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OPCOM3103 Configuration Guide


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Contact Information
Technical Assistance Center

The Raisecom TAC is available to all customers who need technical assistance with a Raisecom
product, technology, or, solution. You can communicate with us through the following methods:

Address: Building 2, No. 28 of the Shangdi 6th Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100085

Tel: +86-10-82883305

Fax: +86-10-82883056

World Wide Web

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following URL:

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Feedback

Comments and questions about how the OPCOM3103 device works are welcomed. Please review
the FAQ in the related manual, and if your question is not covered, send email by using the following
web page:

http://www.raisecom.com/en/xcontactus/contactus.htm.

If you have comments on the OPCOM3103 specification, instead of the web page above, please send
comments to:

export@raisecom.com

We hope to hear from you!


CONTENTS
Chapter 1 System Overview -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
Chapter 2 How to Use The Command Line ------------------------------------------------------ 2
2.1 Software and hardware environment------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
2.2 Getting helps ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
2.3 How to use history command ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
2.4 How to use edit performance----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
2.5 Command line mode --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
Chapter 3 System Commands Configuration--------------------------------------------------- 4
3.1 Basic system commands and configuration ---------------------------------------------------------------------4
3.2 Management of configuring file and startup file ----------------------------------------------------------------4
3.2.1 Configure startup file ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4
3.2.2 Host file ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 4
3.2.3 Update host software from bootrom ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 4
3.2.4 Update host software in Privileged EXEC mode -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
3.3 User management -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
Chapter 4 Network Protocol Configuration-----------------------------------------------------10
4.1 Mappings from IP address to physical address -------------------------------------------------------------- 10
4.2 Configure IP address of SNMP interface----------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
4.3 Configure a static routing------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11
4.4 Configure SNMP COMMUNITY table --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12
4.5 Configure SNMP trap-server host-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13
Chapter 5 Timeslot Assignment--------------------------------------------------------------------14
Chapter 6 Protection Configuration --------------------------------------------------------------16
Chapter 7 Clock Configuration ---------------------------------------------------------------------17
7.1 Related commands -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
7.2 Configure synchronous chain network-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
7.2.1 Chain topology configuration------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
7.3 Configure ring synchronous network ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
7.3.1 Single BITS configuration ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
7.3.2 Dual BITS ring configuration ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19
7.3.3 Self-loop network of OPCOM3103 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20
Chapter 8 Network Topology ------------------------------------------------------------------------22
8.1 Overview---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22
8.2 Point-to-point topology ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22
8.3 Chain topology -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22
8.4 Ring topology---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
8.4.1 2F SNC-P ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
Chapter 9 Typical Application-----------------------------------------------------------------------24
9.1 In-band network management channel configuration------------------------------------------------------- 24
9.1.1 DCC network management channel --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 24
Appendix A Acronyms ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27
Preface

About This Manual


This manual introduces primary functions of the configuration management software for
OPCOM3103 products. This manual is applicable for configuring software of OPCOM3103.

Who Should Read This Manual


This manual is a valuable reference for sales and marketing staff, after service staff and
telecommunication network designers. For those who want to have an overview of the features,
applications, structure and specifications of OPCOM3103 devices, this is also a recommended
document.

Relevant Manuals
OPCOM3103 Commands Notebook

Organization
There are mainly 11 chapters in this guide:

Chapter 1: SYSTEM OVERVIEW

Systematically introduces function features of OPCOM3103 device.

Chapter 2: HOW TO USE COMMANDS LINE

Introduces basic method and using characteristics of using command line to configure OPCOM3103

Chapter 3: SYSTEM COMMANDS CONFIGURATION

Focus on function and configuration of system commands of OPCOM3103.

Chapter 4: NETWORK PROTOCOLS CONFIGURATION

Mainly introduces function and configuration of network protocol of OPCOM3103

Chapter 5: TIMESLOT ASSIGNMENT

Introduces configuration of timeslot assignment on OPCOM3103

Chapter 6: PROTECTION CONFIGURATION


Introduces function and configuration of protection in OPCOM3103

Chapter 7: CLOCK CONFIGURATION

Introduces clock configuration of OPCOM3103

Chapter 8: NETWORK TOPOLOGY

Introduces how to use OPCOM3103 for network topology


Chapter 9: TYPICAL APPLICATION

Some configuration applications of OPCOM3103

Compliance
The RC series products developed by Raisecom are strictly complied with the following standards as
well as ITU-T, IEEE, IETF and related standards from other international telecommunication
standard organizations:

YD/T900-1997 SDH Equipment Technical Requirements - Clock

YD/T973-1998 SDH 155Mb/s and 622Mb/s Technical conditions of optical transmitter module and
receiver module

