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Hospital Spaces

Goals in Hospital Design


(A Review)

 Patient-Centered Design and Accessibility


 Efficient Flow and Low Maintenance
 Controlled Circulation and Security
 Design Flexibility and Expandability
 Functionality and Sustainability
 Creating Healing/ Therapeutic Environments
and Aesthetics

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Trends in Hospital Design
 Design around Modern Technology
 Create Adaptable Spaces
 Use Materials that Protect Against the Spread
of Infection
 Implement Biophilic Interior Design
 Provide Concierge Healthcare Services

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Goals + Trends

• Patient-Centered Design • Design around Modern


• Functionality and Technology
Sustainability • Adaptable Spaces
• Design Flexibility • Use Materials that Protect
• Efficient Flow Against the Spread of
• Low Maintenance Infection
• Controlled Circulation • Biophilic Interior Design
• Creating Healing Spaces • Concierge

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1. Design Around Modern
Technology
• Digital Kiosks
• Used for data gathering and to optimizing databases
to improve patient care and streamline processes.
• Artificial Intelligence is now poised to become the
next evolution of healthcare data management,
analysis and prediction.
• Lessen incidence of medical errors.
• Technology used to effectively hasten the sharing of
information, benefiting not only healthcare providers
but end users as well.
• Telemedicine and VR
• Create facilities that offer remote video
consultations, as well as amenities for off-site, on-
line data gathering, making medicine accessible for
all.
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“As technologies advance, so should
the ways they are used in healthcare
facilities. These advances in
technology will improve operational
workflow and staff efficiency, offer
patients more options for care, and
help you decide which design details
matter most in your facility.”

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2. Create Adaptable Spaces
• Use Prefabricated Walls
• Create Shell Spaces
• Plan Centralized Work Stations
• Improve workflow by locating nurses
nearer to patients
• Adjacent consultation rooms
promote collaboration
• Improves mood and prevents feeling
of isolation
• Use Modular Systems

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By focusing on these healthcare
interior design trends, you can
maximize space for exam areas, nursing
stations, or administrative tasks easily,
allowing you to improve efficiency,
patient treatment, and adapt to the
growing needs of your staff.

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3. Use Materials that Protect
Against the Spread of
Infection
• Hospital design features such as bacteria-resistant
surfaces, antimicrobial fabrics, bacteria-killing
Use Materials that Protect Against the Spread of
lights, disinfectant stations, sink visibility, and
Infection
careful engineering of the building’s ventilation
system can work toward decreasing the spread
and rate of infection in a hospital setting.
• Bacteria-resistant finishes, like copper and
copper-oxide.
• Indigo LED lighting
• Sink visibility and Wayfinding
• ID High-risk patients
• Ventilation
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4. Implement Biophilic Interior
Design
• Embrace Natural Light
• Floor-to-ceiling windows, glass curtain
walls, and skylights reduce the need for
artificial lighting and help improve patient
and staff moods. Additionally, daylight
exposure can serve as a natural
disinfectant.
• Integrate the Outdoors in
• User Considerations
• Best implemented for non-sterile areas,
care must also be taken into designing
for privacy, sanitation, and other factors
that are primary to patient care.

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“Biophilic interior design brings the
outdoors inside. In hospitals,
biophilic design most often connects
communal spaces—entrances,
waiting rooms, and cafeterias—to
daylight and nature to promote a
calming environment for all who
enter”

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5. Provide Concierge Healthcare
Services
• Concierge healthcare goes above and
beyond the basics of traditional service.

• Neutral colored waiting and exam areas


• A neutral-colored palette makes spaces
appear more sophisticated and helps
patients feel more at ease Lessen incidence
of medical errors.
• Private waiting rooms
• Wayfinding supporting technology

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The Jacobs Medical Center, UCSD, San Diego, USA
The Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Ospital Pacifica de Juan and Juana Angara, Baler, Philippines
Hospital Planning
Goals in Hospital Planning
Increase efficiency in Results in duplication and
operation inefficiency
 Promote good practice  May result to unsafe
and safe health care practices
delivery  Increase running costs
 Minimize recurrent costs  Reduced privacy, dignity
 Improve privacy, dignity and comfort
and comfort  Increased travel distances
 Minimize travel distances or force unnecessary
 Supports good travel
operational policy models  Limit range of operational
 Allow growth and change possibilities
over time  Lack of flexibility to
change
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Goals in Hospital Planning
The planning of a complex health facility is based on applying
commonly recognized "good relationships" as well as taking into
consideration site constraints and conformity with various codes and
guidelines.

