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10/22/2018 1+1 Protection and 11 Protection

1+1 Protection and 1:1 Protection

1+1 Protection
Each working channel has a

dedicated protection channel. At the


transmit end, services are

transmitted to both the working and


protection channels. In normal

cases, the receive end receives

services from the working channel.

If the working channel becomes


abnormal, the receive end

selectively receives services from

the protection channel based on

channel status and external


commands.

1:1 Protection
1:1 protection: Each working channel corresponds to a protection channel,

and they protect each other.

Services, however, are not

concurrently transmitted to both the


working and protection channels.

Instead, the transmit end sends

primary services to the working

channel and extra services (low-

level services) to the protection

channel. Then, the receive end

receives primary services from the


working channel and extra services

from the protection channel.

When the working channel is faulty,

the transmit end sends primary


services to the protection channel

and the receive end receives

primary services from the protection

channel. At this time, the extra

services are terminated to ensure

normal transmission of the primary

services.

M:N protection: M protection channels provide protection for N working

channels. Generally, M is equal to or less than N.

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