YD/T1017-1999 Network node interface for the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)

YD/T1022-1999 Requirement of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment function

YD/T1078-2000 SDH Transmission Network Technique Requirements-Interworking of Network


Protection Architectures

YD/T1111.1-2001 Technical Requirements of SDH Optical Transmitter/Optical Receiver


Modules——2.488320 Gb/s Optical Receiver Modules

YD/T1111.2- 2001 Technical Requirements of SHD Optical Transmitter/Optical Receiver


Modules——2.488320 Gb/s Optical Transmitter Modules

YD/T1179- 2002 Technical Specification of Ethernet over SDH

G.703 Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces

G.704 Synchronous frame structures used at 1544, 6312, 2048, 8448 and 44 736 kbit/s hierarchical
levels

G.707 Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

G.774 Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) - Management information model for the network
element view

G.781 Synchronization layer functions

G.783 Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional blocks

G.784 Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) management

G.803 Architecture of transport networks based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

G.813 Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks (SEC)

G.823 The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the 2048 kbit/s
hierarchy

G.825 The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the synchronous
digital hierarchy (SDH)

G.826 End-to-end error performance parameters and objectives for international, constant bit-rate
digital paths and connections

G.828 Error performance parameters and objectives for international, constant bit-rate synchronous
digital paths
G.829 Error performance events for SDH multiplex and regenerator sections

G.831 Management capabilities of transport networks based on the synchronous digital hierarchy
(SDH)

G.841 Types and characteristics of SDH network protection architectures

G.842 Interworking of SDH network protection architectures

G.957 Optical interfaces for equipments and systems relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy

G.691 Optical interfaces for single channel STM-64 and other SDH systems with optical amplifiers

G.664 Optical safety procedures and requirements for optical transport systems

I.731 ATM Types and general characteristics of ATM equipment

I.732 ATM Functional characteristics of ATM equipment

IEEE 802.1Q Virtual Local Area Networks (LANs)

IEEE 802.1p Traffic Class Expediting and Dynamic Multicast Filtering

IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD Access Method and Physical Layer Instruction


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Chapter 1 System Overview

OPCOM3103 is a SDH Multi Service Access Device that implement SDH 155M upstream in line
side. It can be used as remote device of OPCOM3500E to connect with OPCOM3500E SDH
tributary unit. The service side provides 4 Ethernet interfaces by EOS to fulfill accessing of Ethernet
service and access 32 E1 to SDH. Expanding slot of the device can connect with
OPCOM3103-SUB2STM1 series sub-module of Raisecom to provide users flexible solutions for
service accessing. 1+1 path protection and multiplex section protection functions are available in this
device. The network maintenance and management is realized by DCC in-band network
management path of STM-1.

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Chapter 2 How to Use The Command Line

This chapter is consisted of:

— Software and hardware environment


— Getting helps
— How to use history command
— How to use edit performance
— Command line mode

This chapter mainly introduces uses of command line. When configuring OPCOM3103 system,
device SNMP address, community, DCC network management path need to be configured, other
service configurations are recommended to accomplish by EMS (Element Management System).

2.1 Software and hardware environment


Operation environment of hardware: platform of OPCOM3103

Computer serial baud rate;

Operation environment of software: WIN98/WIN2000/WINDOWS XP

2.2 Getting helps


Table 1 Help system of command line

commands Function description


help Getting a brief description from help system.
abbreviated-command-entry Obtaining a list of commands that begins with a given string
(abbreviated-command-entry).
?
For example:
OPCOM3103#en ?
english
abbreviated-command-entry<Tab> Supplementing an unfinished command.
For example:
OPCOM3103#show cpu <TAB>
OPCOM3103#show cpu-utilization-ratio
? Listing all the commands in this mode.
For example:
OPCOM3103#?
command ? Listing all the key words, options and brief help information of a
command.
OPCOM3103#show ?

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2.3 How to use history command


There are 20 history commands in the memory of the device system by default. User can configure
the number of history commands that system can save by the command line:

OPCOM3103> terminal history <0-20>

Use history to show commands that has been input.