 The “basics” are no longer efficient due to the evolution


of healthcare services.
 A good health facility plan usually can be reduced to a
basic flow diagram. If the diagram has clarity, is simple
and logical, it probably has good potential for
development.
 If on the other hand the model is too hard to reduce to a
simple, clear and logical flow diagram, it should be
critically examined.
 It is not sufficient to satisfy immediate or one-to-one
relationships.
 It may not be sufficient to satisfy only a limited, unusual
or temporary operational policy.
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Planning Policies
• Loose Fit refers to a type of plan which is not so tightly configured around
only one operational policy that it is incapable of adapting to another.
• Change by Management refers to plans which allow for changes in
operating mode as a function of management rather than physical building
change.
• Overflow Design refers to designing spaces to serve as overflow for other
areas that are subject to fluctuating demand.
• Progressive Shutdown allows to close off certain sections when they are not
in use. This allows for savings in energy, maintenance and staff costs.
• Open Ended Planning plan models and architectural shapes that have the
capability to grow, change and develop additional wings (horizontally or
vertically) in a controlled way.
• Modular Design and Universal Design is the concept of designing a facility
by combining perfectly designed standard components.
• Single Handing refers to assembling adjacent adjoining modules not in
mirror images of each other.
• Natural Disaster planning provides that the facility can still operate in the
event of a natural disaster.
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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Corridors
• Minimum width is to allow egress during an emergency
• Patient corridors and staff-only corridors may not have the same
width
• All corridor widths identified are clear of hand rails and/ or crash
rails or other items such as drinking fountains, hand basins,
telephone booths, columns, vending machines and portable/
mobile equipment. Equipment bays and obstructions located in
corridors must not impede the traffic flow. An allowance of 100mm
is recommended for handrails.
• Eliminate blind spots when possible

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Patient Corridors
• In patient areas such as Inpatient Units, Operating Units and
Intensive Care Units, where beds, trolleys and stretchers will be
moved regularly, minimum clear corridor widths of 2450mm
(2440) are recommended.

• Corridors may need to be widened at the entry to rooms to allow


for beds/ trolleys to turn into the room.
• Any corridors which may be used by a patient for any purpose
should not be less than 1850mm (1830) wide
• Corridors where irregular bed or trolley traffic is anticipated, such
as Radiology, can be reduced to 2000mm clear width.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Staff-only Corridors
• Staff only corridors with no patient traffic and where the corridor
length is not greater than 12 meters, such as a corridor to a group
of staff offices, may have a clear width of 1200mm.
• Consideration must also be given to accessibility requirements
which may include localized corridor widening or provision of
double doors to allow disabled staff to pass or to access doors.
• Public Corridors
• The width of major inter-department
arterial corridors and public corridors
generally should be as wide as is deemed
necessary for the proposed traffic flow, but
should not be less than 2450mm. Public
corridors should not be less than 1600mm.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Ceiling Heights
• A ceiling height of 2700mm is recommended in work areas with a
minimum of 2400mm
• Ceilings in patient bed areas should be a minimum of 2700mm.
• In critical care bed areas a ceiling height of 3000mm is
recommended to provide sufficient height for ceiling mounted
equipment and service pendants.
• Seclusion rooms must be designed and constructed to avoid
features that a patient could use for injury or self-harm. The
recommended ceiling height is 3000mm with a minimum height
of 2750mm
• The recommended ceiling height in new areas such as corridors,
passages and recesses is 2700mm with a minimum of 2400mm. In
existing facilities being renovated, ceiling heights in Corridors or
Ensuites may be reduced to 2250mm, but only over limited areas
such as where a mechanical duct passes over a corridor.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Ceiling Heights
• A minimum ceiling height of 3000mm is required in
Operating rooms, Interventional Imaging rooms and
Birthing rooms. Ceiling mounted equipment must be
able to achieve the required clearance height of 2150mm
when in the stowed position, especially within circulation
areas.
• Rooms with ceiling mounted equipment, such as X-ray
Rooms and Operating Rooms may require increased
ceiling heights. Ceiling heights should achieve the
minimum recommended height and comply with
equipment manufacturers' installation requirements.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Ergonomics
• All facilities shall be designed and built in such a way that patients,
staff, visitors and maintenance personnel are not exposed to
avoidable risks of injury.
• Ergonomics incorporates aspects of functional design - the practice of
designing elements to take into account the proper use and to suit
the people using them.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Signage
• The font style chosen for signs should be a simple open style and
easy to read. The preferred lettering style is 'Helvetica Medium' or
Arial as an alternative, upper and lower case generally. Upper case
only is recommended for the building Main Entry Sign.
• There should be a luminance contrast of 30% minimum between the
lettering and the background of all signs.
• Internationally recognized symbols (pictograms) in lieu of room titles
are recommended as these are universally understood.

