You are on page 1of 2

4/6/2019 Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site - Wikipedia

Coordinates: 47°59′58″N 104°2′26″W

Fort Union Trading Post National


Historic Site
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site is the site of a
Fort Union Trading Post National
partially reconstructed trading post on the Missouri River and the North
Historic Site
Dakota/Montana border, 25 miles from Williston, North Dakota. It is one
of the earliest declared National Historic Landmarks in the United States. U.S. National Register of Historic
The fort, possibly first known as Fort Henry or Fort Floyd, was built in Places
1828 or 1829 by the Upper Missouri Outfit managed by Kenneth McKenzie U.S. National Historic Landmark
and capitalized by John Jacob Astor's American Fur Company.[4] U.S. National Historic Site

Fort Union was the most important fur trading post on the upper Missouri
until 1867. It was instrumental in developing the fur trade in Montana.
Here Assiniboine, Crow, Cree, Ojibwe, Blackfoot, Hidatsa, Lakota, and
other tribes traded buffalo robes and furs for trade goods including items
such as beads,[5] clay pipes,[6] guns, blankets, knives, cookware, cloth, and
alcohol. Historic visitors to the fort included John James Audubon, George
Catlin, Sha-có-pay, Father Pierre DeSmet, Sitting Bull, Karl Bodmer, Hugh
Glass, and Jim Bridger.

The site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961[3][7] and was View inside Fort Union from the
named Fort Union Trading Post by the National Park Service to Southwest bastion looking towards the
differentiate it from Fort Union National Monument, a historic frontier Bourgeois (manager's) house.
Army post in New Mexico.

Today, the partially reconstructed Fort Union interprets how portions of


the fort may have looked in 1851, based on archaeological excavations as
well as sketches by contemporaries, including Rudolf Kurz, the post clerk in
1851.

See also
Fort Buford, nearby site
Missouri-Yellowstone Confluence Interpretive Center
Show map of North Dakota
Fur trade in Montana Show map of the United States
List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana Show all
National Register of Historic Places listings in Roosevelt County, Location McKenzie and
Montana
List of National Historic Landmarks in North Dakota
Williams counties,
National Register of Historic Places listings in Richland County, North North Dakota, and
Dakota Richland and
Roosevelt
References counties,
Montana[1]
Nearest city Williston, North
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Union_Trading_Post_National_Historic_Site 1/2
4/6/2019 Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site - Wikipedia

1. National Park Service (April 17, 2015), Weekly List of Actions Taken Dakota
on Properties: 4/06/15 through 4/10/15 (http://www.nps.gov/nr/listings/
Coordinates 47°59′58″N
20150417.htm), retrieved April 23, 2015.
104°2′26″W
2. National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information
System" (http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html). Area 444 acres
National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. (1.80 km2)
3. "Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site" (https://web.archive.or Built 1828
g/web/20110606093741/http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceI
Architect American Fur
d=43&ResourceType=Site). National Historic Landmark summary
listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original (http://tps.cr.n
Company
ps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=43&ResourceType=Site) on 2011- Architectural style Greek Revival,
06-06. Retrieved 2008-01-21. Other
4. John Matzko, Reconstructing Fort Union (University of Nebraska Visitation 16,940 (2005)
Press, 2001), 11.
Website Fort Union Trading
5. De Vore, Steven LeRoy, 1992. BEADS of the BISON ROBE TRADE:
The Fort Union Trading Post Collection. Friends of Fort Union Trading Post National
Post, Williston, North Dakota. Historic Site (htt
http://www.nps.gov/archive/fous/booksplus.html p://www.nps.gov/f
6. Sudbury, J. Byron, 2009. Politics of the Fur Trade: Clay Tobacco Pipes ous/)
at Fort Union Trading Post (32WI17). Historic Clay Tobacco Pipe NRHP reference # 66000103 (https://
Studies Research Monograph 2. 225 pages. Clay Pipes Press, Ponca
npgallery.nps.gov/
City, Oklahoma 74602-2282 USA.
http://www.claypipes.com/FortUnion.htm AssetDetail/NRIS/
7. Roy A. Matteson (October 5, 1951) National Survey of Historic Sites
66000103)
and Buildings: Fort Union (https://npgallery.nps.gov/NRHP/GetAsset/N Significant dates
HLS/66000103_text), National Park Service and Accompanying 1
Added to NRHP October 15,
photo from July 1948. (https://npgallery.nps.gov/NRHP/GetAsset/NHL
S/66000103_photos)
1966[2]
Designated NHL July 4, 1961[3]

External links Designated NHS June 20, 1966

Media related to Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site at Wikimedia Commons
Fort Union Trading Post Historic Site at NPS.gov (http://www.nps.gov/fous/index.htm)

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?


title=Fort_Union_Trading_Post_National_Historic_Site&oldid=856449213"

This page was last edited on 25 August 2018, at 08:31 (UTC).

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this
site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia
Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Union_Trading_Post_National_Historic_Site 2/2