2.4 How to use edit performance


¾ up arrow: last command
¾ down arrow: next command
¾ left arrow: move a character left
¾ right arrow: move a character right
¾ backspace: delete a character in front of the cursor
¾ Ctrl+y: show historical commands
¾ Ctrl+l: clear the screen
¾ Ctrl+u: show the using condition of the memory
¾ Ctrl+z: return to the privileged EXEC mode from different unprivileged modes

2.5 Command line mode


Mode Mode description Access Prompts
Configuring the basic information
Login the device and input
User EXEC and show the parameters etc. at Raisecom>
the user name and password.
terminal device.
Configuring the basic information
Privileged such as system time and show the Input enable command
Raisecom #
EXEC parameters but not the running under user EXEC mode.
information of OPCOM3103
Global Configuring running parameters of Input config command under
Raisecom (config)#
configuration OPCOM3103 Privileged EXEC mode.
Slot Configuring running parameters of Input slot command under Raisecom (config-slot/PATH)#
configuration OPCOM3103 slots. Global configuration mode.
PATH: slot path
Configuring parameters of Ethernet Input interface command Raisecom (config-TYPE/PATH)#
network management interface, under Global configuration TYPE: interface type, like eth, stm, e1,
Interface
SDH interface, E1 interfaces, ETH mode, slot index etc.
configuration
interfaces, SWITCH interface and configuration mode or PATH: interface index.
EOS interfaces. Remote configuration mode.

Note: Regulation for device path:


Slot Path: n means slot number; main-card slot for 0, sub-card slot for 1;

Interface Index: at CO interface for “slot path/port ID”, while remote interface for “remote
device path/port ID”.

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Chapter 3 System Commands Configuration

This chapter is consisted of:

— Basic system commands and configuration


— Management of configuring file and startup file
— User management

This chapter describes basic configuration and user management of system.

3.1 Basic system commands and configuration


chinese show help information of the command in Chinese

english show help information of the command in English

clear clear the information on the screen

list show the list of all the commands in one mode

clock set change the system time

3.2 Management of configuring file and startup file


3.2.1 Configure startup file
¾ Startup file to configure is named: startup-config.conf by default;
¾ Use the command write can write the startup file into flash file system, when reboot system
next time, the store files will be configured again;
¾ Use the command erase can delete file;
¾ Startup file named startup-config.conf can be uploaded to TFTP or FTP server by the
command upload or be downloaded to the system to replace the primary files by the
command download;
¾ Use the command show startup-config to show configuration information of startup files;
¾ Use the command show running-config to show configuration information of current
system.

3.2.2 Host file


The host file belongs to host software, the file name begins with OPCOM3103 and the current
system program file is named OPCOM3103.z;

Program file can be downloaded to host software of system by TFTP or FTP protocol;

Use the command show version to view the software version.

3.2.3 Update host software from bootrom


Two methods can be chosen to update host software from bootrom, one is to update from serial port
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by Xmodem protocol, the other one is to update from network by FTP protocol. Operations as below
steps:

1) Users who has administrator right logs in Privileged EXEC mode by serial port;

2) Input command reboot;

3) Press <Space> key to enter [raisecom] interface, show below information:


? show this list
h show this list
i modify network manage port ip address
s show network manage interface information
d delete core file
u update your system
m update microcode
r reboot system
test test the hardware

4) Input u to update system, the interface shows as below:


choose mode for updating core file.

-----------------------------------
- 1. | serial -
-----------------------------------
- 2. | network -
-----------------------------------

please input choose the mode...

5) Input i to choose serial baud rate for updating:


choose serial baud rate for updating core file.
-----------------------------------
- 1. | 9600 -
-----------------------------------
- 2. | 14400 -
-----------------------------------
- 3. | 19200 -
-----------------------------------
- 4. | 38400 -
-----------------------------------
please input choose the baud rate...

6) After entering the chosen baud rate, the system is waiting to transmit upgrade file through the
serial port, now press [Transfer] as below figure shows:

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Figure 1

Choose the file to transmit:

Figure 2

Press <Browse> to choose the program file to be downloaded, press <Send> then shows the below
interface:

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Figure 3

After downloading there will be the command-line:


Do you want to update core code? <Y/N>y

Choose y to finish the program upgrading.

Upgrade the program file through network via FTP protocol:

1) The user with administrator privilege can login and enter the privileged EXEC mode through the
serial port;

2) Enter the command reboot;

3) Press <Space> key to enter the [raisecom] interface, enter “?” to show the command list.
? show this list

h show this list

e erase Flash

i modify network manage port ip address

c choose default image file

s show network management interface information

u update your system

m update microcode

r reboot system

D: Enter “u” to upgrade program file, the interface is as follows:


choose mode for updating core file.

-----------------------------------

- 1. | serial -

-----------------------------------
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- 2. | network -

-----------------------------------

please input mode choose...

E: Enter “2” to choose network for downloading, the interface is as follows:


starting config network infor ...

host ip address: 192.168.2.225

filename: OPCOM3103..z

usr: wrs

passwd: wrs

Input host IP address, file name, user name and password of FTP in turn, and then get into the
interface as follows:
starting connect host, please wait...

Now the program upgrade has been finished.