• Braille and Tactile signage are recommended for all signs within
reach range.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Directional Signage
• Directional signs are normally ceiling or wall mounted and not
illuminated.
• Directional signs be provided to direct patients, staff and visitors
from the entry to all major destinations, including the room
required
• Exit directions be included where necessary
• Text be dark lettering on a light background for clarity and ease
of reading
• Directional signs on ceilings should not obscure any other ceiling
services, light fittings, emergency lighting or fire exit signs.
• Directional signs in the Main areas and public amenities areas
may include braille lettering. If provided, it is recommended that
signs with braille should be located immediately above the hand
rail.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Room/ Door Numbers and Patient Information
• Signage requirements in patient areas and Bed rooms need to
carefully consider patient confidentiality issued.
• Fire and Egress Signs
• Doors
• Door Swings
• Doors subject to constant patient or staff usage should not swing
into corridors in a manner that might obstruct traffic flow or
reduce the required corridor width. Where doors need to swing
out into corridor they should be set in a recess. The recess should
extend a minimum of 100mm beyond the extend of the door
swing.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Doors
• Door Swings
• Doors to rooms that are likely to be used by patients without
staff assistance should be single or double swing type.
• Swing doors should generally open into rooms from corridors
and circulation areas EXCEPT to bathrooms, changing rooms,
doors labeled as EMERGENCY ACCESS, and mental health patient
rooms.
• Door Openings
• The recommended minimum clear door opening width to Patient
Bedrooms is 1400mm wide and 2140mm high and not less than
1200mm wide and 2040 high.
• Rooms that require access for stretchers, wheelchairs, people
with a disability or using mobility aids should have a minimum
clear door opening of 900mm. Where access is required for
hoists and shower trolleys a minimum clear opening of 1000mm
is recommended.
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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Door Hardware
• Handles
• Handles with a full return are recommended,
allowing it to be unlocked and opened with
one hand.
• Push plates with a pull handle
• Door handles in Mental Health areas must not
provide ligature points that may be used for
self harm.
• Door Locks
• Door locking may include keyed locks,
electronic locking systems, push buttons and
privacy latches with indicators. Door locking
should always allow escape from inside a
room accidentally locked. Fire exit doors
should be openable from the inside with a
single action.
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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Door Hardware
• Hold Open Devices
• Soft Closing Devices
• Door Grills
• Door grilles and undercuts are not recommended
in the following rooms or areas:
• Pressurized room
• Rooms with radiation shielding
• Rooms requiring acoustic privacy
• Fire or smoke doors
• Doors used by people in wheelchairs, due to
potential damage
• Doors in patient areas within a mental health
unit, to avoid potential for self-harm.
• Doors in Bathrooms (use undercut instead)

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Observation Glass
• Glazed panels may be provided in doors where visual observation
for reasons of safety, security or patient observation is required.
Obscured or frosted glazing of varying degrees may be provided to
doors where it is necessary to observe a person standing behind
the door while maintaining room security and privacy.
• Automatic and Sliding Doors
• Automatic doors are highly desirable in areas where there may be a
large volume of movement such as Main Entrances and delivery
points
• Sliding doors should be used with caution due to difficulties with
cleaning, maintenance issues and acoustic issues. If installed, sliding
doors should be of solid core or metal frame construction to resist
warping and therefore locking. Sliding doors should have tracks on
top and guides to the bottom of the door for efficient operation.
Floor tracks should not be installed. Pocket Sliding doors are
discouraged.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Grab Bars
• Clearance of the top arc of 270° is to be
achieved throughout the full length of the
handrail
• Rail ends should return to the wall or floor
• Hand rails should have eased edges and
corners
• Handrails are to be 30 – 50mm in diameter
spaced 50mm from the support wall or
balustrade.
• Where an elliptical handrail is used the
horizontal dimension must be the larger
• Ends of handrails at the bottom of stairs
and ramps extend beyond the last riser for
the depth of one tread and ends of the
ramp or top riser and then horizontally for
at least 300mm
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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Grab Bars

