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Department Of Geology

Kumaun University

Engineering Geology

2012

Time: 1 hour Max. Marks: 20

Note: Question No. 1 is compulsory. Attempt two short answer questions from Section B and
one question from section C. All questions carry marks as given.

Section – A

Q.1 Choose the correct options: 5 Marks

(i) Which of the following dams is better suited for narrow valleys with strong and unconformly
sloping wells:

(a) Gravity Dam

(b) Arch Dam

(c) Earth Dam

(d) None of these

(ii) The method which involves the injection of suitable material into the broken and fractured
rock is called:

(a) Back filling

(b) Grouting

(c) Lining

(d) None of these

(iii) Which of the following factors generally has most important role responsible for landslide
occurrence?

(a) Effect of lithology

(b) Effect of water

(c) Effect of Associated structures

(d) None of these


(iv) The terminal support of the bridge is known as:

(a) Abutment

(b) Pier

(c) Span

(d) Deck

(v) R.I.S. stands for:

(a) Reservoir Induced Strength

(b) Risk in Seismicity

(c) Reservoir Induced Seismicity

(d) Reservoir Induced Storage

Section – B

Q.2. Define any two of the following: 5 marks

(a) Uniaxial Compressive Strength

(b) Reservoir Induced Seismicity

(c) Uplift pressure

Q.3. Comment on any two of the following: 5 marks

(a) Cable layed suspension bridge

(b) Tunnels in faulted zones

(c) Problem in piping

Section – C

Q.4. Describe in brief the types of Grouting. 5 marks

Q.5. Describe various geological considerations in tunnel alignment. 5 marks

M.Sc. Geology Semester IV Exam 2013

Engineering Geology
Time: One hour Max. Marks: 25

All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. Choose correct option/fill in the blanks/
state true and false wherever is necessary.

Section – A

(1) Which of the following dam is better suited for narrow valleys with strong and uniformly
sloping walls.

(a) Gravity dam

(b) Arch dam

(c) Buttress dam

(d) Earth dam

(2) Lithology being the same, which of the following geological settings will be most suitable for
the dam site

(a) Beds of the limb dip gently in the upstream direction

(b) Beds of the limbs dip gently in the downstream direction

(c) Beds are horizontal

(d) Beds are vertical

(3) Which of the following conditions is/are more safe for road cutting along the sedimentary
strata

(a) Cutting parallel to dip

(b) Cutting parallel to strike

(c) Cutting inclined to dip and strike

(d) Both ‘a’ & ‘b’

(4) Abutment is:

(a) Upstream side of a dam

(b) Downstream side of a dam

(c) The sides of the valley on which the dam structure rests

(d) Opening for discharge


(5) Sediment deposits in the reservoir can be reduced by:

(a) Providing vegetal cover

(b) Adopting soil conservation methods in the catchment area

(c) Avoiding reservoir sites which are prolific source of sediments

(d) All of the above

(6) The main factor(s) which causes over break is/are:

(a) Presence of closely spaced joints and fractures

(b) Presence of thinly bedded rocks

(c) Presence of more moisture content in the rock

(d) All the above

(7) In the packer method of grouting, the grouting is started from:

(a) Top of the hole

(b) Bottom of the hole

(c) Middle of the hole

(d) Any portion of the hole

(8) For strengthening of the rock mass a fluid sand, cement and water is applied through nozzle
ejecting at a high velocity is known as:

(a) Grouting

(b) Guniting

(c) Plastic

(d) Anchoring

(9) Grouting material may be:

(a) Cement

(b) Chemical

(c) Bituminous
(d) All of the above

(10) Selection of a dam site is made mainly based on:

(a) The geology of the site

(b) Cost of dam

(c) Environment study

(d) Groundwater condition in the area

(11) The factor/s which governs the stability of a bridge is/are

(a) Lateral force

(b) Earthquake force

(c) Scouring action of river

(d) All of the above

(12) The strength of the foundation rocks can be improved by:

(a) Grouting

(b) Rock bolting

(c) Cable Anchorage

(d) All of the above

(13) Pressure tunnels are also known as:

(a) Hydropower tunnels

(b) Discharge tunnels

(c) Diversion tunnels

(d) None of these

(14) The uplift pressure acting on a dam is controlled by:

(a) Pressure grouting in foundation

(b) Constructing cut off under stream face

(c) Construction drainage channels between dam and its foundation


(d) All the above

(15) The method which involves the injection of suitable material into the broken and fractured
rocks is called:

(a) Back filling

(b) Grouting

(c) Lining

(d) None of these

Section – B

16. The material which exhibits the elastic properties in all directions are called as
____________

17. The Bhakra Dam is built on the river _____________

18. The terminal support of the bridge is known as _____________

19. R.I.S. increases as the ___________ of water column _______________

20. The Tehri Dam is located on ___________ River.

Section – C

21. R.I.S. stands for Reservoir Induced Seismicity. (T/F)

22. The quantity of rock broken and removed in excess of which is required by perimeter of the
proposed tunnel is known as over break. (T/F)

23. Scour at bridge pier and abutments occurs due to the horse-shoe vortex at the upstream face
of the pier and abutments. (T/F)

24. The past where the dam comes in contact with the ground on the upstream side is called the
heel (T/F)

25. Quarrying of stone is the process of breaking it from its natural outcrop. (T/F)

M.Sc. Geology Semester IV Exam 2014

Engineering Geology
Time: One hour Max. Marks: 25

All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. Choose correct option/fill in the blanks/
state true and false wherever is necessary.