3.2.4 Update host software in Privileged EXEC mode


Users can download host software directly under Privileged EXEC mode.

1) The user with administrator privilege can login and enter the privileged EXEC mode through the
serial port;

2) Input download system-boot ftp to update host software through FTP protocol;

3) Below interface shows after executing the command:


Please input server IP Address : 192.168.4.28

Please input FTP User name : wrs

Please input FTP Password : wrs

Please input FTP Server File Name : OPCOM3103.z

Are you sure[Y/N]:y

Loading, please wait...

Input host IP address, file name, user name and password of FTP in turn, and then get into the
interface as follows:
Are you sure[Y/N]:y

Input y to confirm the operation is correct, then shows the below interface:
Loading, please wait...file length = 1884532

Please select the disk for saving image

1. core:

2. exit

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Please input the number: 1

Input 1 to choose updating program:


Writing to core disk, please wait...

Copy file successfully!

Please reboot device!

Now the program upgrade from FTP has finished.

3.3 User management


Commands Description
user USERNAME password Add username and set password.
(no-encryption|md5) USERNAME: user name;
PASSWORD (no-encryption|md5}: encryption item.
no-encryption, no-encryption;
md5, md5, arithmetic encryption password;
PASSWORD: password
user USERNAME privilege Set user privilege
(administrant|normal|limited) USERNAME: user name;
(administrant|normal|limited): user privilege level.
Administrant, system administrator; normal,normal user;
limited, limited user.
write Save the configuration information
show user Show the user information

Table 3-1 User Management Commands Table

LNote: System default user name: raisecom, pin code: raisecom.

Example: Add a normal user named OPCOM3103, pin code: OPCOM3103, no-encrtyption the
password.

OPCOM3103# user OPCOM3103 password no-encryption OPCOM3103


Set successfully !

please execute "write" to save!

OPCOM3103# user OPCOM3103 privilege normal


Set successfully !

please execute "write" to save!

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Chapter 4 Network Protocol Configuration

4.1 Mappings from IP address to physical address

Commands Description
config Enter the global configuration mode
arp add A.B.C.D MACADDRESS Add a mapping from IP address to physical address.
A.B.C.D the IP address of the interface;
MACADDRESS: <AA.BB.CC.DD.EE.FF>, the port’s
physical address for mapping.
exit Exit from the global configuration mode and enter the
privileged EXEC mode
show arp Show ARP table

Table 4-1 ARP Commands Table

LNote: Use command arp delete A.B.C.D to delete a mapping from IP address to physical address.
Example: Add a mapping from IP 192.168.2.11 to physical address 00:50:8d:46:fb:3

OPCOM3103# config
Configuration mode, one command input per times. End with CTRL-Z.

OPCOM3103(config)# arp add 192.168.2.11 00:50:8d:46:fb:3


Successfully add an entry from ARP table

OPCOM3103(config)# exit

OPCOM3103# show arp

LINK LEVEL ARP TABLE

destination mac-addr flags(0x)Rfc Use Interface

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

192.168.2.11 00:50:8d:46:fb:3 c05 0 0 hw0

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2 Configure IP address of SNMP interface


Sometimes users need to change network management IP address, in this case, IP Address command
can be used to modify IP address of network management.

Commands Description
config Enter the global configuration mode.
interface snmp Enter snmp interface configuration mode.

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ip address A.B.C.D [A.B.C.D] Configure network management IP address.


A.B.C.D : IP address of network management, decimal digit;
[A.B.C.D] : sub-net mask of network management IP address,
decimal digit.
Table 4-2 SNMP Network Management IP Commands Table

Example: Configure IP of network management to be 192.168.2.20 and sub-net mask to be


255.255.255.0

OPCOM3103# config
Configuration mode, one command input per times. End with CTRL-Z.

OPCOM3103(config)#interface snmp

OPCOM3103(config-snmp)#ip address 192.168.2.20 255.255.255.0

OPCOM3103(config-snmp)# show interface snmp


Interface:snmp Operation Status :up

4.3 Configure a static routing


Commands Description
config Enter global configuration mode.
ip route A.B.C.D A.B.C.D A.B.C.D Configure network management IP address.
A.B.C.D: sub-net or host IP of destination network, decimal digit.
A.B.C.D: sub-net mask or host IP mask of destination network,
decimal digit.
A.B.C.D: network gate IP address, decimal digit.
exit Exit global configuration mode and enter Privileged EXEC
mode.
show ip route Show IP route information.

Table 4-3 Static Routing Configuration Table

Use global configuration command no ip route A. B. C. D. A. B. C. D.. The first group of A.B.C.D is
destination IP, the second group of A.B.C.D is destination IP mask.

