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374 Chapter 8 84 Determine the maximum tensile and compressive bending, shown. stresses in the beam Solution: - ‘Component [A " Ay 4 ~ in? a 2a? = in? os" 2in? ano ‘Component | 1, (in.‘) dy (in) Ay tia tt - 18 uu 176 = 03 2 1784 En, = 1833in.; Lad? = 294in! = 18.33in. + 294int (11,200 4 x 12in ft.) 44") 4773in§ = 12,300 4/in? = 7,321 4/in? 47.73in# (Me, _ (11200. x 12infft}(26") r a773int Bending and Shear Stresses in Beams a7 Based on the bending moment diagram, ant e whe + ‘Therefore, ont “ ‘Substituting for M obtained previously, 3(258k ft) = = 0.108 kt oe eft = 1054. but = #/ft? x tributary width (joist spacings) © 105 #/ ft. Use 24" on canter (o.c) spacing. taf fa ae of he chee Pe efor ed Bending and Shear Stresses in Beams Section Modulus ‘The majority of the structural vused in practice (structural Steel, timber, aluminum, etc.) are standard shapes that are normally available in industry. Cross- sectional properties such as area (A), moment of inertia (N), and dimensional size (depth and’ width) for standard, shapes are usually listed in handbooks and tables. ‘The propertios of nonstandard sections and built-up. sections may be calculated by the methods outlined in. Chapter 6. As a means of expanding the basic flexure equation into a design form, the two section properties 1 and c are combined as I/¢, which is called the section modulus. 5 = section modulus, usually about the x axis (in) ‘M = bending moment in the beam, usually Myax Because I and ¢ of standard sections are known, their section modulus be obtained by calculati the moment of inertia [ of the area and then dividing 1 the distance from the neutral sit tothe extreme fiber Th symmetrical sections, c has only one value, but in unsym- metrical sections, c will have two values, as showi in §.12(b). In the is and. ‘of beams, how- Cet we are scully intesed in he mbtemon sce tat ‘occurs in the extreme fiber. In all such ‘the est value of ¢ must be used problems, (he great If we rewrite the basic flexure equation into a design form, =e where Fa (M = maximum (kin. or #in.) the usefulness of the section modulus becomes quite apparent, because only one unknown exists rather than. two (and c}. allowable bending stress (ksi or psi) ‘moment in the beam, 375 W|4x3s STEEL BEAM |e iN bs Apa oF SBeTIOM Beant I AWUT XX Ax|S SLND = 5 [SBeTIeN MAUS) be tae Tbe BpAM OLDE N.Y ARR OE SBETIN 237, B4iN4* 1 ApevT ox AS 49,4) N= 5 (sBeTeN reriLIs)