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Grab Bars
• Handrails meeting outside wall corners
should be either continuous around the
corner or set back from the corners by
approximately 100mm. This is to minimize
the chance of the rail grabbing onto
clothing, especially large pockets. Any
handrails continuing around 90 degree
corners should be rounded to avoid a
dangerous sharp edge.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Windows
• All rooms occupied by patients or staff on a regular basis require glazed
windows or doors to achieve external views and/or make use of direct or
borrowed natural light, where practical.
• Each required external window and/ or external glazed door should have a
net glazed area of not less than 8 per cent of the floor area of the room
concerned
• An opening component not less than 5 per cent of the floor area of that
same room is considered highly desirable but not mandatory.
• Consider cleaning maintenance when issuing fixed windows.
• Openable windows improve ventilation, especially when air-
conditioning is not provided.
• Openable windows should have provision to restrict the degree of
opening to prevent passage of objects of a similar size to a 100mm
diameter sphere through the opening. Locks should be heavy duty,
affixed to both sides of awning windows and fixed securely through the
frame with tamper proof fixings.
• Awning windows should not be used in multi-storey buildings because
they can act as smoke/ heat scoops from fires in storeys below
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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Flooring
• Design Considerations:
• Floor finish characteristics such as wear resistance and
cleanability floor finishes should be impermeable, sealed, easy to
clean, scrubbable, able to withstand chemical cleaning have an
integral base
• All floor surfaces in clinical areas should be constructed of
materials that allow the easy movement of mobile equipment
• Floor finishes should be selected to conform to imaging
equipment technical requirements
• Special provision of textured or studded flooring for areas with
high potential for slip hazards
• Standard vinyl and similar products are the easiest materials for
the movement of trolleys and wheelchairs.

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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Flooring
• Design Considerations:
• Carpet, if used should be direct stick, commercial density with short
piles, preferably loop piles
• Many hospital staff consider that it is harder to move objects over
cushioned vinyl. However, cushioned vinyl may still be preferred to
standard vinyl for its sound absorption qualities
• Hard surfaces such as ceramic tiles, terrazzo, laminates or similar
finishes generate and reflect noise
• Slip Resistance
• Standard slip resistant vinyl may be used in areas where the floor is dry
and those using the floor will be wearing shoes
• Standard textured vinyl may be used where floors may be
intermittently splashed with water
• Studded vinyl flooring is suitable for wet areas with bare feet
applications
• Safety vinyl flooring rated non-slip is suitable in wet areas where trolley
movement is also expected. Not suitable with bare feet application.
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Access, Mobility, Occupational Health & Safety
• Flooring
• Slip Resistance
• Ceramic tiles with an appropriate slip resistance may be used for
Bathrooms, but not clinical areas requiring seamless finishes.
Smaller ceramic tiles generally provide greater slip resistance. The
best combination of slip resistance and easy cleaning is
commonly referred to as textured which has an ‘orange peel'
finish.
• Stone and terrazzo may not be slip resistant and if used in areas
such as foyers and lobbies may be treated with non-slip
chemicals

