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SECTION 14 (SI): JOINTS AND BEARINGS TABLE OF CONTENTS 14.1 SCOPE 14.2 DEFINITIONS 4.3 NOTATION L444 MOVEMENTS AND LOADS 14.4.1 General 14.42 Design Requirements. 14.4.2.1 Elastomeric Pads and Steel Reinforced Elastomeric Bearings, 14.4.22 High Load Multirotational (HLMR) Bearings, 144.22 1 Pot Bearings and Curved Sliding Surface Bearings 14.42.22 Dise Bearings, 14.5 BRIDGE JOINTS. 14.5.1 Requirements 14.5.1.1 General. 145.12 Structural Design 145.13 Geometry 143.14 Materials, 14.5.1.5 Maintenance 14.52 Selection 1452.1 Number of Joints 14.5.2.2 Location of Joints 14.53 Design Requirements. 1453.1 Movements During Construction 14.5.3.2 Movements in Service 145.33 Protection. 14.534 Bridging Plates. 1453.5 Armor, 145.36 Anchors 1453.7 Bolts 14.34 Fabrication 14.55 Installation 14.5.1 Adjustment 14.552 Temporary Supports. 14553 Field Splices, 14.5.6 Considerations for Specific Joint Types. 14.566.1 Open Joints 14.5.6.2 Closed Joints 145.6.3 Waterproofed Joints 145.64 Joint Seals 145.6 Poured Seals. 14.566 Compression and Cellular Seals 1456.7 Sheet and Strip Seals 14.5.6 Plank Seals, 14.5.9. Modular Bridge Join Systems (MBIS) 14.869.1 General 14.56.92 Performance Requirements 14.5693 Testing and Calculation Requirements 14.56.94 Loads and Load Factors. 14.56.95 Distribution of Wheel Loads 14.56.96 Strength Limit State Design Requirements 145.697 Fatigue Limit State Design Requirements 14.56.9.7a General. 14.5.6.9.7b Design Stress Range. 14.6 REQUIREMENTS FOR BEARINGS. 14.6.1 General 144 © 2005 by the American Associaton of State Highway and Transportation Offical Alright reserved. Duplication (sa vilation of appicable law. Mai AASHTO LRED Brince Desicn SPECIFICATIONS (SD, 14.6.2 Characteristics. 1463 Force Bec Resling fom Resta of Moveren at he Bearing... 14.63.1 Horizontal Force and Movement. 146.32 Moment 14.6.4 Fabrication, Installation, Testing, and Shipping 1488 Seismic Provisions fo earings 1465.1 General 146.52 Applicability 1465.3 Design Criteria. 147 SPECIAL DESIGN PROVISIONS FOR BEARINGS... 14.7.1 Metal Rocker and Roller Bearings 1471.1 General. 14.7.1.2 Materials. 14.7.1.3 Geometric Requirements. 147.14 Contact Stresses 14.7.2 PTFE Sliding Surfaces. 14.2.1 PTFE Surface. 1472.2 Mating Surface 147.23 Minimum Thickness. 14.7.2.3.1 PTFE. 1472.32 Stainless Steel Mating Surfaces 14.7.2.4 Contact Pressui 14.7.2.5 Coefficient of Friction... 147.26 Attachment 14.7.2.6.1 PTFE. ~ 147.2662 Mating Surface... 14.7.3 Bearings with Curved Sliding Surfaces 1473.1 General 147.32 Bearing Resistance 14.733 Resistance to Lateral Load 14.7.4 Pot Bearings. 1474.1 General 1474.2 Materials, ~ 147.43 Geometric Requirements. 14.744 Blastomeric Disc... 14.7455 Sealing Rings 14.7.4.5.1 General 14.7.4.5.2. Rings with Rectangular Cross-Sections.... 147.4.5.3 Rings with Circular Cross-Sect 147.46 Pot 147.47 Piston 14.75 Steel-Reinforced Elastomeric Bearings—Method B. 1475.1 General 1475.2 Material Properties. 14.5.3 Design Requirements T4T5.3.1 SCOPE 147.532 Compressive Stress 14.7.5.3.3 Compressive Deflection. 1475.34 Shear Deformation... 1475.3.5 Combined Compression and Rotation. 14.7.5.3.6 Stability of Blastomeric Bearings, 1475.37 Reinforcement 14.7.5.3.8 Seismic Provisions 14.76 Blastomeric Pads and Steel-Reinforced Elastomy 1476.1 General 14.7.6.2. Material Properties. ic Bearings Method A. 14-32 snl 4-33 14.33 14-34 14.35, 14-36 14-36 14-38 14-36 “4-37 14:37 e437 14-38 vol 4-38 14-38 14.39 14-40 14-40 14.40 14-40 M441 1441 vol 442 14-43 1dA3 1444 444 444 1444 1445, 14-46 14-46 14-46 1447 14-48 AB 14-48 vol 449 14-49 14-49 14-50 1451 1451 1452 14-54 “4-54 1454 ol 4-55, 14.56 14.57 14-581 14-59 14-60 14-60 14.60 161 “TawLE oF ConeNTS (SD, Mat 14.763 Design Requirements 147.6.3.1 Scope 14.7.6.3.2 Compressive Stte38.0.- 147.6.3.3 Compressive Deflection. 14.763.4 Shear 14.76.35 Rotation 147.6.3.5a General 14.7.6.3.5b Rotation of PEP 147.6.3.5¢ Rotation of CDI 14.7.6.3.5d Rotation of FGP and Stcel Reinforced Elastomeric Bearings. 1464.1 14.76.36 Stability... susan 1476.37 Reinforcement 147.64 Anchorage. 14.7 Bronze or Copper Alloy Sliding Surfaces. 14.0.7.1 Materials. 14.7.7.2 Coefficient of Friction 147.73 Limit on Load... 147.74 Clearances and Mating Surfaces. 14.78 Dise Bearings 1478.1 General 14.782 Materials... 147.83 Elastomeric Dise 14.784 Shear Resisting Mechanism, 147.85 Steel Plates 14.19 Guides and Restraints HAT91 General soso 1479.2 Design Loads 147.93 Materials, 1479.4 Geometric Requirements 1479.5 Design Basis... 14.7.9.5.1 Load Location 147.9.5.2 Contact Stress. 14.796 Attachment of Low-Friction Material 471 14.7.10 Other Bearing Systems, 1471 148 LOAD PLATES AND ANCHORAGE FOR BEARINGS....s00susnnsssnsnsonnnn senna AT 14.8.1 Plates for Load Distribution. 1482 Tapered Plates... “ 14.8.3 Anchorage and Anchor Bol. 1483.1 General soo ~ 148.32 Seismic Design and Detailing Requirements. . vo vo 149 CORROSION PROTECTION, 474