Section – A

(1) Which of the following condition is/are safer for road cutting along the sedimentary strata

(a) Cutting parallel to dip

(b) Cutting parallel to strike

(c) Cutting inclined to dip and strike

(d) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’.

(2) Abutment is:

(a) Upstream side of a dam

(b) Downstream side of a dam

(c) The sides of the valley on which the dam structure rests

(d) Opening for discharge

(3) Sediment deposits in the reservoir can be reduced by:

(a) Providing vegetal cover

(b) Adopting soil conservation methods in the catchment area

(c) Avoiding reservoir sites which are prolific source of sediments

(d) All of the above

(3) In the packer method of grouting, the grouting is started from:

(a) Top of the hole


(b) Bottom of the hole

(c) Middle of the hole

(d) Any portion of the hole

(5) The factors which govern the stability of a bridge is/are:

(a) Lateral force

(b) Earthquake force

(c) Scouring action of river

(d) All of the above

(6) Grouting material may be:

(a) Cement

(b) Chemical

(c) Bituminous

(d) All of the above

(7) Which of the following engineering properties is one of the important property to be tested
for rocks used as site of construction for foundation purposes.

(a) Uniaxial compressive strength

(b) Crushing strength

(c) Transverse strength

(d) Abrasive strength

(8) When blocks of rocks of varying size suddenly crashing downwards from cliffs along the
steep slopes, it is:

(a) Rock slides

(b) Rock falls

(c) Rapid flows

(d) Subsidence due to collapse

(9) If any loose material is piled up, it has a material slope of about:
(a) 15°

(b) 25°

(c) 35°

(d) 50°

(10) The method which involves the injection of suitable material into the broken and fractured
rock is called:

(a) Backfilling

(b) Grouting

(c) Lining

(d) None of the above

(11) The projection provided on a pair on its downstream side is known as:

(a) Cut water

(b) Ease water

(c) Offset water

(d) All of the above

(12) The ability of soil to support the load of the structure without yielding is known as:

(a) Bearing value of soil

(b) Bearing power of soil

(c) Bearing capacity of soil

(d) Any one of the above

(13) A wall built to resist the pressure of earth filling is known as:

(a) Breast wall

(b) Retaining wall

(c) Parapet wall

(d) Buttress wall


(14) Cohesion less soils are:

(a) Sands

(b) Silts

(c) Clays

(d) None of the above

(15) Soils transported by gravitational force:

(a) Talus

(b) Lacustrine

(c) Alluvial

(d) Cumulose

(e) Muck

Section – B

16. Head excavation in a sloping area ____________ stability.

17. R.I.S. stands for _____________ ___________ _____________.

18. In gravity dam, the main over lining force is _________ pressure.

19. The openings which control the discharge of surplus water from any reservoir together
constitute the spillway. (True/False)

20. The terminal support of the bridge is known as ____________.

Section – C

21. The quantity of rock broken and removed in excess of which is required by perimeter of the
proposed tunnel is known as over break. (T/F)

22. Quarrying of store is the process of breaking it from its natural outcrop. (T/F)

23. Landslides are downward and outward movement of slope material. (T/F)

24. Koyna earthquake is thought the best example of RIS. (T/F)

25. Tehri dam is constructed across Bhagirathi River. (T/F)


M.Sc. Semester IV Geology Exam – 2016

Mid-Term

Engineering Geology and Groundwater Hydrology

Time: 1 hour Max. Marks: 20

All questions are compulsory.

Q.1. Choose the correct option/fill in the blanks/ state True and False wherever necessary.

(i) When blocks of rocks of varying size suddenly crushing downwards from cliffs along the
steep slopes, it is called:

(a) Rock slides

(b) Rock falls

(c) Rapid flows

(d) Subsidence due to collapse

(ii) In a gravity dam, the main turning force is __________ pressure.

(iii) The opening which control the discharge of surplus water from any reservoir together
constitute the spillway (True/False)

(iv) The terminal support of a bridge is known as ________________

(v) The projection provided on a pier on its downstream side is known as

(a) Cut water

(b) Ease water

(c) Offset water

(d) All of these

(vi) If any loose material is piled up, it has a natural slope of about

(a) 15°

(b) 25°

(c) 35°
(d) 50°

(vii) Which of the following engineering properties is one of the important properties to be tested
for rocks used as site of construction for foundation purposes?

(a) Uniaxial compressive strength

(b) Crushing strength

(c) Transverse strength

(d) Abrasive strength

(viii) The factors which govern the stability of a bridge is/are:

(a) Lateral force

(b) Earthquake force

(c) Scouring action of river

(d) All of the above

(ix) Sediment deposits in the reservoir can be reduced by:

(a) Providing vegetal cover

(b) Adopting soil conservation methods in the catchment area

(c) Avoiding reservoir sites which are prolific source of sediments

(d) All of the above

(x) A wall built to resist the pressure of earth filling is known as:

(a) Breast wall

(b) Retaining wall

(c) Parapet wall

(d) Buttress wall

Q. 2. What is ‘Reservoir Induced Seismicity’? List the characteristics of Reservoir Induced


Seismicity.

Q.3. Write a short note on the geological consideration for the alignment of a tunnel in the
faulted terrain.
Department Of Geology, Kumaun University

M.Sc. IV Semester Examination – 2017

(Internal Assessment)

Engineering Geology

2012

Time: 1 hour Max. Marks: 20

1. Choose the correct option; fill in the blanks and state True (T) and False (F) as
applicable to the following questions:

(i) Which of the following engineering properties is one of the important property to be tested for
rocks used as site of construction for foundation purposes

(a) Uniaxial Compressive Strength

(b) Crushing Strength

(c) Transverse Strength

(d) Abrasive Strength

(ii) The method which involves the injection of suitable material into the broken and fractured
rocks is called ____________.

