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Bending and Shear in Simple Beams 357 ‘The calculated change in moment between D and B (shear area DBE) cannot be calculated as the area of a spandrel, ‘because there is no zero slope anywhere along curve DE. Instead, the area must be determined by using the concept ‘of calculating the area of the spandrel ABE and subtract- ing the section ADB. area ABE (spandrel) = A = 9")(27k) = S1k-ft. total areaof ADB = 367k x (9°) = 33k-ft area (AD) = $(3.22')(367k) = BAZ Kft area (DB) = S3k-ft. — 8.12k-ft = 24.87 eft. area DBE = 81 k-ft. — 2487 k-ft. = 56.13 k-ft. Between D and B, the moment changes by My — My = S6.13k-ft. — 812K. = 48k-ft. ‘The change in moment between B and C is. equal to the tri- angular shear area: area (BC) = (3)(4°)(24k) = 48 heft. ‘The positive shear area produces a decreasing second- dogree curve. 356 f eae | Chapter 7 78 Draw the load, shear, and moment diagrams for an overhang beam with a triangular and uniform load. Solution: It is necessary to determine the distance x in the shear dia- gram where V = 0. From A to D, the shear changes from +367 k to zero. Vy — Vp = +367k 9(22 — 1) = area under the load diagram between Aand OMT pa If we study the load diagram, we find that « varies from Ato B. Therefore, w must be a function of the distance x. Using similar triangles, w_6kfit | 2 poy ers ‘The area under the load diagram between A to. D equals wn-n-()o(3)-£ V2 — Vt = @(33 — 1) = 332h. ‘The change in moment from A to Dis found by M,— My, = V(x, — 3) (area under the shear diagram) Area = (Z) = (2)e2 60% = 812k, 360 Chapter 7 Problems ‘Construct the load, shear, and moment: for the fol- ian ee ctne the caninehe 75 78 77 78