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Infection Control
• Surfaces
• Unnecessary horizontal, textured, moisture retaining
surfaces or inaccessible areas where moisture or dust can
accumulate should, where possible, be avoided.
• All door surfaces, in particular, the top horizontal surface of
doors should be sealed to provide a cleanable, moisture-
resistant finish
• Where there is likely to be direct contact with patients,
blood or other body fluids, floors and walls should be
surfaced with smooth impermeable seamless materials,
such as vinyl. In equipment processing areas, work surfaces
should be non-porous, smooth and easily cleaned.
• All surfaces in high risk clinical areas should be smooth,
seamless and impervious with sealed or welded joints.
• Ceilings
• No exposed ceilings
• Use monolithic ceilings in sterile areas
• Acoustic ceilings should not be used if it can disturb
infection control
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Infection Control
• Walls
• Wall finishes to clinical areas should all be washable and
have a smooth surface
• Wall finishes should be smooth and water-resistant if
plumbing lines exist within, with edges sealed. Tiled areas
in food preparation areas should be supplied with epoxy
grouting
• Walls that are not full height and which provide a ledge for
dust collection, particularly when located in clinical or
procedural areas, should be capped with a durable and
impervious material that can be easily cleaned and
maintained
• Floors
• All flooring selections should enable good housekeeping
maintenance and be easy to clean. Treatment Areas should
not be carpeted. Non-slip vinyl finishes should be located
under all hand wash basins.

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Infection Control
• Floors
• Floors in areas used for food preparation or food assembly
should be water resistant and greaseproof
• Floor materials should not be physically affected by
germicidal cleaning solutions.
• Where floors meet wall surfaces in wet areas, the floor
finish should be curved at the junction to avoid a square
joint, the cove skirting turned up minimum 100mm from
the floor
• Skirtings in all clinical areas, food preparation areas and
other areas subject to frequent wetting due to cleaning
methods, should be made integral with the floor - tightly
sealed against the wall and constructed without voids.
• All gaps must be avoided.

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Main Entrance Unit
The Main Entrance Unit is generally located on
ground level, in a location easily seen and
accessible from car parking and public transport
stations, and provides for the following functions:
• Entry to the hospital
• Drop off and collection area
• Patient reception and enquiries
• Way finding to hospital units
• Patient and visitor waiting.

Functional Areas
• Entry Areas
• Reception/ Enquiries Area
• Public Areas
• Retail Areas

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Main Entrance Unit
The Entry Areas
• External drop-off and collection point,
preferably under cover
• Airlock, recommended but optional
• Entrance Lobby
• Reception Waiting Areas
• Direct access to entrance, corridors,
elevators, and main areas
• Security
• Signages
The Reception
• Should be highly visible from the entry with
good signposting
• The Reception Desk may be open plan,
partially enclosed or fully enclosed, to be
determined by a security risk assessment

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Main Entrance Unit
Public Areas
• Waiting Areas
• Require seating for a range of occupants
• May Include separate family waiting areas
• Must be close to public amenities
• Public Amenities
• public amenities including Toilets,
Parenting Rooms and Prayer rooms.
• The sign posting to public amenities
should be highly visible and easily
understood; use of pictograms is
recommended. All public amenities will
require access for people with disabilities.
Retail Areas
• Retail areas will require good public access,
and ready access to public amenities.

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Main Entrance Unit Design
Acoustics
• Installation of sound absorbing surface
materials to walls, floors and ceilings
• Provision of acoustic fabrics to waiting chairs
• Acoustic screen panels to waiting areas
• Sound absorbing fabric drapes to windows
Natural Light
• Windows are highly desirable
• General lighting at the Reception Desk and in
staff work areas should be even, sufficient for
illumination of the work area, avoid glare to
computer screens and non-reflective.
Privacy
Signposting
• Over the entrance, reception, amenities
• Wayfinding for the disabled
• Directional signages
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Inpatient Unit
The prime function of the Inpatient Unit is to
provide appropriate accommodation for the
delivery of health care services including diagnosis,
care and treatment to inpatients.
The Unit must also provide facilities and conditions
to meet the needs of patients and visitors as well
as the workplace requirements of staff.

Functional Areas
• Entry/ Reception Area
• Patient Areas
• Support Ares
• Staff Areas
• Shared Areas

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Inpatient Unit
Reception Area
• The Reception is the receiving hub of the unit
and may be used to control the security of
the Unit.
• A Waiting area for visitors may be provided
with access to separate male/female toilet
facilities and prayer rooms. If immediately
adjacent to the Unit, visitor and staff gowning
and protective equipment may also be
located here for infection control during ward
isolation.
Patient Area
• Patient Rooms
• Ensuites
• Lounges

