid temperature causing the materials to explode easily.
D. All of the given choices.

17. How to slow down corrosion in the chain of a bicycle?


A. Apply some grease in the chain. C. Both A and B
B. Keep the chain dry. D. None among the given choices.

18. MSG or vetsin gives cream and soups their brothy taste. But some experiments on young mice given
consistent doses of MSG showed that the mice suffered tissue destructions in the brain. What
appropriate action must be taken?
A. Ban MSG in the market. C. Do not consume food with MSG.
B. Use MSG in moderation. D. All of the given choices.

19. Salt on fish (bagoong) kills organism of decay by causing the withdrawal of water from the cytoplasm
of their cells. Salt serves as
A. an additive that prevents chemical reaction on fish.
B. a catalyst that slows down the reaction on the fish.
C. a catalyst that fastens the rate of reaction on the fish.
D. None among the given choices.

20. The nature of the reactant is a very important factor in improving production of materials. In which
situation the given statement is best shown?
A. Galvanized iron roof (steel combined with aluminum) has an attractive finished surface that is an
excellent heat resistant.
B. CFCs used in aerosols contribute chlorine in the atmosphere that destroys the ozone.
C. Kalburo (lime) is added to mango fruits to hasten the pace of ripening.
D. In the preparation of margarine from vegetable oil, hydrogen gas reacts with the oil and causes it
to solidify.
21. Which of the following is NOT a major source of protein?
A. beans B. egg C. milk D. fruits

22. Which of the following contains the most lipids?


A. grapes B. margarine C. vinegar D. peanut

23. Which of the following is CORRECTLY MATCHED?


A. glucose: disaccharide C. starch: polysaccharide
B. sucrose: monosaccharide D. triglyceride: polysaccharide

24. Nutritional chemists have found that burning 1 gram of fat releases twice the amount of heat energy
than burning 1 gram of starch. Based on this information, which type of biomolecule would cause a
person to gain more weight?
A. carbohydrate B. fat C. proteins D. nucleic acid

25. Lipids are insoluble in water because lipid molecules are


A. hydrophilic. B. hydrophobic. C. neutral. D. Zwitter ions.

26. Which of the following groups are all classified as polysaccharide?


A. sucrose, glucose and fructose C. glycogen, sucrose and maltose
B. maltose, lactose and fructose D. glycogen, cellulose and starch

27. Amino acids are the building blocks of which group of biomolecules?
A. proteins B. carbohydrates C. lipids D. nucleic acid

28. Which of the following is the major function of carbohydrates?


I. structural framework II. Storage III. Energy production
A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I and III only

29. In which organs are glycogen stored in the body?


A. liver and spleen C. liver and bile
B. liver and muscle D. liver and adipose tissue

30. When digesting a complex carbohydrate, water is added and simple sugar is obtained. This process is
known as
A. photosynthesis. B. hydrolysis. C. dehydration. D. condensation.

For items 31-36, use the following as your choices.


I. Carbohydrates II. Lipids III. Nucleic Acids IV. Proteins

31. Which of the biomolecules contain other elements aside from carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen?
A. I and II B. II and IV C. III and IV D. II and III

32. Which of the biomolecules provide energy and are very soluble to water?
A. I only B. II only C. I and II D. III and IV

33. Which of the biomolecules store the hereditary traits of humans?


A. I B. II C. III D. IV

34. Which of the biomolecules can be derived from vegetables and can be processed into solid form?
A.I B. II C. III D. IV

35. Which of the biomolecules contain two functional groups which are the basic NH 2 amino group and
acidic-COOH carboxylic acid group?
A. III only B. IV only C. I and II D. III and IV

36. Which of the biomolecules are responsible for protein synthesis in the cells?
A. III only B. IV only C. I and II D. III and IV
37. Men who tend to do a lot of physical work such as those in construction should eat a meal rich in
carbohydrates. Why is this so?
A. The carbohydrate in the food that they eat keeps them hydrated so that they will not feel thirsty.
B. Their brain needs carbohydrates so that they can think properly to do their physical work.
C. Food rich in carbohydrates can provide energy needed to complete their work.
D. Carbohydrates are the building blocks of the muscles and tissues of the body.

38. Dondon’s breakfast includes banana, chocolate drink, bread and butter. Butter is an example of
animal fat. What will happen to Dondon if he consumes too much butter?
A. Excess fat may clog in his arteries and will cause his heart to overwork.
B. He will obtain an oversized body that will cause him to move difficultly.
C. He might have a diarrhea because his stomach can’t digest too much fat.
D. Nothing bad will happen to him since the body needs plenty of fats for energy.

39. Children in underdeveloped countries have no access to proper food. Which of the following might
happen to these children?
A. Their body might suffer due to protein-energy malnutrition.
B. They might acquire diseases due to lack of vitamins and nutrients in their body.
C. Their brain will not function well causing them to perform poorly in schools.
D. All of the given choices.

40. What does it mean to be “lactose intolerant”?


A. The body does not produce lactase which is necessary to break the bond between glucose and
galactose.
B. A person who is “lactose intolerant” should not drink milk because he might suffer from
diarrhea.
C. A “lactose intolerant” person cannot digest milk products.
D. All of the given choices.

II. Balance the following chemical reactions and then identify the type of reaction involved. Use the following as your
choices:

A. Combination Reaction
B. Decomposition Reaction
C. Displacement Reaction
D. Double Displacement Reaction

_____ 41-42. Zn + NaOH  H2(g) + Na2ZnO2

_____ 43-44. Br2 + KI  KBr + I2

_____ 45-46. AgCl  Ag + Cl2

_____ 47-48. FeCl3 + NaOH  Fe(OH)3 + NaCl

_____ 49-50. CaO + 2H2O  Ca(OH)2(liq)