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rac The Shoulder Muscles Ulelecteaelicncula Name: Supra = Above Spinatus = Spine of the Scapula Origin: Medial ridge of the scapula Insertion: Greater tubercle of the humerus Function: Abducts the humerus, moving it away from the body Form: The supraspinatus is like a cone, thickest at the medial edge of the scapula and tapering to a point on the humerus. Usually, it’s not visible on the surface. Supraspinatus Spine of the Scapula * Name; Infra = Below Spinatus = Spine of the Scapula Origin: Large medial chunk of the scapula Insertion: Greater tubercle of the humerus Function: Laterally rotates the arm Form: The infraspinatus is flat and wide. It has a convex form, like all muscles do, but the convexity is usually subtle, like a fluffy pancake. Infraspinatus Teres Mi Name: Teres = Long and Round, Minor = Small Origin: Middle 1/3 of the lateral edge of the scapula Insertion: Greater tubercle of the humerus Function: Laterally rotates the arm Form: On the surface in can appear as accontinuation of the infraspinatus, or a depression. It isn’t always visible, but when you do see it, it's cylindrical. Teres Minor Name: Teres = Long and Round, Major = Large Origin: About 1/3 of the bottom of the scapula Insertion: Bicipital groove of the humerus. Function: Helps to adduct the arm to bring it down toward the body, extends it to bring the elbow backward, and medially rotates the arm. Form: A cylindrical muscle, but much larger than the teres minor. The teres major is visible on most people, It's the bump on the outer contour of the back, near the armpit. When the arm is raised, it creates a double curve with the latissimus dorsi. Teres Major