Example: Configure a static routing from source IP 192.168.4.250 to destination IP 192.168.2.18

OPCOM3103# config
Configuration mode, one command input per times. End with CTRL-Z.

OPCOM3103(config)# ip route 192.168.2.18 255.255.255.0 192.168.4.250


Successfully add a route

OPCOM3103(config)# show ip route


ROUTE NET TABLE

destination gateway flags(0x)Rfc Use pro Interface

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2.0/24 2.2.2.2 2010003 0 0 8 ppp1

3.3.3.0/24 3.3.3.3 2010003 0 0 8 ppp2

192.168.2.0/24 192.168.4.250 2010003 0 0 1 sng0


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192.168.4.0/24 192.168.4.100 2000101 2 0 2 sng0

192.168.4.0/24 192.168.4.100 10101 0 0 8 sng0

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

ROUTE HOST TABLE

destination gateway flags(0x)Rfc Use pro Interface

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2.2.2 192.168.4.100 2000005 1 1 2 ppp1

2.2.2.2 192.168.4.100 5 0 0 8 ppp1

3.3.3.3 192.168.4.100 2000005 1 1 2 ppp2

3.3.3.3 192.168.4.100 5 0 0 8 ppp2

127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 2200005 0 0 2 lo0

192.168.4.100 127.0.0.1 2000005 0 0 8 lo0

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.4 Configure SNMP COMMUNITY table


Commands Description
config Enter global configuration mode.
snmp-server community Add a community.
COMMUNITYNAME [RO | RW] COMMUNITYNAME : community name;
RO: read only;
RW: ready and write.
exit Exit global configuration and enter Privileged
EXEC mode.
show snmp-server community Show COMMUNITY table.

Table 4-4 Configure SNMP Community

Use global configuration command no snmp-server community COMMUNITYNAME to delete a


community.

Example: Add a community named raisecom with privilege of read and write.

OPCOM3103# config
Configuration mode, one command input per time. End with CTRL

OPCOM3103(config)# snmp-server community raisecom rw


Set snmp community name successfully

OPCOM3103(config)# exit

OPCOM3103# show snmp-server community


ID COMMUNITYNAME RIGHT

------------------------------

1 public ro

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2 private rw

3 raisecom rw

4.5 Configure SNMP trap-server host


The trap-server is responsible to receive TRAP, default pot is 162.

Commands Description
config Enter global configuration mode.
snmp trap-server A.B.C.D Configure a SNMP to be trap-server.
A.B.C.D : IP of trap-server, in format of decimal
{<1-65535>}
digit;
{<1-65535>}: port index of trap-receiving.
exit Exit global configuration mode and enter Privileged
EXEC mode.
show snmp trap-server Show information of trap-server host.

Table 4-5 Configure SNMP Trap-server

Use the global configuration command no snmp trap-server A.B.C.D to delete a trap-server.

Example: Add a trap-server with IP of 192.168.1.16

OPCOM3103# config
Configuration mode, one command input per time. End with CTRL

OPCOM3103(config)# snmp trap-server 192.168.1.16


Set trap server successfully

OPCOM3103(config)# exit

OPCOM3103# show snmp trap-server


Trap server:

ADDRESS PORT

---------------------

192.168.1.16 162

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Chapter 5 Timeslot Assignment

This chapter introduces the configuration of timeslot assignment.

Commands Description
config Enter global configuration mode.
slot <0-1> Enter into the slot mode.
interface (e1/eos) Enter into the interface mode.
timeslot add sdh <1-2> (vc12|vc3) Assign backboard timeslot for the port.
TSSTRING sdh <1-2>: the exit of the service.
(vc12|vc3): timeslot level, now vc12 and vc3 are
available.
TSSTRING: timeslot index.
timeslot add sdh <1-2> (vc12/vc3) Assign backboard timeslot for the port.
SDHTSSTRING SVCTSSTRING sdh <1-2>: the exit of the service.
(vc12|vc3): timeslot level, now vc12 and vc3 are
available.
SVCTSSTRING: timeslot index.
SDHTSSTRING: timeslot index.
show timeslot Show timeslot assigning information.

Timeslot assignment at different service interfaces:

¾ EOS interface timeslot assignment


OPCOM3103 has 8 EOS interfaces; each EOS can assign VC12 or VC3 type timeslot. One interface
can be assigned for one type of timeslot only, deletes all different timeslot types before changing
assigned timeslot type.

¾ E1 interface timeslot assignment


OPCOM3103 has 32 E1 interfaces; 31-32 are channels used to transmit E1 network management
information.

OPCOM3103 provides 2 commands for timeslot assigning. Users can choose whether assign
timeslot according to backboard timeslot, if only input SDH timeslot, system will assign one piece of
backboard timeslot automatically.

