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Details of Household Head and Members

Table 1.1: Profile of the Barangay

Table 1.1 illustrates the distribution of marital status, educational attainment, and occupation. The
barangay’s profile is divided into categories based on age group showing how many of the residents
belong to a specific division. An example interpretation would be, 441 of the residents who are one (1) to
twenty (20) years old are single.


Gender distribution among the population shows the male population outnumbering the female
population but only by a small quantity. The population is divided between males and females in a
51.61% and 48.39% ratio respectively. This includes all residents of all ages accounted for during the
profiling duration.


The average age dominant within the barangay is 27 years old. A vast majority of the residents
fall in the age range of 1-year-old and 20-years-old consisting almost 45% of the barangay’s population.
The graph below shows the age range (in years) along with the total number of residents that fall under
that category.

Marital Status

Marital status is categorized as Single, Married, Widower and Separated. The data shows that a
good majority fall under Single followed by Married. Few cases of widow/widower and separated were
also recorded during the profiling period.

Educational Attainment

Primary and Secondary levels are the two educational levels are the most commonly attained
among the residents. A small percentage of the population reached college or graduated college. The
percentage of illiterate portions of the population reflect those of the children in the population that are
too young to attend school.

Primary Occupation

According to the data gathered during the profiling period, 35% of the population do not have
work or jobs. However, 33% of the population have some form income, most of which is through salaries
or wages in agricultural work. Another large chunk of the population is currently attending school.

Housing Characteristics and Ownership of Assets


Category Specifics Number Percent Rank


Availability of 82 37.90% n/a

Tap Water

Source of 4.58% 3
drinking water bomba 10

bubon 1 0.46% 8

deep-well 2 0.92% 7

faucet 5 2.29% 5

flowing 162 74.31% 1

mineral water 6 2.75% 4

poso 14 6.42% 2

tap water 4 1.83% 6

water pump 14 6.42% 2

*61.1% (133) doesn't own a water source but a source of water is normally within less than 5
minutes from their houses.

Table 2.1: water supply in san jose, tambangan

Most households doesn't have tap in their houses but a water source is normally within
less than 5 minutes from their houses. Most of the households get drinking water from flowing
which is mostly tap water with 74.31%. Only 2.75% of them drink mineral water. In addition,
other sources like bomba, bubon, deep-well, faucet, poso, tap water, and water pump are not safe
for drinking.

Table 2.2 Migration


219 0 11 Yes No Family Ownership Source
mos yrs reasons of Land of
– 10 or Income
yrs more

% 34.88 65.12 49.32 50.69 63.35 26.07 10.56

Span of 215 75 140
residency in
the area
219 108 111
into the area
Reasons of 161 102 42 17

YELLOW HIGHLIGHTS represents the majority (based on percentage ratio)

Most of the families did not migrate mainly because of their family reasons.
Table 2.3: Household Assets
There were a total of 219 respondents in Barangay Tambangan. The highlighted ones in color
yellow reveals the majority of them which they have acquired or even not acquired any of the
household assets present in every family that were interviewed.

In terms of vehicles owned, most of the respondents only own motorcycles or bicycles, not many
of them own cars at all and there are even some who own no kind of transportation. Motorcycles.
A total of 213 household responded to the interview made, and there were a 1.5 or at least 2
motorcycles per household, with a total percentage average of 97.26%. With these, it have been
discussed that motorcycles are their own mode of transportation going in and out of the
Barangay because it is fast and not bulky. Cars, there were only 4 families who had cars, that
represents 1.82% of the whole community. Bicycles, there were 27 of them who responded, who
are included in the total of 12.32% and there is an average of 1 per household who managed to
acquire that in their homes.

Most of the families in Barangay Tambangan are still in the traditional way of stoves that are
used in cooking. Unlike before, people prefer their stove outside the house 45.205 but it is more
convenient to cook inside the house 50.22% which paved a way in the shifting of cooking styles
of the people there. Approximately, the average number of traditional stove inside the house is 1.