(iii) Arch dam is better suited for narrow valleys with strong and uniformly sloping walls
(True/False)

(iv) Stress is expressed as: (P=Load & A=Area)

(a) P/A

(b) A/P

(c) A.P

(d) A/P ×100

(v) The openings which control the discharge of surplus water from any reservoir together
constitutes the:

(a) Sluices
(b) Galleries

(c) Diversion tunnel

(d) Spill way

(vi) Sediment deposit in reservoir can be reduced by:

(a) Providing vegetal cover

(b) Adopting soil conservation measures in the catchment area

(c) Avoiding reservoir sites which are prolific source of sediment

(d) All of the above

(vii) The uplift pressure acting on a dam is controlled by pressure grouting in foundation.
(True/False)

(viii) The reservoir induced seismicity (RIS) increases as the height of water column behind a
dam ___________.

2. Discuss geological conditions of reservoir areas. 3

3. Briefly describe the engineering properties of rocks. 3

4. What is Reservoir-Induced Seismicity? Briefly discuss the characteristics of R.I.S. 3

5. Describe Rock bolting/ Anchoring of rocks in stabilizing the slopes. 3

M.Sc. (Fourth Semester)

EXAMINATION, 2011-12

GEOLOGY

Paper – I

(Engineering Geology)

Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 75

Note: (i) All questions carry equal marks.

(ii) Question No. 1 is compulsory.

(iii) Attempt four questions, selecting two questions from each Section B and Section C.
(iv) Answer the questions in the order as far as possible.

Section- A

1. (i) Stress is expressed as: (P=Load & A=Area):

(a) P/A

(b) A/P

(c) A.P

(d) A/P ×100

(ii) Which sites are generally not suitable for construction of dams:

(a) Where the beds with gentle upstream dip are present.

(b) Where the beds are vertical

(c) Where the beds with steep upstream dip are present

(d) Where the beds with gentle downstream dip are present

(iii) Sediment deposit in reservoir can be reduced by:

(a) Providing vegetal cover

(b) Adopting soil conservation measures in the catchment area

(c) Avoiding reservoir sites, which are prolific source of sediment

(d) All of the above

(iv) The uplift pressure acting on a dam is controlled by:

(a) Pressure grouting in foundation

(b) Constructing cut off under stream face

(c) All of the above

(v) The factors which govern the stability of a bridge is/are:

(a) Lateral force

(b) Earthquake force

(c) Scouring action of river water


(d) All of the above

(vi) Landslides are the:

(a) Downward movement of slope materials

(b) Outward movement of slope materials

(c) Downward and outward movement of slope materials

(d) Downward and inward movement of slope materials

(vii) Grouting material may be:

(a) Cement

(b) Chemical

(c) Bituminous

(d) All of the above

(viii) External causes of slope failures are those which produce:

(a) An increase in the shearing stresses at unaltered shearing resistance of material

(b) A decrease in the shearing stresses at unaltered shearing resistance of material

(c) There is no change in the existing condition

(d) None of these

(ix) The strength of the foundation rocks can be improved by:

(a) Grouting

(b) Rock bolting

(c) Cable anchorage

(d) All of the above

(x) The stepped footing is a type of spread foundation. (True/False)

(xi) Reservoir filling increases the frequency of earthquake shocks. (True/False)

(xii) If any loose material is piled up, it has a natural slope of about:

(a) 15°
(b) 25°

(c) 34°

(d) 50°

(xiii) Which of the following conditions is/are most safe for road cutting along the sedimentary
strata.

(a) Cutting parallel to dip

(b) Cutting parallel to strike

(c) Cutting inclined to dip and strike

(d) None of these

(xiv) Which of the following engineering properties is one of the important property to be tested
for rocks used as site of construction for foundation purposes:

(a) Uniaxial compressive strength

(b) Crushing strength

(c) Transverse strength

(d) Abrasive resistance

(xv) The sedimentary rocks have the greatest load bearing capacity when forces act …………. to
bedding plane (parallel/perpendicular)

Section – B

2. Write short notes on any three of the following:

(a) Tensile strength

(b) Reservoir Induced seismicity

(c) Spread Footing

(d) Creep

3. Write detailed notes on any one of the following:

(a) Problem of piping in reservoir areas

(b) Grouting
4. Write explanatory notes on any two of the following:

(a) Ground subsidence

(b) Building Foundations

(c) Engineering properties of rocks and soils

5. Write short notes on any three of the following:

(a) Seepage and uplift pressure

(b) Landslides and their types

(c) Roll of Geology in major engineering projects

(d) Erosion and sedimentation in dam reservoirs

Section – C

6. What do you understand by slope instability? Give an account of various manifestations of an


unstable slope and describe various methods of stabilizing unstable slope.

7. Illustrate with the help of suitable sketches, influence of rock structure on the location and
alignment of tunnels.

8. Describe types of bridges and causes of their failure.

9. Give a brief account of geological considerations for selecting a dam site.

M.Sc. (Fourth Semester)

EXAMINATION, 2015

GEOLOGY

Paper First

(Engineering Geology)

Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 75

Note: (i) All questions carry equal marks.

(ii) Question No. 1 is compulsory.


(iii) Attempt four questions, selecting two questions from each Section B and Section C.

(iv) Answer the questions in the order as far as possible.

Section- A

1. Choose the correct answer out of given options: 1 each

(i) Which of the statements is false?

(a) Mass movement occurs when the force of gravity exceeds the strength of the slope materials.

