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Ikarus S-49
The Ikarus S-49 was a Yugoslav single-seat, single-engine fighter
Ikarus S-49
aircraft built for the Yugoslav Air Force (Serbo-Croatian: Ratno
vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna obrana – RV i PVO) shortly
after World War II. Following the Tito–Stalin Split in 1948, the RV
i PVO was left with an aircraft inventory consisting of mostly
Soviet aircraft. Unable to acquire new aircraft or spare parts for its
existing fleet, the RV i PVO turned to its domestic aviation
industry in order to create an indigenous design to fulfill the need
for additional aircraft.

The result was the S-49A, designed by Kosta Sivčev, Svetozar


Popović and Slobodan Zrnić, on the basis of the pre-war
Rogožarski IK-3. The S-49A was surpassed by the improved S-
49C, featuring an all-metal construction and a more powerful An Ikarus S-49C on display at the Museum of
engine. A total of 45 S-49A and 113 S-49C were produced by the Aviation in Belgrade, Serbia
Ikarus Aircraft Factory in Zemun. The last aircraft were retired
Role Fighter
from RV i PVO service in 1960/61, having been replaced by more
Manufacturer Ikarus Aircraft Factory
modern jet-powered aircraft.
Designer Kosta Sivčev, Svetozar
Popović, Slobodan Zrnić

Contents First flight June 1949


Introduction 1950
Development
Retired 1961
Description
Operational
Primary user Yugoslav Air Force

Variants Number built 158


Operators Developed from Rogožarski IK-3
Aircraft on display
Specifications (Ikarus S-49C)
See also
References
Notes
Bibliography

Development
After the Resolution of Informbiro in 1948 and the resulting breakup with the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia was forced to rely
on its domestic military industry. The same constructors that built the Rogozarski IK-3 (designers Ljubomir Ilic, Kosta
Sivcev, Slobodan Zrnic) before the war, engineers Kosta Sivcev, Slobodan Zrnic and Svetozar K. Popovic, used existing
technical documentation of the IK-3 to construct a new fighter aircraft, the Ikarus S-49. The first prototype of the S-49A
flew in June 1949. The first operational aircraft were delivered to combat units at the beginning of 1950.

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Description
The S-49A was of mixed construction, with Soviet built VK-105 engines which were no longer available after 1948.
Therefore, it was decided to produce a new version of the aircraft powered by the similar French Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17
engine. Because of the bigger and heavier engine, the new aircraft had to be of all-metal construction with a much longer
nose. While the aircraft was mainly built by Ikarus, the wings and tail were built by the SOKO factory in Mostar.[1] The
armament remained the same as with the Ikarus S-49A and it consisted of one 20 mm Mauser MG-151/20 autocannon
produced by Germany during World War II and two 12.7 mm Colt Browning machine guns. In addition, under wing racks
for two 50 kg bombs or four 127 mm HVAR missiles were provided.

Operational
At the beginning of 1952, the Ikarus S-49C was introduced into the units of the Yugoslav Air Force. About 130 S-49C were
produced during the 1950s and they remained in service until 1961.[1]

Variants
S-49A - mixed construction and Klimov M-105 engine (45 built)
S-49B - planned version powered by a Daimler-Benz engine; unbuilt.
S-49C - all-metal construction and Hispano-Suiza 12Z engine (113 built)

Operators
Yugoslavia - Yugoslav Air Force

Ikarus S-49A - 46 aircraft (1949–1957)

117th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1950–1953)


204th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1950–1953)
107th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1953–1957)
Training Squadron of 44th Aviation Division (1953–1954)
Ikarus S-49C - 112 aircraft (1952–1961)

116th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1952–1960)


185th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1953–1956) S-49C on display.
40th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1955–1959)
109th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1956–1960)
88th Fighter Aviation Regiment (1957–1959)
Training Squadron of 39th Aviation Division (1953–1959) S-49C

Aircraft on display
Serbia

Museum of Aviation (Belgrade) in Belgrade


Both variants of Ikarus S-49 A and C are on display.[2]

Specifications (Ikarus S-49C)

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Data from The Complete Book of Fighters [1]

General characteristics

Crew: one pilot


Length: 9.06 m (29 ft 83in)
Wingspan: 10.30 m (33 ft 91 in)
Height: 2.90 m (9 ft 6 in)
Wing area: 16.65 m2 (179 ft2)
Empty weight: 2,818 kg [3] (6,200 lb)
Max. takeoff weight: 3,568 kg[3] (7,850 lb)
Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17 water cooled V-12, 1,104 kW (1,500 hp)
Performance

Maximum speed: 628 km/h (339 knots, 390 mph) at 1,525 m (5,000 ft)
Range: 690 km (373 nm, 429 mi)
Service ceiling: 10,000 m (33,000 ft)
Climb to 6,000 m (19,700 ft): 6 min 54 sec [4]
Armament

1 × 20 mm MG-151/20 cannon in propeller hub


2 × 12.7mm Browning M2 machine guns with 650 rounds per gun in upper cowling
2 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 4 × 5 in HVAR missiles

See also
Related development

Rogozarski IK-3
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Avia S-199 Sakeen


CAC CA-15 Kangaroo
Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Hawker Sea Fury
Hispano Aviación HA-1112
Lavochkin La-9
Kawasaki Ki-100-II
North American P-51K Mustang
Supermarine Spitfire Mk. XXIV
Yakovlev Yak-3

References

Notes
1. Green, W; Swanborough, G (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. Smithmark. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
2. [1] (http://www.aviationmuseum.eu/World/Europe/Serbia/Belgrade/Muzej_Ratnog_Vazduhoplovstva.htm)
3. "Ikarus S-49" (http://www.airwar.ru/enc/fww2/s49.html). /www.airwar.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2007-08-07.

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4/6/2019 Ikarus S-49 - Wikipedia

4. "Ikarus S-49C" (http://1000aircraftphotos.com/Contributions/Ruvidic/4565.htm). 1000aircraftphotos.com. Retrieved


2007-08-07.

Bibliography

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