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Inpatient Unit
Support Area
• Handwashing, Linen and Equipment bays
• Clean Utility, Dirty Utility and Disposal Rooms
• Beverage Bays and Pantries
• Meeting Room/s and Interview rooms
Staff Area
• Offices and workstations
• Staff Room
• Staff Station and handover room
• Toilets, Shower and Lockers.
Shared Areas
• Patient Bathroom
• Treatment Room
• Public Toilets
• Visitor Lounge

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Inpatient Unit
Optimum functional relationships among the areas
include:
• Patient occupied areas are the core of the unit
• Bed Room(s) on the perimeter arranged in a
racetrack model
• Staff Station is centralized for maximum patient
visibility and access
• Clinical support areas located close to Staff
Station(s) and centralized for ease of staff
access
• Utility and storage areas need ready access to
both patient and staff work areas
• Public Areas should be on the outer edge of
the Unit
• Shared Areas should be easily accessible from
the Units served
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Inpatient Unit
Optimum functional relationships among the
areas include:
• Administrative areas located at the Unit entry
and adjacent to Staff Station
• The Patient Lounge located close to the Unit
entry allowing relatives to visit patients
without traversing the entire Unit.
• Reception located at Unit entry for control
over entry corridor

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Inpatient Unit Design
Acoustics
• Minimize ambient noise within the rooms and
transmission of sound across rooms
• Applied to bedrooms, bathrooms, interview
rooms, treatment rooms and staff rooms
Natural Light
• Windows are highly desirable
Privacy
• The design of the Inpatient Unit needs to
consider the contradictory requirement for
staff visibility of patients while maintaining
patient privacy
• Factors for consideration include:
• use of interior windows
• location of beds
• provision of bed screens
• location of sanitary facilities
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Inpatient Unit Design
Rooms Capacity
• Maximum room capacity is 4 patients.
• Minimum room dimensions are based on
overall bed dimensions (buffer to buffer) of
2250 mm long x 1050 mm wide.
Room Clearances
• In single bed rooms there shall be a clearance
of 1200 mm available at the foot of each bed
to allow for easy movement of equipment
and beds.

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Inpatient Unit Design
Room Clearances
• In multiple-bed rooms, the minimum distance
between bed center lines shall be 2400 mm..
This also applies to pediatric rooms to allow
space for relatives.
Accessibility
• A Bedroom and Ensuite should be provided
with full accessibility compliance
• Accessible bedrooms and ensuites should
enable normal activity for wheelchair
dependent patients, as opposed to patients
who are in a wheelchair as a result of their
hospitalization.
Infection Control
• Hand basins
• Isolation rooms

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Inpatient Unit Design
Safety and Security
• Safe environments while remaining non-
threatening
• Provide facilities for safe-keeping
• Drug storage
Fixtures and Fittings
• Bed screens for shared rooms. Allows for
visual privacy from other patients.
• Curtains/ blinds to allow patients to rest
during the daytime.
Other Equipment
• IT and Communication
• Nurse Call
• Entertainment Systems

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Inpatient Unit Design
Standard Single Occupancy Room

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Inpatient Unit Design
Standard Single Occupancy Ensuite

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Inpatient Unit Design
Four Occupancy Room

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Hospital Proposal
The Ospital de Yna’tanak is a 2-level, multi-
disciplinary hospital located in Coron,
Palawan. Though offering general medical
services, the OYnK will primarily operate as a
mother and children’s hospital. Being the first
of it’s kind in the country, the OYnk aims to
focus together all services catering to women,
as well as child healthcare, offering premier
services in a rural setting. Taking inspiration
from its idyllic location as well as Coron’s rich
heritage, the OYnK creates a enclave that
communes with its surroundings. Feasibility
and economy were deciding factors in the
design, though never compromising on the
welfare and quality of care provided to
OYnK’s patients, as well as staff.

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Hospital Proposal
Services offered at the OYnK are:
• Maternity and Child Birth Care
• Pediatrics
• Traditional/ Alternative Medicine
• Out Patient Care
• Rehabilitation Medicine
• Oncology
• Mental Health Care
• Cardiac Care
• Emergency Medicine

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Hospital Proposal
Requirements in 15x30”:
• Floor Plan and Furniture Layout
• Floor Covering Plan
• Reflected Ceiling Plan with Lighting
• Rendered Perspectives of the following:
• Reception
• Main Corridor showing rooms
• 1 Great Room
• 1 Treatment Room

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The End

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