According to the data over 219 households, an average of 2 light bulbs are used as their lamps
inside of their houses.It represents 54%. of the whole vicinity. It indicates that even though
majority of people have an access to electricity, the people of tambangan spend less consumption
of electricity. The area of barangay tambangan is a bit far from the civilization thus making it as
a factor why they live a simple life compared to people who lives in urban places.

TVs, radios, and electric fans are the most popular among the electric appliances with an iron
coming next and a small amount of people owning refrigerators, microwaves and/or washing

As a result, from the 218 respondents from Barangay Tambangan, these were the average count
of each electrical appliances & housewares that can be found in each household:

A. Radios, with a total of 65 respondents who only acquired their own, has an average of 3.3 or
at least 3 radios at their own houses because they were used as the major source of news since
the area were far from the city. The percentages are reflected in a way that, there were 70.4%
who do not have any radio in their own homes, and there is a 16% who have atleast 1 radio , and
several 14.2% who have acquired atleast 2 or more radio at home.

B. Televisions, with a total of 150 respondents who told the researchers that they have the
abovementioned appliance, has an average of 1.4 or at least 1 television per household. They
were used as a form of entertainment rather than a medium for news and other important matters.
There represents a total of 32% who do not have TVs, a 37% who have atleast 1 TV per family,
and 30% had two or more TVs inside their houses.

C. Electric Fans, with a total of 225 respondents who told the researchers that is one of their
major source of air during the hotness of the day and even to calm themselves at night, has an
average of 1.5 or at least 2 electric fans per household. The total of 43% of the whole
respondents got to have atleast one electric fan per household, and 57% got acquired two or

D. Refrigerators & Washing Machine with a total number of 86, that they both have 43
respondents in each appliance as asked by the interviewers, have an average of 2.3 or at least 1
appliance each of them for the total 86 household who responded. A total of 0.3% do not have
refrigerators, 9% have one, and 11% got two, because they are used in thir home based stores.
Washing Machines, on the other hand, have acquired only a 9% of having 1 and even 3.11% of
having two or more.

E. Computers, with a total of 13 who responded to the interviews has an average of 0.059 or at
least 1 computer set per household in the 13 people who just responded to us. There were a big
number of having no computer sets at home, with a total of 94.06%. The 13 people or families
that responded have atleast 1 set, which are 6% of the total percentage.

F. Iron, that is basically an essential part of living, had a total number of 73 respondents. It has
an average of 1 per household in the vicinity. A total of 66.67% do not have irons at home. Only
34% have aleast one to two irons.

G. Microwave, had a total number of 8 respondents. It has an average of 1 per household. They
are represented by 3.6% who only have them at home.

H. None at All, there families who doesn't have the capacity or enough money for them to
acquire any of the abovementioned things, with a total number of 20 families that is 9.13% of the
total percentage & there were considering themselves so unlucky just because they lacked things
like these.

Communication devices, like cellphone have a total og 46% who have acquired pieces of them.
A total of 54% do not have an y cellphone in the area. Internet isn’t also present in their own
homes. By being too far from the city, and even the poverty that raises up in the vicinity, they got
no time for having interne tas their own forms of entertainment.
No. of rooms per house 1 39 17.8% 4
2 57 26.03% 2
3 46 21% 3
4 62 28.31% 1
5 15 6.84% 5
6 2 0.91% 6
Main Materials of the Cement 127 57.9% 1
Mixed* 54 24.68% 2
Nipa 12 5.48% 4
Wood 28 12.79% 3
Bamboo 10 4.57% 5
Availability of 174 79.45% N/A
Ownership Status Owned 195 89.04% N/A
*mixed materials are the combination of either two of the following: Mixed, Nipa, Cement, Wood,
** 20.54% don’t have a bathroom. They usually walk for 1-3 minutes to the nearest bathroom.
Table 2.4: Status of the Houses

Most households consists of 2 to 4 room in their households and these includes their comfort
room. On the other hand 20.54% of the respondents does not have their own comfort room so there is a
need for them to walk few minutes away from their households in order to use a comfort room. Out of
219 respondents 127 of them used cement as a foundation of their houses.


