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Quantum physics problems, Year (2016)

1. The radius of our Sun is 6.96 x 108 m, and its total power output s 3.77 x 1026 W. (a)
Assuming that the Sun’s surface emits as a black body, calculate its surface temperature.
(b) Using the result, find max for the Sun.
2. The human eye is most sensitive to 560 nm light. What is the temperature of a black body
that would radiate most intensely at this wavelength?
3. The photoelectric work function of potassium is 2.3eV. If light having wavelength of 250
nm falls on potassium, find (i) the stopping potential in volts. (b) kinetic energy of the
most energetic electrons ejected in eV and ( C ) speed of these electrons.
4. Lithium, Beryllium, and mercury have work functions of 2.30 eV, 3.90 eV and 4.50 eV,
respectively. Light with a wavelength of 400 nm is incident on each of these metals.
Determine (a) which metals exhibit the photoelectric effect and (b) the maximum kinetic
energy for the photoelectrons in each case.
5. X-rays of wavelength 0 = 0.20 nm are scattered from a block of material. The scattered
X-rays are observed at an angle of 45° to the incident beam. Calculate their wavelength.
6. X rays having energy of 300 keV undergo Compton scattering from a target. The
scattered rays are detected at 37.00 relative to the incident rays. Find (a) the Compton
shift at this angle (b) The energy of the scattered x-rays and (c) the energy of the
recoiling electron.
7. X-rays of wavelength 10 pm are scattered from a target (a) Find the wavelength of the X-
rays scattered through 450. (b) Find the maximum wavelength present in the scattered X-
rays? (c) Find the maximum kinetic energy of recoiled electrons?
8. A particle of charge q and mass m has been accelerated from rest to a nonrelativistic
speed through a potential difference of V. Find an expression for its de Broglie
wavelength.
9. The speed of an electron is measured to be 5.00 x 103 m/s to an accuracy of 0.0030%.
Find the minimum uncertainty in determining the position of this electron.
10. A hydrogen atom is 0.53Å in radius. Use uncertainty principle to estimate the minimum
energy an electron can have in this atom.
11. Certain ocean waves travel with a phase velocity

g
2
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Quantum physics problems, Year (2016)

where g is the acceleration due to gravity. Find the group velocity of a wave packet of
these waves in terms of the phase velocity.

Theory Questions
1. Explain (a) Stefan’s law (b) Wien’s displacement law (c) Rayleigh-Jeans law.
2. Sketch schematically the graph of wavelength vs intensity of radiation from a blackbody.
3. Explain Planck’s radiation law.
4. Write the assumptions made in Planck’s hypothesis of blackbody radiation.
5. Show that at long wavelengths, Planck’s radiation law reduces to the Rayleigh–Jeans law.
Explain the phenomenon of ultraviolet catastrophe in R-J formula. Obtain limiting value
of power emitted by black-body for small wavelengths in Planck’s formula.
6. Explain Compton effect.

7. Give importance of Compton effect. Define Compton wavelength.

8. If an electron and a proton have the same speed, which of the two will have the shorter
De Broglie wave length?

9. Explain a wavepacket and represent it schematically.

10. Explain (a) group speed (b) phase speed, of a wavepacket.

11. Obtain the relation between group velocity and phase velocity.

12. Prove that for a non-relativistic particle as well as relativistic particle group velocity and
particle velocity are same.

13. The uncertainty in the position of a particle moving with a speed v is equal to its de-
Broglie wavelength. Calculate the minimum uncertainty in its velocity. [v/4π ]

14. Explain Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

15. Write the equations for uncertainty in (a) position and momentum (b) energy and time.

Conceptual Questions/open book :


1. Find average energy of a quantum Oscillator in the limit of high wave lengths.
2. In our universe we have black holes, how they are different from black bodies?
3. If one uses Stefan’s law for real bodies (non- black) how radiant power is affected?

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Quantum physics problems, Year (2016)

4. In an experiment on photoelectric effect of an alkali metal (Li) monochromatic three


sources of light (red, violet and green) were used. Draw qualitative graphs of intensity
vs. photocurrent in this expt.
5. Why classical treatment of Photoelectric effect failed to explain the phenomenon?
6. Compton Effect is observed in X- rays. Why it cannot be observed for visible light?
7. How Compton Effect is different from Photoelectric effect?
8. Differentiate between group velocity and phase velocity. Is group velocity always less
than phase velocity? Explain.
9. Uncertainty principle is outcome of unavailability of precision equipments. Comment.
10. Uncertainty principles involving (i) position & linear momentum (ii) angular position
and angular momentum and (iii) energy and time are independent laws comment.