Example:

1. Add VC12 timeslot 1 to SDH optical interface 1 at EOS interface 1:

OPCOM3103# config

OPCOM3103(config-eos/0/1)#timeslot add sdh 1 vc12 1


Set successfully.

2. Add VC3 timeslot 1-3 to SDH optical interface 1 at EOS interface 1:

OPCOM3103(config-eos/0/1)# timeslot add sdh 1 vc3 1-3

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Set successfully.

3. Add VC12 timeslot 1 to SDH optical interface 1 at E1 interface 1:

OPCOM3103(config-e1/0/1)# timeslot add sdh 1 vc12 1


Set successfully.

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Chapter 6 Protection Configuration

This chapter mainly introduces SDH protect-switch configuration.

OPCOM3103 provides protection function based on SDH interface, and 1+1 protection and
multiplex section protection are available.

Commands Description
config Enter global configuration mode.
protect-switch (enable|disable) (enable|disable): enable or disable protection.
Show APS status.
show aps
Configure APS mode command.
aps-mode (nonrevertive|revertive)
(nonrevertive|revertive): select APS mdoe;
aps-restore-time time <0-12> Configure restore time of APS.

Example: Enable APS on SDH optical interface:

OPCOM3103(config)# protect-switch enable


Set successfully

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Chapter 7 Clock Configuration

7.1 Related commands


Command Description
Config Enter global configuration mode.
Configure SSM mode.
disable: SSM function disable, switch of clock
just depends on alarm and priority and alarm of
device clock ssm (disable|standard|extend) clock source; standard: enable SSM described in
ITU-T G.781; extend: extending standard SSM by
enabling clock ID, enhance the capacity of
avoiding clock loop.
device clock local priority <1-5>quality Configure priority of clock source and quality
(prc|ssua|ssub|sec|dnu|received)] Or device level set in advance. Set quality level to be
clock sdh-port SLOT/PORT <1-5> received, which indicates the quality level not set
[quality (prc|ssua|ssub|sec|dnu|received)] in advance but scavenge from the real-time
Or device clock e1 <1-4> priority <1-5> received singal from clock source. Generally
[quality (prc|ssua|ssub|sec|dnu|received)] speaking, local must set quality level in advance;
other clock source can set quality level or not
according to the condition if input signal takes
along with SSM information.。
device clock local id <0-15> Or device Configure clock source ID. This configuraiton is
clock sdh-port SLOT/PORT id <0-15> meaningless except under extend SSM mode. In
Or device clock e1 <1-4> id <0-15> extend SSM mode, clock source to synchronize
with NE in synchronous network should all set
with ID.
show device clock Show clock information.

7.2 Configure synchronous chain network


7.2.1 Chain topology configuration
Chain network topology is one the simplest synchronous network topology in common use. Suppose
a chain network topology with 4 NE as below figure shows:

Chain synchronous network topology

Eastbound SDH port of NE1 access to OPCOM3500E to aggregate services; eastbound SDH port of

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NE2 connects with westbound port of adjacent device.

In normal running, the whole network synchronizes with device clock of OPCOM3500E; if
OPCOM3500E clock is invalid, the whole network synchronizes with local clock of NE1. If fiber
among NE is broken, synchronous network is cut off to be two chain sub-nets by the broken point of
fiber and the two sub-nets run in pseudo synchronization mode.

Users should enable standard SSM protocol in whole network in this topology mode. Configuration
of NE clock as below table shows:

NE1, NE2:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
2 Local crystal run SEC 0

7.3 Configure ring synchronous network


7.3.1 Single BITS configuration
Single BITS chain topology is also a common synchronous network topology.

Suppose a chain network topology with 4 NE as below figure:

Single BITS ring synchronous network topology

External clock of NE1 input port accesses output of main BITS, westbound SDH port of NE2, NE3
and NE4 connect with eastbound port of adjacent device.

In normal running, the whole network synchronizes with main BITS clock; if BITS is invalid, the
whole network synchronizes with local clock of NE1. If fiber among NE is broken, synchronous
network is cut off to be two chain sub-nets by the broken point of fiber and the two sub-nets run as
7.2.1 showed mode.

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Users should enable standard SSM protocol in whole network in this topology mode. Configuration
of NE clock as below table shows:

NE1:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 External 2Mbit clock source Scavenge by automation 0
2 Local crystal run SEC 0

NE2, NE3, NE4:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
2 Westbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
3 Local crystal run SEC 0

7.3.2 Dual BITS ring configuration


Dual BITS ring network topology adds one standby BITS comparing with single BITS network. The
clock protection capability is greatly improved.