Table 3.1. Necessity Expenses per Month

Ranges Medicines Food or School Transportation Housing cost/ Loans

Groceries Rental

No expense 82 31 69 99 173 124

1-500 83 17 49 62 19 15

501-1000 19 21 26 16 8 11

1001-1500 4 14 18 16 4 20

1501-2000 10 13 16 4 4 8

2001-2500 1 7 5 1 7

2501-3000 6 32 10 6 1 4

3001-3500 13 2

3501-4000 1 3 6 1 4

4001-4500 15 4 2 1

4501-5000 5 8 3 1 11
5001-5500 1

5001-6000 33 2 1 1

6000 above 2 2 11 2 1 3

TOTAL 212+6=218 212+6=218 212+6= 218 212+6=218 212=6=218 212+6=218

No response: 6

Table 1 show that residents of Brgy. Tambangan does not incur much of expenses since they live
practically and do not spend so much money. Highest number of respondents with total number of 173
out of 218 respondents shown in housing cost/rental, meaning they do not have monetary payment every
month in their house since most probably, the data gathered showed that respondents own the house
where they live. It is seen in the table that respondents were trying to minimize their expenses and the
data revealed how the family properly disseminate their enough money to sustain their necessities. In
ranges 1-500 pesos, highest respondents was shown in medicine since they need to provide good health to
their family and next is transportation since the place was located far from the main town they need to
spent some expense for transportation and the least number was showed in loans hence, only some
residents consider it as a savings. To sum it up, residents of this place do not incur many expenses for
practicality, in connection, they do not have enough income to sustain their expenses and so they limit
their expenses to budgetized their needs. To sum it up, the lower the income it results to less expense.
Table3. 2. Vices Expense per Month

Ranges Alcoholic Drinks Cellphone Load Cigarettes

No expense 177 85 172

1-500 27 118 24

501-1000 3 4 8

1001 above 2 2 5

TOTAL 199 + 9 = 218 199 + 9 = 218 199 + 9 = 218

No Response: 9

This table shows that people in Tambangan do not usually spend their money for their vices. Only
32 out of 218 respondents have spent their money for alcoholic drinks. For cellphone load, 124
respondents, they spent money for their cellphone for faster communication and some of them used it for
business purposes. Lastly, 37 respondents are spending money for cigarettes. The reason for these
outcomes is that most of them do not have enough money to sustain their daily needs, so having vices
would not help.
MONTHLY INCOME (218 respondents)


0 - 1,500 44

1, 501 - 3, 000 33

3, 001-4,500 13

4, 501-6000 37

6, 001-7, 500 13

7,501-9,000 19

9,001-10500 14

10,501-12000 1

12, 001-13, 500 7

13, 501-15, 000 29

not indicated 8

Table 3.3. Monthly Income

From the the table, it definitely showed that the income range of 0-1,500 has the highest
frequency among others. This could be substantiated by the primary source of income of the people
within the barangay, which is farming. Also, it is due to the fact that most of the land areas being used for
growing palay is not owned by the farmers. Instead, they were hired to do the labor and receive minimum
payment. And farming is not always assuring because after the harvest, people would be vacated for
weeks and they have to wait for the next possible job.

Furthermore, the overall data indicates that none of the surveyed family in Brgy. Tambangan has
reached the average family income in the Philippines as estimated by the Philippines Statistics Authority
in 2015. The PAS reported that 22 thousand pesos is the average monthly income of Filipinos as a result
from the Family Income and Expenditure Survey. Thus, entails that families in Barangay Tambangan
have likely an unstable jobs, resulting to having the less capacity to cover all their necessities.



1 Other source of income 124 57%

2 Farming 89 41%

3 Sari-sari store 37 17%

4 Fishing, Poultry ,Piggery 11 5%

Table 3.4 Souce of Income

The data above were the sources of income in Barangay Tambangan, San Jose. 124 out of 219
respondents are minimum wage earner, salary wage earner, some are employed, pensioners, beneficiaries
of 4P’s, and some are depends on borrowing from lending institutions with the total percentage of 57%
ranked first, 89 respondents said that their main source of income is farming with 41% ranked second, 37
of them are owners of a sari-sari store with 17% ranked third and lastly, 11 respondents said that they
depend on fishing, poultry and piggery with 5% ranked fourth.
The result shows that even if Tambangan, San Jose is considered to be an agricultural area, their
main source of income mostly are coming from non- agricultural activity, it is mainly because most of
them does not own the land that they currently occupying.



