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MUSCLES

OF THE ANTERIOR FASCIAL COMPARTMENT OF THE THIGH


ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Sartorius Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS) Upper medial surface of the tibial shaft Femoral Nerve L2 L3 Flexes thigh at hip joint,
Abducts thigh at hip joint,
laterally rotates thigh at hip joint
flexes and medially rotates leg at knee joint
Pectineus Superior ramus of pubis Upper end of linea aspera of Femur shaft Femoral Nerve L2 L3 Flexes and adducts thigh at hip joint
Iliacus Iliac fossa of hip bone Lesser trochanter of Femur Femoral Nerve L2 L3 Flexes thigh on trunk
If thigh is fixed, it flexes the trunk on the
thigh as in sitting up from lying down
Psoas Transverse processes, bodies, and Lesser trochanter of Femur Femoral Nerve L1 L2 L3 Flexes thigh on trunk
Intervertebral discs of T12-L5 If thigh is fixed, it flexes the trunk on the
thigh as in sitting up from lying down
Quadriceps Femoris
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Rectus Femoris Straight head: ASIS Quadriceps Tendon into the patella via Femoral Nerve L2 L3 L4 Extension of leg at knee jojnt
Reflected Head: Ilium above acetabulum patellar ligament into tubercle of the tibia Flexes thig hip joint
Vastus Lateralis Upper end and shaft of femur Quadriceps Tendon into the patella via Femoral Nerve L2 L3 L4 Extension of leg at knee jojnt
patellar ligament into tubercle of the tibia
Vastus medialis Upper end and shaft of femur Quadriceps Tendon into the patella via Femoral Nerve L2 L3 L4 Extension of leg at knee jojnt
patellar ligament into tubercle of the tibia Stabilizes patella
Vastus intermedius Anterior and lateral surfaces of shaft of Quadriceps Tendon into the patella via Femoral Nerve L2 L3 L4 Extension of leg at knee joint
femur patellar ligament into tubercle of the tibia Artiularis genus retracts synovial joint
MUSCLES OF THE MEDIAL FASCIAL COMPARTMENT OF THE THIGH
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Gracilis Inferior ramus of pubis Upper part of shaft of tibia on medial Obturator Nerve L2 L3 Adducts thigh at hip joint
Ramus of ischium surface Flexes leg at knee joint
Adductor longus Body of pubis Posterior surface of shaft of femur Obturator Nerve L2 L3 L4 Adducts thigh at hip joint
Medial to pubic tubercle (linea aspera) Assists in lateral rotation
Adductor brevis Inferior ramus of pubis Posterior surface of shaft of femur Obturator Nerve L2 L3 L4 Adducts thigh at hip joint
(linea aspera) Assists in lateral rotation
Adductor Magnus Inferior ramus of pubis Posterior surface of shaft of femur Adductor portion: obturator Adducts thigh at hip joint
(dual innervation) Ramus of ischium Adductor tubercle of femur nerve Assists in lateral rotation
Ischial tuberosity Hamstring portion: sciatic nerve Hamstring portion extends thigh at hip joint
L2 L3 L4
Obturator externus Outer surface of obturator membrane and Medial surface of greater trochanter Obturator Nerve L3 L4 Laterally rotates thigh at hip joint
pubic and ischial rami



MUSCLES OF THE GLUTEAL REGION
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Tensor fascia latae Iliac crest Iliotibial tract Superior gluteal nerve L4 L5 Assists gluteus maximus in knee extension
Piriformis Anterior surface of the sacrum Upper border of greater trochanter of femur 1st and 2nd Sacral Nerve L5 S1 Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint
S2
Gluteus maximus Outer surface of ilium, sacrum, coccyx, Iliotibial tract Inferior gluteal nerve L5 S1 S2 Extends and laterally rotates hip joint
sacrotuberous ligament Gluteal tuberosity of femur Extends knee joint via iliotibial tract
Gluteus medius Outer surface of ilium Lateral surface of greater trochanter of Superior gluteal nerve L5 S1 Abducts thigh at hip joint
femur Tilts pelvis when walking
Gluteus minimus Outer surface of ilium Anterior surface of greater trochanter of Superior gluteal nerve L5 S1 Abducts thigh at hip joint
femur Tilts pelvis when walking
Obturator internus Inner surface of obturator membrane Upper border of greater trochanter of femur Sacral Plexus L5 S1 Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint
Superior Gemellus Spine of Ischium Upper border of greater trochanter of femur Sacral Plexus L5 S1 Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint
Inferior Gemellus Ischial tuberosity Upper border of greater trochanter of femur Sacral Plexus L5 S1 Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint
Quadratus Femoris Lateral border of ischial tuberosity Quadrate tubercle of femur Sacral Plexus L5 S1 Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint
MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR FASCIAL COMPARTMENT OF THE THIGH
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Biceps Femoris Short Head Linea Aspera, lateral supracondylar ridge of Common Peroneal Branch of Flexes and laterally rotates leg at knee joint;
femur Head of the fibula Sciatic Nerve long head also extends thigh at hip joint
Biceps Femoris Long Head Ischial tuberosity Tibal Branch of Sciatic Nerve
L5 S1 S2
Semitendinosus Ischial tuberosity Upper part of medial surface of shaft of tibia Tibial portion of sciatic nerve Flexes and medially rotates leg at knee joint
L5 S1 S2 Extends thigh at hip joint
Semimembranosus Ischial tuberosity Medial condyle of tibia Tibial portion of sciatic nerve Flexes and medially rotates leg at knee joint
L5 S1 S2 Extends thigh at hip joint
Adductor Magnus Ischial tuberosity Adductor tubercle of femur Tibial portion of sciatic nerve Extends thigh at hip joint
(Hamstring portion) L2 L3 L4

MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR FASCIAL COMPARTMENT OF THE LEG
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Tibialis Anterior Lateral surface of tibia shaft Medial cuneiform and base of 1st metatarsal Deep peroneal nerve Extends foot at ankle joint
Interosseous membrane bone L4 L5 Inverts foot at subtalar and transverse tarsal joints
Holds up medial longitudinal arch of the foot
Extensor digitorum longus Anterior surface of shaft of fibula Extensor expansion of lateral 4 toes Deep peroneal nerve Extends toes
L5 S1 Extends foot at ankle joint
Peroneus Tertius Anterior surface of shaft of fibula Base of 5th metatarsal bone Deep peroneal nerve Extends foot at ankle joint
L5 S1 Everts foot at subtalar and transverse tarsal joints
Extensor Hallucis Longus Anterior surface of shaft of fibula Base of distal phalanx of great toe Deep peroneal nerve Extends big toe
L5 S1 Extends foot at ankle joint
Inverts foot at subtalar and transverse tarsal joints
Extensor digitorum brevis Calcaneum By 4 tendons into proximal phalanx of big toe Deep peroneal nerve Extends toes
and long extensor tendons to second, third, S1 S2
fourth toes


MUSCLES OF THE LATERAL FASCIAL COMPARTMENT OF THE LEG
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Peroneus Longus Lateral surface of shaft of fibula Base of 1st metatarsal Superficial Peroneal Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
Medial cuneiform Nerve Everts foot at subtalar and transverse tarsal joints
L5 S1 S2 Supports longitudinal and transverse arch of the foot
Peroneus Brevis Lateral surface of shaft of fibula Base of 5th metatarsal bone Superficial peroneal Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
nerve Everts foot at subtalar and transverse tarsal joints
L5 S1 S2 Supports longitudinal arch of the foot

MUSCLES OF THE FIRST LAYER OF THE SOLE OF THE FOOT
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Abductor Hallucis Medial tuberosity of calcaneum Base of proximal phalanx of big toe Medial plantar nerve Flexes and abducts big toe
Flexor retinauculum S2 S3 Braces medial longitudinal arch
Flexor digitorum brevis Medial tubercle of calcaneum Four tendons to four lateral toes – inserted Medial plantar nerve Flexes lateral four toes
into borders of middle phalanx; tendons S2 S3 Braces medial and lateral longitudinal arch
perforated by those of flexor digitorum longus
Abductor digiti minimi Medial and lateral tubercles of Base of proximal phalanx of big toe Lateral plantar nerve Flexes and abducts 5th toe
calcaneum S2 S3 Braces lateral longitudinal arch

MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR FASCIAL COMPARTMENT OF THE LEG
SUPERFICIAL GROUP
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Plantaris Lateral Supracondylar Ridge of Femur Posterior surface of calcaneum Tibial Nerve Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
S1 S2 Flexes knee joint
Gastrocnemius Lateral Head from Lateral condyle of femur Tendo calcaneus or Achilles Tendon into Tibial Nerve Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
Medial head from medial condyle of femur posterior surface of calcaneum S1 S2 Flexes knee joint
Soleus Shafts of Tibia and Fibula Tendo calcaneus or Achilles Tendon into Tibial Nerve Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
posterior surface of calcaneum S1 S2 Flexes knee joint
*Provides main propulsive force in walking and
running
DEEP GROUP
ORIGIN INSERTION INNERVATION ACTION
Popliteus Lateral surface of lateral condyle of femur Posterior surface of tibia shaft above soleal Tibial Nerve Flexes leg at knee joint
line L4 L5 S1 Unlocks knee joint by lateral rotation
Flexor Digitorum Longus Posterior surface of tibia shaft Bases of distal phalanges of 4 lateral toes Tibial Nerve Flexes distal phalanges of lateral four toes
S2 S3 Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
Supports medial and laterallongitudinal arch of foot
Flexor Hallucis Longus Posterior surface of fibula shaft Base of distal phalanx of big toe TIbial Nerve Flexes distal phalanx of big toe
S2 S3 Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
Supports medial longitudinal arch of foot
Tibialis posterior Posterior surface of tibia and fibula shaft Tuberosity of navicular bone and other Tibial Nerve Plantar flexes foot at ankle joint
Interosseous muscle neighboring bones L4 L5 Inverts foot at subtalar and transvers tarsal joints
Supports medial longitudinal arch of foot