(b) Mass movement can be triggered by earthquakes and floods

(c) Materials can move down a slope slowly

(d) Mass movements require wind to trigger

(ii) The drainage structure provided to pass the nature stream under the canal without changing
its original bed is known as:

(a) Aqueduct

(b) Viaduct

(c) Cause way

(d) Ventway

(iii) The projection provided on a pier on its downstream side is known as:

(a) Cut water

(b) Ease water

(c) Offset water

(d) None of these

(iv) The method which involves the injection of suitable material into the broken and fractured
rock is called:

(a) Backfilling

(b) Grouting

(c) Lining

(d) None of these


(v) Abutment is:

(a) Upstream side of a dam

(b) Downstream side of a dam

(c) The sides of the valley on which the dam structure rests

(d) Openings for discharge

(vi) Quarrying of stones is the process of:

(a) Breaking it from its natural outcrop

(b) Giving a suitable shape and size to the stone

(c) Applying a coat of a chemical to save it from deterioration

(d) None of these

(vii) Which of the following conditions is/are most safe for slope cutting through the sedimentary
strata:

(a) Cutting parallel to dip

(b) Cutting parallel to strike

(c) Cutting oblique to dip and strike

(d) None of these

(viii) If any loose material is piled up, it has a natural slope of about:

(a) 15°

(b) 25°

(c) 35°

(d) 50 °

(ix) When the reservoir is full, the maximum compressive force in a gravity dam is produced:

(a) At the toe

(b) At the heal

(c) At the centre of base


(d) With the middle third of base

(x) Which of the following engineering properties is one of the important property to be tested
for rock at site of construction for foundation purposes?

(a) Uniaxial compressive strength

(b) Crushing strength

(c) Transverse strength

(d) Abrasive resistence

(xi The best condition(s) for construction of a bridge is/are that:

(a) It should be located in a straight reach of a river

(b) It should be located at the small river width

(c) It should be located between two successive bands of a meandering river

(d) All of the above

(xii) External causes of slope failures are those which produce:

(a) An increase in the shearing stresses at unaltered shearing resistance of the material

(b) A decrease in the shearing stresses at unaltered shearing resistance of the material

(c) There is no change in the existing condition

(d) None of these

(xiii) The strength of foundation rocks can be improved by:

(a) Grouting

(b) Rock bolting

(c) Cable anchorage

(d) All of these

(xiv) Which situation for construction of a tunnel is more safe?

(a) Tunnel along the axis of an anticline

(b) Tunnel across the axis of an anticline


(c) Tunnel along the axis of a syncline

(d) Tunnel across the axis of a syncline

(xv) Force(s) acting on a dam is/are due to:

(a) Water thrust

(b) Uplift pressure

(c) Wind pressure

(d) All of these

Section – B

2. Write explanatory notes on any two of the following: 7 ½ each

(a) Compressive strength and shear strength of rocks

(b) Rock bolting

(c) Role of Engineering geology in major engineering projects

3. Write short notes on any three of the following: 5 each

(a) Porosity and permeability

(b) Spread footings of building foundation

(c) Arch dam

(d) Causes of landslides

(e) Tunnels along the faulted zones

4. Write explanatory notes on any two of the following: 7 ½ each

(a) Ground subsidence

(b) Geological problems related to alignment of tunnels in the hills

(c) Gravity dam

5. Write explanatory notes on any two of the following: 7 ½ each

(a) Reservoir problems

(b) Treatment of weak zones of dam foundation


(c) Reservoir induced seismicity

Section – C

6. Describe various types of foundations of buildings. 15

7. Describe various methods of stabilizing an unstable slope. 15

8. Discuss the salient features of geological conditions of reservoir area of a dam which should
be investigated for a dam site. 15

9. Describe various methods of Grouting. 15

4642

M.Sc. (Fourth Semester)

Examination, 2013

Geology

Paper First

(Engineering Geology)

[Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 75]

Note: (i) All questions carry equal marks.

(ii) Question No.1 is compulsory.

(iii) Attempt four questions selecting two questions each from Section-B and Section-C.

(iv) Answer the questions in order as far as possible.

Section – A

1. (i) The ability of soil to support the load of the structure without yielding is known as:

(a) Bearing value of soil


(b) Bearing power of soil

(c) Bearing capacity of soil

(d) All of the above.

(ii) A wall built to resist the pressure of earth filling is known as:

(a) Breast Wall

(b) Retaining Wall

(c) Parapet Wall

(d) Buttress

(iii) The centre to centre distance between any two adjacent supports of a bridge is called as:

(a) Total span

(b) Span

(c) Economic span

(d) Clear span

(iv) The end support of a bridge superstructure is termed as …………………

(v) The wall constructed on both sides of abutment to retain the earth banks of the river or of the
bridge approaches are called wing walls. (True/ False)

(vi) If any loose material is piled up, it has a natural slope of about:

(a) 15°

(b) 25°

(c) 35°

(d) 50°

(vii) Rock bolting is used to prevent rock blocks from falling away from the main rock mass.
(True/False)

(viii) When the compressive strength is tested by a method without providing a lateral support
termed as:

(a) Uniaxial compressive strength


(b) Biaxial compressive strength

(c) Triaxial compressive strength

(d) None of the above

(ix) When blocks of rocks of varying sizes suddenly fall downward from cliffs along the steep
slopes, it is called:

(a) Rock slide

(b) Rock falls

(c) Rapid falls

(d) Subsidence

(x) Granites are the most commonly used building stones of all igneous rocks because of which
of the following properties:

(a) High crushing strength

(b) Low absorption value

(c) Interlocking textures

(d) All of the above

(xi) The weight of the building is the ……………. load and the weight of the load applied to it is
the ………….. load.

