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COUPLINGS

There are two ways to couple machines together.

a) Close - Coupled

Two m/c mounted on the same shaft are said to be close –


coupled.

b) Coupling:
A device which joints two separate shafts together is called
coupling.
COMPARISON

Close – Couple Coupled


a) These units are more compact. a) Replacement of device / driver is
easier.
b) It is easier to align
device/driver b) Alignment needs skill and
experiences.

TYPES OF COUPLINGS

RIGID Coupling
With rigid coupling two shafts act as a single unit, because rigid coupling
joins the shafts tightly. These couplings do not bend or “curve”.

Flange Coupling
Flange coupling makes it easier to disconnect the shafts without moving
one the another.

Sleeve Coupling
The one with smaller O.D is the sleeve coupling. For a very narrow space
such as a well casing, a clean coupling would fit better. But to disconnect
the shafts, the shafts must be moved.
Usually rigid couplings are used on larger shaft that can absorb stress
them stress.

(ii) Flexible Coupling

Pumps, Compressor and prime movers have relatively rigid shaft and it is
open impossible to keep them perfectly aligned. Three mechanism are
manually coupled with coupled with flexible couplings. Flexible coupling
have attract one part that can flex or give.

b) Flexible coupling (couplings with flexible plates)

These couplings are specially suited to circumstances which problem of


end float exist. When a m/c jets up to speed, its shaft may have a
tendency to float, or move back highly as rotates. This is called end float.
Also when a shaft heats up it expands (dangates) and when cools off, it
contracts (short time) this expansion and contraction also causes and
float.

Instead of solid puffed, (spider) the flexible part of this coupling exists of
several their metal plates. If end float accurse the plates bend.

Advantages

1. Corrects misalignment.

2. Allows for end float.

3. Cushions surges in torque.

4. Suitable.

iii) GEAR COUPLING

Gears are mounted on the ends of each shaft. To make grass fit the shat
more securely, they are mounted on hucks. The sleeve that covers the
gears has batch on the inside which mesh with the gears on the shafts. To
make sleeve removable, it may be made in two pieces. Sleeve may be of
diff. m/t. Ranging from C.S to Teflon.
Advantages

1. Gear couplings compensate for radial misalignment.

2. The gear coupling can compensate for end float.

Lubrication of Coupling

Except for gear couplings no coupling has movable parts. Gear couplings
are in carsft. Metal to metal contacts. These couplings are either
lubricated with a film of oil or gases or these coupling may have sleeve /
teeth made up of anti-friction material, such as Teflon.

(iv) TORQUE OR TORQUE CUSHIONING COUPLING

Same prime movers like piston engineers device curve torque. Torque
enshioing couplings are designed to smooth out surges in torque.

Steel Grid Coupling:

Two hubs are joined by a large springy strip of steel, woven back and forth
between them. This is called grid. The deel grid fits into groves machined
into the surface of the hubs. These couplings require adequate lubrication.

Flexible tyre coupling:- Instead of grid this coupling has flexible rubber
tyre / up which inslions the fluctuations in torque advantages.

1. Handles misalignment.

2. Compensates & end float.

3. Cushions surges in torque.


Comparison

These couplings are designed to handle following operating problems.

OPERATING
RIGID FLEXIBLE GEAR TORQUE
PROBLEM
NO YES YES NO Ureven
expansion
NO YES YES YES
Misalignment
NO YES YES YES end float smgei
in torque
NO YES NO YES