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BBA 6021

TOPICS: On-the-
job Training
NAME Roll No.
On-the-job Training Methods:
This is the most common method of training in
which a trainee is placed on a specific job and
taught the skills and knowledge necessary to
perform it.
The advantages of on the job
training are as follows:
1. On the job method is a flexible method.
2. It is a less expensive method.
3. The trainee is highly motivated and encouraged to
4. Much arrangement for the training is not

On-the-job training methods are

as follows:
1. Job rotation:
This training method involves movement of trainee
from one job to another gain knowledge and
experience from different job assignments. This
method helps the trainee understand the problems
of other employees.
2. Coaching:
Under this method, the trainee is placed under a
particular supervisor who functions as a coach in
training and provides feedback to the trainee.
Sometimes the trainee may not get an opportunity to
express his ideas.
3. Job instructions:
Also known as step-by-step training in which the
trainer explains the way of doing the jobs to the
trainee and in case of mistakes, corrects the trainee.
4. Committee assignments:
A group of trainees are asked to solve a given
organizational problem by discussing the problem.
This helps to improve team work.
5. Internship training
Internship is one of the on-the-job training methods.
Individuals entering industry in skilled trades like
machinist, electrician and laboratory technician are
provided with thorough instruction though theoretical
and practical aspects. For example, TISCO, TELCO
and BHEL select the candidates from polytechnics,
engineering colleges and management institutions
and provide apprenticeship training. Apprenticeship
training programmes are jointly sponsored by
colleges, universities and industrial organisations to
provide the opportunity to the students to gain real-
life experience as well as employment. Exhibit
presents the benefits of apprenticeship training.

Advantages of On-the-Job

1. It is directly in the context of job

2. It is often informal
3. It is most effective because it is learning
by experience
4. It is least expensive
5. Trainees are highly motivated
6. It is free from artificial classroom

Disadvantages of On-the-Job
1. Trainer may not be experienced enough
to train or he may not be so inclined.
2. It is not systematically organized
3. Poorly conducted programs may create
safety hazards.