(xii) Landslides are the downward and outward movement of slope material. (Ture/False)

(xiii) The projection provided on a pier on its downstream side is known as ease water.
(True/False)

(xiv) Which of the following factors generally has most important role responsible for landslide
occurrence?

(a) Effect of lithology

(b) Effect of water

(c) Effect of associated structure

(d) None of the above


(xv) Piping refers removal of sediments from springs by seepage force so forming sub surface
cavities and tunnels. (True/False)

Section – B

2. Write short notes on any three of the following:

(a) Ground subsidence

(b) Rock bolting

(c) Uplift pressure

(d) Causes of hill slope instability

3. Write detailed notes on any one of the following:

(a) Types of bridges

(b) Uniaxial compressive strength and shear strength

4. Write explanatory notes on any one of the following:

(a) Reservoir Induced Seismicity

(b) Landslide and their types

(c) Role of Geology in major engineering projects.

5. Write explanatory notes on any one of the following:

(a) Geological considerations for selecting a tunnel site in the hills

(b) Causes of bridge failure

Section – C

6. Discuss the salient features of geological conditions of reservoir of a dam which should be
investigated for a dam.

7. Discuss various types of foundation of buildings.

8. Describe in brief the types of Grouting.

9. Describe problem of piping in reservoir area.

4642
M.Sc. (Fourth Semester)

Examination, 2017

Geology

Paper First

(Engineering Geology)

[Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 55]

Note: (i) Question No. 1 is compulsory.

(ii) Attempt all the five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1. (A) Choose the correct answer out of given options: 15

(i) If any loose material is piled up, it has a natural slope of about:

(a) 15°

(b) 25°

(c) 35°

(d) 50°

(ii) When blocks of rocks of varying sizes suddenly crashing downwards from cliff along the
steep slopes, it is called:

(a) Rock slides

(b) Rock falls

(c) Rapid flows

(d) Subsidence due to collapse

(iii) Rock bolting is very common in:

(a) Mining

(b) Tunnel

(c) Both mining and tunnel

(d) Reservoir construction


(iv) Grouting material may be:

(a) Cement

(b) Chemical

(c) Bituminous

(d) All of the above

(v) The factor’s which govern the stability of a bridge is/are:

(a) Lateral force

(b) Earthquake force

(c) Scouring action of river water

(d) All of the above

(B) Fill in the blanks using correct word:

(vi) The obstruction across the river required to raise its water level and divert the water into the
canal is called ………….. .

(vii) In the packer of grouting, the grouting is started from …………. of the hole.

(C) Mark the statements as ‘True’ or ‘False’:

(viii) Mass movement occurs when the force of gravity exceeds the strength of the slope
materials. (True/False)

(ix) Reservoir filling affects earthquakes in terms of volume of water impounded in the reservoir
behind a dam. (True/False)

(x) The distance between two piers of bridge is termed as span. (True/ False)

2. Describe the important engineering properties of rocks. 10

Or

Describe the role of geology in major engineering projects.

3. Describe various types of foundation of buildings. 10

Or

Write detailed notes on any two of the following:


(a) Spread footings

(b) Causes of bridge failure

(c) Geological considerations of selecting sites for tunnels

4. Discuss the salient features of geological conditions of reservoir area of a dam, which should
be investigated for a dam site. 10

Or

Describe any two of the following:

(a) Types of grouting

(b) Rock bolting

(c) Problem of piping in reservoir areas

5. Give a general account of stability condition, under which a particular parts of slope is likely
to suffer a failure.

Or

Write explanatory notes on any two of the following:

(a) Creep of the slope forming material

(b) Types of landslides

(c) Causes and preventive measures of hill slope instability.

4645

M.Sc. (Fourth Semester)

Examination, 2017

Geology

Paper Fourth (b)

(Palaeoclimatology)

[Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 55]


Note: Answers to all questions are compulsory.

1. (A) Choose the correct options, fill in the blanks or mark false and true. Each question
carries 1 mark.

(i) Which of the following hominid is nearest to Homo sapiens sapiens?

(a) Homo habilis

(b) Australopithecus afarensis

(c) Homo erectus

(d) Pithecanthropus erectus

(ii) In vertical distribution of ocean deposit, which is the correct sequence (from oceanic surface
to bottom) of the following deposits?

(1) Calcareous oozes

(2) Siliceous oozes

(3) Terrigenous deposits

(4) Red clay

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2, 3, 4

(b) 3, 1, 2, 4

(c) 3, 2, 1, 4

(d) 4, 3, 2, 1

(iii) Sunspots are regions of:

(a) High pressure

(b) Low magnetic field

(c) High magnetic field

(d) High temperature

(iv) The angle between geomagnetic north and the present geographic north is:

(a) 7.5°
(b) 10.5°

(c) 11.5°

(d) 23.5°

(v) Landforms formed along river banks due to rejuvenation of terrain are:

(a) Delta

(b) Terraces

(c) Point bars

(d) Alluvial fans

(v) According to geological time scale, the Quaternary period started from:

(a) 1.8 Ma

(b) 2.6 Ma

(c) 3.2 Ma

(d) 5.2 Ma

(vii) Where on the earth would be the geographic winds close to the actual?

(a) Tropics

(b) Equator

(c) Extra-tropics

(d) Marginal Sea

(viii) The CO2 Concentration before industrial period was:

(a) 600 ppm

(b) 300 ppm

(c) 500 ppm

(d) 400 ppm

(ix) The varved sediments are characteristic features of which environment?