Suppose a ring network topology with 4 NE as figure below shows:

Dual BITS ring synchronous network topology

External clock of NE1 input port accesses output of main BITS, westbound SDH port of other NE
connect with eastbound port of adjacent device. External clock input port of NE4 accesses output of
standby BITS.
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In normal running, the whole network synchronizes with main BITS clock; if BITS is invalid, the
whole network synchronizes with standby BITS clock; if standby BITS is invalid, the whole network
synchronizes with lock clock of NE1. If fiber among NE is broken, synchronous network is cut off to
be two chain sub-nets by the broken point of fiber and the two sub-nets run as 9.2.1 showed mode.

Users should enable extend SSM protocol in whole network in this topology mode. Configuration of
NE clock as below table shows:

NE1:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 External 2Mbit clock source Scavenge by automation 1
2 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
3 Westbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
4 Local crystal run SEC 1

NE2, NE3:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
2 Westbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
3 Local crystal run SEC 0

NE4:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
2 Westbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
3 External 2Mbit clock source Scavenge by automation 2
4 Local crystal run SEC 2

7.3.3 Self-loop network of OPCOM3103


Use several (more than 3) sets of OPCOM3103 to build up ring topology network as figure shows:

NE1, NE2 and NE3 make up SDH ring network. In normal running, the whole network synchronizes
E1 line clock connected from external NE1. If E1 line clock of NE1 is invalid, the whole network

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synchronizes with E1 line clock of NE2; if both NE1 and NE2 E1 line clocks are invalid, the whole
network synchronizes local clock of NE1.

Users should enable extend SSM protocol in whole network in this topology mode. Configuration of
NE clock as below table shows:

NE1:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 E1 line clock source Set to be PRC 1
2 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
3 Westbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
4 Local crystal run SEC 1

NE2:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
2 Westbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
3 E1 line clock source Set to be PRC 2
4 Local crystal run SEC 0

NE3:

Priority Clock source Quality level Clock ID


1 Eastbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
2 Westbound line clock source Scavenge by automation 0
3 Local crystal run SEC 0

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Chapter 8 Network Topology

This chapter is consisted of:

— Overview
— Point-to-point topology
— Chain topology
— Ring topology

8.1 Overview
OPCOM3103 provides bi-direction aggregation interface and Ethernet and E1 tributary interface. It
is flexible to build network topology for meeting complicated structure in client accessing, as below.

8.2 Point-to-point topology


Network of point to point topology is used in inter-office relay and extend or used to replace the
existing PDH. The networking is shown in the picture below:

TM device can form point to point non-protection network, and double TMs can form a 1+1
protection of STM-1 level. When configured as 1+1 protection mode, the two optical interfaces can
protect each other to improve service reliability.

8.3 Chain topology


Network of chain topology is suitable for communication network in chain topology and tributary
networks in chain topology.

TM and ADM can form a non-protection chain topology network, and double TMs and ADM can
form 1+1 protection chain of STM-1 level.

When configured as 1+1 protection mode, service reliability will be improved.

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8.4 Ring topology


Network of ring topology is suitable for distribution of network elements in ring topology. With the
feature of line interfaces self closed, service can be transmitted bi-directionally (eastward and
westward), so the network has high reliability and self-healing ability.

This topology can form a 2F SNC-P.

8.4.1 2F SNC-P
The advantages of 2F SNC-P are high speed, flexibility and all level capacities. The switching
depends on local environment and has nothing to do with the network topology, so 2F SNC-P is
suitable for all kinds’ topologies, especially dynamic network.

The disadvantage of 2F SNC-P is that all the tributaries in the ring are all APS architectures, that is
between any two points, there are two transmission lines transmitting the data bi-directionally, and
every receiving node receives the data bi-directionally. So the total service flow is lower than the
device capacity.

2F SNC-P is suitable for access network, relay network and long distance network, which are
concentrated, low service flow.

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Chapter 9 Typical Application

OPCOM3103 is typically networking with OPCOM 3100 series products, and aggregated by
SUB2STM1 sub-card.

9.1 In-band network management channel configuration


9.1.1 DCC network management channel
Typical ring network management path application as the below figure shows:

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Three OPCOM3103 are used here to build ring network, the configuration of every device shows as
the figure.