Salary wage earner 33 15% 1

Minimum wage earner 26 12% 2

Driver( Habal-habal) 24 11% 3

Employed 19 9% 4

Pension 4 2% 5

Lending 3 1% 6

4P's beneficiaries 2 1% 7

Table 3.5 Other Source of Income

The presented data above are the components of other source of income of the entire population.
Among other source of income with a total of 124, 15% (33) are salary wage earner, these are the families
that depends on the remittances given to them by their children or husband. Ranked second with 12% (26)
are Minimum wage earner, most of them are labourer or construction workers. 11% (24) are composed of
drivers of habal- habal ranked third. 9%(19) are employed ranked fourth. 2% (4) are beneficiaries of the
pension given by the government ranked fifth. With 1%(3) are depending on some lending institutions
ranked sixth. Lastly, with 1% (2) are beneficiaries of 4P’s of the government.
The results show that among other source of income, 15% of the respondents are salary wage
earners. This means that some of them find opportunities outside the area of tambangan to have a higher
income for their family aside from farming.

Table 3.6 Summarized Income and Expenses


Public Services

Government Services Barangay Services Government Project

Month Year Month Year
4ps 46 36 1 0 6
UCT 3 0 0 0 0
Senior Citizen 14 8 0 1 0
Free 3 1 0 0 0
Listahanan 5 2 0 0 0
Philhealth 9 6 0 0 2
Medicine 6 7 1 1 0
Vitamins 2 1 0 0 0
Maintenance 17 17 0 2 8
Relief Goods 1 5 8 3 1
Evacuation 1 3 0 0 26
Social Pension 3 4 0 0 0
DOH 4 3 1 0 1
DEPED 3 0 0 0 2
Flowing 1 2 0 0 25
Check Up 2 7 0 0 0
Bakuna 1 4 0 0 0
Kalahi 1 1 1 0 27
Financial 3 8 4 3 0
Oplan 1 1 0 1 0
Scholarship 0 0 7 7 2
Health Care 0 0 2 2 0
Rice 0 0 1 1 0
Celebrations 0 0 2 1 0
Feeding 0 0 2 0 0
Meetings 0 0 2 0 0
School 0 0 1 0 0
Documents 0 0 1 0 0
Construction 0 0 0 0 21
Airport 0 0 0 0 1
DSWD 0 0 0 0 1
Day Care 0 0 0 0 1
Table 4.1 Raw Data of Public Services

Tabel 4.2 Summarized Data for Public Services

From the data shown above, it is clearly stated that somehow more people avail of government
programs and services offered in the Barangay. There were many government services that were offered
but some of the residents did not avail it. Some of them were not qualified to avail and some chose not to.

The Barangay Tambangan merely shows to be as an underdeveloped community, that every

household is in need of government assistance to support their personal commodities. Every government
program indicates opportunity to each and every residents of the barangay. In the data above mentioned,
49.1% does not avail any services provided by the government affected by several factors such as lack of
information dissemination in the barangay. On the other hand, 50.9% are able to avail the services
provided by the government that entails some residents in the barangay Tambangan is in need of support
in terms of their living such as 4 P’s and different services allocated for them such as free check-ups and
free goods. Moreover, the more services provided for the barangay the more opportunity for them to be

In addition, it is shown that the most availed services provided by the government is the 4Ps
stands for Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (English: Bridging Program for the Filipino Family),
also known as 4Ps and formerly Ahon Pamilyang Pilipino, is a conditional cash transfer program of the
Philippine government under the Department of Social Welfare and Development. This program aims to
eradicate extreme poverty in the Philippines by investing in health and education particularly in ages 0–
14. This means that every household that received such program would bring great opportunity with their
family to at least lessen the expenses they have. The next in rank is the maintenance. Third in rank is the
Senior Citizen. The elderly also needs programs that would also help them example is for their health
benefits. Most of the elderly in the barangay are suffering from high blood and many more illnesses that
require maintenance drugs. Due to the lack of financial capabilities of the family and lack of health
facilities in the barangay they are highly in need of the support from the government.