(a) River deposits


(b) Glacial lake deposition

(c) Tidal flat environment

(d) Aeolian deposition

(x) Which of the following periods has largest time span?

(a) Cretaceous

(b) Triassic

(c) Permian

(d) Palaeogene

(xi) Pollen grains are …………. reproductive bodies in seed plants.

(xii) The …………. Fossil/fossils are useful to determine biozones.

(xiii) Speleothems are found in ………….. topography.

(xiv) Younger Dryas and Older Dryas are wetter periods. (True/ False)

(xv) Biotite is paramagnetic mineral. ( True/ False)

2. Describe Quaternary climate in general and glacial-interglacial cycles in particular. 10

Or

Write short notes on any four of the following: 2 ½ each

(a) Magnetostratigraphy

(b) Biostartigraphy

(c) Little ice age

(d) Marine isotopes stages

(e) Normal and reverse polarity

3. Give detailed description of proxy indicators to decipher the palaeoclimatic changes with
special emphasis on the Quaternary climate. 10

Or

Write detailed notes on any two of the following: 5each


(a) Factors of sea level change

(b) Responses of geomorphic landscape to tectonics during Quaternary

(c) Role of Himalaya in present day monsoon

4. Describe the various dating methods in the Quaternary.

Or

Write short notes on any four of the following: 2 ½ each

(a) Lake sediments

(b) Radiometric half life

(c) Heinrich and Dansgard-Oeschger events

(d) Pleistocene glaciations and its chronology

(e) Ocean sediments and their significance in palaeoclimatic study.

5. Describe globally synchronous records from LGM onwards. 10

Or

Describe briefly any two of the following: 5each

(a) Quaternary geomorphic processes

(b) Evolution of man

(c) Tectonics climate and resultant disasters in the Himalaya.

4642

M.Sc. (Fourth Semester)

Examination, 2017

Geology

Paper Second

(Tectonic Geomorphology)

[Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 75]


Note: (i) Question No. 1 is compulsory.

(ii) Attempt all the five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1. (A) Choose the correct option. 1each

(i) Progressive, unidirectional, lateral shifting of the river channel indicates:

(a) Base level fluctuations

(b) Climate induced avulsions

(c) Active tectonic tilting

(d) Any of the above

(ii) Landscape is a system, who’s ………… are represented by the landforms.

(a) Elements

(b) Processes

(c) Responses

(d) Driving forces

(iii) Active crystal deformations are results of …………..

(a) Active tectonic movements

(b) Isostatic adjustments

(c) Climatic fluctuations

(d) All of the above

(iv) Which of the following geomorphic indices is computed to identify and measure the tilting
of a drainage basin?

(a) Hypsometric integral

(b) Transverse topography symmetry factor

(c) Basin elongation ratio

(d) Stream-length gradient index

(v) …………….. is a satellite remote sensing based geodetic technique.


(a) Radar interferometry

(b) Very long baseline interferometry

(c) Both of the above

(d) None of the above

(vi) Peneplanation indicates the ……………. Stage of landscape evolution.

(a) Youthful

(b) Mature

(c) Old

(d) Any of the above

(B) State whether the following statements are ‘True’ or ‘False’:

(i) Sinusoidal shape of the hypsometric curve indicates youthful stage of landscape evolution.
(True/False)

(ii) Extrinsic variable/ factor can bring sudden modifications/changes in a landscape. (True/
False)

(iii) An alluvial fan progrades if the water and sediment supply from the catchment/ source
increases. (True/False)

(iv) Paired terraces are always a result of climate driven base-level lowering.
(True/False)

(v) Human interventions affect landscape evolution as these are a set of extrinsic variables.
(True/False)

2. Explain in detail the concept of ‘cycle of erosion and landscape evolution’ as proposed by
William Morris, Davis and also known as the ‘Davisson concept’. 11

Or

Write short notes on any two of the following: 5 ½ each

(a) Definition and scope of tectonic geomorphology

(b) Dynamic equilibrium of landscape

(c) Form-Process relationship


3. Write short notes on any two of the following: 5 ½ each

(a) Geomorphic markers

(b) Longitudinal river profile

(c) Rectangular drainage pattern

Or

Write short on any two of the following: 5 ½ each

(a) Marine terraces

(b) Drainage anomalies

(d) Landforms of normal faults

4. What are geomorphic indices and what purpose these are computes for? With the help of neat
sketches describe the stream-length gradient index. 11

Or

Write short notes on any two of the following: 5 ½ each

(a) Morphometric analysis

(b) Hypsometric curve

(c) Drainage basin symmetry factor

5. Write a detailed note on the ‘Global Positioning System (GPS)’. 11

Or

What is meant by Radar Interferometry? Explain how it is useful in tectonic geomorphological


investigations.

M.Sc. (Geology) IV Semester

Internal Assessment 2017

Tectonic Geomorphology (GLG-402)

Time: 1 hour MM: 20

Note: All the questions are compulsory.


1. Choose the correct options:

I. Which of the following is a characteristic element of the youthful stage of landscape


evolution?