Configure DCC interface IP on OPCOM3103-A:

Commands Description
OPCOM3103#config Enter global configuration mode
OPCOM3103(config)# interface dcc 1 Enter dcc interface 1
OPCOM3103(config)#ip address 192.168.5.1 Configure dcc1 ip 192.168.5.1
OPCOM3103(config)#interface dcc 2 Enter dcc interface 2
OPCOM3103(config)#ip address 192.168.6.1 Configure dcc2 ip 192.168.6.1

Configure DCC interface IP on OPCOM3103-B:

Commands Description
OPCOM3103#config Enter global configuration mode
OPCOM3103(config)# interface dcc 1 Enter dcc interface 1
OPCOM3103(config)#ip address 192.168.5.2 Configure dcc1 ip 192.168.5.2
OPCOM3103(config)#interface dcc 2 Enter dcc interface 2
OPCOM3103(config)#ip address 192.168.7.2 Configure dcc2 ip 192.168.7.2

Configure DCC interface IP on OPCOM3103-C:

Commands Description

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OPCOM3103#config Enter global configuration mode


OPCOM3103(config)# interface dcc 1 Enter dcc interface 1
OPCOM3103(config)#ip address 192.168.6.2 Configure dcc1 ip 192.168.6.2
OPCOM3103(config)#interface dcc 2 Enter dcc interface 2
OPCOM3103(config)#ip address 192.168.7.1 Configure dcc2 ip 192.168.7.1

Ping 192.168.5.28 and 192.168.6.28 must be successful on OPCOM3103-A after configuration


successfully, and network management host can access 192.168.5.28 and 192.168.6.28 to realize
management of other devices. If one path of network management has fault, the host can manage
other devices by alternative router. Selection of router is automatically operated in accordance with
devices rip.

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Appendix A Acronyms

Acronyms Full spelling


ADM Add-Drop Multiplexer
AIS Alarm Indication Signal
APS Automatic Protection Switching
AU Administrative Unit
AU-n Administration Unit,level n
AUG Administration Unit Group
AU-PTR Administration Unit Pointer
BBE Background Block Error
BBER Background Block Error Ratio
BER Bit Error Ratio
CMI Coded Mark Inversion
C-n Container- n
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CV Code Violation
DCC Data Communications Channel
DCE Data Circuit-terminating Equipment
DCF Data Communications Function
DCN Data Communications Network
DDN Digital Data Network
DTE Data Terminal Equipment
DXC Digital Cross Connect
ECC Embedded Control Channel
EM Element Management

Acronyms Full spelling


EML Element Management Layer
EMS Element Management System
EOS Ethernet Over SDH
ES Error Second
ESR Error Second Ratio
ETSI European Telecommunication Standards Institute
FEBBE Far End Background Block Error

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FEES Far End Error Second


FESES Far End Severely Error Second
GUI Graphical User Interface
HDLC High Digital Link Control
HPC Higher order Path Connection
IP Internet Protocol
International Telecommunication
ITU-T
Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector
L2 Layer 2
LAN Local Area Network
LCT Local Craft Terminal
LOF Loss Of Frame
LOP Loss Of Pointer
LOS Loss Of Signal
LPC Lower order Path Connection
MAC Medium Access Control
MAN Metropolitan Area Network
MCU Micro Control Unit
MD Mediation Device
MF Mediation Function
MII Medium Independent Interface
MM Multi Mode
MS Multiplex Section

Acronyms Full spelling


MS-AIS Multiplex Sections - Alarm Indication Signal
MSOH Multiplex Section OverHead
MSP Multiplex Section Protection
NE Network Element
NEF Network Element Function
NEL Network Element Layer
NML Network Manager Layer
NMS Network Management System
OAM Operation,Administration and Maintenance
OFS Out of Frame Second
OOF Out of Frame
OS Operation System

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OSI Open System Interconnect


PCM Pulse Code Modulation
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
PJE+ Pointer Justification Event +

PJE- Pointer Justification Event -


POH Path OverHead
PPP Point to Point Protocol
PRC Primary Reference Clock
RAM Random Access Memory
RDI Remote Defect Indication
REI Remote Error Indication
REG Regenerator
RFI Remote Failure Indication
RIP Router Information Protocol

Acronyms Full spelling


RMII Reduced Medium Independent Interface
RS Regenerator Section
RSOH Regenerator Section OverHead
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SEC SDH Equipment Clock
SES Severely Error Second
SESR Severely Error Second Ratio
SETS Synchronous Equipment Timing Source
SM Single Mode
SNCP Sub network Connection Protection
SOH Section Overhead
SPRING Shared Protection Ring
SSM Synchronous State Message
STM-N Synchronous Transport Module Level-N
TCP Transport Control Protocol
TDEV Time Deviation
TDM Time Division Multiplex
TM Terminal Multiplexer
TMN Telecommunications Management Network
TU Tributary Unit
TU-m Tributary Unit,level m

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TUG-m Tributary Unit Group,level m


UAS Unavailable Second
VC Virtual Container
VC-n Virtual Container,level n
VLAN Virtual Local Area Network
WAN Wide Area Network

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