The data presented above entails the most needed service to be provided in the barangay. 4P’s is
the most availed service provided by the government that indicates that the residents in the said barangay
is in need of financial assistance to support their needs. The said service provided is just enough for the
basic needs of the barangay and for every households. However, some families that has more members
tend to have a problem when it comes to providing the basic needs of their family. Also based on the
graph we can see that there is an active involvement of the government in the barangay despite of its
location. Since government has an important role in the society, they were able to do and provide the
basic need such as the projects that they have implemented which benefited most of the people in the
barangay. It brings great opportunity for every household that somehow the government really do their
responsibilities as the elected officials of their municipality.
Ateneo de Naga University

College of Business and Accountancy

Accountancy Department



In partial fulfillment for the Final Paper Requirement

of Economic Development Research (ACOT102)

Submitted by:

Mr. Emmanuel V. Abejero

Social Sciences Department, Instructor

March 2019

PROFILING PERIOD : September 12, 2017



PROVINCE : Camarines Sur

REGION : Region V (Bicol Region)

PATRON : San Isidro Labrador

FEAST DAY : May 9-10

TOTAL LAND AREA : 232.08 sq.m.



LANGUAGE : Filipino



Magkaroon ng Produktibong Mamamayan para makatulong sa pag-unlad ng ating Bayan. ( To

have productive citizens that will contribute to the development of the nation)


Ang Barangay ay Magbibigay ng ibat-ibang uri ng pagsasanay para sa karagdagang kaalaman

tungo sa pagbabago ng antas ng pamumuhay ng mamamayan. (The barangay Tambangan shall conduct
different trainings and enhancement in order to provide knowledge and skills towards change in the state
of living of the constituents)


Tambangan is situated at the Eastern part of the town of San Jose, Bounded on the North of
Barangay Danlog on the east of Barangay Telegrafo on the south by Barangay Calalahan and on the west
of Barangay Pugay. It is Four kilometers away from the town proper. It has a total land area is about
239.077 with 1,567 population. The Name TAMBANGAN was derived from the word TAMBACAN
which means during the world War II, this Barangay had been used as the Tambacan of Guirillao Fighting
for their enemies. Some old residents said that this place had plenty of Tamban Trees. The Place had
become a developed barrio through the effort of Teniete del barrio through the help of the people and
their cooperation with full support of the officials headed by Teniente del Barrio, Bregido Pacamarra, the
Barangay obtained its development. Today, this Barangay has two sitios namely Landing and Yade.
Tambangan Elementary School is located at zone 3 where the barangay hall, Health Center and Day Care
Center near to each other, while the Chapel is more or less 300 meters away from the establishment. This
Barangay is now one of the developed Barangays of the Municipality where the residents rely on rice
production. It is also considered the rice granary of the land is devoted to farming. Some of the residents
are engaged in business and livelihood as their additional income. At the Southern part of the Barangay
lies a creek called RANGAS. This creek gave an additional income wherein the residents tilled sand,
gravel and boulders and sold them to contractors for construction. Most their Families have average
income because they are generally hard working cooperative and god loving. (Source: http://bdp.bgas-

According to 2015 census of Philippines Statistics Authority, the population of Barangay

Tambangan totaled to 1,646.


As part of the course requirements in the subject, ACOT102 (Economic Development) students
shall conduct a research study that will assess and analyze the nature and extent of poverty of their
chosen community in order for them appreciate the significance of the subject and understand the
existence of particular phenomenon, that is poverty. The class of AC13 chose the Barangay Tambangan,
San Jose, Camarines Sur. In relation to this, the proponents of this study conducted house-to-house
interview of chosen household and observe the area’s overall economic situation. Based from the data and
observation obtained from the local of the study, the following sections presents the the research findings.