(a) Gullies (b) Braided stream

(c) Meandering stream (d) Anastomosing stream

II. Which of the following sequence of landforms exemplifies the state of ‘dynamic equilibrium’
of a landscape?

(a) Alluvial fans - Bajada (b) Mesa – Pediment

(c) Both of the above (d) None of the above

III. Which of the following landforms is a geomorphic marker of active faulting?

(a) Shatter Ridge (b) Mesa

(c) Inselberg (d) Cuesta

IV. ‘Knick Points’ along river profiles develop due to ___________

(a) Lithological variations (b) active tectonic movements

(c) Either of the above (d) None of the above

V. River channel avulsions can be caused by ______________

(a) Tectonic rejuvenation of the source area

(b) Increased rainfall in the source area

(c) Either of the above

(d) None of the above

VI. Which of the following is the characteristic geomorphic marker to identify strike-slip
faulting?

(a) Triangular fault facets (b) Offset stream

(c) Lacustrine terraces (d) Paired river terraces

VII. Which of the following serves as the best geomorphic marker to identify active tectonic
deformation at regional scale?

(a) Alluvial fan (b) Delta


(c) River terraces (d) Marine terraces

VIII. Development of wide river terraces only along one bank of a river indicates migration of
the channel due to _________.

(a) active tectonic forcing (b) climatic forcing

(c) either of the above (d) none of the above

2. State whether the following statements are ‘True’ or ‘False’.

I. Evolution of landscape is a continuous process and cannot be stopped.

II. Waterfalls are unquestionable geomorphic markers of active tectonics.

III. Within a drainage basin, the highest order stream is always the trunk stream.

IV. Multiple river terraces can form as a result one single tectonic event.

V. Climatic is an intrinsic variable of triggering geomorphic threshold.

VI. Short lived geomorphic markers could effectively be used to identify and gauge coseismic
deformations.

VII. Base level lowering leads to an increase in undercutting by streams and thus formation of
gorges.

VIII. River terraces could form in response to either the active tectonics deformations or climatic
fluctuations.

3. Internal assessment including attendance and class performance.

M.Sc. (III Semester)

EXAMINATION, 2011-12

GEOLOGY

Paper IV

(Mineral Exploration and Beneficiation)

Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 75

Note: (i) All questions carry equal marks.


(ii) Question No. 1 is compulsory.

(iii) Attempt four questions, selecting two questions from each Section B and Section C.

(iv) Answer the questions in the order as far as possible.

Section- A

1. Write correct answer in each of the following questions out of the given alternatives.
1½×10=15

(i) Which one of the following pinkish – black colored minerals is indicator of the deposit?

(a) Arsenic

(b) Boron

(c) Cobalt

(d) Uranium

(ii) Which one of the following represents a trench?

(a) Linear excavation

(b) Linear excavation having one dimension larger than the other

(c) Dug-cum-bore hole

(d) Wedge shaped bore hole

(iii) Diamond drilling carried out to bore hole in _________ direction.

(a) Horizontal

(b) Vertical

(c) Horizontal and Vertical

(d) Horizontal, vertical and inclined

(iv) Which one of the following survey is conducted for the exploration of oil and gas?

(a) Gravity

(b) Magnetic

(c) Seismic refraction


(d) Seismic reflection

(v) Path finder in the Uranium deposit of the sandstone type is _______

(a) As

(b) Cu

(c) Se

(d) Zn

(vi) In the resistivity sounding method the position of ____________.

(a) The electrodes is fixed while the central point is changed.

(b) The electrode is changed with respect to a fixed central point

(c) All the electrodes are changed simultaneously

(d) None of the above

(vii) The halophyte plants are indicator of the presence of _______

(a) Hydrocarbon

(b) Non-metallicores

(c) Saline deposit

(d) Water

(viii) The communition is a process that involves ____________

(a) Concentration of valuables

(b) Liberation of valuable minerals from gauge

(c) Size reduction

(d) Sorting of particles

(ix) The most common method of chrome ore beneficiation is known as ______________

(a) Heavy media separation

(b) Jigging

(c) Spiraling
(d) Tabling

(x) Minerals in which a country has total in adequacy and depends upon the foreign resources for
its needs are called as ____________

(a) Critical minerals

(b) Essential minerals

(c) Heavy minerals

(d) Strategic minerals

Section – B

2. Explain any two of the following: 15 ×2=30

(a) Concept of Exploration

(b) Pitting and Trenching

(c) Concept of geophysical Exploration

3. Write short notes on any two of the following:

(a) Airborne Geophysical Survey

(b) Geochemical Mobility of Elements

(c) Geobotanical methods of exploration

4. Explain any two of the following:

(a) Mineral Beneficiation

(b) Floatation Method of mineral beneficiation

(c) Geobotanical methods of exploration

5. Describe in brief any two of the following:

(a) Mineral Economics

(b) Mineral Conservation and Substitution

(c) Recycling of used materials

Section – C 15×2=30
6. Describe various criteria and guides to prospecting of minerals.

7. Give an account of electrical method of the geophysical prospecting.

8. Describe the estimation of grade and reserves of ore deposits

9. Discuss the policy employed for strategic, critical and essential minerals in India.

M.Sc. (Semester)

EXAMINATION,

GEOLOGY

Paper

(Mineral Exploration and Beneficiation)

Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 75

Note: (i) All questions carry equal marks.

(ii) Question No. 1 is compulsory.

(iii) Attempt four questions, selecting two questions from each Section B and Section C.

(iv) Answer the questions in the order as far as possible.

Section- A

1. Choose the correct answer out of the given options: 1 ½ each

(i) In the resistivity sounding method the position of ____________.

(a) The electrodes is fixed while the central point is changed.

(b) The electrode is changed with respect to a fixed central point

(c) All the electrodes are changed simultaneously

(d) None of the above

(ii) Minerals in which a country has total in adequacy and depends upon the foreign resources
for its needs are called as ____________

(a) Critical minerals


(b) Essential minerals

(c) Heavy minerals

(d) Strategic minerals

(iii) The communition is a process that involves ____________

(a) Concentration of valuables

(b) Liberation of valuable minerals from gauge

(c) Size reduction

(d) Sorting of particles

(iv) Match the following:

Deposits Pathfinders

1. Copper (i) Arsenic

2. Gold (ii) Mercury

3. Silver (iii) Molybdeum

4. Lead-zinc (iv) Antimony

(a) 1-ii, 2-iii, 3-iv, 4-i

(b) 1-iii, 2-I, 3-iv, 4-ii

(c) 1-I, 2-ii, 3-iii, 4-iv

(d) 1-iii, 2-iv, 3-I, 4-ii

(v) Biogeochemical method of exploration includes:

(a) Chemical analysis of elements in vegetation

(b) Chemical analysis of underlying soils

(c) Chemical analysis of elements in vegetation and its underlying soils

(d) Analysis of biological characters of soil

(vi) Geobotanical surveys are carried out by:

(a) Mapping the distribution of indicator plant species


(b) Identifying plant disease symptoms diagnostic of high metal bearing soils

(c) Determining the trace-elements content of selected plant material on a grid over an area

(d) All of the above

(vii) ‘Jigging’ is one of the methods employed for:

(a) Magnetic separation

(b) Gravity separation

(c) Floatation

(d) None of these

(viii) Sampling is done:

(a) Parallel to the strike of the ore body

(b) Across the strike of the ore body

(c) Diagonal to the strike of the ore body

(d) In any possible direction

(ix) The amount of a particular element present in the parent rock not affected by dispersion or
migration is known as:

(a) Anomaly

(b) Threshold

(c) Background value

(d) None of these

(x) Best frothers are:

(a) Metallic substances

(b) Inorganic substances

(c) Mixtures of pure water and air

(d) Organic subatances

Section – B
2. Discuss any three of the following: 5 each

(a) Biogeochemical and geo-botanical surveys

(b) Rotary and reverse rotary drilling

(c) Wenner and Schlumberger configuration

(d) Bouguer anomaly and free-air anomaly

3. Write short notes on any three of the following: 5 each

(a) Bore hole deviation

(b) Gamma-ray logging

(c) Geiger-Muller counter

(d) International Gravity formula

4. Write short notes on any two of the following: 7 ½ each

(a) Pathfinder elements

(b) Primary and secondary minerals

(c) Cut-off and threshold values

5. Write short notes on any three of the following: 5 each

(a) Proved and probable grades of ore

(b) Liberation concentration

(c) Essential, strategic and critical minerals

(d) Primary holes

Section – C

6. Outline various principles involved in the mineral beneficiation. Comment upon froth
floatation method used in sulphide ore beneficiation process. 15

7. What do you understand by sampling? Discuss the sampling methods used in prospecting. 15

8. What do you understand by major and minor minerals? Discuss important rules and
regulations related to mineral laws in India. Comment upon new national mineral policy. 15

9. Describe the principle of geochemical prospecting. 15


4643

M.Sc. (Fourth Semester)

Examination, 2017

Geology

Paper Third

(Mineral Exploration and Mineral Economics)

[Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 75]

Note: (i) Question No. 1 is compulsory.

(ii) Attempt all the five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

(iii) Answer the questions in order as far as possible.

1. Choose the correct answer: 1 ½ each

(i) The plant Amorpha Canenacences is a good indicator of the possible occurrence of:

(a) Lead

(b) Zinc

(c) Copper

(d) Uranium

(ii) The base metals like copper, lead and zinc can be successfully located by:

(a) Air borne electromagnetic method

(b) Magnetic method

(c) Seismic method

(d) None of the above

(iii) Seismic method is widely used for prospecting of:

(a) Base metals

(b) Magnetic minerals


(c) Radioactive minerals

(d) Petroleum and groundwater

(iv) Random collection of broken chips from the exposed surface of an outcrop is called:

(a) Grab sampling

(b) Bulk sampling

(c) Chemical sampling

(d) None of the above

(v) The oily grey or blue quartz veins are of special value in searching of:

(a) Nickel

(b) Zinc

(c) Gold

(d) Lead

(vi) The grade which is available in a property after actual mining is termed as:

(a) Computed

(b) Pit-Head grade

(c) Effective grade

(d) Mill grade

(vii) A mineral in which a country has more or less negligible resources available sources is
termed as:

(a) Critical

(b) Essential

(c) Strategic

(d) All of the above

(viii) The deposits that do not have outcrop anywhere are classified as:

(a) Buried
(b) Blind

(c) Concealed

(d) All of the above

(ix) The metallic mineral which is known as a good conductor of electricity is:

(a) Wallostonite

(b) Chromite

(c) Braunite

(d) Galena

(x) An area of ancient oceanic crust with ultrabasic rocks may have:

(a) Rich uranium and thorium deposits

(b) Quartz veins rich in gold

(c) Deposit of chromite

(d) Hydrothermal Pb-Zn deposits replacing limestone

2. What do you mean by prospecting and exploration? Describe method of geological


prospecting. 10

Or

Giving suitable examples and labeled diagrams differentiate between open cast and underground
mining.

3. Why we do Drilling? Describe different methods of Drilling. 10

Or

Describe the method of estimation of grade and reserve of ore deposits.

4. Giving suitable examples describe the principle of mineral beneficiation. 10

Or

Write notes on any two of the following:

(i) Communication classification

(ii) Electromagnetic and magnetic separation


(iii) Liberation and Concentration

5. Why do we need a mineral policy? Describe the National Mineral Policy of India. 10

Or

Describe the marine mineral resources and Law of Sea.